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高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修5Module 2


高考英语一轮单元总复习讲义外研版必修五 Module 2
知识详解 1.offer v. (主动)提出(愿意做某事),提议,给予,提供 n. 出价,建议 (回归课本 P12)This person has offered to do a job—and may not be paid for doing it. 此人主动去做一份工作——而且可能不要报酬。 12 【归纳总

结】 【例句探源】 ① (朗文 P1355)They offered him a very good job but he turned it down.他们给他提供了一份很好 的工作,但他拒绝了。 ② The teacher offered a computer to his daughter as a present for her wedding. 这位老师给他的女儿一台电脑当做结婚礼物。 ③ The student offered to give me a hand when I was looking for my key everywhere. 当我四处寻找我的钥匙时,那位学生主动提出要帮我的忙。 ④ The businessman offered $2,000 for my vase. 那个商人出价 2,000 美元买我的花瓶。 ⑤ Thank you for your offer of help.感谢你提供帮助。 【易混辨析】 offer,provide,supply (1)offer“提供”,侧重主动给予,多指具体的事物。多用于:offer sb.sth.或 offer sth. to sb. (2)provide“供应,供给”,表示为应付某种需要而提供某物,所提供的东西一般是具体的事物, 也可以是帮助、经验、机会、答案、例子等抽象的东西。一般用于:provide sth.for sb.与 provide sb. with sth. (3)supply“补给,供给,提供”,只用于具体事物,侧重补充所需要的东西,有时可以与 provide 互换。经常用于:supply sth.to sb.或 supply sb.with sth.。 ① The factory supplied a uniform to each of its workers. ② I’ve been offered a job in advertising. ③ These letters should provide us with all the information we need. 【即境活用】 1.(东北师大附中模拟)Talented in skiing,he has hopes of being ________ for the national team. A.elected B.offered C.hired D.selected 解析:选 D。考查动词辨析。句意“在滑雪上面有天赋,他有希望被挑选进国家队。” 2.You ________ only half the price,how would the seller sell the jacket to you? A.spent B.paid C.charged D.offered 解析:选 D。spend 和 pay 后面不能直接跟 price,offer the price“出价”。 2.apply v. 申请;适用,应用;专心,集中精力 (回归课本 P15)Now think of some more questions to ask people applying for these jobs. 现在想出更多的问题来问申请这些工作的人们。 【归纳总结】 (1)apply to 适用于

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apply...to... 把……应用于…… apply to sb. for help 请求某人帮助 apply oneself to... 致力于…… apply for a job 申请工作 (2)application n.请求,申请,申请表,应用;应用程序,应用软件 applicant n. 申请人 【例句探源】 ① (高考天津卷)When Shaw lost his sight,his wife suggested he apply for a guide dog. 当萧失明后,他妻子建议他申领一个导盲犬。 ② The new technology has been applied to medical examination.这项新技术已被用于医学检查。 ③ You will only pass your exams if you really apply yourself to your study.你只有真正专心致志, 考 试才能及格。 【即境活用】 3.The questions on this part of the form only ________ married men. A.appeal to B.apply to C.refer to D.stick to 解析:选 B。句意“这些问题仅适用于已婚男人”。 4.(山东青岛模拟)Peter has been out of work for half a year,so he wants to ________ a job in this company. A.prepare for B.apply for C.superior to D.object to 解析:选 B。句意:彼得失业已有半年了,因此他想在这家公司申请这个职位。prepare for 准 备;apply for 申请;superior to 是形容词短语,“比……优越”;object to 反对。只有 apply for 符合本题要求。 3.require v. 需要,要求,命令 (回归课本 P18)SALES STAFF required in well-known clothes shop.著名的服装公司招聘销售人员。 【归纳总结】 【例句探源】 ① All the passengers are required to show their tickets. 所有乘客都必须出示车票。 ② The teacher required that all the students (should)hand in their homework before 5 p.m.. 老师要求全体同学于下午 5 点前上交作业。 ③ (朗文 P1737)Most house plants require good light and regular watering. 大多数室内盆栽植物需要良好的光照和经常浇水。 ④ (高考江苏卷)Children 15 years of age and younger require only a birth certificate or copy. 十五岁或以下的儿童只要求出生证或复印件。 【即境活用】 5.It is ________ in the regulations that you ________ other people the password of your e-mail account. A.required;not tell B.hoped;not tell C.required;not to tell D.hoped;not to tell

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解析:选 A。require 要求后面的宾语从句的谓语使用(should)do 形式。 6.完成句子 My mobile phone ________________ at once. =My mobile phone ________ to be ________ at once. 我的手机需要马上修一下。 答案:requires repairing;requires;repaired 4.demand n. 要求,需求;所需之处 v. 需要,要求 (回归课本 P19)But there will also be a rise in the demand for health care professionals. 而对健康护理专家的需求也将会增长。 【归纳总结】 【例句探源】 ① (牛津 P530)I demand to see the manager. 我坚决要求见经理。 ② The students demand an immediate reply of/from the headmaster.学生们要求校长立刻答复。 ③ He demands that I should return his book before Friday. 他要我星期五前归还他的书。 ④ Harry Potter is in great demand at the moment. 《哈利· 波特》目前十分畅销。 ⑤ It is impossible to satisfy all demands. 满足所有需求是不可能的。 【易混辨析】 demand,request,require,ask 这四个动词均有“要求,请求”之意。 (1)demand 一般指理直气壮地提出强烈要求,或坚持不让对方拒绝的要求。 (2)request 是正式用词,指非常正式、有礼貌的请求或恳求,多含担心因种种原因对方不能答 应的意味。 (3)require 强调根据事业、需要或纪律、法律等而提出的要求。 (4)ask 属普通用词,指向对方提出要求或请求,长晚辈、上下级之间都可使用。 ① She asked that she should be kept informed. ② The wearing of seat belts is required by law. ③ All members of the club are requested to attend the annual meeting. ④ The President demanded the release of the hostages. 【即境活用】 7.They demanded that the books ________ to the library at once. A.return B.should return C.be returned D.would be returned 解析:选 C。demand 后接宾语从句时,从句中的谓语应用“(should)+动词原形”形式,又因句 中 books 与 return 之间存在被动关系,因此用被动语态。 8.It was demanded that we ________ in our papers before Friday. A.handed B.hand C.will hand D.have handed 解析:选 B。此处是 demand 的被动结构,同样要求后面的从句谓语用(should)do 形式。 5.have an effect on 对……产生影响

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(回归课本 P13)This last experience had a profound effect on Timoteo.最后的这次经历对铁穆特欧 产生了重大影响。 【归纳总结】 【例句探源】 ① Holding the Olympic Games has a good effect on the development of China. 举办奥运会对中国的发展有很好的影响。 ② The medicine failed to take effect.这药没见效。 ③ A new system of taxation will come into effect/be brought into effect.一种新的税制将要实行。 【即境活用】 9.The talk between the headteacher and me had much effect ________ my study. A.in B.on C.to D.at 解析:选 B。have much effect on“对……有很大影响”。 10.完成句子 The heavy snow ________________________ traffic on the freeway. 这场大雪对高速公路的交通产生巨大影响。 答案:had a great effect on 6.in response to 作为……的回应 (回归课本 P18)I am writing in response to your advertisement for a temporary position as a waiter. 我现在写信是为了应聘你们登广告要招的临时服务生的工作。 【归纳总结】 【例句探源】 ① The film star made no response to the question asked by that reporter.这位电影明星对那个记者 的问题未作回答。 ② (朗文 P1681)The law was passed in response to public pressure.在公众压力下该法规获得通过。 ③ He responded to his boss,“I have given John a month’s notice.” 他回答老板:“我已经通知约翰一个月后他将被辞退。” 【即境活用】 11.(江苏四市调研)Nowadays,many people walk to work ________ Copenhagen Conference calling for living a low-carbon lifestyle to cope with global warming. A.in relation to B.in response to C.in addition to D.in opposition to 解析:选 B。考查介词短语。句意“如今,许多人走路上班来响应哥本哈根会议应对全球变暖, 低碳生活方式的呼吁。” 句型梳理 1.【教材原句】 Although there is not a lot of traffic,on average,one vehicle comes off the road every two weeks.(P12) 尽管交通量不大,但平均每两周就有一辆车驶出公路。 【句法分析】此处 although 引导让步状语从句。注意此类从句中主句不用 but,但可用 yet。 ① Although his business is small,(yet)he makes good bread. 他的生意规模虽小,收入可观。 ② Although she is young,she is very independent. 虽然她很年轻,但是很有主见。 【注意】 although,though,as 均可引导让步状语从句。although 引导的从句只能用正常语

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序。as 或 though 从句一般放在主句之前,常用倒装语序。从句中的表语、状语或动词原形置 于句首。若表语是单数名词,前置时要省略冠词。 注意比较下面的说法: (√)Smart though/as she is,she doesn’t study hard. (√)Though she is smart,she doesn’t study hard. (√)Although she is smart,she doesn’t study hard. (× )Smart although she is,she doesn’t study hard. 【即境活用】 12.We had to wait half an hour ________ we had already booked a table. A.since B.although C.until D.before 解析:选 B。although 引导让步状语从句,意为“虽然”,句意:虽然我们订了座位,但是我们 不得不等半小时。since 表示“自从”;until 表示“直到”;before 表示“在……之前”。 13.Young ________ he is,he knows a great deal about advanced technology. A.as B.although C.so D.yet 解析:选 A。句意:他虽然年轻,但对先进的技术了解甚多。young as he is=although/though he is young,相当于一个让步状语从句。 2. 【教材原句】 He was driving a lorry load of bananas when he came off the road at a bend and fell three hundred metres down the mountain.(P13) 他正驾驶着一辆满载香蕉的卡车,突然在一个拐弯处偏离了车道,坠落到山下 300 米处。 【句法分析】 when 在本句中为并列连词,意为“就在那时”,相当于 and at that time。 when 用作“就在那时”时,常用于下列句型中: (1)Sb.was doing sth. when...某人正在做某事,就在那时…… (2)Sb. was about to do sth.when...=Sb. was on the point of doing sth. when...某人正要做某事,就 在那时…… (3)Sb.had (just)done sth. when...某人刚做完某事,就在那时…… ① He was doing his homework when the lights went out. 他正在写作业,就在那时灯灭了。 ② She was about to raise her hand when class was over. 她正要举手,就在那时下课了。 ③ He had just sent an e-mail to his friend on the Internet when his computer broke down. 他刚给他朋友发了封电子邮件,就在那时电脑出故障了。 【即境活用】 14.On a rainy day I was riding my bike to pick up my son ________ a terrible accident happened ahead. A.who B.which C.while D.when 解析:选 D。句意“在一个下雨天我正在骑自行车去接我儿子,这时前面突然出了个事故。” 15.I had just stepped out of the bathroom and was busily drying myself with a towel ________ I heard the steps. A.while B.when C.since D.after 解析:选 B。句意“我刚从浴室出来忙着用毛巾擦身子这时我听到有脚步声。”

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