夏邑高中 2014-2015 学年上期第一次月考
B Sixteen years ago I learned this lesson. And I learned it in the back of a New York City taxi cab. Here’s what happened. I got in a taxi, and we took off
for Grand Central Station. We were driving in the right lane (车道) when all of a sudden, a black car jumped out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver used his brakes (车闸), the tires made a loud noise, and at the very last moment our car stopped just one inch (英寸) from the back of the other car. I couldn’t believe it. But then I couldn’t believe what happened next. The driver of the other car, the guy who almost caused a big accident, turned his head around and he started yelling bad words at us. I couldn’t believe it! And this is when my taxi driver told me what I now call: “The Law of the Garbage Truck (垃圾 车).” He said:But then here’s what really blew me away. My taxi driver just smiled and waved at the guy. So, I said: “Why did you just do that? This guy could have killed us! “Many people are like garbage trucks. They run around full of garbage, full of frustration, full of anger, and full of disappointment. As their garbage piles up, they look for a place to dump (倾倒) it. And if you let them, they’ll dump it on you.“So one day when someone wants to dump on you, don’t take it personally. Just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on. Believe me. You’ll be happier.” So I started thinking, how often do I let Garbage Trucks run right over me? And how often do I take their garbage and spread it to other people at work, at home, or on the street? It was then that I said: “I don’t want their garbage and I’m not going to spread it anymore.” I began to see Garbage Trucks. I see the load people are carrying. I see them coming to dump it. And like my taxi driver, I don’t take it personally. I just smile, wave, wish them well, and I move on. 25.What happened to the author on his way to Grand Central Station? A. He was caught in a traffic jam. C. His taxi almost ran into another car. A. was deeply impressed C. felt quite disappointed 27.What can we infer from Paragraph 6？ A．The author used to have a lot of garbage trucks． B．The author used to be a good manager． C．The author used to have a lot of money． D． The author used to complain a lot． 28.How did the author learn to deal with Garbage Trucks? A. Fight back immediately. C. Call the police for help. 高二英语 【共 4 页，第 1 页】 B. Smile and move on. D. Dump it on someone else B. He had a fight with his taxi driver. D. His taxi suddenly got a flat tire (爆胎). B. got very angry D. complimented him on his good manners
本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第‖卷（非选择题）两部分,共 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟
阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分)
（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A One day a few years ago, a very funny thing happened to a neighbor of mine. He is a teacher at one of London’s medical schools. He had finished his teaching for the summer term and was at the airport on his way to Russia to give a lecture. He had put a few clothes and his lecture notes in his shoulder bag, but he had put Rupert, the skeleton(人体骨骼) to be used in his lecture, in a large brown suitcase(箱子). At the airport desk, he suddenly thought that he had forgotten to buy a newspaper. He left his suitcase near the desk and went over to the shop. When he got back he discovered that someone had taken his suitcase by mistake. He often wonders what they said when they got home and found Rupert. 21. Who wrote the story? A. The teacher’s neighbor C. A medical school teacher B. The neighbor’s teacher D. Rupert’s teacher
22. Why did the teacher put a skeleton in his suitcase? A. he needed it for the summer term in London B. he wanted to take it home as he had finished his teaching C. he wanted to take it to Russia for medical research D. he needed it for the lecture he was going to give 23. What happened at the airport? A . the teacher forgot his suitcase C. the skeleton went missing B. The skeleton was stolen D. the teacher took the wrong suitcase
26.When the author saw his taxi driver smile and wave at the driver of the black car, he _____.
24. Which of the following might have happened afterwards? A. the teacher got back Rupert but not the suitcase B. the teacher got back neither the suitcase nor Rupert C. the teacher got back the suitcase but not Rupert D. the teacher got back both the suitcase and Rupert
C When it comes to problem solving, many of us have heard of the skills of the crow (乌鸦) in Aesop’s Fables (《伊索寓言》). In the story, a thirsty crow comes across a bottle of water, but the water level (水平面) is out of its reach. The bird then drops small stones into it until the water level rises enough for the bird to drink. “Oh, it’s just a fable,” you may think. After all, it’s hard to imagine birds knowing about “problem solving”. But new research has found that crows’ brains may sometimes be better than those of 6-year-old children. In a recent experiment, US scientist Corina Logan and her team caught six crows to test them. There were two tubes (试管) of water, one wide and the other narrow (窄的). Each crow was given four stones, enough to help them get the water in the narrow tube, but not the wide one. Surprisingly, the crows dropped all or most of the stones into the narrower tube and got the food reward! They had found out the cause-and-effect relationship.Using such brains, crows are making their lives easier. For example, some crows in cities have learned to use road traffic for breaking nuts, National Geographic News reported. But how are their wits (智力) compared to humans’? Logan’s team did another experiment, this time on both crows and children. Here, the crows and children had to choose between two sets of tubes. With the red set, when they dropped a stone into a wide tube, the water level raised in a connected narrow tube that contained food. The blue set of tubes, however, had no connection between them. So dropping a stone in the wide tube did not cause the water level to rise in the narrow tube. Children aged 7 to 10 were able to learn the rule. Children aged 4 to 6, however, failed. Five of the six crows failed the test. But Kitty, a 6-month-old crow, passed it. She put all or most of the stones into the red tube. So, could a bird be more clever than a kindergartner? Don’t be too quick to say no. 29.Why is Aesop’s Fables mentioned in the beginning of the article? A. To introduce the idea that crows are smart. B. To show that fables about crows are wrong. C. To explain why crows can solve problems. D. To prove that crows can be better than babies at problem solving. 30. What have Logan’s team found out from their recent experiments? A. Crows prefer to get their food reward from wider tubes. B. Crows are able to understand or learn cause and effect relationships. C. Crows can easily recognize the tubes with a food reward inside. 高二英语
D. Some crows even make use of road traffic to help them break nuts. 31. What can we learn from the experiment on crows and children? A. Five of the six crows threw stones into the red tube. B. Children aged 6 did better than children aged 4. C. One crow passed the test while the younger children didn’t. D. Some crows proved to be more clever than children aged 10. D More and more people are taking their iPads to bed with them to surf the web, check facebook or send e-mails before switching off the light. But researchers are warning that the blue light their screens give off can stop users getting a good night’s sleep. That is because this type of light is similar to daylight, convincing the brain that it is still daytime. Blue light prevents the production of a brain chemical called melatonin, which helps us fall asleep. By contrast, light which is more orange or red does not prevent melatonin production, perhaps because our brains recognize it as a cue that the day ends. Scientists have known for years that staring at screens late in the evening can affect sleep ---they are television screens, computer screens or mobile phone screens. However, because mobiles and iPads are by nature portable ---- not to say addictive ---- more people are taking them into the bedroom. Users also tend to hold them much closer to their eyes than a computer or television screen. Researchers are warning that looking at iPad displays for more than two hours leads to lower natural melatonin levels as the devices give off blue light. They say, “Turning off the devices at night is the final solution. But if you have to use these devices at night, dim the display to cut down irritation of the eyes and limit the time you spend on them before bed.” They wrote in the journal Applied Ergonomics(应用人类工程学) that iPad makers should adjust the spectral power distribution(光谱功率分布) of the devices so that they affect the sleep patterns of users less. It is not just a good night’s sleep that could be harmed by too much late night screen time. Researchers know that long-term harm to sleep patterns can lead to an increased risk of obesity and even cancers. 32. Blue light prevents iPad users from sleeping well because ____. A. it is the same as daylight which keeps people awake B. it makes the brain more active C. it is brighter than light that is more orange or red D. it can help decrease the production of melatonin 33. The underlined phrase “dim the display” means ____. A. keep away from the display C. clean the display carefully B. make the display less bright D. turn off the display
34. In the last paragraph, the author intends to ____. 【共 4 页，第 2 页】
A. warn of the seriousness of long-term poor sleep B. call on researchers to study sleep patterns C. show the danger of obesity and cancers D. show how sleep is harmed by using iPads too much 35. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. Scientists are warning that blue light is bad for our health. B. People should limit the use of electronic devices C. Using iPads before bed can cause a poor night’s sleep. D. Looking at screens of iPads increase chances of sleeplessness. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy and happy, and to live longer. 36 37 They buy tickets or turn on their TVs to watch the games. Often they get very excited Football, for example, has spread around the world. Swimming is popular in all 38 Think how many lovers to skate or ski in Japan, when their player or team wins. countries near the sea or in those with many rivers. What fun it is to jump into a pool or lake, whether in China, Egypt or Italy! Norway or Canada. Some sports or game go back thousands of years, like running or jumping. Chinese wushu, for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one is a hundred years old yet. 39 Water-skiing is one of the newest in the family of sports. 40 One learns to fight hard but fight fair, to win People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game together they often become good friends. without pride and to lose with grace.[来 A. Sports help to train a person’s character. B. People are inventing new sports or games all the time. C. And think of people in cold countries. D. People aren’t inventing new sports or games. E. Many people like to watch others play games. F. Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere take part in them. G. Not a few people participate in different sports competitions themselves.
___41___ for an important oral exam in the local library, but people kept ___42__ me. I was getting annoyed and of course, I wasn’t able to ___43___. Suddenly I heard someone singing behind me. I ___44__ and glared at the person who was singing. It was a tall girl about the same age as me. The fact that she looked like a sensitive, friendly girl didn’t matter. If anything, it made me even angrier.” How could she be so selfish?” I thought ___45__. I picked up my books, glared at her and whispered coldly, “Thanks to your ___46___, I’ve been unable to study. You’re so ___47___!” I left the library in such a hurry, I left the most important textbook ___48__. when I got home two hours later, I found that textbook gone. I was so ___49__ that I almost cried. Just then, the phone rang. a gentle voice ___50__ the speaker as Jenny and asked if I was Jane. After ___51___ that I was, she said that she had noticed I’d left my book in the library and as my ___52___ was in it, she’d asked a librarian to get my phone number f. She said that she didn’t live far away and could bring it around for me if I needed it. I sighed with ___53___and agreed to meet her at the convenience store down the road. Of course you’ve ___54__ who Jenny was. She was the girl I had shouted at for singing in the library. When I recognized her in the convenience store, I was filled with ___55___ and apologized for my ruled behavior I felt so ___56___, but Jenny just laughed, saying she was glad to see that I’d also left my ___57___ in the library! I couldn’t help laughing at this and I invited her back to my apartment for a quick cup of tea. Ever since then we’ve been best friends and we got along really well. To be honest, I trust her more than any one else. I often think how __58____ I am. If Jenny hadn’t been a kind person who was willing to ___59___ my shortcomings, I would ___60___ have experienced such true friendship. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. A. revision A. watching A. follow A. turned down A. sadly A. practice A. active A. behind A. upset A. considered A. deciding A. address A. comfort A. guessed B. research B. asking B. improve B. turned around B. hopelessly B. attitude B. selfish B. around B. careless B. introduced B. realizing B. class B. relief B. found C. work C. warning C. concentrate C. turned off C. crazily C. noise C. sensitive C. aside C. nervous C. took C. conforming C. writing C. confidence C. recognized D. experiment D. disturbing D. speak D. turned over D. angrily D. existence D. stupid D. out D. forgetful D. remembered D. thinking D. name D. satisfaction D. heard
英语知识运用（共三节，满分 55 分）
完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文， 从短文后面各题的四个选项(A、 B、 C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The day that I met my best friend for the first time, I was full of anxiety. I was trying to do some 高二英语
【共 4 页，第 3 页】
55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
A. courage A. worried A. glare A. considerate A. overcome A. ever
B. energy B. excited B. expression B. lucky B. share B. still
C. shame C. terrible C. virtue C. pleased C. forgive C. seldom
D. doubt D. guilty D. friendship D. grateful D. hide D. never
写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于三个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 There was a boy who was sent to a boarding school(寄宿学校). He used to be ____61___ brightest student in his class. He was at the top in every ___62___ (compete). But things ___63___ (change) when he came to the new school. His grades started dropping and he was lonely all the time. He felt he was worthless and ___64___ no one loved him. His parents began to worry, but they did not know what was wrong. So his dad decided to visit the school and have a talk ___65___ him. They sat on the bank of the lake near the school. The father started asking ___66___ some questions about his classes, teachers and sports. The he asked, “Do you know, son, why I am here today?” They boy said, “___67___ (check) my grades?” “No, no,” his dad replied, “I am here to tell you that you are important for me. I want to see you happy. Nothing could be ___68___ (valuable) than your happiness. You are my life” The boy felt confident ___69___ his study again. He knew there was someone on the earth ___70___ cared for him deeply. He meant the world to someone. 第三节 单词拼写（根据提示用所给词的正确形式填空，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71.I give them a detailed_______(描述）of my car. 72.Experts______(预测）that housing prices will keep rising in the following years. 73.It’s_____(不合法的）to park your car here. You will be fined. 74._______(指控）of stealing money, the man was brought to court. 75.Sara had _______(克服）the disadvantages of her poor family background to become a successful lawyer. 76.They had little d_____ for wealth, for they just wanted to live a simple life. 77.You’d better c_____ a doctor about your illness. 78.His spoken English is poor. He may fail the o_____ examination. 79.Most people tend to have a mixture of strengths and w_______. 80.Their plan to a science park ended in f______. It came to nothing.
第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线（___） ，并在该词下面写出修改的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 I’m an senior high school student. I’m upset these days because my parents. They pay too much attention on my study. I have to report my test results to them every time. If I get good grades, they will be happy and satisfied. But if not, they will be worrying about me, especially my mom. I never want to let them down, but she has made a plan for my future. I was very bored with it and don’t know how to do. I know they really love me. I also know knowledges is important for everybody. Therefore, I can’t stand they are always making me to study. I really expect they can understand me. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设您是新华中学的学生李华，得知某英文报招聘兼职记者，你有意应聘，请按下列要点给报社写 一封自荐信。 1.表示感兴趣； 2.说明优势：知识面、英语水平、合作精神、相关经历； 3.希望得到回复； 注意： 1.词数 120 左右； 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3.开头和结尾已写好，不计入总词数； Dear Sir or Madam, ______________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Yours truly, Li Hua
阅读理解(共两节，共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 21—25ADCBC 26—30ADBAB 31—35CDBAC 36—40EFCBA 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
高二英语 【共 4 页，第 4 页】
41—45ADCBD 46—50CBAAB 51—55CDBAC 56—60DABCD 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 61. the 62. competition 63. changed 64. that 65. with 66. him 67. To check 68. more valuable 69. about/of 70. who 单词拼写（根据提示用所给词的正确形式填空，10 分） 71.description 72.predict 73.illegal 74.Accused 75. overcome 76.desire 77.consult 78.oral 79.weaknesses 80.failure 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1.an--a 2.because 后加 of 3.on--to 4.worrying--worried 5.them--her 6.was--am 7.how--what 10.to study 去掉 to
8.knowledges--knowledge 9.Therefore --However 书面表达(满分 25 分) Dear Sir or Madam,
I’m a student from Xinhua Middle School. I’m glad to learn that you want a few part-time English reporters. I’m quite interested in it. I think I’m fit for the job. As a student, I’ve read a lot and much knowledge in many fields. I’m fond of English and do well in both speaking and writing. Besides, I’m easy to get along with and enjoy working with others. Above all, I once worked as a reporter for my school broadcasting station. So I’m sure I can do the job well if I get the position. I’m looking forward to your reply. Yours truly, Li Hua
【共 4 页，第 5 页】