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高二英语3月月考(选修7~8)试题(含答案)


瓜州县第一中学 2012-2013 学年度第二学期高二年级 3 月月考

英 语 试 卷
出题:廖立忠 审校:高二英语备课组全体成员

第一卷(共三部分,共 115 分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从

题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the woman imply? A. She didn’t clean the apartment. B. She’ll help the man clean his apartment. C. She needs to clean the lab. 2. What does the woman mean? A. She saw the man run out. B. She thought the man’s laundry was done badly. C. She was sorry the man couldn’t finish his laundry. 3. What does the man imply? A. His coach didn’t help him enough. B. He had no chance of winning. C. He didn’t follow his coach’s advice. 4. What does the woman mean? A. She likes the new theatre in town. B. She expects the theatre to close down. C. She’s surprised by the news. 5. What does the man say about the activities? A. They aren’t very good because they’re so different. B. He thinks they should do both. C. It doesn’t matter which one they do. 第二节(共 15 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 6. What is the woman’s real problem? A. She feels headache. B. She feels frightened. 7. What food is considered as low stress food? A. Apples and grapes. B. Hamburgers. 8. What is the woman going to do? A. To eat less. B. To eat more. C. She feels very stressed. C. French fries. C. To change her food.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. What are the man and the woman talking about? A. A film. B. A real story. C. A ghost story. 10. What’s the first name of the man they are talking about? A. Tim. B. Tom. C. Smith. 11. Why didn’t the man return home after the war? A. He had been wounded in the war. B. The man hasn’t told the woman yet. C. He had to sell newspapers at the railway station. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What is NOT true about the man? A. Water is running down his leg. B. He cannot breathe well after a walk. C. He hasn’t been sleeping well because of the pain in his leg. 13. What has caused the trouble? A. The woman doesn’t know yet. B. He was burnt by boiling water. C. He has tired himself out in his work. 14. What’s the woman’s name? A. Doctor Cook. B. Doctor Martin. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Where are the man and the woman going? A. To the bus station. B. To the police station. C. To the railway station. 16. What does the woman think they should do? A. Take a taxi. B. Walk slowly. 17. What does the man find out at last? A. Fifteen minutes is too long. B. The traffic is moving too slowly. C. He is not able to carry two bags. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. According to the passage, what were dogs trained for in the past? A. For protection against other animals. B. For protection against other dogs. C. Just for fun. 19. Why were dogs used for hunting? A. Because they did not eat other animals. B. Because they were useful for protection. C. Because they always obeyed their masters. 20. What is the most important reason for people in the city to keep dogs now? A. For companionship. B. For amusement. C. For protection against robbery. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(每小题 1 分,共 15 小题)从每题 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出可以填 C. Leave the bags with the police.

C. The conversation doesn’t tell us.

入空白处的最佳答案 21. —Can I call you back at two o’clock this afternoon? —I’m sorry, but by then I to Beijing. How about five? A. fly B. will fly C. will be flying 22. —Why didn’t you ask him to help you ? — , but he was working on his computer. D. am flying

A. I had wanted B. I had wanted to C. I wanted D. I wanted to 23. He has been advised to have a set of exercises to his leg muscles. A. preserve B. strengthen C. manage D. connect 24. It is important for manufacturers to identify some problems at the design stage. A. potential B. financial C. personal D. emotional 25. A survey of retired people has that most are independent and enjoying life. A. advised B. demanded C. observed D. indicated 26. Your performance in the exam did not reach the required standard— , you failed. A. as a result B. in other words C. in a way D. in particular 27. Peter the papers he was marking and reached for his cigarettes and matches. A. set out B. set off C. set in D. set aside 28. She woke up to find the house on fire and yelled out help, but no one came. A. to B. for C. with D. of 29. Doctors should take special care when treating children because their breathing rate is different from of adults. A. that B. those C. some D. one 30. Jeremy’s fans in China are going crazy about his 23-year-old Harvard graduate, it’s a breakthrough in American basketball history. A. saying B. said C. having said D. to say 31. Not having finished his homework, to watch TV. A. mother forbade him B. so he was forbidden C. he forbade D. he was forbidden 32. —Peter looked tired and a little absent-minded at the meeting. —He up too late. A. may stay B. could stay C. must have stayed D. should have stayed 33. —I hear that Mr. Smith has become an architect. —Oh, really? He has become he wanted to be. A. who B. which C. what D. that 34. By 16:30, was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold. A. what B. that C. which D. when 35. They were happy with their marks after the test; they expected them to be a bit higher. A. if B. unless C. because D. though 第二节 完形填空(每小题 1.5 分,共 30 小题) 阅读下面短文,理解大意,然后从每题 A、B、C、D 中选择一个最佳答案。 I fell in love with Yosemite National Park the first time I saw it, when I was 13. My parents took us there for camping. On the way out, I asked them to wait while I ran up to E1 Capitan, a

36 rock of 3,300 feet straight up. I touched that giant rock and knew 37 I wanted to climb it. That has been my life’s passion(钟爱) ever since — 38 the rocks and mountains of Yosemite. I’ve long made Yosemite my 39 . About 15years ago I started seeing a lot of 40 , like toilet paper, beer cans, and empty boxes, around the area. It’s 41 me why visitors started respecting the place 42 and treated such a beautiful home-like place this way. I 43 picking up trash(垃圾) myself , but the job was too big, I would 44 an hour or two on the job, only to find the area trashed all over again weeks later. Finally I got so tired of it that I decided something 45 to change. As a rock-climbing guide, I knew 46 about organizing any big event. But in 2010, together with some climbers, I set a date for a 47 . On that day, more than 300 people 48 . Over three days we collected about 6,000 pounds of trash; it was amazing how much we were able to 49 . I couldn’t believe the 50 we made –the park looked clean! Each year volunteers come for the cleanup from everywhere. In 2012 alone, 2,945people picked up 42,330 pounds of trash and 51 132 miles of roadway. I often hear people 52 about their surroundings, If you are one of them, I would say the only way to change things is by 53 rather than complaining. We need to teach by 54 . You can’t blame others 55 you start with yourself. 36. A. distant B. huge C. narrow D. loose 37. A. immediately B. finally C. gradually D. recently 38. A. imagining B. painting C. describing D. climbing 39. A. garden B. home C. lab D. palace 40. A. material B. resources C. waste D. goods 41. A. beyond B. against C. over D. within 42. A. more B. most C. less D. least 43. A. recommended B. tried C. kept D. considered 44. A. kill B. save C. wait D. spend 45. A. expected B. tended C. had D. used 46. A. something B. anything C. everything D. nothing 47. A. cleanup B. party C. picnic D. concert 48. A. dropped out B. showed up C. looked around D. called back 49. A. demand B. receive C. achieve D. overcome 50. A. plan B. visit C. contact D. difference 51. A. crossed B. measured C. covered D. designed 52. A. talk B. complain C. argue D. quarrel 53. A. doing B. thinking C. questioning D. watching 54. A. method B. explanation C. example D. research 55. A. although B. if C. when D. unless 第三部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:阅读下面短文,从每题 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。(共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) A Three Boys and a Dad

Brad closed the door slowly as Sue left home to visit her mother. Expecting a whole day to relax, he was thinking whether to read the newspaper or watch his favorite TV talk show(脱口秀 节目) on his first day off in months. “This will be like a walk in the park,” he’d told his wife. “I’ll look after the kids, and you can go visit your mom.” Things started well, but just after eight o’clock, his three little “good kids”—Mike, Randy, and Alex—came down the stairs in their night clothes and shouted “breakfast, daddy.” When food had not appeared within thirty seconds, Randy began using his spoon on Alex’s head as if it were a drum. Alex started to shout loudly in time to the beat of the drum. Mike chanted(诵唱) “Where’s my toast, where’s my toast” in the background. Brad realized his newspaper would have to wait for a few seconds. Life became worse after breakfast. Mike wore Randy’s underwear on his head. Randy locked himself in the bathroom, while Alex shouted again because he was going to wet his trousers. Nobody could find clean socks, although they were before their very eyes. Someone named “Not Me” had spilled (泼溅) a whole glass of orange juice into the basket of clean clothes. Brad knew the talk show had already started. By ten o’clock, things were out of control. Alex was wondering why the fish in the jar refused his bread and butter. Mike was trying to show off his talent by decorating the kitchen wall with his color pencils. Randy, thankfully, appeared to be reading quietly in the family room, but closer examination showed that he was eating apple jam straight from the bottle with his hands. Brad realized that the talk show was over and reading would be impossible. At exactly 11:17, Brad called the daycare centre(日托中心). “I suddenly have to go into work and my wife’s away. Can I bring the boys over in a few minutes?” The answer was obviously “yes” because Brad was smiling. 56. When his wife left home, Brad expected to . A. go out for a walk in the park B. watch TV talk show with his children C. enjoy his first day off work D. read the newspaper to his children 57. Which of the following did Randy do? A. Drawing on the wall. B. Eating apple jam C. Feeding the fish. D. Reading in a room. 58. Why did Brad ask the daycare centre for help? A. Because he had to take his wife back. B. Because he wanted to clean up his house. C. Because he suddenly had to go to his office. D. Because he found it hard to manage his boys home. 59. This text is developed . A. by space B. by comparison C. by time D. by process
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B You’ve just come home, after living abroad for a few years. Since you’ve been away, has this country changed for the better—or for the worse? If you’ve just arrived back in the UK after a fortnight’s holiday, small changes have probably surprised you—anything from a local greengrocer suddenly being replaced by a mobile-phone shop to someone in your street moving house. So how have things changed to people coming back to Britain after seven, ten or even 15

years living abroad? What changes in society can they see that the rest of us have hardly noticed —or now take for granted(认为理所当然)? To find out, we asked some people who recently returned. Debi: When we left, Cheltenham, my home town, was a town of white, middle-class families —all very conservative(守旧的). The town is now home to many eastern Europeans and lots of Australians, who come here mainly to work in hotels and tourism. There are even several shops only for foreigners. Having been an immigrant myself, I admire people who go overseas to find a job. Maybe if I lived in an inner city where unemployment was high, I’d think differently, but I believe foreign settlers have improved this country because they’re more open-minded and often work harder than the natives. Christine: As we flew home over Britain, both of us felt how green everything looked. But the differences between the place we’d left behind and the one we returned to were brought sharply into focus as soon as we landed. To see policemen with guns in the airport for the first time was frightening—in Cyprus, they’re very relaxed—and I got pulled over by customs officers just for taking a woolen sweater with some metal-made buttons out of my case in the arrivals hall. Everyone seemed to be on guard. Even the airport car-hire firm wanted a credit card rather than cash because they said their vehicles had been used by bank robbers. But anyway, this is still a green, beautiful country. I just wish more people would appreciate what they’ve got. 60. After a short overseas holiday, people tend to . A. notice small changes B. expect small changes C. welcome small changes D. need small changes 61. How does Debi look at the foreign settlers? A. Cautiously. B. Positively. C. Sceptically (怀疑地). D. Negatively. 62. When arriving at the airport in Britain, Christine was shocked by . A. the relaxed policemen B. the messy arrivals hall C. the tight security D. the bank robbers 63. Which might be the best title for the passage? A. Life in Britain B. Back in Britain C. Britain in Future D. Britain in Memory C Harvard(哈佛大学)researchers have created a tough , low-cost, biodegradable(可生物降 解的) material inspired by insects’ hard outer shells. The material’s inventors say it has a number of possible uses and someday could provide a more environmentally friendly alternative(替代物) to plastic. The material, made from shrimp(虾) shells and proteins 蛋白质) ( produced from silk, is called “shrilk.” It is thin, clear, flexible and strong. A major benefit of the material is its biodegradability. Plastic’s toughness and flexibility represented a revolution in materials science during the 1950s and 60s. Decades later, however, plastic’s very durability(耐用性) is raising questions about how appropriate it is for one-time products such as plastic bags, or short-lived consumer goods, used in the home for a few years and then cast into a landfill(垃圾堆)where they will degrade(退化)for centuries. What is the point of making something that lasts 1,000 years?

Shrilk not only will degrade in a landfill, but its basic components are used as fertilizer(肥料), and so will enrich the soil. Shrilk has great potential, the inventors said. Materials from which it is made are plentiful in nature, found in everything ranging from shrimp shells, insect bodies to living plants. That makes shrilk low cost and its mass production possible should it be used for products demanding a lot of material. Work on shrilk is continuing in the lab. The inventors said the material becomes flexible when wet, so they’re exploring ways to use it in wet environments. They’re also developing simpler production processes, which could be used for non-medical products, like for computer cases and other products inside the home. They’re even exploring combining it with other materials, like carbon fibers, to give it new qualities. 64. What is mainly talked about in paragraph 2? A. A major benefit of shrilk is its biodegradability. B. The advantages of plastics brought a revolution. C. It will take centuries for plastic products to degrade. D. It is unnecessary to make durable products(耐用品)for short use. 65. According to the inventors, shrilk has great potential partly because __________. A. it can help plastic degrade B. it can be found in living things C. its mass production has been realized D. its raw materials are abundant(丰富的)in nature 66. What axe the inventors doing in the lab? A. Replacing carbon fibers with shrilk. B. Testing shrilk’s use in wet conditions. C. Making shrilk out of used household goods. D. Improving shrilk’s flexibility for medical purposes.
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D Do you know how it is when you see someone yawn (打哈欠) you start yawning too? Or and how hard it is to be among people laughing and not laugh yourself? Well, apparently it’s because we have mirror neurons(神经元)in our brains. But simply, the existence of mirror neurons suggests that every time we see someone else do something, our brains imitate(模仿)it , whether or not we actually perform the same action. This explains a great deal about how we learn to smile, talk, walk, dance or play sports. But the idea goes further: mirror neurons not only appear to explain physical actions, they also tell us that there is a biological basis for the way we understand other people. Mirror neurons can undoubtedly be found all over our brains, but especially in the areas which relate to our ability to use languages and to understand how other people feel. Researchers have found that mirror neurons relate strongly to language. A group of researchers discovered that if they gave people sentences to listen to (for example: “The hand took hold of the ball”), the same mirror neurons were triggered as when the action was actually performed (in this example, actually taking hold of a ball). Any problems with mirror neurons may well result in problems with behavior. Much research suggests that people with social and behavioral problems have mirror neurons which are not fully functioning. However, it is not yet known exactly how these discoveries might help find

treatments for social disorders. Research into mirror neurons seems to provide us with even more information concerning how humans behave and interact. Indeed, it may turn out to be the equivalent(相等物)for neuroscience of what Einstein’s theory of relativity was for physics. And the next time you feel the urge to cough in the cinema when someone else does—well, perhaps you’ll understand why. 67. Mirror neurons can explain . A. why we cry when we are hurt B. why we cough when we suffer from a cold C. why we smile when we see someone else smile D. why we yawn when we see someone else stays up late 68. The underlined word “triggered” in the third paragraph probably means “ ”. A. set off B. cut off C. built up D. broken up 69. We can learn from the passage that mirror neurons . A. relate to human behavior and interaction B. control human physical actions and feelings C. result in bad behavior and social disorders D. determine our knowledge and language abilities 70. What is the passage mainly about? A. Ways to find mirror neurons. B. Problems of mirror neurons. C. Existence of mirror neurons. D. Functions of mirror neurons.
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第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 “You do not need to be a rocket scientist.” Americans hear these words often. People say them in schools,offices and factories. Broadcasters on radio and television often use them. How did the expression begin? No one seems to know it,__71__“It grew,”he says, “Because rocket scientists probably are the most intelligent people around.” Not everyone would agree. Some people might be considered more intelligent than rocket scientists, for example, a person who speaks fifteen languages, or a medical doctor who operates on the brain. Still, many people would agree that there is something special about scientists who build rockets.__72__ Moving pictures from before World War Ⅱ showed a man named Buck Rogers landing on the planet Mars. He was a hero who could withdraw any enemy (敌军) from outer space. The rocket scientist is a different kind of hero.__73__ Rocket scientists, however, can have problems just like everyone else. A Washington rocket scientist told about a launch (发射) that was put off many times. Finally,everything seemed right. Mechanical failures had been repaired. The weather was good. The scientists had planned that part of the rocket would fall into the ocean after the launch. All the ships and boats within many kilometers of the danger areas had been warned. But in the last few seconds a small boat entered the area.__74__ __75__ One scientist said, “As a child I loved to build the rockets. Now I am a grown- I up.

still love to build rockets. And now I get paid for it.” A.He or she makes space travel possible. B.It's dangerous for rocket scientists to build rockets. C.Maybe it has something to do with the mystery of space travel. D.When the work goes well, most rocket scientists enjoy their jobs. E.Have you ever heard of the space travel? F.But an official of the American space agency, NASA, says the expression just grew. G.Once again, the launch was put off.

高二(

)班

姓名

成绩

第二卷(共35分)
第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 请修改下面的短文。短文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一 个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。 Dear Ms. Smith, I am secretary of the City Student Union (CSU). We were organizing an art exhibition

for high school students in city. This will be held on the 9th of July in the Exhibition

Hall of Beihai. More than 1,000 painting will be on show, but high school students and

teachers from all the eight districts will come to the event. As you are very popularly

with us Chinese high school students, we'd like to invite for you to the exhibition. We

would be grateful when you could join them that day.

Looking forward to hear from you soon. Yours, Li Ming

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是李华,下学期升入高三后,老师和家长都想让你住校(to board)学习,而你 却不愿意,双方各持己见。请用英语把这个情况写信告诉中学生英语报请求帮助。有关信息 如下: 老师和家长的理由 1. 方便问问题; 2. 节省路上的时间; 3. 培养独立生活的能力。 你的理由 1. 有更好的学习环境; 2. 学习内容可以自由决定。

注意: 1. 词数不少于 60,信的开头和结尾已为你写好; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear Sir, I’ll be a student of Senior 3 next term.

Yours, Li Hua

瓜州县第一中学 2012-2013 学年度高二年级第二学期 3 月月考英语试卷试题 参考答案及评分标准
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 1~5 ACCBC 第二节(共 15 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 6~20 CACBA BAACC ACACA 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21~35 CBBAD BDBAA DCCCD 第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 36~40 BADBC 41~45 ACBDC 46~50 第三部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,共 30 分) 56~70 CBDCA BCBDD BCAAD 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 71~75 FCAGD 第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 处错误;每错 1 分,满分 10 分) 第二句:① were →are; ② in 后加 the 第三句:③ This →It 第四句:④ painting →paintings;⑤ but →and 第五句:⑥ popularly →popular; ⑦ 去掉 for 第六句:⑧ when →if; ⑨ them →us DABCD 51~55 CBACD

第七句:⑩ hear →hearing 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 一、评分原则: 1. 本题总分为 25 分,按 4 个档次给分。 2. 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言质量初步确定其档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡 量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。 3. 评分时应考虑:内容要点完整性、上下文的连贯、词汇和句式的多样性及语言的准 确性。 4. 拼写、标点符号或书写影响内容表达时,应视其影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及 词汇用法均可接受。 5. 词数少于 60,从总分中减去 1 分。 二、One possible version: Dear Sir, I’ll be a student of Senior 3 next term. My parents and teachers ask me to board in the school, but I’d like to come back home after school. So I am writing to tell you about our discussion about it. They say if I board in school, it will be very convenient for me to ask questions whenever and

wherever, and it will save a lot of time spent on the way. Besides, I can also develop the ability to look after myself. However, I have my own thought. Staying at home in the evening will guarantee me a much quieter place for study. At the same time, I can learn what I think I’m not good at; I really don’t know what to do. Please give me your advice! Yours, Li Hua 【听力原文】 (Tex t 1) M: Your apartment always looks so good, so spotless and mine is such a mess. W: I’ve been at the lab all the week. It is my roommate’s doing. (Text 2) M: I am running out of coins doing my laundry. W: That’s too bad. (Text 3) M: It’s a shame that you didn’t win your tennis match. M: I might have won if I listened to my coach. (Text 4) M: The Variety Theatre finally went out of business. W: Well, that’s not a surprise. It was the worst one in town. (Text 5) M: Shall we run around the park or go for a bike ride? M: It makes no difference to me. They are both good activities. (Text 6) W: I feel terrible. I really need to relax. Do you know any good ways to fight stress? M: Yeah, in fact, I read in a health magazine that you should drink two cups of lemon tea every day to fight stress. W: Lemon tea? M: That’s right. Lemon tea makes you feel more relaxed. And also, you should eat low stress foods like apples and grapes. W: Sounds very strange, I guess hamburgers and French fries cause stress, right? M: Yep. Hamburgers are high stress food. W: Well, I guess I need to change my diet. (Text 7) W: Do you know Tom? W: Tom what? M: Tom Smith. W: No. But I know a Tim Smith. M: Oh, yes, you are right. It was Tim Smith I meant. You know what happened to him the other day? No, what happened then? M: Well, he told me he saw his dead grandfather in London. W: Oh, come on. You are not telling a ghost story, are you? M: But he told me it was true. You see, his grandfather used to be an army officer during the war. And because he didn’t return home after the war, everybody though t he had been killed in the

war. W: But then, he suddenly appeared alive, like in those films. M: Exactly. Tom, oh no, Tim, told me that by chance he saw an old man at the railway station selling newspapers. And he was surprised to see someone like his grandfather in a picture he had seen. So naturally he went to the man and asked him whether his name was Smith. And the man, I mean, his grandfather, said yes, and after that everything happened just like a film. W: Amazing. But why didn’t the old man go back to his hometown after the war? M: Well, that’s another long story. I’ll tell you later. (Text 8) W: Now, Mr. Martin. I’ve just read your own doctor’s report. So you haven’t been feeling very well lately, is that right? M: It’s...it’s my leg, doctor. My right leg. I keep getting a strange pain in it. W: Could you tell me what the pain is like? M: It’s like....like boiling water running down my leg. It’s been getting worse lately, too. I’ve been losing sleep. W: You mean the pain’s been keeping you awake? M: Yes, that’s right. It’s been keeping me awake. W: Now, tell me, how long have you had this trouble? M: The pain? For about a year now. W: Hmm...Have you been getting tired lately after you have had a walk? For example, have you been getting a big short of breath, perhaps? M: Why, yes! Yes, I have, doctor! W: Hmm...I think we’d better give you a few tests here in the hospital. M: Do you think it’s serious, doctor? W: Probably not. But...Doctor Cook, my local doctor, thinks it’s only that I’ve been working too hard lately. W: That could be the reason. Don’t worry, we’ll find out soon. (Text 9) W: Why do we have to walk to the station? And where is it? M: It’s just down that road...I think. W: Look! There’s a policeman! Ask him the way. M: All right. I’ll go and ask him. (Pause for 6 seconds) W: So, what did he say? M: Well, we have to walk down this road, take the first turning on the left. Then walk until we come to the river and... W: The river? M: Yes. It’s over there, and there’s a bridge. Across the bridge, we will be able to see some road signs which will tell us the way. W: But how far is it? How long does it take to walk there? M: About fifteen minutes, if we walk quickly. W: Fifteen minutes! We may be late for the train. And with these heavy bags, too! I think we ought to take a taxi. M: Not at this hour. Look at the traffic. It’s moving very slowly. We can get there just as quickly

on foot. W: Well, I can’t possibly carry this bag any farther. M: All right. Let me take it, then. W: Don’t be silly. You can’t carry two bags at the same time. M: Yes, I can. The bags aren’t that heavy...hmm! W: You see! They’re heavier than you thought! M: Perhaps it’s not such a bad idea after all. W: What isn’t such a bad idea? What do you mean? M: Taxi! Taxi! (Text 10) When you take a walk a in any of the cities in the west, you often see a lot of people walking with dogs. It is still true that the dog is the most useful and faithful animal in the world .But the reason why people keep a dog have changed ,In the old days ,people used to train dogs to protect themselves against the attacks by other beasts. And later they came to realize that the dog was not only useful for protection but willing to obey their master. For example, when people used dogs for hunting, the dogs would not eat without permission what they caught. But now people in the city need not protect themselves against attacks of animals. Why do they keep dogs then? Some people keep dogs to protect themselves from robbery, but the most important reason is for companionship. For a child, a dog is his best friend when he has no friends to play with; for a young couple, a dog is their child when they have no children; for old couples, a dog is also their child when their real children have grown up. So the main reason why people keep dogs has changed from protection to friendship.


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