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2015届高考英语二轮专题精练:非谓语动词 (3)


2015 届高考英语二轮专题精练:非谓语动词 (3)
1. —What happened to Zhang Hao? —He broke his arm ________. A.when playing football B.when played football C.to play football D.playing the football 【答案】A 【解析】

when playing football 是 when he was playing football 的省略形式。 2.When the police came, the thief hid himself in the cave, ________his breath and didn’t dare to move. A.took C.holding 【答案】D 【解析】hold one’s breath 为固定搭配,意为“屏住呼吸”。该空与 hid 和 didn’t dare 为并列谓 语,故 D 项正确。] 3.________ cocaine increases the user’s heart rate and blood pressure. A.Use C.Using 【答案】C 【解析】动名词或不定式可作句子的主语,动词原形、过去时,一般现在时的第三人称单数 都不能作句子主语。 4.When I went home after work,I found my house ________ but nothing________. A.breaking into;stolen B.broken into;stealing C.breaking into;stealing D.broken into;stolen 【答案】D B.Used D.Uses B.taking D.held

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【解析】过去分词作宾补,表示宾语与补语之间是被动关系。 5.All of them try to use the power of the workstation ________ information in a more effective way. A.presenting C.being presented 【答案】D 【解析】此处用不定式短语作目的状语。句意为:他们所有人都想借助工作区的力量用一种 更有效的方式来呈现信息。 6.There were many talented actors out there just waiting________. A.to discover C.discovered 【答案】B 【解析】句意为:在外面有许多有才华的演员等着被发现。to be discovered 为不定式短语作 目的状语。discover 与其逻辑主语 actors 之间为动宾关系,且 discover 动作是将要发生,故 用动词不定式的被动式。 7.My cousin came to see me from the country,________ me a full basket of fresh fruits. A.brought C.to bring 【答案】B 【解析】bringing 与句子主语 my cousin 在逻辑上存在主谓关系,在此句当中用现在分词作 伴随状语。 8.My English teacher in Senior High school is a kind and handsome man________ Mr.Yu. A.calling C.calls 【答案】B 【解析】考查过去分词短语作定语的用法。man 和 call 之间为动宾关系,故用过去分词表示 被动。 9.French author Le Clezjo, a brilliant novelist Prize in literature in October, 2008. A.honored B.honoring
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B.presented D.to present

B.to be discovered D.being discovered

B.bringing D.had brought

B.called D.to call

as a child of all continents, won the Nobel

C.being honored

D.having honored

【答案】A 【答案解析】A 考查非谓语动词。句意:法国作家 Le Clezjo,一个杰出的被誉为是全(欧 洲)大陆/全球之子的小说家,在 2008 年 10 月获得了诺贝尔文学奖。有固定结构“honor sb + as + 称呼”,在此句中为 honor sb(the brillian novelist) as + a child of all continents.即被修饰词 a brilliant novelist 和动词 honor 之间是动宾/被动关系,所以必须用其过去分词形式 honor, 故选 A 项。 10.______exercise early in the morning has become part of his retired life. A. Take 【答案】C 【解析】C 考查非谓语动词 。句意:每天早上锻炼是他退休生活的一部分。Taking exercise 锻炼,动名词做主语,故选 C 项。 11._____ something to drink, as the movie will last three hours. A.Grab 【答案】A 【解析】 【知识点】非谓语动词 解析:很明显本句是个祈使句。句意:随便找点喝的东西,因为这部电影将持续三个小时。 12._____ an important decision more on emotion than on reason, you will regret it sooner or later. A.Based 【答案】B 【解析】 【知识点】非谓语动词 解析:Base…on..,把…建立在…的基础上,you 和 base 是主谓关系,用现在分词做状语。句 意:把重要的决定更多的建立在情感而不是原因上,你迟早会后悔的。 13.Our school called on us to donate our pocket money to the school damaged by the flood, _____ the students to return to their classrooms. A.enabling B.having enabled C.enable 【答案】A 【知识点】非谓语动词
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B. Takes

C. Taking

D. Taken

B.To grab

C.Grabbing

D.Grabbed

B.Basing

C.Base

D.To base

D.to have enabled

解析:enable 的逻辑主语是主句的主语,故用现在分词, 此处用现在分词短语作状语,表示 结果。 14.To learn English well, we should find opportunities to hear English can. A.speak 【答案】C 【解析】 【知识点】非谓语动词 解析: 动词 hear 的宾语是 English, 宾语与 speak 之间构成被动关系, 故使用过去分词 spoken. 15.The man of shooting 6 school children was caught by Beijing police. B.suspecting C.suspected D.to be suspected B.speaking C.spoken D.to speak as much as we

A.having suspected 【答案】C

16.The first book written by Noah Webster was selling one million copies a year by the 1850s, _____ it one of the most popular school books ever. A. to make 【答案】D 17.A series of food problems have been reported, ________ great concern about food safety. A.leading to C.led to 【答案】A 18.There have been several new events ______ to the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games. A. added 【答案】A 【解析】 【知识点】非谓语动词 解析:add 为及物动词,常用于 add sth.to sth.结构中,本题中应为 add several new events to the program。因此 add 与 new events 之间为动宾关系,故用过去分词作后置定语。 19.He’s regarded as a tuhao (vulgar tycoon), _______from the car he’s driving. A. to judge 【答案】B
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B. made

C. having made

D. making

B.leads to D.to lead to

B. to add

C. adding

D. having been added

B. judging

C. judged D. having judged

【知识点】非谓语动词 解析:主句的主语是 judge 的逻辑主语,故用 judging,表主动。 20.Ella has been complaining about the traffic A.keep 【答案】C 【知识点】非谓语动词 现在分词做伴随状语。 21. 浙江省杭州二中 2015 届高三第二次月考英语试题 The movie Jurassic Park was a big hit, with its novel idea ________ a mixture of fear and excitement into people’s hearts. A. strikes 【答案】D 【知识点】非谓语动词 解析:考查 with 复合结构,Its novel idea 和 strike 是主动关系,选 D。 :句意:电影《侏罗纪 公园》大受欢迎,其新奇的想法使某人感到惊人的恐惧和兴奋。 22.They wanted the house at the foot of the mountain ________ in a way to look pretty. A. build 【答案】C 【考点】考察分词做定语 本句中的动词 build 与名词 the house 构成逻辑上的被动关系,故使用过去分词在句中做定 语。他们想要山脚下的房子被修建成一种看起来很漂亮的样子。本题 AB 两项表示的都是主 动关系,D 项是现在分词的被动关系,表示正在进行。本题并不表示正在进行。故 C 正确。 23.For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit _____ on his own farm. A. grown 〖答案〗A 〖考点〗考察非谓语动词 〖解析〗早餐他只喝在自己农庄种植出来的新鲜水果的果汁。水果成熟了才会拿来做果汁, 因此用过去分词作后置定语, 表示已经完成及被动的意思。答案 A。 24.He was close to ________ in the accident. A. be killed B. being killed C. killed D. Killing
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her awake at night. D.kept

B.to keep

C.keeping

B. struck

C. to strike

D. striking

B. to build

C. built

D. being built

B. being grown

C. to be grown

D. to grow

【答案】B 【考点】考察动名词用法 固定搭配 be close to 接近…;其中的 to 是介词,后面要接动名词 doing 的形式。句义:在这 起事故里,他几乎被杀死。根据句义说明使用被动语态的形式 being killed。故 B 正确。 25.I hear they’ve promoted Tom, but he didn’t mention phone. A.to promote C.having promoted 〖答案〗B 〖考点〗考查非谓语动词。 〖解析〗 句意为: 我听说他们提拔了汤姆, 但我们在电话中交谈时汤姆并未提及被提拔之事。 mention 后跟名词或动名词作宾语, 此处要用动名词的完成被动式表示, “被提拔” 的动作在 mention 前发生。 26.When he rushed there, he found a man ________ on the road, ________. A. lying ; dead 【答案】A 【解析】 【考点】考察分词做宾语补足语 本句中的动词 lie 与动词 find 的宾语 a man 构成逻辑上的主动关系,故使用现在分词 lying 做宾语补足语,形容词 dead 是 die 的过去分词所转换的形容词。句义:当他跑到那里的时 候,他发现一个男人躺在路上,死了!故 A 正确。 27. ________ her father, the little girl ran to him, her schoolbag ________ behind her. A. Seeing; flying B. Seen; flown C. To see; to fly D. Seeing; was flying B. laying ; died C. lying ; died D. laying ; dead B.having been promoted D.to be promoted when we talked on the

A 考查现在分词的用法。 第一空相当于 when the little girl saw her father, 其可改为 seeing her father;第二空考查独立主格结构作伴随状语。 28.It is believed that movies, also ________ motion pictures, were introduced into China near the end of the 19th century. A. to be called 【答案】D 【考点】考察分词做定语
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B. to call C. calling

D. called

本句中的动词 call 与前面的名词 movies 构成逻辑上的被动关系,所以使用过去分词做在句 中做定语。据报道那些电影,也被称为动作片,大约是在 19 世纪结束的时候被介绍进入中 国的。 29.It is one of the funniest things A.finding 〖答案〗D 〖考点〗考查非谓语动词。 〖解析〗found 此处为过去分词作后置定语, 用来修饰 things, 与 things 构成被动关系。句 B.being found C.to find on the Internet so far this year. D.found

意为:这是今年到目前为止在因特网上发现的最滑稽的事情之一。 30.________ we stand; ________ we fall. A. United ; divided 【答案】A 【考点】考察分词做状语 本句中考察的是分词做条件状语, 动词 unite 团结, divide 分裂与句子的主语 we 构成逻辑上 的被动关系,所以使用过去分词在句中做状语。United=If we are united 如果我们被团结在一 起;divided=If we are divided 如果我们被分裂。句义:团结,我们就会成功;分裂,我们就 会失败。故 A 正确。 B. United ; dividing C. Uniting ; dividing D. Uniting ; divided

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