金山区 2012 学年第一学期末考试高三英语试卷
(本卷满分 150 分；完卷时间 120 分钟） 第 I 卷（共 105 分） I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: in Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers
. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. He has to take medicine. C. He doesn't feel well. 2. A.The machine is out of order C. There isn't enough time to fix it. 3. A. A bus station. 4. A. Mr. Green. B. An airport. B. Mrs. Green. B. He needs an operation. D. He hAs no time to have a good rest. B. It isn't placed right. D. A nEw machine will replace the old one. C. A suPer highway. C. Dr. MuEller. B. They always watch TV. D. They like the advertisements best. B. She wrote hER friend a letter. D. She asked her friend to come. C. $20. D. $60. D. A train station. D. Mrs. Pennington.
5. A. They enjoy watching TV. C. They find TV uninteresting. 6. A. She went to the centre with her friend. C. She told her friend to call Her later. 7. A. $100. B. $40.
8. A. She thinks the man needs a vacation. B. She thinks the man shoULD BE PREPARing for his tests. C. She thinks the man dOEsn't need to worry about his exams. D. She's not interested in surfing. 9. A. Use a different phone. C. Ask Tom to call the secretary. 10.A. He liked Canada in the winter. B. He liked Canada in spring, summer and fall. C. He liked Canada all year round. D. He did not like Canada. B. Wait until his secretary gets home. D. Leave before the phone rings.
Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Disappointed. B. Satisfied C. Angry D. Worried. 12. A. He checked out and left the hotel. B. All his things were stolen. C. His luggage was removed by mistake. D. He was robbed of his suitcase. 13. A. He was asked to leave the hotel. B. The receptionist was rude to him. C. All his things were in disorder. D. He was sent to dirty room. 14. A. He must be strong and under the age of sixteen. B. He has to be physically and mentally healthy and over seventeen years old. C. He must pay a certain amount of money and be old enough. D. He has to receive a training and pass a test. 15. A. There are more car accidents. B. There are more car jams. C. More roads are damaged. D. More parking places are deserted. 16. A. Train and bus services are becoming poorer. B. The roads are too crowded to drive. C. They are too young or too old to drive. D. It's difficult to take a bus or a train. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. The woman thinks that they need to take a _____17_____ . They would like to go camping in the _____18_____ . But they cannot leave _____19_____ . They Are sure that they will _____20_____ .
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage.
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. Why is the man in a hurry ? What does the expression "meet its Waterloo" mean? He is going to Hongkou _____21_____ . It means _____22_____ .
What does the man tell the woman not to lose? When will the match begin?
She shouldn't lose _____23_____ It will begin _____24_____ .
II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence.
25."We Chinese people always put empHasis on the friendly relationships ______ the people of
all countries," said the ambassador. A. with B. under C. To D. between
26.I need some carbon paper badly, but there is ________ at hand.
A. none B. no one C. nothing D. not anything
27.- Will you stay for the dinner?
-Sorry, _____ . The cookers I bought online will be sent to my house this afternoon. A. I can’t B. I mustn’t C. I needn’t D. I shouldn’t
28.This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen _____ comfortably.
A. is worn B. wears C. wear D. are worn
29.My little daughter has walked eight miles today. We never guessed that she could walk
________ far. A. that B. such C. / D. as
30.________ golf was first played in Scotland in the 15th century is generally agreed.
A. Whether B. Why C. That D. What
her way through the excited crowd in the bookstore, the woman writer is
by a group of admirers. A. To make B. Having made C. To be made D. making
32. __________ No matter how ________ , you can find something animate, a kind of
pLant, an animal or human being. A. may a desert be dry C. dry a desert may be B. a desert dry may be D. a desErt may be dry
33.We were aware that, ________ , the situation will get worse.
A. if not desiglili carefully C. if not carefully dealt with B. if dealt not carefully with D. if not carefully dealing with both countries
34.The Premier says that bilateral relations will grow smoothly and steadily ____
follow the principle contained in the Joint documents. A. as far as B. though C. unless
D. as long as
35.A total of 264,302 people in the country were reported _______ with HIV by the end of last
September. A. to have been infected C. to having been infected B. to be infected D. to have infected
news quickly spread ________China has successfully launched another manned
spaceship. A. which B. that C. when D. while
37.I was trying to pick up my hat that ________ off in the wind, but failed at last.
A. had been blown B. is bLown C. blown D. it had been blown
38.Funny animals is a term used in comics and animated cartoons ________ the animals are
given human characteristics. A. where B. that C. why D. as
39. The government has promised to do ________ lies in its power to relieve the hardships of the victims in the snow-stricken area. A. however B. wherever C. whatever D. whichever
40. ________ well in an interview made him lose the position in that company. A. Not doing B. Not to have done C. Having not done D. Doing not
Section B Directions: complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. desperation F. violently B. authorities G. financial C. diligently H. conclusion D. confusion i. devoted E. enrolled J. graduation
Seventeen years ago, when I was in military college, I was known as "the worrying wreck from Virginia Tech". I worried so 41 that I often became ill. In __42__ , I poured out my troubles
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to Professor Baird, professor of business administration. The fifteen minutes that I spent with Professor Baird did more for my health and happiness than all the rest of the four years i spent in college. ―Jim,‖ he said, "you ought to sit down and face the facts. If you __43__ half as much time and energy to solving your problems as you do to worrying about them, you wouldn't have any worries.‖ I figured that i had failed physics because I had no interest in the subject. But now I changed my attitude. I said to myself: ―If the college __44__ demand that I pass my physics examination before I obtain a degree, who am i to question their wisdom?‖ So I __45__ for physics again. This time I passed because instead of wasting my time in worrying about how hard it was, i studied __46__ . I solved my __47__ worries by taking on some additional jobs, such as selling punch at the college dances, and by borrowing money from my father, which i paid back soon after __48__ . As I look back at it now, I can see that My problem was one of __49__ , a lack of willingness to find the causes of my worry and face them realistically.
III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Google inc. introduced plans in June to offer 3-D maps of major cities and other new features for its popular Google Maps and Google Earth services. New features include the ability to 50 portions of Google Maps onto phones and other __51__ devices, with detailed data, so users can find their way around __52__ areas even if they don't have an active internet connection. Perhaps the most __53__ new feature was the detailed three-dimensional images that Google plans to offer for major cities in coming months. Google product manager Pater Birch explained that the company is using __54__ to obtain detailed images of every street and building in an area, from different __55__ , which are then compiled into images that appear to show height, depth and even architectural details of buildings and streets, __56__ landscape features such as trees. ―We're trying to create the effect that you are flying __57__ the city, almost as if you were in your own personal helicopter,‖ said Birch. Compiling those images __58__ extensive photographing and processing of mages, however. __59__ Birch promised to have images __60__ for several major cities in coming months, he and other Google officials did not offer a detailed timetable. Industry blogs have reported that Apple is preparing to __61__ its own maps and navigation service, including 3-D images. Analysts say the __62__ is part of a larger race between the two tech Giants to offer services that keep users __63__ and allow each company to deliver
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advertising or other products targeted to specific locations and other data on __64__ interests. 50. A. buy 51. A. expensive 52. A. familiar 53. A. interesting 54. A. computers 55. A. angles 56. A. except 57. A. over 58. A. spends 59. A. when 60. A. sold 61. A. introduce 62. A. image 63. A. busy 64. A. children's B. download B. useful B. unfamiliar B. impressive B. cameras B. parts B. except for B. below B. costs B. as B. available B. make B. competition B. convenient B. users' C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. use portable quiet ridiculous phones sides including through obtains while accessible draw service attractive managers' D. apply D. cheap D. busy D. surprising D. planes D. areas D. as well as D. in D. requires D. as long as D. vivid D. sell D. map D. engaged D. students'
Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) A major new development in system of work in Britain is taking place. Flexible working hours, or "Flextime", are catching on fast, and trend is continuing. In 1973, over 500 organizations had adopted the idea, and by 1974, this number had risen to over 200,000. Flexible working hours were invented in Germany in the late 1960's, but reached Britain only in 1972. The system allows workers to start and finish work whenever they want, with only two requirements. These are, firstly, that all workers must present for certain "key" times in the day, and secondly, that all workers must work an agreed total number of hours per week. The system had proved a total success wherever it has been tried. A survey of 700 workers on flexible hours showed three main advantages: a better balance between working and private life, avoidance of the need to travel during rush hours and the ability to finish a certain task before leaving. From the employer's point of view, the system tends to increase productivity, reduce labor
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hour turnover and give workers a greater sense of duty. At first, "Flexible" was mainly confined to white collar workers, but it is now applied to manual workers too. 65. According to "Flextime" system, workers need not A. work at the same time C. work hard ________ .
B. work all the weekdays D. ask for leave when being absen
66. ―Key‖ time is a period when __________. A. visitors come to the plants B. all workers must be at work C. employers go round in the workshops D. rush hours are over 67. No matter where it is used, this system has proved___________. A. entirely effective C. a complete failure B. totally correct D. quite difficult
68. One of the main advantages of ―Flextime‖ for workers is that they ___________. A. have a greater sense of duty B. can avoid busy traffic C. can get higher pay D. can avoid working hard
（B） Fastest Time to Run 100 Miles on a Treadmill (跑步机) The fastest time to run 100 miles on a treadmill by a team (of 12) is claimed at 9hr 5 min 17 sec by a team consisting of staff and prisoners at the Young Offenders Institute in Wigan to raise money for Children in Need. Largest Game of Chinese Whispers Sadly, the record attempt for the largest game of Chinese Whispers was unsuccessful on 13 November 2008. The existing record of 1330 children still remains. Fastest Mile with an Egg/Spoon in both hands The fastest mile egg and spoon race with both hands is 8 min 25 sec and was achieved by Ashrita Furman (USA) in an attempt broadcast by ESPN 260, at Disney’s Wide World of Sports, in Orlando, Florida, USA, on 13 November 2008.
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Longest Mexican Wave The record for the Longest Mexican Wave was attempted by 250,000 people on the streets of Adelaide on 8 November 2008 – sadly, the wave was not completed by all participants and the attempt was unsuccessful. The current record of 157, 574 remains. Largest Kebab (烤肉串) The longest kebab measures 2047.47 m (1.27 miles) and was achieved by the ArcelorMittal Newcastle Works on occasion of the company’s annual Community Day, in Newcastle, South Africa.
69. The above information is _________. A. a series of sports events B. a list of broken and unbroken records C. a report of funny sports items D. a description of challenging human limits 70. Which of the following can NOT be found in the information? A. The countries where the attempts were made. B. The persons who made the attempts. C. The reasons why some attempts failed. D. The present record for each item. 71. Which item was attempted individually? A. Fastest Time to Run 100 Miles on a Treadmill B. Largest Game of Chinese Whispers C. Fastest Mile with an Egg/Spoon in both hands D. Longest Mexican Wave
(C) Do you know how it is when you see someone yawn and you start yawning too? Or how hard it is to be among people laughing and not laugh yourself? Well, apparently it's because we have mirror neurons (神经元）in our brains. Put simply, the existence of mirror neurons suggests that every time we see someone else do something, our brains imitate (模仿)it, whether or not we actually perform the same action. This explains a great deal about how we learn to smile, talk, walk, dance or play sports. But the idea goes further: mirror neurons not only appear to explain physical actions, they also tell us that there
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is a biological basis for the way we understand other people. Mirror neurons can undoubtedly be found all over our brains, but especially in the areas which relate to our ability to use languages and to understand how other people feel. Researchers have found that mirror neurons relate strongly to language. A group of researchers discovered that if they gave people sentences to listen to (for example: "The hand took hold of the ball"), the same mirror neurons were triggered as when the action was actually performed (in this example, actually taking hold of a ball). Any problems with mirror neurons may well result in problems with behavior. Much research suggests that people with social and behavioral problems have mirror neurons which are not fully functioning. However, it is not yet known exactly how these discoveries might help find treatments for social disorders. Research into mirror neurons seems to provide us with even more information concerning how humans behave and interact (互动). Indeed, it may turn out to be the equivalent (相等物)for neuroscience of what Einstein's theory of relativity was for physics. And the next time you feel the urge to cough in the cinema when someone else does—well, perhaps you'll understand why. 72. Mirror neurons can explain _________. A. why we cry when we are hurt B. why we cough when we suffer from a cold C. why we smile when we see someone else smile D. why we yawn when we see someone else stay up late 73. The underlined word "triggered" in the third paragraph probably means ―_________‖. A. set off B. cut off C. built up D. broken up
74. We can learn from the passage that mirror neurons _________. A. relate to human behavior and interaction B. control human physical actions and feelings C. result in bad behavior and social disorders D. determine our knowledge and language abilities 75. What is the passage mainly about? A. Ways to find mirror neurons. B. Problems of mirror neurons. C. Existence of mirror neurons. D. Functions of mirror neurons.
Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. Be well-organized. B. Close with a Q & A. C. Don’t be contradictory . D. Bring it to a specific end. E. Speak slowly and pause. F. Drop unnecessary words.
Speaking to a group can be difficult, but listening to a bad speech is truly a tiresome task—especially when the speaker is confusing. Don’t want to confuse your audience? Follow these suggestions: 76. _______________ When it comes to understanding new information, the human brain needs a little time. First, we hear the words; then, we compare the new information to what we already know. If the two are different, we need to pause and think. But a breathless speaker never stops to let us think about what he or she is saying and risks confusing us. Slow it. 77. _______________ Sometimes we all start a sentence one way and then switch directions, which is very difficult to follow. When you confuse your listeners with opposing information, you leave the audience wondering what part of the information is right and what part they should remember. Instead of relying and keeping correcting yourself, work to get the facts clear and straight. 78. _______________ Jumping from point to point as it comes to your mind puts the onus (责任）on your listeners to make up for your lack of organization. And it’s confusing for them to listen, reorganize, and figure out what you’re saying all at once. But going smoothly from one point to the next helps them understand information more easily. You can arrange things from beginning to end, small to large, top to bottom or by some other order. Just be sure to organize. 79. _______________ Repeated use of um, ah, like, you know and some other useless noises can drive an audience crazy. It makes the speaker sound uncertain and unprepared, and it can leave listeners so annoyed that they can’t pay attention. Recently I attended a speech that was marked by so many ums that audience members were rolling their eyes. Was anybody grasping the intended message? Um, probably not.
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80. _______________ Many speakers finish up their speeches with question-and-answer (Q & A) sessions, but some let the Q & A go on without a clear end. The audience is often left confused about whether the meeting is over and when they can get up and leave. Do your listeners a favour by setting a time limit on questions, and close your speech with a specific signal—even if it’s something simple like, ―If you have any more questions, you know where to reach me.‖ Or even more to the point, conclude your speech with ―Thanks for your time. ‖ Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Phonxay is one of the poorest districts of Laos, and many of its villages are only accessible by footpath. Our destination this hot morning is a concrete water tank which was helped to build by a UK organization because of the lack of clean drinking water. The tank has made a big difference; it gives water to over 800 People. But lately, the clean water supply has come under pressure from new arrivals, people who have come down from the hill areas, and there will not be enough clean water to go round. There are also serious worries about resources in Laos. The Chinese are building a 400 km railway link, and about 150,000 Chinese workers will be involved. What will this do to local clean water supplies? How will the workers be fed? The vast majority of Laotians live on farms. But with foreign investors wanting to buy up land, local people will have to be moved to make room for them. Heavily dependent on both foreign aid and foreign investment, Laos still falls well behind its neighbours. Its biggest economic problem is the lack of locally trained skilled workforce. But there are reasons to be hopeful for the future. Laos is beautiful, and foreign tourism continues to grow. Although all local media are government-run, the Internet is not controlled and the BBC and CNN are Available to those with satellite dishes. The government has also achieved impressive results in rural development, with communities benefiting not just from cleaner water but the construction of new schools and regular visits from medical teams. Poverty will not be history in Laos within the next decade, but with small steps forward and a bit of outside help, the country could find itself out of the UN's least-developed category by 2020.
(Note: Answer the quesTlOns or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.)
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81. What is putting pressure on the local supply of clean water?
82. ____________________________ is the most serious limitation on Laos' economic growth. 83. Laos relies on ____________________________ to achieve the future development. 84. What kind of country is Laos according to the United Nations category? 第 II 卷（共 45 分） I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1．他曾在当地一所学校工作。（used to）
4．他若是想在下一届奥运会夺金的话，就要提高他的技术水平。（be to do）
5． 她注视着市长消失的那个出口， 然后环顾四周看看其他人对市长的缺席有何反。 （through）
II. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 你的表弟 Jack 即将踏入高中学习，你写信给他。信的内容应包括： 1． 简要描述你自己的高中学习生活。 2． 给他的高中生活提些建议。 （建议可包括：规划好日常生活、找到适合自己的学习方法、 多参加课外活动等……）
金山区 2012 学年第一学期期末考试 高三英语试题参考答案
I. Listening Comprehension Section A 1-5 CABDC 6-10 BDBCB Section B 11-13 BCC 14-16 BBD Section C 17. vacation 18. mountains 19. tonight 20. enjoy 21. Football Stadium 22. completely defeated 23. confidence 24. at 3:30 II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A 25-29 DAABA 30-34 CDCCD 35-40 ABAACA Section B 41-49 FAIBE CGJD III. Reading Comprehension Section A 50-54 BCBBD 55-59 ADADC 60-64 BABDB Section B 65 – 68 ABAB 69 – 71 BCC 72 – 75 CAAD Section C 76 – 80 ECAFD Section D 81. Fast growing population in the area. 82. The lack of skilled local workers. 83. beautiful scenery and continuously growing foreign tourism 84. A poor-developed country. I. Translation 1. He used to work at a local school. 2. A former classmate of mine wrote me a letter, telling me his thought of returning to the native land/motherland. 3. When (he was) asked why he was involved in the study, he kept silence (silent). 4. If he is to win the gold medal at the next Olympics, he needs to improve his technique. 5. She stared at the exit through which Mayor had disappeared and then looked around to see how others reacted to his absence. II. Guided Writing 略