年级 3、4 班
Unit 1 Great Scientists
Period 7 Copernicus’ Revolutionary The
Learning goals: 1. To get Ss to learn something about Nicolaus Copernicus. 2. To develop Ss’ reading ability. Step 1 Revision Ⅰ过去式、过去分词填空 catch tell take pay sit drink build find make
he finished working on it. ) 6. Newton, Einstein, and Hawking are all scientists who made contribution to the study of the universe.
Step 5 Role play Ask and answer the following questions in pairs. 1. Q: 是什么使哥白尼感到困惑？(confused) Q: _____________________________________________________________________? A: _____________________________________________________________________ 2. Q: 他为什么不能把理论说出来？ Q: _____________________________________________________________________? A: _____________________________________________________________________ 3. Q: 基督教的宇宙观点是什么？ Q: _____________________________________________________________________? A: _____________________________________________________________________ 4. Q: 他第一次展示他的理论是什么时候？向谁展示的？ Q: _____________________________________________________________________? A: _____________________________________________________________________ 5. Q: 他的朋友对这个理论反应是什么？(reaction) Q: _____________________________________________________________________? A: _____________________________________________________________________ 6. Q: 他的理论是什么时候公布的？为什么？(publish) Q: _____________________________________________________________________? A: _____________________________________________________________________ 7. Q: 对于他的理论是什么评价？(evaluation) Q: _____________________________________________________________________? A: _____________________________________________________________________ Step 6 Summary Complete the passage according to the passage. Copernicus was 1._________ because he found the earth was not the centre of the solar 2. ________, only if you put the sun there did the 3. ___________ of the other planets in the sky 4. ___________. He kept improving his new theory until he felt it was 5. __________ in 1514. He suggested that the earth was 6. _________ as it went round the sun. His friends were 7. ___________ and encouraged him to publish his ideas, but Copernicus was 8. ________ he didn’t want to be 9. _________ by Christian Church. In fact, he was right. The Church 10. _________ his theory, saying it was against God’s idea. Homework: Ⅰ词汇拓展： 1. ______________ (vt.) 建设；修建 → _______________ (n.) 建设；建筑物 2. ______________ (v.) 捐献；贡献；捐赠 → _______________ (n.)贡献；捐款 3. ______________ (adj.) 积极的；肯定的；确实的 →______________ (n.) (反义词) 消极的，否定的 4. ______________ (adv. &adj.) 向后地 （的） ； 相反地 （的） ； 退步地 （的） →______________ (adv. &adj.)
bring buy keep teach drive speak leave write eat
Ⅱ用括号里所给动词的正确形式填空。 1. I don’t know the girl _________ (catch) in the snow storm. 2. The girl ___________ (knock) down by a car was dying. 3. Last night, he told us a ___________ (move) story. 4. This is the problem ____________ (settle) so quickly last evening. 5. There was an ___________ (excite) look on his face when the actress appeared. 6. The children __________ (examine) at the hospital yesterday were seriously ill. 7. Island is a small piece of land ___________ (surround) by water. 8. The little _________ woman was sleeping over the _________ report. (tire) 9. When I went in, they were _________ (absorb) in a heated discussion. 10. The thief seems _________ (hide) in that cave. Let’s go and see. Step 2 Leading in What do you know about Nicolaus Copernicus? Step 3 Skimming Skim the passage and draw the two theories of the universe? Before Copernicus’ theory Showing Copernicus’ theory A diagram showing the solar system with A diagram showing the solar system with _____ ________ at its centre _________________ at its centre Step 4 Careful reading True of False? ( ) 1. At Copernicus’ time, Christian Church was in charge of many western countries. ( ) 2. Copernicus noticed that observed from the earth, some planets appear in front of or behind the earth. ( ) 3. Copernicus didn’t show his new theory to his friends until he completed it. ( ) 4. His friends were not interested in his ideas. ( ) 5. Since he was not afraid of being attacked by the Church, Copernicus published his book as soon as
向前地（的） 5. ______________ (adj.) 热情的；热心的→ _______________ (n.) 热情，热心 6. ______________ (adj.) 小心的，谨慎的→ _______________ (n.) 小心，谨慎 7. ______________ (n.) 移动；运动；动作→ _______________ (v.) 8. ______________ (vt.) 拒绝；不接受；抛弃→ _______________ (n.) Ⅱ重点短语： 1. ______________ to an end 2. ______________ from 3. make _________ for 4. (be) __________ with 5. lead _________ 6. make ___________ 7. __________ times 8. ______________________ 9. ______________________ 10. ______________________ 11. ______________________
A. knew his Theory of Relativity well because they could explain it B. had written to have grasped his theory correctly C. pretended to have grasped his abstract theory D. admired him very much 3. The underlined part “set…hearts on” means . A. believe B. have C. love D. hate
结束 除……之外 为……腾地方 对……严格 导致，通向 讲得通，有意义 有时 为……做贡献或捐款 对……热情 对……谨慎 态度；观点；看法
Ⅲ完成句子： 1. 除了这些理由以外，他无话可说了。 ______________ ___________these reasons, he said nothing. 2. 我们的英语老师对我们要求严格。 Our English teacher_____________ __________ ___________us. 3. 他的粗心大意的驾驶导致了这起严重的交通事故。 His careless driving _________ ____________the serious traffic accident. 4. 他捐赠食物和衣服给红十字会。 He _____________food and clothing __________the Red Cross. 5. 我听不明白你说的故事。 Your story doesn’t _________ _________ _________ me. 6. We can succeed only by working hard.（同义替换） ________ by working hard ________ we succeed. Ⅳ阅读理解： Einstein, a great scientist of the age, was almost as strange as his Theory of Relativity. Once, while riding a street car in Berlin, he told the conductor that he had not given him the right change. The conductor counted the change again and found it to be correct, so he handed it to Einstein, saying, “The trouble with you is that you don’t know your figures.” Einstein said that there were only twelve people living who understood his Theory of Relativity although a good many books had been written to explain it. He had nothing but contempt（藐视）for the things most people set their hearts on—for fame and riches（财富）and luxury（奢 华）. He didn’t want money or praise. He made his own happiness out of such simple things as his work and playing the violin and sailing his boat. Einstein’s violin brought him more joy than anything else in life. He said that he often thought in music. 1. The conductor thought Einstein . A. wasn’t good at Maths B. had good memory C. was either mad or strange D. liked to make trouble 2. Einstein meant that many people .