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2015-2016学年高中英语 Unit1 Friendship综合微评 新人教版必修1


第一单元综合微评
(满分:120 分 时间:90 分钟) 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A More and more people like bicycling and it is no surprise.It is f

un,healthy and good for the environment.Maybe that's why where are 1.4 billion bicycles and only 400 million cars on roads worldwide today.Bikes can take you almost anywhere,and there is no oil cost! Get on a bicycle and ride around your neighbourhood.You may discover something new all around you.Stopping and getting off a bike is easier than stopping and getting out of your car.You can bike to work and benefit(受益)from the enjoyable exercise without polluting the environment.You don't even have to ride all the way. Folding (折叠)bikes work well for people who ride the train.Just fold the bike and take it with you.You can do the same on an airplane.A folding bike can be packed in a suitcase.You can also take a common bike with you when you fly.But be sure to look for information by getting on airline websites.Not all airlines are bicycle?friendly to travellers. Health Benefits of Bicycling. It helps to prevent heart diseases. Bicycling helps to control your weight. A 15?minute bike ride to and from work three times a week burns off five kilos of fat in a year.Bicycling can improve your mood(心情). Exercise like bicycling has been shown to make people feel better,more relaxed and self?confident.Bicycling is healthier than driving. 1.From the passage,we know that bicycling is becoming very ________. A.surprising C.expensive B.exciting D.popular

2.When you are riding your bicycle around your neighbourhood,you may________. A.pollute the environment around B.find something you didn't notice C.go everywhere and use a little oil D.get off your bike and begin to work

3.If you travel with a folding bike,you can fold it and ________. A.get out of the car B.take it onto a train C.put it in your purse D.go on airline websites 4.One of the benefits from bicycling is that________. A.you can fold the bicycle B.you will be friendly to others C.you will be more relaxed D.you may get fatter and fatter 答案:1.D 解析:由第一段第一句可知自行车越来越受到人们的欢迎。 2.B 解析:由第二段第二句内容可知。 3.B 解析:由第三段第二句可知答案为 B 项。 4.C 解析:由最后一段的第一句内容可知答案为 C 项。 B A student is learning to speak British English.He wonders( 想 知 道 ) : Can I communicate with Americans?Can they understand me?Learners of English often ask: What are the differences between British and American English?How important are these differences? Certainly there are some differences between British and American English.There are a few differences in grammar.For example,speakers of British English say“in hospital”and“Have you a pen?”Americans say“in the hospital!”and“Do you have a pen ?”Pronunciation is sometimes different.Americans usually sound theirs in words like“bird”and “hurt” . Speakers of British English in spelling and vocabulary.For example , “colour”and “honour”are British , “color”and “honor”are American. These differences in grammar,pronunciation,spelling and vocabulary are not important , however.For the most part , British and American English are the same language. 5.According to this passage,a student who is learning to speak American English might be afraid that ________. A.British people cannot understand him B.American people cannot understand him C.the grammar is too hard for him

D.the spelling is too hard for him 6.American English and British English are different in ________. A.spelling C.grammar B.pronunciation D.all of the above

7.What is not mentioned(提及)in the passage? A.Whether there are differences between British English and American English. B.Whether British English and American English are one language or two. C.How the differences between British English and American English came about. D.How important the differences are. 8.Most ________say “Do you have a watch?” A.British people C.children B.Americans D.teachers

答案:5.A 解析:由原文第一段的问句可知。 6.D 解析:由原文第二段的内容及第三段第一句可知:两者在拼读、发音和语法等方 面存在不同。 7.C 解析:由第一段最后一句及最后一段可知 A,B,D 都已在原文中提及。 8.B 解析:由原文第二段第三句可知。 C There are lessons we learn in the classroom and lessons we just happen to learn, while in a classroom. “What I'm teaching them to do is to extend themselves and to learn to do things they didn't do before,”said Siena Professor Dr.Jim Nolan. That is what Nolan has had to do ever since September 6th.2010 when he was biking, went down an embankment(路堤)and landed on his head.He broke his neck and spine(脊 椎).We first met Dr.Nolan this past May as a quadriplegic( 四肢瘫痪者),walking again.His goal then was to get back into the classroom.Now,he is. “I was right up front with them when I rolled in.They surprisedly saw me in the wheelchair so I explained to them I have many challenges,”said Nolan. Siena and Nolan's occupational therapist worked to help him overcome those challenges.They went to his office,even his classroom. “I_can_do_anything_from_my_laptop_that_anyone_could_do_at_the_platform.Ther e are times I will give them what I call lessons in perseverance.”said Nolan. The class he is teaching is a freshman forum class.The students are learning just as much about starting a new chapter in life as they are about school.Their professor

is following a parallel path.He is sharing what he learned in physical therapy. “She asked me to move my legs a certain way.I tried,and looked at her and said I can't do it.She said to me.I don't ever want to hear you say you can't do it again,”said Nolan. Nolan says he realized at that moment that his future was up to him.Once unable to move his legs or arms,he is now walking 15?20 minutes at a time with a walker and is even driving himself to work. 9.Nolan became disabled ________. A.after he fell off his bike B.because of a traffic accident C.due to his carelessness D.when he took exercise 10.The first time Nolan rolled in the classroom,the students felt________. A.upset C.worried B.amazed D.frightened

11.What can we learn from the underlined sentence? A.Nolan has been very used to this kind of life. B.Nolan can do things at the platform better than other teachers. C.Nolan's laptop helps him a lot at the platform. D.Nolan prefers to give lessons at the platform. 12.What impresses us most about Nolan is his________. A.experiences C.family B.lessons D.will

答案:9.A 解析:细节理解题。第三段提到:Nolan 骑自行车沿着路堤下行突然摔倒, 脖子断了。可知是他从自行车上摔下导致了残疾。 10.B 解析:细节理解题。由第四段“I was right up front with them when I rolled in.They surprisedly saw me in the wheelchair so I explained to them I have many challenges,”said Nolan.可知当他第一次摇着轮椅进教室时,学生们非常惊讶。 11.C 解析:推理判断题。该划线句句意为:我能用笔记本电脑做任何人在讲台上做的 任何事情。可见在讲台上笔记本电脑对他帮助很大。 12.D 解析:推理判断题。由 Nolan 能够在身体残疾后勇敢地面对现实、克服障碍、重 返讲坛可知他意志坚强。 D When another old cave is discovered in the south of France,it is not usually

news.Rather,it is an ordinary event.Such discoveries are so frequent these days that hardly anybody notices them.However,when the Lascaux cave complex was discovered in 1940 , the world was amazed.Painted directly on its walls were hundreds of scenes.Showing how people lived thousands of years ago.The scenes show people hunting animals,such as bison or wild cats.Other images depict birds and most noticeably, horses,which appear in more than 300 wall images by far outnumbering(超出) all other animals. Early artists drawing these animals accomplished ( 完 成 )a monumental and difficult task.They did not limit themselves to the easily accessible walls but carried their painting materials to spaces that required climbing steep walls or crawling into narrow passages (通道) in the Lascaux complex. Unfortunately , the paintings have been exposed to the destructive( 破 坏 性 的)action of water and temperature changes, which easily wear the images away. Because the Lascaux caves have many entrances, air movement has also damaged the images inside. Although they are not out in the open air, where natural light would have destroyed them long ago,many of the images have deteriorated and are barely recognizable.To prevent further damage, the site was closed to tourists (旅游者)in 1963,23 years after it was discovered. 13.Which title best summarizes the main idea of the passage? A.Wild Animals in Art B.Hidden Prehistoric Paintings C.Exploring Caves Respectfully D.Determining the Age of French Caves 14.What does the underlined word“depict”in the first paragraph mean? A.Show. C.Count. B.Hunt. D.Draw.

15.Why was painting inside the Lascaux complex a difficult task? A.It was completely dark inside. B.The caves were full of wild animals. C.Painting materials were hard to find. D.Many painting spaces were difficult to reach. 答案:13.B 解析:由全文内容概括可知。 14.A 解析:句中 depict 意为“表明;展示”。 15.D 解析:由原文第二段内容可知。

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选 项。 __16__From 18-25, according to I. Q.scores; but you are wiser and more experienced with increasing age.You are smartest in your 20's;around 10,your memory begins to go down,particularly your ability to perform mathematical computations.__17__ Your vocabulary at the age of 45,for example,is three times as great as when you graduated from college.At 60,you brain has almost four times as much information as it did at the age of 21. __18__You have the best physical sense of yourself from 15 to 24 ; the best professional sense from 40 to 49.Before the age of 24,we believe that our happiest years are yet to come;over 30,we believe that they are behind us.A National Health survey agrees after the age of 30,we become more realistic and do not view happiness as a goal in itself.If we keep our health,achieve professional and emotional goals, happiness,we feel,will follow. __19__Generally between 30 and 39 , but the peak( 顶峰 )varies with different professions(职业).Mozart wrote a symphony(效响曲)and four sonatas by the age of 8, and Mendelssohn composed his best?known work A Midsummer Night's Dream at 17,but most of the great music was written by men between 33 and 39. Though the peak in most fields comes early,more Nobel Prize winners did their top research in their late 20's and 30's—creative people continue to produce work with high quality(质量)throughout their lives __20__. A.When are you most creative(创造性的)? B.When are you happiest? C.When are you smartest? D.Do you know what I.Q.refers to? E.But your I.Q.for other tasks goes up. F.Creative people usually produce a lot of works. G.For the“well?conditioned mind”,there is no upper limit. 答案:16-20 CEBAG 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项。

I will never forget that night,when I pulled into my driveway after a busy day of school and baby?sitting.I still __21__ to write a physics paper,which must be handed in the next day.There were many things on my mind.At that time I was having many problems with my family and friends,__22__I was in a very bad mood(心情).And I was unhappy with __23__ and the way that my life was going.A major __24__ I was struggling with was drug(毒品)use.For two years I had been smoking marijuana(大麻)and got used to it , __25__could not stop.I did not let drugs affect my grades or personality,but it made a(n)__26__in how I thought about myself.I had always been a good kid and still tried to be,but drugs brought me __27__.I frequently thought about __28__ drugs were not something I wanted as part of my life.I wanted to __29__ but I was frightened to make it. I looked up at the sky as I got out of my __30__.The moon gave off tiny beams of light.The sky was a dark,ink?black colour __31__ millions of stars.I stood outside in the cool fall air for what seemed a long time of heaven and __32__.The joy that I had not __33__ for ages came upon me.I closed my eyes to decide if this dream could be __34__.I slowly opened my eyes and caught a shooting star ( 流星 )flying over treetops.Tears fell from my eyes and streamed down my cheeks.I had __35__ the true beauty of nature.Those few __36__ helped me find the __37__ to change. It is not easy to make the decision to stop using drugs.It is even harder to stop __38__.Giving it up has given me hope and a reason to be __39__ myself.It has helped me grow __40__ and more mature(成熟). 21.A.promised C.wished 22.A.so C.then 23.A.my family C.my friends 24.A.problem C.subject 25.A.while C.but 26.A.difference C.plan 27.A.down B.had D.stopped B.however D.yet B.my homework D.myself B.situation D.condition B.or D.rather B.effort D.mistake B.out

C.up 28.A.which C.how 29.A.escape C.live 30.A.way C.school 31.A.in C.for 32.A.sadness C.happiness 33.A.received C.known 34.A.real C.useless 35.A.recognized C.guessed 36.A.minutes C.thoughts 37.A.fact C.reason 38.A.actually C.gradually 39.A.crazy about C.proud of 40.A.weaker C.poorer

D.back B.what D.why B.change D.forget B.house D.car B.with D.beyond B.luck D.regret B.learned D.felt B.surprising D.helpful B.seen D.imagined B.stars D.nights B.courage D.chance B.simply D.quickly B.afraid of D.angry with B.richer D.stronger

答案:[解题导语] 作者讲述了改变自己生活和态度的一个夜晚。 21.B 解析:have to 不得不。本题句意:我忙完了一天之后,还不得不回家完成明天 要上交的物理试卷。A.许诺做某事;C.愿意做某事;D.停下来做某事;都不符合题意,因此, 选 B。 22.A 解析:根据上句,我与家人、朋友之间都出现了问题,所以心情不好。上下文是 因果关系,因此,选 A。 23.D 解析:根据后文对自己的生活方式不满意,and 连接并列结构,所以此处选 D。

句意:我对我自己和自己的生活方式不满。 24.A 解析:后文作者说自己吸毒,这是一个问题 problem,所以,选 A。 25.C 解析:我两年来一直吸食大麻并且上瘾,却停不下来。表示转折。所以选 C。 26.A 解析:make a difference 此处意为:起作用,有影响。句意:我不让毒品影响 我的成绩和性格,可是它却影响了我对自己的看法。所以选 A。 27.A 解析:bring sb.down 使某人情绪低落。此处表示毒品让我意志消极,因此选 A。 28.C 解析:how 表示方式,我反复想我怎样才能不让毒品成为我生活的一部分。why 表示原因。what,which 需要做主干成分。因此选 C。 29.B 解析:根据下文 Those few __36__ 可知,作者想要改变现状。所以选 B。 30.D 解析:根据上文 when I pulled into my driveway...得知,作者是在驱车回家 的路上。所以此处应该是下车,所以选 D。 31.B 解析:with 表示伴随。所以选 B。 32.C 解析:根据下句的 the joy,推断出,此处是似乎感到幸福。所以选 C。 33.D 解析:feel the joy 感受快乐,所以选 D。 34.A 解析:本题句意:我闭上眼睛想确认一下是否这个梦境一般的景象是真的。所以 选 A。 35.B 解析:作者睁开眼睛的时候恰巧看到了流星,所以此处是看到了大自然的美。A 辨认出;C 猜测;D 想象。 36.A 解析:句意:这几分钟的经历使我找到了改变自己的勇气。所以选 A。 37.B 解析:解析同上。 38.A 解析:句意:做出戒毒的决定不容易,要实际上戒毒更难。所以选 A。 39.C 解析:句意:戒毒给了我希望,并让我对自己感到骄傲。A 对??狂热;B 害怕; D 生气。因此选 C。 40.D 解析:戒毒后的我,更强壮,更成熟了。所以选 D。 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(每空 1 词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A:Mary,tomorrow is your Mum's 50th birthday,do you know? B:Of course I do.Do you have any idea about how __41__(celebrate)it,Dad? A : Of course , first of all , a birthday present.What about __42__(buy)her a beautiful skirt? B:That's a good idea.It'll make her look __43__ (young),and a big birthday cake, too,with fifties __44__(candle). A:That's right.__45__we have a special dinner? helped me find the __37__ to change.

B:How about a Chinese dinner? A:Fine,where will we have it? B:Dad,we can have it at home.I __46__ (learn)to cook a few Chinese dishes from a Chinese friend,__47__I am sure Mum would like __48__. A:All right.Will you do __49__ shopping too? B:__50__don't we go together,Dad? A:OK. 答案: 41.to celebrate 42.buying 43.younger 44.candles 45.Shall 46.have

learnt 47.and 48.them 49.some 50.Why 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 How to make true friends are very important to everybody.To make friends,you must be friend to others.You should do your best to make a stranger to feel at home, no matter where he happens to be.Think as you are in your position and not judge a stranger only by his appearance.Try to remember other's names,it will make them feel that they have made impression on you.If you don't agree with others on certain matters,don't argue and discuss with them.Finally,don't believe those leave their friends when they are in trouble because“a friend in need is a friend indeed.” 答案:How to make true friends are very important to everybody.To make friends,
is

you must be friend to others.You should do your best to make a stranger \ to feel at
friendly

home,no matter where he happens to be.Think as you are in your position and notjudge
his don't

a stranger only by his appearance.Try to remember other's names, it will make them
others' which

feel that they have made ∧ impression on you.If you don't agree with others on
an

certain matters,don't argue and discuss with them.Finally,don't believe those ∧
but who

leave their friends when they are in trouble because“a friend in need is a friend indeed.” 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你的朋友李明写信告诉你他因不善于交友而苦恼。请根据以下提示给他 回信,提出建议。 提示:1.友善、乐于助人; 2.多与他人交流; 3.多参加活动。 注意:1.词数 100 个左右; 2.可以适当发挥,以使短文连贯; 3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:communicate(v.)交流;activity(n.)活动 Dear Li Ming, I'm sorry to hear that you're feeling worried for failing to make friends.Some tips below may be helpful to you.

Yours sincerely, Li Hua [参考范文] Dear_Li_Ming, I'm_sorry_to_hear_that_you're_feeling_worried_for_failing_to_make_friends.So me_tips_below_may_be_helpful_to_you.First,be kind,friendly and polite to others and ready to help others, through which you'll get well paid.Second, try to communicate with others more,for it helps strengthen your ties with friends.Third,take an active part in activities,such as sports,games,travels and parties.In this way,you'll get more chances to communicate with others.Besides,it's also very important that friends should be faithful to each other.

Anyhow,there're many ways to develop a good friendship.Hope you'll get along well with your friends. Yours_sincerely, Li_Hua


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