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!!!!!!!!高考语法填空非谓语动词的运用


非谓语动词 的分类

非 谓 语 动 词

不定式(to do) as a noun

V-ing

动名词
as adj. or adv. 现在分词

V-ed 过去分词

非谓语动词的语法功能
主语 宾语 动 名 词 表语 定语 状语

宾补









不 定 式
分 词





√ √

√ √

√ √

√ √

非谓语动词的 七大经典原则

原则一:用作目的状语,原则上用不定式 原则一:用作目的状语,… . 原则二:用作伴随状语,原则上用 -ing. 原则二:用作伴随状语, …
原则三:用作结果状语,可用-ing/ to do ,原则区别是: 原则三:用作结果状语, … -ing 表示一定逻辑的结果, to do 表示非逻辑的结果。

原则四:凡是有被动意义时,原则上要用过去分词。 原则四:凡是含有被动意义时, … 如果动作尚未发生,则用不定式的被动形式; 如果动作正在进行,则用-ing的被动形式。 原则五:非谓语动词作状语时,原则上其逻辑主语应与 原则五:非谓语动词作状语时,… 主句主语保持一致。

原则六:强调动作发生在主句谓语动作 原则六:强调动作发生在主句谓语动作之前,原则上 … 要用完成式(-ing之前时, 的完成式或不定式的完成式) 原则七:用于名词后作定语,原则是:不定式表示动作 原则七:用于名词后作定语时, … 尚未发生; -ing表示动作正在进行:过去分词表示动作完 成,被动。

非谓语动词的

使用条件 一个句子当中,已经存在谓语动 词,又没有连词的情况下, 还有别 的动词出现时,这些动词就充当了 非谓语动词.

1.分析句子结构 ?确定用非谓语动词 2.判断非谓语动词在句中的成分和作用 确定(逻辑主语& 语态) 3.判断时态 确定恰当的非谓语动词形式

? [例1] I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man sitting 18 (sit) at the front. (2011广东卷) saying ? [例2] He spit it out, __37___(say) it was awful. (2010广东卷)
?

若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是 非谓语动词。

[例3] The fact that so many people still smoke in public places _______ that we may need B a nationwide campaign to raise awareness of the risks of smoking.

A. suggest C. suggested

B. suggests D. suggesting

turn 1. If you _____to turn the left , you'll find the post office . Turn the left , and you'll find the post office . 2. _____to 3. Turning to the left , you'll find the post office .

充当句 子成分 逻辑主语

状语 宾语 表语 主句中的主语

定语 所修饰的词

宾补 句子的宾语

see
Seen from the top of the hill, our house (1)_______ looks like a car. Seeing the dog come over, our friend ran (2)_______ away. See (3)_______ from the top of a hill, and you’ll find the city more beautiful. To see more clearly, they came up and (4)_______ got close to it.

(compare)

compare A with B

comparing 1. When ____________different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the similarities.

Compared with other top students, you are 2.__________ better.

discuss
being discussed (1)The question _________________now at the meeting is very important. (2)The question discussed ________ at the meeting last week is very important. to be discussed (3)The question __________________ at

the meeting next week is very important.

1._____many times , but he still couldn't C understand it .
2. _____many times , he still couldn't A understand it . A. Having been told C. He was told B. Told D. To be told

状态

时间

主动

被动

非谓语动词先发 done/ 生(已完成) having done having been done
同时发生(在进 行) 未发生(将来) doing to do being done to be done

再比较
1.He is the best one ______(do) to do the job.

注:受 the first, the second ... the last 修饰 的名词或代词后原则上要用不定式作定语。
2.He was considered the first man to have invented _______________(invent )the telephone. 动词不定式的动作先于谓语动词的动作而发生 用to have done
17

其他常见的用法
to stay at 1.I haven’t decided which hotel_________. (stay) 作定语的不定式是一个不及物动词, 注意不可忽略不定式短语中的介词。
2. There are five pairs _____, B but I’m at a loss which to buy. A. to be chosen B. to choose from

C. to choose

D. for choosing

1. Lost in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. (lose )
2. Tired of playing football, he went back to the classroom. (tire )

3. Faced with difficulty, he rushed forward bravely.

有些过去分词源于系表结构,分 词已经形容词化,相当于形容词

(face)

be lost in; be interested in; be tired of ; be satisfied with ; be excited about; be faced with; be dressed in ;be seated

1. He hurried to the booking office, only _____________ to be told (tell) that all the tickets had been sold out.
to do表示结果—表示出人预料的情况或结果, 常用only强调。 2. European football is played in 80 countries, ____________ (make) it the most popular sport making in the world. 分词表示结果包含着一种必然发生的结果。

? 非谓语动词考点语篇填空综合应用

语篇填空 用所给动词的适当形式填空 ? Freud was one of the first scientists 1 (make) serious research of the mind. The mind is the collection of activities 2 (base) in the brain that involve how we act, think, feel and reason. He used long talks with patients and the study of dreams 3 (search) for the causes of mental and emotional problems. He also tried hypnosis (催眠). He wanted to see if 4 (put) patients into a sleep-like condition would help ease 5 (trouble) minds. In many cases he found the effects only temporary. Freud worked hard, although what he did might sound easy. His method involved 6 (sit) with his patients and 7(listen) to them talk. He had them 8 (talk )about whatever they were thinking. All ideas, thoughts and anything that entered their mind had to 9 (express). There could be no 10 (hold) back because of fear or guilt.

语篇填空 用所给动词的适当形式填空。 to make Freud was one of the first scientists [1]_______ (make)serious research of the mind. The based mind is the collection of activities [2]________ (base) in the brain that involve how we act, think, feel and reason.
弗洛伊德(1856-1939;奥地利神经学家、精神病 医学家、精神分析的创始人)

He used long talks with patients and the study to search (search) for the of dreams [3]___________ causes of mental and emotional problems. He also tried hypnosis. He wanted to see if putting (put)patients into a sleep-like [4]________ troubled condition would help ease [5]________ (trouble) minds. In most cases he found the effects only temporary.

Freud worked hard, although what he did might sound easy. His method involved [6]________ sitting (sit) with his patients and [7]________ (listen)to them talk. He had listening them [8]________ talk (talk)about whatever they were thinking. All ideas, thoughts and anything that entered their mind had to [9]___________ (express). There could be expressed holding (hold)back because be no[10]________ of fear or guilt.

1.分析句子结构 ?确定用非谓语动词 2.判断非谓语动词在句中的成分和作用 确定(逻辑主语& 语态) 3.判断时态
确定恰当的非谓语动词形式


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