当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 6


高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修四 Module 6
知识详解 1 claim v. 声称;主张;要求;索赔 n. 断言;权利;要求权;所有权 (回归课本 P52)Although no one really got a clear look at the mysterious creature,Xue Junlin,a local photographer,cla

imed that its head looked like a horse.尽管没有人看清楚过这个神秘的怪 物,但当地一位摄影师薛俊林声称:怪物的头看起来像马头。 11 归纳总结 例句探源 ① (朗文 P318)They put in a claim on the insurance for the stolen luggage. 他们在行李被偷后向保险公司提出索赔要求。 ② (朗文 P318)Lost property can be claimed between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.. 可于上午 10 点至下午 4 点之间认领失物。 ③ She claimed to have ever been met by the president. 她宣称曾被总统接见过。 ④ The old man claimed the land.老人要求得到这块土地。 易混辨析 claim,declare,announce claim 指通常并没有证据的宣称。

declare

一般指在正式场合宣布官方的立场或态度等。

announce

泛指宣布某一消息或某事;预示着……的到来。

① He claimed to have paid. ② The U.S. declared_war on England in 1812. ③ Everyone was silent as he announced the list. 即境活用 1.Every citizen in a democratic country may________the protection of the law. A.declare B.claim C.ask D.announce 解析:选 B。句意为“民主国家的每一位公民都可以要求法律的保护”。claim(根据权利)对…… 提出要求;declare 断言,宣称;announce 宣布,宣告,发表。 2.When I was a child,fishermen and sailors sometimes ________to have seen monsters in the sea. A.appeared B.published C.claimed D.happened 解析:选 C。句意是:当我还是个小孩子的时候,渔夫和水手有时声称看到过海里的妖怪。此 句要用 claimed 表示“声称”。 2 fortune n. 运气;命运;财富
-1-

(回归课本 P59)So the Chinese dragon was a bringer of good fortune. 因此,中国龙能带来好运气。 归纳总结 例句探源 ① He won the game by good fortune. 他靠运气赢得了比赛。 ② These two brothers decided to go to America to seek their fortunes. 这兄弟俩决定去美国寻找致富之路。 ③ Many people went to cities to make their fortune. 为了发财,很多人都去了城里。 ④ He’s fortunate in having a good job,since business is bad nowadays. 他有一份好工作真幸运,因为近来生意不好做。 即境活用 3.I have had the good________to work with some experts. A.worth B.fortune C.wealth D.reputation 解析:选 B。该处强调与专家一起工作是幸运的。worth“价值,财产”;wealth“财富,财产”; reputation“名誉”。 3 reputation n. 名誉;名声;声望;荣誉,信誉 (回归课本 P59)But in the west,dragons had a different reputation. 但是在西方,龙有着截然不同的名声。 归纳总结 例句探源 ① (朗文 P1674)Martin lived up to his reputation and arrived late. 马丁果然不出所料,姗姗来迟。 ② (朗文 P1674)His approach had won him a reputation as a tough manager. 作为经理,他的办事方法使他以强硬著称。 ③ The restaurant has a good reputation. 这家餐馆名声很好。 即境活用 4.I am surprised that a company with such good________would produce such poor quality goods. A.translation B.reputation C.population D.evolution 解析:选 B。句意是:拥有那样一个好的声誉的公司竟然生产出那样低劣的产品,我真是感到 惊奇。translation 翻译;reputation 声誉;population 人口;evolution 进化。 5.(南京市模拟)The girl has no________at all.She is still trying to please her boyfriend,even though he is so cold. A.character B.reputation C.dignity D.figure 解析:选 C。考查名词辨析。句意“这个女孩没有尊严可言。她还是想讨好她的男朋友,尽管 他是那么冷淡。”character“性格”;reputation“名声”;figure“身材”。 4 die out 灭绝;逐渐消失

-2-

(回归课本 P56)Perhaps too much fighting caused the dinosaurs to die out. 或许是因为太多的争斗使恐龙灭绝了。 归纳总结 例句探源 ① (朗文 P559)If the ocean becomes too salty, certain types of marine life die out. 如果海水盐分太大,一些海洋物种就会灭绝。 ② Many old customs are gradually dying out. 许多旧习俗都在日渐消失。 ③ The music died away as we closed the door. 由于我们关上门了,音乐声变弱了。 ④ The animals are dying off because of the destruction of the forests. 由于森林被破坏,动物在逐渐死去。 ⑤ The storm has died down. 暴风雨已渐渐停了。 即境活用 6.If too many of these rare animals are killed,their species will die________. A.away B.off C.out D.down 解析:选 C。句意“如果这些稀有动物过多地被杀,这些物种将会灭绝。” 7.(湖北天门中学模拟)On the Eve of the Spring Festival,we Chinese people like to play with fireworks,and the noise doesn’t________until after midnight. A.die away B.die off C.die out D.die down 解析:选 D。考查动词短语。“在除夕夜,我们中国人喜欢燃放烟花,鞭炮声就是过了半夜也 不会减弱。” 5 come straight to the point 谈正题;开门见山 (回归课本 P58)I’ll come straight to the point. 我这就谈正题。 归纳总结 to the point 切题,中肯, off the point 偏离要点,离题, on the point of 就要……的时候, there’s no point(in)doing sth.做某事没有意, when it comes/came to the point 到了关键时刻,到该做决定时 例句探源 ① Let’s come straight to the point—when will you pay the money back to me? 我们开门见山地说吧——你什么时候还我钱? ② The letter was short and to the point. 这封信简短而切中主题。 ③ Your criticism is off the point. 你的批评离题了。 ④ When it comes to the point,I am prepared to resign over this. 到了关键时刻,我愿为此辞职。 ⑤ There’s no point in discussing it any further.再议论下去也没多大意义。

-3-

即境活用 8.The police have been looking into the case and recent investigations have________how the two men died. A.thrown light on B.had an effect on C.turned a blind eye to D.come to the point 解析:选 A。句意是:警方一直在调查这起案件,最近的调查已经弄清楚了这两个人是如何死 的。此句要用 throw light on 表示“阐明某事,弄清楚……”。B 项“对……有影响”;C 项“对…… 视而不见”;D 项“谈正题”。 6 due to 由于;因……造成;应给的;即将的;预期做 (回归课本 P59)Some experts believe it is due to the animals the myths grew out of. 一些专家认为这是由这些神话产生的动物造成的。 归纳总结 例句探源 ① His illness was due to bad food. 他的病是吃坏了的食物造成的。 ② The professor is due to make a speech this Friday. 教授预期在星期五作演讲。 ③ (牛津 P621)Have they been paid the money that is due to them? 他们应得的钱付给他们了吗? ④ The train has been cancelled due to circumstances beyond our control. 由于一些我们不能控制的情况,这班火车已被取消了。 即境活用 9.Accidents________driving at high speed were very common that weekend. A.because of B.owing to C.thanks to D.due to 解析:选 D。句意“那个周末因高速驾驶而造成的事故很普遍。” 10.The next train to London is________to arrive at 4 o’clock. A.owing B.due C.possible D.thanks 解析:选 B。be due to do“预定要做”。句意“下一趟火车预定四点到达伦敦。” 1【教材原句】 He claims to have seen a round black creature moving quickly through the water.(P52) 他声称看见一个黑黑的、圆圆的动物在水中快速游动。 【句法分析】 本句中的 to have seen 是动词不定式的完成形式,表示动作发生在句子谓语动 词 claim 之前。 不定式的时态有三种: (1)不定式的一般式:to do。表示与谓语动词同一时间发生或动作发生在谓语动词之后。 (2)不定式的进行式:to be doing。表示与谓语动词同一时间发生,并且动作正在进行。 (3)不定式的完成式:to have done。表示发生在谓语动词之前。 ① The teacher seemed to have known about it.老师好像已经知道这件事了。 ② I consider it a pity for you not to have attended our party. 我认为你没参加我们的聚会真是遗憾。

-4-

③ There is said to have been many people waiting to see him when he arrived.(=It’s said that there had been...) 据说他到达的时候已经有很多人在等着见他了。 ④ They seem/appear to have known the fact.(=It seems/appears that they have known the fact.)他 们好像已经知道了真相。 即境活用 11.To our surprise,the painting considered________should have won the prize. A.being copied B.having been copied C.to have copied D.to have been copied 解析: 选 D。 considered 是过去分词作定语修饰 the painting。 consider 后面要求接不定式作宾(主) 补,故可排除 A 和 B。the painting 和 copy 之间存在被动的关系,且 copy 动作发生在 consider 之前,故答案为 D。此句意为“令我们吃惊的是,那幅被认为是抄袭的绘画作品竟获了奖。” 12.AIDS is said________the biggest health challenge to both men and women in that area over the past few years. A.that it is B.to be C.that it has been D.to have been 解析:选 D。根据后面的时间状语 over the past few years 知,此处用完成式。sb.be said to do 表示“……据说做某事”的意思。 2【教材原句】 They say that the lowtemperature lake is unlikely to be able to support such large living creatures.(P52) 他们说,水温这样低的湖泊不可能生存有体形如此巨大的动物。 【句法分析】 (1)本句可以转化为:They say that it is unlikely that the lowtemperature lake is able to support such large living creatures. (2) 本句使用了 be unlikely to do sth.这一结构,它的用法等同于 be likely to do sth.。主要有下 述用法: 主语(具体人/物)+be (un)likely to do sth. It(形式主语)+be (un)likely to do sth. It(形式主语)+be (un)likely+thatclause 【注意】 likely 与 unlikely 不能用于 It’s likely/unlikely for sb.to do sth., 而 possible 与 probable 是可以用于 It’s possible/probable/impossible for sb.to do sth.。另外,(be)possible 与(be)probable 的主语不能是具体的某人或某物。 ① Look at the clouds!It’s likely to rain. 看那些乌云!天可能要下雨。 ② It’s too late.He is unlikely to come. 太晚了。他不可能来了。 ③ It’s likely that we will beat them since we have practiced a lot. 因为我们做了大量练习,很可能我们会打败他们。 ④ He is ill seriously so that it’s unlikely that he will attend the party. 他病得很严重所以他不可能参加这个晚会。 即境活用 13.—Did you look up the time of trains to Shanghai? —Yes,the earliest train is________to leave at 5∶ 30 a.m.. A.likely B.about C.possible D.due

-5-

解析:选 D。be due to do 意为“应该……/预期的”;be about to do 不和时间状语连用;possible 主语应为 it;而 likely 与句意不符。 14.(高考陕西卷)Studies show that people are more________to suffer from back problems if they always sit before computer screens for long hours. A.likely B.possible C.probable D.sure 解析:选 A。句意:研究表明如果总是长时间地坐在电脑屏幕前,人们的背部很有可能会出现 毛病。本题考查表示“可能性”的三个形容词 possible,probable,likely 在搭配上的区别: ① It is possible/probable/likely that 从句; ② It is possible for sb.to do sth.; ③ Sb./Sth.is likely to do sth.; 综上所述,正确答案为 A 项。

-6-


相关文章:
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 1
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 1_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考...6.One thousand dollars a month is not a fortune but would help cover my...
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修3Module 6
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修3Module 6_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考...4.The new apartment built a few months ago is large enough to___over two...
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 5
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 5_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考...即境活用 6.The house still needed a lot of work,but___the kitchen ...
打印高三英语一轮(外研版)复习:必修4 Module 6综合测试
打印高三英语一轮(外研版)复习:必修4 Module 6综合测试_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。第一部分 Ⅰ.语法填空,单句训练 必修四 Module 6 1.He ___(claim...
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 3
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 3_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考...6.(高考湖北卷)Duty is an act or a course of action that people___you...
2017版高考英语(外研版)一轮总复习习题 必修4 Module 6 Word版含解析
2017版高考英语(外研版)一轮总复习习题 必修4 Module 6 Word版含解析_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。第一部分 Ⅰ.阅读理解 导学号 02280582 必修四 Module ...
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版选修6Module 1
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版选修6Module 1_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考...4.The captain ___ an apology to the passengers for the delay caused by...
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版选修6Module 6
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版选修6Module 6_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考...4.Danis is ___ hunting for a new job and has no eye for his wife and...
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 2
高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修4Module 2_英语_高中教育_教育专区。2012...6.完成句子 I’d like to see you ___. 我想在你方便的时候看看你。 答案...
更多相关标签: