在英语中，某些及物动词不仅需要宾语，而且还要求某个词或词组来补充说明宾语，即表示宾语代表的人或 物所发出的动作或所处的状态，这个词或短语称为宾语补足语。有些语法书把宾语和补足语称为复合宾语。 句型：及物动词+宾语（n./pron.）+ 宾语补足语（n./ adj./ adv./ to do/ -ing/ -ed/ 介词短语 共 7 种表示法） （1）.
感官动词 feel，hear，listen to，see，watch，notice，observe，look at（一感二听五看） 等。 ① + do 作宾补，表示事情全过程或一次性动作，该动作已完成。表示一个事实。 ② + doing 作宾补，表示一个正在进行和发生的动作，尚未结束。具有一定的描述性。 ③ + done 作宾补，sb 跟 done 之间是被动关系 。 1. I saw him ___________(change )the wheel of his car.我看见他在换汽车轮子。 2. I saw him ___________(change)the wheel of his car.我看见他换汽车轮子。 3. I saw the wheel of his car_________( change) by a boy just now. 6. Suddenly I noticed her__________( stand) outside. 突然我注意到她正站在外边。 8. We can hear the windows ___________(beat) by the heavy rain drops. 12. I have never heard the song __________(sing) in my school. 我从未听过这首歌在我们学校唱过。 5. I felt an ant_________ ( climb) over my leg. 我感到一只蚂蚁正在我的腿上爬。 9. They felt themselves _________(cheat). 13. In the dream Peter saw himself __________ by a fierce wolf, and he woke suddenly with a start. (2006 上海卷) A. chased B. to be chased C. be chased D. having been chased 14. After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother ’s voice him. (2007 上海春) A. calling B. called C. being called D. to call （2）．表示“致使”动词 get，have，make 等。 ① 在 make 后，不能用 doing 作宾补，可以用 done 作宾补，表示被动。 1. He raised his voice to make everybody in the room _____ (hear) him clearly. 2. He raised his voice to make himself _______ (hear). 3. When I first went to Britain,I found it hard to make myself _________(understand). 4. I had to speak louder to make myself ______(understand) by the students. ② 在 have，get, leave 后, 用 doing 表示动作持续进行; 用（to）do 表示主动，但不强调动作的持续; (思考：leave sb. to do sth ? ) 用 done 表示被动。 have 1. Who had him＿＿＿＿＿( take) the book away? 2. Don’t have the dog＿＿＿＿＿( bark) much，Lilin. 李林，别让狗狂吠不停。 3. She had her money ＿＿＿＿＿(steal) when she got on the bus. 4. I had my watch ＿＿＿＿＿(repair) last week. 5. I’m leaving .Do you have anything ＿＿＿＿＿( say)? 6. --Good morning. Can I help you? --I'd like to have the package__________(weigh), madam.（MET89） 7. The villagers are going to have a new bridge ＿＿＿＿＿(build) over the river． 8. We had the machine ＿＿＿＿＿(mend) just now. 9. The boss often has them ＿＿＿＿＿(work) for 14 hours a day. 10. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English ________in a short period. A. improved B. improving C. to improve D. Improve 11.He feels it dangerous for a girl to be out late at night so he won't have his daughter＿＿home late A arrive B arrived C to arrive D arriving
12.She had her money ＿＿＿＿＿(steal) when she got on the bus. 13. She is going to attend an important meeting ,but she has no clothes＿＿＿＿＿ (wear). 14. The poor woman had a small room ＿＿＿＿＿(live in). 15. We have a lot of money .Do you have anything＿＿＿＿＿(worry about)？ 16. " Do you have any clothes ＿＿＿＿＿(wash)?,Sir" asked the maid(女仆). 17. I can’t go swimming today, for I have so many clothes ＿＿＿＿＿(wash). get 1. He managed to get the task________(finish) on time. 他设法按时完成了任务。 2. The director got her assistant __________some hot dogs for the meeting. (2008 全国 II 卷) A. picked up B. picks up C.to pick up D. picking up 3. The boss is always getting her ______ (type) letters for him. 4. The boss made the workers ______ (work) day and night. leave 1. Please excuse me if I have left any of your questions _______(unanswer). 2. Don’t leave her ______ outside in the rain(waiting). 3. He was covered by a blanket,leaving only his face ______(expose). 9. They shut the door and left, leaving the fire________(burn). 他们关上门走开了，留下火在燃烧 4. A good story does not necessarily have to have a happy ending, but the reader must not be left______.(06 天津卷) A．unsatisfied B．unsatisfying C．to be unsatisfying D．being unsatisfied 5. His remarks left me ______ about his real purpose. A. wondered B. wonder C. to wonder A. leaving, unlocked A. running B. run D. wondering C. left, unlocked D. to leave, unlocking 6. John rushed out in a hurry, ______ the door _______. B. leaving, unlocking C. being run D. to run 7. Don’t leave the water ______ while you brush your teeth.
③ 在 keep,find, catch ,send 等词后，用 done 作宾补表示被动，用 doing 表示主动。 1. They use computers to keep the traffic _________smoothly. (2009 全国 II 卷) A. being run B. run C. to run D. running 2. Sorry I kept you_____( wait) a long time. 对不起，让您久等了。 3. As soon as we got the news, we’ll keep you _______(inform) at once. 4. The fire sent everyone _____(run) out of the hotel. 5. I caught him ______(steal ) in the super market. 6. When he came to himself,he found him_____(lie) on a bed. 7. Those naughty boys were caught ________ flowers in the garden again. A. to steal B. steal C. stealing D. Stolen 8. When we went home, we found the door ______ (lock). 9. The American Chinese is amazed to find his hometown greatly _________(change). (3). with 结构过去分词用在“with+宾语+宾补”这一结构 I. 用所给词的正确形式填空 11.In parts of Asia you must not sit with your feet _____________(point) at another person. 12.He lay there with his eyes ___________(look) at the sky. 13.The students are listening to the teacher with their eyes ___________(fix) on the blackboard.
14.The thief was brought in with his hands___________（ tied） back. 15.With all these mouths__________（feed）, he didn’t know what to do. 16. With time ___________( go) by, we understand more and more. 17.The teacher came in _________________________________.（手里拿着一些教科书） 18.It is a beautiful village with a mountain____ it. A. surrounded B. surrounding C. having surrounded D. having been surrounded 19.with so much work________(do), he felt upset. 20. with a lot of problems_________( deal with), the new president has a hard time. 21.with all the problems_________( settle), the president felt at ease. 22. with so many friends________( care about) me , I feel very happy. 23.The thief was brought in, with his hands ________ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tired D. tied 25. — Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. — Sorry. With so much work ________ my mind, I almost break down. (2007 福建卷) A. filled B. filling C. to fill D. being filled
1.I’ m going to have my car ____. A. to be fixed B. to fix C. fixed D. to fix 2. He had his leg ____ in the match yesterday. A. to break B. broken C. break D. breaking 3. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ____ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 4. I found a car ____ in a pool by the side of the road. A. to be stuck B. stuck C. sticking D. stick 5. ——By the way, when did you get your bedroom ____? ——Last week. A. to paint B. painted C. painting D. to be painted 6. The children were found ____ in the cave. A. trapping B. trapped C. to be trapped D. be trapped 7. On a ____ morning the little girl was found ____ at the corner of the street. A. freezing; freezing B. freezing; frozen C. frozen; frozen D. frozen; freezing 8. Before he came to London, he had never heard a single English word ____. A. speaking B. spoken C. to be spoken D. speak 9. ____ from space, the earth, with water ____ seventy percent of its surface, looks like a blue ball. A. Seen; covered B. Seen; covering C. Seeing; covering D. Seeing; covered 10. I’m afraid that I can’t make myself ____ because of my poor English. A. understand B. understanding C. to understand D. understood 11. Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had ____ went wrong again. A. it B. it repaired C. repaired D. to be repaired 12. It is wise to have some money ____ for old age. A. put away B. keep up C. give away D. laid up 13. I don’t want the children ____ out in such weather. A. take B. to take C. taken D. taking 14. Jane got her bad tooth ____ at the dentist’s. A. to put in B. pulled out C. pushed out D. drawing out 15. With a lot of difficulties ____, they went to the seashore and had a good rest. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled
1. I smell something ___________ in the kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute? （2007 全国 I） A. burning B. burnt C. being burnt D. to be burnt 2. After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother's voice ______ him. (2007 年上海卷) A. calling B. called C. being called D. to call 3. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English _____ in a short period. A. improved B. improving C. to improve D. improve 4. -- Did Peter fix the computer himself? -- He ______, because he doesn't know much about computers. (2007 安徽) A. has it fixed B. had fixed it C. had it fixed D. fixed it 5.The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ＿＿＿ the next year． A．carry out B．carrying out C．carried out D．to carry out 6. I fell down and broke three of my teeth. I wonder how many times I have to come here and get my false teeth _______. A. fix B. fixing C. fixed D. to fix 7. He looked around and caught a man ______ his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting 8. The visit _____ to Guilin is worth remembering for ever. A. paid B. paying C. to pay D. being paid 9. When I entered his office, I saw a gun ______ on the wall. A. fasten B. fastened C. fastening D. to fasten 10. When I got there, I found the farm tools _______. A. having repaired B. repaired C. repairing D. be repairing 11.You should understand the traffic rule by now. You've had it ___often enough. A. explaining B. to explain C. explain D. explained 12.----There is a hole in your bag? ----I know. I'm going to have it __________. A. mend B. mending C.mended D. to be mended