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非谓语动词高考陷阱易错题


非谓语动词 高考陷阱易错题归纳总结

复习 非谓语动词的用法

一、非谓语动词和并列谓语动词的区别
分析句子结构,判断空格是做谓语还是状语。看句子是 否有and连接。有的话就是谓语,没有就是状语。 并列谓语 ①She took her son, ran out of the house, _____ A him in the

car and drove quickly to the nearest doctor’s office. A. put B. to put C. putting D. having put.

解析:句中的took, ran, put, drove 为四并列的谓语动词, 其时态应一致。 ② A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____ B all four people on board. 结果状语,有因果关系用ing. A. killed B. killing C. kills D. to kill 句意:一架小飞机撞到了城市东部五英里处一座小山边, 结果飞机上四人全部遇难。

二.非谓语动词to do做状语和介词to加谓语的区别。

分析句子结构,首先判断空格是做谓语还是非谓语动词; 其次特别注意空格前面是否有定语从句,注意动词短语的 搭配是否还缺少介词to;最后看介词to是跟空格前面的动词 短语搭配还是和后面的动词原形搭配。假如是和前面搭配, 空格所选的项就是to加谓语。否则就是to do 做目的状语。 ① How happy we are! The holiday we have been looking A at last. 主语 forward to _______ 定语从句 ∧ A. to has come 谓语 B. to have come C. to having come D. has come her. 目的状语 A. to help
定语从句 C. helping D. helped

A ? ② I think this is the very work that we must finish ____
?

B. help

三.非谓语动词做状语和特殊句型的区别。
这里所讲的特殊句型是:祈使句,and/or+主语+will +谓语 +宾语。 假如两个句子之间有连词and/or等,就选动词原形。 没有连词的话,证明空格是做状语,根据具体情况选择非谓 语动词的各种形式。
?

? ?

?

?

祈使句 A the road round to the right and you’ll find ①_______ his house. A. Follow B. Following C. To follow D.Followed B 状语 the road round to the right, you’ll find ② _______ his house. 主语 主动 A. Follow B. Following C. To follow DFollowed C 状语 the road round to the right, the blind man ③_______ 主语 asked a boy to guide him. 目的状语 A. Follow B. Following C. To follow D. Followed

四、非谓语动词中独立主格结构的用法。
在用分词短语作状语时,它的逻辑主语一般必须与句子的 主语一致。但当前后主语不一致时,它可以有自己独立的 逻辑上的主语,这种结构称为独立主格结构。做题时分析 句子结构,重点看前后主语是否一致。但如果两个句子之 间有连词and等,空格应选根据时态来选谓语。 A we’re ? ① All the preparations for the project ______, ready to start. 主语 独立主格 主语 被动 ? A. completed B. have been completed ? C. had been completed D. been completed B谓语 and we’re ? ② All the preparations for the project ______, 主语 连词 ready to start. ? A. completed B. have been completed ? C. had been completed D. been completed

? 实战演练

? 高考真题

(2010重庆)
谓语
状语

C The news shocked the public, ______to great concern about students’ safety at school. A. having led B. led C. leading D. to lead

解析:句意为:这个消息使公众震惊,也引起了人们 对学生在校安全的关注。The news和lead之间是主谓关系, 并作shocked的伴随状语,所以用leading。

主语 (10浙江) 谓语 主语 定语 2. The traffic rule says young children under the age D of four and ____ less than 40 pounds must be in a child safety seat. 并列定语 系动词 A. being weighed B. to weigh C. weighed D. weighing
解析:动词weigh与名词children是主谓关系,所以选择 weighing做定语。句意:交通法则规定四岁以下并且体重 不超过四十磅的婴儿必须坐在婴儿安全座上。

(2008北京) 3. It is worth considering what makes "convenience C better ones of your own. “ foods so popular, and ___ A. introduces B. to introduce C. introducing D. introduced
解析:考查非谓语动词。and连接并列成分,题干前面是 its worth considering,and后仍需是it’s worth doing的结 结构,故选C。

(2004北京) 并列谓语 谓语 A 4. I got out of the taxi, _____ the fare and dashed into the station. A. paid B. paying C. to pay D. having paid

解析:我从出租车里出来,付了车费, 接着猛冲进车站。

(2006湖南)

5. The theory he sticks to ______ to be of no use in our studies. A. proves B. prove C. proving D. be proved

主语

定语从句

A

谓语

解析:句子的基本结构为 The theory proves to be of no use in our studies. 句意:他坚持的理论被证明 在我们的学习中没有用。

(2010上海)

B 6. That is the only way we can imagine ______ the
overuse of water in students' bathrooms. 目的状语

定语从句

A. reducing B. to reduce C. reduced D. reduce 解析:此题容易误选A. 注意句中有定从。所以 Imagine和空格的选项没有任何的关系。根据句意 空格应该是做目的状语。

2007重庆 主语

The children went home from the grammar school, B their lessons _______ for the day.
主语

A.finishing C. had finished

B. finished 被动关系 D. were finished

解析:两个句子中间没有and等连词,所 以不是两个单独的句子。因此考查得是独 立主格结构。

2005上海
主语 谓语

8. At last, we found ourselves in a pleasant park with D trees providing shade and ______ down to eat our 并列 picnic lunch. 谓语 A. sitting B. having sat C. to sit D. sat

2004湖北

A 9. ______straight on, and you’ll see a church. You won’t miss it. A. Go C. If you go B. Going D. When going

解析:固定句型:祈使句,and/or+主语+will +谓语+宾语。

(2008湖南) D the project as planned, we'll have to work 10. ______ two more hours a day. A. Completing C. Completed B. Complete D. To complete

解析:目的状语。句意:为了能按计划完成这个 工程,我们将不得不每天多加班两个小时。

2008湖南

D 11. ______the website of the Fire Department in your city, and you will learn a lot about firefighting. A. Having searched C. Searching B. To search D. Search

解析:固定句型:祈使句,and/or+主语+will +谓语+宾语。句意:搜索一下你们城市消防部门 的网站,你将了解到很多关于消防的知识。

2006浙江 定语从句 主语 D to 12. The work he paid special attention _____ nothing. A. came C. to coming B. to come D. to came

解析:to 后的动词 came 是句子的谓语, 句意为“他特别关注的那项工作泡汤了”。

Revision
一.非谓语动词和并列谓语动词的区别

二.非谓语动词to do做状语和介词to加谓语的区别。 三.非谓语动词做状语和特殊句型的区别。

四.非谓语动词中独立主格结构的用法。


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