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2.【Unit 1】Text I Notes from a Small Island


【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

Notes from a Small Island1
Bill Bryson2

【1】My first sight of England was on a foggy March night in 1973 when I arrived on the midnight ferry3 from Calais4. For twenty minutes, the terminal area was

Notes:
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Notes from a Small Island: It is a humorous travel book on the United Kingdom by

American author Bill Bryson, first published in 1995. The text is taken from the Prologue of the book. Notes from a small Island was written when the author had decided to move back to his native United States but wanted to take one final trip around Great Britain, which had been his home for over twenty years. In 2003, British people chose this book as the one which best sums up British identity and the state of the nation.
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Bill Bryson: Bill Bryson was born in the United States in 1951 and started working

as a journalist in England in 1977. Bryson eventually became chief sub editor of the business section of The Times, and then deputy national news editor of the business section of The Independent. He left journalism in 1987 and started writing independently. Bryson returned to the United States in 1995 and came back to England in 2003. In the book Notes from a Small Island, Bryson provides historical information on the places he visits, expresses amazement at the heritage in Britain, and reflects on the humble self-effacing fortitude of British people under trying times such as the World Wars and Great Depression, as well as the various peculiarities of Britain. ―Bryson is unparalleled in his ability to cut a culture off at the knees in a way that is so humorous and so affectionate that those being ridiculed are laughing too hard to take offense.‖ – The Wall Street Journal on The Life and Times of the Thunderbolt Kid ―Bryson has become an enormously popular travel writer by coming off as the most literate tour guide you’ve ever had.‖ – The New York Times
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ferry: A ferry is a boat that transports passengers and sometimes also vehicles, Calais: Calais is situated on the north coast of France and is the closest French

usually across rivers or short stretches of sea. 渡船;渡轮
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town to the United Kingdom – about 90 minutes by ferry to Dover, a town and major
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

aswarm5 with activity as cars and lorries poured forth, customs people did their duties, and everyone made for6 the London road7. Then abruptly all was silence and I wandered through sleeping, low-lit streets threaded8 with fog9, just like in a Bulldog Drummond10 movie. It was rather wonderful having an English town all to myself. 【2】The only mildly dismaying11 thing was that all the hotels and guesthouses appeared to be shut up for the night. I walked as far as the rail station, thinking I’d

ferry port in South East England. It is situated on the most frequented shipping lanes in the world and has become the binding factor for trade and tourism between France and England via the English Channel.
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aswarm: adj. full of people or things 充满的,拥挤的 (P7) a swarm of bees / locusts / flies (n. a large group of insects, especially bees, moving together in the same direction) Tourists were swarming all over the island. (v. (often disapproving) (of people, animals, etc.) to move around in a large group) make for: to move towards He rose from his seat and made for the door. For twenty minutes, the terminal area was aswarm with activity as cars and

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lorries poured forth, customs people did their duties, and everyone made for the London road. The ferry port was busy with activities for twenty minutes. A lot of cars and lorries went in continuous stream out of the port, customs officers were busy doing their duties, and everybody was moving towards the London road.
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thread: interwoven or ornamented with threads; to move or make sth move through streets threaded with fog: metaphor Bulldog Drummond: It is a 1929 detective film which tells the story of Captain

a narrow space, avoiding things that are in the way
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Hugh ―Bulldog‖ Drummond, a wealthy former WWI officer o f the fictional Loamshire Regiment, who, after the war, spends his new-found leisure time as a private detective. The character first appeared in the novel Bulldog Drummond (1920), and this was followed by a lengthy series of books and adaptations for films, radio and television.
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dismaying: adj. disappointing
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

catch a train to London, but the station, too, was dark and shuttered12. I was standing wondering what to do when I noticed a grey light of television filling an upstairs window of a guesthouse across the road. Hooray13, I thought, someone awake, and hastened across, planning humble apologies to the kindly14 owner for the lateness of my arrival and imagining a cheery15 conversation which included the line16, ―Oh, but I couldn’t possibly ask you to feed me at this hour. No, honestly – well, if you’re quite sure it’s no trouble, then perhaps just a roast beef sandwich and a large dill17 pickle18 with perhaps some potato salad and a bottle of beer.‖ The front path was pitch19 dark and in my eagerness and unfamiliarity with British doorways, I tripped on a step, crashing face-first into the door and sending half a dozen empty milk bottles
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shuttered: adj. with the shutters closed; with shutters fitted 关上卷闸门的 (P7) hooray: People sometimes shout ―Hooray!‖ when they are very happy and excited

about something. 好哇,好极了,万岁 hip, hip, hooray! (also less frequent hip, hip, hurrah/hurray!): used by a group of people to show their approval of sb. One person in the group says ―hip, hip‖ and the others then shout ―hooray‖. ●
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―Three cheers for the bride and groom: Hip, hip…‖ ―Hooray!‖ kindly: adj. [only before noun] (old-fashioned or literary) kind, caring and cheery: (informal) (of a person or their behaviour) happy and cheerful a cheery remark/smile/wave line: A particular type of line in a conversation is a remark that is intended to have chat-up lines like ―You’ve got beautiful eyes‖ 诸如“你的眼睛很漂亮”之类的 搭讪语 dill: n. a plant with yellow flowers whose leaves and seeds have a strong taste and pickle: n. a vegetable that has been preserved in vinegar or salt water and has a pitch: n. a black sticky substance made from oil or coal, used on roofs or the Touch pitch, and you will be defiled. 近墨者黑。 a football pitch (an area of ground specifically prepared and marked for playing a sports game) 足球场
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sympathetic
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a particular effect.(旨在取得某种效果的)话语 ●
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are used in cooking as a herb 莳萝 (P7)
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strong flavour, served cold with meat, salads, etc. 腌制食品 (P7)
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wooden boards of a ship to stop water from coming through 沥青;柏油 ● ●

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

clattering20. Almost immediately the upstairs window opened. 【3】―Who’s that?‖ came a sharp voice. 【4】I stepped back, rubbing my nose, and peered21 up at a silhouette22 with hair
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clatter: v. to make a loud, rattling sound, as that produced by hard objects striking The shutters clattered in the wind.

rapidly one against the other ● Onomatopoeia refers to the use of words which sound like the noise they refer to. Do you know any other onomatopoeia? 1) Describing human beings: babble 婴儿咿呀学语; hum 哼; hush 嘘; goggle 咯咯 笑声; ouch 哎呀; murmur 小声嘀咕; whisper 耳语声 2) Describing animals: baa/ bleat 羊叫声; buzz 蜜蜂嗡嗡声; chirp 虫鸣声; neigh 马 嘶声; twitter 鸟喳喳声; bowwow 狗汪汪叫; cock-a-doodle-doo mew 猫喵 3) Describing other things: thump 心脏砰砰; boom 大炮轰隆; clip-clop 马蹄得得声; tick-tack 钟滴答声; tinkling 叮当声; splash 哗哗声; bubble 咕嘟咕嘟汽泡声; dripping 滴答滴答声
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公鸡喔喔叫;

peer: v. to look closely or carefully at sth, especially when you cannot see it clearly

凝视,细看 (P7) peer vs. stare vs. gaze vs. glance vs. glimpse ● ● ● He peered closely at the photograph. I stared blankly at the paper in front of me. (to look at sb/sth for a long time) He sat for hours just gazing into space. (to look steadily at sb/sth for a long time, either because you are very interested or surprised, or because you are thinking of sth else) Note: The verbs ―stare‖ and ―gaze‖ are both used to talk about looking at something for a long time. If you stare at something or someone, it is often because you think they are strange or shocking. ● ● ● ● Various families came out and stared at us. A fresh-faced little girl gazes in wonder at the bright fairground lights. She glanced at her watch. (to look quickly at sth/sb) He’d glimpsed her through the window as he passed. (to see sb/sth for a moment, but not very clearly)
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If you gaze at something, it is often because you think it is marvelous or impressive.

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

curlers. ―Hello, I’m looking for a room,‖ I said. 【5】―We’re shut.‖ 【6】―Oh. But what about my supper? ‖ 【7】―Try the Churchill. On the front.‖ 【8】―On the front of what?‖ I asked, but the window was already banging closed. 【9】The Churchill was sumptuous23 and well lit and appeared ready to receive visitors. Through a window I could see people in suits24 in a bar, looking elegant and suave25, like characters from a Noel Coward26 play. I hesitated in the shadows,
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silhouette: n. the dark outline or shape of a person or an object that you see against sumptuous: adj. (formal) very expensive and looking very impressive 豪华的, 华 suit: a set of clothes made of the same cloth, including a jacket and trousers/pants

a light background 轮廓,剪影 (P7)
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丽的 (P7)
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or a skirt in your birthday suit: (humorous) not wearing any clothes suit vs. fit vs. match You do not use the verb ―suit‖ if clothes are simply not the right size for you. The verb you need is ―fit‖. ● ● The size 12 gown was gorgeous and fitted perfectly. The gloves didn’t fit.

You can say that something ―suits‖ a person or place if it looks attractive on that person or in that place. ● It is really feminine and pretty and it certainly suits you. However, you cannot usually say that one color, pattern, or object ―suits‖ another. The verb you need is ―match‖. ● ●
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She wears a straw hat with a yellow ribbon to match her yellow cheesecloth dress. His clothes don’t quite match. suave: adj. (especially of a man) confident, elegant and polite, sometimes in a way Noel Coward

that does not seem sincere 文雅的,有礼貌的 (P7)
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Sir Noel Peirce Coward (1899-1973) was an English playwright, composer, director,
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

feeling like a street urchin27. I was socially and sartorially28 ill-suited29 for such an establishment30 and anyway it was clearly beyond my meager31 budget32. actor and singer, known for his wit, flamboyance and what Time magazine called ―a sense of personal style, a combination of cheek and chic, pose and poise‖. Coward achieved enduring success as a playwright, publishing more than 50 plays from his teens onwards. Many of his works, such as Hay Fever, Private Lives, Design for Living, Present Laughter and Blithe Spirit, have remained in the regular theatre repertoire. He composed hundreds of songs, in addition to well over a dozen musical theatre works, poetry, several volumes of short stories, the novel Pomp and Circumstance, and a three-volume autobiography. The Noel Coward Theatre in London was renamed in his honor in 2006. The characters and settings of most of Noel’s works are of the high society. He was both the epitome of upper-class English manners and a satirist who exposed the foibles and hypocrisies of his age, although he was born to a lower-middle class family. Although he wrote some of the most popular plays of his time, he was also known for his entertaining personality and his abilities as a witty storyteller. Coward was honored in recognition of his talents and service to his country when he was made a knight by England’s Queen Elizabeth in 1970.
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urchin: n. (old-fashioned) a young child who is poor and dirty, often one who has sartorial: adj. [only before noun] (formal) relating to clothes, especially men’s He is known for his sartorial elegance. ill-suited: not suitable

no home 流浪儿 (P7)
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clothes, and the way they are made or worn 服装的; (尤指)男装的;衣着的 ●
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ill: adv. badly, poorly Do you know any other phrases with “ill”? ●
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ill-treated, ill-conditioned, ill-advised, ill-prepared, ill-mannered establishment: n. the place where a business is carried on meager: adj. small in quantity and poor in quality 贫乏的,不足的 (P7) SYN a meager salary; a meager harvest

scanty, insufficient; OPP plentiful, sufficient, abundant ● What other words can you use to modify “budget”? tight, small, reasonable, generous
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

Only the previous day, I had handed over an exceptionally plump 33 wad 34 of colorful francs to a beady-eyed35 Picardy36 hotelier37 in payment for one night in a lumpy38 bed and a plate of mysterious chasseur39 containing the bones of assorted40
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I was socially and sartorially ill-suited for such an establishment and anyway

it was clearly beyond my meager budget. The Churchill is such a luxurious hotel that it is only suitable for those rich people who are socially respectable and well dressed. For me, a poor man not well dressed, it is definitely not suitable. Besides I did not have much money to spend and could not afford it any way. meager budget: not enough money
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plump: adj. (of amounts of money) generous; ample a plump cheque wad: n. a thick pile of pieces of paper, paper money, etc. folded or rolled together beady-eyed: (informal) watching carefully and noticing every small detail 机警地 We were being watched by a beady-eyed security guard. Picardy: Picardy is a historical province of France, in the north of France. The


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(纸张、钞票等的)卷,沓,捆 (P7)
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盯着的;目光锐利的 ●
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historical capital and largest city is Amiens. During the Middle Ages, ―Picardy‖ referred to that part of France north of Paris, and it even included the Dutch-speaking Flanders. Picardy proper now lies inside the administrative region of Picardy, making up half of this region. Villages of Picardy have a distinct character, with their houses made of dark red bricks, in contrast with the neighboring provinces. A minority of people still speak the Picard language.
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hotelier: n. a person who owns or manages a hotel 旅馆老板,旅馆经理 (P7) lumpy: Something that is lumpy contains lumps or is covered with lumps. 多结块 When the rice isn’t cooked properly it goes lumpy and gooey. 米饭没煮好会结 块,而且软黏黏的。 chasseur: [uncountable] (from French) chasseur sauce is made with wine and assorted: various different sorts The meat is served with salad or assorted vegetables. assorted flavors / sizes
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的;起疙瘩的 ●
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mushrooms and served with meat 猎人式(用葡萄酒和蘑菇调制酱汁)
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

small animals, much of which had to be secreted41 away in a large napkin42 in order not to appear impolite, and had determined thenceforth43 to be more cautious with expenditures. So I turned reluctantly from the Churchill’s beckoning44 warmth and trudged45 off into the darkness.

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secrete: Insulin is secreted by the pancreas. 胰岛素是胰腺分泌的。 The drugs were secreted in the lining of his case. 毒品藏在他的皮箱内衬中。 napkin: (also table napkin) a piece of cloth or paper used at meals for protecting SYN serviette 餐巾;餐巾纸

1) (of part of the body or a plant) to produce a liquid substance 分泌 ● ●
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2) (formal) to hide sth, especially sth small 隐藏,藏匿(小物件)

your clothes and cleaning your lips and fingers 作手帕的)纸巾,手巾纸 ●
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tissue: a piece of soft paper that absorbs liquids, used esp. as a handkerchief(尤指用 a box of tissues thenceforth: (also thenceforward) adv. (old use or formal) starting from a My life was totally different thenceforth.

particular time in the past that you have mentioned 从那时起;从此 ● Compare henceforth (also henceforward): adv. (formal) from this time onwards 从今 以后;此后 ● Henceforth, parties which fail to get 5% of the vote will not be represented in parliament. 从今以后,选票数量未达到总数 5%的党派将不能在议会里占有 席位。
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beckon: nearer or to follow you

1) to give sb a signal using your finger or hand, especially to tell them to move ● ● ●
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He beckoned to the waiter to bring the bill. 他招手示意服务生把账单送过来。 The clear blue sea beckoned. 清澈蔚蓝的大海令人向往。 For many kids leaving college the prospect of unemployment beckons. 许多刚踏 出大学校门的孩子可能面临着失业。 trudge: v. to walk slowly or with heavy steps, because you are tired or carrying sth

2) to appear very attractive to sb 3) to be sth that is likely to happen or will possibly happen to sb in the future

heavy 步履艰难地走
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

【10】Further along Marine Parade stood a shelter, open to the elements46 but roofed, and I decided that this was as good as I was going to get.47 With my backpack48 for a pillow, I lay down and drew my jacket tight around me. The bench was slatted49 and hard and studded50 with big roundheaded bolts51 that made

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the elements: [pl.] the weather, especially bad weather Are we going to brave the elements and go for a walk? 我们要冒着风雨去散步 吗? to be exposed to the elements 经受风吹雨打 Further along Marine Parade [adverbial] stood [predicate] a shelter [subject],

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open to the elements but roofed [subject complement], and I decided that this was as good as I was going to get. In the distance on the Marine Parade I found a structure with a roof although it was exposed to natural forces. I decided that it could serve my purpose and would be as good as a room in a guesthouse. Why is inverted sentences used usually? 1) to emphasize ● ● ● Only in this way can we lead a more relaxed life. Down came the hammer and out flew the sparks. So says Dr. Robert S. Eliot, author of a new book titled From Stress to Strength: How to Lighten Your Load and Save Your Life. 4) to connect with the prior information ●
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2) to achieve vividness 3) to balance parts of the sentence

The church is a very attractive modern building completed just before the last war. Attached to it is a residential home for old people. backpack: (esp. AmE) (also rucksack BrE) a large bag, often supported on a light

metal frame, carried on the back and used especially by people who go climbing or walking 背包,旅行包
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slatted: adj. made of slats (= thin pieces of wood) 用条板做成的 (P7) studded: adj. decorated with small raised pieces of metal 饰以钉的 (P7) bolt: in order to lock it(门窗的)闩,插销
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1) a long, narrow piece of metal that you slide across the inside of a door or window

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

reclining52 in comfort an impossibility – doubtless53 their intention.54 I lay for a long time listening to the sea washing over the shingle55 below, and eventually dropped off56 to a long, cold night of mumbled57 dreams in which I found myself ● He slid back the bolt on the door. (= a nut ) to fasten things together 螺栓 ● nuts and bolts 螺帽和螺栓 3) ~ of lightning: a sudden flash of lightning in the sky, appearing as a line 闪电 4) a short heavy arrow shot from a crossbow 弩箭 5) a long piece of cloth wound in a roll around a piece of cardboard 一匹布 a bolt from the blue: an event or a piece of news which is sudden and unexpected; a complete surprise ● Her dismissal came as a bolt from the blue. 她的解雇简直就是晴天霹雳。 make a bolt for sth | make a bolt for it: to run away very fast, in order to escape 迅速 逃跑;溜走
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2) a piece of metal like a screw without a point which is used with a circle of metal

recline: v. to sit or lie in a relaxed way, with your body leaning backwards 躺,斜

依 (P7) recliner (also recliner chair) (especially AmE): a soft comfortable chair with a back that can be pushed back at an angle so that you can lean back in it(可调式)躺椅
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doubtless: adv. (also less frequent doubtlessly) almost certainly SYN without He would doubtless disapprove of what Kelly was doing. 他不会赞同凯利做的 事。 The bench was slatted and hard and studded with big roundheaded bolts that

doubt ●
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made reclining in comfort an impossibility – doubtless their intention. The bench was made of thin pieces of wood and thus very hard to sleep on. Besides it was decorated with big roundheaded bolts. Therefore it was impossible to lie on it in a comfortable way. There is no doubt that the bench was designed in this way on purpose.
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shingle: n. a mass of small smooth stones on a beach or at the side of a river 覆盖 drop off: (BrE, informal) I dropped off and missed the end of the film. (to fall into a light sleep) 我打了个 盹儿,错过了影片的结尾。
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着粗砾石的海滩 (P7)
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

being pursued over Arctic 58 ice floes 59 by a beady-eyed Frenchman with a catapult60, a bag of bolts, and an uncanny61 aim, who thwacked62 me repeatedly in the buttocks63 and legs for stealing a linen64 napkin full of seepy65 food and leaving it at the back of a dresser drawer of my hotel room. I awoke with a gasp66 about three, stiff all over and quivering from cold. The fog had gone. The air was now still and clear, and the sky was bright with stars. A beacon from the lighthouse at the far end of ●
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Traffic in the town has dropped off since the bypass opened. (to become fewer or less) 这条旁道通车后,城里来往的车辆就减少了。 mumble: to speak or say sth in a quiet voice in a way that is not clear 嘟哝;口齿 Arctic: (compare Antarctic)

不清地说
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1) [only before noun] related to or happening in the regions around the North Pole ● ●
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Arctic explorers 北极探险者 TV pictures showed the arctic conditions. 电视画面显示了严寒的环境。 ice floe (also floe): n. a large area of ice, floating in the sea(海上的)大片浮冰 catapult: n. a stick shaped like a Y with a rubber band attached to it, used by uncanny: adj. strange and difficult to explain 离奇的,不可思议的 (P7) thwack: v. to hit sb/sth hard, making a short loud sound 猛打,重击 (P7) buttock: n. either of the two round soft parts at the top of a person’s legs 臀部 linen: a type of cloth made from flax, used to make high quality clothes, sheets, etc. seep: (especially of liquids) to flow slowly and in small quantities through sth or Water seeped from a crack in the pipe. 水从管道的一个裂缝中渗出。 (figurative) Gradually the pain seeped away. 疼痛渐渐消失了。 gasp: n. a quick deep breath, usually caused by a strong emotion to give a gasp of horror/surprise/relief 惊恐得/吃惊得倒抽一口气;如释重负地 松一口气 His breath came in short gasps. 他急促地喘着气。
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2) arctic: extremely cold the Arctic: the regions of the world around the North Pole

children for shooting stones 弹弓 (P7)
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(P7)
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亚麻布
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into sth 渗;渗透 ● ●
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

the breakwater67 swept endlessly over the sea. It was all most fetching68, but I was far too cold to appreciate it. I dug 69 shiveringly through my backpack and extracted70 every potentially warming item I could find — a flannel shirt, two sweaters, an extra pair of jeans. I used some woolen socks as mittens and put a pair of flannel71 boxer shorts72 on my head as a kind of desperate headwarmer, then sank73
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breakwater: n. a wall built out into the sea to protect the shore or harbour from the fetching: adj. attractive 迷人的,吸引人的 (P7) dig: to search in sth in order to find an object in sth I dug around in my bag for a pen. extract: chemical process

force of the waves 防波堤 (P7)
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1) to remove or obtain a substance from sth, for example by using an industrial or a ● to extract essential oils from plants 从植物中提取香精油 give it 索取,设法得到 ● Journalists managed to extract all kinds of information about her private life. particular purpose 选取;摘录;选录 ● This article is extracted from his new book. effort(用力)取出,拔出 ● ● The dentist may decide that the wisdom teeth need to be extracted. 牙医可能会 认为智牙需要拔掉。 He rifled through his briefcase and extracted a file. 他在公文包内搜索一番,取 出一份文件。 5) (formal) to get a particular feeling or quality from a situation 获得,得到 ●
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2) to obtain information, money, etc, often by taking it from sb who is unwilling to

3) to choose information, etc. from a book, a computer, etc. to be used for a

4) (formal or technical) to take or pull sth out, especially when this needs force or

They are unlikely to extract much benefit from the trip. flannel: n. a type of soft light cloth, containing cotton or wool, used for making boxer shorts: (also boxers) (AmE also shorts) men’s underpants similar to the a pair of boxer shorts 一条平脚短内裤 sink: (of a person) to move downwards, esp. by falling or sitting down 倒下;坐下
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clothes 法兰绒 (P7)
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shorts worn by boxers 男用平脚短内裤(类似拳击短裤) ●
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

heavily back onto the bench and waited patiently for death’s sweet kiss74. Instead, I fell asleep. 【11】I was awakened again by an abrupt bellow75 of foghorn76, which nearly knocked me from my narrow perch, and sat up feeling wretched77 but fractionally78 less cold. The world was bathed79 in that milky pre-dawn light that seems to come from nowhere. Gulls wheeled80 and cried over the water. Beyond them, past the stone breakwater, a ferry, vast and well lit, slid regally81 out to sea. I sat there for some time, a young man with more on his mind than in it82. Another booming83 moan

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kiss:

the kiss of death: (informal, especially humorous) an event that seems good, but is certain to make sth else fail 貌似有利却肯定会在别处导致失利的事物;表面有利 实则有害的事物 ● An award can be the kiss of death for a writer. the kiss of life: (BrE) a method of helping sb who has stopped breathing to breathe again by placing your mouth on theirs and forcing air into their lungs 人工呼吸(口 对口) SYN mouth-to-mouth resuscitation
75 76

bellow: n. a loud deep sound 低沉巨响 (P7) foghorn: an instrument that makes a loud noise to warn ships of danger in fog 雾 He’s got a voice like a foghorn (= a loud unpleasant voice). wretched: (of a person) feeling ill/sick or unhappy Your look wretched – what’s wrong? fractionally: adv. to a very small degree 微小地,微乎其微地 (P7) bathed: adj. The castle was bathed in moonlight. 城堡沐浴在月光里。 I was so nervous that I was bathed in perspiration. 我紧张得浑身是汗。 wheel: to move or fly in a circle Birds wheeled above us in the sky. 鸟儿在我们上空盘旋。 regal: adj. typical of a king or queen, and therefore impressive 国王般的,庄严的 to have sth on his mind: if sth is on sb’s mind, s/he is thinking about it a lot or
13

角,雾喇叭 ●
77


78 79

1) (literary) covered with light ● ●
80

2) wet because covered with sweat or tears


81

(P7)
82

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

from the ship’s foghorn passed over the water, re-exciting the irksome84 gulls. I took off my sock mittens and looked at my watch. It was 5.55 a.m. I looked at the receding85 ferry and wondered where anybody would be going at that hour. Where would I go at that hour? I picked up my backpack and shuffled86 off down the prom87, to get some circulation88 going. worrying about it. ● I’m sorry if I’ve been a bit irritable recently but I’ve got a lot on my mind (= I’m worrying a lot) at the moment. to have sth in one’s mind: to be thinking about sth as a possibility ● ―I thought we might eat out tonight.‖ ―Where did you have in mind?‖ give someone a piece of one’s mind: to criticize someone frankly or vehemently out of one’s mind: insane in two minds / of two minds: undecided; wavering have half a mind to do sth: not definite or resolute in one’s mind’s eye: in one’s imagination or memory set/put one’s mind at rest / ease: stop worrying, allay one’s anxiety at the back of your mind: sth worrying you is always in your mind although you do not spend time thinking about it slip one’s mind: pass out of one’s memory
83

boom: to make a loud deep sound Outside, thunder boomed and crashed. 外面雷声隆隆,霹雳炸响。 irksome: adj. annoying or irritating 使人厌倦的 (P7) recede: v. She watched his receding figure. 她看着他的身影渐渐远去。 smaller


84 85

1) to move gradually away from sb or away from a previous position ● 2) (especially of a problem, feeling or quality) to become gradually weaker or ● The prospect of bankruptcy has now receded (= it is less likely). 破产的可能性 现已减少了。 3) (of hair) to stop growing at the front of the head ●
86

a middle-aged man with receding hair / a receding hairline 发际后移的中年男子 shuffle: v. to walk slowly without lifting your feet completely off the ground 拖着 prom: (BrE, informal, becoming old-fashioned) = promenade, a public place for
14

步子走 (P7)
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

【12】Near the Churchill, now itself peacefully sleeping, I came across an old guy walking a little dog. The man nodded a good-morning as I drew level89. ―Might turn out nice,‖ he announced, gazing hopefully at a sky that looked like a pile of wet towels90. I asked him if there was a restaurant anywhere that might be open. He knew of a place not far away and directed me to it91. 【13】―Very popular with the lorry drivers. They always know the best places, don’t they?‖ He smiled amiably92, then lowered his voice a fraction93 and leaned towards

walking, usually a wide path beside the sea 公共散步场所; (常指)滨海步行大道
88

circulation: n. Regular exercise will improve blood circulation. 流通

1) the movement of blood around the body 血液循环 (P7) ● 2) the passing or spreading of sth from one person or place to another 传递;流传; ● the circulation of money/information/ideas 交活动,交际 ● I was out of circulation for months after the baby was born. week, etc (报刊)发行量,销售量 ●
89

3) the fact that sb takes part in social activities at a particular time(某段时间的)社

4) the usual number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold each day, a daily circulation of more than one million level: adj. She drew level with (=came beside) the police car. France took an early lead but Wales soon drew level (=scored the same number of points).
90 91

● ●

like a pile of wet towels: simile direct sb (to …): to tell or show sb how to get to somewhere or where to go Could you direct me to the station? A police officer was directing the traffic.

● ●

direct sth to/towards/at/against sth/sb: to aim sth in a particular direction or at a particular person ● ●
92

There are three main issues that we need to direct our attention to. Was that remark directed at me? amiable: adj. pleasant; friendly and easy to like SYN agreeable
15

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

me as if about to share a confidence94. ―You might want to take them pants off your head before you go in.‖ 【14】I clutched my head — ―Oh!‖ — and removed the forgotten boxer shorts with a


93

Her parents seemed very amiable. fraction: n. It was only a fraction away from completion. a fraction of sth

amiability n. 1) a very small amount; a little bit ● ● 2) a small part or amount of sth Note: If fraction is used with a plural noun, the verb is usually plural. ● Only a fraction of cars in the UK use leaded petrol. If it is used with a singular noun that represents a group of people, the verb can be singular or plural in BrE, but is usually singular in AmE. ●
94

A tiny fraction of the population never vote/votes. confidence: n. (formal) a secret that you tell sb The girls exchanged confidences. 女孩子们相互吐露自己的心事。 I could never forgive Mike for betraying a confidence. 迈克泄露了秘密, 我决不 会饶恕他。

● ●

be in sb’s confidence: to be trusted with sb’s secrets ● He is said to be very much in the President’s confidence. 据说他深受总统的信 任。 take sb into your confidence: to tell sb secrets and personal information about yourself ● She took me into her confidence and told me about the problems she was facing. 她把我当成知己,把她面临的种种难题都向我和盘托出。 confidential: adj. to be kept secret; not to be made known to others ● ● confidential information / documents 机密情报/文件 Your medical records are strictly confidential (= completely secret). 你的病历是 绝对保密的。 confide: v. to impart secrets trustfully; discuss private matters or problems (usually followed by in ) ● It is important to have someone you can confide in. 有一位心腹知己很重要。
16

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

blush. I tried to think of a succinct95 explanation, but the man was scanning96 the sky again. 【15】 The caféwas outstanding — lively and steamy and deliciously97 warm. I had a

95

succinct: (approving) expressed clearly and in a few words SYN concise Keep your answers as succinct as possible. You put that very succinctly. 你说得十分简明扼要。 scan: particular thing or person SYN scrutinize

● ●
96

1) to look at every part of sth carefully, especially because you are looking for a ● He scanned the horizon for any sign of land. 他仔细眺望地平线, 找寻陆地的踪 影。 2) to look quickly but not very carefully at a document, etc. ● She scanned through the newspaper over breakfast. 她边吃早饭,边浏览报纸。 X-rays , ultrasound waves or electromagnetic waves over it in a special machine ● Their brains are scanned so that researchers can monitor the progress of the disease. 研究人员对他们的大脑加以扫描,以监视病情的发展。 4) (of a light, radar, etc.) to pass across an area ● Concealed video cameras scan every part of the compound. 几台暗藏的摄像机 把院子里的每一个角落都拍了进去。 5) (computing) (of a program) to examine a computer program or document in order to look for a virus ● This software is designed to scan all new files for viruses. 这个软件是为搜索所 有新文件的病毒而设计。 6) (computing) to pass light over a picture or document using a scanner in order to copy it and put it in the memory of a computer ● How do I scan a photo and attach it to an email? 怎样把照片扫描并放到电子邮 件的附件呢? 7) (of poetry) to have a regular rhythm according to fixed rules ●
97

3) to get an image of an object, a part of sb's body, etc. on a computer by passing

This line doesn’t scan. 这一行不合韵律。 delicious: (literary) extremely pleasant or enjoyable the delicious coolness of the breeze
17



【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

platter98 of eggs, beans, fried bread, bacon and sausage, with a side plate of bread and marge99, and two cups of tea, all for 22p. Afterwards, feeling a new man, I emerged with a toothpick and a burp100, and sauntered101 happily through the streets, watching Dover come to life102. It must be said that Dover was not vastly improved by daylight, but I liked it.103 I liked its small scale and cosy104 air, and the way everyone said ―Good-morning,‖ and ―Hello,‖ and ―Dreadful weather — but it might brighten up,‖ to everyone else, and the sense that this was just one more in a
98 99

platter: n. a large plate that is used for serving food 大浅盘 (P7) marge: n. a yellow substance like butter made from animal or vegetable fats, used burp: n. a noise made when you let out air from the stomach through the mouth saunter: to walk in a slow relaxed way SYN stroll He sauntered by, looking as if he had all the time in the world. come to life: The match finally came to life in the second half. 比赛在下半场终于精彩起来。 In my dream all my toys came to life. 我的玩具在梦里都活过来了。 Afterwards, feeling a new man, I emerged with a toothpick and a burp, and

in cooking or spread on bread, etc. 人造奶油 (P7)
100

嗝 (P7)
101


102

1) to become more interesting, exciting or full of activity ● ●
103

2) to start to act or move as if alive

sauntered happily through the streets, watching Dover come to life. It must be said that Dover was not vastly improved by daylight, but I liked it. After the breakfast I felt like a new man and walked out of the cafe with a toothpick in my mouth and burped. I wandered on the street leisurely and happily, seeing Dover become more lively. I had to admit that Dover did not become a more attractive town during the daytime, but anyway I liked it. … feeling a new man, I emerged …… sauntered through the streets, watching … Pay attention to the sentence structure: ● ●
104

The girl left the palace and went to the lake, weeping bitterly. She begged him not to drink too much, reminding him that he’d have to drive home. cosy (AmE cozy): warm, comfortable and safe, esp. because of being small or I felt warm and cosy sitting by the fire.
18

confined ●

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island
105

very

long

series

of

fundamentally

cheerful,

well-ordered,

pleasantly

uneventful106 days. No one in the whole of Dover would have any particular reason to remember 21 March 1973, except for me and a handful of107 children born that day and possibly one old guy with a dog who had encountered a young fellow with underpants on his head.

105

fundamentally: used when you are saying what is the most important thing about SYN basically She is fundamentally a nice person, but she finds it difficult to communicate. 她 基本上是个好人,但她觉得难以和人沟通。 uneventful: in which nothing interesting, unusual or exciting happens 平淡无奇 an uneventful life a handful of: a handful of rice 一把米 Only a handful of people came. 只有少数几个人来了。 Her children can be a real handful. 她的孩子们有时很难管教。
19

sb/sth ●
106

的;平凡的;缺乏刺激的 OPP eventful ●
107

1) ~ (of sth): the amount of sth that can be held in one hand ● ● ● 2) ~ (of sb/sth): a small number of people or things 3) a ~: (informal) a person or an animal that is difficult to control

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

小岛笔记
比尔·布莱森

【1】我头一次看见英国是在一九七三年三月的一个雾蒙蒙的夜晚,我搭上从加 来港出发的午夜轮渡抵达多佛。有二十分钟光景,多佛港站头上沸反盈天,这头 轿车卡车势如潮涌,那厢海关差役恪尽职守,人人都忙着赶路去伦敦。随后,突 然间,一切归于沉寂,我漫步在睡意正浓、雾气迷蒙的昏暗街头,活像是置身于 系列片《牛头犬德拉蒙德》 。将一个英国小镇独揽入怀,这滋味实在绝妙。 【2】有一件事叫人发慌,那天晚上好像所有的饭店和招待所统统关了门。我一 路-走到火车站,寻思着能赶上去伦敦的班车,可那车站也是黑灯瞎火、大门紧 闭。 我正站在那里不晓得如何是好,却发现马路对面一家招待所楼上的窗户里 闪着电视的灰光。万岁,我想,好歹有人醒着,于是一边急忙穿过马路,一边打 好腹稿,准备跟那个慈眉善目的老板客气一番,为自己的迟来而道歉,满以为会 晤谈甚欢, 甚至想好了下面的台词:“实在不敢劳您大驾在这个时候为我准备食 物,但是如果不太麻烦的话,能否给我一份烤牛肉三明治、大份莳萝咸菜,一点 土豆色拉,再加一瓶啤酒。”通往招待所的人行道漆黑一片,我心里怀着一腔渴 望,脚下却对英式门廊的路不大习惯,在一级楼梯上绊了一跤,脸直直地砸在门 上, 撞上半打空奶瓶, 立时哐啷哐啷地响起来。 楼上的窗户几乎紧接着就打开了。 【3】“谁啊?”有人尖着嗓子问道。 【4】我后退一步,一边揉鼻子,一边抬眼凝视一个戴着发卷的侧影。“你好, 我想找间房,”我说。 【5】“我们关门啦。” 【6】“哦。可是在哪儿吃晚餐呢?” 【7】“试试丘吉尔吧。在前面。” 【8】“在什么前面啊?”我刚发问,那扇窗就已经砰地一声关上了。 【9】“丘吉尔”富丽堂皇、灯火通明,看起来热情好客。透过一扇窗户,我能 瞧见酒吧里有人西装笔挺, 看上去温文尔雅,活像诺埃尔·考沃德戏里出现的人 物。我在阴影中踌躇,感觉自己像个街头流浪儿。就我这阶层,就我这身打扮, 跟这么一栋楼是格格不入的, 而且, 不管怎么说吧, 我口袋里那几个寒碜的子儿, 显然付不起这笔开销。 就在昨天,我刚刚把一叠厚得出奇的花花绿绿的法郎交给
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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

一位目光如炬的饭店老板买单,换来的不过是在一张疙疙瘩瘩的床铺睡上一晚, 吃到一盘希奇古怪的名叫“沙瑟”的玩意,里面包含着杂七杂八的小动物的骨 头,其中有不少我还得用一大块餐巾偷偷包起来扔掉,付完帐后我下定决心,从 今以后开支用度务必慎之又慎。 于是我老大不情愿地转过身,离开“丘吉尔”那 诱人的温暖,步履艰难地投入黑夜。 【10】 沿着海滨大道再往前一段, 矗立着一座棚屋, 四壁洞开, 但好歹有个屋顶, 于是我认定能栖身此地对我已是能有的最好选择。我拿背囊当枕头,躺下来,将 外套紧紧裹在自己身上。长凳上覆了层板条,硬邦邦的,还敲着圆头大螺钉,想 舒舒服服地躺着根本不可能——毫无疑问,他们这是存心的。地势低处,海水冲 刷着海岸,我躺着听了好久好久,到底还是渐渐坠进了长夜,这一夜梦与梦夹缠 连缀,我觉得自己置身于北极的冰原,有个目光如炬的法国人手持一枚弹弓、一 袋螺钉,身怀百发百中之绝技,不依不饶地照着我的屁股和大腿一顿猛揍,就因 为我偷了一块亚麻餐巾, 裹满汤汤水水的吃食,搁在我住的饭店房间里那张梳妆 台抽屉深处。约莫三点,我气喘吁吁地醒转来,浑身都给冻僵了,直打冷战。雾 已退去。空气凝滞而清澈,天上星汉灿烂。防波堤远端的灯塔上有道光束在海面 上来回扫。一切无不动人心魄,而我实在冷得无心玩赏。我抖抖索索地在背囊里 猛搜,大小物件,但凡有一丁点用以取暖的可能,都让我给挖掘出来了——一件 法兰绒衬衫,两件套头毛衣,一条备用牛仔裤。我拿几双羊毛袜当手套用,将一 双法兰绒拳击短裤裹在头上, 权当是走投无路了, 只好靠这个让脑袋瓜子暖一暖, 然后我重重地往长凳上一倒,视死如归,直等死神来甜甜一吻。不期然,我倒是 睡着了。 【11】冷不防鸣响一声雾哨,把我再度惊醒,弄得我差点从那根窄窄的栖木上跌 下来,我坐起身,心里好不凄惨,不过那股子冷劲倒是略有缓解。天欲破晓,整 个世界都沐浴在那不知来自何方的乳色光晕里。水面上,海鸥滑翔而过,声声不 绝。再远处,越过防波石堤,一艘灯光明亮的大渡轮气宇轩昂地开拔出海。我在 那里坐了一会儿。瞧我这么个小伙子,心上的压力多,心里的主意少。船上的雾 哨又遽然响起哀鸣,声音从水上飘过,又激得那烦人的海鸥兴奋起来。我脱下用 袜子充当的手套,看看表。正是早晨五点五十五分。我看着渐行渐远的渡轮,心 里琢磨, 这个钟点会有人出发吗?这个钟点我要到哪里去?我拿起背囊,沿着海 滨大道蹒跚而行,好歹也能增加点血液循环。 【12】 此刻的“丘吉尔”正在安安稳稳地酣睡,我在它附近遇见一个正在遛狗的 老头。 那人在我跟他平行的时候, 冲我点点头道了声早安。 “天没准会好起来, ” 他一边宣告, 一边满怀期待地凝视着宛若一堆湿毛巾的天空。我问他哪里会不会
21

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

有家餐馆开着门。他知道有个地儿离这里不远,就给我指了指方向。 【13】“卡车司机很喜欢的。他们向来都晓得哪里是最好的去处,不是吗?”他 和蔼地笑了笑,然后略略压低嗓音,朝我斜靠过来,那架势像是要跟我分享一则 机密。“你进去以前,该会把那条短裤从头上脱下来吧。” 【14】我一抓脑门——“啊!”——红着脸把那条早已忘却的拳击短裤摘下来。 还没等我想好该怎么自圆其说,那人就又打量起天空来。 【15】餐厅很出色——生机勃勃,热气腾腾,温暖惬意。我吃了一大盘鸡蛋、豆 子、油炸面包、熏肉、香肠,外加一碟面包配上油汪汪的麦淇淋,还有两杯茶, 总共二十二便士。饭一吃完,顿感自己焕然一新,我叼着牙签,打着饱嗝,在大 街小巷上闲逛,看着多佛港醒过来。说句实话,白昼的来临也并没有让多佛的面 貌脱胎换骨,可我喜欢。我喜欢这小小的格局,喜欢惬意的空气,喜欢人人都念 叨“早上好”、 “你好啊! ”以及“天气真糟——不过也许会好起来! ”的样子, 还喜欢这样一种感觉:大体上开开心心、井井有条、波澜不惊的岁月悠长不息, 今朝无非又是这样一天罢了。 整个多佛,没人会有什么特别的理由记住一九七三 年三月二十一日, 除了我和几个屈指可数的在这天出生的孩子,没准儿还有个遛 着狗的老头,因为他在半路上撞见了用短裤包头的小伙子。

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【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

Comprehension Check
? Reading for general ideas (P8) 1. When did the author arrive in England for the first time? How did he get there? He arrived in England on a foggy night in March 1973. He went there on a midnight ferry from Calais. 2. What was his first impression of Dover, the first British town he ever visited? Since he arrived there in the midnight, the town was sleeping, low-lit and foggy. All the hotels and guesthouses appeared to be shut up for the night. Even the rail station was dark and shuttered. 3. Did he succeed in finding accommodation for the night? He could not find accommodation for the night. Most of the hotels and guesthouses appeared to be shut up. The only guesthouse he found still with lights on refused to take him and recommended the Churchill while the latter appeared too expensive for him. 4. Where did he spend the night? Did he have a good sleep? He spent the night on a bench in the street, a place open to the elements but roofed. He did not sleep well. He woke up twice and had a nightmare. 5. Where did he have breakfast? Did he enjoy his breakfast? He had his breakfast in a cafe. He enjoyed it very much. 6. What is the tone of the article? Can you give any examples to illustrate it? The tone of the article is humorous with slight satire. For example, the reality that he could not find accommodation must be very annoying to him, but he only refers it as ―the only mildly dismaying thing‖. Before he approached the guesthouse, he imagined a cheery conversation but was rudely refused at the first place, no chance to offer his humble apology at all. When he had nowhere to go and finally decided to sleep on the street, he referred it as ―a shelter open to the elements but roofed‖ and ―decided that this was as good as I was going to get‖. ? Reading and making interpretations (P9) 1. For twenty minutes, the terminal area was aswarm with activity as cars and lorries poured forth, customs people did their duties, and everyone made for the London road. The ferry port was busy with activities for twenty minutes. A lot of cars and

23

【Unit 1】Text I

Notes from a Small Island

lorries went in continuous stream out of the port, customs officers were busy doing their duties, and everybody was moving towards the London road. 2. I was socially and sartorially ill-suited for such an establishment and anyway it was clearly beyond my meager budget. The Churchill is such a luxurious hotel that it is only suitable for those rich people who are socially respectable and well dressed. For me, a poor man not well dressed, it is definitely not suitable. Besides I did not have much money to spend and could not afford it any way. 3. Further along Marine Parade stood a shelter, open to the elements but roofed, and I decided that this was as good as I was going to get. In the distance on the Marine Parade I found a structure with a roof although it was exposed to natural forces. I decided that it could serve my purpose and would be as good as a room in a guesthouse. 4. The bench was slatted and hard and studded with big roundheaded bolts that made reclining in comfort an impossibility – doubtless their intention. The bench was made of thin pieces of wood and thus very hard to sleep on. Besides it was decorated with big roundheaded bolts. Therefore it was impossible to lie on it in a comfortable way. There is no doubt that the bench was designed in this way on purpose. 5. Afterwards, feeling a new man, I emerged with a toothpick and a burp, and sauntered happily through the streets, watching Dover come to life. It must be said that Dover was not vastly improved by daylight, but I liked it. After the breakfast I felt like a new man and walked out of the cafe with a toothpick in my mouth and burped. I wandered on the street leisurely and happily, seeing Dover become more lively. I had to admit that Dover did not become a more attractive town during the daytime, but anyway I liked it.

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