take up 1) 拿/举/抬/收起 ? He took up his pen and began to write.
2) 对…产生兴趣 She has taken up photography. 3) 接受 ：他准备接受挑战了吗？ Is he going to take up the challenge? 4) 开始从事…,开始承担 She deci
ded to take up teaching as his career.
The jet took up too much space.
Which of the following take up has the same meaning as the one in the above sentence?
A. B. C. D.
She took up her first teaching post in 1950. Li Qiang is taking up his prize won last year. My mother has taken up yoga since she met the coac Writing the paper took up most of his weekend.
First impressions. 第一印象 impressions: n. [C] 印象;感想
I had a very good impression of him. make an impression on sb. 给某人留下印象
The speech made a strong impression on us.
impress sb. with sth.
The teacher impressed us with his sense of humour.
constantly adv. 经常地，反复地 constant adj.经常的，不变的，忠贞的
The old man’s hands shook constantly. I am Jay’s constant fan and supporter.
press The drivers _______the horn constantly _________.
The problem reminds the researchers that they should develop the technology.
remind sb. that
By the year 3000, your computer will punish you if you type something nasty.
The computer reminds ________________________ you that you can’t type _____________. something nasty
② remind sb. of sth. reminds me of… The picture __________________.
③ remind sb. to do sth.
Cars will have to stop for stop signs.
The stop sign _______________ reminds the driver ___________. to stop the car
(1)as a result as a result of result from result in
As a result, I suffered from “time lag”.
因此,结果 由于 起因于… 导致(=lead to)
天下雪,因此他们迟到了. It snowed, as a result, they were late.
(2)suffer from ①患(病 ) The doctor suffers from headache. ②因….受困扰 They suffers from poverty.
Confused by the new surroundings, I was hit by the lack of fresh air.
surroundings专指自然环境（客观），用复数. environment可指自然环境,也可指精神环境 （主观），用单数.
e.g.: The boy grew up in beautiful surroundings __________but not in a happy home __________. environment
lack [U]. 缺乏,不足,没有
(a) lack of
v.缺乏,不足,没有 A of time. I haven’t finished the painting for ___ A. lack B. short C. need D. want
lack sth. be lacking in sth. lack for sth. He lacks courage. = He is lacking in courage.
no lack of 不缺乏…
I felt better in no time.
in no time 立即，马上 at no time 决不 他们马上就回来. They will be back in no time. all the time at all times at times take one’s time from time to time at a time at one time
一直 随时,永远 有时 不要急，慢慢来 时不时地 依次,逐一,每次 从前
These hovering carriages … by bending and pressing down on the …. can move swiftly.
by doing 常表方式,方法或手段. 三毛靠卖报纸谋生. San Mao made a living by selling newspapers.
bend-bent -bent 使弯曲,屈身 她弯下腰捡起垃圾。 She bent down and picked up rubbish. Touch your toes without bending your knees. bend one’s mind to 专心致志于…… She bent her mind to the job.
There were so .…I lose sight of Wang Ping. lose sight of: 看不见,忽视,失去联系 sight of I lost ___________him entirely.
catch sight of out of sight in sight at the sight of
看见 看不到,在视野外 看的见,在视野内 一看见…..
我从书店出来时看见她上了公共汽车. sight of I caught ___________her getting on the bus when I came out of the bookstore.
Keep them in your mind
1.take up 8. in no time
3.as a result 4.suffer from 5.be similar to 6.well-known 7.as though/ if
9. in all directions
10. catch / lose sight of
11. sweep up
12. plenty of
13. fall fast sleep
1. This kind of plant will die in continuously D rainy ____. A. condition B. surrounding C. environments D. surroundings C all directions to 2. I saw people coming ___ attend the Kite Flying Festival. A. to B. of C. in D. out 3. The secretary reminded me ___ C there was a meeting that afternoon. A. of B. about C. that D. on
Choose the best answer
4. Farmers can increase their corn crops three times simply ___ C watering their fields. A. through B. with C. by D. in 5.There must be no life on the Mars for ___ A of air there. ? lack B. lacking C. short D. empty 6.As there are cars and buses passing by, I couldn’t ___ A my mind to my study. A. bend B. put C. fix D. concentrate 7. Catching __ B sight of their headteacher coming, the students fell silence in ___ flash. A. the; the B. /; a C. the; / D. /; /
bent remind swift master take up previous lack constant suffer
I : I think it would be great to drive a skycar to work because it moves _________ swiftly and can save a lot of time. T: I don’t agree. I think it might be dangerous because it’s hard for me to ________ master the skills to drive the car. masterthe skills, it would solve the________ previous problems I: But once you ______ constantly met. that we ___________ T: As far as I know, the engineers haven’t made the rules to police the lack of technology. airway because the ______ I: I believe the rules will be made soon. And everyone will bereminded _______ of the rules and they can’t be _____ bent for anyone. T: It sounds right. But have you ever thought that the space to park it. It may _________ take up too much place. I: Don’t worry. It will be made much smaller than a car. Designed carefully by the experts, the new skycar will be perfect.