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高三英语结构难题


科目:英语 年级:高三 教师:梁耀兴

2001-2002第一学期第二十二周

-------结构难题专练
近几年来,高考的单选和完形填空越来越注重语言逻辑与句子结构的变化,以此来求得学生们在语言实际当中的使用。为此在本次网校讲座中我将给大家重点讲一下结构难题专练的概念。请大家认真按照语言逻辑完成下列

60题,再看看讲评部分。如再有问题请来函,我会认真做以解答。
1.We grow all our grapes and vegetables here in the garden,______ costs us a lot of money, of course.
A. which B. as C. that D. what
2.He will stop talking, if no notice ______ of him at the meeting .
A. is taken B. will be taken C. takes D. has taken
3.This is an illness that can result in total deafness ______ left untreated.
A. after B. if C. since D. unless
4.Her face gave her ______ when she told a lie.
A. off B. away C. up D. out
5.I'll go to the supermarket with my father next week. We're going to buy some ______ glasses.
A. lovely old French B. old lovely French C. French old lovely D. old French lovely
6.______ we had been looking forward to.
A. Then came the hour B. Before Rose the new teacher stood
C. When the hour came D. After Kate stands the new teacher
7.Is it somewhere around that factory ______ this type of cars are produced?
A. which B. where C. that D. /
8.----Do you have anything more ______, sir?
----No. You can have a rest or do something else.
A. typing B. to be typed C. typed D. to type
9.When I said some students are crazy, I ______ to you.
A. don't refer B. wasn't referring C. hasn't referred D. didn't refer
10.----What is the building?
---- ______ the students have their dance class.
A. The building that B. There are C. That's the building which D. That's where
11.They decided to drive the cattle away ______ they did more damage.
A. until B. unless C. before D. although
12.____ you should have no trouble with the difficult work.
A. Knowing this B. If you're knowing this
  C. From knowing this D. If you had known it
13.No bread eaten by man is so sweet as ______ earned by his own labour.
A. one B. that C. what D. those
14.Could it be in the restaurant in ______ you had dinner with me yesterday ______ you left behind your keys and wallet?
A. that; which B. which ;that C. where; that D. that; where
15.Until the 16th century the earth ______ to be flat.
A. has been believed B. is believed C. believed D. was believed
16.How many years will have to pass ______ scientists succeed in proving a treatment for cancer?
A. when B. before C. since D. until
17.We have done things we ought not to have done and ______ undone things we ought to have done.
A. left B. leave C. will leave D. leaving
18.Another man-made earth satellite is reported in Beijing Evening News ______ into orbit yesterday.
A. to have been put B. to be put C. to have put D. having been put
19.____ all over the hills and around the lake are wild plants of different kinds.
A. To grow B. growing C. Grown D. Grow
20.We played in the garden till sunset, ______ it began to rain.
A. when B. after C. while D. then
21.----Who are you going to get ______ this report for you?
---- My secretary, Alice, a new comer to the company. What's up?
A. type B. typed C. to type D. to be typed
22.Although he sometimes loses his temper, his students like him ______ for it.
A. not so much B. not so little C. no more D. no less
23.----What is the matter with you?
---- ______ the window, my finger was cut unexpectedly.
A. Cleaning B. To clean C. While cleaning D. While I was cleaning
24. ______ my finishing reading the magazine you can have it ______.
A. On; immediately B. At; quickly C. For; fortunately D. With; likely
25.With his son ______the old couple felt rather unhappy.
A. to disappoint B. to be disappointed C. disappointing D. being disappointing
26.The TV play brought the hours back to me ______ I was taken good care of in that remote village.
A. when B. that C. until D. where
27.----Why do you drink so much coffee?
----Well, ______ it doesn't keep me awake at night, I see no harm to me.
A. although B. as long as C. as far as D. for
28. One manager kept asking me really difficult questions and laughing at me ______ I couldn't answer.
A. every time B. the next time C. whenever D. all the time
29.She suggested not only ______ to the English evening but also give a performance in English.
A. should I go B. did I go C. I should go D. my going
30.They are teachers and don't realize ______ to start and run a company.
A. what takes it B. what they take C. what takes them D. what it takes
31.----Can Li Ming help me with my English?
----I regret to tell you her English is ______ yours.
A. as good as B. no more than C. not better than D. as much as
32.You can still make yourself ________ by referring to these books kept in the room without anyone around you.
A. understood B. understand C. to be understood D. understanding
33.How pleased the detective was ______ what his customer told him.
A. hearing B. heard C. to hearing D. to hear
34.The man we were looking forward to _______ at the last minute, who helped us out.
A. coming B. arriving C. came D. to arrive
35.Mrs Smith was rather disappointed to see the sewing-machine she had ______the other day went wrong again this morning.
A. it checked B. to be checked C. to check D. checked
36.It was in the small house ______ was built with stones by his father ______ he spent his childhood.
A. which; that B. that; where C. which; which D. that; which
37.I have never received any gifts that pleased me ______ as yours.
A. good enough B. well enough C. as good D. so well
38.Reading English in the morning seems to me like a rule ______.
A. to never break B. never to breaking C. never to be broken D. not broken
39.----The weather is too hot ______ this year.
----It was still ______ when I came here two years ago.
A. for; cooler B. in; hotter C. for; hotter D. in; cooler
40. Great efforts must be ______ in order to improve your spoken English.
A. made B. tried C. had D. put
41.Nowhere else in the world ______ such perfect silence ______ in these mountains.
A. there is; like B. there is; as C. is there; as D. is there; like
42.To be on the safe side, we should fill up the car now, because we ______ run out of gas on our way there.
A. could B. might C. would D. should
43.----Jim, let's hurry to the airport, Mable is coming.
----Oh, I was afraid ______. What's made her change her idea?
A. she would never come B. I would miss her
  C. she had already come D. I might have missed her
44.Mr and Mrs Scott prefer a restaurant in a small town to ______ in so large a city as New York.
A. this B. one C. it D. that
45.The boy the teachers considered ______ failed in the final exam, ______ surprised them very much.
A. to be the best; which B. as the best student; that
C. to have been studying well; it D. such as a good student; which
46.Is ______ 48 hours ______ the man-made satellite ______ is made in our country to orbit the planet a round?
A. it; that; where B. it; when; that
C. it for; that it takes; that D. it; that it takes; which
47.It was so large a room that a hundred people looked ______ in it.
A. losing B. lost C. to lose D. having lost
48.It isn't cold enough for there ______ a frost tonight, so I can leave Jim's car out quite safely.
A. to be B. would be C. being D. was
49.The soldiers soon reached ______ was once an old temple ______ the villagers used as a school.
A. which; where B. what; which C. where; which D. what; where
50. ______ otherwise directed by a doctor, this medicine should be taken three times a day.
A. If B. Whether C. Unless D. Although
51.The doctors have tried ______ to save his life, but failed.
A. humanly everything possible B. humanly possible everything
C. everything possible humanly D. everything humanly possible
52.What measures have been ______ to control the crowd at Saturday's football match?
A. imagined B. made C. given D. taken
53.______ that she's by law old enough to get married, I don't see how you can stop her.
A. Having seen B. To see C. Seeing D. Seen
54.----Were all the three people in the car injured in the accident?
----No, ______ only the two passengers who got hurt.
A. it was B. there was C. there were D. they were
55.Mr White works with a chemical company but he ______ in his sister's shop, since he's on leave.
A. has worked B. works C. is working D. worked
56.There was a tea pot fashioned like a china duck ______ the water was supposed to come.
A. from which open mouth B. by that open mouth
C. out of whose open mouth D. with its open mouth
57.He is ______ is known as a hacker(黑客) -he likes to show off on the Internet and attack websites.
A. who B. what C. that D. which
58.----It is reported that the government has lightened the burden on the students.
----Oh, today we are still ______ from heavy school work, ______ at preparing us for the entrance examination.
A. suffering; aiming B. suffered; aimed C. suffering; aimed D. suffered; aiming
59.Cold chicken is delicious ______ salad.
A.. when to eat with B. when eaten with
C. when to be eaten with D. when eating with
60.You should sell the fish and meat ______, ______, they ______ easily in such hot weather.
A. in time; however; turn bad B. on the market; if not; smell terrible
C. at a low price, otherwise; changed a lot D. as soon as possible; or else; go bad
 
参考答案
  A A B B A A C B B D C A B B D B A A B A C D D A C A B C A D
  C B D C D A C C C A C B A B A D B A B C D D C A C C B A B D
讲评:
1.非限定性定语从句的引导词代替前面的整个句子
2.要注意固定短语take no notice of..."对。。。不理睬"的搭配使用
3.条件状语从句中省略主语,句子要按照主动与被动进行变化。
4.Give away 表示"替。。。泄密"
5.几个形容词共同修饰一个名词时要注意它们的词序,即----外部特征+内部特征+国籍+名词
6.此句为倒装句
7.强调句
8.要注意两个人的对话内容:---你有什么东西要(我)打印吗?
9.注意前面的时间状语从句为后面时态的判断点
10.要注意两个人的对话内容:----这座大楼是干什么用的?后面要回答它的作用即可
11.注意中文的翻译,可以将此题作对
12.现在分词做原因状语
13."面包"在前面已经出现了,因此,出现了可省略。
14.注意句子的成分。前面为定语从句后面为强调句
15.Until在句首,后面的句子有倒装
16.Before 在此译为"还没有。。。"同11题
17.谓语动词与前面的时态的一致性(也可称为:出现了,可省略)
18.不定式的完成式表示动作先于前面的谓语动词
19.倒装句 为了使句子表达更加生动 。又如:Gathering round the old granny were some Young Pioneers. (一些少先队员们围拢在老奶奶周围。)
20.When 表示"这时、突然"的意思
21.Get sb. to do sth 表示"派某人干某事"
22.No less 表示"不少于。。。"
23.时间状语从句的表达方式
24.On表示"as soon as"的概念
25.独立主格结构做原因状语。另外,此句要通过翻译来决定的它的逻辑概念
26.定语从句(这里也叫分割定语从句)前面的先行词与定语从句的引导词没有连在一起
27.按照语言逻辑来看"只要它晚上不让我睡不着,我看没有什么坏处",此句应是条件状语从句
28.Whenever表示"每当。。。"的意思;而第一个答案要用一般现在时态为好
29.Not only...but also 在引导句子时,前面应引起倒装,即---助动词+主语+谓语动词
30.此句是按照"It takes sb. some time to do sth"的句型来分析的,另外通过对句子的中文翻译,也能看出它的用法。
31.比较级的使用
32.此题考查学生是否有"望词生意"的问题。要按照句子的中文意思来断定它的中文逻辑是什么。
33.Be pleased to do前面为感叹句。
34.The man 的后面为一个定语从句,因此看清句子成分是作对此题的关键
35.按照句子的逻辑不难看出:那天她叫人修理的缝纫机今天又除了毛病
36.同14题
37.比较级的使用。另外要注意此比较级是作为定语来用的
38.不定式做定语。另外非谓语的否定均应放在非谓语前面
39.for表示"对于。。。而言";下一句中的still是用来修饰比较级的副词
40.Make great efforts to do sth. 表示:努力干。。。
41.否定词在句首要引起句子倒装
42.表示可能性
43.表示说话人对当时事实的虚拟语气
44.前面的饭店是泛指的概念,因此后面的不定代词用来充当这一泛指的概念
45.Consider sb. to be"认为某人。。。"是固定句型,后面的which是非限定性定语从句
46.此句为强调句的一般问句形式;后面的句子是一个固定句型的表达
47.Look lost 表示"不起眼,看不见"的意思。此题是根据look 这一连系动词来决定的
48.Enough to do引导的结果状语从句
49.Reach为及物动词,因此后面的从句为宾语从句
50.Unless为"如果。。。不"的翻译意思,因此要首先把句子的中文语序搞清楚,是作对此题的关键。
51.Everything是不定代词,但是它的修饰语要后置;同时副词在修饰形容词时要放在形容词的前面
52.Take measures to do sth.为"采取措施"的意思
53.现在分词作原因状语
54.此句为交际语法题。首先要翻译句子,从句子上下文中可以得出此题为强调句型
55.现在进行时表示暂时性的动作
56.此题是定语从句定部分的概念,因此翻译是突破此题的关键
57.表语从句中少主语
58.Be suffering from...是"遭受。。。的折磨"的意思;另外,逗号后面是现在分词做定语
59.状语从句中的主语与主句的主语一致,可以省略主语,主动doing,被动done.
60.Or else表示"不然的话 "go bad 表示"由好往坏变"的意思

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