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【名师导学系列】2013年高考英语人教版第一轮精品配套练习必修5 Unit 2 The United Kingdom


Unit 2 核心词汇

The United Kingdom 联合王国

1 . The students were puzzled with the problem , but the teacher’s explanation____________(澄清)it. 2.If they want to ____________(完成)a

ll that in two days,they’ll have to work day and night. 3.The ____________(冲突)between the employer and the employees led to a strike last week. 4. Call me when you arrive at the airport.I’ll ____________(安排)for a car to pick you up. 5.The little girl was t____________ when the film star kissed her cheek. 6 . The staff at the hotel spared no effort to ensure that our stay would be ____________(令人愉快的). 7.The couple often ____________(吵架),which annoyed their neighbors. 8. words are always ____________(一致的)with his actions, His which has led to him having a lot of close friends. 9.He was ____________(不乐意)to face the fact that he had lost,and left without a word. 10.After writing the letter,he ____________(折叠)it,and put it into an envelope. 11. He____________the robbery in detail to the policeman and his ____________was very valuable—the police caught the robber in a short time.(describe) 12.用 unite 的适当形式填空 (1)The Trade____________Movement works to obtain higher wages and better conditions. (2)Police chiefs called on the local people to ____________ against the drug dealers. (3)The ____________ Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. 1.clarified 2.accomplish 3.conflict 4.arrange 5.thrilled 6.enjoyable 7.quarreled 8.consistent 9.unwilling 10.folded 11.described;description 12.(1)Union (2)unite (3)United

高频短语
1.________________ 2.________________ 3.________________ 4.________________ 5.________________ 6.________________ 7.________________ 8.________________ 9.________________ 10.________________ 11.________________ 由……组成 把……分成 挣脱(束缚);脱离 为……带来荣誉;值得赞扬;在……名下 省去;遗漏;不考虑 代替 (机器)损坏;破坏 谈到,说到;参考;涉及 把……列出清单 在特殊场合 对……感到骄傲
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1.consist of 2.divide...into 3.break away(from) 4.to one’s credit 5.leave out 6.take the place of 7.break down 8.refer to 9.make a list of 10.on special occasion 11.feel proud of

重点句式
1.Now when people refer to England you __________________ as well. 现在当人们说到英格兰时,你会发现威尔士也包括在其中。 2.____________ the time available,Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London. 由于担心时间不够,张萍玉早就把她想要在伦敦参观的地点列了一张清单。 3. ________________the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London. 这似乎是一件怪事: 这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去 世。 4.________________ the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. 十九世纪建的工业城市不能吸引游客,真是遗憾。 5.It looked splendid ____________! 刚建成时,它(圣保罗大教堂)看起来真是金碧辉煌! 6. You must keep your eyes open if you are going to ________ your trip to the United Kingdom __________________. 如果你想使你在英国的旅行有意义而且有价值,你必须睁大眼睛。 1.find Wales included 2.Worried about 3.It seemed strange that 4.It is a pity that 5.when first built 6.make;enjoyable and worthwhile

知识详解
1attract vt. 吸引;引起 (回归课本 P10)It is a pity that the industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract visitors. 可惜的是,这些建于 19 世纪的工业城市不能吸引游客。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ① (牛津 P112)I had always been attracted by the idea of working abroad. 我总是向往去国外工作。 ② (牛津 P112)What first attracted me to her was her sense of humour. 她首先吸引我的是她的幽默感。 ③ The company is starting a new advertising campaign to attract new customers to its stores. 这家公司发起了新一轮广告活动来吸引新的顾客到其商店来。 ④ Attracted by the beauty of nature,the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm. 被大自然的美所吸引,来自伦敦的小女孩决定再在农场住两天。 ⑤ This is one of the most attractive places I’ve been to. 这是我到过的最迷人的地方之一。
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1.(2010 年高考江苏卷)Thousands of foreigners were ________to the Shanghai World Expo the day it opened. A.attended B.attained C.attracted D.attached 解析:选 C。句意:上海世博会开幕当天就吸引了成千上万的外国游客。本题考 查动词。attend 参加,出席,在此处不应用被动语态,故可排除;attain 达到, 获得;attract 吸引;attach 贴(系)上;使附属;使依附,根据句意可知答案为 C 项。 [即境活用] 2.—Have you ever been to Mount Tai? —Yes.It is one of the most famous ________in Shandong. A.attractions B.expressions C.instructions D.attentions 解析:选 A。答句句意:是的。它是山东最著名的景点之一。 2convenience n. 便利,方便;便利的事物;便利设施 (回归课本 P10)England is the largest of the four countries,and for convenience it is divided roughly into three zones.英格兰是四个国家中最大的,为方便起见,它大 体上分成三个区。 [归纳拓展] ① (朗文 P441)I’ll call in two weeks to arrange a meeting at your convenience. 我会在两周后打电话来把会议安排在您方便的时候。 ② (朗文 P441)Convenience foods let you spend more quality time with your family. 方便食品使你拥有了更多与家人在一起的幸福时光。 [例句探源] ③ Many people enjoy the pleasures and convenience of living in a city centre.许多人 享受住在市中心的乐趣和便利。 ④ Come and see me whenever it is convenient to you. 只要你方便,随时可以过来看我。 ⑤ They abruptly disappeared into a convenient hole in the wall.他们突然一下子就消 失在墙壁附近的洞里去了。 3.Would it be________for you to pick me up at four o’clock and take me to the airport? A.free B.vacant C.handy D.convenient 解析: D。 选 句意: 四点钟接我并把我送到机场, 对你来说方便吗?It is convenient for sb. to do sth.某人做某事很方便。 [即境活用] 4.If it is quite________to you,I will visit you next Tuesday. A.convenient B.fair C.easy D.comfortable 解析:选 A。此题考查词语辨析。If it is convenient to you 如果你方便的话……。 3arrange v. 筹备;安排;整理;布置;排列 (回归课本 P13)They had no time to arrange their own wedding,so they had it organized by a company.他们没有时间筹备自己的婚礼, 因此他们让一家公司代为
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组织。 [归纳拓展] ① The secretary arranged an appointment for me with the manager.秘书替我向经理 预约。 ② The travel agency has arranged for a double room for my family and myself. 旅行社已为我和我的家人安排了一间双人房。 ③ arranged to meet at the cinema at 7∶ We 30,but he failed to turn up.我们约定 7 点 30 分在电影院见面,但他没来。 [例句探源] ④ The manager arranged that the meeting (should)be put off for a couple of days. 经理安排会议推迟几天。 ⑤ (全国高考)As far as I know,everyone is happy about this new arrangement of things. 据我所知,每个人都对事件的新安排表示满意。 5.完成句子 (1)父母没有必要为孩子安排好一切。 It’s not necessary for parents to ________ ________ ________ their children. 答案:arrange everything for (2)当地报纸安排对斯坦教授进行专访。 The local newspaper ________ ________ ________ an interview with Professor Stein. 答案:made arrangements for [即境活用] 4delight n. 快乐,高兴,喜悦 vt.& vi.(使)高兴,(使)欣喜 (回归课本 P14) Her first delight was going to the Tower. 她最先想参观的地方是伦敦塔。 [归纳拓展] ① (牛津 P528)She won the game easily,to the delight of all her fans. 这场比赛她赢得很轻松,令所有的崇拜者大为高兴。 ② (牛津 P528)He takes great delight in proving others wrong. 他以证实别人出错为一大快事。 ③ often delighted his children with funny stories. He [例句探源] 他时常以滑稽可笑的故事使他的孩子们高兴。 ④ cannot tell you how delighted I was with the beautiful birthday present you gave I me.我无法告诉你我收到你赠送的漂亮的生日礼物的时候,我是多么的高兴。 6.As teachers,we should be ________of our students’ feelings.And then they will trust us. A.anxious B.afraid C.delighted D.considerate 解析:选 D。形容词辨析。be considerate of 固定搭配,意思是“体谅”。句意: 作为老师,我们应该体谅学生(的感情),这样他们才会相信我们。 [即境活用]
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7.Much to her ________,her son didn’t fail the exam.Instead,he passed. A.attraction B.delight C.error D.view 解析:选 B。句意:令她高兴的是,她儿子没有考试不及格。相反他通过了。to one’s delight 令某人高兴的是……。 5consist of 由……组成 (回归课本 P9)How many countries does the UK consist of?联合王国由几个国家组 成? [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ③ job consists of helping old people who live alone. His 他的工作包括帮助独居的老人。 ④ Happiness does not consist in how much money you have. 幸福不在于你拥有多少金钱。 8.New Zealand is a country lying off the eastern coast of Australia,________ ________ ________ ________ ________(包括两大岛屿)and many smaller ones. 答案:consisting of two big islands [即境活用] 6divide into 把……分开 (回归课本 P9)England can be divided into three main areas. 英国可以划分为三个主要地区。 ① Let’s divide these students into small groups for oral practice.让我们把这些学生分 成小组做口语练习。 ② This examination is divided into two parts and covers the following subjects.这次考 查分两个部分,包括下列科目。 [例句探源] ③ (浙江高考)As the work can be divided among several people,it can be done efficiently. 因为工作可以由几个人共同分担,所以可以做得很有效率。 ④ (陕西高考)There is much work to do,so we’ll have to divide it between us. 有那么多工作要做,因此我们必须在我们中分配一下。 divide into,separate...from [易混辨析]

divide(...into...)常指把某个整体划分为若干部 分

separate(...from...)表示“将……与……分开”, 指把原来连在一起或靠近的分隔开来

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① How can you divide this line into 20 equal parts? ② England is separated from France by the English Channel. ③ we joined the big crowd,I got separated from my friends. As 9.学生被分为四组,开始做游戏。 The students in the class ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ before they started the game. 答案:were divided into four groups [即境活用] 7take the place of 代替 (回归课本 P12)All of the words below can take the place of said,but they are used under different conditions and in different situations. 下列所有单词都可以取代 said,但它们用于不同的情况和语境。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ③ (辽宁高考)Important changes took place in the lives of women in the 19th century. 在 19 世纪,妇女的生活发生了重大变化。 10.用 take the place of;take place;in place of;in place 填空: (1)We instructed her to leave everything ________________________,just as she found it. 答案:in place (2)Mr.Smith will go to Beijing next month,when a new English teacher will teach us______________________him. [即境活用] 答案:in place of (3)Sending email has almost ____________________writing letters. 答案:taken the place of (4)Can you tell me what changes have ____________________ since the telephone was invented? 答案:taken place 8break down (机器)出故障;破坏;(谈判、希望、计划等)失败,破裂;(化学) 分解;(身体)垮掉 (回归课本 P13)On my way to the station my car broke down. 在去车站的路上,我的汽车坏了。 [归纳拓展] ① (牛津 P229)The elevators in the building are always breaking down. 这幢楼里的电梯总是出故障。 ② (辽宁高考)Then his health broke down,and he had to take a long holiday abroad. 之后他的身体累垮了,得去国外休一段长假。 [例句探源] ③ (全国高考)News reports say peace talks between the two countries have broken down with no agreement reached. 据报道两国的和谈破裂了,没达成任何协议。 【高效记忆】
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11.(2009 年高考四川卷)—How about your journey to Mount Emei? —Everything was wonderful except that our car________twice on the way. A.slowed down B.broke down C.got down D.put down [即境活用] 解析:选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:“你的峨眉山之行怎样?”“除了路上车 出了两次故障外,一切都很好。”break down(车等)出故障,谈判破裂,(健康等) 垮掉,(计算机等)崩溃,分解等。slow down 减速;get down 从……下来,下车; put down 写下,记下,镇压,放下。 12.(2009 年高考江苏卷)—I’m surprised to hear that Sue and Paul have ________. —So am I.They seemed very happy together when I last saw them. A.broken up B.finished up C.divided up D.closed up 解析:选 A。根据语境可以知道,题干想表达“Sue 和 Paul 已经分手”的情况。选 项 A 是不及物动词,意为“结束”;选项 B 是及物动词,意为“结果成为,以…… 告终”;选项 C 是及物动词,意为“(使)分开”;选项 D 是及物动词,意为“合上, 合拢”。根据语境,选项 A 正确。

句型梳理
1【教材原句】 It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London.(P14) 这似乎是一件怪事: 这位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过,并且在伦敦去 世。 【句法分析】 should 用在 that 从句中表达感情、意志,意为“竟然,居然”。 ① surprised that you should speak in that way. I’m 我很惊讶你居然用那种方式说话。 ② glad that your story should have won the first prize. I’m 我很高兴你的小说居然赢得一等奖。 【温馨提示】 should have done 还可以表示过去该做某事,意为“本应该……; 要是已经……就好了”。 ③ (2009 年高考全国卷)We should have studied last night,but we went to the concert instead. 昨晚我们本应该学习,但我们却参加音乐会去了。 ④ (全国高考)I was really anxious about you.You shouldn’t have left home without a word. 我很担心你。你不该一句话没说就离开家。 13.(2011 年石家庄质检)—Did you punish him for that? —Yes,but I don’t think I________. A.should have done so B.need to have done so
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C.should do that D.ought have done that 解析: A。 选 从上下文的语境可以看出是发生在过去的事情, 用“should have done” 结构在本句中表示“本不该做而做了某事”。 [即境活用] 14.Since you have made such good preparations,there________be any problem about passing the coming exam. A.mustn’t B.shan’t C.shouldn’t D.needn’t 解析:选 C。shouldn’t 表示“不应该”,符合语境。 2 【教材原句】 Worried about the time available, Zhang Pingyu had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.(P4) 由于担心时间不够,张萍玉早就把她想在伦敦参观的地点列了一张单子。 【句法分析】 (1)worried about...为过去分词短语作状语,表原因。 ① Well known for his expert advice, was able to help a great number of people with he their personal affairs. 他的足智多谋广为人知,因此他能帮助很多人解决私事。 ② Deeply moved by the story,the children began to cry. 被故事深深地感动,孩子们开始哭了起来。 ③ When I opened the door, found him seated in the chair, I absorbed in his magazine. 当我打开门,发现他坐在椅子上,专心看杂志。 (2)available adj.可以利用的;有用的;有空的 ④ the library available during the summer vacation? Is 图书馆在暑假期间开放吗? ⑤ There is only a little money available for the trip. 这次旅行只有少数钱可供使用。 ⑥ regret to inform you that there are no tickets available for Friday’s performance. I 我很遗憾地通知你,星期五演出的票没有了。 15.There are plenty of jobs________in the western part of the country. A.present B.available C.precious D.convenient 解析:选 B。句意:在那个国家西部地区有许多工作供你选择。present 目前的, 现在的(前置定语);出席的,在场的(后置定语);available 可用的,可得到的, 可达到的;precious 宝贵的,珍贵的;convenient 方便的,便利的。 [即境活用] 16.(2011 年重庆第二次诊断)Shella forgot all about the dog and the TV set, ________in the new magazine that had come in the mail. A.deeply lost B.deeply losing C.was deeply lost D.and deeply lost 解析:选 A。考查非谓语动词。deeply lost 为过去分词作状语,表示原因。句意: 由于 Shella 沉迷于邮件中的新杂志,所以她忘记了狗和电视。 3【教材原句】 It looked splendid when first built!(P14) 刚建成时,它(圣保罗大教堂)看起来真是金碧辉煌! 【句法分析】 当从句的主语与主句的主语一致或主语为 it,且谓语部分含有动
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词 be 时,这时可把从句的主语(或 it)连同谓语动词 be 省略掉,省略后的部分为 “when+分词/介词短语/形容词/名词短语等”。 (1)when+现在分词 ① Look out for cars when(you are)crossing the road. 在过马路时要注意车辆。 (2)when+过去分词 ② Metals expand when(they are)heated. 金属加热时,会膨胀。 (3)when+介词短语 ③ When(you are)in trouble,ask him for help. 遇到困难时可向他求助。 (4)when+形容词(短语) ④ When (they were) young,they moved to Pairs. 年轻时他们就移居巴黎了。 (5)when+名词(短语) ⑤ When(she was)a girl,she wrote a novel. 当她还是个女孩时,她写了一部小说。 17.(2011 年福建毕业班检查)—Will the match be cancelled because of the bad weather? —No.Rain or shine,the match will be held as________. A.schedule B.scheduling C.scheduled D.to schedule [即境活用] 解析:选 C。考查非谓语动词。非谓语动词的解题关键在于找到逻辑主语,然后 判断与此动词的逻辑关系。此处逻辑主语是前面的 the match,与 schedule 构成 动宾关系, 所以用过去分词形式 scheduled, 其实此处也可以看作是 as the match is scheduled 的省略,故答案选 C 项。 18.We all know that,________,the situation will get worse. A.not if dealt carefully with B.if not carefully dealt with C.not if dealt carefully with D.not if carefully dealt with 解析: B。 选 考查状语从句的省略。 此状语从句完整结构应为“if the situation is not carefully dealt with”。选项 A、C、D 结构错误,均可被排除。

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