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2017高考英语一轮复习 专题突破15 语法填空之非谓语


专题技能突破(15) 语法填空之非谓语
【技能讲解】 当括号内给出的是动词,而且所在句子已经有了谓语,就要考虑使用非 谓语动词来作状语、定语、补语等。在名词后时,常作定语,需要分析名词和动词的主被动 关系,doing 表主动、伴随,done 表被动、完成。 典例剖析 1.[2015·课标全国卷Ⅰ]A study of travelers ________ (conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. [答案] conducted conduct 和 study 是被动关系,所以用过去分词形式作 study 的 后置定语。 2.[2015·天津高考] ________ (absorb) in painting, John didn't notice evening approaching. [答案] Absorbed 由于全神贯注地画画, 约翰没有察觉到夜幕降临了, 结合固定搭配 be absorbed in,可知用 absorbed 作原因状语。 3.[2015·广东高考]Since the plants took a while to grow, he started cutting down trees ________ (sell) the wood. [答案] to sell 根据句意判断,砍树是为了卖木头,用 to sell 表目的。 4.[2015·浙江高考]Listening to music at home is one thing, going to hear it ________ (perform) live is quite another. [答案] being performed performed 作 hear 的补语, it 与 perform 间为逻辑上的被 动关系且表进行,故答案为 being performed。 5.[2016·江西红色六校联考]Most of her spare time ________ (occupy), she will kept on her research in the library. [答案] occupied 句意: 虽然她的大部分业余时间都被占用了, 但她仍然在图书馆进 行她的研究。 本句为含有非谓语动词的独立主格结构, 因为“时间”和“占用”为被动关系, 且表示完成,故用过去分词形式。 技能点拨 现在分词和过去分词的选用判断主被动关系尤为重要。 空白处作状语时, 要 判断空白处动词的逻辑主语和动词的关系; 空白处作定语时, 判断空白处动词与其修饰的名 词的关系;空白处作宾补时,判断空白处动词与宾语的关系,主动关系选用现在分词,被动 关系选用过去分词。 技能演练 用括号内单词的正确形式填空 1.Nowadays, the Chinese words “tuhao” have become so familiar to many Chinese people that they often play jokes on each other when ________ (chat) about the daily life. 答案:chatting chat 和 they 是主动关系,用 chatting 作状语,注意 chat 为重读闭 音节,需双写字母 t。 2 . Last night, there were millions of people ________ (watch) the opening

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ceremony live on TV. 答案:watching watch 修饰 people 作定语,主动关系,用 watching。 3.Storms that produced at least 13 tornadoes swept along New Mexico's border with Texas on Friday, ________ (destroy) homes and other building and injuring at least 16 people, authorities said. 答案:destroying 现在分词作结果状语表示“自然而然”或“意料之中”的结果。 4. When we saw the road ________ (block) with snow, we decided to spend the holiday at home. 答案:blocked blocked 作 saw 的补语,和 road 是被动关系,用过去分词形式。 5.The thought of making an open fire outside at midday, and ________ (cook) in a large three?legged pot in that intense heat, was sufficient to upset even an angel. 答案:cooking cooking 和 making 并列,作 of 的宾语。 6.The days we spent at the Center inspired us boys ________ (reflect) on many things. 答案:to reflect “inspire sb. to do sth.”固定用法“鼓舞/激励某人做某事”。

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