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英语高频词汇第二部分1


英语高频词汇(带例句) 第二部分
1. impose /im’p?uz/ vt. 把......强加给(on);采用,利用 Many universities have imposed this policy on the staff. 许多大学对老师强制实行这一政策。 2. victim /’viktim/n.牺牲品,受害者 The public will becom

e the victims of the environment pollution.. 公众将深受环境污染之害。 3. interfere /int?’fi?/v.干涉,干扰,妨碍 He never interferes in other ’s affairs.他从不干涉别人的事。 Smoking and drinking interfere with your body's ability to process oxygen. 吸烟和喝酒妨碍身体对氧的吸收能力。 4. internal /in’t?:n?l/ a. 内部的,国内的 We should make an internal inquiry to find out who is responsible for the it. 我们应进行内部调查,找出对此事承担责任的人。 5. beforehand /bi’f?:h?nd/ ad.预先,事先 I had made preparations beforehand.我预先作了准备。 He warned the public beforehand what to expect.他预先提醒过公众将会发生什么。 6. racial /’rei??l/ a.人种的,种族的 Racial tension has reached boiling point. 种族间的紧张状态已达到一触即发的程度 7. radiation /7reidi’ei??n/ n.放射物,辐射 If the cancer returns, radiation therapy is successful in 90 per cent of cases. 如果癌症复发,放射 性疗法有 90%的治愈率。 8. radical /’r?dik?l/ a.根本的,激进的 In the past decades, there are some radical changes and transformations in society. 在过去几十年,社会发生了根本的变化。 Some people took up a radical position on this issue. 有些人对这个问题抱着激进的态度。 9. range /reind?/n. 幅度,范围 v. (在某范围内)变动 A wide range of measures are available. 有各种措施可以使用。 10. isolate /’ais?leit/ vt.使隔离,使孤立 They are finding themselves increasingly isolated within the teaching profession. 他们发现自己在教育界中越来越孤立。 We shouldn’t not isolate the phenomenon from other issues. 我们不能孤立地看这个现象。 11. issue /’isju:/ n.问题,争论点;发行,(报刊)一期 A key issue for higher education in the 1990's is the need for greater diversity of courses... 20 世 纪 90 年代,高等教育的一个重要议题是要使课程更加多样化。 12. hollow /’h?l?u/ a. 空的,中空的,空虚的 Thesuggestions on improving educational vies sound hollow. 这些关于提高教育的建议听来很空洞。 13. adequate /’?dikwit/ a.适当的;足够的 Weshould seek for an adequate solution to the problem. 我们应寻求解决这个问题的适当办法。 14. adhere /?d’hi?/ vi. 粘附,附着;遵守,坚持 All members of the society should adhere to a strict code of practice.

社会的所有成员都应遵守一套严格的行为规范。 15. ban /b?n/ vt. 取缔,禁止 Canada will ban smoking in all offices later this year. 加拿大将从今年晚些时候起在办公场所 全面禁烟。 16. capture /’c?pt??/ vt. 俘虏,捕获, 吸引 This issuehas capturedpeople’s attention. 这个问题已经引起了人们的关注。 17. valid/’v?lid/ a. 有效的,有根据的;正当的 They put forward many valid reasons. 他们提出了很多正当理由。 18. consistent/k?n’sist?nt/ a. 坚固的;一致的,始终如一的 New goals are not always consistent with the existing policies. 新目标并不总与现行政策一致。 19. continuous /k?n’tinju?s/a. 继续的,连续(不断)的 ...all employees who had a record of five years' continuous employment with the firm... 所有在公 司连续任职达 5 年的员工 20. continual /k?n’tinju?l/ a. 不断的,频繁的 They felt continual pressure to perform well. 他们不断感受到压力,促使他们好好表演。 21. explode /iks’pl?ud/ v. 报摘;爆发;激增 Do you fear that you'll burst into tears or explode with anger in front of her?你担心会在她面前放 声大哭或是勃然大怒吗? 22. exploit /iks’pl?it/ v. 剥削;利用,开采 You must exploit all your spare time to learn English. 你必须利用一切空闲时间来学习英语。 23. explore /iks’pl?:/v.勘探 I want to explore the reasons behind this phenomenon. 我想探究这现象背后的原因。 24. explosion /iks’pl?u??n/ n. 爆炸;爆发;激增 The explosion of oil prices caused an economical crisis. 石油价格的急剧上涨引起了经济危机。 25. explosive /iks’pl?usiv/ a. 爆炸的;极易引起争论的 The explosive growth in cars is one of the most conspicuous signs of modernization. 汽车数量的暴涨是最明显的现代化标志之一。 26. removal /ri’mu:v?l/ n. 除去,消除 The removal of air pollution is rather difficult. 27. precaution /pri’k?:??n/ n.预防,防备,警惕 All this wake the local government to the need for safety precaution. 所有这些使当地政府认识到必须采取安全预防措施。 28. identify /ai’dentifai/ vt. 认出,鉴定 Never identify wealth with happiness.千万不要把财富等同于幸福。 29. poverty /’p?v?:ti/ n.贫穷 According to World Bank figures, 41 per cent of Brazilians live in absolute poverty.根据世界银行 的统计数字,41%的巴西人生活在赤贫中。 30. resistant /ri’zist?nt/ a. (to) 抵抗的,抗......的,耐......的 A healthy diet creates a body resistant to disease.保健饮食有助于增强体内对疾病的抵抗力。 31.resolve /ri’z?lv/ vt.& vi. 解决;决定,决意 We must find a way to resolve these problems before it's too late. 我们必须找到一个办法去解决这些问题,不然就太晚了。 32. advertise /’?dv?taIz/ v. 为......做广告

We advertised for staff in a local newspaper. 我们在一家地方报纸上刊登了招聘广告。 33. agency /’eid??nsi/ n.代理商,经销商 She is calling for a collaboration of local and central government to deal with the problem. 她在呼吁地方、中央政府政府通力合作来处理这个问题。 34. focus /’f?k?s/v. (使)聚集 n. 焦点,中心,聚焦 He always wants to be the focus of attention.他总想成为注意力的焦点。 The UN's role in promoting peace is increasingly the focus of international attention. 联合国在促进和平方面的作用越来越成为国际关注的焦点。 35. debate /di’beit/v./n. & v. 辩论,争论 There has been a lot of debate among scholars about this. 学者之间对此一直争论纷纷。 36. decade /de’keid/ n. 十年 Prices have risen steadily during the past decade. 在过去十年里,物价一直在上涨。 I believed that this struggle is going to go on and it might well be decided in the next decade. 我相信这一对抗还将会持续下去,并可能在下一个十年中得出结果。 37. encounter /in’kaunt?/ vt./n. 遭遇,遭到 Every day of our lives we encounter major and minor stresses of one kind or another. 生活中的每一天,我们会遇到或大或小的这样那样的压力。 38. globe /gl?ub/ n. 地球,世界;地球仪 70% of our globe's surface is water. 地球表面 70%的地方覆盖着水。 global /’gl?ubl/ adj. 全球的;总的 On a global scale, AIDS may well become the leading cause of infant death. 艾滋病很可能会成 为造成全球婴儿死亡的首要原因。 Air pollution is a global problem.空气污染是全球性的问题。 The shortage of water has become a global problem.水能短缺已经是全球性的问题了。 39. significance /sig’nifis?nt/ n. 意义;重要性 a decision of major political significance 具有重大政治意义的决定 We attached no significance to his statement. 我们认为他的声明毫无意义。 They failed to appreciate significance of the precautions. 他们没有意识到这些预防措施的重要性。 He has quite realized the true significance of her actions. 他完全认识到了她的行动的重要性。 40. subsequent /’s?bsikw?nt/ adj. 随后的,后来的 Subsequent events confirmed our doubts. 后来发生的事证实了我们的怀疑。 41. virtue /’v?:tju:/ n. 美德,优点 "Patience is a virtue" is an old saying. "忍耐是美德"是句古老的谚语。 42. orient /’?:ri?nt/ vt. 使适应, (to, toward)使朝向 n.东方 China is the biggest country in the orient.中国是东方最大的国家。 43. portion /’p?:t??n/ n. 一部分 The driver must bear a portion of the blame for the accident.司机应该对这场车祸负部分责任。 44. target /’ta:git/ n. 目标,耙子 vt. 瞄准 We were still right on target for our deadline. 我们那时仍然很有希望在最后期限之前完成目标。

45. portable /’p?:t?bl/ adj. 手提式的 Portable telephones are very popular nowadays.现今,移动电话非常普及。 46. decline /dik’lain/ v. 拒绝,谢绝;下降 The number of staff has declined from 217,000 to 114,000.员工人数从 21.7 万减少到了 11.4 万。 Libraries are an investment for the future and they should not be allowed to fall into decline. 图书馆是对未来的一种投资,不应该让图书馆衰落。 There is a sharp decline in unemployment. 失业率急剧下跌。 47. illusion /i’lu:??n/ n.错觉 It is an illusion to think that all wisdom is contained in books. 以为学问知识尽在书中的看法是错误的。 48. likelihood /’laiklihud/ n. 可能,可能性 There didn't seem much likelihood of it happening.这种事情发生的可能性不大。 But the likelihood is that people would be willing to pay if they were certain that their money was going to a good cause. 但有可能的是,如果人们确信自己的钱将用于善事,他们会愿意出钱的。 49. emphasize /emf?’saiz/vt. 强调,着重 He emphasized the importance of careful driving. 他强调小心驾驶的重要性。 50. emotion /i’m?u??n/ n.情感,感情 The speaker appealed to our emotions rather than to our minds. 演讲者激发了我们的情感而不是启发我们的思考。 51. awful /’?:ful/ adj. 极坏的,威严的,可怕的 People do no have a real awareness of the awful inequities in the world. 人们并没真正有意识到这个世界存在着可怕的不平等现象 52. device /di’vais/n.装置,设备 By some devices or other he amassed a huge fortune. 他利用种种手段积累了一大笔财富。 53. inevitable /in’evit?bl/ adj.不可避免的 But most agree that change is inevitable. 但她们多数人同意改变是不可避免的。 54. necessity /ni’sesiti/ n.必需品;必要性 Water is a basic necessity of life. 水是一种基本生活必需品。 Out of necessity or out of interest, people go back to school for the common goal to improve themselves. 不管是出于需要,还是出于兴趣爱好,人们重返学校是为了一个共同的目标---提高自己。 55. previous/’privi?s/ adj. 先前的,以前的 He revoked his previous decision. 他改变了以前作出的决定。 56. substitute /’s?bstitjut/n.代用品 vt.代替 But efficiency is no substitute for pleasure. 但效率是不快乐的替代品。 There is no substitute to hard work and dedication. 什么都替代不了努力工作和奉献。 57. deserve[d?'z??v] vt.应受,应得,值得 These proposals deserve careful study.这些建议值得认真研究。 Government officials clearly deserve some of the blame as well. 政府官员们显然也应受到某些谴责. 58. discrimination /discrimi’neit??n/ n. 歧视;辩别力

He is passionately opposed to racial discrimination.他及其反对种族歧视。 59. professional /pr?’fet??n/adj. 专门的,职业的 My father wanted me to become a professional and have more stability. 我父亲希望我成为一名 专业人士,有更多稳定性。 60. secure /si’kju?/ adj. 安全的,可靠的 vt. 获得,得到 We must create a secure and reliable international environment of lasting peace and stability. 我们要创造安全可靠、长期稳定的国际和平环境。 Senior citizens long for a more predictable and secure future. 老年人渴望一个更可预知、更稳定的未来。 61. nevertheless /’nev?? ilis/adv. 仍然,然而,不过 Our defeat was expected;nevertheless,it was disappointing. 我们的失败是意料中的事;尽管如此,还是令人失望。 62. neutral /’nju:tru?l/ adj. 中立的,中性的 You cannot be completely neutral in this world. 在此世间,你无法做到绝对的中立。 63. medium /’mi:dj?m/ adj. 中等的,适中的 n. 媒介物,新闻媒介 Money is a medium for buying and selling. 钱是用来买卖的一种媒介。 64. compete/k?m’pi:t/ vi. 竞争,比赛 Banks and building societies are competing fiercely for business.银行和购房互助协会为了争夺 业务而展开激烈的竞争。 65. competent /’k?mpit?nt/ adj. 有能力的,能胜任的 He was a loyal, distinguished and very competent civil servant. 他是一个忠诚、出色、很有能力的公务员。 66. distribute /distri’bju(:)t/ vt. 分发 The population is distributed in a very uneven pattern. 人口分布很不平衡。 Distribute it to your family, your friends, and your colleagues and share in thesuccess with people you love. 把它分发给你的家人、朋友、和同事,并与你爱的人一起分享取得的成功。 67. disturb /dis’t?:b/ vt. 打搅,妨碍 People declared themselves profoundly disturbed by the violence. 人们自称因为暴力而感到深刻的不安。 68. infer /in’f?:/ v. 推论,推断 I infer that my proposal has been accepted. 我推测我的建议已被接受。 69. integrate/’intigreit/ v. (into, with)(使)成为一体,(使)合并 Integrating the kids with the community is essential. 使孩子们融入这个社区是非常必要的。 70. promote/pr?’m?ut/ vt. 促进;提升 You don't have to sacrifice environmental protection to promote economic growth.不必为了促进 经济增长而牺牲环境保护。 71. region /’rid?i?n/ n. 地区;范围;幅度

Most of the countries in the region have unstable economies. 这个地区大多数国家的经济都不稳定。 72. stable /’steibl/ adj. 稳定的 Prices remain stable throughout. 物价始终保持稳定。 73. sophisticated/s?fisti’keit/ adj. 老于世故的,老练的;很复杂的 We still have very sophisticated industries. 我们还有很多尖端的行业。 74. cancel /’k?ns?l/ vt. 取消,废除 A bad action often cancels a good one. 坏的行为往往把好的行为抵消。 75. prospect/’pr?spekt/ n. 前景,前途;景象 v.勘探(矿藏),寻找 Unfortunately, there is little prospect of seeing these big questions answered. 遗憾的是,几乎没有可能看到这些重大问题得到解答。 76. cope/k?up/ vi. (with) & vt.(成功地)应付,处理 The problems were an annoyance, but we managed to cope. 这些问题很讨厌,但是我们都设法 解决了。 77. core/k?;/ n. 果心, 核心 vt.挖……的核 I'm not opposed to a core curriculum in principle, but I think requiring a foreign language is unrealistic. 原则上我不反对必修课程,但是我认为把外语列为必修课是不现实的。 78. maintain/mei’tein/ vt. 维持,保持;坚持,主张 He maintains that there are no short cuts to effective management. 他断言,有效的管理没有捷径可走。 The government was right to maintain interest rates at a high level. 该政府将利率维持在一个高的层面是正确的。 79. domestic /d?’mestik/adj. 本国的, 国内的;家用的;家庭的 n.佣人,家仆,本国产品 Low prices crimped domestic output and foreign imports. 低物价阻碍了国内出口和国外进口。 80. authority /?:’θ?riti/ n. 权威;当局;威信 The authority should consider these factors. 当局应该考虑这些因素。 81. attitude /’?titju:d/ n. 态度 Being unemployed produces negative attitudes to work.失业会对工作产生消极态度。 82. community /k?’mju:niti/ n. 社区,社会 Everyone should invest some time in community service. 每个人都应该花些时间在社区服务上。 83. facility /f?’siliti/ n. (pl.) 设备,设施;便利,方便 What recreational facilities are now available?现在有些什么娱乐设施?


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