名词性从句学案 课前导学： 1．名词性从句有哪些？________________________________________________ 2.名词性从句的引导词： 单词 连词 that if / whether what (ever) 连接 代词 which (ever) who (ever) whom (ever) whose (ever) when 连接 副词 wh
ere why how / 是否 (无论)什么 （无论）哪个 （无论）谁 （无论）谁 （无论）谁的 什么时候 在哪里 为什么 怎样 词义 在词中所充当的成分 / / 主、宾、表 主、宾、定 主、宾、表 宾 定 状 状 状 状
一． 主语从句:在复合句中充当_______的从句 What he wants to tell us is not clear. Where the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 二．宾语从句:在句子中充当_______的从句叫做宾语从句。 She did not know what had happened. Our success depends upon how well we can cooperate with one another. 三、表语从句:在复合句中作_______的名词性从句，放在______之后。 That is why he didn’t come to the meeting. It looks as if it is going to rain. But the fact remains that we are behind the other classes. 四 、 同 位 语 从 句 : 说 明 其 前 面 ________ 的 具 体 内 容 。 如 ： news, __________________________________引导同位语从句的连接词通常有________________ 连接副词 when, where, why, how； I have no idea when she will be back. The news that we won the game is exciting. 找出下列句子中的从句并辨别种类： 1）Whether a new airport will be built hasn’t been decided. 2）Our difficulty is where we can find a ladder. 3）That the player got the first place made us excited. 4）He pretended that he was innocent. 5）What I think about is whether I should help him. 6）I was amazed at the news that he failed in the exam. 7) It worries all the parents most that their children oftne chat on the Internet. 8) It was a matter of who should get the amount of money. 9) We don't’ doubt that he can do a good job of it. 10) We have no doubt that he can do a good job of it.
二．考点探究： （一） ．名词性从句的语序: ____________________ 1. Can you tell me _________________ then? A. what were you thinking of B. what you were thinking of 2. Can you tell me _______________________? A. what is the matter with you B. what the matter is with you 3．Mum is coming .What present do you expect _____for your birthday? A. that she has got B. that has she got C. she has got D. has she got * 句中出现插入语时，从句语序________________________ （二）区别 what 与 that 1．what 是连接代词，引导名词性从句，在从句中有____，必须担任____,不能_________. 2．that 是连接词，本身无______，仅起_____作用，不在从句中担任______；引导宾语从句 时可以----------，但引导多个宾语从句时，只有第 ___个 that 可以省略。在引导主语从句、 表语从句和同位语从句时 that 一般__________ 1） _______she would come at once surprised all of us. 2）Please tell me_______ has happened to her. 3）He did ________ he could to save the drowning girl. 4）The exhausted soldiers slept on ________ we called “kang”. 5）The fact is _____ we can’t be free that day. 6）After________ seemed an hour ,he came to life. 7）She doesn’t know _______ she will do with his summer vacation. 8) Air is to us what water is to fish. （固定句型）译：__________________________ （三）区别 if 与 whether 以下情况只能使用 whether:___________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 1) _____ we will go picnicking depends on _whether_ it will be rainy. 2) I have no idea _______ he will come to the party. 3) The question is ________ he will come to the party. 4) I don’t care _________ he will attend the meeting or not. 5) He can’t decide _________ to stay here another day. 6) He can’t decide ___________ he’ll stay here another day. (四) it 作形式主语和形式宾语 1:.在名词性从句中，当主语从句置后时，要使用________________. 2.动词 make,find,think,feel,consider,believe 等后有宾语补足语，则用 it 作_______而将宾语从
句放于句末. 3.see to, appreciate, like , love, hate 等动词后跟上宾语从句时，要使用_________ 4.that 引导宾语从句一般不能充当介词宾语， 但可做________,其他介词后要用 it 做形式宾语 1.______ is reported that he will return to his hometown soon. 2. I made _____ clear that I was determined to carry out the plan. 3. I hate_____ when people talk with their mouths full. 4.You can rely on____ that he will give you a hand. （五）虚拟语气在名词性从句中的应用 1. wish 后的宾语从句一般用虚拟语气，表示不可能实现的愿望。从句谓语动词构成：当从 句动作与 wish 同时，____________; 从句动作先于 wish,_______________; 从句动作后于 wish_________________________. I wish that I ___ a bird. How I wish it ____________ now! I wish I ______________(meet) that film star yesterday. 2. 与 建 议 、 要 求 、 命 令 等 词 相 关 的 名 词 性 从 句 常 用 虚 拟 语 气 ， 虚 拟 语 气 结 构 为 ____________________,这类词有_____________________________________ My suggestion is that we_______(go) to the cinema together. His advice that we__________(come) here on the dot is very reasonable. The order came _____ the soldiers ______ the small village the next morning. He suggested that we ______________(start) off early the next day. The smile on his face suggested that he _______(be) satisfied with our work. The man insisted that he ____________(not steal)the money. *当 suggest 表示______________， insist 表示___________时，suggest、insist 后的宾语从句 不用虚拟语气，应用陈述语气。 (六)that 引导的定语从句与同位语从句的区别 that 引导的定语从句，在从句中______成分，从句是_______; that 引导的同位语从句，在从 句中_______成分，从句_______. The news that our football team won the math was encouraging.(___________从句) The news that we heard on the radio was not true.(___________从句） (七）在名词性从句中 wh—ever 与 wh---, wh—ever 与 no matter wh-的异同 1: wh-ever 与 wh- 引导的名词性从句在语法结构上________,在意义上__________，wh-ever 有“__________________”的意思。 ______________breaks the law should be published . ______________ was said here must be kept secret . It is a rule in his family that__________comes home earlier should cook the dinner for the family. 2.wh－ever 既可以引导__________从句，又可以引导_________从句．引导名词性从句时相 当于名词＋定语从句；引导让步状语从句时相当于__________________. 1.Whoever breaks the law should be punished . (________________从句） 2.Whoever breaks the law , he should be punished .(________________从句） 3.________________ breaks the law , he should be punished . 4.(?)Who breaks the law should be punished . 5.(?)Anyone breaks the law should be punished .
语法专练----名词性从句 1.—May I have a ten-minute break, Mom? --Certainly. I think you can do ______ you think you should. A. what B. when C. that D. how 2. _______ breaks the laws will be punished. A.No matter who B. Anyone C. Whoever D. One 3.That he hasn’t come is _______ he is busy writing the papers. A. that B. why C. because D. the reason 4. He doesn’t think the question of _______ they are men or women is important. A. if B. which C. why D. whether 5.I’ve got to make _______ he told a lie. A. that clear B. quite clear C. it clear that D. this clear that 6._____ is no possibility ______ Bob can win the first prize in the match. A. There, that B.It, that C. There, whether D. It, whether 7._____ he talked about it to reporters surprised me. A. / B. That C. What D. Whether 8.News came ______ the H1N1 virus may spread more quickly than was thought. A. when B. where C. that D. which 9.—Are you sure that’s ______ you want me to take you? ---Surely enough! The red building over there. A. where B. why C. to which D. there where 10. The most exciting thing for him was ______ he finally found two tinned fruits in _______ seemed to him be a servant’s bedrooom. A. that, that B. what, which C. that, what D. what, where 11.There is no doubt ________ . A. that Mr John is in good health B. whether is Mr John healthy C. whether Mr John is healthy D. if Mr John’s health is returning 12.Energy is ________ makes things work. A. something B. everything C. what D. anything 13.---I don’t think that Bob will come here again today. ---Please give the book to _______ comes here first. A. whoever B. whomever C. who D. whom 14.She knew nothing about his journey _______ he is likely to be away for three months. A. except B. except for C. except that D. in addition 15.Sometimes we are asked ______ the likely result of an action will be. A. that we think B. what we think C. what do we think D. that what we think 16.---I rang you at about ten, but there was no reply. ---Oh, that was probably ________ I was seeing a doctor. A. when B. why C. what D. that 17. You may depend ______ it won’t happen again. A. that B. on that C. on it that D. on it 18.---What were you trying to prove to the police?--- ________ I was last night. A. That B. When C. Where D. What
19.—Where would you like to go? --I don’t mind _____ I go; I will go ______ you want to go. A. where, the place B. where, wherever C. the place, wherever D. wherever, no matter where 20.The experiment will show us ______ can be used in the modern lab. A. that you have invented B. how that you have invented C. how what you have invented D. that how you have invented 21.Tom might be able to forget a thought ______ often worried him---the thought _______ he had no real parents. A. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that, why 22.Why don’t you bring _____ to his attention that you are too busy to do it? A. this B. that C. what D. it 23.—Do you know _______ Mr Black’s address is? --He may live at No. 18 or 19 Bridge Street. I’m no sure of ______. A. what, which B. where, which C. where ,what D. what, where 24._______ be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest B. Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should 25.Helen was told ______ she found was not important to us. A. that why B. why what C. what why D. why that 26.—My foot hurts terribly, doctor. ---Well, I wonder _______ it has been like this. A. since when B. since then C. how D. when 27.---What are you anxious about? ---________. A. Whether we can succeed B. If we succeed C. Do we succeed D. That we Cn succeed 28.---Can you see the Jnsha Museum from _______ you are standing? ---Yes, and it’s really well designed. A. where B. the place C. which D. there 29.The reason _______ he hasn’t come is _____ he has to look after his father in the hospital. A. that, because B.why, as C. why, that D. which, because 30.As a new diplomat, he often thinks of _______ he can react more appropriately on such occasions. A. what B. which C. that D. how
【高考链接】 1.（2003 上海）______ made the school proud was ______ more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities. A.What, because B. What, that C. That, what D. That, because 2. （2004 上海）A story goes _______ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court.
A. when B. where C. what D. that 3. (2004 天津) A modern city has been set up in ______ was a wasteland ten years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. where 4. （2004 上海）You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ________ I disagree. A. why B. where C. what D. how 5. （2004 沪春） The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ______ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 6. （2004 广东） Parents are taught to understand _______ important education is to their children’s future. A. that B. how C. such D. so 7. （2007 福建） It is none of your business _______ other people think about you. Believe youself. A. how B. what C. which D. when 8.（2008 山东）______ was most important ot her, she told me, was her family. A. It B.This C.What D.As 9.（2008 浙江）______ wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way. A. Anyone B. The one C. Whoever D. Who 10.（2008 福建）_______ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which 11.（2008 上海）It has been proved _______ eating vegetables in childhood helps to protect you against serious illnesses in later life. A. if B. because C. when D. that 12.（2009 上海）It is not immediately clear _______ the financial crisit will soon be over. A. since B. what C. when D. whether 13.（2009 北京） At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see _______ it got any better. A. when B. how C. why D. if 14.（2010 沪春）There is no obvious evidence _____ there is life on any other planet in the solar system. A. which B. that C. how D. where 15.（2009 江苏）Many young people in the West are expected to leave ______ could be life’s most important decision---marriage---almost entirely up to luck. A. as B. that C. which D. what 16. （2004 广东） I have always been honest and straightforward, and it doesn’t matter ______ I’m talking to. A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom 17.（2005 安徽）Great chagnes have taken place in that school. It is no longer ______ it was 20 years ago, ______ it was so poorly equipped. A. what, when B. that, which C. what, which D. which, that 18.(2010 全国)We haven’t discussed yet _______ we are going to place our new furniture. A. that B. which C. what D. where 19. （2010 山东）Before the sales start, I make a list of ______ my kids will need for the coming season.
A. why B. which C. whose D. what 20.（2010 天津）As a new gradute, he doesn’t know _____ it takes to start a business here. A. why B. what C. when D. which 21.（2010 上海）When changing lanes, a driver should use his turning signal to let other drivers know _______. A. he is entering which lane B. which lane he is entering C. is he entering which lane D. which lane is he entering 22. （2010 北京） Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was ________ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. that C. why D. whether 23.(2010 北京)______ some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A.Whether B. What C.That D. How 24.（2010 江苏）---I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. ---That’s __________ I don’t agree. You should have a more active life. A. where B. how C. when D. what 25.（2010 重庆） To improve the quality of our products, we asked for suggestions ______ had used the products. A. whoever B. who C. whichever D. which 26.（2010 四川）How much one enjoys himself travelling depends largely on _______ he goes with, whether his friends or relatives. A. what B. who C. how D. why 27.（2010 湖南） Cindy shut the door haevily and b urst into tears. No one in the office knew ________ she was so angry. A. where B. whether C. that D. why 28.（2010 浙江）It is uncertain ______ side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it. A. that B. what C. how D. whether 29.（2010 福建）We should respect food and think about the people who don’t have ______ we have here and treat food nicely. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 30.（2010 陕西） It never occurred to me _______ you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A. which B. what C. that D. if