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2013版英语全程复习方略课件(江苏):必修2 Unit 3 Amazing people(译林牛津版)


Unit 3 Amazing people 有所作为的人

话题之六——交通旅游 三年1考 [2011天津]假设你是晨光中学学生会主席李华。你校将于 6月26日接待来自美国某中学的学生访问团。你受学校委托, 负责安排其在津的一日活动。请根据以下提示,用英语给该团 的领队Smith 先生写一封电子邮件,介绍活动计划并简要说明 理由,最后征求对方意见。1. 上午

与我校学生座谈(话题如校 园生活、文化差异等);2. 中午与我校学生共同进餐(午餐包括 饺子、面条等);3. 下午与我校学生游览海河。

注意:词数不少于100。参考词汇:海河 the Haihe River Dear Mr. Smith, I am Li Hua, chairman of the Student Union, from

Chenguang High School. I am glad to hear that you and your

School Delegation will visit our school and our city. I?ll be
responsible for your one-day tour in Tianjin on behalf of our school. The following are our arrangements for you.

There will be a meeting to talk about our rich and colourful campus life, including sports and art in the morning. After that, we will discuss the cultural differences between our two countries. I am sure we?ll learn a lot from each other. At noon, you?ll share lunch with the students in our school. You can

enjoy the delicious Chinese dumplings and noodles.

In the

afternoon, we?ll go sightseeing the Haihe River. I believe you will have a good time and be attracted by the beautiful scenery.

I wonder if you are satisfied with the schedule.

If not,

please e-mail me. We will make changes. Look forward to your
early arrival. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

1.本文话题为国外学生访问团接待安排,题目提示信息齐全。 全文共分三段,内容符合试题要求,语言地道、得体。 ①第一段说明写电子邮件的目的。

②第二段介绍活动计划:上午与我校学生座谈,中午与我校学
生共进午餐, 下午与我校学生游览海河。

③第三段征求意见。

2. 全文行文流畅,尤其是按照时间安排使用恰当词汇。 ①高级词汇 和短语: responsible, on behalf of, colourful,

share. . . with. . . , go sightseeing
②高级句型:I wonder if. . . , if not. . . ③语篇过渡语:After that, at noon, in the afternoon ④语言得体:I wonder if. . . , if not, please e-mail me.

【佳作习得】使用省略形式改写句子
If it is possible, I will go there with you. If possible, I will go there with you.

Ⅰ. 单词盘点
根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇

preserve 1. _________(vt. ) entrance 2. _________(n. )
content 3. _______(n. ) swallow 4. ________(vt. &vi. )

保存,保护,保持 入口 内容 吞下,吞咽

scientific 5. _________(adj. ) 6. _______(vt. ) disturb signal 7. ______(n. &vi. &vt. ) requirement 8. ______________(n. )

科学的
打扰,扰乱 信号;发信号;表明 要求,规定 国籍 伴侣;陪伴 使灰心,使泄气

nationality 9. ___________(n. )
companion 10. __________(n. )

discourage 11. ___________(vt. )

devotion 12. _________(n. ) desire 13. _______(n. &vt. ) superior 14. ________(n. &adj. ) quality 15. _________(n. )

奉献;忠诚;专心 愿望,欲望,渴望,期望 上级,上司;更好的,更高的 品质;质量

curiosity curious 16. ________(adj. ) 好奇的,求知欲强的→ _________(n. ) 好奇 curiously → ___________(adv. )好奇地 fortunately fortune 17. __________(n. )大笔的钱,财富;运气→ __________(adv. )

fortunate 幸运地→ ___________(adj. )幸运的

coincident coincidence 18. ___________(n. )巧合,碰巧→____________(adj. )巧合的
connected connect 19. connection )联系→ _________(v. )联系→ _________(adj. )保 _________(n. 持联系的 inspire 20. _______(vt. )启迪,赋予灵感;激励,鼓舞→ inspired _______(adj. )受 inspiring inspiration 到启发的→_________(adj. )令人振奋的→ __________(n. )灵感 application apply 21. _______(vi. )申请 (vt. )应用,使用→___________ (n. )申请;申 请书 optimistic optimism 22. __________(adj. )乐观的,抱乐观看法的→ __________(n. )乐 optimistically 观→_______________ (adv. )乐观地

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 curiously curiosity ①His invention raised Tom?s __________. He _________ opened the machine. (curious) Optimism ②___________ contributes much to one?s success. Only when optimistically he does everything ______________ can he achieve the goal. (optimistic) Fortunately ③____________, I won the award. It was without doubt a

fortune small _______ to me. (fortunate)

inspiring inspired ④Listening to his __________speech, we were __________ to inspiration make great efforts. It gave us not only hope but also __________. (inspire) connection ⑤I still stay in ____________ with my friend Tom. It is by the

connected true friendship that we are __________ to each other. (connect)

Ⅱ. 短语回放

1. 启航
2. 对??好奇

set sail _______________ be curious about _______________ come across _______________ look into _______________ go out _______________ shortly after _______________

3. (偶然)遇见;发现
4. 调查

5. 熄灭
6. 不久之后

7. 与??有关系 8. 与??有联系

have something to do with ________________________ in connection with ________________________

9. 导致, 结果是??
10. 取得成功

result in ________________________
pay off ________________________ a great deal of ________________________ come into use ________________________ apply to do ________________________

11. 大量的
12. 使用

13. 申请做

14. 掌管,控制(某物)
15. 被载入史册 16. 敬佩

be in control (of something) _________________________

go down in history _________________________
look up to _________________________

Ⅲ. 句式扫描 By the 1920s 1. ____________(到20世纪20年代), he had become an explorer, searching for the tombs of the Egyptian kings. Upon their entering 2. __________________(他们一进去) the tomb, Carter?s lucky

pet bird, which he had left in Cairo, was swallowed by a snake.
only to catch a high fever the next 3. He too visited the tomb, ______________________________ day _____(结果第二天就发了高烧).

What is certain, though, is that 4. ______________________________(但是,可以肯定的是) ?the curse of the mummy? remains a riddle to this day. 5. Although Yang did not get the best scores on every single test, it was ________ his high scores on the psychological tests ______(正是) that finally won him the status of China?s first astronaut.

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子 ①by +时间名词“到??为止” 仿写:你回来时,我们将已经把工作做完了。 By the time you come back, we will have finished the work. ②upon/on+动名词(的复合结构)/名词 “一??就??” 仿写:一听到这个消息他就高兴得跳了起来。 He jumped with joy upon/on hearing the news.

③only to do作结果状语,表意外 仿写:他兴冲冲地回到家里,却发现一个人也没有。 He came home excitedly, only to find nobody was in. ④What is certain is that. . . 可以肯定的是?? 仿写:可以肯定的是,张家港是中国最干净的城市之一。 What is certain is that Zhangjiagang is one of the cleanest cities in China.

⑤It?s . . . that. . . 强调句型 仿写:正是他的帮助,我才能渡过难关。 It was with his help that I could get through the difficulty.

核 心 要 点

fortune
apply come across by+时间名词

三年1考
三年3考 三年1考 三年5考

1. curious adj. 好奇的, 求知欲强的
be curious about sth. 对??感到好奇

be curious to do sth. 很想做某事;渴望做某事
It is curious that. . . ??真奇怪

①I?m curious to know what she said. 我真想知道她说了什么。 ②She?s always so curious about my work. 她总爱打听我的工作。 It?s ______ that ③___ curious ____ no one (should) notice his presence. 真奇怪,竟然没人注意到他的存在。

2. fortune n. 大笔的钱,财富;运气

make a fortune
accumulate a fortune have the good/bad fortune to do. . .

发财
积聚财富 有幸/不幸做??

①They accumulated their early fortunes on the sufferings of the black people. 他们早期积聚的财富是建立在黑人的苦难之上的。

②He had the good fortune to train with some of the world?s top
athletes.

他有幸和一些世界顶级运动员一起训练。
made a fortune ③He _____ _ _______in the coal and iron business before he

went into politics. 他从政以前在煤铁业中发了大财。

3. preserve vt. 保存,保护,保持 (1)preserve. . . from. . . be (well/strictly) preserved 保护??使之免于?? 被(很好/严格地)保存

(2)类似结构: protect. . . from/ against. . .

保护??以避免??的伤害
prevent. . . (from) doing sth.

stop. . . (from) doing sth.
keep. . . from doing sth.

阻止??做某事

①What can we do to preserve the company from ruin?

我们怎么做才能保护这家公司不破产?
②In the summer, large crops of fruit may be preserved by

freezing or bottling.
夏天收获的大量水果可冷藏或装瓶加以保存.

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 preserve save

侧重将物品完好无损地保存下来。
指尽量少用,以争取数量上有所增加。 指将物品存放,以备将来使用。 这些动词均有“保存,储藏”之意。

store

saved ③He _______ his strength for the end of the race. preserve ④The ancient Egyptians knew ways to ________ dead bodies. store ⑤After harvest we _______ the grain.

4. disturb vt. 打扰,扰乱 ①I?m sorry to disturb you, but can I talk to you for a moment? 对不起,打扰一下,我能跟你谈一会儿吗? ②The news that you had been injured in the accident disturbed her. 你在事故中受伤的消息使她感到不安。

③The news about the children is really disturbing,
makes the waiting parents feel more disturbed.

which

关于孩子们的消息确实令人不安,这使得等候的父母们感到更 加不安了。

【归纳】disturbed adj. disturbing adj.

不安的;精神紊乱的 ____________________ 令人不安的 ____________________

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

指人的心情、睡眠、安静被干扰,妨碍,还可
disturb 表示“使??不安”。

interrupt

多指由于某种外界因素, 如“插嘴”而中断、打断
别人的讲话或活动。

interrupted disturb ④She ____________ their talking, telling them not to ________

the baby?s sleeping.
【熟词生义】根据语境选择最佳汉语意思

Don?t disturb the papers on my desk.
A. 打扰 B. 弄乱

答案:B

5. signal n. 信号 vi. &vt. 发信号;表明 signal (to) sb. to do sth. signal that. . . be a signal that. . . 示意某人做某事 示意?? 是一个??的信号

①She signaled that it was time for us to leave.
她示意我们该走了。 ②The fireworks were a signal that the festival had started. 烟火 是节日已经开始的信号。 signaled ③He ________ the waiter ___ bring the menu. to 他做手势要侍者拿菜单来。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 symbol signal 指象征或表达某种深邃意蕴的特殊事物。 指为某一目的而有意发出的信号。

signal ④We live too far from the city to get a strong television _______. symbol ⑤A heart shape is the _________ of love.

【真题链接】

[2009湖北, 26]In our class,

when the bell rang and the

teacher closed his book, it was a ______ for everyone to stand

up.
A. signal B. chance C. mark D. measure

【解析】选A。考查名词词义辨析。根据句意可知铃声响及老 师合上书本,这是下课的暗示,选项中只能选择signal(信号)。 chance“ 机 会 ” ; mark“ 分 数 , 痕 迹 ” ; measure“ 方 法 , 措

施”。

6. inspire vt. 启迪,赋予灵感;激励,鼓舞

inspire sb. to sth.
inspire sb. to do sth.

鼓励某人
激励某人做某事

inspire sth. in sb. (=inspire sb. with sth. )
使某人产生??感觉/情感

①Our first sight of the dingy little hotel did not inspire us with much satisfaction/inspire much satisfaction in us. 我们一见到那旅店昏暗肮脏, 心里就很不痛快。 ②His noble behavior inspires us to great effort. 他的高尚行为激励我们努力。

inspired to ③Yuan Longping ________ many scientists ___ contribute to
our country.

袁隆平激发了许多科学家为我们的国家做贡献。

7. desire n. 愿望,欲望,渴望

vt. 渴望,期望
(1)a/one?s desire for/to do sth. ??的愿望/欲望

a/one?s desire that-clause一个/某人的渴望是??(从句用虚拟语
气,即: should do sth. ,should可以省略)

(2)desire to do sth. desire sb. to do sth.

渴望做某事 渴望某人做某事

desire that-clause渴望??(从句用虚拟语气,即should do sth. , should可以省略)

①Everything she does is motivated only by a desire for money.
她所做的一切都是为了钱。 ②They expressed their desire that the papers be made public. 他们表示很希望这些文件能公之于世。 ③She desired him to burn these letters after she left. (句型转换) he should burn =She desired that __ ______ _____these letters after she left. 她要求他等她走了以后把这些信件烧掉。

8. apply vi. 申请 vt. 使用,应用 (1)apply to do sth. apply (to sb. /sth. ) for. . . apply. . . to. . . 申请做某事 (向??)申请?? 把??应用于??

apply oneself (to sth. / to doing sth. ) 勤奋(工作);努力(学习) (2)application n. 应用,运用;申请,申请表;涂抹,外敷

①Please apply in writing to the address below. 请书面向下面的地址提出申请。 ②We must apply our minds to finding a solution. 我们要动动脑筋找出解决办法来。

being applied to ③New technology is ______ _______ ___almost every industrial
process. 新技术正被用到几乎每一项工业流程中。

applied to ④Last week we _______ __ join the Bridge Club. 上周我们申请加入桥牌俱乐部。

9. superior n. 上级,上司

adj. 更好的,更高的
be superior to. . . 优于/高于??

was superior to The army ____ ________ in number ___ its enemies. 该部队在数量上超过了它的敌人。

【点津】 进行比较时,用to而不用than的常见短语:

be junior to sb.
be superior to. . .

比某人小/地位低
优于/高于??

be inferior to. . .
be senior to sb.

比??差
比某人年长/资历深

10. come across(偶然)遇见;发现;被理解

①I came across this old photograph when looking for a book
yesterday.

我昨天找书的时候,偶然发现了这张早年的照片。
②The speaker spoke for a long time but I am afraid his

meaning did not come across.
那位演讲人讲了很久,但是他的意思恐怕没有人会理解。

【拓展】补全以下短语 about come ______ 发生

come ____ on up with come _______ come ___ to
come _____ out

加油;得了吧
想出;提出

恢复常态;达到(某种状况)
出版;(消息、真相等)传出;开花

【真题链接】 [2011安徽,34] If you _________ faults but you still want the

bicycle, ask the shop assistant to reduce the price.
A. come across C. look for B. care about D. focus upon

【解析】选A。考查动词短语辨析。句意:如果你发现自行车 有瑕疵但还想买,可以要求店员降价。A项为“(偶然)遇见, 发现”;B项为“在意,介意”;C项为“寻找”;D项为“集 中于”。根据句意选择A项。

11. result in导致,结果是??

result from
as a result

由??造成;因??而产生
结果

as a result of
with the result that

作为??的结果
为此;因此

①A drunk driving several days ago resulted in 5 deaths and 4 injuries. 几天前的一次酒后驾车导致了5死4伤。 ②The farm was flooded, with the result that most of the harvest was lost.

农场被淹,因此收成损失了多半。
results ____ ③Sickness often ______ from eating too much.

疾病往往因吃得太多而引起。

【点津】(1)result in的主语是“起因”,宾语是“结果”;
result from的主语是“结果”,宾语是“起因”。 (2)表示“导致”的词(短语)还有:cause, lead to, contribute to 等。

【助记】

12. pay off 有回报;取得成功;还清;付清薪水解雇(某人) ①Writing books is awfully tiring, but it pays off in the long term. 写书是非常令人疲倦的,但是从长远来看是有回报的。 ②Buying an apartment is difficult for many people in big cities and it will take lifetime to pay off the loan from the bank. 买房子对大多数在大城市里的人来说是困难的,他们要花一辈

子的时间去还清银行的贷款。

【拓展】补全以下短语 back pay _____ for pay ____ a visit to pay _________

偿还
付钱(购买);为??付出代价

参观
注意

attention to pay ____________

13. a great deal of许多
①While working in the country, the students picked up a great deal of knowledge on crops. 当学生们在农村工作的时候,他们学到了大量的关于农作物的 知识。 A great deal of money ②__ _____ ____ __ _______ was spent in saving the lives of the trapped miners.

大量资金被投入到挽救被困矿工的生命中。

【点津】(1)a great/good deal of表示“大量的,非常多的”,
只能修饰不可数名词,在句中作定语。 (2) a great/good deal可用作副词短语,意为“大量地,非常 地”,修饰动词或比较级,在句中作状语。 (3)a great deal还可用作名词短语,表示“大量,许多”,在句

中作主语或宾语。

③He talks a great deal but does little.
他说得多做得少。 ④I ran a great deal faster than you. 我跑得比你快得多。

【想一想】英语中还有许多表示“许多,大量”的用法,请思

考它们之间的区别。

【拓展延伸】英语中表示“许多,大量”的词组的区别 修饰可数 名词 修饰不可 数名词 a good /great many, a large number of, quite a

few+可数名词复数,但many a/an +可数名词单数,
意为“许多”,谓语动词用单数

a great deal of, a large amount of
a lot of =lots of, plenty of, a large quantity of/large quantities of, of/masses of a supply of/supplies of, a mass

两者都可
修饰

14. By the 1920s, he had become an explorer, searching for the

tombs of the Egyptian kings.
到20世纪20年代,他已经成了一名探险家,致力于寻找古埃及

国王的陵墓。
by the 1920s意为“到20世纪20年代”,属于“by+时间名词”, 在句中作时间状语。

“by+时间名词”作状语,句子时态如下: (1)“by+表示过去的时间”作状语时,句子谓语一般用过去完成

时的形式。
(2)“by+表示将来的时间”作状语时,句子谓语一般用将来完成 时的形式。

①By the end of last term, we had learned 30 poems.

到上学期末为止,我们已学习了三十首诗歌。
②By this month, Jack will have graduated from college.

到这个月为止,杰克将要大学毕业了。

【真题链接】
[2011江苏,23]—Tommy is planning to buy a car.

—I know. By next month, he _______ enough for a used one.
A. saves B. saved

C. will save

D. will have saved

【解析】选D。考查动词的时态。句意:——Tommy将计划买 车。——我知道,到下个月为止,他积攒的钱足够买一辆二手 车了。by next month是将来完成时的标志,全句表示在next

month之前完成“积攒足够的钱”的动作,对将来的时间next
month产生影响,能买一辆二手车。

15. Although Yang did not get the best scores on every single test,

it was his high scores on the psychological tests that finally won
him the status of China?s first astronaut. 尽管杨利伟实际上没有在每个单项测试上得到最好的分数,但 是他在心理测试上所得到的高分使他最终赢得了中国首名宇航 员的席位。

句中it was. . . that. . . 是强调句型。

(1)强调句型的三个基本形式:

① 陈述句:It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+其余部分
② 一般疑问句:Is/Was it +被强调部分+ that/who+其余部分

③ 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+is/was it +that/who +其余部分

(2)在强调“not. . . until”结构中由until所引导的状语或状语从 句时,要用“It is/was not until+被强调部分+that+陈述语序的 主句部分”,且that之后的主句谓语动词要用肯定形式。

①Was it Mary that you met in the street yesterday? 昨天你在街上遇见的是玛丽吗? It is they who ②__ __ ____ ____ often help me with my English. 是他们经常帮助我学习英语。 ③直到他告诉我我才知道这件事。(判断正误) It was until he told me that I didn?t know it. ( × ) It was not until he told me that I knew it. ( √ )

【点津】(1)强调结构用来强调主语、宾语和状语等成分,不能
用来强调谓语。 (2)that只起连接作用,不作成分,但不能省略。当强调部分为 人时,才可以用who。that/who后的谓语动词应与被强调的主 语在人称和数上保持一致。

(3)强调结构的判断:如果把it is/ was和that/who去掉,句子成
分完整,则是强调句。

(1)within等介词的辨析 (2)on/upon+doing/n. 一??就??

(3)作结果状语时动词不定式与动词-ing的辨析

1. _______ the airport, he was arrested(逮捕) by the police.

A. As soon as arriving
C. On arriving

B. Upon he arrived
D. Upon arriving at

【解析】选D。句意:一到达机场,他就被警察逮捕了。upon
doing表示“一??就??”。C项错在没有加at。

2. [2009山东, 33]It saves time in the kitchen to have things

you use a lot _______ easy reach.
A. near B. upon C. within D. around

【解析】选C。本题考查固定用法:within easy reach在容易够
到的地方; 在附近。

3. 用所给词的正确形式填空 to find ①I hurried to Professor Wang?s house only _________(find) he was out. leaving ②Her husband died in 1924,________ (leave) her with five children.

聚焦行文逻辑,整体把握语篇
高考完形填空最常考的五种逻辑关系是并列、转折让步、 因果、时间和选择,它们被称为逻辑“五大天王”。每年必考。 一篇好的文章必然逻辑严谨,所以命题人必然会对文章的行文 逻辑进行考查。

1. 并列关系的常用词:and, while
2. 转 折 让 步 关 系 的 常 用 词 : but, however, yet, though,

although, while

3. 因果关系的常用词:so, therefore, thus, because, for, since, as, due to, owing to, thanks to, as a result of 4. 时 间 关 系 的 常 用 词 : when, while, as, before, after,

meanwhile, finally, eventually, then, later 5. 选择关系的常用词:or

【真题连连看①】 [2009江苏]As a result, all students must hours of service learning, diploma. 37 36 sixty

they will not receive a

36. A. spend
37. A. and

B. gain
B. or

C. complete
C. but

D. save
D. for

【步步精析】 36. 选C。文章第一句说在我们社区高中毕业的要求刚刚发生了

变化。此处用as a result(因此)来承上启下,表示的是因果关系。
作为新的要求,所有学生必须完成60小时的服务性学习,故C 项正确。

37. 选 B 。 考 查 选 择 关 系 。 此 题 若 要 正 确 作 答 , 须 先 知 道

diploma表示“毕业证书,毕业文凭”。这从一个侧面说明考
生高考前要熟悉《考试说明》上要求掌握的词汇。再根据前一 句的must,可知毕业新规的严肃性和重要性,所以此处选or表

示警告,学生必须完成60小时的服务性学习,否则(要不然)就
拿不到毕业文凭。

【真题连连看②】 [2009重庆]Besides, his sore throat kept 45 him,

and he developed a cough to force me and my family out. . . 45. A. reminding C. comforting B. upsetting D. influencing

【步步精析】
45. 选B。此空后的and表明是并列关系,and后是说“他想用 咳嗽强行把我和我的家族成员逼出来”,那么and前的内容就 应该说明他咽喉痛使他不舒服了(upset),他才会想把我咳出来。 如果他感觉舒服,就不需要这样做了,C项明显不符合前后并

列关系,A项“提醒”更不合语境。D项“影响”分好坏影响,
表述不清。

时态和语态 时态和语态是高考必考考点,主要集中在各种时态的习惯 用法及对时态与主谓一致的综合考查。复习时态和语态时应注

意以下几点:1. 进行时态与一般时态的区别;2. 现在完成时与
现在完成进行时的区别;3. 某些句式、从句以及虚拟语气中的 时态。

1. [2011全国卷Ⅰ, 23] Planning so far ahead ______ no

sense—so many things will have changed by next year.
A.made B. is making C.makes D. has made

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:这么早就做计划是没有
意义的——到了明年许多事情会发生变化的。前半句说明的是 现在的事实,故用一般现在时。句中so far修饰的是副词ahead 意为:“如此之早”。

2. [2011辽宁,28]I?ll go to the library as soon as I finish what I ________. A. was doing B. am doing

C. have done

D. had been doing

【解析】选B。考查动词时态。句意:我一完成现在正在做的

事情就去图书馆。根据句意,现在需要完成的是“现在正在做”
的工作,要用现在进行时。而was doing过去某个时间段一直在 做??;have done已经做了??;had been doing过去的过去 一直在做??, 均不合句意, 故选B。

3. [2011北京,27]—That must have been a long trip. —Yeah, it _______ us a whole week to get there.

A. takes

B. has taken

C. took

D. was taking

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:——那必定是一次长途

旅 行 。 ——是 的 , 到 那 里 花 了 我 们 一 整 周 时 间 。 根 据 语 境
“must have been”是对过去有把握的推测,可知讨论的是过去 发生的事,故用一般过去时,选C。

4. [2011浙江,15]The manager was worried about the press

conference his assistant ________ in his place but,
everything was going on smoothly. A. gave B. gives C. was giving D. had given

luckily,

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:经理对助手代替他举行 的新闻发布会很担心,但是,幸运的是,一切都很顺利。由第 二个分句everything was going on smoothly可知,空格处描述 的是当时的情景,所以要用过去进行时态。所以选C。

5. [2011陕西,12]His first novel _________ good reviews since it came out last month. A. receives C. will receive B. is receiving D. has received

【解析】选D。考查动词时态。句意:他的第一部小说自上个 月出版以来就受到了好评。since引导的时间状语从句用一般过

去时,主句用现在完成时。

6. [2011北京,23]Tom _________ in the library every night

over the last three months.
A. works C. has been working B. worked D. had been working

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:在过去的三个月里的每 个晚上汤姆都在图书馆里工作。根据over the last three months 可知该空用现在完成进行时,over(in)the last (past)+时间段可 与现在完成(进行)时连用。

7. [2011江西,30]We arrived at work in the morning and
found that somebody ________ into the office during the night. A.broke C.has broken B.had broken D.was breaking

【解析】选B。考查动词时态。句意:我们在早晨到达工作地 点时发现有人在晚上闯进了办公室。此处“闯入办公室”显然 发生在“发现”之前,故在时间上是“过去的过去”,用过去

完成时。

8. [2011全国卷Ⅰ,29]When Alice came to,she did not know how long she _________ there. A.had been lying C.was lying B.has been lying D.has lain

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:当Alice苏醒过来时,她不知 道她已经在那儿躺了多长时间了。根据句意以及时间状语从句 中谓语的时态,可知此处要用过去完成进行时。

9. [ 2011 上 海 , 34 ] Did you predict that many students ________ up for the dance competition?

A. would sign
C. have signed

B. signed
D. had signed

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:你预计会有很多学生将要报
名参加舞蹈比赛吗?由Did you predict可知that从句中的谓语

动词要用与过去有关的时态,又由动词predict“预计”可知从
句的谓语动词要用过去将来时。

10. [2011天津,4]On her next birthday,Ann _________
married for twenty years. A. is C. will be B. has been D. will have been

【解析】选D。考查动词时态。句意:到她的下一个生日, Ann就已结婚20年了。on her next birthday是将来时的标志, for twenty years是表示时间段的时间状语,常与完成时连用,

两者结合在一起可确定此空格处应用将来完成时。

11. [2011北京,21]Experiments of this kind _________ in both the U. S. and Europe well before the Second World War. A. have conducted C. had conducted B. have been conducted D. had been conducted

【解析】选D。考查时态和语态。句意:早在二战前美国和欧 洲都进行过该类实验。conduct在the Second World War之前, 是 “ 过 去 的 过 去 ” , 用 过 去 完 成 时 , 又 因 experiments 与 conduct之间为动宾关系,用被动结构,故句子谓语用过去完 成时的被动语态。

12. [2011安徽,26]—What do you think of store shopping in

the future?
—Personally, I think it will exist along with home shopping but

________.
A. will never replace C. will never be replaced B. would never replace D. would never be replaced

【解析】选C。考查时态和语态。句意:——你认为未来的商 场购物会如何?——依我看,商场购物会和家庭购物并存,但

是永远不会被代替。根据but前用将来时,but后应该用一般将
来时;句中主语it指store shopping,由句意可知store shopping 和replace之间是动宾关系,应用被动语态,故选择C项。

13. [2011天津,3]In the last few years thousands of films
_______ all over the world. A. have produced C. are producing B. have been produced D. are being produced

【解析】选B。考查动词时态和语态。句意:在过去几年里, 全世界成千上万部电影已被制作出来。由题干中的In the last few years可知应用现在完成时,再根据films与produce之间的

关系可确定用被动语态,所以须用现在完成时的被动语态。

14. [2011上海,31]After getting lost in a storm, a member of

the navy team ________ four days later.
A. rescued C. has rescued B. was rescued D. had been rescued

【解析】选B。考查时态和语态。句意:在暴风雨中失踪了四 天后,一名海军成员被救起。由句中的时间状语four days later 可知句子要用一般过去时,又因为a member of the navy team 与rescue之间是被动关系,要用一般过去时的被动语态。

15. [2011四川, 9]All visitors to this village _______ with
kindness. A. treat C. are treating B. are treated D. had been treated

【解析】选B。考查被动语态。句意: 所有到这个村庄的游客都 受到了友好的招待。visitors与treat之间是被动关系,用被动语 态,结合语境句子表示的是现在存在的情况, 可确定用一般现

在时的被动语态。

16. [2010浙江,5]If you plant watermelon seeds in the

spring, you __________ fresh watermelon in the fall.
A. eat C. have eaten B. would eat D. will be eating

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:如果在春天种下西瓜种子, 秋天你就会吃到新鲜的西瓜了。in the fall为表示将来的时间状 语,根据句意可知用将来进行时,表示将来某时间正在进行或 某一阶段内一直在进行的动作。

17. [2010上海,31]The church tower which _______ will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished.

A. has restored
C. is restoring

B. has been restored
D. is being restored

【解析】选D。考查时态和语态。前句句意:教堂的钟塔正在
修 复 , 不 久 就 会 对 游 客 开 放 。 根 据 语 境 主 语 tower 和 动 词 restore之间是被动关系,而且修复工作正在进行中,故选D。

18. [2009上海,36]During the period of recent terrorist

activities, people ________ not to touch any unattended bag.
A. had always been warned

B. were always being warned
C. are always warning

D. always warned

【解析】选B。考查时态和语态。句意:在最近恐怖活动频发
时期,人们总是被警告不要碰任何无人照看的包。people与 warn之间为被动关系,需用被动语态,故排除C、D两项;题

干中没有表示“过去的过去”的词语,故不能用过去完成时;
进行时可以用来表达某种抱怨、不满或赞许的情绪。故选B。

表1 时态 一 般 现

主要时态使用注意事项 典句例示

注意事项

用在时间、条件或让步状 ①The train leaves at 5: 00 am. 语从句中,以及谈论按计 ②If it is fine tomorrow, we 划或时间表安排的活动 shall visit the Great Wall. 时,表示将来。

表示客观真理,科学事实。Light travels faster than sound.
在 时

表示眼下或目前等现在时 间所发生的动作或存在的 Here comes the bus. 状态。

时态 现

注意事项
表示说话人现在对主语的 行为的赞叹或厌恶等(常 与always, constantly, continually等副词连用)。 表示最近计划或安排要 进行的动作,常限于go, come, leave, start, arrive, return, work, sleep, stay, have, wear等动词。

典句例示 ①She is always finding fault with others. (不满) ②He is always thinking of others. (赞许) ①My uncle is coming back from abroad. ②A foreign guest is giving a lecture in English this afternoon. ③He is staying with us for a few weeks next year.







时态 一 般

注意事项 表示过去一段时间内反复 发生的动作,常与every day, often, sometimes等 时间状语连用。

典句例示 During his middle school years, he played football every day. ①He promised that he would buy some copies for us when he went there. ②He said he would let us know if he got any news.




在时间、条件、方式、
让步状语从句中用一般 过去时表示过去将来的



动作。

时态

注意事项 表示说话人过去对主语的 行为的赞叹、厌恶等(常与 always,constantly, continually等副词连用)。 表示过去将来发生的动 作,一般限于一些表示 移动、方向的动词。

典句例示 He was continually asking her questions.


去 进 行 时

He said that he was coming to see you the next month.

时态 一
般 将 来 时

注意事项 will+动词原形

典句例示

①He will be twenty years old next year. 1. (按自然规律)必然会?? ②—You’ve left the light on. 2. 表示事先未考虑的意图 —Oh, so I have. I’ll go and turn it off. be going to do. . . 1. (事先考虑)打算,决定 做?? 2. 某种客观迹象预示即将 会?? ①I am going to write to Henry this evening. ②Look at the clouds. It looks as if it’s going to rain.

时态 一 般 将 来 时

注意事项

典句例示

be to do. . . 1. (按计划、安排)打算;将 要做 2. (按命令、指示、约定、 要求、职责、义务等)必 须、必要、应该做, 相当于should,ought to, must, have to 3. 表示后来命中注定会发 生??

①I am to meet Mr. Brown at eleven o’clock this

morning.
②We are to take good care of all these children.

③His plan is to be a failure.

时态 一 般 将 来

注意事项

典句例示

be about to do即将,正 要做(不与时间状语连用, 意同be on the point of The meeting is about to begin.

doing) 时

时态 过 去 将 来

注意事项

典句例示 ①She said that she would wait for us at the station. ②They wanted to know when you would finish the article.

常用在宾语从句或间接引
语中,表示从过去的某个 时刻看将来要发生的行为 或存在的状态。



时态

注意事项
瞬间动词的肯定式不能与

典句例示 ①He has joined the army for two years. (×) ②I haven’t seen Mary for two years. (√)


在 完 成 时

表示一段时间的状语连 用,但其否定形式可以。

在时间或条件状语从句中, 用现在完成时表示将要做 He will come as soon as he

某个动作之前必须先完成
的动作。

has finished the homework.

时态 过

注意事项 表示过去本打算实现而未

典句例示

①I had meant to come, but
it rained. ②We had hoped to catch


完 成 时

实现的希望或计划。常用
此结构的动词有hope, want, expect, think, mean, suppose, plan, intend等。

the 9: 30 train, but we
failed to.

时态
将 来 进 行 时

注意事项

典句例示

表示将来某个时刻正在 进行的或持续的动作。

①What will you be doing this time tomorrow? ②I shall be taking my

holidays soon.

时态 将 来 完

注意事项 表示在将来某一时间之 前完成的动作,并往往 对将来某一时间产生影

典句例示

Before long, he will have forgotten all about the matter.




响。

表2 易混时态用法比较 时态
注意事项

典句例示

1. 过去进行时可以表示过
过去 去反复发生的动作,而一 进行 般过去时则表示只做一次 时与 一般 ①She was waving her

的动作。
2. 过去进行时同forever, constantly, always等连

hand. 她不断地挥手。
②She waved her hand. 她挥了挥手。

过去 用,略带感情色彩,而 时 一般过去时则表示客观 陈述。

时态 一般

注意事项 1. 一般过去时所表示的过 去时间是具体确定的,与 其他时间没有牵连。 2. 现在完成时所表示的事 情发生在不能具体指出的, 相对现在而言以前的某个 或某段时间, 它所表示的事 情与现在情况有关系,是 过去事情对现在造成的影 响或产生的结果。

典句例示

①He served in the army
from 2007 to 2010. (这是 过去的事情) ②He has served in the army for five years. (现在他仍在军中服役, 他是个军人)

过去
时与 现在 完成 时

时态

注意事项
1. 现在完成时强调过去某

典句例示 ①I have thought it over. 我已经考虑过这件事了。 ②I have been thinking it over. 我一直在考虑这件事。 ③Have you been meeting him recently? 你最近经常和他见面吗? ④Have you met him recently? 你最近见到他了吗?

现在 完成

一动作对现在产生的结果 或影响;现在完成进行时 强调的是在一段时期内某 项活动的持续性,强调的 是动作本身。 2. 现在完成进行时可以表

时与
现在 完成 进行 时

示动作的重复,现在完成
时一般不表示重复性。

1. 在句型It is/has been +


别 提 醒

一段时间+since从句中,

①It is/has been three years

since从句中谓语动词使
用一般过去时。但要注 意如果since从句的谓语 动词为延续性动词时, 则表示从该动作结束时 算起。

since he joined the Party.
他入党已有三年了。 ②It is/has been three years

since he lived here.
他不在这儿住已有三年了。



2. 在句型This/It/That is the first(second, etc. )time +that 从句中,that从句使

This is the second time that I have visited Beijing this year. 这是我今年第二次参观北 京。




用现在完成时。



①By the time you wake up 特 别 提 醒 3. by the time从句用 一般现在时时,主句

tomorrow, you will have
found a nice present. 到你明天醒来时,你就会发

用将来完成时,by
the time从句用一般 过去时时,主句用过 去完成时。

现一件很好的礼物。
②By the time he arrived at the station, the train had left. 他到达车站时,火车早已离开了。

4. hardly. . . when. . . ; no 特 别 sooner. . . than. . . 句式中 hardly,no sooner所在句子 用过去完成时,when和than Hardly had we started when the car got a flat tyre.




从句中用一般过去时,表示
“一??就??”。而且如果 hardly/no sooner置于句首时,

我们才刚刚开动,汽
车的轮胎就漏气了。

主句需用部分倒装。

5. 有些情况发生的时间没清 特 楚表明,但实际上是刚才/ 刚刚发生的,属于过去时间, 应使用过去时态,常见的有 提 I didn?t know. . . 或I forgot. . . 等。 I didn?t know you were so busy. 我刚才不知道你这 么忙。





表3 被动语态的特殊用法 种类 连系 动词 (其主 语主 要指 物) 用主动形式表被动含义。例 主要用法 典句例示 ①The cloth feels soft. 这种布摸着很柔软。 ②The music sounds inspiring.

如:feel, smell, taste, sound,
prove, remain, stay, appear 等。

这音乐听着很振奋人心。

种类 不及 物动

主要用法 表示主语内在的品质或性能 的不及物动词,常用主动形 式表达被动含义。例如:sell,

典句例示 ①This kind of book sells well. 这种书很畅销。

词(其
主语 多指 物)

read, draw, wash, write, open, ②The shirt washes well.

wear, run, burn等。

这衬衫很好洗。

种类 不及 物动

主要用法 不及物动词或某些短语无被 动语态。例如:last, cost,

典句例示 ①The accident happened outside my house. 这起事故发生在我的房子 外面。 ②It was almost midnight when a fire broke out in the neighborhood. 快半夜时这儿附近发生了 火灾。

词(其 spread, happen(to), take 主语 place, belong to, break out, 多指 go out, run out, turn off, work out等。

物)

种类

主要用法
get常与marry, break, hurt,

典句例示 Yao Ming fell and got hurt in the match.

wound等动词的过去分词形
特殊 结构 need/want/require/be worth +doing 在这个结构中doing是主动 形式表被动含义 式构成被动语态。

在比赛中姚明摔倒并受伤
了。 The film Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows is worth seeing. 电影《哈利?波特与死亡

圣器》值得一看。

1. [2012潍坊模拟]—Thank you for your coffee.
—But you _______ it. A.didn?t drink C.don?t drink B.aren?t drinking D.hadn?t drunk

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:——谢谢你的咖啡。——但 是你根本没喝。“喝咖啡”是过去的事情,与现在无关,因此用 一般过去时。

2. [2012吉林模拟]—I have got a headache.
—No wonder. You _______ in front of that computer too long.

A.work
C.have been working

B.are working
D.worked

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:——我头疼。——怪不得呢。
你在电脑前面工作太久了。“在电脑前面工作”发生在过去, 持续到现在,并且现在仍然在进行,因此用现在完成进行时。

3. By next Monday, she _______ here for three years.

A. will study
C. studies

B. will have studied
D. has studied

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:到下周一,她在这里学习就
要满三年了。用来表示在将来某个时间将要完成的动作,且与

by引导的时间状语连用,应用将来完成时。

4. [2012洛阳模拟] He has promised me that upon my arrival he _________ for me at the airport. A.is waiting C.will have waited B.will be waiting D.waits

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:他答应我,我一到达他就会 在机场等我。wait动作发生在将来,并且在将来某个时刻正在 进行,因此用将来进行时。

5. [2012重庆模拟]—May I see your ticket, please? I think

you _______ in my seat.
—Oh, you?re right. My seat is upstairs. I?m terribly sorry. A. are sitting C. sat B. sit D. have been sitting

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:——我可以看一下你的票吗? 我认为你在坐我的座位。——噢,对。我的在楼上。真的很抱 歉。sit动作正在发生,因此用现在进行时。

6. —Has Jenny finished her essay? —I don?t know.She _______ it this morning. A.had written C.wrote B.was writing D.has written

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:——珍妮写完文章了吗?— —我不知道。今天上午她一直在写。根据句意可知“写”在

“今天上午”一直在进行,故用过去进行时。

7. —Why do you want to work for our company?

—This is the job that I ________ for.
A.looked B.am to look

C.had looked

D.have been looking

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:——你为什么想为我们公司

工作?——这是我一直在寻找的工作。have been looking for表
示从过去到现在一直在寻找。

8. [2012杭州模拟]—Can you tell me the timetable of the school bus? —Well, the bus _______ here for the campus at 6: 30 am. A. will leave C. is leaving B. left D. leaves

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:——你能告诉我校车的时刻 表吗?——嗯,车早晨6:30从这儿出发去校园。按时刻表运 行用一般现在时。

9. [2012温州模拟]The telephone __________ continually in the office all morning. Why doesn?t someone answer it? A. phones C. has been phoning B. has phoned D. phoned

【解析】选C。考查时态。现在完成进行时表示一直到说话时 为止的一段时期内一再重复的动作。句意为:整个早上办公室 里的电话铃声不断。为什么没人接?

10. When we got to the stadium hurriedly, the leaders ______

their speeches and the performance ________.
A. have finished; began

B. had just finished; had begun
C. had just finished; was about to begin

D. just finished; began

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:当我们匆忙赶到体育馆时, 领导已经讲完话,节目就要开始了。“到达”发生在过去, “讲完话”发生在到达之前,而“节目开始”发生在到达之后,

故C项正确。

11. Don?t ring me up at 3 this afternoon. I ________ an important meeting. A. attend B. attended

C. will attend

D. will be attending

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:今天下午三点的时候不要给

我打电话,届时我正开一个重要的会议,将来某个时刻正在做
什么,用将来进行时。

12. The woman moved about outside the operation room,

because her son _______ on.
A.was being operated C.had been operated B.is operated D.was operated

【解析】选A。考查时态和语态。句意:这个妇女在手术室外 走来走去,因为大夫正在给她儿子实施手术。“做手术”发生 在过去,并且那时正在进行,又因her son与operate之间是动 宾关系要用被动语态,故用过去进行时的被动语态。

13. Linyi isn?t what it used to be.The last decade ________ great changes in the city images. A.witnessed C.has witnessed B.was witnessed D.had witnessed

【解析】选C。句意:临沂不是过去的样子了。过去的十年见 证了这个城市面貌的变化。由isn?t和the last decade可知用现在 完成时。

14. [2012嘉兴模拟]This kind of cloth ________ well. I think
it is worthy _________. A. washes; buying B. is washed; buying C. washes; to be bought D. is washed; to be bought

【解析】选C。考查动词形式和非谓语动词。句意:这种布好 洗,我认为它值得买。表示主语一般属性特征的动词,如wash, write, tear, sell等常用主动形式表被动,这类动词常带有一个修 饰词。“值得干??”为be worthy to be done。

15. [2012西安模拟]—Was the driving pleasant when you

went to Sichuan last summer?
—No, it _______ for a week when we arrived, so the roads

were very muddy.
A. was raining C. had been raining B. has been raining D. would have rained

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:——去年夏天你去四川时开 车(旅途)愉快吗?——不,当我们到达时已经下了一周雨了, 因此道路非常泥泞。下雨发生在到达之前,并且当时仍然在进 行,因此用过去完成进行时。

16. Sir Denis, who is 78, has made it clear to his children that
much of his collection ______ away to the nation after his death. A. has given C. gives B. is to give D. is to be given

【解析】选D。考查时态和语态。句意:78岁的Denis先生已经 向他的孩子们表明在他死后他的大多数收藏品要捐给国家。根 据句意可知用将来时,主语much of his collection和捐献为动宾

关系,因此用将来时的被动语态。

17. [2012南昌模拟]No one _________ this building without

the permission of the police.
A. is leaving B. is to leave

C. has left

D. will be leaving

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:不经警察允许,任何人不准

离开这栋楼。be to do sth. 表示按责任、义务做的事。

18. [2012阜阳模拟]The wet weather will continue tomorrow,

when a cold front _______ to arrive.
A. is expected C. expects B. is expecting D. will be expected

【解析】选A。考查语态。句意:湿润的天气明天还将继续, 届时预计冷锋会到达。主语为a cold front和expect之间是动宾 关系, 因此用被动语态,时间状语从句中要用一般现在时代替 将来时。

19. [2012杭州模拟]—Why do you look so worried? —My computer broke down and my essay ____ unfinished since. A. was left C. left B. has left D. has been left

【解析】选D。考查时态和语态。句意:——你为什么看起来 这么焦虑?——我的电脑出故障了,自那时以来我的论文还没 有完成。由since可知用现在完成时,主语my essay与leave之间

为被动关系,因此用被动语态。

20. They were ahead during the first half of the match, but they _________ in the last five minutes. A.were beating C.were beaten B.beat D.had been beaten

【解析】选C。考查时态和语态。句意:他们在比赛的上半场 领先,但是最后五分钟却被击败了。根据前面的were可知应用 一般过去时的被动语态。


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