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2015届高考英语二轮专题检测精品练习:阅读理解(2)Word版含答案


2015 届高考英语二轮专题检测精品练习:阅读理解(2)
A Michelle Obama has just started a campaign against childhood obesity( 肥胖 )with the admission that she put her girls Malia and Sasha on a diet because they

were getting fat . Clearly , childhood obesity must be solved and urgently.But is it a good idea for mothers to put their daughters on diets? Studies show 山 at the more children diet, the more likely they are to become obese asad ults.Research also shows that gifts are highly influenced by their mothers when it comes toeating habits and body image. This was the case for Carly,40,who blames her mother for her lifelong struggle with weight. “My mother was on a diet the whole time 1 was growing up, ” she says. “And she putme on my first diet when 1 was 10.I lost puppy fat,gained her approval and never ate normally again, America’s First Lady clearly has a vital healthy eating message to.convey.But could this be damaging for Malia and Sasha?Could they develop eating disorders because of it? “It’s wrong just to blame mothers for their daughters’eating disorders, ” says Susan Ringwood,chief executive of the eating disorders charity,Beat. “There is a genetic(基因的)component to eating disorders."However, “We do know that parents have a very strong influ。ence over a child’s eating.It's important to realize that you are your daughter’s role model.Girls idolize the ir mothers. ” says Ringwood. “Nofoodshould ever be‘good'or‘bad’ , ”Ringwood says.Instead, “You have to make it clear that food is a sociable,healthy and fun part of life,not something to be feared. ” “Talk to her about body image, ”Ringwood says. “Talk about how curves are an
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important and exciting part of being a woman . Show her that anorexic( 厌 食 的)fashion models are not sexy,but i11.The pressure on girls today is immense, ” she says. “But don’t forget that you are the authoritative voice,too. ” 66.Michelle Obama has started a campaign to A.solve childhood obesi ty across the country B.attract the attention of the world C.show her first lady identity D.please the public 67.The author mentions Carly in Paragraph 3 to show that A.mothers have a great influence on girls,eating habits B.the more you diet,the more weight you will put on C.mothers are to blame for the unbalanced diet D.side effects of dieting are hard to avoid 68.According to Ringwood, . . .

A.food is considered something fearful B.food can be recognized as“good”or“bad” C.only slim mothers are role models of their daughters D.eating di sorder has something to do with genetic component 69.The passage tells US that A.mothers’lead is of great importance B.daughters are victims of mothers’authority C.dieting teenagers can't turn into obese adults D.experts have arguements about eating disorder 70.It can be concluded that A.eating disorder always goes hand in hand with being slim B.girls are more concerned about body shapes than boys C.daughters tend to have a lifelong struggle with weight D.the author is against children’s dieting .

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B (2014 江西卷)

Close your eyes foe a minutes and imagine what life would be like of you had a hundred dollars less. Also imagine what it would be like spending the rest of your life with you eyes closed. Imagine having to read this page, not with your eyes but with your finger-tips. With existing medical knowledge and skills, two-thirds of the world’s 42 million blind should not have to suffer. Unfortunately, rich countries posses most of this knowledge, while developing countries do not. ORBIS is an international non-profit organization which operates the world’s only flying teaching eye hospital. ORBIS intends to help fight blindness worldwide. Inside a DC-8 aircraft, there is a fully-equipped teaching hospital with television studio and classroom. Doctors are taught the latest techniques of bringing sight back to people there. Project ORBIS also aims at promoting peaceful cooperation(合作) among countries. ORBIS tries to help developing countries by providing training during three-week medical programs. ORBIS has taught sight-saving techniques to over 35,000 doctors and nurses, who continue to cure tens of thousands of blind people every year. ORBIS has conducted 17 plane programs is China so far. For the seven to ten million blind in China ORBIS is planning to do more for them. At the moment an ORBIS is working on a long-term plan to develop a training center and to provide eye care service to Shanxi Province.ORBIS needs your help to continue their work and free people from blindness. For just US $38,you can help one person see; for $380 you can bring sight to 10 people; $1,300 helps teach a doctor new skills; and for $13,000 you can provide a training programme for a group of doctors who can make thousands of blind people see again.Your money can open their eyes to the world.Please help ORBIS improve the quality of life for so many people less fortunate than ourselves.
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一、 (1) (2) (3) (4)

The first paragraph is intended to ______. introduce a new way of reading advise the public to lead a simple life direct the public’s attention to the blind encourage the public to use imagination

A. What do we learn about existing medical knowledge and skills in the world? 1. They are adequate C.They are not equally distributed blind A. ORRIS aims to help the blind by ______. A. teaching medical students C.running flying hospitals globally organization A. What does the author try to do in the last paragraph? (1) Appeal for donations C. Promote training programs B.Make an advertisement D.Show sympathy for the blind B.training doctors and nurses D. setting up non-profit B.They have not been updated. D.They have benefited most of the

1. What can be the best title for the passage? (2)ORRIS in China C.ORRIS Flying Hospital C As more Americans go to mainland China to take jobs,more Chinese and Americans are working side by side.These cross—cultural partnerships,while beneficial in many ways,are also highlighting tensions that expose differences in work experience,pay levels and communication. In the last few years,a growing number of Americans in their 20s and 30s have been heading to China for employment,attracted by its faster-growing economy and lower jobless
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B.Fighting Blindness D.Sight-saving Techniques

rate. Their Chinese co-workers are often around the same age.But the two groups were raised differently . The Americans have had more exposure to free-market principles. “Young Americans were brought up in a commercial environment,” said Neng Zhao,28,a senior associate at Blue Oak Capital,a private firm based in Beijing .“We weren't . So the workplace is a unique learning process for my generation.” Managers hiring workers in China appear to be paying for Western

experience .Foreigners tend to earn 10 to 15 percent more than their Chinese counterparts (persons working in similar positions) ,said Michael Norman,senior vice president at Sibson Consulting,an American firm.That imbalance does not go unnoticed by Chinese workers. “There is definitely the belief that Americans get paid more for the same work, ”said Ting Wang,25,an associate at Wild China, a travel company based in Beijing.On the other hand,Chinese workers have a deeper understanding of the influences,like. Confucianism and Communism,which play a part in their country’s culture and economy. It is important and necessary for Americans working in China to adjust,said Mr. Norman,who works on management and work force issues for multinational companies operating in Asia. “In the West,there is such a bonus on getting things done quickly,but when you come to work in China,you need to work on listening and being more patient and understanding of local ways of doing business, ”he said. 71.More Americans go to China to take jobs because A.they want to experience different cultures B.Chinese workers are easier to cooperate C.they can’t find proper jobs in America D.the economy of China is developing rapidly 72.What is mainly talked about in the passage? A.Cross-cultural conflicts. B.Cross—cultural partnerships.
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C.Multi—national companies in China. D.Different pays for the same work. 73.What can we learn from the passage? A.Americans benefit more from working in China. B.Chinese and American employees have the same experience. C.Young Chinese can benefit from cross—cultural partnerships. D.More Americans working in China cause higher jobless rate. 74.What does the underlined word “imbalance” in Paragraph 3 refer to? A.Unfair pay levels. B.Different working experience. C.Unequal opportunities. D.Different upbringing environment. 75.We can infer from the last paragraph that A.Americans working in China adjust very well B.ways of doing business in different countries differ C.doing business in China takes money and patience D.international companies need to understand each other .

D Britain’s seed bank, the only one in the world aiming to collect all of the planet’s wild plant species, has reached its goal of banking 10 percent by 2010. The Millennium Seed Bank Project, run by Kew Gardens—one of the oldest botanical gardens—will officially deposit the 24,200th species on Thursday, a pink, wild banana from China. More than 50 countries are now on board with Kew’s giant task but vast places of the globe, including India and Brazil, still need to join in and donate seeds, director Paul Smith said. The seed bank is one of the largest and most diverse in the world with more than 1.5 billion seeds.Its goal is to help protect the planet’s bio-diversity during a time of climate change. The wild banana seed is under threat of extinction(灭绝) in southwest China
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from agricultural development.It is a vital food source for Asian elephants and important for growing bananas for human consumption. Stored at minus-20 degrees centigrade, so they can last for thousands of years, the seeds await the day that scientists hope never comes—when the species no longer exist in the wild. It is a race against time, Smith said, because in the last decade alone, 20 plants held in the bank have already been wiped out in the wild.He estimates that between a third and a quarter will become extinct this century. "It is urgent and it is happening now.An area, the size of England, is cleared of primary vegetation(植被)every year." Smith said. Because most of the world’s food and medicines come from nature, protecting wild plant species is quite important, scientists say.There are already many other seed banks safeguarding food crops, which only account for 0.6 percent of plant diversity. For Kew’s next goal—to collect a quarter of wild varieties by 2020—the botanists need 10 million pounds a year, or a further 100 million pounds on top of the 40 million they have already been granted. 71.What’s the final purpose of the Britain’s seed bank? A.To collect enough money for the project. B.To safeguard food crops. C.To protect wild plants from extinction. D.To help scientists study wild plants. 72.The wild banana seed in China is in danger because of _______. A.the expanding of farming work B.the climate change in this area C.the large number of Asian elephants D.human’s large consumption 73.We can learn from the passage that _______. A.the seeds in the bank can be used now and then all over the world B.India and Brazil haven’t joined in the Seed Bank Project at present C.there is only one seed bank in the world at present D.the wild plants in places like India and China will never die out 74.What does the underlined word “it” in paragraph 7 refer to? A.The extinction of plant species. B.Kew Gardens’ next goal.
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C.Britain’s seed bank.

D.The Millennium Seed Bank Project.

75.Which of the following information isn’t mentioned in the passage? A.The global partnership of collecting wild plant species. B.The temperature condition of the conservative wild plant species. C.The government’s financial support for the seed bank project. D.Scientists’ concern on the extinct wild plant species. AADAD 1.【考点】考察新闻报告类阅读 【文章大意】本文属于报告类阅读,了讲述 ORBIS 给盲人所做的工作来宣传 ORBIS,号召 我们为 ORBIS 捐款来帮助更多的盲人。 (1) 【答案】C

【试题解析】推理题。根据第一段 1,2 行 Close your eyes foe a minutes and imagine what life would be like of you had a hundred dollars less. Also imagine what it would be like spending the rest of your life with you eyes closed. Imagine having to read this page, not with your eyes but with your finger-tips.闭上眼睛想象 一下少了 100 美元并没有什么。但是想象一下如果我们在余生里都看不见,不是用眼睛 看这篇文章,而是用手指来阅读。作者通过第一段是为了把读者的注意力吸引到盲人的 身上。故 C 正确、 (2) 【答案】C

【试题解析】 推理题。 根据第一段最后 2 句 With existing medical knowledge and skills, two-thirds of the world’s 42 million blind should not have to suffer. Unfortunately, rich countries posses most of this knowledge, while developing countries do not. 可知发动国家的技术更先进,能够给盲人带来更多的帮助,但是发 展中国家并没有这样的技术,说明技术的分布并不公平。故 C 正确。 (3) 【答案】B

【试题解析】 细节题。 根据文章第三段 1,2 句 ORBIS tries to help developing countries by providing training during three-week medical programs. ORBIS has taught sight-saving techniques to over 35,000 doctors and nurses, who continue to cure tens of thousands of blind people every year.得知 ORBIS 医学培训计划帮助发展中 国家培养了很多治疗眼睛疾病的医生,然后这些医生再去帮助那些需要帮助的盲人。故 B
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正确。 (4) 【答案】A

【试题解析】推理题。根据最后一段前 2 行 For just US $38,you can help one person see; for $380 you can bring sight to 10 people; $1,300 helps teach a doctor new skills; and for $13,000 you can provide a training programme for a group of doctors who can make thousands of blind people see again.作者在呼吁我们为这个项目捐款, 因为捐款可以帮助很多看不见的盲人重新看见光明。故 A 正确。 (5) 【答案】C

【试题解析】主旨大意题。本文在第一段里很巧妙地通过一个闭眼实验把我们的注意力 吸引到盲人身上。接下来通过讲述 ORBIS 给盲人所做的工作来宣传 ORBIS。最后号召我们 为 ORBIS 捐款来帮助更多的盲人。所以本文实际上是介绍 ORRIS Flying Hospital 的。 故 C 正确。 【长难句解析】 1.Also imagine what it would be like spending the rest of your life with you eyes closed 【翻译】也要想象闭着眼睛度过余生会是什么样子。 【分析】本句句子结构比较复杂,首先动词 imagine 后面有一个宾语从句 what it would be like?.;在这个从句中 what 既充当引导词也在句中做 like 的宾语。句中的 it 是形 式主语,真正的主语是后面的动名词短语 spending the rest of your life with you eyes closed,主语中含有 with you eyes closed 这个 with 复合结构。 2. ORBIS has taught sight-saving techniques to over 35,000 doctors and nurses, who continue to cure tens of thousands of blind people every year. 【翻译】ORBIS 已经把保护视力的技巧教给了 35000 多名医生和护士,这些医生和护士每 年都继续治愈成千上万的盲人。 【分析】本句中含有一个非限制性定语从句 who continue tens of thousands of blind people every year。其中的关系代词 who 指代先行词,在句中做主语。

2.71—75 DBCAB 3.参考答案、 、 、 71—75 CABDC

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w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m

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