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高中英语老师师徒结对的教案


Unit 24

society

主讲人 张贵群
教材分析: 本单元的话题是社会,课文中主要谈到消费社会中人们的消费模式,提到托马斯笔 下的理想社会—乌托邦,可以让学生了解北京胡同的过去和现在,感悟社会的变迁。在 写作方面,要求学生能够写出正视问题的说明文,表明个人对某一种事物的观点。老师 也要注重对学生情感、态度、价值观的引导,培养正确的生活态度,抵制消费主义的负 面影响。 学情研究: 这是高三第一轮复习的最后阶段,学生对高二最后一个学期最后一个单元的内 容,记忆已经非常模糊了,一到应用的时候却很容易犯错误,尤其对一些重点词汇的变 化、重点短语、句型及语法的应用还不够熟练掌握。尤其我们普通班的学生,就算读熟 背熟,在真正考试中或者联系中也可能漏掉某个字母。所以会挑重点来讲,一方面是减 轻学生的记忆负担,另一方面,也提高课堂学习效率。现在高三教学突出的是考点,突 出高考的写作词汇和阅读的高频词,尤其是与写作有关的句型。 一.词形变化 1.自愿 志愿者 自愿的 2.大量的 大量 3.签名 迹象,符号 4.统治,管理 政府 5.调整 调整 6.选举 选举 7.仁慈的 宽容 8.编辑 版本 主编 二.短语熟记 1.形成,存在 2.炫耀 3.撞上某人 4.闯入

vt.________. n._________. adj._________. adj._________. n.__________. n.__________. n.___________. vt.____________. n.____________. n.___________. vt._____________. vt.____________. n.____________. adj.____________. n.____________. vt.____________. n.___________. n.___________.

_______________. _____________. _______________. _____________.
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5.毫无疑问 6.怀着希望 7.转折点 8.故意惹怒某人 9.原则上 10.失去信心

_______________. ______________. _____________. _____________. ______________. _______________.

三、重点词汇 1.Burden n.负担,包袱; 责任,义务; 载货量; (诗歌,发言等的)重点; vt.使烦恼,劳累; 向(车,船等)上装货; 第三人称单数: burdens 过去分词: burdened 复数: burdens 现在进行时: burdening 过去式:burdened 例句: (1).Past promises remain a heavy burden. 过去的退休金承诺仍是一个重大负担 (2).Nowadays farmers are no longer burdened with taxation. 2.Govern vt.统治; 管理; 治理; 支配(词或短语的形式或用法); vi.控制,支配; 操纵; 第三人称单数:governs 过去分词:governed 现在进行时:governing n.government 例句: (1).Nobody really knows how she would govern. 没有人知道她会怎样执政。 (2).Our government should take measures to protect the environment. 3.Elect vt.选举; 挑出,挑选; 决定; vi.选择,挑选; 进行选举; adj.精选的,选出的; 选中的,当选而尚未就职的; n.被选的人; 第三人称单数:elects 过去分词:elected 复数:elects 现在进行时:electing 过去式:elected 例句: (1).Americans will elect their next president on november 4. 美国人将在 11 月 4 号选举下届总统。 4.Undertake vt.承担,从事; 保证; 同意,答应; 承诺; 第三人称单数:undertakes 过去分词:undertaken 现在进行时:undertaking 过去 式:undertook
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例句: (1).Germany worries that any debt relief will reduce Greece's incentive to undertake reforms. 德国担心任何形式的债务减免都会动摇希腊进行改革的决心。 (2).I can not undertake that you will make a profit. 5.Resign v.辞职; 放弃; 屈从; 勉强接受; 第三人称单数:resigns 过去分词:resigned 现在进行时:resigning 过去式: resigned 例句: (1).Demonstrators called for president bashar al-assad to resign. 示威者们叫嚣着要求巴沙尔阿萨德总统辞职。 6.Merciful adj.仁慈的,宽恕的,温和的, (情形)良好的,顺利的, (处罚)宽大的; n.mercy show mercy to sb have mercy on sb without mercy 例句: Maybe god will be merciful. 但愿上帝是仁慈的。 四、重点短语 1. come into being 形成; 存在; 出现; 产生 e.g. : If laws such as these came into being, a huge adjustment would be required and there would certainly be diverse reactions. 1). 自从电脑出现以来, 造纸工业就一直在锐减。 Paper industry has been sharply decreasing since computers came into being. 2). 没有人知道这种习俗是如何形成的。 No one knows how this custom came into being. 2. wind sb. up 故意惹恼某人 e.g. : You’re just trying to wind me up, aren’t your? 1). 他摇上车窗以保暖。 He wound up the windows of the car to keep warm. 2). 这个女孩哭着跑回家,因为班上的一些男孩子故意惹她生气。 The girl went home crying because some boys in her class wound her up. 3. show off 炫耀,卖弄 e.g. : Nobody has any desire to show off and gold and silver have no value —unlike in our society. 1).她喜欢炫耀她的精美衣服。 She likes to show off her fine clothes.
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2).他没有什么表演才能,只不过利用舞台作为卖弄的机会罢了。 He hasn’t much acting ability, but uses the stage as a chance to show off. 4. knock into sb. 撞在某人身上,偶然碰到 e.g. : There is a car accident there at least once a week and today I nearly knocked into somebody crossing the read! 1).很抱歉,撞着您了,但我不是故意的。 I’m sorry to have knocked into you, but I didn’t mean to. 2).我上星期在北京旅游时碰见一位老朋友。 I knocked into an old friend when I was having a trip in Beijing last week. 五、语法专题——倒装与强调 1.倒装句 一、完全倒装(Full Inversion) 谓语动词完全搬到主语之前的句子,便是完全倒装句.这类句型主要有两种: 1.表示方式或方位的副词或介词短语, 如 here, there, now, then, up, down, in, away, off, out, in the room, on the wall 等,置于句首.如: In a lecture hall of a university in England sits a professor. In this chapter will be found the answers to those questions. South of the river lies a small factory. Out rushed the children. Away flew the plane. 2.such 置于句首时.如: Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man and the 20th century’s greatest scientist. 此句型中的 such 多被认为是表语,所以,such 后的 be 动词应与其后的“真正 的主语”保持一致.如: Such are the facts; no one can deny them. 二、部分倒装(Partial Inversion) 只把谓语的一部分(多为助动词或情态动词)置于主语之前的句子,叫部分倒 装句.这类句型主要有三种: 1.only 修饰副词、介词短语或状语从句,且放在句首时.如: Only in this way can we learn English well. Only when he returned did we find out the truth. 使用特点: ①在部分倒装句中,如果谓语部分无助动词,则须找助动词来“帮助”它构成倒装 句.如: × Only after the war learned he the sad news. √ Only after the war did he learn the sad news.
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②only 修饰状语从句时,从句不可倒装 .如: × Only when did he return did we find out the truth. √ Only when he returned did we find out the truth. ③only 修饰主语时,句子不可倒装.如: × Only can he answer the question. √ Only he can answer the question. 2.否定副词 never, nor, not, hardly, little, seldom 等置于句首时.如: Never before have I seen such a moving film.=I have never seen such a moving film before. Not a single mistake did he make.=He didn’t make a single hardly think it possible to finish the job before dark. 2.强调句型 一、强调句型 It is/was+被强调部分+that+其它成分 1.强调人时可用 who 作连词,强调其他任何部分用 that. 所强调的可以是单词、短语、也可以是从句,但结构必须完整.被强调的成分 可以是主语、宾语和状语,但不能是定语或谓语.如: It was in the park that Tom lost his watch. (状语) It is only I who am willing to go to the film. 愿意去看电影的只有我. It was you that broke the window.是你打破窗户. It was her that I met yesterday.我昨天见到的是她. It was a key that I found in his pocket.我在他的口袋里找到的是钥匙. 2.这种强调句的一般疑问句只需把 is(was) 提前.如: Is it Professor Want who teaches you English? 是王教授教你们英语的吗? 3.它的特殊疑问句只需在一般疑问句前加上疑问词.如: Who was it that broke the window? 打破窗户的是谁? How was it that you succeeded? 你是怎么成功的? Why is it that smoking is not allowed here?这里为什么不允许吸烟? 4.有时可用 It might be...that...,It must have been...that...句型表示强 调.如: It might be his father that you’re thinking of. 你关心的可能是他父 亲. 5.not...until...句型的强调句 其强调句式为:It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+其它成分.

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六.写作专题 读写任务——分析利弊型议论文 描述某一现象(事物)??分析其优点??分析其缺点??我的态度或看法 写作要领: 在分别说明某一现象(事物)的优点或缺点时,切忌凌乱,一定要有条理. 可以使用一些过渡词或词组,如firstly, secondly, finally; For one thing,? for another,? 在文章最后一段表明自己的态度或看法时 , 考生最好给出相应的理由或者 提出更好的方法以减少某现象(事物)可能带来的负面效应. 说明利弊型论说文常用句型 说明事物优点的常用句式 1. There are several advantages in/of .. The first/ biggest advantages is that? 2. Nothing / Few things can equal/ match with / be compared with ? in terms of? 3. For all/ In spite of / Despite the disadvantages/ side effects, it has its compensating advantages/ beneficial effects. 4?. has a positive impact/ influence/ effect on people’s lives. 5?. is playing an increasingly important role in people’s lives. 说明事物缺点的常用句式 1. However, ?, just like anything else, has its negative side as well. 2. Of course, the disadvantages cannot be ignored. 3. However, it still has some drawbacks. 4. However, just as everything has two sides, ? also has many disadvantages. 5. However, ?may also cause/ bring about/lead to /result in/contribute to some problems. 6. However, it’s often blamed(责备/责怪) for its obvious defects. 7. Just as every coin has two sides,? is no exception. 8. As the proverb goes, there is no garden without its weeds( 事物具有 两面性). Therefore, ?.is no exception. 9. However, the negative aspects are also apparent/ obvious/evident. To begin with,? To make matters worse, ... Worst of all,? 10.The side effects? has exerted on human beings can be boiled down to (归结于) several major ones as follows.(如下) In the first place,? In the second place,? In addition,? 说明事物利大于弊的常用句式 1. As to me, I claim that the advantages carry more weight than/ outweigh the disadvantages. 2. Anyway, I still believe ? has more advantages than disadvantages. 3. But for me, I hold the view that what is more noteworthy(值得注意的) is its positive side. 4. The advantages derived from(来源于)?are much greater than / far outweigh the disadvantages/ problems? entails. (1)模板一
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Nowadays people in mounting numbers ( 许多人 ) prefer __________ ( 主题 ) because it plays a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. On the one hand, ________________ (主题的优点 1). On the other hand, ___________________ (主题的优点 2). But there are also apparent negative aspects. One of the striking(显 著的) disadvantages is that ___________________ (主题的缺点 1). To make matters worse, __________________________ (主题的缺点 2). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects far outweigh its negative aspects. Whatever effects it has, it should be kept in the limelight(应该继续引起注意) that ________ (主题) itself is neither good nor bad. It is the uses to which it is put that determine its value to our society. (是它的用途决定了对我们社会的价值) (2)模板二 With the development of science and human civilization, a variety of formerly unimaginable devices come into reality. ___________ (主题现象). There are numerous factors that may account for( 解释 ) it, and the following aspects are the most conspicuous( 显 著 的 ) ones. To start with, _________ (原因 1). Furthermore, ______ (原因 2). Eventually, ____________ (原 因 3). Beneficial as ____________ ( 主题现象名词 ) is (尽管它有利) , it has, unfortunately, its disadvantages. The notable( 显 著 的 ) example is that ____________________________ ( 缺 点 例 子 1). In addition, ________________________________________ (缺点例子 2). On the whole, the phenomenon is an inevitable product brought forth by intellectuals in the modern society, and there is still a long way for us to improve / eliminate __________ (主题现象) and render(使) our life more colorful and comfortable.

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