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2015高考英语阅读和短文改错能力练习题及析 (4)


2015 高考英语阅读和短文改错能力练习题及析(4)
完形填空 I was born with cerebral palsy(大脑性瘫痪)and did not walk until after I was two years old. Although my condition was relatively mild and I 1 quite well, I fac

ed many challenges. I was regularly chosen last for a baseball team when school children were organizing a 2 . I never learned how to ice-skate. It took me forever to learn to 3 a bike, and my knees and elbows were always injured in the process. Even so, I was a 4 boy and was well liked by my peers throughout elementary school. The most 5 time came when I began high school. I 6 up for the cross-country track and field team. My 7 had always been poor, and a slight push would send me flying to the dirt. Over the first few days other runners noticed my poor pace and would knock me 8 balance as they lapped me on the track. To the 9 of some, I was forced to get up several times. They 10 me about my poor performance and made me the target of their one-sided fight. But I was never a 11 . I stayed with track and field even though the harassment(骚扰)at the track 12 . One day in early October, we had unexpected snow and freezing rain. The track team was allowed to 13 indoors. I borrowed the stopwatch from the coach and 14 my time on the track. As the other kids exercised in the gym, they couldn’t help but notice the one 15 runner dragging through freezing rain on the snow-covered track. The next week, the weather returned to normal, and outdoor training continued. The harassment, 16 , did not. Each time a member of the track team passed me, he would offer a few words of 17 . “Keep going, pal. ” “Don’t give up, bro. ” “You can do it, buddy. ” At the end of that month, I was voted“athlete of the month”and was presented with a certificate. I earned their 18 . Now whenever I despair, I’ll 19 myself that challenges are not overcome by force, but rather by determination and a sincere 20 in the natural goodness of others. 【文章大意】从小患有大脑性瘫痪的作者面临许多挑战, 并最终赢得他人尊重, 这使他明白了 这样一个道理: 挑战不是通过武力克服的, 而是通过意志和对别人善良天性的真诚信任。 1. A. managed B. worked C. behaved D. remained 【解析】选 A。考查对上下文语境的理解。由于作者病得不重 , 所以设法应对得很好。work 工作; behave 表现; remain 剩余, 逗留。 2. A. party B. trip C. game D. meeting 【解析】选 C。考查常识。选拔棒球队员自然是为组织比赛。 3. A. push B. ride C. fix D. make 【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。由后半句 my knees and elbows were always injured in the process 可知应该是花了很长时间才学会骑(ride)自行车。 4. A. clever B. kind C. lucky D. happy 【解析】选 D。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据后半句 was well liked by my peers throughout
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elementary school 可知作者很快乐。 5. A. difficult B. important

C. enjoyable

D. critical

【解析】选 A。考查对上 下文语境的理解。根据文章第一段 I faced many challenges 并结合本 段内容可知。 6. A. raised B. carried C. picked D. signed 【解析】选 D。考查固定搭配。sign up for 为固定搭配, 意为“报名”。 7. A. eyesight B. judgement C. balance D. behavior 【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解和词语复现。由于作者患大脑性瘫痪, 轻轻一推就可 以让他摔倒, 所以他的平衡不好。 下文 Over the first few days other runners noticed my poor pace and would knock me balance as they lapped me on the track. 也有提示。 8. A. off B. with C. in D. on 【解析】选 A。考查介词辨析。off 偏离; with 具有; in 在……里; on 在……上。 9. A. excitement B. amusement C. contentment D. astonishment 【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解和名词辨析。根据 Over the first few days other runners noticed my poor pace and would knock me balance as they lapped me on the track. 可知他 们是故意拿“我”取乐。 amusement 取乐, 消遣; excitement 兴奋; contentment 满意; astonishment 惊奇。 10. A. told B. teased C. warned D. questioned 【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。tease 取笑, 戏弄; tell 告诉; warn 警告; question 质问。 11. A. quitter B. runner C. fighter D. beggar 【解析】选 A 。考查对上下文语境的理解。由下句 I stayed with track and field 可知“我”没有放 弃。 12. A. appeared B. stopped C. increased D. continued 【解析】 选 D。 考查动词词义辨析。 尽管骚扰还在继续, 我依然没有离开。 continue 继续; appear 出现; stop 停止; increase 增加。 13. A. rest B. study C. train D. play 【解析】 选 C。 考查词语复现。 由下文 The next week, the weather returned to normal, and outdoor training continued. 可知。 14. A. organized B. improved C. wasted D. enjoyed 【解析】 选 B。 考查对上下文语境的理解和动词辨析。 根据下句 As the other kids exercised in the gym, they couldn’t help but notice the one runner dragging through freezing rain on the snow-covered track. 可知作者不顾雪天和冷雨继续练习以提高自己的时间。improve 改进, 提 高; organize 组织; waste 浪费; enjoy 喜欢。 15. A. weak B. hard C. brave D. lone 【解析】选 D。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据前半句 As the other kids exercised in the gym 可 知作者只身一人在户外训练。 16. A. moreover B. therefore C. however D. though 【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解和副词辨析。根据“Keep going, pal. ”“Don’t give up, bro. ”“You can do it, buddy. ”可知。however 然而; moreover 而且; therefore 因此; though 尽管。 17. A. praise B. encouragement C. comfort D. congratulation 【解析】 选 B。 考查对上下文语境的理解和常识。 “Keep going, pal. ”“Don’t give up, bro. ”“You can do it, buddy. ”显然是鼓励的话语。 18. A. attention B. trust C. thanks D. respect
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【解析】选 D。考查名词辨析。earn one’s respect 赢得某人的尊重。respect 尊重; attention 注 意; trust 信任; thanks 感谢。 19. A. promise B. bless C. remind D. inform 【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。remind 提醒; promise 许诺; bless 祝福; inform 通知。 20. A. faith B. love C. interest D. pride 【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。此句意为“现在无论何时我绝望时, 我都提醒自己挑战不是通 过武力克服的, 而是通过意志和对别人善良天性的真诚信任。 ”faith 信任; love 爱; interest 兴趣; pride 自豪。

阅读下列短文, 从给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中, 选出最佳选项。 (2013· 四川,D) Home to me means a sense of familiarity and nostalgia (怀旧 ). It's fun to come home. It looks the same. It smells the same. You'll realize what's changed is you. Home is where we can remember pain, love, and some other experiences: We parted here; My parents met here; I won three championships here. If I close my eyes, I can still have a clear picture in mind of my first home. I walk in the door and see a brown sofa surrounding a low glasstop wooden table. To the right of the living room is my first bedroom. It's empty, but it's where my earliest memories are. There is the dining room table where I celebrated birthdays, and where I cried on Halloween—when I didn't want to wear the skirt my mother made for me. I always liked standing on that table because it made me feel tall and strong. If I sit at the table, I can see my favorite room in the house, my parents' room. It is simple: a brown wooden dresser lines the right side of the wall next to a television and a couple of photos of my grandparents on each side. Their bed is my safe zone. I can jump on it anytime—walking up my parents if I am scared or if I have an important announcement that cannot wait until the morning. I'm lucky because I know my first home still exists. It exists in my mind and heart, on a physical property (住宅 ) on West 64th street on the western edge of Los Angeles. It is proof I lived, I grew, and I learned. Sometimes when I feel lost, I lie down and shut my eyes, and I go home. I know it's where I'll find my family, my dogs, and my belongings. I purposely leave the window open at night because I know I'll be blamed by Mom. But I don't mind, because I want to hear her say my name, which reminds me I'm home. 文章大意:家是让人感觉到和平、安宁、安全、祥和的地方,是能够让人的心灵完全放松的 地方。 9.Why does the author call her parents' bed her “safe zone” (Paragraph 3)? A.It is her favorite place to play. B.Her needs can be satisfied there. C.Her grandparents' photos are lined on each side. D.Her parents always play together with her there. 答案:B 细节理解题,由第三段 I can jump on it anytime...until the morning 可知,在她父母的 床上,她可以随心所欲,需要可以得到满足。 10.What can be learned from the passage? A.The old furniture is still in author's first bedroom.
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B.The author can still visit her first physical home in Los Angeles. C.The author's favorite room in her first home is the dining room. D.Many people of the author's age can still find their first physical homes. 答案:B 推理判断题,由文章第四段可知,作者位于洛杉矶的家还在,它曾经是作者生活、 成长和学习的地方,她仍然可以前往拜访。 11.Sometimes when she feels lost, the author will ________. A.open the window at night B.lie down in bed to have a dream C.try to bring back a sense of home D.go to Los Angeles to visit her mom 答案:C 细节理解题,由文章第五段 I lie down and shut my eyes, and I go home...and my belongings 可知,此时,作者会躺下寻找一种家的感觉。 12.What is the author's purpose of writing this passage? A.To express how much she is attached to her home. B.To declare how much she loves her first house. C.To describe the state of her family. D.To look back on her childhood. 答案:A 推理判断题,从全文作者对于家的陈述可知,从儿时到现在她一直依恋于家。

阅读下列四篇短文,从每小题后所给的 A,B,C 或 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 You know eating fruit and vegetables does good. But do you know it can also make you look good? People who increased their intake over just six weeks developed a healthy glow and appeared more attractive, researchers found. Scientists at St Andrews University found eating them slightly increased yellow and red pigments in the volunteers' skin. They monitored the food intake of 35 people and took pictures of their faces, arms and hands using a sensitive camera at the start, and after three and six weeks. Increasing their intake of greens by 2.9 portions a day was found to make the person look more healthy and an extra 3.3 portions could enhance their attractiveness, when their photographs were rated by others. Fruit and vegetables are rich in carotenoids(类胡萝卜素),which are known to protect against cell damage from pollution and UV rays, and can also prevent age-related diseases including heart disease and cancer. But while it was known eating extreme amounts of certain vegetables such as carrots could turn skin orange,it was not known a small increase was perceptible(被觉察)to others—and was seen as appealing. A camera measured changes to the skin's redness, yellowness and lightness, and found it significantly changed in people who naturally increased their intake. These changes were not evident in three weeks. Using light sensors, the researchers showed these red and yellow hues were linked with the levels of carotenoids in their skin. There are hundreds of carotenoids but those thought to have the most dramatic effect are lycopene(番茄红素)—which gives tomatoes and red peppers their red colour—and beta-carotene found in carrots as well as broccoli, squash, and spinach. Skin colour is also affected by chemicals called polyphenols(多元酚),found in apples, blueberries and cherries, which cause blood rush to the skin surface. 1. What do we know from the research?
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A. If you take in a little more fruit and vegetables, you will obviously look more attractive in three weeks. B. The researchers took the pictures of the 35 people in the research at different stages. C. Increasing your intake of greens by 2.9 portions a day can greatly improve your health. D. People who increased their intake of greens by 3.3 portions a day were found the most attractive after six weeks. 2. Which of the following is NOT the function of carotenoids? A. They can protect against cell damage from pollution and UV rays. B. They can prevent heart disease and cancer. C. They can prevent age-related diseases. D. They can keep you in good health. 3. Which of the statements is NOT TRUE according to the passage? A. We've already known eating extreme amounts of carrots can turn skin orange. B. We knew in the past that eating a few more carrots could make us look appealing. C. The research showed the improvement in skin is linked with the levels of carotenoids in it. D. Among hundreds of carotenoids, lycopene is thought to have the most dramatic 4. We can infer from the passage that _____. A. skin's redness, yellowness and lightness make a person look more healthy and attractive B. carotenoids have the same effect as lycopene C. it is carotenoids that give tomatoes and red peppers their red colour D. both beta-carotene and polyphenols affect skin colour by causing blood rush to the skin surface 5. Which can be the best title of the passage? A. Eating fruit and vegetables does good. B. Fruit and vegetables are rich in carotenoids. C. How to become attractive? 【参考答案】1—5、BDBAD D. Eating fruit and vegetables makes you look good.

短文改错 I was real sad when I found my bicycle went wrong again. Tired of repairing it again and again, I decided buy a new one. After school, I went to a shop locating in the center of the city with a friend called Jack. The black bicycle attracted my eyes as soon as we went into the store. It looked so cool that I could hardly wait to ride it. The shopkeepers told us that it was the latest bicycle. He wanted to charge me for 800 yuan, that was too high for me. I just couldn’ t afford such an expensive one. Then I choose another one, which cost him only 200 yuan. It was not perfect, so it was much better than the old one. 【参考答案】 I was real sad when I found my bicycle went wrong again. Tired of repairing it again and again, really I decided ∧ buy a new one. After school, I went to a shop locating in the center of the city with a to located friend called Jack. The black bicycle attracted my eyes as soon as we went into the store. It looked A so cool that I could hardly wait to ride it. The shopkeepers told us that it was the latest bicycle.
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shopkeeper He wanted to charge me for 800 yuan, that was too high for me. I just couldn’ t afford such which an expensive one. Then I choose another one, which cost him only 200 yuan. It was not perfect, chose me so it was much better than the old one. but

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