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第yi次周考英语


2013 届高三英语第一次周考试题
时间:2012 年 9 月 16 日 14:20-16:20 命题人:郑 伟 第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标 在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时

间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话 仅读一遍。 1. What will the woman do? A. Stay indoors . What will the speakers order? A. Coke and orange juice. B. Orange juice and coffee. C. Coffee and Coke. B. Have a walk. C. Get a coat. 2.

8. Why did the woman give up her dream to be a gym teacher? A. She didn’t have the equipment. B. She couldn’t afford the expense. C. She found the training too hard. 9. How does the woman feel about her job? A. Satisfied. B. Regretful. C. Disappointed.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题 10.What does the woman say about the science book? A. It’s of little value. B. It’s in bad condition. C. It’s an old edition.

11. How much will the woman pay the man? A. $30. B. $23. C. $21.

3. How did the woman know about the fire? A. She read about it. B. She witnessed it. C. She saw it on TV. 4.

12. Why is the woman unwilling to buy more textbooks? A. She isn’t sure what textbooks will be used. B. She hasn’t enough money to buy more. C. She doesn’t like books marked with notes. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题 13. Where is the man? A. At home. B. At the office. C. At a travel agency.

What is the man worried about? A. The match may be delayed. B. Their car may go out of control. C. They may arrive late for the game. 5. What does the man mean? A. He had a terrible vacation. B. He remained at home all the time. C. The woman asked a silly question. 第二节(共 15 小题:每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白后,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟,听完后, 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题 6.What does the man ask the woman to do? A. To work for her former employer. What is the woman doing? A. Working for a company. 听第 7 段材料, 回答第 8 至 9 题
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14. What are the speakers going to do? A. To travel abroad. B. To go to the theatre. C. To meet their friends.

15. When will the speakers meet? A. At 3:15 pm B. At 7:00 pm. C. At 6:15 pm.

16. What do we know about the man? A. He is sensitive. B. He is humorous. C. He is dishonest.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题 C. To join his company. 7. 17.What is the first news headline about? A. Street violence. B. Personal safety. C. Students’ health.

B. To recommend a customer.

B. Running a business.

C. Hunting for a job.

18. Why did some parents gather at schools in Glasgow? A. To prevent the close-down of the schools.

B. To call for better primary education. C. To participate in school activities. What are the litter pickers doing? A. Collecting private rubbish. B. Having a one-day break. C. Cleaning themselves up. 19.

20. Which teams will play in the European Cup final? A. AC Milan and Barcelona. B. Barcelona and Liverpool. C .Liverpool and AC Milan.

第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节:多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填人空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. The drug can’t cure your disease at all. It can provide only _________ relief from pain. A. compulsory B. contradictory C. temporary D. contemporary 22. With world economic crisis worsening, people _______the government for more unemployment benefits. A.apply for B. go for C. appeal to D. approve of 23.The conference was _______ fixed for the 10th, August, but later the unexpected landslide(泥石流) in Zhouqu in Gansu province, made us put it off. A. normally B. obviously C. originally D. presently 24. A good teacher must _______ to his students the importance of a proper learning method. A. get through B. get across C. get away D. get over 25.I can’t give you the thumbs up right now. I will have to go back to ______ with my director. A.deal B. associate C.bargain D.consult 26.I have battled with my _______ whether I should keep the extra money given to me or return it to the seller. A.consciousness B.perseverance C.motivation D.conscience 27.I witnessed the whole terrible accident, so I was taken to the police station and described it ______. A.at length B.at stake C.on purpose D.on end 28. It was shameful to be found sleeping in class. His classmates’ laughter only_____ his embarrassment. A. added to B. appealed to C .referred to D. applied to 29. To the great________ of the citizens, no one else was infected with H1N1 except the 12 confirmed cases . A. relaxation B. disappointment C. relief D. surprise 30.Authorities face a ______ task to persuade typhoon survivors to abandon their flood-stricken villages and relocate to lower and safer lands. A. complex B. tough C. easy D. sharp 第二节完形填空(20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选
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项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 One student took a box of chicken to class.Another carried on a cell-phone ___31___ ,and still another whistled loudly every time the ___32 __ turned his back. Reform school? No.College. More and more, professors say, they are coming across __33__ students in their classrooms. Many of today’s young scholars arrive late, leave 34 , talk loud or take care of personal 35 such as paying bills during class. Why are the students behaving 36 ? “Because they can,” said a student of University of North Texas.“A lot of the time, the professors let them get away with it.” Some educators say it is time to bring politeness back to their classrooms—and even 37 taking some of the blame for bad behavior.They say that rude students are by no means the majority but that one of them can ruin an entire 38 . People are 39 when they learn that impolite behavior is becoming more and more common in 40 education, says Dr.Gerald Amanda, a counselor at City College of San Francisco.They 41 some high school students to misbehave, but think those who get to 42 will behave more politely. Dr.Amanda believes that society in 43 has become more tolerant of rude behavior and 44 people in power, including professors, no longer 45 standards for 46 .That leads to a growing imprudence(轻率行为) 47 some college students.“There’s a great 48 of bad behavior in the world around them, and young people see it and 49 disrespect,” said Dr.Amanda, 50 that sometimes students “have no idea that they are being rude.” 31.A.line B.conversation C. message D.picture 32.A.professor B.student C.president D.classmate 33.A.hardworking B.cheating C.rude D.selfish 34.A.late B.early C.noisily D.quietly 35.A.felling B.interest C.computer D.business 36.A.badly B.well C.politely D.oneself 37.A.enjoy B.hate C.start D.avoid 38.A.school B.company C.society D.class 39.A.delighted B.surprised C.interested D.encouraged 40.A.better B.more C.higher D.younger 41.A.expect B.hope C.forbid D.wish 42.A.work B.college C.learning D.knowledge 43.A.all B.time C.charge D.general 44.A.why B.how C.whether D.that 45.A.change B.break C.set D.reach 46.A.teaching B.politeness C.thinking D.progress 47.A.about B.for C.behind D.among 48.A.deal B.number C.many D.sum 49.A.prepare B.grow C.develop D.improve 50.A.speaking B.adding C.warning D.wishing

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A If you and your friends wish to share a secret, you can write it in code, and no one else will be able to read it. Codes are one way of writing in secret. Ciphers (暗码) are another. In a code, each word is written as a secret word or number. In a cipher each letter is changed. Codes and ciphers have played an important role in the history of the world. Julius Caesar, the Roman ruler who defeated almost all the countries in Europe about 2,000 years ago, used a cipher when he sent secret messages to his troops. During the American Revolution, George Washington’s spies used a kind of code to send him information about the enemy before his military (军事的) action. In World War II, the Americans “broke”, or “figured out”, Japan’s most important navy codes and got enough information to destroy a powerful Japanese fleet. Storekeepers use codes to mark their goods. The codes show how much was paid for the goods or when they were added to the stock (商品). Businessmen use codes to hide plans from their business enemies. Sometimes personal letters or diaries are written in code. Many people enjoy figuring out codes and ciphers simply as a hobby. In the 16th century, codes and ciphers were very popular among scientists. They wrote messages to each other in this way, so that no one else would learn their secrets. Geronimo Gardano, an Italian astrologer (星相家), mathematician, and doctor, invented the trellis cipher. He took two sheets of paper and cut exactly the same holes in each one. Then he sent one sheet, which he called “a trellis”, to a friend and kept the other for himself. Whenever he wanted to write a message, he put his trellis over a clean sheet of paper and wrote the secret message through the holes. Then he removed the trellis and filled the rest of the paper with words that would make sense. When his friend received it, he put his trellis over the writing and read the secret message. 51. The best title of this passage is ____________. A. Codes and Ciphers B. Differences between Codes and Ciphers C. History of Codes and Ciphers D. Inventors of Codes and Ciphers 52. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Ciphers can be broken or figured out more easily than codes. B. You could read some words in Geronimo’s letter without his trellis. C. The first person who ever used a cipher in history was Julius Caesar. D. Fondness of using codes was the hobby of the scientists in the 16th century. 53. According to Geronimo Cardano, a trellis is _____________. . A. a piece of paper with many small holes B. a secret message with a lot of small holes C. a letter with unreadable words and sentences D. a sheet of paper with groups of Arabic figures 54. It is NOT mentioned in the passage that codes and ciphers are used for the purpose of_________ . A. military affairs B. commercial secrets C. scientific achievements D. personal enjoy

B When a rather dirty, poorly dressed person kneels at your feet and puts out his hands to beg for a few coins, do you hurry on, not knowing what to do, or do you feel sad and hurriedly hand over some money? What should our attitude to beggars be? There can be no question that the world is full of terribly sad stories. It must be terrible to have no idea where our next meal is going to come from, so it seems cruel not to give some money to beggars. Certainly, most of the world’s great religions order us to be open-hearted and share what we have with those less fortunate than ourselves. But has the world changed? Maybe what was morally right in the old days, when one knew exactly who in the village had suffered misfortune and needed help, is no longer practiced by all the people. Quite a few people will not give to beggars. Let us look at their arguments. Firstly, some believe that many city beggars dress up on purpose to look pitiable and actually make a good living from begging. Giving to beggars only encourages this sort of evil (恶行). Secondly, there is the worry that the money you give will be spent on beer, wine or drugs. Thirdly, there is the opinion that there is no real excuse for begging. One might be poor, but that is not the reason for losing one’s sense of pride and self-dependence. Related to this is the opinion that the problem should be dealt with by the government rather than by ordinary people. Some people think beggars should go to the local government department and receive help. It is hard to come to any final conclusion; there are various cases and we must deal with them differently. A few coins can save a life in some situations, and even if the money is wasted, that does not take away the moral goodness of the giver. 55. What is mainly discussed in the passage? A. Moral deeds of most people. B. Religious activities in the society. C. Moral goodness of the giver. D. Arguments on giving to beggars. 56. What can we infer from the sentence “But has the world changed?” in the second paragraph? A. People no longer know who suffers misfortune in the village. B. There some people not willing to do what was morally right before. C. We don’t meet with those who need others’ help any more. D. Now it is the government that has the duty to help the beggars. 57. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. Some people dress up to pretend to be beggars. B. Some beggars want money for their schooling. C. Some beggars use the money to buy drugs. D. Some beggars have no excuse for begging. 58. In the last paragraph, the writer thinks it hard to reach any final conclusion, because___________ . A. the cases can be so different B. there are so many beggars C. there is so much money wasted D. there are so many different arguments C Are morning people born or made? In my case it was definitely made. In my early 20s, I rarely went to bed before midnight, and I would almost always get up late the next morning.
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But after a while I couldn’t ignore the high relationship between success and rising early. On those rare occasions where I did get up early, I noticed that my productivity was almost always higher. So I set out to become a habitual early riser. But whenever my alarm went off, my first thought was always to stop that noise and go back to sleep. Eventually some sleep research showed me that I was using the wrong strategy. The most common wrong strategy is this: You assume that if you’re going to get up earlier, you’d better go to bed earlier. It sounds very reasonable, but will usually fail. There are two main schools(流派) of thought on sleep patterns. The first is that you should go to bed and get up at the same time every day. The second school says you should go to bed when you’re tired and get up when you naturally wake up. However, I have found both of them are wrong if you care about productivity. If you sleep at set hours, you’ll sometimes go to bed when you aren’t sleepy enough. You’re wasting time lying in bed awake and not being asleep. If your sleep is based on what your body tells you, you’ll probably be sleeping more than you need. Also, your mornings may be less predictable if you’re getting up at different times. The solution for me has been to combine both methods. I go to bed when I’m sleepy and get up with an alarm clock at a fixed time. So I always get up at the same time (in my case 5 am), but I go to bed at different times every night — sometimes at 9:30pm, and other times at midnight. Most of the time I go to bed between 10-11 pm. However, going to bed only when I’m sleepy, and getting up at a fixed time every morning is my way. If you want to become an early riser, you can try your own. 59. According to the passage, the underlined phrase refers to ________. A. people who stay up until the next morning B. people who feel sleepy in the morning C. people who get up early in the morning D. people whose productivity is the highest in the morning 60. Why did the author want to become a habitual early riser? A. Because he / she wanted to form the habit of going to bed early and getting up early. B. Because he / she wanted to see which of the two main schools of thought on sleep patterns was right. C. Because he / she had found that his / her productivity was higher when he / she got up early. D. Because he / she was told the high relationship between success and rising early. 61. The author experienced all the following EXCEPT ________. A. asking scholars for advice on sleeping habits B. getting up early occasionally C. pressing off the alarm to go on sleeping D. going to bed after midnight 62. The passage is mainly about ________. A. how to have good sleep B. how to become an early riser C. wrong strategies for getting up early D. main schools of thought on sleep patterns D Do you want to live forever? By the year 2050, you might actually get your wish — if you are willing to
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leave your biological body and live in silicon circuits (半导体电路). But long before then, perhaps as early as 2010, some measures will begin offering a semblance of immortality (虚拟的永生). Researchers are confident that technology will soon be able to track every waking moment of your life. Whatever you see and hear, all that you say and write, can be recorded, analyzed and added to your personal chronicles (履历). By the 2030, it may be possible to catch your nervous (神经) systems through electrical activities, which would also keep your thoughts and emotions. Researchers at the laboratories of British Telecommunications have given the name of this idea as Soul Catcher. Small electronic equipment will make preparation for Soul Catcher. It would use a wearable supercomputer, perhaps in a wristwatch, with wireless links to micro sensors under your scalp (头皮) and in the nerves that carry all five sensory signals. So wearing a video camera would no longer be required. At first, the Soul Catcher’s companion system — the Soul Reader — might have trouble copying your thoughts in complete details. Even in 2030, we may still be struggling to understand how the brain is working inside, so reading your thoughts and understanding your emotions might not be possible. But these signals could be kept for the day when they can be transferred to silicon circuits to revitalize minds everlasting entities (永生实体). Researchers can only wonder what it will be like to wake up one day and find yourself alive inside a machine. For people who choose not to live in silicon, semblance of immortality would not be as useless as they thought. People would know their lives would not be forgotten, but would be kept a record of the human race forever. And future generations would have a much fuller understanding of the past. History would not be controlled by just the rich and powerful, Hollywood stars, and a few thinkers in the upper society. 63.The main idea of this passage is that ____________ . A. human beings long for living forever B. there are many difficulties in making the Soul Catcher C. people can live forever as technology develops D. the invention of Soul Catcher has great importance 64.According to this passage, a Soul Catcher will be ___________ . A. a new machine on which research measures have already been made B. a new invention in order to catch and keep human’s thoughts C. made by British scientists to offer something that looks like living forever D. made of silicon circuits which can catch people’s nervous activity 65.We can infer from the passage that semblance of immortality is ___________ . A. to be a reality sooner or later B. far from certain C. just an idea that couldn’t t be realized at all D. a fading hope 66.The meaning of the underlined word “revitalize” in the fourth paragraph is close to ________. A. make dead B. make famous C. make known D. make active E Twenty years ago, most experts believed that differences in how boys and girls behaved were mainly due to differences in how they were treated by their parents, teachers, and friends. It’s hard to cling to that belief today. Recent research has shown that there are biological differences between boys and girls. Understanding these differences is important in raising and educating children.

For example, girls are born with more sensitive hearing than boys, and the difference increases as kids grow up. So when a grown man speaks to a girl in what he thinks is a normal voice, she may hear it as yelling. Conversely (反过来), boys who appear to be inattentive in class may just be sitting too far away too hear the teacher. Likewise, girls are better in their expression of feelings. Studies reveal that negative emotions are seated in an area of the brain called the amygdala. Girls develop all early connection between this area and the cerebral cortex (大脑皮层), enabling them to talk about their feelings. In boys these links develop later. So if you ask a troubled adolescent boy to tell you what his feelings are, he often cannot say much. Dr. Sax, an advocate of single-sex education, points out that keeping boys and girls separate in the classroom has yielded striking educational, social, and interpersonal benefits. Therefore, parents and teachers should try to recognize, understand, and make use of the biological differences that make a girl a girl, and a boy a boy. 67.What is the main idea of the passage? A. Boys tend to pay less attention in class than girls. B. Girls are better than boys in their ability to detect sounds. C. Boys and girls behave differently because of biological differences. D. Single-sex schools are not good because they keep boys and girls separate. 68.Why do girls express negative feelings better than boys? A. Girls are more emotional than boys. B. Girls have more brain cells than boys. C. The amygdala is located in different areas of the brain for boys and girls. D. The links between certain parts of the brain develop earlier in girls than in boys. 69.Which of the following does the author believe? A. Girls need more training in communication. B. Boys and girls should be educated in different ways. C. Parents should pay more attention to boys. D. Sex differences should be ignored in education。 70.What does the phase “cling to” in the first paragraph mean? A. maintain B. abandon C. evaluate D. challenge 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:完成句子(共 10 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 71. Believe in yourself, ________________________ in the future. (difference) 相信自己,你会在未来有所作为。 72. The room near the supermarket was so noisy _____________________ reading. (concentrate) 超市附近的房间如此吵闹以至于我不能专心读书。 73. Only after many school bus accidents had happened ____________________ the condition by putting some money. (improve) 只有在多次校车事故后政府才决定投入一些资金以改善车况。 74. With _______________, the man had to make a living by begging. (use) 所有的钱用完了, 这个可怜的人不得不靠乞讨谋生。 75. It is reported that another landmark building ___________________ in the east of Wuhan by the end of
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2013. (set) 据报道另一座地标式建筑将于 2013 年底在武汉东边建起。 76. ___________ the Olympic stadiums in London, the officials of International Olympic Committee are very satisfied. (inspect) 视察伦敦奥运会场馆时,国际奥组委官员们非常满意。 77. Although the climate conference is over in Durban,South Africa, the problem _______________ remains to be solved. (serious) 尽管南非德班气候大会已经结束,但环境污染很严重的问题仍然有待解决。 78. Steve Jobs, ______________________ on Oct.5, created the most valuable company in the world. (announce) 史蒂夫.乔布斯,他的死讯是在十月五号公布的,创建了世界上最有价值的公司。 79. Nearly a week passed before the girl was able to explain _______________________. (happen) 差不多一个星期过去了这个女孩才解释她怎么了。 80. Look at the trouble I am in! If only I __________________ the storm . (catch) 看我现在的处境。要是我没遭遇那场暴风雨就好了。 第二节:短文写作 (共 1 题;满分 30 分) Encouragement from a friend plays a very important role in motivating you to solve the problem you are facing. It helps you fight the difficulties and get out of an unfavorable situation you are stuck in. 注意:1 无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; 2 除诗歌外,文体不限; 3 内容必须结合校园生活的一个事例; 4 文中不得透露个人姓名和学校; 5 词数为 120 左右。

英语答题纸
完成句子 (20 分) 71. __________________________ 76. ______________________________ 72. __________________________ 77. ______________________________ 73. __________________________ 78. ______________________________ 74. __________________________ 79. ______________________________ 75. __________________________ 80. ______________________________ 完成句子 (20 分)

英语答题纸

71. __________________________ 72. __________________________ 73. __________________________ 74. __________________________

76. _____________________________ 77. _____________________________ 78. _____________________________ 79. _____________________________

75. __________________________ 80. _____________________________

书面表达 (30 分) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________
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书面表达 (30 分) _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

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