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完形填空教学设计


完形填空教学设计
[日期:2012-11-20] 来源: 作者: [字体:大 中 小]

一、教学目标(Teaching aims) 语言知识(knowledge) 1. 词汇(vocabulary): 能理解、内化和运用以下单词-challenge,select,judge,struggle,enthusiastic, sigh 能理解、内化和运用

以下短语-compete against,not have any trouble with,fo r the time being,smile weakly,devote oneself to,figure out,continue to do, fit in,be ready for,very talented girls,feel awful,be relieved to 2. 语法(Grammar):非谓语动词中的现在分词和动名词的运用。如: Feeling awful, she walked home carrying her school bag full of homework. Arriving home, she started with math. Feeling better, she decided not to worry about math for the time being. The next day, Jenna went to see Mrs. Biden about being on the school newsp aper. Later in math class, Jenna devoted herself to figuring out the problems that h ad given her so much trouble. 语言技能(Skills) 1. 能在课堂内掌握做英语完形填空的相关技巧。 2. 能获取相关信息(Reading for language, Reading for information, Reading fo r understanding, Reading for appreciation, Reading for enriching experience), 且进行 skimming, scanning, generalization 等阅读技巧的训练。 情感态度(Affect) 1. 引导学生在理解文章的基础上明白: Challenges are always around us at any time. Some people are beaten down by them while others are brave enough to face the challenges. What attitude you will take when facing challenges is ver y important. So everyone should learn to be optimistic and take a positive attit ude towards challenges as well as your life. 二、具体教学步骤(Teaching procedure) 1. Pre-class stage (Two days before the class) Give the materials to the students and assign the preview tasks to them. 1) Finish “Preview task” and the close test. 2) Check the answer by themselves and write down the numbers of the exerci ses which they have done wrong in the form below for the convenience of sta tistics. 3) Put the correct answer back to the blanks and read the text for at least 3 t imes. 2. While-class stage Step I. Lead in T: How are you today?

T: Life in senior 3 is usually so boring and tiring. But do you still remember “No pains, No gains.”? So we shall work hard now for our bright future, sha ll we? T: Today we are going to meet with a high school student Jenna. Different fr om you, she is a new student in Senior 1. Would you like to meet her? OK, let’s come to the close test. (将每个小题的正确率呈现,从错误率最高的题目开始分析,在分析的过程中将 题目进行分类总结,并授予学生做完形填空必须注意的问题和方法。) 技巧一:前后照应 题号:1, 10, 14, 15, 18, 16 (09 陕西) “ Take a bite of each one. See if that helps you decide which one is whic h.” He took ________, and then a huge smile came across his face. A. big bites B. deep breaths C. a firm hold D. a close look 答案为: A 根据前面一句话可得知这里是他咬了几口。 ( 08 浙江) After swimming, I would go inside his office and sit on the wooden chair in front of his big desk, where he let me playing with anything I found in his to p desk drawer. Sometimes, an assistant or a student might come in and tell m e perhaps I shouldn’t be playing with his ________. A. fishing net B. office things C. wooden chairs D. lab equipment 答案为: B 在办公室抽屉里找到的通常为办公用品。 (05 浙江) At that moment, I realized that the people there were having a nice conversati on with their machines, not with people. They were more interested in having a relationship with the ________, particularly Steve. A. computer B. soul(灵魂) C. shop D. geek (杂技团表演者, 反常者) 答案为: A 因为前文提到他们更喜欢与机器聊天,这里的机器应该指的是电 脑。 技巧二:注意连词和关键信息 题号:7, 8, 3,6,9,13,12,2 (09 江西) As they entered the cool, shadowy woods, they began to search for a suitable camping spot. Peter wanted to stay close to the river at the edge of the wood, ________ Paul, who was older, insisted that they camp further away. A. but B. and C. or D. so 答案为: A 弟弟 Peter 想呆在靠河水近一点的地方,但哥哥 Paul 却坚持到更 远的地方野营。 (09 江苏) As a result, all students must complete sixty hours of service learning, ______ __ they will not receive a diploma. A. and B. or C. but D. for 答案为: B 根据前后文:学生必须完成 60 小时的社会实践,否则的话他们将不 能拿到文凭。(08 浙江) I don’t remember my father ever getting into a swimming pool. But he did __ __1____ the water. Any kind of ___2____ ride seemed to give him pleasure. ____3____ he loved to fish; sometimes he took me along.

1. A. avoid B. refuse C. praise D. love 2. A. boat B. bus C. train D. bike 3. A. But B. Then C. And D. Still 答案为: 1. D 2. A 3. C 我父亲从来没进入过游泳池,但是他确实喜欢水。坐船总是能给他带来乐趣。他 还喜欢钓鱼与前面一句话是并列的。 (09 浙江) The trip to that city was eye-opening for everyone, and near its end, all the y oung people in our group began to reflect on what it had meant. We looked b ack on the first night we had arrived. We had all gone into the markets of th e city ________ the young people could experience its energy. A. now that B. so that C. as if D. even if 答案为: B so that 表示目的,我们进入城市的市场以便年轻人能体验它的活 力。now that 既然,由于 as if 好像,似乎 even if 即使,即便 技巧三:习惯用法和固定搭配 题号:5,17,19 (09 安徽) Dear son, I want to thank you for teaching me a very valuable lesson in my life by t he great example you ________. A. followed B. gave C. set D. took 答案为: C 为某人树立榜样 set a good example to somebody (09 江西) Hurriedly, they packed their belongings and set off ________ the direction of t he river. A. for B. to C. at D. in 答案为: D 朝某个方向 in the direction of (09 山东) With each passing day everyone became more anxious, waiting for the final sc hool bell. Upon its ________ everyone would run for their coats and go home, everyone except David. A. warning B. ringing C. calling D. yelling 答案为: B its=the bell’s 铃声的响声应该用动名词 ringing Step II. Skimming Students are to put the words back to the blanks and read it quickly for about 2 minutes. Then finish two tasks. 1) Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. Jenna, a popular girl in Junior school B. New challenges for Jenna in high school C. Jenna’s problems in Math D. Jenna’s failure in tryouts for ch eerleaders 2) How is the text organized? A. In order of time. B. In order of space. C. In order of location. D. In order of importance. Step III. Scanning 1)Just now you found out that the text is organized in order of time, now let’s find out what happened and how Jenna felt at that time.

when Westwood Middle School High in the first schoo week l two hours later arriving home

What did she do? graduated first/ was ready for new challenges competed against very talented girls for cheerleaders heard the list of girls for the second tryout started with math moved on to English and history

How did she feel? confident difficult heart sank disappointed and awful struggling relieved, better, not worried enthusiastic upset/sad devoted

went to see Mrs. Biden was refused/ smile weakly later in math devoted herself to figuring out the class problems understood how to get them right by the end of determined decided/continued to try to fit in at her class /optimistic new school 2) What kind of girl do you think Jenna is? (confident/ optimistic/ determi ned/enthusiastic…) 3) Who else helped her to overcome the difficulties in high school besides her own effort? (Her mother.) 4) What did her mother say to her? (You’ll feel like a small fish in a big pond instead of a big fish in a s mall pond. The challenge is to become the best fish you can be. ) 5) How do you understand this sentence? Did her mother really want her t o become the best fish? What does here “fish” refer to? ( Jenna’s mother looks on high school as a big pond. Jenna is only a smal l part in the big pond. She should try her best to become the best student in high school.) 6) How to understand this sentence “Mrs. Biden wasn’t as enthusiastic as J enna.”? ( It means that Jenna was very interested in working for school newspaper while Mrs. Biden had no interest in taking her as a writer for school newspa per.) Step IV. Summarizing After learning this lesson, do you think you can do “close test” better? What are the obstacles for you to do close test? 1) 词汇 2)语言结构和连接词 3) 上下文意思的理解 What should we do from now on? 1) 一轮复习中认真复习课文 compete against, feel awful, be relieved to, not have any trouble with, devote oneself to, figure out, fit in, enthusiastic A. Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honor of winning. (M2, U2 The Olympic Games)

the next day

B. As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern. How awful to be discov ered by her. (M7,U2 Robots) C. Abruptly she sat down, only to scooped up by her laughing, shouting sister, Luna. LaLa smiled with relief. (M8, U5 Meeting your ancestors) D. I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. I’m getting along well with a boy in my class. (M1, U1 Friendship) E. Keep it up, Xie Lei, Chinese student fitting in well (M7, U5 Travelling a broad) F. Lin Qiaozhi was a doctor who became a specialist in women’s illnesses. Sh e devoted all her life to medical work for Chinese women and children. (M4, U1 Women of achievement) G. Today, I am just as enthusiastic about my job as the day I first started. (M6, U5 The power of nature) 2)巩固基础知识 3)注意词汇的积累 4)多加练习――Practice makes perfect. Challenges are always around us at any time. Some people are beaten dow n by them while others are brave enough to face the challenges. What attitude you will take when facing challenges is very important. So everyone should l earn to be optimistic and take a positive attitude towards challenges as well as your life. Step V. Homework I. Read the passage several times until you read them fluently. II. Pick out and recite 3-5 beautiful sentences in the passages. III. Fill in the blanks according to the passage. I am Jenna, a high school girl who used to be _______ in middle school. I graduated first in my class and _____________ new challenges in high school. However, I found high school quite _________ from my middle school. I lo st the tryouts for cheerleaders while ________ very talented girls, which made me feel ________. Besides, when doing my homework, I was _________ aga inst math, my favourite subject in middle school. But I was __________ to fin d that I didn’t have any trouble with English and history. I really wanted to b e a _________ for school newspaper. However, Mrs. Biden was not as ______ ___ as I was---she just refused my request. I had no choice but to smile ____ ____ and left. Luckily, I am an outgoing girl, so nothing can beat me down. I __________ _____ working out the math problems that had given me so much ________. I decided to try to ________ at my new school though I didn’t know whether I would __________. Believe it or not, I would try to be the _______ fish i n the big pond. IV. Finish the close test on your own and check the answer as soon as you fi nish it. One man was to meet his wife downtown and spend some time shopping with her. He waited ___1___ for 15 minutes. Then he waited impatiently for 1 5 minutes more. After that, he became ___2___. When he saw a photograph b ooth (照相亭) nearby, he had ___3___. He wore the most unhappy expression

he could manage, which was not ___4___ in the situation. In a few moments, he was holding four small prints that ___5___even him. He wrote his wife’s name on the back of the photos and handed them to a ___6___ behind the desk in the booth. “ ___7___ you see a small, dark lad y with brown eyes and an apologetic expression, obviously ___8___ someone, would you please give her this?” he said. He then ___9___ his office in Morr ison Building, ___10___ that if a picture is worth a thousand words, then the four photos must be a good ___11___! He sat down with a smile. His wife ___12___ these pictures. She carries them in her purse now and shows them to anyone who asks if she is married…. How are you with ___13___? One person calls it “waiting training”. It see ms that there is always something we are ___14___. We wait on traffic and we wait in lines. We wait to hear about a new job. We wait to complete sch ool. We wait for someone to change his or her mind. Patience is an important ___15___ of a happy and rewarding life. ___16__ _, some things are worth waiting for. ___17___ presents many opportunities fo r waiting training. We can hate waiting, ___18___ it or even get good at it! But one thing i s ___19___--- we cannot avoid it. How is your ___20___ coming along? 1. A. proudly B. respectfully C. patiently D. curi ously 2. A. angry B. hungry C. frightened D. thirsty 3. A. a question B. a reason C. an opi nion D. an idea 4. A. serious B. difficult C. regular D. convenient 5. A. hurt B. encouraged C. attrac ted D. shocked 6. A. clerk B. secretary C. passer-b y D. friend 7. A. Since B. Before C. As D. If 8. A. looking for B. working for C. sending fo r D. paying for 9. A. called up B. returned to C. visited D. left 10.A. worried B. disappointed C. visited D. left 11.A. description B. preparation C. excuse D. lecture 12.A. tore B. saved C. developed D. destroyed 13.A. your wife B. your family C. patience D. determination 14.A. hoping for B. waiting for C. ready for D. fit for

15.A. lesson 16.A. ow 17.A. 18.A. 19.A. ious 20.A.

B. experience D. quality For example B. After all D. So far Every age B. Every shop D. Every office accept B. control D. improve certain B. interesting D. easy photo taking B. job hunting D.waiting training

C. purpose C. Right n C. Every day C. change C. prec C. decision making

教学反思:本课采用多媒体和导学案结合的方式上完形填空,课堂内容充实,根 据导学案的要求编制或精选的部分完形填空的习题让学生练习、实践。这些题目 融汇在自主学习完成习题、合作探究、集体攻坚,还有当堂达标中。在学生完成 该环节后, 不管学生最后的结论是否正确,教师都把确切的答案及时向同学们展 示,这个时候就能发挥多媒体的作用了。让学生去一一对照、记录,这样学生就 能够在心目中形成对每个问题的正确认识,久而久之,想错都不可能。而且利用 多媒体对答案,效率比较高,也有助于教师维持课堂纪律。


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