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Oedipus Rex


Book Report of Oedipus Rex 英师本 0902 20091411008 张倩

Oedipus Rex was written by Sophocles, one of the three tragedians of ancient Greece. He was born in a family who run weapons factory, lived in the most prospered period of ancient Greece. As he growing up, he engaged in writing plays for more than 60 years, written more than 120 scripts. The most famous play was Oedipus Rex. Oedipus Rex told a story of killed father and married mother. Oedipus was the son of Laius (the king of Thebes) and Jocasta (the queen of Thebes). When they were young, they were guests at the court of Pelops. While there, King Laius fancied the young son of Pelops, Chrysippus, and took sexual advantage of the boy. Pelops, enraged by this act of violation, laid a curse upon the royal house of King Laius that any son born to him by his wife Jocasta kills him. Years passed, his son Oedipus born, in order to escape the curse, he pierced his ankle with a spear, abandoned him in the field. However, fate soon stepped in for the herdsman didn’t have the heart to let the baby die, so he sent the baby to the king of Corinth--Polybus and his wife Collins secretly. They were so kind to treat Oedipus as their own son. With time going by, Oedipus knew the oracle that he would kill his father and marry his mother. Unknowing the secret of his birth, he fled Corinth in disgust and despair as well as vowed never come back to avoid the curse. While he wandered to the place near Thebes, he had conflict with a group of strangers. Angry as he was, he killed some person, including his biological father. At that time, Thebes was trapped by the fearsome monster the Sphinx, for he would take every passing people, if he or she can't answer his question, he would eat him or her. Thebes, for the sake of get out of the trouble, announced who can answer the question of Sphinx, save city-states, can gain the throne and marry the king's widow Jocasta for his wife. Later it was Oedipus who answered the question and saved Thebes. Moreover, He also took the throne, and married her own mother for his

wife unknowingly. King Oedipus and his Queen Jocasta lived quite happily for many years together, but one day a dreadful plague feel on Thebes devastating the population. In cause of save Thebes which was on the blink of destruction, Oedipus sent Creon to the Oracle at Delphi to seek a remedy. He was told that Thebes would be cured if the people drove out the murderer of King Laiue. Knowing the God’s show, Oedipus searched for the murdered desperately. Finally in the mention of Tiresias- -a prophet of Thebes, Oedipus learned that he was the son of Laius and one of person he killed on the way to Thebes was his father—Laius. Ultimately, the truth fulfilled the oracle that he killed his father and married his mother's. The secret of Oedipus’ birth ashamed Jocasta so much that she suicide herself. In the same way, Oedipus was also in the grief and indignation, he stabbed his own eyes. From this book, I can see a real hero who is upright and kindhearted; who is selfless and has a high responsibility; who cares his citizens so much. To be honest, I always bet that one’s destiny is in his or her own hands, people can win the God if he or she really wants. People who believe destiny is just want to find excuses for his or her failure as well as comfort himself or herself. Nevertheless, my belief becomes unclear after reading Oedipus Rex. He was strongly in the resistance of the curse-killing his father and marring his mother while he got into the destiny step by step. In the book, Oedipus has no choice when confronted with the destiny; out of the book, how should we face the destiny? The life of Oedipus is rather a simple tragedy than a beautiful and full revelation of life. Confronted with the destiny, we choose against the fate or just doing nothing before it? This really need we think about carefully. From my point of view, we want to know ourselves; we should know ourselves; we must know ourselves; we can know ourselves. After that, we can cherish everyday, experience and even appreciate life. No matter life is painful or happy, our life is complete.


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