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2013年高考英语一轮复习学案专题13:特殊句式


2013 年高考英语一轮复习学案专题 13:特殊句式
【备考策略】 1.强调句型: 句型结构形式:It is/was…that/who… be 的时态:that/who 前面 be 的时态一般是一般现在时,当它后面的句子为过去时时,才 用过去时。 判断方法:将(It is/was)...(that/who)…括号中的词同时去掉,看剩下的部分是否仍然 成立。若成立,则是强

调句型;若不成立,则为状语从句、定语从句或主语从句。

2.反意疑问句: 形式:句子+简短的疑问 (1)前面若有多个句子并列,则以最后一个句子为准;若前面部分为主从复合句,一般说来, 以主句为准; 但若宾语主从复合句的主句谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, feel, imagine, consider,guess 等,主语又是第一人称且为一般现在时、谓语又没有任何副词修饰时,简短 疑问部分的动词、时态、人称则以从句为准,而肯、否定形式依主句而定。 (2)前面句子含有 must,can’t,may 等表推测的词时,疑问部分则依据句子的时态及时间状 语而定。 (3)句子是 Let’s...时,后面用 shall/shan’t we;前面部分是 Let us…祈使句时,后面用 will/won’t you。 (4)前面句子是 I’m…时,后面用 aren’t l;句子是 I’m not…时,后面用 am I。 (5)前面是感叹句时,后面跟感叹句的主、谓一致,但用否定形式。 (6)当主语是 anyone/anybody/everyone/everybody 时,疑问部分用复数形式。 否定、肯定形式: (1)一般说来,前后两部分的否定、肯定形式相反;但当句子前有 0h,Ah,so 等语气词时, 前后两部分的否定、肯定形式相同。 (2)前面部分有否定词或半否定词时,后面部分用肯定形式;但若前面部分含有由否定词缀 构成的否定词时,后面部分还是用否定形式。

3.祈使句:祈使句的主语是 you,但一般被省略;当前面有呼语时,一般得补出主语 you;

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否定式一般是在前面加 Don’t。 在“祈使句,+and/or/and then+句子”句型中,当祈使句中含有比较级时,可将祈使句中的 谓语部分省略,只留下“比较级或比较级与名词,+and/or/and then+句子”。

4.感叹句:句型:what +a(n)+adj +n.+主语+be!;How +adj/adv.+主语+动词!

5.There be 句型:注意动词的形式;注意能用于这一句型的抽象特殊名词及动词的抽象形 式;注意主语补足语的形式。

6.倒装句:倒装分为全部倒装和部分倒装。 全部倒装: 地点副词或介词短语+动词+主语(名词); 地点副词或介词短语+主语(代词)+动词。 部分倒装:(1)否定词或半否定词+助动词/情态动词+主语+谓语动词+其它。 (2)only+副词(状语)/SO+助动词/情态动词+主语+谓语动词+其它。 (3)让步状语从句的倒装。 (4)非真实条件句的倒装。 (5)结果、目的状语从句中的 such,SO 提到句首时的倒装。

7? 省略句 (1)在上下文中,任何句子成分都可能省略,必须根据具体语境进行理解。 (2)熟悉并掌握一些特殊的省略形式。 A.在时间、条件、让步等状语从句中,当从句的主语跟主句的主语一致时,从句的主语可 以省略,同时将从句的谓语动词变为分词形式。 B.在时间、地点、条件、让步等状语从句中,当从句的主语跟主句的主语一致或从 句的主语是 it,谓语是 be 动词时,从句的主语、谓语可以省略。如:When/Where,/If necessary。 C.当句子的谓语部分省略时,若只用代词代替句子,则需用代词的宾格形式。 D.当省略不定式的内容时,须保留小品词 to。

8.对宾语从句的提问:特殊词位于句首,主句用一般疑问式,而宾语从句用陈述语序。

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考点解析
高中英语涉及的特殊句型包括强调句、倒装句、省略句和反意疑问句。高考对于这四种句型 的考查很灵活。学习的关键是记准确各个句型出现的条件。2013 年高考考生应特别注意 1、 基本的句型条件;2、句型中的时态。 交际用语的考查重点应注重文化差异, 在平时的学习中注意英语的交际规则和交际模式, 防 止母语思维定势的干扰和影响,形成英语思维方式。 强调 在使用英语时,有时要突出或强调某个词、词组或句子,这时就要用到强调结构。 一、强调句基本句型:“It is/ was + 被强调部分 + that/ who + 其他成分”强调句型可以强调 一个句子的主语、宾语、表语及状语等成分。如果被强调的成分是表示人的词,可以用 that 或 who(whom)连接其他成分;被强调的成分是表示人以外的词,例如表示事物、时间或地 点的词,用 that 连接其他成分。一般疑问句:Is /was +被强调部分 + that/ who + 其他成分. 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+is /was + that/ who + 其他成分. 1、 is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do ______ benefits our work It most. 【C】 A.who B.which C.that D.what

2、—Have you seen the film Under the Hawthorn Tree? — Of course, I have.It was in our village A.that B.where C.when it was made.【A】 D.which

3、Was it on a lonely island A.where B.that

he was saved one month after the boat went famous.【B】 C.which D.what

2、not …until 也可用于强调句型 4、 It was _____ he came bank from Africa that year ____ he met the girl he would like to marry. 【C】 A. when; then B. not; until C. not until; that D. only; when

3、It’s + 地点状语+ that…(强调句) It’s +地点名词+ where… (定语从句) It is the town where I was born. It was in the town that I was born. (the town 为地点名词,定语从句) (in the town 为地点状语,强调句型)

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4、It’s + 时间名词+ when…(时间状语从句) It’s + 时间状语 +that…(强调句) It was at 8 o’clock that he returned. It was 8 o’clock when he returned. (8 o’clock 是时间名词,时间状语从句) 5、借助助动词 do 对谓语动词的强调要借助于助动词 do 加动词原形,而且 do 有人称、时态和数的变化。这种 强调形式主要用于祈使句以及一般现在时和一般过去时的肯定句中。 5、If you have a job, A.do devote 二、倒装句 英语通常的语序是主语在前,谓语在后。如果谓语的一部分或者全部提到主语之前,这种语 序就是倒装。如果把全部谓语放在主语之前,就称为完全倒装;如果只把助动词或情态动词 放在主语之前,则称为部分倒装。 完全倒装 1)、用在以 here, there, now, then 等副词开头的句子中 6、John opened the door . There _____ he had never seen before. 【D】 A. a girl did stand C. did a girl stand B. a girl stood D. stood a girl yourself to it and finally you’ll succeed.【A】 C.devoting D.not devoting (at 8 o’clock 是时间状语,强调句)

B.don't devote

如果主语是人称代词,则主语和谓语的位置不变。 Here it is. 2)、为了强调,或为了紧密衔接上下文,常将表语放在句首,颠倒主语和谓语的次序。 Present at the meeting were Mr. Smith, Mr. Green and many other celebrities. 3)、为了使句子生动、流畅,可把 in, out, down, over, off, away 之类用作状语的副词放在句 首,采用完全倒装。句中的谓语动词多是行为动词,而且是不及物动词。 Following the roar, out rushed a tiger from among the bushes 4)、当介词短语位于句首作地点状语时,也常常用完全倒装。 7、At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River______, one of the ten largest cities in China. 【A】 A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies
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C. does lie Chongqing 2、部分倒装

D. does Chongqing lie

1)、用在省略了 if 的虚拟条件句中(把 were, had 或 should 移至主语前),采用部分倒装。 Were she here, she would help us.(=If she were here, she would help us.) 2)、在表示祝愿的句子里,谓语动词或谓语动词的一部分,要放在主语的前面。 May you succeed! 3)、用在以 so 开头、表示谓语所述情况也适用于另一个人或另一事物的肯定句中,表示“也 一样”,“也这样”。结构为:so + 系动词/助动词/情态动词+主语或者由 neither, nor 引导的, 表示前面所说情况也适用于另一人(或东西)的句子(否定句),表示“也不” He can speak English, so can we. They haven’t prepared their lessons. Nor/Neither have I. 注意:so + 人称代词(同一主语)+ 助动词,这种结构中的主谓是正常语序,用以重述前 面的情况,以表示赞同或强调。 ----It was cold yesterday. ----So it was.

注意:so it is/was with + 另一主语,这种结构表示这一主语的情况也如此。主要用于上文出 现两个以上句子(情况),而在逻辑上这些句子表现同一主语,通常是有肯定和否定的混合 句。或有两个(以上)谓语。 Mike likes Chinese but he is not good at Chinese. So it is with Tom. 注意:主语+ 动词 do(某种形式)+so, 此句型用以避免重复前文所述动词及其宾(状)语, 表示该句型中的主语做了前文中已提到的动作, 此句型中的主语可与前句主语相同, 也可以 是另外的人。 She asked me to speak louder and I did so. 4)、以 never, little, not only, not until, hardly, scarcely, no sooner…than, hardly…when, by no means, nowhere, at no time, not a +名词等表示否定或半否定意义的副词或词组开头的句子 中,采用部分倒装。 8、-It’s nice.Never before -I’m glad you like it.【C】 A.I have had B.I had C.have I had D.had I such a special drink!

9、 Not until he left his home ____ to know how important the family was for him.【A】 A did he begin B had he begun
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C he began

D he had begun

5)、often, many a time, always, once 等表示时间的频度副词放在句首时应用部分倒装。 Many a time has he been to Paris. 他去过巴黎多次。 6)、以 only 开头的句子(only 后面为副词、介词短语或状语从句),采用部分倒装,即把 谓语的助动词放到主语之前,谓语用原形。 10、Only after they had discussed the matter for several hours _______a decision. 【B】 A.they reached C.they reach B.did they reach D.do they reach

7)、as/ though 引导让步状语从句时,常将句末的表语、动词、副词提至句首。 11、Unsatisfied A. though was he C. he was though 三、省略 在语言运用中,尤其是在口语中,省略是常见的语言现象。 1、在某些表虚拟语气的主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句中,从句谓语动词中 的 should 可以省略。这些句子一般包含如下动词一及其派生词:一坚持(insist),二命令 (order, command),三建议(suggest, propose, advise),四要求(demand, require, request, ask) Jane's pale face suggested that she was ill and her parents suggested that she have a medical examination. It is necessary (important, impossible, strange, natural, a pity, no wonder) that...等主语从句中。 It is necessary that the problem be solved at once. 2、定语从句中的省略 (1)在限制性定语从句中,作宾语的关系代词 that, which, who (whom)常可以省略。 The man I saw is called Tom. Where is the pen I bought this morning? (2)关系副词 when, where, why 及 that 在 the time when, the place where, the reason why, the way that 结构中引导限制性定语从句时,在非正式场合下,可以省略关系副词 when, where, why 和 that 等。 I shall never forget the day we first met. The reason he came so early is his own affair.
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with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience.【B】 B. though he was D. was he though

I don't like the way you speak to your mother. 3、状语从句中的省略 (1)当状语从句中的主语和主句的主语一致,或状语从句中的主语是 it,并且又含有 be 动 词时,常可以省略从句中的主语和 be 动词。 12、It sounds like something is wrong with the car’s engine. garage immediately.【D】 A.Otherwise B.If not C.But for that D.If so , we’d better take it to the

(2)虚拟条件句中,含助动词、情态动词、动词 be 或 have 等,若将它们提到句首,则需省略 if。 Should it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit till next week. (3)在 as(so)... as..., than 引导的比较状语从句中。 I know you can do better than Peter. This car doesn't run as fast as that one. (4)在 as 引导的让步状语从句中,当作表语的单数名词提前时,不定冠词要省略。 Child as he is, he knows a lot. 4、动词不定式中的省略 1) 有些动词, believe, find, think, feel, consider, imagine, prove 等后作宾补的结构 to be + n./ 如 adj. 中的 to be 可以省略。 I consider him stupid. His mother found him a clever boy. 2) 感官动词 see, hear, feel, watch, notice 等以及使役动词 let, make, have 后作宾补的动词不 定式中的不定式符号 to 要省略,但变为被动结构时,to 必须保留。 They made the boy go to bed early. The boy was made to go to bed early. 3) 动词不定式在 prefer,refuse,decide, mean, intend, try,promise, like, love, care,want, hope,wish,expect 等动词后作宾语时,为了避免重复,常承前省略不定式后的内容,但要保 留不定式符号 to。 I have asked her to come,but she does not want to. 注意:want,like 用在 when,if, what,as 引导的从句中,其后的 to 也常可省略。 I've decided to do what I like.
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I'll teach you if you like. 4)在 can not but, can not choose but, can do nothing but..., can't help but..., prefer to do rather than do..., would do... rather than... 之后的动词不定式一般不带 to;but 之前有实义动词 do 的 某个形式 do, does, did, done 而且其宾语是 something,nothing,anything 和 everything 等不 定代词时,也不带 to, 否则要带 to。 We have nothing to do now but wait. I can not but admire his courage. He has no choice but to accept the fact. 5)在并列结构中为了避免重复,后一个 to 省略。 I'm really puzzled what to think or say. 但两个不定式有对照或对比的意义时,则后一个 to 不能省略。 I came not to scold but to praise you. 6)在 why, why not 引导的特殊问句中后跟省略 to 的动词不定式。 Why talk so much about it? Why not try it again? 7)动词不定式与 be able to,be going to,have to,ought to,used to 等构成复合谓语时,不 定式结构常可省略,但要保留不定式符号 to。 I don’t want to wait for him, but l have to. —Why didn’t you come to our party? —I was going to,but l had a report to write. 8)动词不定式中动词原形部分是否省略,主要看句子前面是否已出现过同样的动词。如果 句子前面出现过同样的动词,为了避免重复,句子后面的不定式常省略动词原形,而保留不 定式符号 to。 Don't go till I tell you to. 9) 动词不定式在 ask, warn, tell, advise, force, wish, expect, allow, permit , invite, persuade, order, would like, forbid 等动词后作宾语补足语或主语补足语时,常可省略。 You'd better give a performance if you are asked to. He didn't come, though we had invited him to. 10)动词不定式在 happy, glad, eager,anxious,willing, ready 等形容词等后承前省略 动词原形,只保留不定式符号 to。 —Will you join me in a walk?
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—I'll be happy to. 注:承前省略的动词不定式如果有助动词 have 或 be,则要保留 be 或 have。 —Are you a doctor? —No, but I used to be. 四、反意疑问句 1、反意疑问句的结构形式: 反意疑问句提出情况或看法,问对方同不同意,这种问句都由两部分组成,前一部分用陈述 句的形式,后一部分是一个附着在前一部分上的简短问句,中间用逗号隔开,如前一部分为 肯定形式,后一部分通常用否定形式,前一部分为否定形式,后一部分就用肯定形式,两部 分的时态要一致。 You are to go home via Hongkong, aren’t you? (肯定的陈述句+否定的反意疑问句) They didn’t raise many questions at the press conference, did they? (否定的陈述句+肯定的反意疑问句) 2、反意疑问句的答语 在回答反意疑问句时,应根据事实来回答,如果事实是肯定的,前面要用 yes,否则用 no, 在 第一部分为否定句时要特别注意,这时英语回答和汉语回答是不一致的。 ----You are not going out today, are you? 你今天不出去,是吗? ----No, I am not.

是的,我今天不出去。

(“不出去”属于否定的事实,所以在英语中应用“no”来表示此义,不要用 “yes”来回答。) 构成反意疑问句时应注意的问题: 1)、当陈述部分的主语是 everybody, everyone, someone, no one, nobody, somebody 等不定代 词时,反意疑问句部分中的主语常用 they (有时也可用 he.) Somebody borrowed my pen yesterday, didn’t they? No one was hurt, was he? 2)、当陈述部分的主语是 everything, anything, nothing, something 等表物的不定代词时,反 意疑问部分的主语常用 it. Everything has been done on how to prevent the pollution, hasn’t it? 3)、当陈述部分的主语是 one 时,反意疑问部分的主语常用 one 或 you。 One should study hard, shouldn’t one/ you?
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4)、当陈述部分的主语是 man(人类)时,反意疑问部分的主语常用 he。 Man is the master of his own fate, isn’t he? 5)、当陈述部分是 there be 结构时, 反意疑问部分用 there,省略主语代词。 There used to be a shop, didn’t there? 6)、当陈述部分含有 seldom, hardly, never, rarely, few, little, nowhere, nothing 等否定词或半 否定词时,反意疑问部分的动词应用肯定形式。 Few people know him, do they? Bob rarely got drunk, did he? You have nothing else to say, have you? 7)、当陈述部分中含有 im, in, dis, un 等否定前缀或 less 等否定后缀时,应把陈述部分看成 是肯定的,反意疑问部分要用否定式。 Your mother dislikes seeing you with me, doesn’t she? He is unfamiliar with this type of computer, isn’t he? 8)、当陈述部分是 I’m …结构时,反意疑问部分常用 aren’t I I am late, aren’t I? 9)、 当陈述部分是主从复合句时,反意疑问部分中的动词和主语代词通常应和主句中的 动词和主语保持一致。 If you don’t start early, you will be late, won’t you? Peter believes that his dream will come true some day, doesn’t he? 10)、当陈述部分的主句是 I suppose, I think, I believe, I imagine 等结构时,反意疑问部分往 往与从句保持一致,而且要注意否定转移。 I think he is a thief, isn’t he? I don’t think he can do it well, can he? 11)、当陈述部分含有 have,而且 have 作“有”解时,反意疑问部分用 have/has 或借助助动 词 do, does, did 等来完成; 如果陈述部分中的 have 是实义动词, 则反意疑问部分应需借助助 动词 do, does, did 等来完成。 He hasn’t a lot of time to spare, has he? He doesn’t have an English dictionary, does he? 12)、当陈述部分的谓语动词包括 have to, had to 时,反意疑问部分通常用 do 的适当形式。 You had to take the early bus, didn’t you?
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We have to do it, don’t we? 13)、当陈述部分含有情态动词 used to 时,反意疑问部分可用 used to 形式或 did 形式。 He used to get up late, didn’t/ usedn’t he? 14)、当陈述部分是祈使句时,反意疑问部分常用 will you. Help me to do it, will you? Don’t go there, will you? ◆ Let’s 和 Let us 都表示“让我们”,但用法上不同。前者包括听话人,后者不包括听话人。 正因如此,它们的反意疑问句的形式常常不同: 以 Let’s 开头的祈使句,反意疑问部分常用 shall we. 以 Let us 开头的祈使句,反意疑问部分常用 will you. Let’s go now, shall we? (我们去,你也去) (我们去,你不去)

Let us go shopping, will you?

15)、当陈述句部分含 had better/best, would like to, would rather 等约定俗成特殊短语时,反 意疑问部分应保留第一个词。 He had better do more speaking, hadn’t he? 16)、当陈述句部分是强调句或类似强调句的结构时,反意疑问部分常和句首的 It is/was 保 持一致。 It is the first time that he has gone there, isn’t it? 17)、当陈述句部分为感叹句时,反意疑问句部分常用否定形式,且问句部分的动词常用 be. What a cold day, isn’t it? 18)、当陈述部分含有情态动词 must, may, can’t, 且表示推测时,反意疑问部分不能用 must, may, can’t 自身,应和后面的实义动词保持一致; ◆must/ may/ can’t + do 表示对现在情况的推测,反意疑问部分用一般现在时。 He can’t be Mr. Chen, is he?(相当于 I don’t think he is Mr. Chen.) He must be very tired, isn’t he? (相当于:I believe he is very tired.)

◆must/ may/ can’t + have done +过去时间状语,表示对过去情况的推测,反意疑问部分常用 一般过去时。 You must have seen the film last week, didn’t you? (相当于:I think you saw the film last week.)
11

It can’t have snowed last week, did it?

(相当于:I don’t think it snowed last week.)

◆must/ may/ can’t + have done , 反意疑问部分常用现在完成时。 You may have been to Tibet, haven’t you? He can’t have known the news, has he? (相当于:Maybe you have been to Tibet.)

(相当于:I don’t think he has known the news.)

You must have waited for a long time, haven’t you? (相当于:I think you have waited for a long time.) 19)、当陈述部分含有情态动词 mustn’t 表示“禁止”时,反意疑问部分常用 must. You mustn’t walk on grass, must you? 20)、当陈述部分含有情态动词 need, dare 时,反意疑问部分有两种形式:作情态动词时保 留自身;作实义动词时反意疑问句应借助于助动词 do/does/did 来完成。 He needs to start at once, doesn’t he? She dare not go out alone at night, dare she? 21)当陈述部分含有情态动词 ought to 时, 、 反意疑问部分常用 oughtn’t (有时也可用 shouldn’t.) The child ought to be punished, oughtn’t he?

五年高考
A组 2012 年全国高考题组
1.【2012 浙江卷,19】 ___________________Had they known what was coming next, they________ _______________________ second thoughts. A. may have B. could have C. must have had D. might have had

【考点】虚拟语气中的情态动词 【答案】D 【解析】本句是一个倒装句,可还原为:if they had known what was coming next, they might have had second thought。根据 had known 提示,可知是与过去事实相反,因此虚拟语气主句 中应该用 would/might +have done,由此可见答案 D 符合语境。 2.【2012 江苏卷,25】 __________________________ There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent, _______________? A. is there B. isn't there C. is he D. isn't he

【考点】特殊句式—反义问句
12

【答案】A 【解析】根据前面there be 句里含有否定意义的词little,所以反意疑问句用肯定形式,其主 谓应与陈述部分的主谓保持一致,故选A项。 3.【2012 山东卷,31】 — I don’t know about you, but I’m sick and tired of this weather. — _________. I can’t stand all this rain. A. I don’t care C. So am I 【答案】C 【解析】当表示后者与前者具有相同特征的时候,后者用倒装的形式;肯定用 so,否定用 nor 或 neither 构成。 根据后面一句中的 I can’t stand all this rain 可知, 此处与上一句中的 I’m sick and tired of the weather 表达同样的感受,因此应该用 So am I,表示“我也是”。句意: ---我不了解你。我讨厌这种天气。---我也是。我无法忍受整天下雨。 【考点】考查倒装句的用法。 4.【2012 全国新课程,34】 You have to move out of the way you. A. so C. and 【答案】B 【解析】此处 or 表示“否则”。句意:你必须躲开,否则卡车过不去。 【考点】考查并列连词。 5. 【2012 湖南高考真题,30】It was not until I came here ____ I realized this place was famous, for not only its beauty but also its weather. A. who 【答案】B 【考点】本题考查强调句。 【解析】把 it was 及空去掉,可转换为一个完整的句子。且这是表示“直到……时才”的句型 之一:it was not until … that …。复合句 强调句型 that 6.【2012 重庆卷,33】 The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, nor______ it a thought. A. does he even given B. he even gives
13

B. It’s hard to say D. I hope not

the truck cannot get past

B. or D. but

B. that

C. where

D. before

C. whether

D. he will even given

【考点】特殊句式—倒装结构 【答案】C 【解析】空白处前为否定词“nor”位于句首,句子应该使用部分倒装结构,而且根据语境空 白处应使用一般将来时,C 选项符合题意。因此,正确答案为 C 选项。 技巧点拨:考查倒装。否定副词 never 位于句首,句子应该使用部分倒装结构;根据语境即 关键词 before,句子应该用现在完成时,故正确答案为 C 选项。 7.【2012 辽宁卷,32】Not until he retired from teaching three years ago abroad. A. he had considered C. he considered 【考点】特殊句式—倒装。 【答案】D 【解析】Not until 位于句首时句子要倒装,consider having a holiday abroad 这个动作发生在 retire 之后,所以用一般过去时。 8. 【2012 四川卷,4】 school, some students are active ______ some are shy, yet they can be good At friends with one another. A. while 【答案】 A 【考点】本题考查并列连词。 【解析】题干句意为:在学校,一些学生很活跃而一些却很害羞,然而他们都可能彼此成为 好朋友。根据句意选 while,表示两个分句中两种情况的对比。 9.【2012 四川卷,5】This is not my story, nor ______ the whole story. My story plays out differently. A. is there 【答案】 C 【考点】本题考查倒装句。 【解析】nor 位于句首引起部分倒装,排除 B、D;再根据句意“这并不是(关于)我的故事, 它也不是故事的全部。我的故事的结局不同。”选代词 it。故答案选 C。 B. there is C. is it D. it is B. although C. so D. as B. had he considered D. did he consider having a holiday

B组

2008-2011 年全国高考题组

14

1.【2011重庆卷32】—Have you seem the film Under the Hawthorn Tree? — Of course, I have. It was in our village _______ it was made. A. that 【答案】A 【考点】考查强调句。 【解析】问话人询问对方是否看过《山楂树之恋》这部电影,答话人回答说当然看过,这部 电影是在自己的村庄拍摄的。本句是强调句,被强调的部分是地点状语 in our village。强调 状语 in our village。 2.【2011湖南卷35】It’s not what we do once in a while ______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently A .which 【答案】B 【考点】本题考察强调句型。 【解析】本题考察强调句型。强调主语。故选 B。句子意思:决定我们生活的东西不是我们 偶尔所做的事情而是那些我们自始至终所做的事情。 3.【2011全国卷II13】Jane won’t join us for dinner tonight and A. neither won’t Tom C. Tom will too 【答案】B 【考点】考查特殊句式。 【解析】 句意: 简不会来参加我们今晚的宴会, 汤姆也不会来。 此处是否定句, 故使用 either, 而 too 一般用于肯定句中。此处也可以用 so 倒装的否定式,即 neither/nor will Tom.注意 A 项中 neither 表否定意义,所以不能用 won’t。 4.【2011江苏卷33】It sounds like something is wrong with the car’s engine._______ , we’d better take it to the garage immediately. A. Otherwise 【答案】D 【考点】考查省略和替代。 【解析】句意:听起来车的发动机好像有问题,如果那样的话,我们最好立刻把它弄到汽修 厂去。前后两句话之间是顺承关系。Otherwise 否则,要不然;if not 要不,不然;but for that
15

B. where

C. when

D. which

B. that

C. how

D. when

.

B. Tom won’t either D. so will Tom

B. If not

C. But for that

D. If so

若不是因为那件事;if so 若是这样。 5.【2011辽宁卷33】_____ a strange plant! I've never seen it before. A. Which where 【答案】B 【考点】考查感叹句。 【解析】 句意: 多么奇怪的植物啊! 我以前从没见过。 此处为“What+a/an 十 adj.+n. is/was” +it 的省略结构,故 B 项正确。 6.【2011上海卷 30】It doesn’t matter if they want to come to your party, _______? A. doesn’t it 【答案】B 【考点】考查反义疑问句。 【解析】反义疑问句的基本原则就是与主句主谓保持一致。陈述部分为否定,故附加部分为 肯定,句意:他们是否来参加你的派对,没有关系,是吗? 7.【10 浙江】The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if improve our health. A. being carried out 【答案】C 【考点】本题考查 if 条件句中的省略情况。 【解析】本句的句子的主语是 the experiment;谓语动词是 shows;that 引导宾语从句, 宾语 从句的主干事:proper amounts of exercise can improve our health, if_____ regularly 是插入的 条件从句, 从句的主语是 proper amounts of exercise, 此时应用 it 代替前面提到的主语, 条件 句的主语与主句的主语一致, 并且含有 is, 故省略了 it is, 完整形式是:if it is carried out。句 意为:这项实验表明, 适当的运动, 如果有规律的进行, 能够有助于我们的身体健康。 8.【10 江西】Not until he left his home ______ to know how important the family was for him. A did he begin 【答案】A 【考点】考查倒装。 【解析】not until 放在句首要用部分倒装, 翻译为直到, 所以 begin 发生在 left 之后或同时发 生
16

B. What

C. How

D. Whether

B. does it

C. don’t they

D. do they

regularly, can

B. carrying out

C. carried out

D. to carry out

B had he begun

C he began

D he had begun

9.【09 湖南】You and I could hardly work together, A. could you 【答案】D 【考点】反义疑问句的用法。 B. couldn’t I

? C. couldn’t we D. could we

【解析】根据陈述部分是肯定形式, 疑问部分用否定形式;反之。陈述部分中含有否定词 hardly, 故疑问部分用肯定形式, 主语是 you and I。故应选 D。 10.【09 江西】According to statistics, a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer _________ a woman. A. than 【答案】D 【考点】比较级的结构 【解析】比较级的结构, as ….. as , 注意句中的 more than 只是修饰 twice 11.【08 福建】—Who should be responsible for the accident? —The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order A. as told 【答案】A 【考点】此题考查状语从句的省略 【解析】as told=as they were told, 此处是 as 引导的方式状语从句的省略。当从句主语与主 句主语一致, 且谓语动词含有 be 时, 将从句的主语和 be 省略。 又因为 workers 与 tell 之间是 被动关系, 排除 C、D。 12.【08 辽宁】 Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______. A. I was neither 【答案】B 【考点】本题考查倒装。 【解析】句意为:Bill 对 Jason 耽误了报告的事不高兴, 我也是(我也不高兴)。表示 “某 人也不……时”, 应该用 “neither/nor+助动词/系动词/情态动词+主语”。 B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I B. as are told C. as telling . D. as they told B. such C. so D. as

三年模拟
A组 2012 年全国模拟题组
1.(浙江省杭州十四中 2012 届高三 3 月月考,8)________this problem, they don’t know how to

17

deal with it. A. Face B. Faced C. Facing D. To be faced

2.(浙江省 2012 届重点中学协作体高三第二学期 3 月调研试题,6)_____ read newspapers for pleasure, but also to improve their minds. A. Not only old men C. Not only do old men B. Not only old men do D. Old men not only do

3.(浙江省部分重点中学 2012 届高三下学期 2 月联考,5)Only when I left my parents for Italy, ________how much I loved them. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I reali ze

4.(浙江省东阳市南马高中 2012 届高三下学期入学考试,16)______ how mirrors produce image, we need to know what light does. A. Understanding B. Understood C. To understand D. Having understood

5.(浙江省奉化市第二中学 2012 届高三上学期第三次月考,6)It is always those _____ forgive first _______ achieve more happiness. A. 不填; and B. who; and C. who; that D. that; but

6.(浙江省杭州市 2012 届高三第一次高考教学质量检测,19) —How many students will attend James’ course? —I suppose there will be not more than ten, A.if so B.if possible C.if any , for it is too abstract. D.if ever

7.(浙江省杭州市西湖高级中学 2012 届高三 3 月月考,17)________, he does get annoyed with her sometimes. A. Although much he like her C. As he likes her much B. Much although he likes her D. Much as he likes her

8.(浙江省嘉兴市 2012 届高三下学期教学质量检查(二),1) --- Nice to meet you. You can call me Sarah. --- Oh, ! My name is Sarah, too. We have the same name. B.what a small world D.what a coincidence

A.what a shame C.what a joke

9.(金华十校 2012 年高考模拟考试,14)The school library provides a variety of books, _______ they will meet the needs of different students.
18

A.to hope

B.hope

C.hoped

D.hoping

10.(浙江省宁波市 2012 届高三上学期期末试题,18)On no account _______ tell him about our plans. A. you must B. you can C. can you D. must you

11.(浙江省绍兴市第一中学 2012 届高三下学期回头望考试题,11)I don’t think my mother will come to Shaoxing, but in case she ______, I will ask for a few days to show her around the East Lake. A. will B. would C. did D. does

12.(浙江省名校新高考研究联盟 2012 届第一次联考,3)We were told not to touch the equipment in the laboratory unless ________. A. allowed to do B. allowing to do C. allowed to D. allowing to

B组

2010-2011 年全国模拟题组

1.(2011 年浙江省高考模拟卷,6) ______ to the victims in the mud-flow struck areas, you can contact the local charity organizations. A. Contributing B. To contribute C. Being contribute D. Contributed

2.(温州中学高三年级第一次模拟考试,35)In my opinion, learning is life long and the more knowledge you get_______. A. the more for life are you equipped C. the more life you are equipped for B. the more equipped for life you are D. you are equipped the more life

3.(浙江省绍兴市 2011 年高三教学质量调测,11)The latest edition of Harry Potter is as attractive as the previous editions. A.If anything , it is more thrilling. B.If something C.If necessary D.If so

4.(浙江省 2011 届高考考试样卷 ,6)If not _______, you’re allowed to return everything within 10 days for a full refund and no further duties. A. to satisfy B. being satisfied C. satisfied D. satisfying

5.(浙江省 2011 届高三模拟考试试题(一),23) —Do you know ____ the 2011 Xiamen International Marathon was held? —On January 2. A.when it was that B.when was it that

19

C.what it was that

D.what was it that

6.(浙江省富阳二中 2011 届高三 3 月月考,6) It is the best play I have ever seen, and never before _______ a film of so high quality. A. I saw B. have I seen C. did I see D. I have seen

7.(浙江省温州二中 2010 届高三上学期期中,11)_______ up , the young man found himself covered with a red blanket. A. Wake B. Waking C. Wakes D. woke

8.(浙江省瑞安中学 2010 届高三暑期总结性测试,10) Only when you leave your parents for college education _______ how much you love them. A. do you realize B. you realize C. you will realize D. will you realize

9.(温州市 2009 学年高三八校联考英语试卷,6) Not until I went through his paper _________ what rapid progress he had made in writing. A. I did find B. did I find C. I had found D. was I found

10.(温州中学 2009 学年第一学期第一次月考,12)______ with some research findings, I decided on three possible approaches. A. Preparing C. To prepare B. Having prepared D. Prepared

20


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