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高一必修二英语试题(五) 第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节:多项选择 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Practising Chinese kung fu can not only build up one’s strength, but also develop one’s _______. A. character B. expression C. reception D. application 2. As work in the nuclear power station(核电站) is dangerous, the company is prepared to _______ some of its workers with robots. A. rescue A. insist on of them. A. logical B. reliable C. secure D. sensitive 5. If you’re looking for a _________, you can make it when it is on sale. A. price B. bargain C. cost D. bill 6. The pills might have cured him, if he’d taken them ________. A. regularly B. physically C. usually D. formerly 7. The president of the university used a lot of online words when he made the speech, and was cheered by the students. When the speech ended, the applause lasted quite a few minutes before it _______. A. died out A. respect A. painful B. died off B. move B. powerful C. died down C. understand C. peaceful D. die for D. appreciate D. fierce 8. He would much ________ it if you could take measures to free him from the disaster. 9. The competition for job hunting is ________, since there are more and more college graduates. 10. With the rapid growth of short messages sent by mobile phones, ________, the increasing number of criminal cases appeared through short messages. A. in the way B. by the way C. in a way D. on the way 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。 The Depression (萧条) didn’t make much change in my grandparents’ lives. But it did bring an unending flow of men out of 11 , drifting (being carried) from job to job, to the farm. The 13 14 12 to show up at the door of the kitchen was a man in rags. He quietly while. Grandpa stood watching him a have just about barn at once. She didn’t 20 16 19 the fence behind the barn (谷仓). I’ve been Grandma said a 17 15 that he hadn’t eaten for a B. replace B. keep on C. reduce C. rely on D. remove D. take on 3. Although advertisements are helpful in some way, I don’t think we should entirely _______ them. 4. At high school, some students are especially _______ about what their classmates and teachers think

, then said, “There’s a stack (堆,垛) of firewood against to get it moved to the other side of the fence. You 18 in his eyes and he hurried to the 22

time to finish the job before lunch.” thing happened. The man got a 21 another place at the table and made an apple pie. During lunch, the stranger straightened. “Nothing ruins a man like 24

much, but when he left, his 23

his self-respect,” Grandpa later told me. Soon after, another man up asking for a meal. This one was dressed 25 a suit and carried a small suitcase. Grandpa came out, looked at the man and offered a . “There is a stack of

fire wood along the fence down the barn. I’ve been meaning to get it moved. It’d sure be a me. And we’d be pleased to have you The fellow set his suitcase 28 27 for lunch.” 29 and neatly laid coat on top. Then he set 30



to work.

Grandma says she doesn’t remember how many strangers they Depression days—or how many times that stack of firewood got moved. 11. A. life 12. A. guest 13. A. explained 14. A. glance 15. A. dreaming 16. A. some 17. A. fearing 18. A. light 19. A. put 20. A. sa6y 21. A. shoulders 22. A. throwing 23. A. went 24. A. up 25. A. smile 26. A. favour 27. A. stay 28. A. away 29. A. for 30. A. spared B. business B. first B. spoke B. little B. needing B. full B. funny B. flame B. took B. drink B. arms B. losing B. appeared B. in B. wave B. offer B. remain B. aside B. off B. supplied C. farming C. second C. described C. bit C. wishing C. much C. serious C. shine C. set C. eat C. feet C. hurting C. came C. with C. nod C. help C. honour C. along C. of C. supported

a meal with during those

D. work D. next D. talked D. look D. hoping D. enough D. surprising D. fire D. sat D. have D. hands D. protecting D. showed D. by D. handshake D. wonder D. wait D. around D. upon D. shared

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A “This one’s for you,” Sergeant (警官) Barstow shouted and left quickly through the back door. I was a little puzzled. I looked out a window of the Ashfordly Police Station and saw an elderly woman come into the building. “Good morning, Madam,” I said. “Good morning,” she said pleasantly. “You’re new, aren’t you?” “Yes, Madam.” “It’s about that man who’s been annoying me,” she said. “I’ve been here about him before.” “Could I have your name and address, please?” “Miss Fraser. Josephine Fraser. I live at 43 Prince Terrace. Now, can you please do something about Jackson?” “What’s he done, Miss Fraser?” “Done? He’s thrown garbage all over my stairs again. He must be stopped.” “Where does he live?” “Next door, Number 41,” she said. “I’ll go and see later and warn him off, Miss Fraser.”

“I would be most grateful.” With that she left. Half an hour later, I reached Prince Terrace. NO. 41 was in a bad state of repair. I knocked. No reply. I entered. The place was deserted. I wondered if the Jackson was a tramp (流浪者). Anyway, it seemed he had left, possibly because of Miss Fraser’s threatening police action. I decided to visit her. I knocked on her door and it was opened almost immediately. “Ah!” she said gladly. “You’re just in time for coffee.” I followed her inside. Miss Fraser told me more about her battle with Jackson. But when I asked specific questions, it clearly showed that she had never seen Jackson. Finally, I managed to leave. Sergeant Barstow smiled kindly as I returned. “Nick, did you kick(踢出) Jackson out of that house?” “Jackson!” I cried. “Who is he?” “There is no Jackson,” he said. “Miss Fraser is lonely and she likes company. We always let the new young men deal with Miss Fraser. It gives her deep satisfaction. That’s what we are here for, isn’t it — to satisfy the public?” 31. Why did Sergeant Barstow leave quickly when Miss Fraser came? A. Because he wanted to let Nick deal with her alone. B. Because he had to go and catch Jackson at once. C. Because he was tired of the elderly woman. D. Because he knew she would tell a lie. 32. Miss Fraser told Nick that _____. A. her neighbor had often caused her trouble B. it was her first visit to the police station C. she was looking for Sergeant Barstow D. someone had broken into her house 33. When knocking on the door of NO. 41, Nick got no answer because _____. A. Jackson had run away B. the owner was asleep C. it was an empty house D. Jackson was hiding in it 34. Miss Fraser made up the story of Jackson because _____. A. she liked to play jokes on the policemen B. she wanted to have someone to talk with C. she loved to show others her nice coffee D. she hated Jackson very much B Brownie and Spotty were neighbor dogs who met every day to play together. Like pairs of dogs you can find in any neighborhood, these two loved each other and played together so often that they had worn a path through the grass of the field between their houses. One evening, Brownie’s family noticed that Brownie hadn’t returned home. They went looking for him with no success. Brownie didn’t show up the next day, and, although they made their efforts to find him, by the next week he was still missing, Curiously, Spotty showed up at Brownie’s house alone, barking and jumping. Busy with their own lives, they paid no attention to the nervous little neighbor dog. Finally, one morning Spotty refused to take “no” for an answer. Ted, Brownie’s owner, was continuously disturbed by the angry, determined little dog. Spotty followed Ted about, barking all the time, then darting toward a nearby empty lot and back, as if to say, “Follow me! It’s urgent!”

Eventually, Ted followed Spotty across the empty lot as Spotty stopped to race back and barked encouragingly. The little dog led the man to a deserted spot a half mile from the house. There Ted found his beloved Brownie alive, one of his legs crushed in a steel trap (圈套). Frightened, Ted now wished he had taken Spotty’s earlier appeals seriously. Then Ted noticed something. Spotty had done something else besides leading Brownie’s human owner to his trapped friend. In a circle around the injured dog, Ted found some food remains of every meal. Brownie had been fed that week! Spotty had been visiting Brownie regularly, in the hope of keeping his friend alive. Spotty had actually stayed with Brownie to protect him from hunger and other dangers, and keep his spirits up. Brownie’s leg was carefully treated and he soon got well again. For many years thereafter the two families watched the faithful friends chasing each other down that well-worn path between their houses. 35. At the very beginning, Ted paid little attention to Spotty because __________. A. he was not free at the moment. B. he was sure Brownie would be OK. C. he didn’t like Spotty at all. D. his missing dog made him sad. 36. The underlined word “darting” in the third paragraph can be replaced by ___________. A. walking B. shouting C. rushing D. looking 37. The BEST title for this passage might be____________? A. Dogs in Love B. A Friend in Need C. Human and dogs D. Dogs Are Loyal 38. We can infer from the passage that ___________. A. human’s and animals depend on each other for comfort. B. It’s not right to hunt for animals in any neighborhood. C. Ted has to take better care of his beloved dog later on. D. Brownie would have died without Soptty’s timely help. C “Luck is a matter of preparation meeting opportunity,” said the American talk show host Oprah Winfrey. I’ve never watched her show, but when a self-made billionaire gives life advice it’s probably worth listening to. Her point is that blind luck is very rare. You may have to be lucky to find a good job these days but that does not mean you should sit at home waiting for the opportunity to come to you. If you’ re a Chinese,you may already be familiar with the tale of a farmer waiting by a tree stump (树桩) for a rabbit to run out and break its neck. A book by the UK psychologist Richard Wiseman, called The Luck Factor, argues we can all make ourselves luckier. It’ s not about going to a temple to burn some incense (香) in hopes that the gods will give you good fortune; it’ s practical advice you can follow each day. Wiseman conducted an experiment as part of his studies. First he divided volunteers into two groups:those who said they were lucky in life and those who said they were not. He gave everyone a newspaper and asked them to look through it to count how many photographs it had inside. On average, the unlucky people took about two minutes to count the photographs while the lucky people took just seconds. Why? On the second page of the newspaper, a command, “Stop counting. There are 43 photographs in this newspaper,” was written in big letters. The unlucky people mostly did not spot the message. It’s easy to compare this situation to a young person looking for jobs in a local paper. They might search so hard for one type of position that they miss an even better opportunity. People who are “lucky”, in fact, keep an open mind and don’t go through the same routine every day.

I first came to China in 2002 when it was considered a rather strange thing to do. Like many foreigners,my plan was to teach English for one year. Seven years later, and still here, I’ ve had many great opportunities such as writing for newspapers and magazines. I did not dream these would have been possible. I’ ve also never been sick, had an accident, got into a fight or had problems with the police. Coincidence? After reading about Professor Wiseman’ s studies I think not. As Wiseman advises, I usually trust my own judgment. Your friends and parents may give you advice based on rational thinking, but it’s important to consider how you feel about each choice you make. Your feeling acts as a warning for a potential problem. Finally, try to turn bad luck into good. Even if you do fall down and break a leg, the time spent at home can be used wisely to study English. 39.Which of the following proverbs most agrees with the writer’ s point? A. Make the best of a bad job. B. Rome was not built in a day. C. All is not gold that glitters(放光). D. A good heart conquers ill fortune. 40.What do you know about Oprah Winfrey? A. She became famous through her family background. B. She was very lucky and seldom suffered setbacks in her life. C. She is a British talk show host. D. She became successful by her own effort. 41.The writer quoted(引用) the Chinese tale of a farmer in order to show________. A. luck is in your own hand B. bad luck can turn into good C. you should not sit at home waiting for the opportunity to come to you D. man can conquer nature 42.From the experiment Wiseman drew the conclusion that________. A. lucky people are quick-minded B. unlucky people are slow to read C. lucky people often have an open mind D. unlucky people are more creative D Education cuts(削减) have become routine (惯常的) over the past few years, which has made it difficult for students to learn. The results of a survey of 1,850 Los Angeles County high school students show just how much the cuts are affecting students. Because of teacher layoffs (解雇), class sizes at some high schools have risen to 50 students — even in math and English classes. Some 37 percent of students report that they sometimes don’t have a desk to sit at. Sixty-seven percent say crowded classrooms make them feel the teachers don’t have enough time to teach, and 30 percent say they’ve not been able to join in a program because it’s no longer offered at their school. At a time when technology is an important skill, 52 percent of students say there aren’t enough computers. Or they’re often broken, and there’s no one to fix them. Fifty-one percent say they’ve had to share textbooks with a classmate because there aren’t enough copies to go around. Fifty-seven percent say they’ve had to copy information because their school doesn’t have enough paper to make copies. “We have only one science teacher for the entire(整个的) high school,” writes Felix Ruano, a 16-year-old student. He goes on to describe how that teacher, who is only qualified to teach chemistry, is teaching physics — or, at least, is trying to do so. “He shows physics videos and we teach ourselves from our textbook,” says Ruano. And, as has been seen elsewhere, “all but one of the restrooms” at Ruano’s school “have been closed because we don’t have enough people to clean them.”

Ruano notes that though faced with the challenges, 97 percent of students say they plan to go to college. But without “properly trained teachers and the best resources,” says Ruano, it’s not likely that every student will achieve that goal. “Unless schools fix these problems,” he says, “students could lose hope.” 43. According to the text, education cuts have led to the following results EXCEPT that _____. A. class sizes at some high schools have risen B. some students don’t have a desk to sit at C. some students have to share textbooks D. some students have to leave school 44. The underlined word “qualified” in the fourth paragraph can best be replaced by “_____”. A. fit B. willing C. bored D. worried 45. According to Ruano, _____. A. he is good at teaching himself B. most students plan to go to college C. his school is going to be closed D. most students are hopeful about their school 46. What would be the best title for the text? A. What caused education cuts? B. Education cuts, right or wrong? C. Education cuts have hurt students D. How to deal with education cuts E Why do men die earlier than women? The latest research makes it known that the reason could be that men’s hearts go into rapid decline(下降) when they reach middle age. The largest study of the effects of ageing on the heart has found that women’s longevity may be linked to the fact that their hearts do not lose their pumping power with age. “We have found that the power of the male heart falls by 20-25 percent between 18 and 70 years of age,” said the head of the study, David Goldspink of Liverpool John Moores University in the UK. “Within the heart there are millions of cells(细胞) that enable it to beat. Between the age of 20 and 70, one-third of those cells die and are not replaced in men,” said Goldspink. “This is part of the ageing process.” What surprises the scientists is that the female heart sees very little loss of these cells. A healthy 70-year-old woman’s heart could perform almost as well as a 20-year-old one’s. “This gender difference might just explain why women live longer than men,” said Goldspink. They studied more than 250 healthy men and women between the ages of 18 and 80, focusing on healthy persons to remove the confusing influence of disease. “The team has yet to find why ageing takes a greater loss on the male heart,” said Goldspink. The good news is that men can improve the health of their heart with regular exercise. Goldspink stressed that women also need regular exercise to prevent their leg muscles becoming smaller and weaker as they age. 47. The underlined word “longevity” in the second paragraph probably refers to “________”. A. health B. long life C. ageing D. effect 48. The text mainly talks about ________. A. men’s heart cells B. women’s ageing process C. the gender difference D. hearts and long life 49. According to the text, the UK scientists have known that ________.

A. women have more cells than men when they are born B. women can replace the cells that enable the heart to beat C. the female heart loses few of the cells with age D. women never lose their pumping power with age 50. We can know from the passage that ________. A. the reason why ageing takes a greater loss on the male heart has been found out B. scientists are on the way to finding out why the male heart loses more of the cells C. the team has done something to prevent the male from suffering the greater loss D. women over 70 could lose more heart cells than those at the age of 20 第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:完成句子(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 根据汉语意思,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子。 51. After many days’ voyage, they arrived in _________________ “Hong Kong” today.(call) 航行了多天后,他们到达了今天称为香港的地方。 52. I have to park my car on the side road, or I __________________ by the police.(fine) 我不得不把车子停靠在路边,否则会被警察罚款。 53. More subways _________________ at present and it is expected that after completion the traffic of the city will be greatly improved. (build) 目前更多的地铁正在被建造,预计建成后城市交通将得到极大改善。 54. When you spoke in front of 300 people at yesterday’s conference, you _____________ nervous. (feel) 当你在昨天的大会上面对 300 人发言时,你一定感到紧张。 55. How time flies! Half a year has passed __________________. (realize) 时间过得真快!在我们不知不觉中半年过去了。 56. In that big earthquake,the number of people____________________ reached more than 400,000. (injure) 在那次地震中受伤的人数达到了40多万。 57. This house, _______________________ 200,000 Yuan, is now worth 500,000 Yuan. (buy) 这个房子现在值 50 万元,而他只花了 20 万元买的。 58. I really don’t know ___________________ that made him so unhappy. (it) 我真得不知道是什么使得他如此不高兴。 59. With the weather ___________, people gradually spend less time on outdoor activities.(get) 随着天气变得更冷,人们逐渐减少了户外活动的时间。 60. Only then __________________ to have doubts whether my story would ever be told. (begin) 只有在那个时候,我才开始怀疑,我的经历究竟能不能公之于众呢! 第二节:短文写作(共 1 小题,满分 30 分) 请根据以下提示,结合你生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈你对“健康就是财富”的理 解和看法。 “Good health is the foundation of a fulfilling life,” said Chairman Mao.“Health is wealth!” goes an old saying. It is wise not to let health be replaced by wealth, because sometimes lost health could never be regained no matter how wealthy you are. 注意: ①无需写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; ②除诗歌外,文体不限;

③内容必须结合自己生活或学习中的一个事例; ④词数为 120 左右。

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