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语法复习三:名词性从句


龙 嘉 教 育 VIP 一对一课程辅导讲义:蒋娟娟 名词性从句 名词性从句相当于名词, 可分别作主句的主语、 表语、 宾语和同位语。 因此, 名词性从句厅分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位从句。 (一)引导名词性从句的连接词 1、 连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which。有词义,在从句中担任成分, 如主语、表语、宾语、或定语等。 2、 连接副词: when, where, why, how。 有词义, 在从句中担任成分, 作状语。 3、连接词:that, whether, if, as if。that 无词义,在从句中不担任成分,有时 可省略;if (whether), as if 虽有词义,但在从句中不担任成分。 注意:连接代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,因而从句中谓语不用疑问 式。连接代词与连接副词在从句充当句子成分,连接词 whether 和 if(是否), as if(好象)在从句中不充当句子成分,只起连接作用。根据句义,如果连接代 词与连接副词,whether、if 和 as if 都用不上时,才用 that 作连接词(that 本身 无任何含义)。 (二)主语从句 1、主语从句在复合句作主语。 e.g. Who will go is not important. 2、用 it 作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。 e.g. It doesn’t matter so much whether you will come or not. 3、that 引导主语从句时,不能省略。 e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. (三)表语从句 1、表语从句在复合句中作表语,位于系动词之后。 e.g. The question was who could go there. 2、引导表语从句的连接词 that 有时可省去。 e.g. My idea is (that) we can get more comrades to help in the work. (四)宾语从句 1、宾语从句在复合句中作宾语。引导宾语从句的连词 that 一般可省略。 e.g. I hope (that) everything is all right. 2、 介词之后的宾语从句, 不可用 which 或 if 连接, 要分别用 what 或 whether。 e.g. I’m interested in whether you’ve finished the work.. I’m interested in what you’ve said. 3、whether 与 if 都可以引导宾语从句,常可互换。但下面情况不能互换。 ① 宾语从句是否定句时,只用 if,不用 whether。 e.g. I wonder if it doesn’t rain. ② 用 if 会引起误解,就要用 whether。 e.g. Please let me know whether you want to go.(此句如果把 whether 改成 if, 容易当成条件句理解) ③ 宾语从句中的 whether 与 or not 直接连用,就不能换成 if;不直接连用, 可换。 e.g. I don’t know whether or not the report is true. I don’t know whether/ if the report is true or not. ④ 介词后的宾语从句要用 whether 引导。whether 可与不定式连用。whether

也可引导主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句,还可引导让步状语从句,以上均不 能换成 if。但引导条件从句时,只能用 if,而不能用 whether。 e.g. It depends on whether we have enough time. They don’t know whether to go there. Please come to see me if you have time. (五)同位语从句 同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语, 一般位于该名词 (如: news, fact, idea, suggestion, promise 等)之后,说明该名词的具体内容。 e.g. I have no idea when he will be back. The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody. 练习: 1.The fact ____ she works hard is well known to us all. A. that B. what C. why D. which 2.The fact ____ he was successful proves his ability. A. that B. what C. which D. why 3.The news ____ he was kidnapped surprised us greatly. A. what B. that C. why D. when 4.His suggestion ____ the meeting be delayed was turned down. A. which B. that C./ D. it 5.I have no idea ____ he will start. A. when B. that C. what D./ 6.I've come from the government with a message ____ the meeting won't be held tomorrow. A. if B. that C. whether D. which 7.The thought ____ he might fail in the exam worried him. A. when B. which C. what D. that 8.The order ____ the prisoner be set free arrived too late. A. which B. whether C. that D. what 9.The nurses are trying their best to reduce the patient's fear ____ he would die of the disease. A. that B. as C. of which D. which 10.He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing. A. whether B. where C. that D. when 11. Along with the letter was his promise ____ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 12. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at ____ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 13. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ____ we would have lost our way. A. it B. that C. this D. which 14.There are signs ____ restaurants are becoming more popular with families. A. that B. which C. in which D. whose 15. We can see the same signs ____ stand out throughout the city. A. that B. which C. in which D. whose

Keys: 1-5 AABBA 6-10 BDCAA 11-15 BBDAA

1. The last time we had great fun was _____ we were visiting the Water Park. A. where B. how C. when D. why

2. The news _____ our athletes won another gold medal was reported in yesterday’s newspaper. A. which B. whether C. what D. that

3. The companies are working together to create _____ they hope will be the best means of transport in the 21st century. A. which B. that C. what D. who

4. _____ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which

5. _____ was most important to her, she told me, was her family. A. It B. This C. What D. As

6. _____ matters most in learning English is enough practice. A. What B. Why C. Where D. Which

7. The seaside here draws a lot of tourists every summer. Warm sunshine and soft sands make _____ it is. A. what B. which C. how D. where

8. It is none of your business _____ other people think about you. Believe yourself. A. how B. what C. which D. when

9. Why not try your luck downtown, Bob? That’s _____ the best jobs are. A. where B. what C. when D. why

10. The traditional view is _____ we sleep because our brain is “programmed” to make us do so. A. when B. why C. whether D. that

11. You can only be sure of _____ you have at present; you cannot be sure of something _____ you might get in the future. A. that; what B. what; 不填 C. which; that D. 不填; that

12. _____ parents say and do has a life-long effect on their children. A. That B. Which C. What D. As

13. There is much chance _____ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. A. that B. which C. until D. if

14. One advantage of playing the guitar is _____ it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A. how B. why C. that D. when

15. We haven’t settled the question of _____ it is necessary for him to study abroad. A. if B. where C. whether D. that

16. Please remind me _____ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. A. where B. when C. how D. what

17. —What did your parents think about your decision? —They always let me do _____ I think I should. A. when B. that C. how D. what

18. —Could you do me a favor? —It depends on _____ it is. A. which C. what B. whichever D. whatever

19. _____ makes this shop different is that it offers more personal services. A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever

20. With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased _____ he was a man of action. A. which B. that C. what D. whether

21. Nobody believed his reason for being absent from the class _____ he had to meet his uncle at the airport. A. why B. that C. where D. because

22. Engines are to machines _____ hearts are to animals. A. as B. that C. what D. which

23. _____ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever

24. A warm thought suddenly came to me _____ I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday. A. if B. when C. that D. which

25. These shoes look very good. I wonder _____. A. how much cost they are C. how much they cost B. how much do they cost D. how much are they cost

26. The poor young man is ready to accept _____ help he can get. A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whenever

27. _____ in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your e-mail account. A. What is required 28. The old lady’s B. What requires C. It is required D. It requires

hand shook frequently.

She explained to her doctor

_____ this shaking had begun half a year before, and _____, only because of this, she had been forced to give up her job. A. when; how B. how; when C. how; how D. why; why

29. The shopkeeper did not want to sell for _____ he thought was not enough. A. where B. how C. what D. which

30. Danby left word with my secretary _____ he would call again in the afternoon. A. who B. that C. as D. which

Keys: 1-10 CDCBC AABAD 21-30 BCDCC CCCCB 11-20 BCACC BDCAB


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