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英语高一人教版新课标必修1Unit


Unit4 Earthquake Grammar

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1

Revision All the students are not here. Everything is not good. Both of them are not students.

None of t

he students is here. Nothing is good. Neither of them is a student.

定语从句
The Attributive Clause
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带定语从句的谚语:
1.

God helps those who help themselves.

自助者天助之。 2. He who laughs last laughs best. 谁笑到最后,谁笑的最好。 3. He who doesn’t reach the Great Wall is not a true man. 不到长城非好汉。

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Some sentences with atrributive clause in the text

1.Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost _________________ as strong as the first one __________shookTangshan. 2.The army organized teams to dig out who were trapped and to bury the dead
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But the people in the city, ________________ who thought little _____________ of these events, went to sleep as usual that night.

It was heard in Beijing, which is more than 200 ______________________ kilometers away. _______________
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A huge crack ____________ that was eight _________________________ kilometers long and thirty ____________ cut across meters wide houses, roads and canals.

The number of people ____ who were killed or injured __________________ reached more than 400,000.
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定语从句的相关概念
1.定义: 在复合句中修饰名词或代词的从句 2.先行词: 被修饰的名词,代词或整句话 There was an earthquake which happened in Tangshan in 1976. 3.引导定语从句的词 关系代词、关系副词:
关系代词: who, whom, whose, which, that等 关系副词: when, where, why等
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关系代词的用法 关系代词在从句中可以:
指人 指物 subject (主语) that which who whom

何时可以省略?
做宾语时可以省略 object attribute (宾语) (定语)



√ √

√ √ √

√ √ √ √

√ √ √ √

whose
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看图连句
Let me try!

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The man who ran fastest _________________ is Liuxiang. Liuxiang is the man ________________. who ran fastest

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a boy, has a scar, forehead

Harry Porter is a boy ____________ who/that has _____________________. a scar on his forehead
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Changzhou

develop fast

a city

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Changzhou is a city ___________________ which /that develops _____. fast

13

Which house is mine?
My house

房顶是棕色的房子是我的。

The house _________________ is mine. whose roof is brown

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The city host(举办) 2oo8 Olympic Games

Beijing

which\that hosted the 2008 The city _________________________________ Olympic Games ___________________ is Beijing.
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Beckham is a football player.

He is handsome.

Beckham is a football player, who is handsome _______________.
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Beckham, who is handsome ___________________________, is a football player.

16

1.The man _________came to our school is Mr. Wang. who, that
2.The girl whom, that, who, / I met is Lucy. _________________

3.A child _______parents are dead is called Tom. whose
4.I like the book ____________ you bought yesterday. that, which, /

5. We shall never forget the days ____________we that, which, /
spent together.

6.I like the person _________you just talked. to whom
7. I have a room ________window faces south. whose
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一、that和which用法的区别
1、只能用that不用which的情况
(1) 先行词为all, everything, nothing, something,
anything, little, much 等不定代词时。

(that) I am sure she has something _____ you can borrow.
Do you have anything _____ you don’t understand? (that) (2)先行词被all, every, no, some, any, little, much等 修饰时。 I’ve read all the books _____ you lend me. that Please send us any information _____ you have that about the subject.
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(3)先行词被序数词或最高级修饰时。
This is the first book _____ he has read. (that) that It is the most beautiful city _____ I’ve ever seen. (4)先行词被the only, the very, the same, the last修饰 时。 that This is the very book _____ belongs to him. that He is the only person _____ was present at the time.
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(5)先行词既有人又有物时。 The famous writer and his works _____ the radio that broadcast are popular to the students. (6) 先行词是who或which引导的主句。 Who is the girl _____ drove the car? that (7) 主句以there be 引导时。 There are more than 400,000 people _____ died or that were injured in the earthquake.
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2、只用which不用that的情况
(1) 关系代词在限制性定语从句中紧跟介词作宾语 (介词提前)。 under which There are many trees __________ they can have a rest.

This is the ring __________ she spent 1000 on which dollars.
(2) 在非限制性定语从句中。 which Football, ______ is a very popular game, is played all over the world.
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二、只用who的情况
who One ____ has nothing to fear dares to tell the truth. who The ones ____ laugh at the disabled are not good students. Anyone ____ fails to finish the task should who be punished. Those ____ want to go to The Great Wall who sigh up here.

先行词是one, ones, anyone, those时用who.
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3. 表所有关系及整体中的一部分或全部时,用介 词of, 有时可用whose转换。 of which 1) I’m painting a house, the roof _________ is round. I’m painting a house __________ is whose roof round. 2) They live in a house, _______ windows face whose south. They live in a house, the windows of which _________ face south.
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Let me try!

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Exercises:
1. All ______ is useful to us is good. A.which B.what C.that D.whether 2. She will never forget the days ______ she spent in Beijing. A.when B.what C.which D.why 3. The man ______ you are talking about is in the next room. A. to whom B. whom C. who D. which
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4. The text is one of the most interesting stories ______ learned in the past three years. A.that have B. that have been C.which has D. which has been 5. The college won’t take on anyone ______ eyesight is weak. A.who B.whose C.of whom D.which 26 2013年12月16日星期一

6. Here is the bicycle ______ in the shop. A.that you saw it B.that saw it C.you saw D.you saw it 7. Those ______ to take part in the game write down your names, please. A.who B.who want C.that wants D want 8. I, _____ your good friend, will try my best to help you out. A.who is B.what is C.what am D.who am
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Make a report about the typhoon: (using attributive clauses)

typhoon
on Oct. 7th

attack Huzhou
for a long time

strong wind and heavy rain
cause damage 5 million people

go through
buildings

trapped or injured
flood and mud-rock flow

4.5 billion money
on one was killed
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rescue, help

29

Make a report about the typhoon:

(using attributive clauses)
There was a typhoon ______ attacked Huzhou on Oct. that 7th this year. It was a strong typhoon ___________ stayed that / which in Zhejiang for a long time. It brought strong wind and heavy rain, ______ caused a lot of damage. More than 5 which million people went through the typhoon, among ______ whom many people were trapped or injured. Many buildings fell down. It caused flood and mud-rock flow in many places, which resulted in a loss of more than 4.5 billion money. _____ Teams were organized to rescue those ______ were trapped who and help was given to those ______ suffered from the who typhoon. Luckily, it was reported that no one was killed.
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Homework: 1. Review the Attributive Clause

2. Exercise Book A, P33-35 (1、4)
3. Exercise Book B, P18-19 (1、2)

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