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38 as soon as 一~就~ 39 as though 好像,仿佛 40 as to 至于,关于; 41 as well 也,一样 42 as yet 迄今,到目前为止 43 aside from 除┄之外; 44 associate … with…由……联想到……, 把……联系起来 45 association with 与……的交往 4

6 at a disadvantage 处于不利地位 47 at a loss 不知所措 48 at a time 每次,一次 49 at all 丝毫,根本; 50 at any moment 即使,随时. 51 at first 首先,开始的时候; 52 at large 未被捕获的,大多数; 53 at last 终于,最终; 54 at least 至少 55 at length 最终,详细地; 56 at most 最多 57 at no time 从不,决不 58 at one time 曾经,从前曾 59 at the cost of 以……为代价 60 at the least 至少; 61 at times 有时,间或; 62 at…speed 以……的速度 63 attend on 照顾,侍候; 64 attribute … to 把……归于 65 back up 后退,支持; 66 base on 基于 67 be able to 能够,胜任 68 be about to 正打算 69 be accustomed to 习惯于 70 be associated with 与……有关,与…… 有关系 71 be aware of 意识到; 72 be capable of 有能力干; 73 be caught 遇到,陷入 74 be committed to 被交给,答应承担义务;

1 a host of 大量 2 a test for 检测目的 3 a test on 对……进行测试 4 a test with 检测手段 5 above all 最重要的; 6 according to 根据 7 achieve equilibrium 取得平衡 8 achieve one's purpose 达到目的 9 achieve success 获得成功 10 achieve victory 获得胜利 11 act on 遵照┄行动,作用于; 12 act on 对…有影响 13 add up to 总计,合计 14 add… to 把…加到…. 15 adhere to 坚持,奉行; 16 after all 毕竟,均不合题意; 17 agree on 对……取得一致意见 18 agree to 同意 19 agree with sb. 同意某人的话 20 along with 和┄一道,和┄一起; 21 alternate (with) 交替; 22 amount to 合计,共计; 23 an equal to 与…(地位)相同的人/物, 24 and yet 然而 25 anything but 一点也不; 26 anything like 像……那样的东西 27 anywhere near 接近于 28 apart form 除……之外尚有 29 apply to 向……申请,适用于 30 appreciation of 对……的欣赏/赞赏 31 argue against 反对 32 as a result of 作为……的结果,由于 33 as a result( 作为结果,因此)表结果,用不 用逗号隔开看情况而定; 34 as a whole 作为一个整体,整个看来 35 as far as …/are concerned 就……而言 36 as for 至于,就…方面说 37 as if 好像,仿佛

75 be confined to 限制在,局限于; 76 be confined/be restricted 受……限制 77 be dedicated to 奉献,献给; 78 be devoted to 被用于,贡献给 79 be directed to 指向,针对 80 be drawn to 被┄所吸引; 81 be due to 由于,因此 82 be exposed to 暴露在┄下,处在┄的作 用之下; 83 be fond of 喜爱 84 be full of 充满他 85 be habitual to(him) 对(他来说)习以为常 86 be in order 合适,恰当. 87 be involved in 参与,参加; 88 be involved with 与……有关连, 89 be left to 由┄来决定,由┄来想办法; 90 be limited to 限制在┄,限定在┄; 91 be linked to/with something 与…连接 92 be proud of 为~而骄傲. 93 be referred to 被提及,被提交 94 be related to 与……有关 95 be sick of 厌恶┄,讨厌┄; 96 be subject to 经受,遭受; 97 be suitable for 适合于 98 be sure of 对┄的肯定; 99 be thrown in 额外赠送 100 be tied by/with 被……捆绑 101 be tied to 束缚于,捆绑于 102 be tired of 厌倦┄,厌烦┄; 103 behind time 晚点 104 belief in 对……的真实性或正确性具有 的信心 105 believe(… to be) 相信……是 106 better than 好于…… 107 beyond question 毋庸置疑 108 break away 脱离,逃跑 109 break down 损坏,分解,瓦解 110 break into 闯入 111 break in 强行进行,打断 112 break off 断绝,结束 113 break out 突发,爆发 114 break through 突破 115 break up 终止,结束,打碎 116 bring about 产生;

117 bring forward 提出. 118 bring out 使出现;公布;出版; 119 bring up 培养,养大; 120 by accident 偶然,含有不幸的因素 121 by all means 无论如何,必定 122 by chance 偶然,意外地 123 by choice 处于选择 124 by contrast 对比之下; 125 by means of 用,依靠; 借助于 126 by means of 借助于 127 by mistake 错误地 128 by the way 顺便提一下 129 by virtue of 凭借,借助;因为, 130 by way of 经由,通过…方式 131 call forth 唤起,引起 132 call for 邀请,要求,需要 133 call off 放弃,取消 134 call on/upon 访问,拜访 135 care for 照顾,关心 136 carry out 贯彻,执行,实现 137 cast light on 阐明某事; 138 catch up with 赶上; 139 catch sight of 看见; 140 center on 把┄集中在,以┄为中心; 141 characterized by 以┄为特征; 142 coincide with 与……相符 143 come from 来自,来源于; 144 come off 成功; 145 come on 涉及,谈及,到达,结束,总共,共 计,突然想起 146 come out 出版,出现,结局是 147 come to 等于,结果是; 总计,达到 148 come under attack 受到打击 149 come under 归人,受到 150 come up 发生,形成; 151 comment on 评论,发表意见; 152 commit to 交付,把……投入 153 comply with 遵守,服从; 154 conform to 遵守,符合,顺应 155 consist of 组成 156 consistent in 在(某方面)一致 157 consistent with 与……一致 158 contribute to 有助于 ,促进,加剧; 159 copy out 抄写;

160 correlate with 找出一一对应的关系 161 count on 指望; 162 cut away 砍掉; 163 cut down 削减; 164 cut off 打断,中断; 165 cut out 删掉; 166 dedicate …to 奉献; 167 depend on 依靠,依赖 168 die back 枯死; 169 die down 逐渐消失;止息; 170 die off 相继死去; 171 die out 消失;死绝; 172 difference in 在……方面的差别 173 do something for/to 改进,增强 174 doubt about 怀疑 175 due to 由于,因为 176 dwell on 利用 177 enter for 报名参加; 178 enter into 开始 (谈话,讨论) 179 entertain a proposal 愿意考虑这建设 180 entertain an idea 抱着一种想法 181 even if 甚至,即使 182 even though ( 虽然,尽管)表让步; 183 ever since( 自从之后,从此以后)表时间; 184 faithful to 忠心于 185 fall from 从…落下; 186 far from 毫不,远非 187 favor of 喜欢 188 figure out 计算出 189 find out 查明 190 focus on 集中于,集中研究 191 followed by 接着是; 192 for all 尽管; 193 for example 举例来说 194 for instance 和 such as 都表示举例, 前者常接句子,后者常接名词或名词短语; 195 for instance 例如 196 for the purpose of 为了┄目的; 197 for the sake of 为了……起见 198 frankly speaking 坦白来说 199 freedom from 免于……(的自由) 200 from all appearances 从所能见到和所 能知道的情况判断 201 from all sides 从四面八方,全面地

202 from now on 从现在开始 203 from/by all accounts 根据方面所说 204 gather up 拾起,集拢; 205 generally speaking 一般来说 206 get along with 进展,相处融洽 207 get away 逃脱,离开 208 get away 逃脱,离开 209 get down to 开始,着手 210 get in 进入,收获,收集 211 give in 妥协,让步,投降,屈服 212 give off 放出,释放 213 give out 分发,放出 214 give something away 泄露 215 give up 停止,放弃 216 give way 让路,让步 217 go beyond 超越,超过; 218 go by 从……旁走过,顺访 219 go for 追求 220 go in 进入,参加 221 go through 经历 222 hand on 传下来,依次传递 223 hand out 分发,散发 224 hand over 交出,移交 225 have a bearing on 与……有关系 226 have difficulty with 与-有分歧,相处不好 227 hold back 踌躇,退缩,阻止 228 hold down 控制 229 hold on to 紧紧抓住,坚持 230 hold on 继续,握住不放,坚持 231 hold out 维持,伸出,提出,坚持 232 hold up 保持良好,停止;阻滞 233 hold up 举起,承载,阻挡 234 if only( 要是,只要)表条件; 235 in use 在使用; 236 in … degree 在……速度上 237 in a sense ( 从某种意义上说)它可以放 在句首,句中或者句尾,一般不用逗号隔开; 238 in a state of 处于……的状态 239 in a way 从某一点上看 240 in accord with 与……一致 241 in addition to 除……之外,并且 242 in all 总共; 243 in any case 无论如何,不管怎样; 244 in case of 万一发生 …

245 in case 假使,以防; 246 in circles=in a circle 在原地兜圈子,毫 无进展 247 in consequence 因此; 248 in doubt 有怀疑 249 in effect ( 实质上,实际上)它在句中一般 不需要用逗号隔开; 250 in essence 实质上,本质上,根本上 251 in fact 实际上 252 in firm voice 用清晰,坚定的声音. 253 in general 总的来说,大体上; 254 in general 一般来说: 255 in line with 与┄一致,符合┄; 256 in mind 心里想着某人或某事; 257 in need of 需要 258 in no way 决不 259 in one's opinion 在某人看来 260 in one's terms 用……的话来说 in one's view 根据……观点 261 in one's way/in the way 妨碍,阻碍 262 in order to 为了 263 in order 整齐,恰当 264 in particular 尤其,特别; 265 in perspective 关系恰当地,观察合理 地; 266 in point of 说到,关于 267 in question 对… 表示 怀疑,有疑问 268 in reference to 关于,就┄而论; 269 in regard to 关于 270 in relation to 关于,至于; 271 in reply to 作为回答; 272 in response to 作为对┄的回答,作为 对┄的反应; 273 in return for 作为对┄的汇报/交换; 274 in short 总之,简言之; 275 in spite of 尽管; 276 in terms of 用┄的话;从┄方面来说; 277 in the analysis of 在对……进行分析 时 278 in the bargain 此外,还 279 in the case of 至于┄,就┄来说;就… 而论 280 in the company of 陪伴,伴随 ; 281 in the course of 在…过程中,在…期间

282 in the end 最后 283 in the event of 万一发生; 284 in the form of 以┄形状,以┄形式; 285 in the light of 鉴于,由于; 286 in the process of 在┄的过程中; 287 in time 后来渐渐,终于 ; 288 in turn 依次地,反过来; 289 in vain 徒劳 290 in whole 整个地 291 infuse … into 注入 292 insist on 坚持,一定要 293 instead of 代替 294 interest in 对……的兴趣 295 irrespective of 不顾的,不考虑的; 296 isolate …from 使~与~隔离;使孤立 ; 297 it used to be 过去的情况是…… 298 join in 参加(某种活动); 299 lay emphasis on 强调; 300 lay/put blame on 责怪,归咎于 301 lead off 开始; 302 lead on 继续引领; 303 lead out 开始; 304 lead to 导致; 305 less than 不如,少于 306 link together 联系在一起 307 long before 早在┄之前,很久以前 308 look on 旁观,观看 309 loyal to 忠诚于 310 make a step 走一步 311 make for 有助于,有利于; 312 make one's way 前进,行进 313 make out 弄懂;辨认,开出(支票,药方等 314 make sure 查明,弄确实; 315 make towards 朝…走去 316 make way 开路,让路 317 mean by ……的意思,……意味着 318 more … than 比……更……,与其 说……不如说……,不是……而是 319 more than 不仅,不止;多于… 320 much as( 虽然,尽管)表让步; 321 no less … than 和…一样…,既…又… 322 no more … than 既不会…也不会 323 not … but … 不是…而是… 324 now that( 既然,由于)表原因;

325 object to 反对; 326 of course 当然 327 on a large scale 大规模的(地) 328 on a national scale 在全国范围内 329 on account of 由于; 330 on average 按平均值,通常; 331 on behalf of 代表,为了; 332 on campus 在校园 333 on occasion 偶尔; 334 on radio 用无线电,通过广播; 335 on the average 按平均值,通常; 336 on the basis of 根据,在……的基础上 337 on the contrary 相反 338 on the grounds of 以……为理由 339 on the occasion of 在…场合,值之际; 340 on the other hand 另一方面 341 on the radio 通过广播,无线电广播中; 342 on the side 额外地,作为兼职; 343 on the side of 在… 一边 344on the whole 总的来看; 345 on time 准时; 346 one another 相互 347 one or other 不管哪一个 348 only if ( 只要,只有)表条件; 349 other than 除了,不同于; 350 out of step 不一致,不协调 351 out of the question 不可能的 352 out of use 不使用 353 owe …to… 把 …归功于 354 pass out 分发,分配;昏倒,死去; 355 pass off 中止,停止; 356 pass on 把…传递给另外一个人; 357 pass out 失去知觉,晕倒; 358 pay attention to 注意; 359 pay by check 用支票支付 360 pay in cash 或 pay cash 付现金. 361 pay off 赢利,取得好结果, 362 persist in 坚持 363 pick up 捡起,提高; 364 plan for 为┄订计划; 365 point to 指向; 366 properly speaking 正确(公正)地讲 367 provided that( 假若,倘如)表条件; 368 put together 加在一起;

369 put up with 忍受; 370 quite other 完全不同的 371 rather than ( 宁愿…)与其;是…而不是 372 refer to (… as) 提到,把……称为;参考 373 reflect discredit on 使丧失名誉 374 reflect on 思考,反省,怀疑 375 rely on 依靠,指望; 376 remove…from…把…从…去掉;撤职: 377 responsible for 对~负责. 378 result from 由…产生,因…而造成: 379 result in 导致 380 ripe for 为什么做好准备. 381 root out 发现 382 run a risk 意为"冒风险" 383 sacrifice something to 为……牺牲某事 384 secure sth. from attack 使……受攻击 385 set about 开始,着手 386 set aside 掩饰出,留出 387 set back 推迟,延缓;阻碍 388 set down 卸下,放下;记下 389 set forth 阐明,陈述 390 set off 出发,使爆炸 391 set out 陈列,显示,启程 392 share with 与┄分享; 393 shoot a film 拍摄一个镜头 394 side with 站在┄一边,支持; 395 similar to 与┄类似; 396 since then 从那时起 397 something like 大约,有几分像…… 398 sooner than 早于┄; 399 speed up 加速; 400 stand for 代表,意味着 401 step up 增加,加速 在 …方面不同. 402 stick to 坚持,坚持干,遵循; 403 stimulated by 受┄的刺激(或激励); 404 stir up 激起,引起,挑起; 405 such as 比方说,例如; 406 support for 对……的支持 407 sure enough 果然,果然不出所料; 408 take away 拿走,夺走; 409 take a step 采取措施; 410 take advantage of 利用. 411 take away 消耗,清除 412 take care of 照管;

413 take for 把┄看作,把┄误以为; 414 take in 接受,吸收,欺骗 415 take on 呈现,从事 416 take over 接管 417 take to 开始喜欢,开始从事,开始沉湎于 418 take up with 开始于~来往; 419 take up 专用 420 thanks to 由于,幸亏 421 the bulk of……的主要部分,大多数 422 the former…the latter…( 前者…,后者) 423 to … extent 在……范围,到……程度 424 to caution against 对……予以警告 425 to center around 以……为中心 426 to some extent 某种程度上,有一点 427 to such an extent that 到了程度,以至 428 to the extent 到……的程度 429 to the extent 到……的程度 430 to the extent 到……的程度 431 to turn something into 把……转换为 432 together with 一起 433 transition to 向……过渡,向……转变 434 turn away 转来脸去 435 turn over 把… 翻过 436 turn round 转过身来 437 turn to 求助于 438 turn up 意外地发生; 439 what is more 而且,再者 440 with regard to 关于,至于,就┄而论, 441 with that 说罢. 442 with the exception of 除┄外 443 with…speed 以……的速度 444 work away 一直在工作 445 work out 解决,算出,制定出 446 work up 逐步建立,逐步发展; 447 worse than 坏于…… 448 write away 不停地写 449 write in 提出书面要求 450 write off 报废;勾销 451 write on 写,记述 452 write out 写出,取消某角色开出(药方, 支票) 其他: learn ... by heart 用心学习 combine ... with ... 与... 结合

in that circumstances 如果那样的话 replace ... with ... 用... 代替... keep a record of 记录 comments on ... 关于... 的意见 at least 至少来源: expect of/from... 从... 当中期待 in return 作为回报 the survey on ... 关于... 的调查 differ in... 在... 不同 emerge from... 从... 出现 be satisfied with... play ... roles 扮演... 的角色 lean over... 弯下身子 俯身于... 之上 turn out 结果是,证明是 in silence 在沉默中 burst into laughter 突然笑出声来 concentrate on ... 全神贯注于... be replaced by 被... 所取代 for the purpose of... 为了..., 因... 起见 distinguish ... from ... 区分... 与... communicate with... 与... 交流 one another 彼此,相互 by means of... 用... 的方法 at the approach of... 在... 快到的时候 differ from... 与... 不同 for instance 举例来说 divide ... into ... 把... 分成... enable sb. to do ... 使某人能够做某事 wave goodbye 挥别 in sympathy with 同情赞成 和... 一致 look over 察看, 检查 a lack of... 缺少... check with... 与... 协商 tend to do... 趋向于做... ,喜欢做... call after 追喊, 以... 命名 call for 要求, 提倡 fight against 与... 作战(敌人之间) fight with 与... 作战(战友之间) agreement on ... 关于... 达成的协议 add up 合计 add to 增加 take ... for example in price 在价格上 in the long run 从长远来看,最后

on offer 在出售中 choose from... 从... 中挑选 be curious about... 对... 感到好奇 confront with... 使面临, 使面对 with interest 有兴趣地 an average of ... 平均是... at high altitudes 在很高的地方 draw one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 focus on 集中考试大论坛 in years to come 在未来的几年内 as a matter of fact 实际上 adopt a positive approach 采取一种正确 的方法 wait for 等待 pass through 经过, 通过 a sequence of 一系列的 take ... for granted 以... 为骄傲 be aware of/that 注意到 translate into 翻译成 intend to do 想要做 looking forward to 期望 be built from... 用... 去建造 a wide variety of 很多的 at advanced levels 在高级范围内 carry out 完成,实施 according to 根据 aim to do 指望做某事 make sacrifices to do 做出牺牲而做 in depth 深入地 新整理的有用词组~ a series of 一系列, 一连串 above all 首先, 尤其是 after all 毕竟, 究竟 ahead of 在... 之前 ahead of time 提前 all at once 突然, 同时 all but 几乎; 除了... 都 all of a sudden 突然 all over 遍及 all over again 再一次, 重新 all the time 一直, 始终 all the same 仍然, 照样的 as regards 关于, 至于 anything but 根本不

as a matter of fact 实际上 apart from 除... 外(有/无) as a rule 通常, 照例 as a result(of) 因此, 由于 as far as ...be concerned 就... 而言 as far as 远至, 到... 程度 as for 至于, 关于 as follows 如下 as if 好像, 仿怫 as good as 和... 几乎一样 as usual 像平常一样, 照例 as to 至于, 关于 all right 令人满意的; 可以 as well 同样, 也, 还 as well as 除... 外(也), 即... 又 aside from 除... 外(还有) at a loss 茫然, 不知所措 at a time 一次, 每次 at all 丝毫(不), 一点也不 at all costs 不惜一切代价 at all events 不管怎样, 无论如何 at at at at all times 随时, 总是 any rate 无论如何, 至少 best 充其量, 至多 first 最初, 起先

at first sight 乍一看, 初看起来 at hand 在手边, 在附近 at heart 内心里, 本质上 at home 在家, 在国内 at intervals 不时, 每隔... at large 大多数, 未被捕获的 at least 至少 at last 终于 at length 最终, 终于 at most 至多, 不超过 at no time 从不, 决不 by accident 偶然 at one time 曾经, 一度; 同时 at present 目前, 现在 at sb's disposal 任... 处理 at the cost of 以... 为代价 at the mercy of 任凭... 摆布 at the moment 此刻, 目前 at this rate 照此速度

at times 有时, 间或 back and forth 来回地, 反复地 back of 在... 后面 before long 不久以后 beside point 离题的, 不相干的 beyond question 毫无疑问 by air 通过航空途径 by all means 尽一切办法, 务必 by and by 不久, 迟早 by chance 偶然, 碰巧 by far 最,... 得多 by hand 用手, 用体力 by itself 自动地, 独自地 by means of 用, 依靠 by mistake 错误地, 无意地 by no means 决不, 并没有 by oneself 单独地, 独自地 by reason of 由于 by the way 顺便说说 by virtue of 借助, 由于 by way of 经由, 通过... 方法 due to 由于, 因为 each other 互相 even if/though 即使, 虽然 ever so 非常, 极其 every now and then 时而, 偶尔 every other 每隔一个的 except for 除了... 外 face to face 面对面地 far from 远非, 远离 for ever 永远 for good 永久地 for the better 好转 for the moment 暂时, 目前 for the present 暂时, 目前 for the sake of 为了, 为了... 的利益 for the time being 暂时, 眼下 from time to time 有时, 不时 hand in hand 手拉手 , 密切关联 head on 迎面地, 正面的 heart and soul 全心全意地 how about ... 怎么样 in a hurry 匆忙, 急于 in case of 假如, 防备

in a moment 立刻, 一会儿 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in a way 在某种程度上 in a word 简言之, 总之 in accordance with 与... 一致, 按照 in addition 另外, 加之 in addition to 除... 之外(还) in advance 预先, 事先 in all 总共, 合计 in any case 无论如何 in any event 无论如何 in brief 简单地说 in charge of 负责, 总管 in common 共用的, 共有的 in consequence(of) 因此; 由于 in debt 欠债, 欠情 in detail 详细地 in difficulty 处境困难 in effect 实际上, 事实上 in general 一般来说, 大体上 in favor of 支持, 赞成 in front of 面对, 在... 前 in half 成两半 in hand 在进行中, 待办理 in honor of 为庆祝, 为纪念 in itself 本质上, 就其本身而言 in line with 与... 一致 in memory of 纪念 in no case 决不 in no time 立即, 马上 in no way 决不 in order 按顺序, 按次序 in other words 换句话说 in part 部分地 in particular 特别, 尤其 in person 亲自, 本人 in place 在合适的位置 in place of 代替, 取代, 交换 in practice 在实践中, 实际上 in proportion to 与... 成比例 in public 公开地, 当众 in quantity 大量 in question 正在谈论的 in regard to 关于, 至于

in relation to 关于, 涉及 in return 作为报答/回报/交换 in return for 作为对... 报答 in short 简言之, 总之 in sight 被见到; 在望 in spite of 尽管 in step 齐步, 合拍 in step with 与... 一致/协调 in tears 流着泪, 在哭着 in the course of 在... 期间/过程中 in the distance 在远处 in the end 最后, 终于 in the event of 如果... 发生, 万一 in the face of 即使; 在... 面前 in the first place 首先 in the future 在未来 in the least 丝毫, 一点 in (the)light of 鉴于, 由于 in the way 挡道 in the world 究竟, 到底 in time 及时 in touch 联系, 接触 in turn 依次, 轮流; 转而 in vain 徒劳, 白费力 instead of 代替, 而不是 just now 眼下; 刚才 little by little 逐渐地 lots of 许多 many a 许多 more or less 或多或少, 有点 next door 隔壁的, 在隔壁 no doubt 无疑地 no less than 不少于...; 不亚于... no longer 不再 no more 不再 no more than 至多, 同... 一样不 none other than 不是别的, 正是 on one's guard 警惕, 提防 nothing but 只有, 只不过 now and then 时而, 偶尔 off and on 断断续续, 间歇地 off duty 下班 on a large/small scale 大/小规模地 on account of 由于

on(an/the) average 平均, 通常 on behalf of 代表 on board 在船(车/飞机)上 on business 因公 on condition that 如果 on duty 上班, 值班 on earth 究竟, 到底 on fire 起火着火 on foot 步行, on guard 站岗, 值班 on hand 在场, 在手边 on occasion(s) 有时, 间或 on one's own 独立, 独自 on purpose 故意地 on sale 出售, 廉价出售 on schedule 按时间表, 准时 on second thoughts 经重新考虑 on the contrary 正相反 on the grounds of 根据, 以... 为由 on (the) one hand 一方面 on the other hand 另一方面 on the point of 即将... 的时刻 on the road 在旅途中 on the side 作为兼职/副 业 on the spot 在场; 马上 on the whole 总的来说, 大体上 on time 准时 once again 再一次 once(and)for all 一劳永逸地 once in a while 偶尔 once more 再一次 once upon a time 从前 one another 相互 or else 否则, 要不然 or so 大约, 左右 other than 非; 除了 out of 从... 中; 由于; 缺乏 out of breath 喘不过气来 out of control 失去控制 out of date 过时的 out of doors 在户外 out of order 出故障的 out of place 不适当的 out of practice 久不练习, 荒疏

out of sight 看不见, 在视野外 out of the question 毫无可能的 out of touch 不联系, 不接触 over and over(again) 一再地, 再三地 prior at 在... 之前 quite a few 相当多, 不少 rather than 不是...(而是) regardless of 不顾, 不惜 right away 立即, 马上 speak about 谈及 set in 开始 set apart from 把... 区分开 side by side 肩并肩, 一起 so far 迄今为止 sooner or later 迟早, 早晚 step by step 逐步地 such as 例如, 诸如 thanks to 由于, 多亏 that is (to say) 就是说, 即 to the point 切中要害, 切题 under control 处于控制之下 under the circumstances 这种情况下 up to date 在进行中 up to 多达; 直到; 胜任; 取决于 what if 切合目前情况的 what about 怎么样 with respect to 如果... 将怎么样 with regard to 关于, 至于 without question 关于, 至于, with the exception of 除... 之外 without question 毫无疑问 word for word 逐字的

demand to do sth. 要求做某事 determine to do sth. 决心做某事 expect to do sth. 期待做某事 fear to do sth. 害怕做某事 help to do sth. 帮助做某事 hope to do sth. 希望做某事 learn to do sth. 学习做某事 manage to do sth. 设法做某事 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 prepare to do sth. 准备做某事 pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 promise to do sth. 答应做某事 refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 want to do sth. 想要做某事 wish to do sth. 希望做某事 注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式, 不接动名词: aim to do sth. 打算做某事 fail to do sth. 未能做某事 long to do sth. 渴望做某事 happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做某事 struggle to do sth. 努力做某事 二、接不定式作宾补的 36 个常用动词 advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth. 请(叫)某人做某事 bear sb. to do sth. 忍受某人做某事 beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事 command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 drive sb. to do sth . 驱使某人做某事 elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事 forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事 get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事 hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事 help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事 invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事

一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的 24 个常用动词 afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 arrange to do sth. 安排做某事 ask to do sth. 要求做某事 beg to do sth. 请求做某事 care to do sth. 想要做某事 choose to do sth. 决定做某事 decide to do sth. 决定做某事

like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事 mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事 need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事 oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事 order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth . 教某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事 trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事 want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事 注:汉语的“原谅某人做某事” ,英语可说 成 excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth. 。 汉语的 “希望某人做某事” , 英语可说成 wish sb. to do sth. 。 汉语的“建议某人做某事” ,英语可说成 advise sb. to do sth. 。 汉语的“安排某人做某事” ,英语可说成 arrange for sb. to do sth. 。 汉语的“要求某人做某事” ,英语可说成 demand of sb. to do sth. 。 汉语的“感谢某人做某事” ,英语可说成 thank sb. for doing sth. 。 汉语的“祝贺某人做某事” ,英语可说成 congratulate sb. on doing sth. 。 汉语的“阻止某人做某事” ,英语可说成 prevent sb. from doing sth. 。 三、接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的 34 个常用动词 admit doing sth. 承认做某事 advise doing sth. 建议做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 deny doing sth. 否认做某事 discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事

dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事 escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事 excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事 fancy doing sth. 设想做某事 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事 forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 keep doing sth. 保持做某事 mention doing sth. 提及做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 miss doing sth. 错过做某事 pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事 permit doing sth. 允许做某事 practice doing sth. 练习做某事 prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事 prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事 put off doing sth. 推迟做某事 report doing sth. 报告做某事 risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 understand doing sth. 理解做某事 四、接现在分词作宾补的 20 个常用动词 bring sb. doing sth. 引起某人做某事 catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某 事 discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事 feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事 find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某 事 get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事 keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事 listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事 look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事 notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事 observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事 prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事 send sb. doing sth. 使某人(突然)做某事 set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事

start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事 stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 watch sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事 五、接动词原形作宾补的 11 个常用动词 feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事 have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事 let sb. do sth. 让某人做某事 listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事 look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事 observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事 see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事 watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事 六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的 12 个动词 like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做** hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做** prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做 begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做 continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事 can’ t bear to do sth / can’ t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事 bother to do sth / bother doing sth 麻烦做 intend to do sth / intend doing sth. 想要做 attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试 图做某事 cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做 七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的 7 个动词 (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事 remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事 (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事 (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事 (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事 try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果 (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事 mean doing sth. 意味着做某事 (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事

can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事 (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一 事 go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事 注:stop to do sth. 与 stop doing sth. 也不 同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正 在做的事, 但 stop to do sth. 中的不定式不 是宾语,是目的状语。 八、可接双宾语的 38 个常用动词 (1) 双宾语易位需借助介词 to 的常用动词 award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给* bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某带给 hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给* lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb 把某物借给 ail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb 把某物寄给* offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给 owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物 pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给* pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给**(钱) post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给* read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb 把某读给某听 return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物 还给某人 send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给* sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给** serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb 拿某招待某 show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb 拿某给某看 take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb 把某物拿给* teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教* tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉*情况 throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb 把某扔给 write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给*写信 (2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词 for 的常用动 词 book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预 定某物 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买 choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某 人选 cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮 draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画 fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取 find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到 fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备 get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来

make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做 order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb 为某订购 pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘 prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某 人准备某物 save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留 sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱 歌) spare sb. sth. = spare sth.for sb 为某人让出 steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷 注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用 介词 to 引出间接宾语, 也可用介词 for 引出 间接宾语,含义相同,如 bring,play 等: Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today ’s paper to [for] me. 把今天的报纸拿给我。 He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us. 他放了他刚买的唱 片给我们听。 有的动词后接的双宾语易位时, 即可用介词 to 引出间接宾语,也可用介词 for 引出间接 宾语,含义不同,如 leave 等: They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。 My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me. 我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。 而有的动词后接双宾语时, 既不能用介词 to 引出间接宾语,也不能用介词 for 引出间接 宾语,如 allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse 等: He allows his son too much money. 他给 他儿子的钱太多。 He asked me some questions. This caused me much trouble. 着给我带 来了许多麻烦。 He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea. 他一杯茶向我要了 5 美元。 His mistake cost him his job. 他的错误让 他丢了工作。 I envy you your good luck. 我羡慕你好运 They forgave him his rudeness. 他们原谅 了他的鲁莽。 He refused her nothing 她要什么就给什

么。 九、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的 8 个常见 动词 accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某事(罪) , 指责某人做某事 cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物 cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的 坏习惯 inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事) remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事) rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物 rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某东西 warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况 十、可用于“动词 +sb+for doing sth”的 8 个常见动词 blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事 criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评某人做某事 forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚某人做某事 scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人 做某事 thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做某事 十一、可用于“动词 +sb+into doing sth” 的 9 个常见动词 cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事 argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事 frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做 persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做 十二、 容易误用作及物动词的 9 个不及物词 误:deal a problem 正:deal with a problem 处理问题 误:depend sb. 正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人 误:insist doing sth. 正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事

误:knock the door 正:knock on [at] the door 敲门 误:operate sb. 正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术 误:participate sth. 正:participate in sth. 参加某事 误:refer sth. 正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物 误:rely sb. / sth. 正: rely on sb. / sth. 依靠 (依赖) 某人 (某 物 误:reply a letter 正:reply to a letter 回信 注:在某些其他用法中,以上有的动词也可 能及物,如 insist, reply 等动词后可接宾语 从句,operate 表示“操作” 、 “管理”等时 则及物。 十三、 容易误用作不及物动词的 8 个及物动 词 误:serve for sb. 正:serve sb. 为某人服务 误:marry with sb. 正:marry sb. 与某人结婚 误:discuss about sth. 正:discuss sth. 讨论某事 误:mention about sth. 正:mention sth. 提到某事 误:enter into a room 正:enter a room 进入房间 误:contact with sb. 正:contact sb. 与某人联系 误:equal to sth. 正: equal sth. 等于某物 误:ring to sb. 正:ring sb. 给某人打电话 注:有个别词在用于其他意义时,可以是不 及物的,如 enter into 可以表示开始进入或 从事某一状态或活动,或用于较抽象的概 念。如: The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。 I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我理解你失去父亲后的心情。 The two old men entered into a long

conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。 十四、17 个常用“ be+形容词 +about”结构 be angry about 为??生气 be anxious about 为??担忧 be careful about 当心?? be certain about 确信?? be curious about 对??好奇 be disappointed about 对??失望 be excited about 对??感到兴奋 be glad about 对??感到高兴 be happy about 为??感到高兴 be hopeful about 对??抱有希望 be mad about 对??入迷 be nervous about 为??感到不安 be particular about 对??讲究 be sad about 为??而难过 be serious about 对??认真 be sure about 对??有把握 be worried about 为??担忧 十五、 10 个常用“ be+形容词 +at”结构 be angry at 为??生气 be be be be bad at 不善于?? clever at 擅长于?? disappointed at 对??失望 expert at 在??方面是内行

be good at 善于?? be mad at 对??发怒 be quick at 在??方面敏捷 be skilful at 在??方面熟练 be slow at 在??方面迟钝 十六、 18 个常用“ be+形容词 +for”结构 be anxious for 渴望 be bad for 对??有害,对??不利 be bound for 前往 be celebrated for 以??出名 be convenient for 对??方便, 在??附近 be eager for 渴望 be famous for 因??闻名 be fit for 合适,适合 be good for 对??有益(方便) be grateful for 感谢 be hungry for 渴望得到 be late for 迟到 be necessary for 对??有必要

be ready for 为??准备好 be be be be sorry for 因??抱歉 suitable for 对??合适(适宜) thankful for 因??而感激 well-known for 以??出名

be worthy of 只得,配得上 二十、 20 个常用“ be+形容词 +to”结构 be accustomed to 习惯于 be blind to 对??视而不见 be close to 靠近,接近 be cruel to 对??残酷,对??无情 be devoted to 献身,专心于 be equal to 等于,能胜任 be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉 be harmful to 对??有危害 be important to 对??重要 p; be open to 对??开放,易受到 be opposed to 反对,不赞成 be opposite to 在??对面,和??相反 be polite to 对??有礼貌 be related to 与??有关(是亲戚) be respectful to 尊敬 be rude to 对??无礼 be similar to 与??相似 be true to 忠实于,信守 be used to 习惯于 be useful to 对??有用 二十一、16 个常用 be+形容词+with 结构 be angry with 对(某人)生气 be bored with 对??厌烦 be busy with 忙于 be careful with 小心 be concerned with 关于,与??有关 be content with 以??为满足 be delighted with 对??感到高兴 be disappointed with 对(某人)失望 be familiar with 熟悉,精通 be honest with 对(某人)真诚 be ill with 患??病 be patient with 对(某人)有耐心 be pleased with 对??满意(高兴) be popular with 受??欢迎 be satisfied with 对??满意 be strict with 对(某人)严格 二十二、 24 个常用“ in+其他词 +of”结构 in advance of 在??前面 in aid of 帮助 in behalf of 为了,为了??的利益 in case of 如果,万一,以防

十七、 6 个常用“ be+形容词 +from”结构 be absent from 缺席,不在 be different from 与??不同 be far from 离??远,远远不 be free from 没有,免受 be safe from 没有??的危险 be tired from 因??而疲劳 十八、 13 个常用“ be+形容词 +in”结构 be concerned in 与??有关 be disappointed in 对(某人)感到失望 be engaged in 从事于,忙于 be experienced in 在??方面有经验 be expert in 在??方面是行家 be fortunate in 在??方面幸运 be honest in 在??方面诚实 be interested in 对??感兴趣 be lack in 缺乏 be rich in 富于,在??方面富有 be skilful in 擅长于 be successful in 在??方面成功 be weak in 在??方面不行 十九、 18 个常用“ be+形容词 +of”结构 be afraid of 害怕 be ashamed of 为??感到羞愧 be aware of 意识到,知道 be capable of 能够,可以 be careful of 小心,留心 be certain of 确信,对??有把握 be fond of 喜欢 be free of 没有,摆脱 be full of 充满 be glad of 为??而高兴 be nervous of 害怕 be proud of 为??自豪 be short of 缺乏 be shy of 不好意思 be sick of 对??厌倦 be sure of 肯定,有把握 be tired of 对??厌烦

in celebration of 庆祝 in charge of 负责,管理 in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in defence of 保卫 in explanation of 解释 in face of 面对 in favour of 赞成,主张 in front of 在??前面 in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in memory of 纪念 in need of 需要 in place of 代替 in possession of 拥有 in praise of 称赞 in respect of 关于,就??而言 in search of 寻找,搜找 in sight of 看得见,在看见??的地方 in spite of 虽然,尽管 in support of 为了支持(拥护)?? in view of 鉴于,考虑到 注:同时注意一下相似结构: in exchange for 作为对??的交换 in preparation for 为??作准备 in return for 作为??的报答 in reward for 作为??的报酬 in addition to 加之,除??之外 in answer to 回答,响应 in contrast to [with] 与??形成对比 in opposition to 与??相反,反对 in reply to 作为对??的回答(答复) in response to 回答,响应 in [with] reference to 关于 in [with] regard to 关于 二十三、 27 个带 to doing sth.的常用结构 1.动词+介词 to+动名词 (1) admit to doing sth. 承认做了某事 (2) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事 (3) object to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) see to doing sth. 负责做某事 (5) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事 (6) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐 习惯做某事 2.动词+宾语+介词 to+动名词 (1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于 做某事 (2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把??献给做 某事 (3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做 某事 (4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把??限制在做 某事的范围内 (5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做 某事 3.动词+名词+介词 to+动名词 (1) give one ’s life to doing sth. 献身于做 某事 (2) give one ’s mind to doing sth. 专心做 某事 (3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某 事 (4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事 (5) have an objection to doing sth. 反对 (反感)做某事 (6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事 (7) set one ’s mind to doing sth. 决心做某 事 4.be+形容词+介词 to+动名词 (1) be equal to doing sth. 等于做某事,能 胜任做某事 (2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 (3) be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做 某事 (5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱, 精力等)献给做某事 (6) be limited to doing sth. 把??限制在 做某事的范围内 5.其他结构+介词 to+动名词 (1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认 真处理某事 (2) look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事 (3) What do you say to doing sth? 你认为 做某事如何


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