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【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 非谓语动词类 Word版含解析]


1.—Too glad to congratulate you surviving the serious accident! —But you can never imagine how sad and helpless I was ______ so many innocent people lost their lives in the disaster. A. witne

ssing B. having witnessed C. to witness D. to be witnessed 【解析】C 句意:——很高兴地祝贺你从这次严重的意外中幸存下来。——可是你却 永远无法想象, 当我看到在这次灾难中那么多无辜的人们失去了生命时我是多么的伤心和无 助。题干中 imagine 的后面是一个由 how 引导的宾语从句,这个从句的陈述式是:I was sad and helpless to witness so many innocent people lost their lives in the disaster.这个陈述式符合句 型“sb./sth.+be+adj.+to do/to be done”。由于 I 与 witness 之间是主谓关系,故使用不定 式的主动式。witnessing 用作原因状语时常常置于句首,即:Witnessing so many innocent people lost their lives in the disaster,I was sad and helpless. 2.He hurried to the train station,only ______ that the train had left. A. finding B. to find C. having found D. to have found 【解析】B 句意:他匆忙地赶到火车站,结果发现火车已经离开了。(only)to do/to be done 常用来表示出乎意料的、令人不满意的结果。 3.—Why didn't you let me know it this morning? —______ you concentrate on the important exam. A. Help B. Helping C. To have helped D. To help 【解析】D 句意:——为什么你今天早晨不让我知道这件事?——为了帮助你集中精 力应付这次重要的考试。D 项是不定式作目的状语。 4.______ to supporting the growing number of students seeking odd jobs,we will provide them with the information they need. A. Committing B. Committed C. Being committed D. Having Committed 【解析】B 句意:我们承诺支持越来越多的学生打零工,会给他们提供他们所需的信 息。本题 commit oneself to sth./doing sth.承诺某事/做某事。空格处的非谓语动词与逻辑主语 we 之间是被动关系,故用 committed 表被动。 5.______ how to hold the party for several days, the children finally reached an agreement. A. Having discussed B. Discussing C. Discussed D. To discuss 【解析】A 句意:已经讨论了好几天如何举办聚会,孩子们最后达成了一致意见。考 查现在分词的完成式短语作状语。having done 短语常用于其动作发生在句子谓语动作之前, 特别强调动作发生的先后。 6.Our teachers often tell us, “The harder you study, the more questions you will think of ______.” A. asking B. to ask C. being asked D. to be asked 【解析】B 考查非谓语动词作目的状语。句意:老师经常告诉我们:“学习越努力, 你就越能想出更多的问题去问。 ”此题容易误选 asking。 因为 think of 有自己的宾语 questions, the more…the more…句型后半句还原后的正常语序为:You will think of more questions to

ask,所以选 to ask 作目的状语。 7.If ______ unsolved, this may lead to more serious problems. A. making B. remained C. left D. taking 【解析】C 句意:如果留下了没有解决的问题,这可能会导致更严重的问题出现。考 查学生对非谓语动词及省略句的掌握情况。补全为:If it is left unsolved…故用过去分词表被 动。 8.______ twice a year, whether it is a car or a bus or a truck, is the rule that every driver must obey in this city. A. Examined B. Examining C. Being examined D. Having been examined 【解析】C 句意:无论是小汽车、公交车还是卡车,一年(被)审查两次是这个城市里 的一项规定; 每一个司机都要遵守这项规定。 分析句子结构可知, whether it is a car or a bus or a truck 是条件状语从句, twice a year 是句子的主语,需要用动名词形式;“审查”与“车 辆”之间是动宾关系,需用被动形式。 9.It is not convenient to do the shopping here. Everyone is looking forward to ______ a supermarket soon. A. there to be B. there being C. there will be D. there be 【解析】B 句意:这地方购物不方便。每个人都希望尽快有一家超市。考查 there be 的现在分词形式作宾语。根据 look forward to doing 得出 look forward to there being。 10.The giant panda, never ______ before in Tokyo, immediately became the center of attraction in the zoo. A. see B. seeing C. to be seen D. seen 【解析】D 句意:(因为)之前从未在东京被看到过,这只大熊猫立刻成为这个动物园 惹人注目的动物。panda 与 see 之间是动宾关系,并且 seen 这个动作发生在 became 之前, 故使用表示被动、完成意义的过去分词形式。 11.With spring ______, many coldblooded animals are coming out to hunt food. A. approached B. approaching C. to be approached D. having approached 【解析】B 句意:随着春天的来临,许多冷血动物将走出来觅食。spring 与 approach 之间是主谓关系,故在 with 的复合结构中使用现在分词作 spring 的宾语补足语;having approached 表示完成意义,意味着“春天已经到来”,这与后面的动作 are coming out 不一 致,故排除。 12.Education, ______ with recreation, is what some film makers want to put into their films. A. combining B. combined C. to combine D. having combined 【解析】B 句意:有些电影制片人就是想把寓教于乐理念引进他们的电影。 combine…with…意为“把……和……相结合”。 combine 的逻辑宾语是 education, 所以答案 是 B。 13.The village seemed deserted, the only sign of life ______ some trees waving in the howling wind. A. were B. being

C. was D. to be 【解析】B 句意:这个村庄似乎是废弃的,唯一的生命迹象就是在咆哮的风中舞动着 的树。The village seemed deserted 为主句,the only sign of life 与 be 动词构成独立主格结构, 应选择 being。 14.She wore a ______ face when she saw what happened. A. surprising B. surprise C. surprised D. surprisingly 【解析】C 考查非谓语动词作定语。句意:看见了发生的事她露出了惊讶的神情。过 去分词作定语,surprised“感到惊讶的”,所以 C 项正确。 15.The citizens all sang high praise for the measures they saw ______ last week to protect Acropolis. A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out 【解析】C 句意:市民们高度评价了保护雅典卫城的措施;他们看到了这些措施在上 周得以实施。根据句意可知,carry out 与 the measures 之间是动宾关系,故使用表示被动意 义的过去分词作其宾补。 16.House prices are extremely high in Beijing, ______ it hard for young people to move in and build their own families. A. making B. to make C. made D. makes 【解析】A 句意:北京的房价是极其的高,这就使得年轻人很难迁到北京并建立他们 自己的家庭。题干中后半部分是房价高导致的结果,故使用现在分词作句子的结果状语。 17.I'd rather read than watch TV. The programs seem ______ all the time. A. to get worse B. to be getting worse C. getting worse D. to have got worse 【解析】B 句意:我宁可读书也不愿意看电视,电视节目似乎变得越来越差了。首先, seem to do 为固定搭配;其次,根据 all the time 可知用 to be doing 表示“正在进行”。 18.______ the housing price,several measures have been adopted in the last two years. A. Lowering B. Having lowered C. To lower D. To have lowered 【解析】C 句意:为了降低房价,在过去的两年间采取了几项措施。根据句意可以看 出来非谓语动词在句中作目的状语,故选择 C 项。


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