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androgyny


What is Androgyny?

1.having the characteristics or nature of both male and female ? 2 a: neither specifically feminine nor masculine ? b: suitable to or for either sex ? 3: having

traditional male and female roles obscured or reversed
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Androgyny is a term derived from the Greek words αν?ρ (anér, meaning man) and γυν? (gyné, meaning woman) that can refer to two concepts regarding the mixing of both male and female genders or having a lack of gender identification. (Wikipedia)

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Woolf, in A Room of One's Own, stipulates her theory of androgyny. Woolf advises that female authors learn to be unconscious of the self, especially in reference to gender. She claims that since there are two sexes in the world there must be two sexes in the mind. The union of these two sexes is responsible for creation. "It is when this fusion takes place that the mind is fully fertilised and uses all its faculties" . The concept of true androgyny – full balance and command of an emotional range that include male and female elements – is attractive.(p.238)

The androgynous vision, in Woolf’s terms, is a response to the dilemma of a woman writer embarrassed and alarmed by feelings too hot to handle without risking real rejection by her family, her audience, and her class.(p.239) ? “That curious sexual quality which comes only when sex is unconscious of mind”. (p.239)
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e.g. The young moon lies on her back tonight as is her habit in the tropics and as, I think, is suitable if not seemly for a virgin. Not a star but might not shoot down and accept the invitation to become her lover. In all this great serenity of ocean it is seldom that we espy so much as another ship; the jolly dolphins and the scratchy little flying-fish have the vast circle all to themselves.The flying fish, who has a part with the birds, doubtless are glad to see the monster which bears us into and out of sight . And now see how I stand, as sentimental and sensitive as any old maid doing water-colors of sunsets! I once flattered myself that I was an adult man; I now perceive that I am gloriously and adolescently silly. (No Signposts in the Sea)

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The sort of perfect artist who can forget where he comes from is a figure more pathetic than heroic. Similarly, the notion that women should transcend any awkwardly unorthodox desire to write about being women comes from timidity and not strength. (p.242)

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庭院深深深几许?杨柳堆烟,帘幕无重数。玉勒雕鞍游冶处,楼高不见 章台路。 雨横风狂三月暮,门掩黄昏,无计留春住。泪眼问花花不语,乱红飞过 秋千去。(欧阳修 ,<<蝶恋花>>)

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歌檀敛袂。缭绕雕梁尘暗起。柔润清圆。百琲明珠一线穿。 樱唇玉齿。天上仙音心下事。留往行云。满坐迷魂酒半醺。 (同上, <<减字木兰花>>) 昨夜星辰昨夜风,画楼西畔桂堂东。 身无彩凤双飞翼,心有灵犀一点通。 隔座送钩春酒暖,分曹射覆蜡灯红。 嗟余听鼓应官去,走马兰台类转蓬。 (李商隐 <<无题>>)

Androgyny was the myth that helped her evade confrontation with her own painful femaleness and maleness and enabled her to choke and repress her anger and ambition.(p.238) ? Virginia Woolf was extremely sensitive to the ways in which female experience had made women weak, but she was much less sensitive to the ways in which it had made them strong.(p.238)
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One could imagine another approach to androgyny, however, through total immersion in the individual experience, with all its restrictions of sex and anger and fear and chaos. A thorough understanding of what it means, in every respect, to be a woman could lead the artist to an understanding of what it means to be a man. This revelation would not be realized in any mystical way; it would result from daring to face and express what is unique, even if unpleasant, or taboo, or destructive, in one’s own experience, and thus it would speak the secret heart of people. (p. 242)

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When Toril Moi invoked androgyny in Sexual/Texual Politics, it was in the context of a feminism that aimed to deconstruct the metaphysical belief in two relatively fixed, immutable, complementary but opposing genders. Moi was less interested in whether men and women should strive to be ontologically androgynous than with how androgyny as a “third” term might deconstruct epistemological binaries.

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Hapy: Androgynous (asexual) god of the inundation (yearly flood), usually represented as a pot bellied man with pendulous breasts and a head-dress formed of aquatic plants. These attributes were designed to represent fertility and the abundance of produce resulting from the Nile silt left by the receding waters of the river after the inundation. Common epithets for Hapy include “master of the river bringing vegetation” and “lord of the fishes and birds of the marshes.”

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Androgyny is embedded in the God of Creation that share dual features or powers of both the male and female, and are capable of what the ordinary people are incapable of in certain fields. Androgynes can go beyond the general historical existence to get in touch with human beings or the chaotic world before the creation of the individual. The ability that androgynes absorb powers impossible to mortals from the chaotic world becomes a religious longing for he ultimate goal of human life.


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