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第九讲、高中英语翻译技巧与能力训练(上)


第九讲、高中英语翻译技巧与能力训练(上)_[讲义]
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高考英语翻译技巧与能力训练

高考英语中的翻译(中译英)题要求考生能应用所学过的语法和词 汇来准确地表达思想,是一种要求相当高的考查形式。要求考生把中

文的句子译成通顺的、语法结构正确的、符合英语表达习惯的英语句 子,并能准确地传达中文句子中的每一个信息。该题型全面地考查学 生英语词汇、语法等知识的综合运用能力,它对学生的动词时态、语 态、名词的单复数、冠词、形容词、副词、介词等应用能力,还对学 生的词组、句型、句子结构等进行了全面考查。翻译不仅在高考英语 主观题中占不小的比例,而且翻译能力还直接影响考生在作文中的表 现。 高考评分标准: 1.每题中单词拼写、标点符号、大小写错误每两 处扣一分; 2.语法错误(包括时态错误)每处扣一分; 3.译文没 用所给的单词扣一分。 如何才能提高中译英水准,在高考中获得理想的分数呢?考生除了 必须具备比较扎实的语言基础外,关键还在于学会总结规律,找准中 译英的切入点。

一、分析句子结构、寻找合适的句型 中文必须仔细读,一定要看的就是题目给我们的关键字或关键的词 组,也就是我们常说的 key words。尤其是最后两句翻译句子,它们大 都在句子结构上提高了难度。读什么?读出句子结构:对于简单句, 辨别出主谓宾,分清定语、同位语和状语;对于并列句,记住两个语 法意义上独立的分句,须由连词连接起来;对于复合句,须区分定语 从句,名词性从句以及状语从句。一般来说,中译英的句型可分为三 大类:1.简单句;2.并列句;3.复合句;同时我们也要注意非谓语动词 及其他一些特殊结构。回顾近几年的高考试题时,也不难发现试题中 考了一些特殊句式。如:It 句型(近几年考得较为频繁)、倒装句、with 结构。 例 1: 昨天我的电脑坏了。(wrong) 解析:本题考查:1)简单句 There be 结构;2)wrong 的用法;3)中英 文表达的差异。 译句:There was something wrong with my computer yesterday. 例 2: 遇到困难的时候,我们需要的不是彼此埋怨,而是互相帮助。 (not…but) 解析:本题考查:1)复合句:when 引导的状语从句;what 引导的主 语从句;2)not…but 结构;3)“彼此埋怨”的英文翻译。 译句:When(we are)in difficulty/When we meet with difficulties/When we have difficulties ,what we need is not to blame each other but to help each other. 例 3:我们能做什么来阻止这种疾病蔓延呢?(prevent)

分析:如果有学生没有读全中文原句的话,就很有可能看成是以前 所做的“我们要做些什么来阻止这种疾病的蔓延”,而译为 We should do something to prevent the spread of this disease.因为这个原因而造成扣分, 就 太不应该了。 译句:What can we do to prevent the spread of this disease? 例 4:他很有可能通过自己的努力得到驾驶执照。 (likely) 译句:He is likely to get the driving license with his own efforts. 分析:有些学生一看到有可能,就会想到自己比较熟悉的 possible, 想当然地翻译成 It is possible that…的结构。其实,学生对 likely 这个 key word 的使用也是会的,完全能够使用 be likely to do 或 It?s likely that…的结 构。 例 5:上海近几年经历了许多变化,如今已成为世界闻名的经济中 心。 (go through) 分析: 乍一看, 学生很容易轻易下笔, Shanghai has gone through…,it has become…,这已成为很多学生的一个习惯,句子和句子中随便用逗号 隔开,英语不像中文,必须要考虑到句子的结构,逗号也不能随意使 用。而此句中,就要想到用并列句中的连接词 and 来连接两个成分。 译句:Shanghai has gone through many changes and now it has become a world-famous economic center. 例 6:我为这些话所深深感动,后来我就把它们写在圣诞贺卡上。 (impress) 分析:在注意到 impress 使用的基础上,尽管从原句中无法读出如

此…以至于…的意思, 但要想到句中缺少一定的连接词, 这时就可以运 用到 so…that…结构。 译句:I was so impressed by these words that I used them later for a Christmas card. 例 7: 人们对于那些乐于帮助他人脱离险境的人总是满怀感激之情。 (grateful) 分析:grateful 的词组是 be grateful to sb for sth,这是一句简单的陈述 句,它的主干是人们对于那些人满怀感激,总是让我们想到 be always doing,而那些人有由 who 引导的定语从句修饰。 译句:People are always grateful to those who are ready to help others out of danger. 例 8:我还没来得及提醒他要保守这个秘密他就匆匆挂了电话。 (before) 分析:这个翻译在动笔之前一定要搞清句意,抓住主干。要理清事 情发展的顺序,他先挂了电话,我还没来得及提醒他,所以 before 前 后的部分千万不能颠倒,要看懂主干。 译句:He hung up the phone in a hurry before I could remind him to keep the secret. 例 9:他忘了带阅读证,进不了图书馆。 (accessible) 分析:学生习惯按照中文的顺序来进行翻译,而此句中的 accessible 恰恰是几个我们必须要牢记的 sth. be + adj. to sb.结构之一,那么中文要 理解成图书馆对于我们是无法进入的。

译句:He forgot to bring the reading card, so the library was not accessible to him. 例 10:你今晚能来参加我的生日聚会吗?(possible) 分析:单纯翻译“能否做某事”,考生可能会想到…can do sth 或者 be able to do sth 等短语, 但是括号里给出了 possible 这个单词, 就要想如何 用这个词表达能否做某事的含义, 即做某事是否可能。 is possible for sb It to do sth 这个短语也是高中里很重要的一个表达。 译句:Is it possible for you to attend/ come to my birthday party this evening/tonight? 例 11:尽管遭受如此严重的自然灾害,但只要不灰心,我们终会克 服暂时的困难。 (Although…) 分析:翻译中的长句, 要判断句子之间的逻辑关系,然后用合适的 连接词(或者介词短语,非谓语动词等)把句子给连接起来,整个句 子就搞定了。另外,考生对一些词的翻译不甚了解,可能会导致失分, 例如“遭受”、“灰心”、“克服”、“暂时”这些词的翻译。在翻译长句子时还 有很重要的一点就是不要漏掉重要信息,这需要考生在翻译时对句子 的细节有精准的把握,翻译完后再对照一下中英文意思,看有没有遗 漏重要信息。 译句: Although we are suffering such a serious/severe natural disaster, will we eventually smooth away/overcome the temporary difficulty as long as we don't/never lose heart. 例 12:无论风多大、雨多急,警察一直坚守在岗位上。(no matter…)

分析:本句是一个让步状语从句,要用“no matter”的结构来翻译。 通过对从句部分的理解从而确定是用“no matter how”来连接和引导主从 句。 译句:No matter how hard the rain falls and the wind blows, the police keep to their posts. 例 13:据报道,这种野生植物含有丰富的维生素。(It…) 分析:本题考查:1)It 句型;2)be rich in 或 contain 的用法。 译句:It is reported that this wild plant is rich in/contains/has a lot of vitamins. 例 14:我从未想到这种事竟然会发生在他的身上。 (occur) 分析:学生会把 occur 对应到发生这个意思上,而将我从未想到译 为 I have not thought that…这样,尽管使用到了 key word,但也无法得分。 明显 occur 应使用在从未想到这个结构中, It never occurred to sb. that… 为 译句:It never occurred to me that such a thing should happen to him. 例 15:汽车、无线电、电影、速冻食品、电冰箱,这些东西在过去 的 30 年中得到了广泛的应用,这简直令人难以臵信。 (It…) 分析: It…这个结构就告诉我们这是个形式主语的句式, 真正的主语 从句为汽车、无线电、电影、速冻食品、电冰箱已经进入普遍使用。 译句:It is hard to believe that automobiles, radios, motion pictures, frozen foods and electric refrigerator have come into common use within thirty years. 例 16:学校定了一条规则,开始上课时学生要起立。 (it) 分析:句子主干就是学校定了条规则,它的内容就是学生要起立, 时间是开始上课时。而 it 就担任了形式宾语,规则的内容则是由 that

引导的宾语从句,在宾语从句中又有 when 引导的时间状语从句。经过 组织后就可得出翻译。 译句:The school made it a rule that the students should stand up when class begins. 例 17:我发现多阅读一些文学作品很有益处。 (…it…) 分析:比较熟练的学生看到…it…,就明确这是在考察 it 作为形式宾 语的用法,但部分学生还是倾向于直接用宾语从句:I find that it is good/beneficial…尽管同样可以做翻译,但考点却无法体现出来,在考试 中也会扣分,应着重强调 it 的形式宾语作用。 译句:I find it good/beneficial to read more literature works. 例 18:不在房间的时候别让灯开着。 (when) 分析:这是一个祈使句的考察。祈使句考察的难点在于表面是没有 主语的,比如此句,“谁”不在房间的时候别让灯开着?作为英语语法中 的一个基本知识点,在翻译祈使句时有两种情况,第一种情况是不添 加任何主语,第二种情况是添加一个主语,即“你”。 译句:Don?t leave the light on when you are out of out of the room/ not in the room.

二、明确考核要点、选择词语搭配 在高考翻译题中,我们也不难发现,每一句常含有二、三个词语搭 配,翻译时稍不注意就会失分。因此,在做每一道中译英题时,首先 要确定句中几组(个)动词或动词词组, 然后选定恰当的词语以及相应的

搭配,尤其要注意括号内所给词语的准确运用。 例 1、我不需要买新车,我的那辆旧车还很好。(condition)(2006 年高 考上海卷) 解析:本题考查:1)短语词组 be in good condition;2)状语从句。 译文:I don?t need to/needn?t buy a new car as my old one is still in good condition. 例 2:我迟到的原因是他们没通知我开会的时间。 (inform) 分析:部分学生将注意力集中在句子的结构上,非常顺手地写出了 The reason why I was late…于是, 就陷入了自己的思考空间, 忽视了 inform 这个关键字,出现了 The reason why I was late was that they had not told me the time…,inform sb. of sth.的这个词组就没有适时地使用进去,也就失 去了这句翻译重要的得分点。 译句:The reason why I was late was that they had not informed me of the time of the meeting. 例 3:该项计划经过了广泛的讨论。 (extensively) 分析:中文中广泛的讨论,会使部分学生认为 extensively 是形容词, 是用来修饰讨论的,有可能会得到这样错误的翻译:This plan has experienced extensively discussion.即使有学生清楚 extensively 是副词的词 性,也会无从下手。那么这句翻译就要进行自己的处理,理解为该项 计划被广泛地讨论。 译句:This plan has been discussed extensively. 例 4:要跟上英语的发展,最好的方式就是和说英语的人保持交流。

(keep) 分析:看到前半句,学生就会想到跟上的词组:keep up with,于是, 在接下去的翻译中,很容易忽略掉保持交流,其实,这个句子中的重 点单词 keep 更多地考察的是和保持的对应,考点为 keep doing。跟上可 以译为 catch up with。 译句:To keep/catch up with the progress of English, the best way is to keep communicating with those who speak English. 例 5:我昨天问那位母亲她的孩子曾经有人照管吗?(take) 分析:在掌握了照管对应的是 take care of 这个词组后,我们要注意 的是昨天的时态,尤其是在这个基础上的曾经所体现出的时态以及有 人照管的语态表达,过去时态的曾经要用过去完成时,而有人照管则 要理解成被人照管。 译句:Yesterday I asked the mother whether her child had been taken care of by somebody. 例 6:当你心情欠佳时,听听音乐就会去除烦恼。 (free from) 分析:free from 是句中去除的意思,但要注意的是它的使用,有些 学生直接翻译成 listening to some music can free from worry,尽管中文是听 听音乐会去除烦恼,但我们应可以理解成如果你听听音乐,你就会没 有烦恼,你才是 free from 的主语。 译句: When you are in a bad mood, you will be free form trouble if you listen to some music. 例 7:我忘了提醒他面试的时间。 (remind)

分析:这个句子重点考察了 remind 这个词的用法。其义为“提醒”,常用 搭配是:remind sb of sth. 译句:I forgot to remind him of the time for the interview.

三、确定时态和语态、注意前后呼应 时态语态一直是英语考试中考查的重点。在高考英语翻译中,每句 一般都含有二三个动词或动词词组,因此,正确的思路应该是首先浏 览全句中文,考生要能够做到根据句中的时间状语和字里行间所给出 的提示来定位一个基本时态,即主句的动词时态,而其他动词必须与 之呼应。 例 1、 听到 2008 年在北京举办奥运会的消息时, 人们欣喜若狂。 (news that)(2003 年春考) 分析:本题考查:1)主句、从句的时态;2)同位语从句;3)成语“欣 喜若狂”的翻译。 译文:People were wild with joy at the news that Olympic Games would be held in Beijing in 2008. 例 2、这里的菜烧得很好,还有免费蛋糕供应。(provide) 译文:The dishes are well cooked here and free cakes are provided. 分析:本题考查:1)被动语态;2)provide 的用法。 例 3:这次比赛将由我父亲工作的那个公司赞助。 (sponsor) 分析:学生看完句子后,知道 sponsor 对应的应该是赞助这个概念, 但不确定它的词性, 想到既然 sponsor 这个单词是 or 结尾, 就理所当然

地认为是个名词,理解为了赞助人,使得句子翻译非常混乱。其实, 理解这个单词的学生, 轻而易举就能翻译出 sponsor 作为动词的正确翻 译。 译句: competition will be sponsored by the company in which my father is The working. 例 4:我们必须对这里正在讨论的一些事情保密。(discuss) 分析:保密的词组是 keep a secret of,但这里我们更应关注的是正在 讨论该如何与事情结合起来。有学生会将它译成定语从句,当然这并 没有错,但对非谓语的使用比较熟练的学生可以轻而易举地做出简洁 而又漂亮的句子,这个非谓语既是被动又是进行时的。 译句:We must keep a secret of the things being discussed here. 例 5:应该鼓励年轻人按照自己的特长选择职业。 (encourage) 分析:这个句子有一个特点,就是没有主语,这也是中文句子的一 个特色。如何翻译没有主语的句子,其中一个情况就是使用被动句, 强调受动者,而不必出现施动者。 译句:The young people/ youngsters should be encouraged to choose their careers according to/ based on their own strong points/ strengths.

四、了解文化差异、避免中式英语 作为中学生,在学习英语时,特别应该注重中英文表述习惯的不同 之处,克服母语造成的潜在障碍,在做中译英题时,切忌将两种语言 对等地进行交换,尤其是对成语、俗语的翻译,否则就贻笑大方了。

1998 年中译英句子成为上海市英语高考试卷中的一种新题型。有的句 子要求考生翻译时使用特定的词语,有的句子要求考生运用特定的句 子结构,还有的句子出现了成语、谚语,要求考生翻译。从 1998 年到 2008 年,上海考卷中共出现汉语成语、谚语的句子近 20 句。成语如: 固执己见、引人入胜、爱不释手、鼎力相助、三言两语等。谚语如: 不到长城非好汉,玩火者必自焚,患难朋友才是真朋友,失败是成功 之母。 中译英句子中出现汉语成语、 谚语翻译, 向考生提出了一定的挑战。 学生普遍反映他们对成语、谚语的翻译有畏难情绪。译成英语时,千 万不要以为成语是词组,就把它们统统译成词组或短语。有些成语可 以译成英语词组或短语,但有些则需要译成句子。由于谚语是语句, 所以我们翻译时通常把它们译成句子。 例 1、这款手机式样新颖、携带方便,深受年轻人的欢迎。(popular) 分析:本题考查:1)“式样新颖、携带方便”是一种广告语言,很有时 代气息,又不脱离课本,是高考的一种趋势;2)句子结构;3)popular 的 用法。 译文:The mobile phone is fashionable/modern in style and convenient to carry ,so it is very popular with young people. 例 2、我向她请教,她总是有求必应,而且解释得令我十分满意。 (satisfaction) 分析:本题考查:1)中英文表达的差异,如:“请教”,“有求必应”,“十 分满意”;2)Every time 引导的状语从句。

译文:Every time I ask her for advice, she is always ready to help, and explains to my full satisfaction. 例 3:如果你方便的话,请帮我去邮局寄一些包裹。 (convenient) 分析:中文中习惯说“你方便的话”,但在翻译时如果按照直译翻成 you are convenient,就出现了严重的问题。所以一定要按照英语的习惯 理解成如果这对你而言方便的话。 译文:If it is convenient to you, please go to the post office to send these parcels for me. 例 4:如果你不努力,就会坐失良机。 (chance) 分析:如果把中文里的坐也翻译出来,翻译成 sit down and miss the good chance 就有很大的问题了。只要理解了所谓的坐失良机就是失去 很好的机会,就能得到正确的翻译。 译文:If you don?t make efforts, you will miss the good/golden chance. 例 5:她花了冤枉钱,买了她并不需要的东西。 (waste) 分析:由于中文中出现的是冤枉钱,学生极易把 waste 用作钱的定 语,产生了 waste-money 或 wasted money 诸如此类的自创词。其实只要 灵活的使用 waste,就能既表达句子的意思,又能恰当地使用 waste。 分析:She has wasted her money on things that she does not need. 例 6:医生挨家挨户上门寻访,省去了许多老年人去医院的麻烦。 (save) 分析:“挨家挨户上门寻访”翻译成名词化的短语 the doctors? door-to-door visits,将其作为主语。若能这样灵活处理,整个句子的翻译

就简单了很多。当然,如果不作名词化处理,本句也是有“出路”的。 分析:The doctors? door-to-door visits save many old people?s/ senior citizens? trouble of going to hospitals. 或 The doctors visit every family door to door, which saves many old people?s/ senior citizens? trouble of going to hospitals. 例 7:我对学生所谈论的电子产品一无所知,我发现自己落伍了。 (ignorant) 分析:这个句子的翻译对很多考生有些难度。首先是成语和俗语的 翻译:“一无所知”和“落伍”。另外,很多同学对于 ignorant 这个词的用法 不甚熟悉。 译句: Being ignorant of the electronic products the students are talking about, I find myself left behind/ outdated/ out of date. 或 I am totally ignorant of the electronic products the students are talking about,and/so I find myself left behind/ outdated/ out of date.

五、检查 在整个句子翻译好之后,检查很重要。因为英语对我们中国的学生 来说毕竟是门外语,在做翻译练习时,学生的注意力比较多的都集中 在中文的句子里,十几年的母语习惯经常会在不经意间干扰我们进行 正确的翻译。所以要想保证翻译的句子得满分,检查这一环节必不可 少。我们要检查什么呢? 1. 检查动词的时态、语态和主谓一致。 完成翻译后,首先要检查句子中的动词前后时态是否一致,语态为

主动还是被动是否符合中文翻译的要求,以及动词的单复数是否与主 语相符。这是翻译中得分的重点。 2. 检查非谓语动词。 现在的翻译中经常会出现使用非谓语的情况,句子中一旦出现了非 谓语,学生就要特别注意是否正确使用了-ing,-ed 和 to do 的结构,以 及可能出现的独立主格等非谓语中的重点方面。 3. 检查动词的搭配。 检查句子中的动词是及物动词还是不及物动词,如果是不及物动 词,则要注意是否搭配了相应的介词。 4. 检查名词的单复数。 注意名词在中英文中的不同理解,特别是一些集合名词,理解它们 用单数来表达复数的特征。 5. 检查句型的使用。 检查常用句型的使用,特别是一些连接词、强调句、倒装句等等。 6. 检查句子的完整性。 翻译后,尤其要检查译句中的主干以外的修饰语是否完整,比如说 定语,时间状语和地点状语等等。 7. 检查中英文的一致。 检查英语译句是否正确地表达了中文的意思,是否错误地把主观的想 法加诸在翻译中。 8. 检查单词的拼写和大小写。 英语单词拼写复杂,翻译时,搞错一个字母,就会导致单词拼写失

误,学生需要加强记忆。句子首字母大写,学生基本不会忘记,但也 要注意翻译中出现的一些专有名词或特别称谓的首字母大写。 9. 检查标点符号。英语的标点符号,与汉语的有同有异。但有些学 生平时在作业时,非常粗心,使用混乱,这就导致了在最后的考试里 被扣分。特别是平日里,比较多练习的翻译都是陈述句,一旦遇到疑 问句,多数学生会忘记写上问号。尽管一个标点符号只有半分,但我 想,在高考中,任何由疏忽所造成的扣分都是该避免。 综上所述,要想做好中译英试题,考生了解、掌握一定的方法和技 巧及注意事项是必不可少的。实际上,只要能在平时的英语学习中注 重对英语基础知识的积累,并且做个有心人(随时留意英语与汉语的 异同点,作好储备工作) ,再进行一定量的训练,考生就一定能在“中 译英”方面取得优异成绩。

能力训练: 1. 当女孩过马路时,被一辆汽车撞倒了。(knock) 2. 遵照这些指示,你很快就会学会如何使用这台电脑。(follow) 3. 在西方国家,孩子一到 18 岁,他们就应该独立生活。(on one's own) 4. 和邻近小商店比起来,超市更便于居民购物。(compare) 5. 我会永远记得我们在一起度过的快乐时光。(定语从句) 6. 不懂装懂的人总有一天会遭到惩罚。(pretend) 7. 这个柜子太贵了,再说,它占用太多空间。(occupy) 8. 母亲感谢 Tom 救了她落水的儿子。(thank…for)

9. 老师应该知道如何帮助学生在身心方面都得到发展。(how to) 10. 我发觉每个人都有一项爱好是非常必要的。(find it…) 11. 现代工业应为由它所造成的各种污染负责。(blame) 12. 按照法律, 不满 18 岁的人不得进入网吧. (inaccessible) 13. 我们可以从学校图书馆借阅各种各样的参考书。(available) 14. 这小孩太调皮了, 使得他那忙于工作的父母常常心烦意乱. ( So… ) 15. 她以前就住在附近, 是吗?(used to) 16. 我对此事很认真,因为这是原则问题。(take) 17. 路渐渐宽了起来, 最后我们走进了一个大的山谷。(until) 18. 母亲去买东西;我打扫屋子。(meanwhile) 19. 对自然资源的保护是保证我们将来有足够的能源的一种办法。 (make sure) 20. 由于多年经济危机, 政府的经济政策使总统的声望下降。(it is…that…)

参考答案: 1. The girl was knocked down by a bus when she was crossing the road. 2. Following these instructions, you will soon learn how to use this computer. 3. In western countries, children have to live on their own as soon as they reach the age of 18. 4. Compared with neighboring small stores, supermarkets are more convenient for residents to shop.

5. I will remember the happy time we spent together forever. 6. Those who pretend to know what they don't know will pay a price for it one day. 7. This cabinet is too expensive. Besides, it occupies too much room. 8. The mother thanked Tom for having saving her drowning son. 9. Teachers should know how to help students develop mentally and physically. 10. I find it necessary for one to have a hobby. 11. Modern industry is to blame for all sorts of pollution it has caused. 12. According to the law, Internet cafes are inaccessible to anyone under the age of 18. 13. All kinds of reference books are available to us in our school library. 14. The child is so naughty that he upsets his parents who are busy with their work. 15.She used to live just around the corner, didn?t she? 16. I take it seriously, for it's a matter of principle. 17. The road gradually widened until we found ourselves in a large valley. 18. Mother went shopping; meanwhile, I cleaned the house. 19. Conservation is one way to make sure we have enough energy in the future. 20. It was because the economic crisis lasted for several years that the government?s economic policy dimmed the popularity of the president.

1 A "dark horse "is one that shows unexpected racing speed and comes in first,

1

the experts said he had little chance of winning. In politics, an 2 candidate (候选人) for office who 3 a

nomination(提名)or election is called a "dark horse". British Prime Minister Benjamin Disrael is believed to 4 the first to use

the phrase. In his novel, "The Young Duke ", published in 1831, Disrael described a horse race and told how the two top choices fell 5 ,while "a dark horse

"which had never been thought of rushing past the grandstand (看台)in a sweeping triumph. From racing to politics was a short step. As a political phrase, “dark horse ” 6 for the first time in the national Democratic Party congress of 1844. The "dark

horse" was James Knox Polk who became the llth President of the United States. Polk had been the leader of the House of Representatives from 1835 to 1839. He had 7 been Governor of the state of Tennessee. But as a national leader, he 8 9 . won the Democratic nomination and was elected

was considered a political Nevertheless, he

10 .Martin Van Buren of New York, A former President, seemed sure of getting the nomination. But he opposed making the territory of Texas part of the United States as mother state. He was 11 it because there was slavery in Texas. 12

Van Buren did not want another slave state in the Union. As a result, he support among those Democrats who supported slavery.

At the 1884 congress, Van Buren could not get enough votes to win the nomination. The congress got into 13 . Therefore, the Democratic leaders

decided that the only wise thing would be to run a "dark horse ", could unite the party.

14

who

And so, one of the party leaders, George Bancroft, proposed the name of James Knox Polk. He won, and the party his opponent , Henry Clay of the Whig Party. 16 the 1844 congress, the "dark horse "candidates became an 15 behind him, And he defeated

established fact of national political life. One historian said, "The invention of the dark horse was made 18 17 a remarkable product of our professional politics. "This

possible for party leaders to choose candidates who were not tied 19 and had developed 20

to certain ideas. Therefore, they represented enemies. 1. A. so 2. A. unknown 3. A. accepts 4. A. be have been 5. A. about back 6. A. happened was come about 7. A. as well 8. A. somebody B. either B. everybody B. appeared B. behind B. even though B. famous B. looks forward to B. being

C. so that C. popular C. refuses C. been

D. as if D. known D. wins D.

C. asleep

D.

C. used

D.

C. also C. anybody

D. too D.

nobody 9. A. difficultly easily 10. A. President governor 11. A. for favor with 12. A. won wasted 13. A. votes money 14. A. a horse organization 15. A. laughed united 16. A. After Because 17. A. in itself 18. A. one 19. A. anything everything 20. A. quite a few B. a lot of C. few D. little B. of itself B. it B. nothing C. for itself C. that C. something D. by itself D. this D. B. Since C. Before D. B. succeeded C. won D. B. a man C. an animal D. an B. help C. efforts D. B. received C. lost D. B. against C. in favor of D. in B. a President C. the President D. the B. successfully C. surprisingly D.

2 It is an usual sunny afternoon in the village of Midwich, England. It seems not 1 any afternoon in the village, but all of a sudden, 3 2 and animals

lose consciousness.

they awake, all of the women of child--bearing age

have become pregnant (怀孕的). This is an episode from a 1960 science fiction story. The women in the story 4 birth to children that have the 5 appearance. They 6 have blond hair

and “strange eyes”. 7 8

the children grow, they run around the village in a pack, 9 . 10 11 12

the same clothing and hairstyles, stating at everyone

one child learns is also known by the others immediately. Villagers begin to their belief that the children all have "one mind." In this story, the children are by some unexplained force from outer space. But this story 13

40 years ago

14 predicted the arrival of a recent method of genetic engineering cloning. Cloning is the genetic process of producing copies of an individual. Will the genetic copies of a human really have "one mind" as strange 16 15 in this story? This situation is so 17 of it. 20 18 it. D. like D. youths D. And D. give with

us that we do not know what will 19

this new situation, people have 1. A. dislike 2. A. people 3. A. Then 4. A. send B. unlike B. women B. When B. make

to find out how to C. alike C. men C. Since C. take

5. A. pretty 6. A. every 7. A. If 8. A. having on 9. A. lonely 10. A. Which 11. A. express 12. A. given out 13. A. written 14. A. sometimes 15. A. describes describing 16. A. for 17. A. happen become 18. A. Faced 19. A. not 20. A. do with

B. same B. both B. For B. wearing B. bravely B. While B. wonder B. produced

C. ugly C. themselves C. As C. in C. impolitely C. Where C. select C. created

D. funny D. all D. So D. with D. patiently D. What D. argue D. taken

B. being written B. anyway B. described

C. to be written C. somehow C. describe

D. writes D. anyhow D.

B. at B. occur

C. with C. appear

D. to D.

B. Compared B. yet B. deal with

C. Covered C. till C. make

D. Filled D. though D. settle

3 Workers aren't allowed to go into a huge underground computer center 1

they step up to a machine that inside their eyes. If the machine can't worker is 4 3

2

a quick picture of the tiny blood vessels(管)

the picture with images in its computer, the

by security (安全) guards.

Each person has his own pattern of blood vessels in his or her eyes. And unlike a key, the pattern can't be 5 .

Old --fashioned keys and locks may soon be things of the past. High--tech security devices(装置) are being 6 at military bases, 7 the

computer centers, nuclear plants and banks. Companies that

machines say they'll someday be used in people's homes and cars. Already, a Japanese firm has fixed devices that 8 people's 9

fingerprints in 360 new homes. The machines open the doors only for the of the houses.

The new security devices are selling well because thieves and spies are getting better at breaking 11. Since 12 10 buildings and computers that are protected by

can steal or copy a fingerprint or eye pattern, the new 13 . new machines recognize voice patterns. Two American

machines are 14

companies use voice--recognition machines to keep an eye on their computers. Inexpensive voice--recognition machines may someday 15 locks on 16 the

cars. The doors would open only for the owners. The devices would owners 17 $ 270.

Although the up--to--date devices are a(n) 19 dad's 20 1. A. if 2. A. take 3. A. match 4. A. caught 5. A. borrowed 6. A. fixed 7. A. buy copy 8. A. remember recognize 9. A. makers 10. A. through 11. A. computers locks 12. A. nobody somebody 13. A. safe 14. A. Other 15. A. take place of B. unusual B. Another B. replace B. everybody B. buyers B. in B. store

18

, scientists must still solve

problem. How wi11 a boy borrow his dad's car without borrowing ? B. even if B. give B. fit B. killed B. missed B. dealt with B. sell C. until C. draw C. compare C. beaten C. stolen C. repaired C. make D. after D. show D. share D. stopped D. bought D. checked D.

C. count

D.

C. sellers C. into

D. owners D. out D. keys and

B. security devices C. cameras

C. anybody

D.

C. helpful C. More C. take place

D. useful D. Others D. place back

16. A. pay 17. A. up to 18. A. amazing surprising 19. A. dangerous 20. A. face

B. spend B. as few as B. cheap

C. take C. as much as C. expensive

D. cost D. as little as D.

B. serious B. picture

C. terrible C. fingers

D. ordinary D. voice

4

Every year, almost 2 million Americans are injured while they're Every day, 240 are killed on the job. The 2

1

work.

job is cutting down trees. Being a

policeman is safer than many jobs, including driving a truck, collecting garbage and 3 airplanes. One of the safest jobs is being a librarian. The government inspects(检查) most factories and offices. 4 have to

5 fines if their factories or offices are unsafe. In California, employers often go to prison if one of their workers is 6 because a factory didn't 7 safety

measures. But President Bush cut down the number of government inspectors 8 15 percent. Many people say working is less safe 9 .

For women workers, the greatest danger so far is murder. Forty--two percent of all 10 stores 12 who die at work were killed. Many of them work 11 clerks in

they are by themselves at night. Experts say they can protect 13 of the street.

themselves by putting the cash desk in full

The numbers of deaths and accidents at work don't take into people who become sick from Doctors don't know 16 15

14

that they are exposed to at work.

some chemicals cause illness.

There are no government rules for many new chemicals. Inspectors say employers 17 their backs on safety problems because

they don't want to pay the bill for fixing them. They also say some workers don't want to complain about dangers because they may 18 their jobs. 19

The government should force business to improve safety. There's no for workers dying or 1. A. in 2. A. safest tiring 3. A. flying 4. A. Officers Employees 5. A. give 6. A. saved 7. A. use 8. A. to 9. A. as a result 10. A. adults 11. A. for B. offer B. hit B. make B. by B. though B. youths B. as C. pay C. shot C. obey C. from C. at last C. men C. like D. buy D. killed D. take D. at B. making B. Workers C. driving C. Employers 20 B. at in an accident that could have been prevented. C. on

D. during D. most

B. most dangerous C. easiest

D. riding D.

D. therefore D. women D. to

12. A. which 13. A. view scenery 14. A. thought consideration 15. A. machines 16. A. because even if 17. A. give 18. A. lose 19. A. need excuse 20. A. injuring

B. that B. look

C. where C. scene

D. why D.

B. mind

C. thinking

D.

B. chemicals B. when

C. air C. if

D. work D.

B. turn B. miss B. reason

C. show C. give up C. time

D. refuse D. save D.

B. being injured

C. be injuring

D. be injured

5

How do you draw the interest of a 4,500 kilogram elephant? You hit the elephant with a big California. But is that a 2 way to treat the big, friendly animals? 3 . Some I , according to a zoo director in

How zoos treat their elephants has led to a scientific scientists complain that zoos use 4

force to train the huge animals and get

them

5

control.

There are about 400 elephants in North American zoos, and wild animal parks. The 6 animals with their big trunks and ears and tusks delight children 8 hasn't 9 when an elephant has picked

and 7 smiles from adults.

up a peanut quickly with its trunk from a trainer? But elephants aren't in zoos just for entertainment. Elephants are in Asia and Africa, and being raised in American zoos may be them 12. Elephants are different from most other zoo animals because they must be in touch with humans who take care of their feet, and be dominant(支配的). An elephant wants to control the contrary. Elephant keepers must make the animals obey them attacked by the elephants. But some scientists are 16 that keepers are using too much 17 18 15 they may be 13 14 an elephant wants to , not on the 11 10 to keep

and are injuring elephants. Several zoos have recently been looked into people said elephants were beaten with heavy sticks. Scientists are 19 zoos how to make elephants behave without

20

them. If they succeed, children will be entertained by elephants for many more generations. 1. A. sword 2. A. cruel B. knife B. kind C. whip C. surprising D. stick D. funny

3. A. research 4. A. very much 5. A. under 6. A. stupid 7. A. draw 8. A. Anyone 9. A. attracted 10. A. dying small 11. A. important 12. A. lively 13. A. that 14. A. keeper director 15. A. so that therefore 16. A. eager surprised 17. A. strength force 18. A. because 19. A. showing

B. discussion B. too much B. in B. heavy B. give B. Whoever B. smiled B. scarce

C. argument C. much too C. out of C. cruel C. show C. Anyone who C. be happy C. short

D. quarrel D. enough D. to D. fast D. turn D. Who D. caught D.

B. necessary B. living B. because B. others

C. impossible C. lovely C. / C. animals

D. improper D. alive D. then D. zoo

B. or

C. and

D.

B. worried

C. delighted

D.

B. energy

C. power

D.

B. since B. explaining

C. now that C. asking D.

D. so

considering 20. A. blaming punishing B. injuring C. scolding D.

6

Foods quickly spoil and break down if they are not stored

1

. Heat and 2

damp encourage increase in micro--organisms(微生物的), and sunlight can vitamins in such food as milk. Therefore, dark and dry place. Some foods 4 bad quickly, such as meat, eggs and milk. They should 3 foods should be stored in a cool,

be stored in a temperature of 5'C~10'C. In this temperature range, the activity of micro-organisms is 5 . 6 in a fridge or in the

In warm climates, this temperature can be kept underground basement of a house.

Dry goods, such as flour and rice, should be kept at a slightly

7

temperature than foods that go bad quickly. A temperature of 15'C is ideal(理想的). In Britain and northern European countries this means that the room in which dry foods are stored should also be well 8 the general heating of the house. The room should 10 of

9 and, above all, dry. Damp very quickly causes the

the green molds. These molds often grow on cheese if it is not stored properly. Fruits and vegetables need cool and damp 11 . Therefore, an

underground basement usually

12

an excellent storage place. If the central , it will not be ideal unless the unit and the

heating unit is in the basement, 13 pipes do not give out any 14 .

Foodstuffs do not break down quickly. If correctly

15

, they should keep

for quite long periods of time. Thus, salt and sugar will keep for about two years; tinned meat goods, 16 beef and chicken, for about eighteen months; flour

and other dry goods, for about a year. Freezing the foodstuffs that spoil easily preserves (保存) them for much longer 17 is otherwise possible. But 19 for ever. As a 20 18 rule,

frozen foods do not keep their food value or their

meat should be cooked and eaten within a year after it is frozen; fish , within six to ten months; fruits and vegetables, with three to six months. 1. A. coolly 2. A. destroy 3. A. all 4. A. become 5. A. reduced shortened 6. A. usually 7. A. taller 8. A. choose refuse 9. A. aired B. cleaned C. decorated D. emptied B. seldom B. higher B. enjoy C. forever C. lower C. share D. only D. lighter D. B. correctly B. cause B. most B. get B. raised C. exactly C. harm C. each C. go C. lessened D. D. freshly D. hurt D. both ID. turn

10. A. appearance 11. A. conditions surroundings 12. A. gets 13. A. therefore 14. A. noises 15. A. storing 16. A. like 17. A. as 18. A. ever 19. A. taste 20. A. usual common

B. growth B. situations

C. development C. affairs

D. increase D.

B. becomes B. besides B. heat B. being stored B. for example B. than B. even B. size B. ordinary

C. creates C. however C. smoke C. stored C. that is C. so C. just C. price C. general

D. makes D. then D. light D. store D. as D. that D. some D. shape D.

7 Most of us can remember the days when we didn?t use e-mail as an everyday vehicle for communication. Slowly but surely, it crept into is a 37 36 . E-mail

tool for college students at any level. It?s available 24 hours a day, 7 38 at holidays. Most universities assign students an 39 there is usually not even an option involved. 40 you

days a week and

account upon entrance,

You can do everything from consulting on homework and projects, classmates, family and friends, and getting daily news services to 41

informed of world

42

. But, what are the 43 44

?

E-mail can be e-jail. You might 45

hours writing and responding to e-mail 46 , you

you should be busy with the books for an upcoming exam. 47

might be signed up for so many daily services, or personals, that your mailbox is so 48 e-mails through your box might take hours. If you?re a student, 50

horoscopes, news services, 49

“junk mail”, that finding the

is precious. Create and organize your e-mail

folders into important school- related mail, correspondence with friends and family, and a folder for jokes, horoscopes, and other news services. most important e-mails first and, 53 52 51 attend to the

you have time, you can get to the others.

your friends from forwarding those tiresome joke lists, sex quizzes, and 54 you?ve got one, delete it 55 so you

chain e-mails. The minute you won?t be tempted to read it. 36.A. the life 37.A. valuable 38.A. even 39.A. but that 40.A. keeping touch with keeping in touch with 41.A. keeping 42.A. accidents B. keep B. us life

C. our lives C. favorable C. ever C. because

D. us lives D. usable D. yet D. except

B. changeable B. sitll B. so

B. getting in touch to C. losing touch with

D.

C. leaving C. events

D. leave D. things

B. incidents

43.A. advantages B. mistakes disadvantages 44.A. spend 45.A. for 46.A. Otherwise 47.A. such as 48.A. full up with 49.A. important 50.A. money 51.A. Sometimes 52.A. if 53.A. Encourage 54.A. examine 55.A. later B. cost B. because B. Or

C. wrongs

D.

C. take C. since C. But

D. pay D. when D. However D. so as

B. such like C. for example B. filled up of B. necessary B. mark B. Always C. Almost C. since

C. filled up with D. full with C. practical C. grade D. Usually D. because D. possible D. time

B. although B. Watch B. check up B. immediately

C. Discourage D. Refuse C. find C. after D. realize D. soon

8

People who speak or perform before the public sometimes may suffer from "Stage Fright". Stage fright makes a person one's mind go lank and forget 3 1 . In that 2 it can make

one ought to say, or to act. Actors,

musicians, dancers, lawyers, even radio show hosts suffered from stage fright at one time or 4 .

Diana Nichols is an expert in helping people

5

from stage fright at a 6 themselves.

medical center in New York City. She helps actors learn to Miss Nichols says some people have always been 7

to perform before the 8 experience. 9 going

audience. Others, she says, develop stage fright after a(n)

She offers them ways to control the fear. One way is to smile onto the stage. Taking two deep breaths you 11 control of your body. Miss Nichols 12 10

helps. Deep breathing helps

her patients to tell themselves that their speech or 13 . It's 14 to make a mistake. She

performance does not have to be

tells them they should not be too nervous while they are performing. It is important that they should continue to perform while she is 15 them. After each 16 helped and

performance, they discuss what happened and find out what what did not. 17

they perform more and more, they will fear less and less as

much as 50%. Miss Nichols says the aim is only to reduce stage fright, not to smooth it away more careful, and 1. A. joyful hopeless 2. A. case condition 3. A. when whether B. what C. how D. B. mood C. sense D. 18 20 . This is 19 a little stage fright makes a person

the performance. C. nervous D.

B. anxious

4. A. two other 5. A. away absent 6. A. cure 7. A. satisfied surprised 8. A. tearful disappointed 9. A. after 10. A. usually sometimes 11. A. get 12. A. helps 13. A. perfect pleasant 14. A. sure 15. A. telling 16. A. people measures 17. A. As 18. A. practically

B. other

C. another

D. the

B. free

C. far

D.

B. control B. happy

C. hold C. afraid

D. protect D.

B. unforgettable

C. amazing

D.

B. while B. hardly

C. during C. also

D. before D.

B. make B. persuades B. fine

C. take C. orders C. good

D. have D. shows D.

B. pitiful B. arranging B. advice

C. unnecessary C. helping C. words

D. all right D. teaching D.

B. While B. easily

C. When C. completely

D. Until D. really

19. A. why 20. A. increases

B. that B. improves

C. since C. hurts

D. because D. puts on

9

Jimmy was good at breaking safes open. He was and put in __2 3

1

by the police

for ten months. When he was set free, he made up his mind to

breaking safes and live in another town. He changed his name to Ralph 4 a shoe store. Soon everyone in the town 5 6 Mr. with Mr.

Spencer and

Spencer. Business was good, and by the end of the year he made

Adams and his daughter. Mr. Spencer and Annabel loved each other. One day Annabel, her father, her married sister, and Mr. Spencer were Mr. Spencer had his bag of 8 7 in the bank. them

with him. He has planning to 9

away that day. The bank had a new safe with a special "Look at that safe, "said Mr. Adams. "Now it's open, 11

10 controlled by a clock. if you shut it, you can't 12

open it till the planned time. Annabels sister's two little children were playing the safe. Suddenly one of them got into the safe, and the other There was a cry from the women. Mr. Adams could not. "My child!" cried the children's mother. "She'll die. Open the door. 15 14 13

the door.

to open the door, but he

it open. Please get her out. "Annabel turned to Mr. Spencer. There was some 16 in her eyes. A woman 17 that the man whom she loves can do

anything. Mr. Spencer

18

his tools out of the bag. Soon he began to 20

19

on the door. He forgot that he was Mr. Spencer. He was Jimmy again.

ten minutes the door of the safe was open. The child was safe in her mother's arms. 1. A. shot 2. A. prison 3. A. begin 4. A. started 5. A. hated 6. A. shoes 7. A. working 8. A. money 9. A. put 10. A. bottom 11. A. as B. held B. hospital B. stop B. made B. forced B. goods B. stealing B. tools B. keep B. side B. but C. caught C. hotel C. continue C. built C. calmed C. friends C. talking C. clothes C. move C. door C. even C. at the end of C. closed C. worked C. Keep C. hope C. says C. pushed D. touched D. station D. remain D. set D. liked D. safes D. robbing D. shoes D. throw D. key D. only D. in front of D. turned off D. thought D. Let D. light D. thinks D. used

12. A. in the front of B. in charge of 13. A. opened 14. A. managed 15. A. Break 16. A. tear 17. A. proves 18. A. took B. played B. tried B. Tear B. water B. knows B. led

19. A. turn 20. A. For

B. knock B. In

C. work C. Before

D. operate D. Until

10

More than 3,000 years ago, a forests of 2

1

called the Maya settled in the rain 3 years men 4 out of

is now the country of Guatemala. In the

went to live on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. They built great stone. More than 800 Mayan cities have been Yucatan Peninsula. A very outstanding thing in Guatemala are the 6 5

in Guatemala and the

. People from all

over the world come to see these buildings every year. At the center of each Mayan city was a very high temple. It was 7 Steep 8 were cut into the stone leading 9 like a pyramid with a flat base. to altar at the top. The temples

were made of very said that this can be

10__ material. It shone brightly in the sunshine. Many people 11__ to the religious temples like Bangkok. Mayan people

12 their religious ceremonies there every year. The Mayan people love their temples. They were also very fine stone cutters. They carved many beautiful statues of their gods and their They also carved large 14 calendars for their temples. 13 of life.

The Mayan people learned many important things and became good astronomers. They became excellent mathematicians. It was learned that they

used mathematics in solving the building of these temples. They used maths 1200 years 15 16 as the it was used in Europe. The calendar they put up on the temple is as 17 we use today. 18 peacefully until about the year 1100. Then the

Mayan society

Maya were conquered by another people from central and southern Mexico. The temples were partly 20 19 by the invaders(入侵者). This was really a big

. The invaders were the Toltec. B. man B. which B. past B. houses B. completed B. cities C. troop C. that C. following C. castles C. seen C. buildings D. village D. what D. latest D. cities D. rebuilt D. stone

1. A. people 2. A. where 3. A. last 4. A. buildings 5. A. found 6. A. temples calendars 7. A. cut 8. A. ladders buildings 9. A. up 10. A. beautiful 11. A. compared replaced 12. A. gave

B. shaped B. hills

C. made C. steps

D. drawn D.

B. down B. precious B. used

C. into C. ordinary C. similar

D. over D. bright D.

B. held

C. announced

D.

congratulated 13. A. means 14. Pt. gold 15. A. before 16. A. correct 17. A. that 18. A. kept 19. A. built down 20. A. surprise B. fun C. pity D. help B. manner B. silver B. when B. exact B. it B. lasted B. repaired C. way C. stone C. after C. useful C. one C. remained C. destroyed D. road D. wood D. as D. good D. this D. held D. fell

11

That was the morning, when John, 14--year--old, was to begin his duck shooting. He had gun and had 3 2 1 the whole idea ever since his father had bought him a

him a trip to this island, but he loved his father and wanted to , he took a

him. They came to the beach. To ease(减轻) the sense of 4 5

picture of his father. Then he put the camera aside and said 6

the gun. His father

, "I've been waiting a long time for this day. I'll let you shoot. ' He

leaned forward, eyes narrowed." There is a small flight(飞翔的一群)now. Keep your head down; I'll give you the word. ' John's heart was 7 wildly. "No, don't let them come, please!" But they

came, closer, closer... "Now, take them!' cried his father. John felt his body He stood up, leaned into the gun the way his father taught him. In the same

8

distance, the ducks saw the gunners and flared wildly. For a second he hung there and balanced between life and death. There was no sound. John stood seizing the gun. "What happened? Why didn't you shoot?" his father said in a controlled voice. The boy didn't answer. His lips were trembling. "Because they were so 10 ." He said and burst into tears. He sat down, face 12 11 in his hands and 13 and he 9 ,

wept. All hope of pleasing his father was failed. 14 again." John didn't

. He had his

a moment his father was silent. And then he said, "Let's try 15 his hands. "It's no use. I can't. ' 16 !' Cold metal touched John. He looked

"Hurry, you'll miss him. up, 17

. His father was handing the camera to him and said softly." Quick!"

John stood up and pressed his shutter release button in a flash. "I got him." His face was 18 19 in his father's eyes, only pride and love.

John saw there was no

"I'll always love shooting. But that doesn't mean you could. Sometimes it takes as much 20 not to do a thing as to do it." He paused. "I think you could teach

me how to operate that machine." 1. A. enjoyed preferred B. envied C. hated D.

2. Pt. allowed permitted 3. A. please 4. A. hatred 5. A. broke up 6. A. happily hurriedly 7. A. shaking jumping 8. A. do follow 9. A. silent 10. A. far 11. A. put 12. A. lost leaving 13. A. chance advantage 14. A. In 15. A. raise up 16. A. Here

B. promised

C. suggested

D.

B. surprise B. pleasure B. picked up B. angrily

C. excite C. shock C. got up C. tiredly

D. interest D. fear D. put up D.

B. beating

C. hitting

D.

B. obey

C. move

D.

B. quiet B. lovely B. placed B. missing

C. calm C. small C. buried C. gone

D. still D. brave D. laid D.

B. ability

C. problem

D.

B. After I3. lower

C. For C. leave

D. During D. give

B. Give you

C. For you

D. Take it

17. A. unhappy 18. A. red 19. A. pain 20. A. time

B. unbelieving B. excited

C. unnoticed C. bright

D. untouched D. pale D. happiness D. care

B. disappointment C. fun B. energy C. courage

12

A boy walked along Carver Street, singing a sad song. He walked with his head down. Once he looked up and noticed the sign across the empty street, painted on the side of an old house. On the sign a big woman with yellow hair and a five--mile smile held out a big bottle. "Coca--Cola. Drink Coca--Cola, "the sign said. “Boy!” the silence was cut by a sudden cry. He turned around quickly to see who had called. An old woman was standing at her door. "You boy! Come here this minute" Slowly the boy 1 onto the cold flat stones leading to the old 2 out her hand and

woman's house. When he arrived at her house, she wrapped(缠住) her 3 old fingers around his arm. 4

"Help me inside, boy", she said. "Help me name?" "Joseph, "he said.

to my bed. What's your

The old woman on the bed tried to elbow(肘). Water Joseph feel 7. 6 .

5

up, raising herself on her

from her eyes and mouth. The sight of her made

"I'm dying, Joseph. You can see that, can't you? I want you to write a for me. There's paper and pencil on the table there." Joseph looked down at the 9 , and then looked out the window. He

8

saw the sign again.. "Coca--Cola. Drink Coca--Cola." "I want my silver pin to 10 to my daughter." 11 the pencil slowly

Joseph bent his small body over the table and across the paper.

"There's my Bible(圣经),"the old woman said. "That's for my daughter, too. I want a too. That's the last 13 of a poor old woman. ' 12 Christian burial(基督葬礼) with lots of singing. Write that down,

The boy labored over the paper. Again he looked out the window. "Here. Bring it here so I can Joseph found the Bible, and, bed. " 16 14 15 it." the paper inside, laid it next to the

me now, boy,' she sighed. "I'm tired. '

He ran out of the house. Pt cold wind Mew through the 17 window, but the old woman on

the bed 18 nothing. She was dead. The paper in the Bible moved back and forth in the wind. 19 on the paper were some childish letters. They 20 the words:

"Coca-Cola. Drink Coca--Cola." 1. A. rushed 2. A. reached pointed 3. A. firm 4. A. back ahead 5. A. sit wake 6. A. rolled ran 7. A. iii funny 8. A. letter message 9. A. table woman 10. A. send come 11. A. moved pulled 12. A. great B. merry C. splendid D. real B. drew C. used D. B. go C. belong D. B. pen C. paper D. B. note C. will D. B. sick C. unpleasant D. B. burnt C. burst D. B. get C. stand D. B. smooth B. over C. dry C. away D. fresh D. B. struggled B. let C. hurried C. pushed D. stepped D.

13. A. hope 14. A. sign copy 15. A. setting 16. A. Hold Pardon 17. A. large pretty 18. A. did 19. A. Described Written 20. A. formed repeated

B. chance B. read

C. opinion C. remember

D. wish D.

B. hiding B. Leave

C. placing C. Excuse

D. laying D.

B. open

C. small

D.

B. saw B. Printed

C. felt C. Recorded

D. knew D.

B. spelled

C. organized

D.

13

Specialists say that it is not easy to shock " is 2

1

life in a new culture. "Culture 3 that

these specialists use when talking about

people have in a

4 environment. There are three stages of culture shock ,

say the specialists. In the first stage , the newcomers like their new environment. Then , when the fresh experience the city, the country , the people , and 6 5 ,they begin to hate

else. In the last stage ,the

newcomers begin to life more.

7

to their surroundings and ,as a result ,enjoy their

There are some obvious factors in culture shock . The weather may be unpleasant. The customs may be different . The public service systems -- -- the telephone, post office , or transportation most simple things 8 may be difficult to work out . The 9 10

be big problems. The language may be

Who feels culture shock? Everyone does in this way or that .

culture shock surprises most people. Very often the people having the worst culture shock are were 12 11 never had any difficulties in their home countries and 13 , these people find 14 without a

in their community. Coming to a

they do not have the same established positions. They find role , almost without an identity. They have to 15

a new self--image.

Culture shock gives rise to a feeling of disorientation(迷失方向). This feeling may be homesickness . When homesick , people inside all the time . They want to protect themselves 17 16 staying

the strange 18 of

environment , and create an escape inside their room for a

security. This escape does solve the problem of culture shock for the short term ,but it does nothing to make the person 19 with the culture. Getting

to know the new environment and gaining experience these are the long --term 20 to the problem of culture shock. B. used to B. the situation C. get used to C. the expression D. live a D. the term

1. A. lead to 2. A. the name

3. A. the conditions preparations 4. A. difficult comfortable 5. A. damages changes 6. A. everything 7. A. study 8. A. seem to should 9. A. difficult uneasy 10. A. So 11. A. those who 12. A. successful unsuccessful 13. A. new school place 14. A. that themselves 15. A. build

B. the feelings

C. the contributions

D. the

B. pleasant

C. new

D.

B. dies

C. is disappeared

D.

B. something B. complain B. are

C. anything C. discuss C. must

D. nothing D. adjust D.

B.. easy

C. crazy

D.

B. But B. the persons

C. As if C. people

D. And D. those

B. satisfied

C. content

D.

B.. new city

C. new country

D. new

B. it

C. them

D.

B. make

C. buy

D. do

16. A. would like rather 17. A. for 18. A. sense entrance 19. A. pleased 20. A. gain gaining

B. feel like

C. prefer to

D. would

B. against B. help

C. with C. study

D. from D.

B. familiar B. to gain

C. busy C. have gained

D. fond D.

14

Scott and his companions were terribly disappointed. When they got to the South Pole, they found the Norwegians(挪威人)had be the first ever to reach it. After photograph of themselves 38 37 36 them in the race to

the British flag at the Pole, they took a

they started the 950-mile journey back. 39 and the joy and excitement about the 40 . The snow storms always made it to mark their way home. To make 43 the strongest of the five,

The journey was unexpectedly

Pole had gone out of them. The sun hardly impossible to sight the stones they had 41 things

42 . Evans, whom they had all thought of 44

fell badly into a deep hole in the ice. Having suddenly fell down and died. The four who were

along for several days, he

45 pushed on at the best speed they could

46 .

Captain Oates had been suffering for some time from his feet swelled(肿胀) so large that he could 48 morning, and he walked bravely although he was in great slowness was making it less likely that 50

47

fact; at night his

put his boots on the next 49 . He knew his

could save themselves. He asked

them to leave him behind in his sleeping-bag, but they refused, and helped him 51 a few more miles, until it was time to put up the The following morning, 53 52 for another night.

the other three were still in their sleeping-bags, he

said. “I am just going outside and may be 54 some time.” He was never seen again. He had walked out his companions. 36. A. hit 37. A. growing 38. A. after 39. A. safe 40. A. rose 41. A. taken up C. set up 42. A. easier 43. A. to 44. A. battled C. speeded 45. A. left B. fought B. putting B. until B. fast B. set B. cut up D. picked up B. better B. upon B. struggled D. waited B. lost C. defeated D. saved C. as C. bitter D. in D. worse C. won C. planting D. beaten D. laying D. before D. slow C. appeared D. disappeared 55 into the snow storm, hoping that his death would help

C. while C. short

46. A. manage B. try 47. A. ached B. frozen

C. employ C. harden C. seldom C. trouble

D. find D. harmed D. nearly

48. A. hardly B. never 49. A. pain 50. A. all others C. others 51. A. away 52. A. bed C. blanket 53. A. while 54. A. missed 55. A. patiently C. alone B. with B. tent D. sleeping-bag B. since B. separated B. lonely D. worriedly C. for B. fear

D. danger

B. some others D. the others C. off D. on

D. once C. passed D. gone

高中英语习惯用法汇总 【要点点拨】 1. It?s the first time that……….(从句中用现在完成时) It was for the first time that………(强调句, 对状语 for the first time 进行强调) It?s (high) time that……..(从句中用过去时或 should do) 2. It?s the same with sb. / So it is with sb.表示某人也如此(用于前句中既有 肯定又有否定或两个不同类的谓语动词) 3.…be about to do / be doing……when…….正要做/正在做……就在那时……. 4 A is twice / three times as +原级+as B A is twice / three times the n. of B. A is twice / three times +比较级+than B 5. It?s a waste of time / money doing / to do… It?s no use / good doing……… It?s possible / probable / (un) likely that………. It makes great / no sense to do……做某事很有/没意义 6. There?s no use / good doing…….

There?s no sense / point (in) doing…… There is no need for sth. / to do……. There is (no) possibility that…………(同位语从句) 7.The+比较级…….., the+比较级………越…….., 越……. 注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时; 8. It seems / appears ( to sb. ) that sb…….在某人看来某人……… .= Sb. seems / appears to be / to do / to be doing / to have done…….. It seems / looks as if……….好象/似乎…….. 9.It (so) happened that sb. ……..某人碰巧…….. = Sb. happened to be / to do / to be doing / to have done….. 10.It is said / thought / believed / hoped / supposed …….that sb……… =Sb. is said to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……….(注意:这种句型 里如带动词 hope 则不能变成简单句,因为无 hope sb. to do 结构) 12 …….such…….that…….如此…….以致于(引导结果状语从句) …….such……..as……像……..的这种……(as 为关系代词,引导定语 从句,在从句里充当主、宾、表) 13. Do you mind if I do sth.? / Would you mind if I did sth.? 14. The chance is that……../ (The )Chances are that……….很可能……. 15.Check / Make sure / See to it / See that……..(从句中常用一般现在时) 确信/务必…….. 16. depend on it that……..取决于 see to it that…….负责/设法做到……. 注意:除了 except / but / in 等介词可以直接接 that 从句,其它介词后必 须用 it 做形式宾语; 17. It is / was +介词短语/ 从句/ 名词/代词等+that……… How / When / Where / Why is / was it that………..? 注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词时,还可用 who 连 接;强调主语时,从句后的谓语动词应与前面的主语保持一致;注意 与定语从句的区别) 18 .How is it that……..(这几个句型都表示“怎么会…….?” “怎么发生 的?”) How come+从句? How does / did sth. come about? ( How did it come about that…….?) 如:How come you are late again? 19. There seems / appears / happens to be / must be / can?t be / is (are, was, were) said to be / is (are, was, were) thought to be……. 表示 “.似乎有/碰巧有/一定有/不可能有/ 据说有/认为有……..” 介词(如 of )there being want / wish / expect there to be 要/希望/期待有…….. adj. / adv. enough for there to be…….足够…….会有……. 注意:there being / there to be 为 there be 的非谓语形式;It is said / thought that there is / are……=There is / was / are / were said (thought) to be……. 如: I have never dream of there being such a good chance for me. It won?t be cold enough for there to be a frost tonight. 20. 疑问词+插入语+陈述语序? Who do you think he?ll have attend the meeting? 21. But for + n. / pron., sb. / sth. would (not) have done…..要不是……., 某人 早就……(表示虚拟语气)=If it had not been for…..,……./ If there had not been ……., …….. 22. It won(?t) be long before +从句 (从句中用一般现在时) 不久/很久就 要……. It was (not) long before+从句(从句中用一般过去时)不久/很久

才…….. 23. Those who………….(从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式). Anyone who…………= Whoever………..(从句及主句中谓语动词用单 数形式) 24…….主句(一般现在时或过去时)…...when 从句….(might / should do 或 might / should have done) 表示”对比”,意思为 “本该……(可)而却”,主句中为 陈述语气,从句里为虚拟语气,如: Why are you here when you should be in school?你本该上学的怎么在这儿? He stopped trying when he might have succeeded .本该已成功了他却停止努 力了. 25. There is ./ Sb. have no doubt that………(同位语从句,that 不可省略) There is / Sb. have some doubt whether……..(同位语从句不可用 if) Sb. doubt if / whether……. Sb. don?t doubt that……… 26 . immediately / directly / instantly / the moment +从句 on / upon + n. / doing No sooner had sb. done than …….(过去时) Hardly had sb. done when……..(过去时) 注意:这几个结构都表示“一…….就”; 27. every time / each time / the last time / the first time / next time +从句 (名 词性短语引导一个时间状语 句) anywhere / everywhere +从句(相当于 wherever 引导的地点状语 从句) You can go anywhere you like. Next time you come, please bring your son along. 28.If only / I wish +从句(用过去类时态) 表示虚拟语气, “要是…….就好 了” “但愿……就好了!” 29 .Considering + n. 或 pron. 或 that 从句 / Seeing that……….考虑到/鉴 于……. Given + n. / pron 作状语,表示 “在有……的情况下” “如果有” “假定”, 有时也表示”考虑到” Seeing (that) he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should help him now. Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year. Given their inexperience / that they are inexperienced, they?ve done a good job. 30.There was a time when…….曾经有那么一度………. 31.other than 与 no, not, none 等否定词连用,表示肯定意思,如: It was none other than Mr. Smith.这正是 Smith 先生. 32. Not until…….did / do/ does / will sb. do…… It was / is not until ……that sb……… 33.It?s (un) like sb. to do / to have done……做某事很像某人/ 做某事可不像 某人 34.It remains to be seen Wh--words ……..是否…….还有待于看.(不用 that, if 作 连接词) 35.It only remains for sb. to do……剩下的只是要某人做某事. We?ve got everything ready. It only remains for you to come to dinner. 36.One moment……., and now………刚才一会儿还在做……而现在却…….. 37.Not all / both / everyone………表示部分否定 38. Such is / are……..这(些)就是…….(谓语动词单复数由后面名词决定) 39. I?d rather (not) do / have done……我宁愿….. I?d rather +从句(从句中用过去时或过去完成时)

基本上不看短文内容仅看选项,2010 年高考有人竟然过了 100 分! 高考有没有瞬间大幅度提分的可能? 谁能让你不用花很多时间和心思学习,英语就能提高至少 20-30 分?要是真的话,简直是白捡的分数!不仅如此,当你了解了高考真 题答案的所有内幕规律,看到了绝密的解题招式,就会豁然开朗。哇! 原来也可以这么做题!你的思路因此将会被彻底打通,提高的分数将 不仅仅是 20-30 分!无论现在的英语成绩是 60 分,还是 110 分,任何 人都可以做到!这些绝密招式是太简单、太震撼了!所以,如果你看 到了,切勿告诉他人,否则,他们会在高考中轻松超过你! 请注意 ! 如果你不相信这世上有考试秘诀,请立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你习惯于按照传统思路做题,不希望有思维上的突破,请你 立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你现在的成绩已接近满分,甚至已是满分,请你立即将您的 眼睛离开; 如果你患有心理疾病或心脏病,请您立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你选择留下来,那么接下来的事,很可能让你目瞪口呆! 如果我告诉你 N 个秘诀,在做完形填空和阅读理解题时,不用看 文章和题干,只是简单的比较四个选项,就能瞬间选出正确答案,你 是否想看? 请先看下面的例子,它是辽宁卷 2010 年真题的第 36 题,是一个 完形填空题. 在此我只列出它的四个选项,试试看,只是比较选项,你 是否能够在 3 秒之内选出正确答案? 36. A. worried B. sad C. surprised D. nervous 正确答案是 C, ABD 都是一个人状态不好的倾向词,而 C 则为中性 词,表述态度不一致者是答案。.如果你知道了这个秘诀,可以解决很 多类似的完型填空题! 看一下辽宁卷 2010 年完形填空真题的第 52 题: 52. A. Largely B. Generally C. Gradually D. Probably 正确答案是 C, ABD 都是含义不肯定的副词,排除表述不明确的选 项,答案就水落石出了. 如果你知道了这个秘诀,你更是可以解决很多 类似的完型填空题! 试想一下,知道了全部 36 个完形秘诀之后,您的分 数会怎么样呢? 请再看下面的例子,它是辽宁卷 2010 年真题阅读理解题的第 56 题,在此我只写出它的题干和四个选项.也试试看,只是比较选项,你 是否能够在 5 秒之内选出正确答案? 56. From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers .

A.worked very hard for centuries B.dreamed of having a better life C.were poor but somewhat content D.lived a different life from their forefathers 正确答案是 C, 选项中表述的内容前后相互矛盾的是答案! 思路 很简单,如果你掌握了其中的秘诀,抛开文章,你也可以很快选出正 确答案. 掌握此类瞬间解题秘诀,不仅缩短了答题时间,还能保障近 乎 100%的准确率!请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家 教吴军"查询! 吴军英语高分密码,让您第一次课就提 10 分!20 次课提 25-62 分! 模棱两可处和看不懂,该怎么办? 要知道,如果对文章似懂非懂,那么,在文章中寻找答案线索就 像大海捞针一样的难,更谈不上做对题!吴军英语高分密码将会告诉你 此类瞬间解题秘诀,帮助你辨识选项中的诸多暗示点,瞬间找出正确答 案,或者瞬间排除错误选项.请记住!在英语完型填空和阅读理解题的选 项中,从头到尾都充满了暗示点,善于利用这些暗示点,可以快速做对 题! 无论任何人,在考试中,总会遇到吃不准选项的题,或可以称之 为不会做的“难题”,那么, 如果遇到“难题”, 你会怎办?是放弃?不可能, 怎么着也要“猜”出一个答案!那么,是“瞎猜”吗?如果是“瞎猜”,其正确 率仅是 25%,是可想而知的低!那么,如何“猜”才能有高的准确率呢? 如果我告诉你 N 个秘诀,让你在做“难题”时, 猜出的答案的准确率由 25% 提高至 95%,甚至是 100%,你愿意继续看下去吗? 35. A. eat up B. deal with C. throw away D. send out 35 题在 B 和 C 模棱两可处到底选哪个? 当然选范围大的,能包括另 一个的,即选 B. 再举个例子,假如 2010 年辽宁卷高考英语完形填空的 47 题,不知 选哪个, 怎么办? As I found out, there is, 46 , often no perfect equivalence(对 应)between two 47 in two languages. My aunt even goes so far as to 48 that a Chinese “equivalent” can never give you the 49 meaning of a word in English! 47. A. words B. names C. ideas D. characters 很简单,选 A,勿须有任何的犹豫,为什么?复现法则! 吴军英语高分密码会告诉你具体原因以及更多的解决“难题”的秘 诀,都是非常的简单和直接.请记住!遇到“难题”,即使“猜”答案,也要“猜”

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只学习 5-10 次课,英语成绩就提高了 30 多分! 能接触到吴军老师《英语高分密码》的人太幸运了!如何把握中 心,猜测题意,一听就会!融会贯通,举一反三!沈阳 83 中高二的金 柏岑同学来时成绩是 82 分, 2010 年学习 5 次课后的期末成绩为 108 分; 现就读于沈阳 4 中高二文科班的胡兢元同学来时成绩是 91 分, 13 次课 后的期末成绩为 125 分; 现就读于皇姑区沈阳 10 中高一的高雅慧同学 来时成绩是 90 分左右, 2010 年高一下学期期中考试的成绩为 127 分;现 就读于沈阳东北育才高中本部高二的戴冠宇同学来时成绩是 107 分,学 习后的成绩稳定在 125-140 分之间, 最好成绩是由倒数到班里前 6 名。 2010 年沈阳中考距离满分竟然只差了 7 分! 2010 届杏坛中学初三 6 班的周千会同学(女) 2010 年沈阳市铁西 , 区一模才 120 分左右,其中一大半还是?懵?来的。跟吴军老师学习 3-4 次后,自己很快找到了英语学习的感觉,好像一下子容易了很多,二 模考了 135 分。10 次课后,中考距离满分竟然只差了七分,考了 143 分。她说没想到她的最高纪录竟然创造在 2010 年沈阳中考中!

请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 2010 中考冲刺,没想到效果居然这么好! 2010 届 43 中学初三 13 班的李圣同学(男) ,初三后成绩与其他同 学突然拉大,成绩一直在 80 分左右,很少达到及格线 90 分,对自己 没有信心,对英语家教更是排斥。跟吴军老师学习 20 次后,虽与好学 生还有 5-7 分的差距,但又找到了初一前十名时的感觉。2010 年沈阳 中考虽然发挥不算理想 (非选择手写部分基础不好) 也达到了 129 分! , 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 英语一对一家教授课内容 单项选择 13 条经典实战技巧,助你避开语法的干扰轻松得高分; 完型填空 11 个重要特点,10 种判断技巧,彻底解决一错错一串、发挥不 稳定两大难题; 阅读理解 9 大要点,9 种提高方法轻松解决 做题慢准确率低等难题; 短文改错 6 大应试策略,6 大提高方法让你拿分如探囊取物; 书面表达 “黄金写作模型”,精辟独到的讲解,写出让阅卷老师无可挑剔 的高分作文! 以下情况不能提分: 单词量要达到初二牛津 8B 水平 (目标高考分数是 70-95 分) 初二 , 牛津 9B 水平(目标高考分数是 95-115 分) ,当次见效(通过现场实战 做题,题也可以自己带,明显感觉提了 8-10 分) ,一般 8-20 次课达到目 标!什么也不会(连羊 sheep 和睡觉 sleep 都分不清就别浪费家里的钱 了) ,家里有钱也没用,”神”也帮不了你! 心里形成强烈“自己不行”思维定势,不能迅速扭转的,应先找 心理医生或另寻他法; 一模 40 分,二模 50 分以上可以来,30 分左右的得包 5-8 天,费用得 1.5 万起,否则拒访! 不走心,每次课都没有问题,甚至连给的课后专项题或语境化词汇

题都不做的, 拒访!非要学可以,成绩变化不大,就别来找我! 仅上 3-5 次课就想提 30-50 分的别来,当次课提分是因为阅读或完形 有了技巧性突破,但考点还没系统化,所以只能提 10-15 分. 提 30-50 分不 是 3-5 次而是包 3-5 天! 他的诚信宣言: 1.我只能帮助孩子提高英语分数,而不能提高孩子基本功! 2.现成绩 125 分以上的同学,建议不要参加。因为他们只有 10~15 分的提分空间,性价比不合适! 3.听完 1 小时内不满意,保证不问原因、不问理由、无条件地、全 额退费!超过了,则按一课收取。讲课当中或讲完后,提供试题或自 己带题,马上答题验证!再于下次补交 10-20 次的费用,3 课内不满意 可以退回未上课的所有费用, 因用大量时间为您的孩子做个性化教案, 故 3 课后恕不退还!本承诺已坚持了四年半! 4.保分”需要过程,中考高考结束后才能验证,到时就算退回了学费 也买不回来孩子的时间和未来。Peter 高分英语“立竿见影”当次课见效! 每次课后都可以拿高考真题和你的期中/末考题来验证高分教案,答的 正确率高或方法好使,就可以证明我们的教案有效!一般情况下,85 分以上来的,都能在 6-20 课内提到 105-135 分。2009-2010 年(吴军亲 授的学生)高考 130 分以上的有 39 人,3 个月内提高了 50-70 分的有 17 人。请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 40. It?s important / necessary / strange / surprising….+that……(用陈述语气或 should do) 41. I like / hate / appreciate it that / when 等从句 (it 表示后面从句的这种情 况) I appreciate it if you will give me a hand. 42. By the time +从句(一般现在时/过去时) ,主句(将来完成时/过去完 成时) 43………., as is often the case with sb. / as is usual with sb.(as 引导非限制性定 语从句) 44 in case / lest / for fear that…….(从句中用陈述语气或 should do) 45.While 置于句首可表示 As long as 或 Although While there is life there is hope.

While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones. 46. can not ( never) ……too +adj. (adv. ) / adj. (adv.) + enough “越……越 好”“非常” too + adj. ( anxious / eager / willing / ready / glad 等)+to do….表示肯定 意思 I can?t thank you enough.我非常感激你. He was too glad to see his father.=He was very glad to see his father. 47. not / neve 等表示否定的词与比较级连用表示最高级,如: -----Do you agree with his suggestion? -------I can?t agree more. 48. What if……..要是…….怎么办? What if he doesn?t come tomorrow? 49. more……..than 与其…….不如…….. He is more nervous than frightened. 50. It is / has been +一段时间+since 从句(从句中如为延续性动词,则实际 表示的意思相反) It is two years since he drank.他不喝酒已两年了. 【各个击破】 1. Mr. Smith didn?t understand ______ made his son so upset this morning. A. what was it B. why it was this C. how that was D. what it was that 2. -----Did you have a good sleep last night? ----Yes, never sleep _______. A. badly B. better C. worse D. best 3. We are only _____ glad to do anything we can _______ her. A. too; to help B. very; help C too; help D. very; helping 4. -----How come you are late for class again? -------_____________. A. Because I missed the bus B. By bus and then on foot C. Please excuse me D. It?s quite wrong 5. _______more than 3,000 languages in the world. A. There are thought to be B. There is thought to be C. They are thought to be D. It is thought to be 6. -----George is a wise person. -----But in my opinion, he is ______ than wise. A. cleverer B. braver C. more brave D. less brave 7. -----So can I ask you a few fairly straightforward questions about yourself? -----No problem. I like ________ when people are open and direct. A. that B. this C. it D. them 8. ----______I move the picture over here? ----I suppose it?ll look better. A. How if B. What about C. How about D. What if 9. China has produced ______ this year as it did in 2002. A. as twice much steel B. twice steel as much C. twice as much steel D. as much steel twice 10.-----_______was it ______ you discovered the secret of his? ------Totally by chance. A. How; when B. What; that C. What; when D. How; that 11.-----Who on earth could it be? ------It was _______ other than Clint Eastwood. A. none B. nothing C. not D. nobody 12._____his age, he did it quite well, so don?t ______ him any more. A Given; blame B. Considered; say C. To regard; scold D. Considering;

speak 13.No sooner _____ themselves in their seats in the theatre ______ the curtain went up. A. they have settled; before B. had they settled; than C. have they settled; when D. they had settled; than 14. -----Did you meet with the famous space hero, Yang Liwei? ------______I had come here earlier! A. If only B. If not C. But for D. For fear 15.The students expected __________ more reviewing classes before the final exams. A. it would be B. there being C. it to be D. there to be 16.Students shouldn?t be given so difficult a problem _____ they can not work out. A. that B. which C. while D. as 17. It was twelve o?clock at midnight _______ they arrived at a lonely village. A. that B. before C. since D. when 18.-----The exam wasn?t difficult, was it? ------No, but I don?t think ______could pass it. A. somebody B. anybody C. everybody D. nobody 19.-----I always take care when doing papers on the computer. -----You meant it! One can not be _______careful working on it. A. too B. very C. so D. quite 20.-----Is Miss White working these days? ------No. It is two months since she worked here. ------Oh,_____________? A. where is she working now B. would you please show me the way C. which is her office D. is she ill 基本上不看短文内容仅看选项,2010 年高考有人竟然过了 100 分! 高考有没有瞬间大幅度提分的可能? 谁能让你不用花很多时间和心思学习,英语就能提高至少 20-30 分?要是真的话,简直是白捡的分数!不仅如此,当你了解了高考真 题答案的所有内幕规律,看到了绝密的解题招式,就会豁然开朗。哇! 原来也可以这么做题!你的思路因此将会被彻底打通,提高的分数将 不仅仅是 20-30 分!无论现在的英语成绩是 60 分,还是 110 分,任何 人都可以做到!这些绝密招式是太简单、太震撼了!所以,如果你看 到了,切勿告诉他人,否则,他们会在高考中轻松超过你! 请注意 ! 如果你不相信这世上有考试秘诀,请立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你习惯于按照传统思路做题,不希望有思维上的突破,请你 立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你现在的成绩已接近满分,甚至已是满分,请你立即将您的 眼睛离开; 如果你患有心理疾病或心脏病,请您立即将您的眼睛离开; 如果你选择留下来,那么接下来的事,很可能让你目瞪口呆!

如果我告诉你 N 个秘诀,在做完形填空和阅读理解题时,不用看 文章和题干,只是简单的比较四个选项,就能瞬间选出正确答案,你 是否想看? 请先看下面的例子,它是辽宁卷 2010 年真题的第 36 题,是一个 完形填空题. 在此我只列出它的四个选项,试试看,只是比较选项,你 是否能够在 3 秒之内选出正确答案? 36. A. worried B. sad C. surprised D. nervous 正确答案是 C, ABD 都是一个人状态不好的倾向词,而 C 则为中性 词,表述态度不一致者是答案。.如果你知道了这个秘诀,可以解决很 多类似的完型填空题! 看一下辽宁卷 2010 年完形填空真题的第 52 题: 52. A. Largely B. Generally C. Gradually D. Probably 正确答案是 C, ABD 都是含义不肯定的副词,排除表述不明确的选 项,答案就水落石出了. 如果你知道了这个秘诀,你更是可以解决很多 类似的完型填空题! 试想一下,知道了全部 36 个完形秘诀之后,您的分 数会怎么样呢? 请再看下面的例子,它是辽宁卷 2010 年真题阅读理解题的第 56 题,在此我只写出它的题干和四个选项.也试试看,只是比较选项,你 是否能够在 5 秒之内选出正确答案? 56. From Paragragh 1 we learn that the villagers . A.worked very hard for centuries B.dreamed of having a better life C.were poor but somewhat content D.lived a different life from their forefathers 正确答案是 C, 选项中表述的内容前后相互矛盾的是答案! 思路 很简单,如果你掌握了其中的秘诀,抛开文章,你也可以很快选出正 确答案. 掌握此类瞬间解题秘诀,不仅缩短了答题时间,还能保障近 乎 100%的准确率!请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家 教吴军"查询! 吴军英语高分密码,让您第一次课就提 10 分!20 次课提 25-62 分! 模棱两可处和看不懂,该怎么办? 要知道,如果对文章似懂非懂,那么,在文章中寻找答案线索就 像大海捞针一样的难,更谈不上做对题!吴军英语高分密码将会告诉你 此类瞬间解题秘诀,帮助你辨识选项中的诸多暗示点,瞬间找出正确答 案,或者瞬间排除错误选项.请记住!在英语完型填空和阅读理解题的选 项中,从头到尾都充满了暗示点,善于利用这些暗示点,可以快速做对

题! 无论任何人,在考试中,总会遇到吃不准选项的题,或可以称之 为不会做的“难题”,那么, 如果遇到“难题”, 你会怎办?是放弃?不可能, 怎么着也要“猜”出一个答案!那么,是“瞎猜”吗?如果是“瞎猜”,其正确 率仅是 25%,是可想而知的低!那么,如何“猜”才能有高的准确率呢? 如果我告诉你 N 个秘诀,让你在做“难题”时, 猜出的答案的准确率由 25% 提高至 95%,甚至是 100%,你愿意继续看下去吗? 35. A. eat up B. deal with C. throw away D. send out 35 题在 B 和 C 模棱两可处到底选哪个? 当然选范围大的,能包括另 一个的,即选 B. 再举个例子,假如 2010 年辽宁卷高考英语完形填空的 47 题,不知 选哪个, 怎么办? As I found out, there is, 46 , often no perfect equivalence(对 应)between two 47 in two languages. My aunt even goes so far as to 48 that a Chinese “equivalent” can never give you the 49 meaning of a word in English! 47. A. words B. names C. ideas D. characters 很简单,选 A,勿须有任何的犹豫,为什么?复现法则! 吴军英语高分密码会告诉你具体原因以及更多的解决“难题”的秘 诀,都是非常的简单和直接.请记住!遇到“难题”,即使“猜”答案,也要“猜” 的有理有据,切勿盲目的“猜”! The moment he was about to 47 the hospital, he saw on the desk the 48 new book ,just as he had left it one 49 ago. 48. A much B still C hardly D quite 很简单,选 B,为什么?答案高频词汇倾向归纳让你笑逐颜开! 高频形容词 \ 副词: suddenly, even, finally, first, last, again, also, however, though, although, yet, instead, even though, but, still 等. 吴军英语高分密码真的有这么神奇吗?是!一点儿没错!效果是 绝对的真实!作为一种标准化考试,选择题本身是有很多缺陷的,这些 缺陷就是暗示点,就是解题的突破口!吴军英语高分密码通过对历年真 题的长时间的研究,对这些暗示点进行了全面、深入、细致的挖掘和 整理,将其转化为超级解题秘诀! 每一个秘诀的准确率都在 95%以上,甚至是 100% 吴军英语高分 密码,真正做到了立竿见影!甚至是一剑封喉!单选 280 个考点,42 个诀 窍; 阅读 16 大满分攻略; 完形 36 绝招; 七选五 6 大原则; 改错 36 个规 律;作文 4 大模板 6-8 页;不想考上一本、二本都很难!马上用吴军英语高 分密码对照历年所有的高考真题进行逐一的验证吧! 遇到吴军老师, 您太幸运了! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军

"查询! “当时学习,当时提分”的超实战家教! 抚顺 2 中的徐金良同学,来时成绩是 71 分左右, 2009 年高考成绩为 117 分;沈阳 4 中的刘洪鹏同学 来时成绩是 46 分, 2009 年高考成绩为 100 分; 黑山 1 中的高三刘璐同学来时成绩是 50-70 分, 2010 年高考成绩为 113 分!………………………. 孩子从小学开始,学习英语已经多年,孩子天天背单词、做习题、 记笔记,做过的卷子岂止几百套,上千套,那么孩子的英语成绩一直 在稳步提高吗?还是一直没有提高,甚至越学越落后、越学越迷茫? 如果孩子的英语成绩一直提高不了,如果孩子一直抓不住重点、找不 到感觉,就来找 “神奇”的吴军老师吧!在这里孩子马上就会体验到英 语学习成绩“突飞猛进”的快乐!在这里一天提高几十分的孩子比比皆 是! 鲁美附中、沈音附中 7 人全部考取国本! 热烈庆祝吴军一对一家教学员---2010 届鲁美附中 1 班王巨龙、冯 潇潇,沈音附中李同学(女,不愿公开全名)及沈阳 2 中补习班姜雯 悦等 7 人考取鲁美和沈阳音乐学院!为什么一个英语烂到家的学生, 在不到 2-3 个月内成绩突飞猛进?为什么英语基础几乎为零的学生经 过他辅导 10 到 20 次课, 成绩就能迅速提升 30-70 多分?走捷径考高分 的窍门是什么?沈阳高端英语快速提分名师吴军老师将为您咨询谜 底。艺术类国本,英语小分很关键!9 年的高分经验能成就了他们, 同样也可以成就暂时停止成功的你!

只学习 5-10 次课,英语成绩就提高了 30 多分! 能接触到吴军老师《英语高分密码》的人太幸运了!如何把握中 心,猜测题意,一听就会!融会贯通,举一反三!沈阳 83 中高二的金 柏岑同学来时成绩是 82 分, 2010 年学习 5 次课后的期末成绩为 108 分;

现就读于沈阳 4 中高二文科班的胡兢元同学来时成绩是 91 分, 13 次课 后的期末成绩为 125 分; 现就读于皇姑区沈阳 10 中高一的高雅慧同学 来时成绩是 90 分左右, 2010 年高一下学期期中考试的成绩为 127 分;现 就读于沈阳东北育才高中本部高二的戴冠宇同学来时成绩是 107 分,学 习后的成绩稳定在 125-140 分之间, 最好成绩是由倒数到班里前 6 名。 2010 年沈阳中考距离满分竟然只差了 7 分! 2010 届杏坛中学初三 6 班的周千会同学(女) 2010 年沈阳市铁西 , 区一模才 120 分左右,其中一大半还是?懵?来的。跟吴军老师学习 3-4 次后,自己很快找到了英语学习的感觉,好像一下子容易了很多,二 模考了 135 分。10 次课后,中考距离满分竟然只差了七分,考了 143 分。她说没想到她的最高纪录竟然创造在 2010 年沈阳中考中! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 2010 中考冲刺,没想到效果居然这么好! 2010 届 43 中学初三 13 班的李圣同学(男) ,初三后成绩与其他同 学突然拉大,成绩一直在 80 分左右,很少达到及格线 90 分,对自己 没有信心,对英语家教更是排斥。跟吴军老师学习 20 次后,虽与好学 生还有 5-7 分的差距,但又找到了初一前十名时的感觉。2010 年沈阳 中考虽然发挥不算理想 (非选择手写部分基础不好) 也达到了 129 分! , 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询! 英语一对一家教授课内容 单项选择 13 条经典实战技巧,助你避开语法的干扰轻松得高分; 完型填空 11 个重要特点,10 种判断技巧,彻底解决一错错一串、发挥不 稳定两大难题;

阅读理解 9 大要点,9 种提高方法轻松解决 做题慢准确率低等难题; 短文改错 6 大应试策略,6 大提高方法让你拿分如探囊取物; 书面表达 “黄金写作模型”,精辟独到的讲解,写出让阅卷老师无可挑剔 的高分作文! 以下情况不能提分: 单词量要达到初二牛津 8B 水平 (目标高考分数是 70-95 分) 初二 , 牛津 9B 水平(目标高考分数是 95-115 分) ,当次见效(通过现场实战 做题,题也可以自己带,明显感觉提了 8-10 分) ,一般 8-20 次课达到目 标!什么也不会(连羊 sheep 和睡觉 sleep 都分不清就别浪费家里的钱 了) ,家里有钱也没用,”神”也帮不了你! 心里形成强烈“自己不行”思维定势,不能迅速扭转的,应先找 心理医生或另寻他法; 一模 40 分,二模 50 分以上可以来,30 分左右的得包 5-8 天,费用得 1.5 万起,否则拒访! 不走心,每次课都没有问题,甚至连给的课后专项题或语境化词汇 题都不做的, 拒访!非要学可以,成绩变化不大,就别来找我! 仅上 3-5 次课就想提 30-50 分的别来,当次课提分是因为阅读或完形 有了技巧性突破,但考点还没系统化,所以只能提 10-15 分. 提 30-50 分不 是 3-5 次而是包 3-5 天! 他的诚信宣言: 1.我只能帮助孩子提高英语分数,而不能提高孩子基本功! 2.现成绩 125 分以上的同学,建议不要参加。因为他们只有 10~15 分的提分空间,性价比不合适! 3.听完 1 小时内不满意,保证不问原因、不问理由、无条件地、全 额退费!超过了,则按一课收取。讲课当中或讲完后,提供试题或自 己带题,马上答题验证!再于下次补交 10-20 次的费用,3 课内不满意 可以退回未上课的所有费用, 因用大量时间为您的孩子做个性化教案,

故 3 课后恕不退还!本承诺已坚持了四年半! 4.保分”需要过程,中考高考结束后才能验证,到时就算退回了学费 也买不回来孩子的时间和未来。Peter 高分英语“立竿见影”当次课见效! 每次课后都可以拿高考真题和你的期中/末考题来验证高分教案,答的 正确率高或方法好使,就可以证明我们的教案有效!一般情况下,85 分以上来的,都能在 6-20 课内提到 105-135 分。2009-2010 年(吴军亲 授的学生)高考 130 分以上的有 39 人,3 个月内提高了 50-70 分的有 17 人。请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!

高考必背 7000 个单词浓缩于 100 句

1. Typical of the grassland dwellers of the continent is the American antelope, or pr onghorn. 美洲羚羊,或称叉角羚,是该大陆典型的草原动物。

2. Of the millions who saw Haley’ s comet in 1986, how many people will live long enough to see it return in the twent y-first century. 1986 年看见哈雷慧星的千百万人当中,有多少人能够长寿 到足以目睹它在二十一世纪的回归呢?

3. Anthropologists have discovered that fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise are universally reflected in facial expressions.人类学家们已经发现, 恐惧, 快乐, 悲伤和惊奇都会行之于色,这在全人类是共通的。

4. Because of its irritating effect on humans, the use of phenol as a general antisep

tic has been largely discontinued. 由于苯酚对人体带有刺激性作用,它基本 上已不再被当作常用的防腐剂了。

5. In group to remain in existence, a profit-making organization must, in the long ru n, produce something consumers consider useful or desirable.任何盈利组织若 要生存,最终都必须生产出消费者可用或需要的产品。

6. The greater the population there is in a locality, the greater the need there is for water, transportation, and disposal of refuse. 一个地方的人口越多,其对水, 交通和垃圾处理的需求就会越大。

7. It is more difficult to write simply, directly, and effectively than to employ flowery but vague expressions that only obscure one’s meaning. 简明,直接,有力的 写作难于花哨,含混而意义模糊的表达。

8. With modern offices becoming more mechanized, designers are attempting to p ersonalize them with warmer, less severe interiors. 随着现代办公室的日益自 动化,设计师们正试图利用较为温暖而不太严肃的内部装饰来使其具 有亲切感。

9. The difference between libel and slander is that libel is printed while slander is s poken. 诽谤和流言的区别在于前者是书面的,而后者是口头的。

10. The knee is the joints where the thigh bone meets the large bone of the lower l eg. 膝盖是大腿骨和小腿胫的连接处。

11. Acids are chemical compounds that, in water solution, have a sharp taste, a cor rosive action on metals, and the ability to turn certain blue vegetable dyes red. 酸 是一种化合物,它在溶于水时具有强烈的气味和对金属的腐蚀性,并 且能够使某些蓝色植物染料变红。

12. Billie Holiday’ s reputation as a great jazz-blues singer rests on her ability to give emotional depth to her songs. Billie Holiday’ 作为一个爵士布鲁斯乐杰出歌手的名声建立 s 在能够赋予歌曲感情深度的能力。

13. Essentially, a theory is an abstract, symbolic representation of what is conceive d to be reality. 理论在本质上是对认识了的现实的一种抽象和符号化的 表达。

14. Long before children are able to speak or understand a language, they commu nicate through facial expressions and by making noises. 儿童在能说或能听懂 语言之前,很久就会通过面部表情和靠发出噪声来与人交流了。

15. Thanks to modern irrigation, crops now grow abundantly in areas where once n othing but cacti and sagebrush could live. 受当代灌溉(技术设施)之赐,农作 物在原来只有仙人掌和荞属科植物才能生存的地方旺盛的生长。

16. The development of mechanical timepieces spurred the search for more accura te sundials with which to regulate them. 机械计时器的发展促使人们寻求更 精确的日晷,以便校准机械计时器。

17. Anthropology is a science in that anthropologists use a rigorous set of methods and techniques to document observations that can be checked by others. 人类学 是一门科学,因为人类学家采用一整套强有力的方法和技术来记录观 测结果,而这样记录下来的观测结果是供他人核查的。

18. Fungi are important in the process of decay, which returns ingredients to the so il, enhances soil fertility, and decomposes animal debris. 真菌在腐化过程中十 分重要,而腐化过程将化学物质回馈于土壤,提高其肥力,并分解动 物粪便。

19. When it is struck, a tuning fork produces an almost pure tone, retaining its pitch over a long period of time. 音叉被敲击时,产生几乎纯质的音调,其音量 经久不衰。

20. Although pecans are most plentiful in the southeastern part of the United States , they are found as far north as Ohio and Illinois. 虽然美洲山河桃树最集中于 美国的东南部但是在北至俄亥俄州及伊利诺州也能看见它们。

21. Eliminating problems by transferring the blame to others is often called scape-g oating. 用怪罪别人的办法来解决问题通常被称为寻找替罪羊。

22. The chief foods eaten in any country depend largely on what grows best in its c limate and soil. 一个国家的主要食物是什么,大体取决于什么作物在其 天气和土壤条件下生长得最好。

23. Over a very large number of trials, the probability of an event’ s occurring is equal to the probability that it will not occur. 在大量的实验中,某 一事件发生的几率等于它不发生的几率。

24. Most substance contract when they freeze so that the density of a substance’ s solid is higher than the density of its liquid. 大多数物质遇冷收缩,所以他们 的密度在固态时高于液态。

25. The mechanism by which brain cells store memories is not clearly understood. 大脑细胞储存记忆的机理并不为人明白。

26. By the middle of the twentieth century, painters and sculptors in the United Stat es had begun to exert a great worldwide influence over art. 到了二十一世纪中 叶,美国画家和雕塑家开始在世界范围内对艺术产生重大影响。

27. In the eastern part of New Jersey lies the city of Elizabeth, a major shipping an d manufacturing center. 伊丽莎白市,一个重要的航运和制造业中心,坐 落于新泽西州的东部。

28. Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman medical doctor in the United States, found ed the New York Infirmary, an institution that has always had a completely female medical staff. Elizabeth Blackwell,美国第一个女医生,创建了员工一直为 女性纽约诊所。

29. Alexander Graham Bell once told his family that he would rather be remembere d as a teacher of the deaf than as the inventor of the telephone. Alexander Graham Bell 曾告诉家人,他更愿意让后人记住他是聋子的老师,而非电话的 发明者。

30. Because its leaves remain green long after being picked, rosemary became as sociated with the idea of remembrance. 采摘下的迷迭香树叶常绿不衰, 因此 人们把迷迭香树与怀念联系在一起。 31. Although apparently rigid, bones exhibit a degree of elasticity that enables the s

keleton to withstand considerable impact. 骨头看起来是脆硬的,但它也有一 定的弹性,使得骨骼能够承受相当的打击。

32. That xenon could not FORM chemical compounds was once believed by scient ists. 科学家曾相信:氙气是不能形成化合物的。

33. Research into the dynamics of storms is directed toward improving the ability to predict these events and thus to minimize damage and avoid loss of life. 对风暴 动力学的研究是为了提高风暴预测从而减少损失,避免人员伤亡。

34. The elimination of inflation would ensure that the amount of money used in rep aying a loan would have the same value as the amount of money borrowed. 消除 通货膨胀应确保还贷的钱应与所贷款的价值相同。

35. Futurism, an early twentieth-century movement in art, rejected all traditions and attempted to glorify contemporary life by emphasizing the machine and motion. 未 来主义,二十世纪早期的一个艺术思潮。拒绝一切传统,试图通过强 调机械和动态来美化生活。

36. One of the wildest and most inaccessible parts of the United States is the Ever glades where wildlife is abundant and largely protected. Everglades 是美国境内 最为荒凉和人迹罕至的地区之一,此处有大量的野生动植物而且大多

受(法律)保护。

37. Lucretia Mott’ s influence was so significant that she has been credited by some authorities as th e originator of feminism in the United States. Lucretia Mott’ 的影响巨大, s 所以一些权威部门认定她为美国女权运动 的创始人。

38. The activities of the international marketing researcher are frequently much bro ader than those of the domestic marketer. 国际市场研究者的活动范围常常 较国内市场研究者广阔。

39. The continental divide refers to an imaginary line in the North American Rockie s that divides the waters flowing into the Atlantic Ocean from those flowing into the Pacific. 大陆分水岭是指北美洛矶山脉上的一道想象线,该线把大西洋 流域和太平洋流域区分开来。

40. Studies of the gravity field of the Earth indicate that its crust and mantle yield w hen unusual weight is placed on them. 对地球引力的研究表明,在不寻常的 负荷之下地壳和地幔会发生位移。

41. The annual worth of Utah’

s manufacturing is greater than that of its mining and farming combined. 尤它州 制造业的年产值大于其工业和农业的总和。

42. The wallflower is so called because its weak stems often grow on walls and alo ng stony cliffs for support. 墙花之所以叫墙花, 是因为其脆弱的枝干经常要 靠墙壁或顺石崖生长,以便有所依附。

43. It is the interaction between people, rather than the events that occur in their liv es, that is the main focus of social psychology. 社会心理学的主要焦点是人与 人之间的交往,而不是他们各自生活中的事件。

44. No social crusade aroused Elizabeth Williams’ enthusiasm more than the ex pansion of educational facilities for immigrants to the United States. 给美国的新 移民增加教育设施比任何社会运动都更多的激发了 Elizabeth Williams 的 热情。

45. Quails typically have short rounded wings that enable them to spring into full fli ght instantly when disturbed in their hiding places. 典型的鹌鹑都长有短而圆 的翅膀,凭此他们可以在受惊时一跃而起,飞离它们的躲藏地。

46. According to anthropologists, the earliest ancestors of humans that stood uprig ht resembled chimpanzees facially, with sloping foreheads and protruding brows.

根据人类学家的说法,直立行走的人的鼻祖面部轮廓与黑猩猩相似, 额头后倾,眉毛突出。 47. Not until 1866 was the fully successful transatlantic cable finally laid. 直到 1866 年第一条横跨大西洋的电缆才完全成功的架通。

48. In his writing, John Crowe Ransom describes what he considers the spiritual ba rrenness of society brought about by science and technology. John Crowe Ransom 在他的著作中描述了他认为是由科学技术给社会带来的精神贫困。

49. Children with parents whose guidance is firm, consistent, and rational are inclin ed to possess high levels of self-confidence. 父母的教导如果坚定,始终如一 和理性,孩子就有可能充满自信。

50. The ancient Hopewell people of North America probably cultivated corn and oth er crops, but hunting and gathering were still of critical importance in their economy . 北美远古的 Hopewell 人很可能种植了玉米和其他农作物,但打猎和采 集对他们的经济贸易仍是至关重要的。

51. Using many symbols makes it possible to put a large amount of information on a single map. 使用多种多样的符号可以在一张地图里放进大量的信息。

52. Anarchism is a term describing a cluster of doctrines and attitudes whose princi

pal uniting feature is the belief that government is both harmful and unnecessary. 无政府主义这个词描述的是一堆理论和态度,它们的主要共同点在于 相信政府是有害的,没有必要的。

53. Probably no man had more effect on the daily lives of most people in the Untie d States than did Henry Ford a pioneer in automobile production. 恐怕没有谁对 大多数美国人的日常生活影响能超过汽车生产的先驱亨利.福特。

54. The use of well-chosen nonsense words makes possible the testing of many ba sic hypotheses in the field of language learning. 使用精心挑选的无意义词汇, 可以检验语言学科里许多基本的假定。

55. The history of painting is a fascinating chain of events that probably began with the very first pictures ever made. 优化历史是由一连串的迷人事件组成,其 源头大概可以上溯到最早的图画。

56. Perfectly matched pearls, strung into a necklace, bring a far higher price than t he same pearls told individually. 相互般配的珍珠,串成一条项链,就能卖 到比单独售出好得多的价钱。

57. During the eighteenth century, Little Turtle was chief of the Miami tribe whose t erritory became what is now Indiana and Ohio. 十八世纪时, “小乌龟” 是迈阿

密部落的酋长,该部落的地盘就是今天的印第安那州和俄亥俄州。

58. Among almost seven hundred species of bamboo, some are fully grown at less than a foot high, while others can grow three feet in twenty-four hours. 在竹子的 近七百个品种中,有的全长成还不到一英尺,有的却能在二十四小时 内长出三英尺。

59. Before staring on a sea voyage, prudent navigators learn the sea charts, study the sailing directions, and memorize lighthouse locations to prepare themselves for any conditions they might encounter. 谨慎的航海员在出航前,会研究航向, 记录的灯塔的位置,以便对各种可能出现的情况做到有备无患。

60. Of all the economically important plants, palms have been the least studied. 在 所有的经济作物中,棕榈树得到的研究最少。 61. Buyers and sellers should be aware of new developments in technology can an d does affect marketing activities. 购买者和销售者都应该留意技术的新发 展,原因很简单,因为技术能够并且已经影响着营销活动。 62. The application of electronic controls made possible by the microprocessor and computer storage have multiplied the uses of the modern typewriter. 电脑储存和 由于电子微处理机得以实现的电控运用成倍的增加了现代打字机的功 能。

63. The human skeleton consists of more than two hundred bones bound together by tough and relatively inelastic connective tissues called ligaments. 人类骨骼有 二百多块骨头组成,住些骨头石油坚韧而相对缺乏弹性的,被称为韧 带的结蒂组连在一起。

64. The pigmentation of a pearl is influenced by the type of oyster in which it devel ops and by the depth, temperature, and the salt content of the water in which the o yster lives. 珍珠的色泽受到作为其母体牡蛎种类及牡蛎生活水域的深 度,温度和含盐度的制约。

65. Although mockingbirds superbly mimic the songs and calls of many birds, they can nonetheless be quickly identified as mockingbirds by certain aural clues. 尽管 模仿鸟学很多种鸟的鸣叫声惟妙惟肖,但人类还是能够依其声音上的 线索很快识别它们。

66. Not only can walking fish live out of water, but they can also travel short distanc es over land. 鲇鱼不仅可以离开水存活,还可以在岸上短距离移动。

67. Scientists do not know why dinosaurs became extinct, but some theories postul ate that changers in geography, climate, and sea levels were responsible. 科学家 不知道恐龙为何绝种了,但是一些理论推断是地理,气候和海平面的 变化造成的。

68. The science of horticulture, in which the primary concerns are maximum yield a nd superior quality, utilizes information derived from other sciences. 主要目的在 于丰富和优质的农艺学利用了其他科学的知识。

69. Snow aids farmers by keeping heart in the lower ground levels, thereby saving the seeds from freezing. 雪对农民是一种帮助,因为它保持地层土壤的温 度,使种子不致冻死。

70. Even though the precise qualities of hero in literary words may vary over time, t he basic exemplary function of the hero seems to remain constant. 当代文学作 品中的英雄本色虽各有千秋,但其昭世功力却是恒古不变的。

71. People in prehistoric times created paints by grinding materials such as plants and clay into power and then adding water. 史前的人们制造颜料是将植物和 泥土等原料磨成粉末,然后加水。

72. Often very annoying weeds, goldenrods crowd out less hardy plants and act as hosts to many insect pests. 黄菊花通常令人生厌,它挤走不那么顽强的植 物,并找来很多害虫。

73. Starting around 7000 B.C., and for the next four thousand years, much of the N

orthern Hemisphere experienced temperatures warmer than at present. 大约从公 元前七千年开始,在四千年当中,北半球的温度比现在高。

74. When Henry Ford first sought financial backing for making cars, the very notion of farmers and clerks owning automobiles was considered ridiculous. 当亨利.福 特最初制造汽车为寻求资金支持时,农民和一般职员也能拥有汽车的 想法被认为是可笑的。

75. Though once quite large, the population of the bald eagle across North America has drastically declined in the past forty years. 北美秃头鹰的数量一度很多, 但在近四十年中全北美的秃头鹰数量急剧下降。

76. The beaver chews down trees to get food and material with which to build its h ome. 水獭啃倒树木,以便取食物并获得造窝的材料。

77. Poodles were once used as retrievers in duck hunting, but the American Kenne l Club does not consider them sporting dogs because they are now primarily kept a s pets. 长卷毛狗曾被用作猎鸭时叼回猎物的猎犬,但是美国 Kennel Club 却不承认它们为猎犬,因为它们现在大多数作为宠物饲养。

78. As a result of what is now know in physics and chemistry, scientists have been able to make important discoveries in biology and medicine. 物理学和化学的一

个成果是使得科学家们能在生物学和医学上获得重大发现。

79. The practice of making excellent films based on rather obscure novels has bee n going on so long in the United States as to constitute a tradition. 根据默默无闻 的小说制作优秀影片在美国由来已久,已经成为传统。

80. Since the consumer considers the best fruit to be that which is the most attracti ve, the grower must provide products that satisfy the discerning eye. 因为顾客认 为最好的水果应该看起来也是最漂亮的,所以种植者必须提供能满足 挑剔眼光的产品。

81. Television the most pervasive and persuasive of modern technologies, marked by rapid change and growth, is moving into a new era, an era of extraordinary soph istication and versatility, which promises to reshape our lives and our world. 电视, 这项从迅速变化和成长为标志的最普及和最有影响力的现代技术,正 在步入一个新时代,一个极为成熟和多样化的时代,这将重塑我们的 生活和世界。

82. Television is more than just an electronics; it is a means of expression, as well as a vehicle for communication, and as such becomes a powerful tool for reaching other human beings. 电视不仅仅是一件电器;它是表达的手段和交流的 载体并因此成为联系他人的有力工具。

83. Even more shocking is the fact that the number and rate of imprisonment have more than doubled over the past twenty years, and recidivism------that is the rate fo r re-arrest------is more than 60 percent. 更让人吃惊的事实是监禁的数目和 比例在过去的二十年中翻了一番还有余,以及累犯率——即再次拘押 的比例——为百分之六十强。

84. His teaching began at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, but William R ainey Harper lured him to the new university of Chicago, where he remained official ly for exactly a generation and where his students in advanced composition found him terrifyingly frigid in the classroom but sympathetic and understanding in their p ersonal conferences. 他的教书生涯始于麻省理工学院,但是 William Rainey Harper 把他吸引到了新成立的芝加哥大学。 他在那里正式 任职长达整整一代人的时间。他的高级作文课上的学生觉得他在课上 古板得可怕,但私下交流却富有同情和理解。

85. The sloth pays such little attention to its personal hygiene that green algae gro w on its coarse hair and communities of a parasitic moth live in the depths of its co at producing caterpillars which graze on its mouldy hair. Its muscles are such that it is quits incapable of moving at a speed of over a kilometer an hour even over the s hortest distances and the swiftest movement it can make is a sweep of its hooked arm. 树獭即不讲究卫生,以至于它粗糙的毛发上生出绿苔,成群的寄

生蛾生长在它的皮毛深处,变成毛毛虫,并以它的脏毛为食。她的肌 肉不能让他哪怕在很短的距离以内以每小时一公里的速度移动。它能 做的最敏捷的动作就是挥一挥它弯曲的胳膊。 86. Artificial flowers are used for scientific as well as for decorative purposes. They are made from a variety of materials, such as way and glass, so skillfully that they can scarcely be distinguished from natural flowers. 人造花卉即可用于科学目 的,也可用于装饰目的,它们可以用各种各样的材料制成,臂如蜡和 玻璃;其制作如此精巧,几乎可以以假乱真。

87. Three years of research at an abandoned coal mine in Argonne, Illinois, have r esulted in findings that scientists believe can help reclaim thousands of mine dispo sal sites that scar the coal-rich regions of the United States. 在伊利诺州 Angonne 市的一个废弃煤矿的三年研究取得了成果, 科学家们相信这些 成果可以帮助改造把美国产煤区弄得伤痕累累的数千个旧煤场。

88. When the persuading and the planning for the western railroads had finally bee n completed, the really challenging task remained: the dangerous, sweaty, backbre aking, brawling business of actually building the lines. 当有关西部铁路的说服 和规划工作终于完成后,真正艰难的任务还没有开始;即危险,吃力, 需要伤筋动骨和吵吵嚷嚷的建造这些铁路的实际工作。

89. Because of the space crunch, the Art Museum has become increasingly cautio

us in considering acquisitions and donations of art, in some cases passing up oppo rtunities to strengthen is collections. 由于空间不足,艺术博物馆在考虑购买 和接受捐赠的艺术品是越来越慎重,有些情况下放弃其进一步改善收 藏的机会。

90. The United States Constitution requires that President be a natural-born citizen , thirty-five years of age or older, who has lived in the United States for a minimum of fourteen years. 美国宪法要求总统是生于美国本土的公民, 三十五岁以 上,并且在美国居住了至少十四年。

91. Arid regions in the southwestern United States have become increasingly i nviting playgrounds for the growing number of recreation seekers who own vehicle s such as motorcycles or powered trail bikes and indulge in hill-climbing contests or in caving new trails in the desert. 美国西部的不毛之地正成为玩耍的地方, 对越来越多拥有摩托车或越野单车类车辆的,喜欢放纵于爬坡比赛或 开辟新的沙漠通道的寻欢作乐者具有不断增长的吸引力。

92. Stone does decay, and so tools of long ago have remained when even the bon es of the man who made them have disappeared without trace. 石头不会腐烂, 所以以前的(石器)工具能保存下来, 虽然它们的制造者已经消失的无影 无踪。

93. Insects would make it impossible for us to live in the world; they would devour a ll our crops and kill our flocks and herds, if it were not for the protection we get from insect-eating animals. 昆虫就将会使我们无法在这个世界上居住;如果我 们没有受到以昆虫为食的动物的保护,昆虫就会吞嚼掉我们所有的庄 稼并杀死我们饲养的禽兽。

94. It is true that during their explorations they often faced difficulties and dangers of the most perilous nature, equipped in a manner which would make a modern cli mber shudder at the thought, but they did not go out of their way to court such excit ement. 确实,他们在探险中遇到了极具威胁性的困难和危险,而他们 的装备会让一个现代登山者想一想都会浑身颤栗。不过他们并不是刻 意去追求刺激的。

95. There is only one difference between an old man and a young one: the young man has a glorious future before him and old one has a splendid future behind him: and maybe that is where the rub is. 老人和年轻人之间只有一个区别:年轻 人的前面有辉煌的未来,老年人灿烂的未来却已在它们身后。这也许 就是困难之所在。

96. I find young people exciting. They have an air of freedom, and they have not a dreary commitment to mean ambitions or love comfort. They are not anxious social climbers, and they have no devotion to material things. 我们位年强人振奋。它

们带有自由的气息,他们不会为狭隘的野心和贪婪享受而孜孜以求。 他们不是焦虑的向上爬的人,他们不会对物质性的东西难舍难分。

97. I am always amazed when I hear people saying that sport creates goodwill bet ween the nations, and that if only the common peoples of the world could meet one another at football or cricket, they would have no inclination to meet on the battlefi eld. 每次我听说体育运动能够在国家间建立起友好感情, 说世界各地的 普通人只要能在足球场或板球场上相遇就会没有兴趣在战场上相遇的 话,我都倍感诧异。

98. It is impossible to say simply for the fun and exercise: as soon as the question of prestige arises, as soon as you feel that you and some larger unit will be disgrac ed if you lose, the most savage combative instincts are around. 没有可能仅仅为 了娱乐或锻炼而运动:一旦有了问题,一旦你觉得你输了你和你所属 团体会有失体面时,你最野蛮的好斗本能就会被激发出来。

99. It has been found that certain bats emit squeaks and by receiving the echoes, t hey can locate and steer clear of obstacles------or locate flying insects on which the y feed. This echo-location in bats is often compared with radar, the principle of whic h is similar. 人们已经发现,某些蝙蝠发出尖叫声并靠接受回响来锁定和 避免障碍物——或者找到它们赖以为生的昆虫。蝙蝠这种回响定位法 常拿来和原理与之很相近似的雷达相比。

100. As the time and cost of making a clip drop to a few days and a few hundred d ollars, engineers may soon be free to let their imaginations soar without being pena lized by expensive failure. 随着芯片制造时间和费用降低到了几天和几百 美元,工程师们可能很快可以任他们的想象驰骋而不会被昂贵的失败 所惩罚。

高一英语短文改错专练 22 套 1 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) A shopkeeper once found that a bag money had been stolen from his shop. He went to the 56._______ 57._______

judge(法官) and tell him about his loss(损失) 58._______ . The judge ordered all people of the shop to come before him. He took a number of the 59._______ 60._______

sticks of equal length(长度) or gave one stick 61._______ to each person. Then he said, “Come after me 62._______

again tomorrow. I?ll then know which of you are 63._______ the thief because the stick given to a thief will be one inch longer than the other.” keys: 56.bag 后加 of 64._______ 65._______ 59.all 后加 the

57.√? 58.tell→told

60.去掉 the 64.a→the 2

61.or→and 65.other→others

62.after→before

63.are→is

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Miss Evans taught physics in school in London.Last month _ she was explaining to one of her class about sound ,and _ she decide to test them to see how successful she had been in her work. She said to them, “Now I has a sister _ in Washington. If I was calling her by the phone, and you were on the other side of the street. Who would hear me first, my sister and you? And why?” A clever boy at once answered, “You sister, Miss Evans, because the electricity travels much faster than sound _ waves.” “Very well,” Miss Evans praised. keys: 56.第一个 in 后加 a 57.class→classes 58.decide→decided 61.? √ 62.and→or 65._____ 60._____ 61._____ 62._____ 63._____ 64.____ 58._____ 59.____ 57.____ 56.____

59.has→have 63.You→Your

60.by→on 64.去掉 the

65.well→good

3 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) It is interested to visit another country, but sometimes there are some questions when we don?t know the language very _ well. It may be difficult to talk about the people there. We may 58. ___ not know how to use the telephone in the country which are visiting. We may not know what to buy the things we need. _ In a strange country we may not know where to eat and what to order in a restaurant. It is not easy to decide how many money to tip(付小费) waiters or taxi drivers. When we are __ helpless, we may not know how to ask help. After a short time later, however, we learn what to do 64. ___ 65. ___ 61. ___ 62. ___ 63. _ 59. ___ 60. __ 56. ___ 57. __

and what to say. We learn to enjoy life in another country, and then we may be sorry to leave both the place and the people. Keys:56. interested→interesting 58. about→with/to 61. and→or 64. ask 后加 for 4 57. questions→problems 60. what→how 63.√ ?

59. which 后加 we 62. many→much 65. 去掉 later

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Long long ago, people had gather leaves and fruit of plants to eat with. They didn?t know how to plant crops or how to keep animals for their food. We call them Stone Age people. Thing for them were terrible and hard. Now there have still some people living liked those Stone Age people. They live in places that are hard reach. They do not know of our invention, for they keep themselves away our civilized world. For many years a group of people call Aruntas have lived alone in the center of Australia. Keys:56. had→had to with 58.√ 57.去掉 56. _____ 57. _____ 58. _____ 59. _____ 60. _____ 61. _____ 62. _____ 63. _____ 64. _____ 65. _____

59. Thing→Things 61. liked→like 62. reach→to reach 65. call→called

60. have→are

63. invention→inventions 5

64. away 后加 from

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) How robins(知更鸟) know when it is time to go back north? They seem to tell by how soon daylight lasts. In late winter, daylight begins to last longest each day. When the 57. _____ 58. _____ 56. _____

daylight lasts long enough, robins start north. They fly by day. Each year they follow a same fly-way. At first, they fly only few miles a day. They stop often in the field to eat bugs

59. _____ 60. _____ 61. _____ 62. _____ 63. _____

(小虫子) Late, they seem in a hurry. They fly . over 100 miles a day. Some are going so far as 180 miles. When they get to home, they always stay together high in a tree. Keys: 56.How 后加 do 59.√ 60.a→the 57.soon→long 61.few 前加 a

64. _____ 65. _____

58.longest→longer 62.field→fields

63.Late→Later 6

64.so→as

65.去掉 to

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) On the Internet The Internet is playing a important part in our daily life. On the net,we can learn about news both home and abroad and some other informations as well. We can also make phone calls, send messages by e-mails,go to net schools,and learn foreign languages by ourselves. Beside,we can enjoy music,watch sports matches,and play the chess or cards. The net even help us do shopping, 56. _____ 57. _____ 58. _____ 59. _____ 60. _____ 61. _____ 62. _____ 63. _____

make a chat with others and make friends with them. In a word,the Internet has made our life more easier. Keys:56.a→an 57.√

64. _____ 65. _____

58.home 前加 at 60.e-mails→e-mail

59.informations→information 61.Beside→Besides 64.第一个 make→have 7

62.去掉 the 65.more→much

63.help→helps

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) In the morning of November 18th,1755,an earthquake __ shook Boston.John,a professor at Harvard College felt a quake 57. ___ __ and woke up.“I rose and found to be fifteen minutes past four.” He hurried to downstairs to the clock. It had stopped three minutes ago. Except for stopping the clock,the quake __ had only thrown a key from the mantel(壁炉架) to the floor. 61. ___ __ The clock had stopped because John put some long glass tube he was using for an experiment into the case 62. _____ 63. _____ 58. ____ 59. ____ 60. ___ 56. ___

for safekeeping.The quake had been knocked the tubes over and 64. __ ___

blocked the pendulum(钟摆) So John had the exactly . time of the earthquake. keys: 56.In→On 59.去掉第一个 to had 63.tube→tubes 8 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) People have different tastes in food. Some feel they haven't a meal unless they have had pork or other meat;some prefer chickens or fish,and eats one or the other at every meal. Others prefer vegetables and fruits or grains but would enjoy a meal of potatoes, noodles and carrots and some another fruits. Others could live on the foods are called fast foods,for example,a hamburger or hot dog,French fries and a soft drinks. Food can be prepared by so many ways. Every is satisfactory to different person. Keys:56.haven’t 后加 had 59.but→and 59. ______ 60. ______ 61. ______ 62. ______ 63. ______ 64. ______ 65. ______ 58.eats→eat 56. ______ 57. ______ 58. ______ 64.去掉 been 65.exactly→exact 57.第二个 a→the 60.ago→before 65. _____ 58.found 后加 it 61.√ ? 62.put 前加

57.chickens→chicken

60.another→other

61.foods 后加 that 或去掉 are

62.√? 9

63.去掉 a

64.by→in

65.Every→Each

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) In recently years,dust storms take place more and more often in the north of Chinese. They have brought a great deal of trouble to people?s lives. The strong wind blows up the dust,made the air very dirty. It also stops many of people from going out. In past,people raised a large number of sheep. The sheep eat up a great deal of grass and the land became sandy. Now the government have begun to pay attention to the problem. Each year,a lot of money spent on the improvement of the environment. 76. _____ 77. _____ 78. _____ 79. _____ 80. _____ 81. _____ 82. _____ 83. _____ 84. _____ 85. _____

76.recently→recent 79. made→making 83.have→has 10

77.Chinese→China 80. 去掉 of 84.√?

78.lives→life 82. eat→ate

81. past 前加 the

85.spent 前加 is

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Life in the twenty-one century will be very different with life today. There will be many 56. ___ 57. ___

changes.What can the changes be? The population is growing fast. That will be many more people in the world and most of them will live in longer than people live now. Computers will be much more smaller and more useful, and there will be one in every home. People will work few hours than they now and they will have more free time for reading books, watch TV and traveling. keys: 56.twenty-one→twenty-first 59.That→There 63.few→fewer 11 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Once one year a race is held. A lot of cars took part this race last year and there 60.去掉 in 64.now 前加 do 57.with→from 61.√?

58. ___ 59. ___

60. ___ 61. ___ 62. ___ 63. ___ 64.___ 65.___ 58.can→will

62.去掉第一个 more

65.watch→watching

56. _____ 57. _____ 58. _____ 59. _____ 60. _____

had a lot of experiments just before it began. One of the most beautiful car was a Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost. The most usual car was a Benz

which had only three wheels. Built in 1885,it is the 61. _____ oldest car taking part. After a great many loud 62. _____ 63. _____

noises,the race began. Many of cars broke down on

the way and some drivers spent much time under their cars than in them. The win car reached at a speed of forty miles an hour. Keys: 56.one→every →cars 60. usual→unusual 61. is→was 62. √? 57.part 后加 in

64. _____ 65. _____

58.had→were

59.car

63. 前加 the cars

64.much→more 或 much 后加 more 12

65.win→winning

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) Sleep,as we know, is important to us. And how many sleep do we actually need?For most of us, eight hours seem to be about the right amount. Yet we know that there are a great many people who get along well less sleep ,and some whom may even need more. A great deal depends by the way we live. But a good common rule to follow to is to sleep long as we have to. So we’ll feel happy and be able to work with our best when we wake. keys: 56.And→But 57.many→much 65. ____ 58.seem→seems 59.√ 56. ____ 57. ____ 58. ____ 59. ____ 60. ____ 61. ____ 62. ____ 63. ____ 64. ____

?

60.well 后加 with 61.whom→who 个 to

62.by→on

63.去掉第二

64.long 前加 as

65.with→at

13 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Different people speak different language, but sports have a language of its own. A football player from Japan can not play with a player from 76.____ 77.____ 78.____ 79.____ 80.____ 81.____ 82.____ 83.____ 84.____ 85.____ 78.去掉 not

England. One does not need to understand the language of the other. The game speaks for themselves. Peoples who do not know each other often become friend after they have played together. The new boy or girl in school quickly become one of the class after few games. People in different parts of the world learn to understand one other through sports. keys: 76. language → languages 77. its → their

79. ∨

80. themselves → itself

81.Peoples → People

82. friend → friends

83. become→becomes

84. few 前加 a

85. other → another

14 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) My friend Henry has a most unusually hobby (爱好) He likes plant flowers in strange places. . When the spring comes round, you can always tell Henry had been busy working because the dirty sides of canals(沟渠) and railway banks suddenly became filled of flowers. In his spare time, with pockets full of seeds, Henry goes round by his bike. He has a long pipe with him blow seeds into places 56. _____ 57. _____ 58. _____ 59. _____ 60. _____ 61. _____ 62. _____ 63. _____ 64. _____ 65. _____

that is hard to reach. When his flowers fade(凋谢) , he goes round again to collect its seeds. In this way he always has a big supply. Keys:56. unusually→unusual 58.去掉 the

57. plant→planting 或 to plant 60.√ ?

59. had→has

61. filled→full 或 of→with

62. by→on 或去掉 his

63. 在 him 后加 to 15

64. is→are

65. its→their

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Dear Peter, Thanks very much on inviting me to your birthday party on Sunday. I?d like very much come, but I had an examination on Monday morning. It is a very important exam, but I can?t afford to fail it. I?ll spend all the whole weekend reading and prepare for it. So I?m really sorry that I won?t able to come this time. Hope you can understand. I?ll take this chance to wish you a wonderful time in your birthday. Happy birthday, Peter, and many happy return of the day! _ Yours, Li Ming Keys: 56. on→for 59. but→and/so 62. able 前加 be 16 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 57. much 后加 to 60. 去掉 all 63.∨ 64. in→on 58. had→have 61. prepare→preparing 65. return→returns 56.______ 57.______ 58.______ 59.______ 60.______ 61.______ 62.______ 63.______ 64.______ 65._____

Sandy is busy. Like many other girl about her

56._____ 57._____ 58._____ 59._____ 60._____ 61._____

age, she spends hours in the telephone, talking to her friends. She often go out on weekends. She looks after children for other families get some money. And, of course, during the school years she herself has many homework to do. During the football season, she and the other pretty girls are leaders for school

62._____ 63._____ 64._____

football games. They led the crowd in cheering (加 油)for school team. The cheers are not long, but it takes a long time to practise shout together. keys: 56.girl→girls 59.get 前加 to 63. led→ lead 17 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 57. in→on 60. √

65._____ 58. go→goes 62. 去掉 the

61. many→much

64. school 前加 the

65. shout→shouting

Mrs Jackson is very old woman. She

56.____

had a very small room in an old house. She

57.____

has lived there in 1964. That was

58.____

the year when her husband death. He

59.____

had been ill for many year. After his

60.____

death Mrs Jackson had not some money at all.

61.____

She found out work in a factory. Her

62.____

job was to clean the offices. She had get up

63.____

at six in the morning. Last year she was

64.____

ill and her doctor said,“ Not work so hard.” 65.____ Keys: 56. is 后加 a 60. year→years 加 to 64. √? 65. Not→Don?t 57. had→has 61. some→any 58. in→since 62. 去掉 out 59. death→died 63. had 后

18 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

Dear Smith,

I?m glad to hearing that you are going to visit our school in the near future. 56.__

Now I?d like to tell you the way to our school after you get on the train. 57.__

Come out from of the railway station, turn left and _

58._

walk up the road toward the traffic light.

59.__

After you pass a bank in your left, turn right,

60.__

and walk still further until you across the road.

61.__

Then walk along the street and you?ll find cinema on your left. _

62. _

Come to fourth crossing on the left.

63.__

Go down the street and you?ll see No. 1 High School half?way up the street 64.__

on your left.You can't miss it.You are welcomed.I hope you'll have a good time. 65.__

Best wishes.

Yours,

Li Ping

Keys: 56.hearing→hear from 59. light→lights

57. on →off

58. 去掉

60. in→on 63. fourth 前加 the 19

61. across→cross 64.√ ?

62. cinema 前加 a 65. welcomed→welcome

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

Once there was a boy liked reading books very

56. ____

much. Because the boy was so poor to buy any books,

57. __

__

so he had no books of his own. But that could not stop

58. ____

him from reading. He decided to borrow from a friend

59. ____

of his, who was living far away to the boy's home. The _

60. ___

boy always tried his best to finish read the books

61. ____

and then returned them back to the owner within the

62. ____

given time. That was the reason why his friend was glad _

63. ___

to lend him any of his books. The many books the boy read, __

64. __

the more knowledge he learned. And late he became a great writer. 65. _ ___

Keys: 56.liked 前加 who so

57. so→too

58. 去掉

59. borrow 后加 books 61. read→reading 62. 去掉 back 63.正确

60. to→from

64. many→more 20

65. late→later

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

I went down to my friend's Tom's farm last

76. ______

August to helping him. August is the busiest

77. ______

time of the year for farmers,so it is then

78. ______

which they have to cut the corn. It is also the

79. ______

time of me to spend my holiday,so I decided

80. ______

to do something that is useful and at the

81. ______

same time quite different from my work

82. ______

at the office in London. Lucky the weather

83. ______

was fine while my two weeks on the farm.

84. ______

I enjoyed myself and I learned lot there.

85. ______

Keys: 76. friend's →friend 79. which → that 83. Lucky → Luckily 21

77. helping → help

78. so → because 82. √

80. of → for

81. is → was

84. while → during

85. lot 前加 a

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

Attention, please! I?m sorry to tell you that the visit to 56. ___

the country, that we planned for this morning, will

57. ___

be put off until tomorrow because the rain. This morning

58. ___

we will visit a middle school, where has a history of 85

59. ___

years. This afternoon we?ll visit the industry exhibition, from 60. ___

which many new products are in show. Some of them

61. ___

won nation prizes for invention. The bus will wait for

62. ___

us at the gate of our hotel at a half past eight. Please be

63. ___

there on time. Don?t forget to bringing your things you need

64. ___

with you. If you had any questions, you can ask me. Thanks. __

65. _

Keys: 56. ∨ 57. that → which which 60. from → in 63. 去掉 a 21 61. in → on

58. because 后加 of

59. where→

62. nation → national 65. had →have

64. bringing →bring

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

It is late in the evening. There was a knock on the

56. ___

door. I opened it and found a young man wore dark

57. ___

glasses. He said he was a friend of my brother. I didn't

58. ___

remember my brother had such friend, but I had to let

59. ___

him in. As we talked, I found that he knew something

60. ___

about my brother. I came to the conclusion (结论) that

61. ___

he was telling the truth. Just then my brother came

62. ___

out and the stranger was taken by surprise. I caught

63. ___

hold of the man while my brother rang up to the police.

64. ___

In fact he was only a thief from other town nearby.

65. ___

Keys: 56. is→was

57. wore→wearing

58. brother→brother?s

59. such 后加 a 后加 not

60. something→nothing

61. ∨

62. was

63. out→in/back

64. 去掉 to

65. other→another

定语从句练习题 1. His parents wouldn't let him marry anyone ______ family was poor. A. of whom B. whom C. of whose D. whose 2. She heard a terrible noise, _______ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. that 3. In the dark street , there wasn't a single person _____ she could turn for help A. that B. who C. from whom D. to whom 4. The weather turned out to be very good , ____ was more than we could expect. A. what B. which C. that D. it 5.After living in Pairs for fifty years he returned to the small town ____ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when 6.Carol said the work would be done by October, _____personally I doubt very much. A. it B. that C. when D. which 7.Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play, ________,of course , made the others unhappy. A.who B.which C.this D.what 8. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase , _____ was very reasonable.

A. which price B. the price of which C. its price D. the price of whose 9._____ has already been pointed out , grammar is not a set of dead rules. A. As B. It C. That D. Which 10. He lived in London for 3 months , during ____ time he learned some English. A. this B. which C. that D. same 11. Oh the wall hung a picture, _____ color is blue. A. whose B. of which C. which D. its 12.Whenever I met him , ____ was fairly often, I like his sweet and hopeful smile. A. what B. which C. that D. when 13. The visitor asked the guide to take his picture _____ stands the famous tower. A. that B. where C. which D. there 14.The boss ____ department Ms King worked ten years ago look down upon women. A. in which B. in that C. in whose D. whose 15. I don't like _____ you speak to her. A. the way B. the way in that C. the way which D. the way of which 16.I had neither a raincoat nor an umbrella ._______ I got wet through . A. It's the reason B. That's why C. There's why D. It's how 17. He made another wonderful discovery , ____ of great importance to science. A. which I think is B. which I think it is C. which I think it D.I think which is 18.He was very rude to the customs officer, ____ of course made things even worse.

A. who B. whom C. what D. which 19. a) He is an interesting speaker, and, _______ is more important, he knows his subject thoroughly. b) He went to the meeting, and, _______ was worse, insisted on speaking. A. what B. which C. that D. when 20. The farmer uses wood to build a house ________ to store grain. A. in which B. where C. which D. with which 21. I will invite _______ my daughter loves. A. whoever B. whomever C. whichever D. whatever 22.You can buy as many copies of this book ________ you wants. A. that B. which C. as D. for which 23. Tom ate more food _______ was good for his health. A. that B. as C. than D. which 24. He was hiding behind the door _________ he could see what was happening. A. which B. from where C from which D. where 25. She wore, _______ was very uncommon in the country, a red garment. A. what B. that C. which D. it =She wore a red garment , _______ was very uncommon in the country. 26. The English play ____ my students acted at the New Year's party was a great success. A. for which B. at which C. in which D. on which 27. ______ is reported in the newspapers, talks between the two countries are

making progress. A. It B. As C. That D. What 28. The journey around the world took the old sailor nine months, _____ the sailing time was 226 days. A. of which B. during which C. from which D. for which 29. I work in a business _____ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A. how B. which C. where D. that 30. There were dirty marks on her trousers ______ she had wiped her hands. A. where B. which C. when D. that 31. Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others , _____ , of course , made the others envy him . A. who B. that C. what D. which 32. ________ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. A. Which B. When C. What D. As 33. Anyway, that evening, ____ I'll tell you more about later, I ended up staying at Rachel's place. A. when B. where C. what D. which 34. A story goes ______ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more that being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. A. when B. where C. what D. that 35. The factory produces half a million pairs of shoes every year , 80% _____ are sold abroad .

A.of which B.which of C.of them D.of that 36.There was _____ time _____ I hated to go to school . A.a; that B.a; when C.the; that D.the ; when 37. There are two buildings , _____ stands nearly a hundred feet high . A.the larger B.the larger of them C.the larger one that D.the larger of which 38. What surprised me was not what he said but _____ he said it . A.the way B.in the way that C.in the way D.he way which 39. American women usually identify their best friend as someone _____ they can talk frequently. A. who B. as C. about which D. with whom 40. George Orwell, _______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays. A. the real name B. what his real name C. his real name D. whose real name 四.答案 1-5DBDBB 6-10DBBAB 11-15ABBCA 16-20BADAA 21-25 BCCBC 26-30CBACA 31-35DDDDA 36-40BDADD

共 100 分,每小题 2 分 (充分考虑先行词在从句中的句法作用) 1. A football fan(球迷) is _____ has a strong interest in football. A. a thing that B. something that C. a person who D. what

2. The house, _____ was destroyed in the terrible fire, has been repaired. A. the roof of which B. which roof C. its roof D. the roof 3. Can you lend me the novel _____ the other day? A. that you talked B. you talked about it C. which you talked with D. you talked about 4. The matter _____ you were arguing about last night has been settled. A. that B. what C. why D. for which 5. They talked for about an hour of things and persons _____ they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. who D. whom 6. Who _____ has common sense(常识) will do such a thing? A. which B. who C. whom D. that 7. All the apples _____ fell down were eaten by the pigs. A. that B. those C. which D. what 8. They asked him to tell them everything _____ he saw at the front. A. what B. that C. which D. where 9. I?ll tell you _____ he told me last night. A. all which B. all what C. that all D. all 10. A child _____ parents are dead is called an orphan. A. who B. who?s C. whose D. which 11. Is this the museum _____ you visited the other day? A. that B. where C. in which D. the one

12. Is this museum _____ some German friends visited last Wednesday? A. that B. where C. in which D. the one 13. -How do you like the book? -It?s quite different from _____ I read last month. A. that B. which C. the one D. the one what 14. Which sentence is wrong? A. The finger I dipped into the cup was not the one I put it into my mouth. B. Do you know the boy who jumped onto the platform? C. Science and new technology have made it possible for farmers to produce more food on the same amount of land. D. People in ancient times took it for granted that the sun moved round the earth. 15. The train _____ she was traveling was late. A. which B. where C. on which D. in that 16. He has lost the key to the drawer _____ the papers are kept. A. where B. on which C. under which D. which 17. Antarctic _____ we know very little is covered with thick ice all the year round. A. which B. where C. that D. about which 18. It?s the third time _____ late this month. A. that you arrived B. when you arrived C. that you?ve arrived D.when you?ve arrived 19. He often helps the students _____ he thinks are not quick at their studies. A. whom B. who C. when D. because

20. The Second World War _____ millions of people were killed ended in 1945. A. when B. during that C. in which D. which 21. He was born in the year _____ the Anti-Japanese War broke out. A. which B. when C. on which D. during which 22. Mr. Crossett will never forget the day _____ he spent with his various students. A. when B. which C. during which D. on which 23. This is just the place _____ I am longing to visit these years. A. that B. where C. in which D. to where

24. We are going to spend the Spring festival in Guangzhou, _____ live my grandparents and some relatives. A. which B. that C. who D. where 25. The hotel _____ during our holidays stands by the seaside. A. we stayed at B. where we stayed at C. we stayed D. in that we stayed 26. I have bought the same dress _____ she is wearing. A. as B. that C. which D. than 27. He is not _____ a fool _____. A. such/as he is looked B. such/as he looks C. as/as he is looked D. so/as he looks

28. Is that the reason _____ you are in favor of the proposal? A. which B. what C. why D. for that 29. Some of the roads were flooded, _____ made our journey more difficult. A. which B. it C. what D. that 30. He must be from Africa, _____ can be seen from his skin. A. that B. as C. who D. what 31. He has two sons, _____ work as chemists. A. two of whom B. both of whom C. both of which D. all of whom 32. The buses, _____ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd. A. most of that B. which most C. most of which D. that most 33. My glasses, _____ I was like a blind man, fell to the ground and broke. A. which B. with which C. without which D. that 34. Mr. Wu, _____ everybody likes, is going to give us a talk on chemistry. A. whom B. that C. which D. / 35. This is Mr. Smith, _____ I think has something interesting to tell us.

A. who B. whom C. that D. / 36. _____, the compass was first made in China. A. It is know to all B. It is known that C. We all know D. As is known to all 37. I, _____ your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A. who is B. who am C. that is D. what is 38. He is a man of great experience, _____ much can be learned. A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom 39. It was such a serious mistake, _____ caused by carelessness. A. which I think was B. which I think it was C. I think which was D. I think which it was 40. He lived in London for 3 months, during _____ he picked up some English. A. this B. which C. that D. when 41. The general at last got a chance to visit the village _____ he used to fight, _____ he had been dreaming of for years. A. that/which B. where/that C. in which/what D. where/which 42. I will hire the man _____ they say is a good English speaker.

A. who B. that C. which D. whom 43. He has to work on Sundays, _____ he does not like. A. and which B. which C. and when D. when 44. I gave him a warning, _____ he turned a deaf ear. A. of which B. for which C. to that D. to which 45. My father has made me _____ I am. A. who B. which C. what D. that 46. She is one of the few girls who _____ passed the examination. A. was B. were C. has D. have 47. He is my son, _____ a better son does not exist. A. but B. than who C. against whom D. than whom 48. As many members _____ were present agreed to the plan. A. who B. that C. which D. as 49. You may call on me from one to five o?clock, during _____ I am always at home. A. the time B. what time

C. that time D. which time 50. China is the birthplace of kites, _____ kiteflying(放风筝) spread to Japan, Korea, Thailand and India. A. from there B. where C. from where D. there 1-5 CADAB 6-10 DABDC 11-15 ADCAC 16-20 ADCBC 21-25 BBADA 26-30 ABCAB 31-35 BCCAA 36-40 DBDAB 41-45 DABDC 46-50 DCDDC

2. Is this the factory __________ you visited the other day? A. that B. where C. in which D. the one 3. Is this factory __________ some foreign friends visited last Friday? A. that B. where C. which D. the one 4. Is this the factory __________ he worked ten years ago? A. that

B. where C. which D. the one ADB
想学好英语,首先要培养对英语的兴趣。“兴趣是最好的老师”,兴趣是学习 英语的巨大动力,有了兴趣,学习就会事半功倍。我们都有这样的经验:喜 欢的事,就容易坚持下去;不喜欢的事,是很难坚持下去的。而兴趣不是与 生俱来的,需要培养。有的同学说:“我一看到英语就头疼,怎么能培养对 英语的兴趣呢?”还有的同学说:“英语单词我今天记了明天忘,我太笨了, 唉,我算没治了。”这都是缺乏信心的表现。初学英语时,没有掌握正确的 学习方法,没有树立必胜的信心,缺乏了克服困难的勇气,丧失了上进的动 力,稍遇失败,就会向挫折缴枪,向困难低头。你就会感到英语是一门枯燥 无味的学科,学了一段时间之后,学习积极性也逐渐降低,自然也就不会取 得好成绩。但是,只要在老师的帮助下,认识到学英语的必要性,用正确的 态度对待英语学习,用科学的方法指导学习。开始时多参加一些英语方面的 活动,比如 ,唱英文歌、做英语游戏、读英语幽默短文、练习口头对话等。 时间长了,懂得多了,就有了兴趣,当然,学习起来就有了动力和欲望。然 后,就要像农民一样勤勤恳恳,不辞辛苦,付出辛勤的劳动和汗水,一定会 取得成功,收获丰硕的成果。毕竟是 No pains, no gains 吗。 练好基本功 是学好英语的必要条件,没有扎实的英语基础,就谈不上继续学习,更谈不 上有所成就。要想基本功扎实,必须全神贯注地认真听讲,上好每一节课,提 高课堂效率, 脚踏实地、 一步一个脚印地, 做到以下“五到”: 一、 “心到”。

在课堂上应聚精会神,一刻也不能懈怠,大脑要始终处于积极状态,思维要 活跃、思路要开阔,心随老师走,听懂每一句话,抓住每一个环节,理解每 一个知识点,多联想、多思考,做到心领神会。 二、“手到”。学英语,一 定要做课堂笔记。因为人的记忆力是有限的,人不可能都过目不忘,记忆本 身就是不断与遗忘作斗争的过程。常言说,“好脑筋不如烂笔头”。老师讲 的知识可能在课堂上记住了,可是过了一段时间,就会忘记,所以,做好笔 记很有必要。英语知识也是一点点积累起来的,学到的每一个单词、词组以 及句型结构,都记在笔记本上,甚至是书的空白处或字里行间,这对以后的 复习巩固都是非常方便的。 三、“耳到”。在课堂上,认真听讲是十分必要 的,不但要专心听老师对知识的讲解,而且要认真听老师说英语的语音、语 调、重音、连读、失去爆破、断句等发音要领,以便培养自己纯正地道的英 语口语。听见听懂老师传授的每一个知识点,在头脑里形成反馈以帮助记忆; 理解领会老师提出的问题,以便迅速作答,对比同学对问题的回答,以加深 对问题的理解而取别人之长补自己之短。 四、“眼到”。在认真听讲的同时, 还要双眼紧随老师观察老师的动作、口形、表情、板书、绘图、教具展示等。 大脑里形成的视觉信息和听觉信息相结合,印象就会更加深刻。 五、“口 到”。学习语言,不张嘴不动口是学不好的,同学们最大的毛病是读书不出 声,害羞不敢张嘴。尤其是早读课,同学们只是用眼看或默读,这样就只有 视觉信息,而没有听觉信息在大脑里的反馈,当然记忆也不会太深刻,口部 肌肉也得不到锻炼,也就很难练就一口纯正的英语。所以,要充分利用早晨 头脑清醒的时间,大声朗读;课堂上要勇跃回答老师提问、积极参与同学间 讨论和辩论,课下对不清楚的问题及时提出,要克服害羞心理,不耻下问。

对学过的课文要多读、勤读、苦读,可以跟录音机读,竭力模仿其语音语调 以纠正发音,要读得抑扬顿挫朗朗上口,一些精典文章最好能背得滚爪烂熟。 利用一切可能的机会,练习英语口语,比如,与外教交流、参加“英语角” 活动、与同学进行对话、讲英语故事、唱英文歌曲、演英语短剧、进行诗歌 朗诵等。除了对课本中的范文要细读精读之外,还要多看些适合我们中学生 的课外读物,既可增长知识,又开阔了我们的视野,也提高了我们的阅读水 平。 学英语,词汇的记忆是必不可少的,词汇是学好英语的基础,没有了词 汇,也就谈不上句子,更谈不上文章,所以记单词对我们就显得极其重要。 记忆单词关键有二: 一是持之以恒:每天坚持记忆一定量的词汇,过几天再 回头复习一次,这样周期循环,反复记忆,经常使用,就会变短时记忆为长 时记忆并牢固掌握。需要注意的是,一旦开始,就要坚持下来,千万不能半 途而废,切不可三天打鱼,两天晒网。 二是良好的记忆方法:记忆单词的方 法很多,学无定法,但学有良法。我认为,张思中的“集中识词,分类记忆” 不失为一种适合中学生的好方法。把中学生应掌握的 3500 个单词集中汇总, 分门别类,先过单词关,然后再学教材,在课本中使用和巩固它们的用法。 分类的方法有多种,同一元音或元音字母组合发音相同的单词归为一类;根 据词形词性、同义词反义词等集中记忆;把相同词根、前缀、后缀、合成、 转化、派生等构词法相同的单词或词组列在一起集中识记印象比较深刻,记 忆效果也比较明显。这样每天记 40-80 个单词,坚持不懈,多联想,多思 考,多使用,词汇问题不就解决了吗?在学习的过程中多注视单词的用法和 词组的搭配,牢记老师讲过的单词惯用法和句型,这样不仅有助于我们解题, 而且在写作时也会信手拈来,运用自如。 把单词记住,了解词性、词义,掌

握其固定搭配与习惯用法,背会时态、从句的各种用法,工作只是完成了一 半,我们还得将它们应用到实践中去。就像学游泳,光学理论,不下水应用, 不等于掌握了这门技术。不必要搞题海战术,但一定量的典型练习来巩固所 学知识是必不可少的。先重视基础练习,如课后习题,单元同步练习,这些 是针对课堂知识的巩固性练习,不能好高骛远,光想着一口吃个胖子。基础 知识掌握后,有的放失地做一些语法方面的专项练习和考试题型的专题练习。 特别提倡同学们准备一本“错题集”,把平时做错的具有代表性的试题或语 言点记录下来,以备将来查漏补缺,这样对知识的掌握可以达到事半功倍的 效果。 英语是一种语言,不是记住了单词、词组、句型和语法项目就是把它 学好了,关键在于使用语言,所以在学习英语时一定要注意听、说、读、写、 译全面发展。英语学习首先是一个记忆过程,然后才是实践过程。学习英语, 无论如何,勤奋是不可少的,它是一个日积月累的渐进过程,是没有任何捷 径可走的,也没有所谓“速成”的灵丹妙方,急于求成,不做踏实工作,是 学不好英语的。任何成功的获得都要靠自己的努力,要踏踏实实、勤勤恳恳、 兢兢业业、一步一个脚印地学习,端正态度,认真对待学习中的挫折和失败。 失败并不可怕,可怕的是对自己丧失信心而一蹶不振。对考试的失败,冷静 分析,认真思考,只要对胜利充满信心,善于总结经验教训,不断努力,不 断追求,胜利一定是属于你们的


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