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Unit8 Lesson3 Marco Polo


It is said that Marco Polo was born there.

1. Have you heard about Marco Polo? Which of the following do you think is true about Marco Polo? A. He was a French traveller who li

ved in Italy for some time. B. B He was an Italian traveller who lived in China for some time.

Fast reading

Read through the text quickly, and match the paragraphs with the main idea.

Para.1
Para.2 Para.3 Para.4 Para.5 Para.6

a. Marco Polo's early life b. Marco returned to Italy c. Inventions and developments in China d. Kublai Khan welcomed Marco e. Marco was amazed at China f. People’s reaction to Marco’s stories

The second reading

Read the passage again and answer the following questions.

Questions:
1. Why did Marco and his father travel to China? 2. Why was the Emperor impressed by by Marco? 3. Why was Marco surprised to see people using paper money? 4. What were the black stones Marco saw people burning for fuel? 5. How long did Marco spend in China? 6. Why was he put into prison when he went back to Italy? 7. What was the name of his book?

Questions:
1. Why did Marco and his father travel to China?

Because they wanted to do trade

with the Chinese. (Line 2)

Questions:
2. Why was the Emperor impressed by by Marco?

Because Marco was very clever and could already speak 4 languages, although he was young. (Line7)

Questions:
3. Why was Marco surprised to see people using paper money?

Because in Europe, people paid for goods with gold or silver. (Line 18)
4. What were the black stones Marco saw people burning for fuel?

The black stones were coal. (Line 21)

Questions:
5. How long did Marco spend in China?

17 years. (Line 23)
6. Why was he put into prison when he went back to Italy?

Because a local war had broke out. During the war he was captured by the enemy. (Line 25)
7. What was the name of his book?

The Description of the World. (Line 30)

Read the passage again and match the words in the box with their definitions. wealthy (Line 24) author (Line 28)

break out(Line 24) stand by (Line 34)
1. start

break out 2. Insist that something is true 3. writer
4. rich author wealthy

stand by

Complete the sentences using the words from exercise 3:
wealthy, author, break out, stand by

1. He became _________ wealthy through hard work and careful saving. 2. He is a successful ________. author He has already written three best selling novels. 3. The president told the reporter that he wanted to __________ stand by his earlier statement.

4. In the past, without clean running water, disease would often ___________ break out in cities .

Further reading

What is the clue of the story about Marco Polo’s travels?
Before he got to China (Para. 1)

Time Clue

After he got to China (Para. 2,3,4) After he left China (Para. 5,6)

Further reading

Marco Polo and His Travels (Part One)
Name: Marco Polo
Nationality & Birth Year: was born

Basic information

in Italy ____ in _____ 1254
Why to China: to ________ do trade with

Before he got to China

the Chinese
How he arrived: travelled across

_______________ Europe and Asia

Further reading

Marco Polo and His Travels (Part Two)
was amazed by __________ how beautiful and powerful China was ________________________ was impressed by________ Beijing and the emperor’s palace, esp. … ________________________

After he got to China

What he saw Chinese was surprised to see______ and felt people using paper money ________________________

was confused by_________ the black stones people used as fuel ________________________ What he did: served in __________________ the emperor’s court

Further reading

Marco Polo and His Travels (Part Two)
__________ was amazed by ______________ how beautiful and powerful China was ________________________ was impressed _ by ________ _______________ Beijing and the emperor’s palace, esp. … ________________________

After he got to China

What he saw was surprised to see _________________________ Chinese and felt using paper money people ______ ________________________ was confused by the black ________________________ stones people used as fuel ________________________

served in__________________ the emperor’s court What he did: _________

Further reading

Marco Polo and His Travels (Part Three)
Italy returned to_____and became

After he left China

What happened

_____________________ the captain of a warship

was caught and put __________ into prison
Why he got famous: told all his stories another prisoner who to_________________ ____________ was an author...

Further reading

Marco Polo and His Travels (Part Three)
________________and______ returned to Italy became

After he left China

What happened

the captain of a warship _____________________

was caught and __________ put into prison ___________ Why he got famous: told ___________________ all his stories to
another prisoner who was _________________ an author __________ ...

Further reading Basic To information

Outline of the passage
Name: Marco Polo

tellNationality:_____ a story a traveller, Was bornof in______ in_________ Birth Year:_____ what information should be Before he Why to China: to do trade with the chinese got to included? How he arrived:
China After he got to China What he saw and felt

to _________ with the Chinese travelled across__________ was amazed by_____________ was impressed by__________ was surprised to see________ was confused by___________ served in_________________

What returned he did: to_______ and became________ After he left China
What happened to him:
Why he got famous:
was caught and put ______
told all his stories to ______

Post Reading

Game
Here is a Marco Polo press conference: One student stands on the platform and acts as Marco Polo. Other students are the reporters. You can ask the “Marco polo” as many questions as you want.

Ask Answer

Summary and Homework
1. Oral practice Retell the story about Marco Polo based on the outline given. 2. Review the vocabulary learned in this period. 3. Find as many relative clauses as possible in the passage.

定语从句(复习)
1. 定语从句引导词:
which, who, whom, that, whose, as 关系代词: 关系副词:where, when, why

2.选用关系代词还是关系副词:
看定语从句中缺不缺少主语、宾语、表语,如果缺少 就用关系代词,如果不缺少就用关系副词。

定语从句(复习)
3. Way作先行词:
当定语从句中不缺少主语、宾语、表语时,定语 从句引导词用:that, in which, 或 不填。

4. 只用that不用which的情况:
1)先行词为everything, nothing…… 2)every, all, any

3)the very, the only
4)序数词,形容词最高级

5)即有人也有物

从文章中找出含定语从句的句子
…, he traveled with his father, who wanted to do trade with the Chinese. (Para. 1) 2. He was very impressed by Beijing, especially the Summer Palace which he described as “The greatest palace that ever was” (Para. 3) 3. There were inventions and developments in China which were not available in Europe at that time. (Para. 4) 4. He was also confused by the black stones people used for fuel. (Para. 4) 5. However, Marco was lucky to meet another prisoner who enjoyed listening to his stories about China. (Para. 5) 6. . The prisoner then wrote the stories in the book called The Description of the World, which became one of … (Para. 5) 7. … Marco was asked the question, “Was it all true?”, to which he replied, “I have only told half of …” (Para. 6) 1.

Read and find
1. …, he traveled with his father, who wanted to do trade with the Chinese. (Para. 1) 2. He was very impressed by Beijing, especially the Summer Palace which he described as “The greatest palace that ever was” (Para. 3) 3. There were inventions and developments in China which were not available in Europe at that time. (Para. 4) 4. He was also confused by the black stones people used for fuel. (Para. 4)

Read and find
5. However, Marco was lucky to meet another prisoner who enjoyed listening to his stories about China. (Para. 5) 6. The prisoner then wrote the stories in the book called The Description of the World, which became one of … (Para. 5) 7. … Marco was asked the question, “Was it all true?”, to which he replied, “I have only told half of …” (Para. 6)

Grammar exercises
1. Sheila couldn’t come to the party,

________ was a pity.
A. what B. B which

C. that

D. it

2. All the passengers and suitcases ___
were still waiting on the broken-

down bus had to be transferred to
another long-distance bus.

A. they
C. C that

B. who
D. which

3. This is an unpleasant subject ___ we
might argue for a long while.

A. in which
C. about which C

B. with them
D. with it

4. Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, ____ made the others unhappy.

A. who

B. B which

C. this

D. what


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