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杨浦区最好的高中英语暑假补习班 新王牌余老师高三冲刺阅读知识点练习


杨浦新王牌
新王牌高三英语教案(2)
A组 Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. d

isappear AB. scientists B. organs AC. naturally C. nearly D. manual E. preserved BD. meal

AD. leather BC. thick

In 1984, two men made an amazing discovery while working in a bog called Lindow Moss, in the north of England. A bog is a very wet area of earth, with a lot of plants growing in it. It can be like a very big and very __41__ vegetable soup—walk in the wrong place and you can sink and __42__ forever. The men were working when one of them saw something sticking out—a human foot! Naturally, the men called the police, who then found the rest of the body. Was it a case of murder? Possibly—but it was a death __43__ two thousand years old. The two men had found a body from the time of the Roman invasion of Britain. Despite being so old, this body had skin, muscles, hair and internal __44__ — the scientists who examined him were able to look inside the man’s stomach and find the food that he had eaten for his last __45__! Why was this man so well __46__? It was because he was in a very watery environment, safe from the bacteria that need oxygen to live. Also, the water in the bog was very acidic. The acid preserved the man’s skin in the way that animal skin is preserved for __47__ coats and shoes. How did he die? Understandably, archaeologists and other __48__ wanted to know more about the person that they called, “Lindow Man”. His hands and fingernails suggested that he hadn’t done heavy __49__ work in this life — he could have been a rich man. They found that he hadn’t died by accident. The archaeologists believe that he was sacrificed to three different gods.

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. We have quite a bit of information about ancient Egyptian medicine. Doctors’ instru ctions have been found to tell us what they did for the sick and the injured. __50__ many of the treatments included magic, ancient Egyptians used plant leaves and other methods to treat many __51__. Religion, magic and medicine were __52__ related in ancient Egypt. Some priests (牧师) were specially __53__ as doctors to __54__ the sick and the injured. Doctors were held to a high moral standard. Patients were treated with __55__ and their __56__ information was highly secret. The highest-ranking doctors were priests of the goddess Sekhmet, who controlled illnesses. Doctors spent a part each year __57__ the goddess. Doctors were thought to be __58__ to the gods and able to ask them for healing.

Temples were centers for healing. When a person was ill, he or she would come to the temple or __59__ a doctor for a diagnosis (诊断). If a(n) __60__ problem was not __61__, the diagnosis would be that the illness was caused by an evil spirit or curse. The doctor would use magic spells to __62__ a cure. __63__, a diagnosis could not be reached. In this case, a patient would be told to rest for a period of time until another examination could be __64__. 50. A. When B. Although 51. A. damages C. Since D. After C. disasters D. destructions D. shortly D. studied D. search for

B. diseases

52. A. hardly B. closely C. mainly 53. A. trained B. designed 54. A. look to B. come to 55. A. reputation 56. A. ill B. own

C. planed C. care for

B. respect C. hidden

C. fame D. inspection D. personal D. following D. make up

57. A. serving B. reading 58. A. careful B. generous 59. A. think over 60. A. serious B. internal

C. learning

C. mean D. close C. call for C. odd D. obvious D. make up D. Hopefully

B. apply to

61. A. discovered B. treated 62. A. bring about B. set out 63. A. Subsequently

C. cured D. aroused C. insist on C. Occasionally D. discussed B组

B. Consequently

64. A. decided B. performed C. carried

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once Note that there is one word more than you need . A. actually AB. imaging B. suddenly C. affect D. fitness AD. implications E. memories AE. boost BC. encouraging

AC. responsible

If you want to _41_ your child's results at school, you could do a lot worse than ensuring that they do plenty of exercise. Scientists have already shown that physical activity can make you cleverer. A team in America has used scans to show that an important part of the brain _42_ grows in children who are fit. These youngsters tend to be more intelligent and have better _43_ than those who are inactive. Scientists also found that one of the most important parts of their brains was 12 per cent larger than those of unfit youngsters. They believe that _44_ children to take exercise from a very young age could help them do better at school later. Researchers from the University of Illinois, in the U. S. , studied the brains of 49 children aged nine and ten using a magnetic resonance _45_ scan, a technique which provides very detailed pictures of organs and tissues in the body. They also tested the _46_ levels of the children by making them run on a treadmill. The scientists found that the hippocampus(海马体), a part of the brain _47_ for memory and learning, was around 12 per cent larger in the fitter youngsters.

Professor Art Kramer, who led the study published in the journal Brain Research, said the findings had important _48_ for encouraging individuals to take part in sport from a young age. "We knew that experience and environmental factors and socioeconomic status all _49_ brain development," he said. "If you get some lousy(坏的) genes from your parents, you can't really fix that, and it's not easy to do something about your economic status. But here's something that we can do something about.

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Imagine that Mom and Dad have friends over, and you have to talk to adults all evening. Say the wrong thing and the parents may get mad. But, say _50_, they'll think you weren't friendly. So, _51_can you talk with adults? It's _52_. Just ask them questions about themselves. "Many of them like to talk about what they do for a living," suggests psychologist Tim Ursiny, author of The Confidence Plan. Kids can also talk to grown-ups about _53_. Ask what the last good movie they saw was, because people at dinner parties "_54_" when the conversation turns to movies, Ursiny says. If a grown-up is _55_ Harry Potter, it's OK to talk about your love for Harry. It's a safe topic, one that both grown-ups and kids can enjoy, so go ahead and talk about whether Dumbledore is really dead. But _56_ the topic of video games. "Adults don't want to hear about your video game _57_they play it," Ursiny explains. Adults also don't want to hear slang. Don't use language they don't _58_. Ursiny says kids should learn to speak to other people in their own language. _59_ most adults aren't into slang, they do remember what it was like to be a kid. Ursiny recommends asking adults what school was like when they were your age. "It might be a fun discussion if you _60_ your 10th-grade experience with theirs. "_61_you chat with your parents beforehand to find out which topics are off-limits(禁区). Also, don't chat about things that make your parents feel guilty. Don't mention _62_ stuff such as how Dad has been sleeping on the couch, Ursiny says. And don't complain that Mom has been late preparing breakfast. Instead, Ursiny says, kids should try to put themselves in their parents' _63_. Learning how to _64_that type of understanding might help you out in the future. "The most successful people can develop a sympathetic feeling for others," he says. 50. A. everything 51. A. how 52. A. important B. something C. anything C. why D. when D. hobbies D. keep up D. nothing

B. whatever

B. interesting C. hard D. easy C. make up D. onto

53. A. movies B. meals C. parties 54. A. look up B. light up 55. A. in B. on C. into

56. A. neglect B. avoid C. prevent 57. A. when 59. A. While 60. A. share B. unless C. but B. As

D. ignore D. agree D. match D. personal

D. because

58. A. believe B. accept C. understand C. If D. Since C. balance B. compare

61. A. Make sure 62. A. incredible 63. A. shoes 64. A. produce

B. Pay attention B. special

C. Watch out D. Take care D. location

C. embarrassing

B. clothes

C. condition

B. shape C. raise D. develop C组

Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. global B. nationalities C. extremely D. technically AD. added E. existing

AB. creating AC. independent Mapping Your World

BC. ranging BD. environmentally

Different forms of maps are appearing. They allow __41__ travelers to get local knowledge of places they are visiting, from the official to the unusual. Meanwhile, hi-tech developments are __42__ new ways for us to map the world. Here are two of our favorites: Green Maps Green Maps allows people to share with the world their knowledge of ___43___ friendly places and attractions in the local areas. Users add information with a set of icons(图标), making it easy to read any map, whatever the ___44___ of those who produce it. At present there are over five hundred map projects being developed in 54 countries. Green Maps’ advertised idea is “think ___45___, map local”. It is a wonderful way of gaining all sorts of a place, ___46___ from community garden to good places of bird watching. Green Maps is not specifically intended for travelers. Not all of its maps are online, so it may be necessary for some users to communicate with producers through the Green Maps website. Maps Mashups Many people use online maps developed by Google, but not many know about the mashups of them. Working in a similar way to Green Maps, Maps Mashups allows people to add icons of their own to __47__ maps to express a certain topic. The mashups is so called because it combines all the knowledge you could ever need. It ranges from the __48__ useful, such as where all the World. Heritage Site are, to the most bizarre(古怪的), such as where America’s drunkest cities are. With the mashups __49__ to the basic Google Maps, a multi-layered (多层的) map can be created.

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. French president Nicolas Sarkozy is in trouble. Over the past month, workers and students around France have been striking to __50__ Sarkozy’s pension reform policy.

There have been major disruptions to air and rail services across the country. Hundreds of flights have been __51__, and public transport in major cities has been seriously hit. If Sarkozy’s policy goes through, France will __52__ the retirement age by two years to 62 by 2018. the country’s current pension system is running a deficit which could become __53__ if changes are mot made, the government argues. In the wake of the euro zone debt crisis, governments of European nations have tried to bring their deficits __54__. Some have already introduced pension reform. By 2028 Irish workers will have to wait until they are 68 to retire. Germany’s government is __55__ a retirement age of 67 by 2029. The movement in France is __56__. Polls show that 69 percent of the nation backs the strikes; 73 percent wants the government to __57__ the reform. In France, demonstrations are seen as a civilized and __58__ way to exercise civil rights. Social __59__ such as long vacations, state-sponsored health care and early retirement are felt to be rights rather than privileges. “We want to stop working at 60 because it’s something our parents, our grandparents and even our great-grandparents __60__,” says Gilly, 50, a worker in Marseille. “And over the years… you can see that we’re losing everything they fought for. And that’ s __61__.” Even high school students have joined the strike. If people have to work longer, young people would have __62__ job opportunities. Parents, __63__ their children’s future, don’t want to stop them. The coming days will __64__ whether Sarkozy can succeed in pushing through his reforms, or the strikers triumph in bringing them to a halt. 50. A. protest B. support 51. A. restored 52. A. rise C. protect D. suggest D. replaced

B. canceled

C. rejected

B. undergo

C. raise D. experience D. cleverer C. to mind D. to safety D. pushing for

53. A. better B. worse C. brighter 54. A. under control 55. A. selling for 56. A. amazing B. to a stop

B. performing for C. arranging for B. valuable C. popular D. cover D. final

D. delicate

57. A. discuss B. switch C. withdraw 58. A. unique B. effective 59. A. benefits 60. A. fought for

C. unnecessary

B. angles C. hints D. reforms B. left for C. ran for D. believed for D. unforgettable

61. A. weakening B. mixing 62. A. fewer

C. unacceptable

B. more C. better D. worse B. concerned about D. strive C. content with D. confident about

63. A. satisfied with 64. A. mention

B. speak C. tell

D组 Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. appreciate B. absolutely F. blessed G. example C. fully D. grown E. presence J. silent

H. thoughtful I. raising

Now that I am no longer young, I have friends whose mothers have passed away. I have heard these sons and daughters say they never __41__ appreciated their mothers until it was too late to tell them. I am __42__ with the dear mother who is still alive. I __43__ her more each day. My mother does not change, but I do. As I grow older and wiser, I realize what an extraordinary person she is. How sad that I am unable to speak these words in her __44__, but they flow easily from my pen. How does a daughter begin to thank her mother for life itself? For the love, patience and just plain hard work that go into __45__ a child? For running after a toddler (学走步的小孩), for understanding a moody teenager, for tolerating a college student who knows everything? For waiting for the day when a daughter realizes how wise her mother really is? How does a __46__ woman thank a mother for continuing to be a mother? For being ready with advice when asked or remaining __47__ when it is most appreciated? For not saying, “I told you so,” when she could have said these words dozens of times? For being essentially herself ---loving, __48__, patient, and forgiving? I don't know how, dear God, except to ask you to bless her as richly as she deserves and to help me live up to the __49__ she has set. I pray that I will look as good in the eyes of my children as my mother looks in mine.

Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Dear son, In the days when you see me old and I am already not in good health, have patience and try to understand me. If I get dirty when eating; if I can not dress, have patience and remember the hours I teaching it to you. If, when I speak to you, I 51 _50__

the same things thousand and one times, 52 _, neither shame 53 , in order

do not interrupt me, listen to me. When you were small, I had to read to you thousand and one times the same story until you got to sleep. When I do not want to have a that you wanted to bath. When you see my 54 me nor scold me. Remember when I had to chase you with thousand excuses I

little about new technologies, give me the

necessary time and do not look at me with your mocking (嘲弄) smile. I taught you how to do so many things: to eat good, to dress well, to confront life… When at some moment I lose the

memory or the

55_ of our conversation, let me have the necessary time to remember, and if I 56 to me.

cannot do it, do not become nervous, as the most important thing is not our conversation but surely to be with you and to have you

If ever I do not want to eat, do not force me. I know well when I need to and when not. When my 57 first legs do not allow me to walk, give me your 59 60 58 , the same way I did when you gave your . And when someday I say to you that I do not want to live any more—that I want to . Someday you will understand.

die, do not get

Try to understand that my age is not lived but survived. Someday you will discover that, __61__ my mistakes, I always wanted the 62 thing for you and that I tried to prepare the 63 your way for you. You must not feel sad, angry or impotent (无可奈何) for seeing me near you. You must be next to me, try to understand me and to help me as I did it when you living. Help me to walk, help me to end my way immense love I have had always for you. I love you, Son. Your father 50. A. paid 52. A. rest B. spent B. word C. cost D. took D. criticized D. sleep D. produced D. consulting D. thread 64 . I will pay you by a smile and by the

51. A. praised B. thought

C. repeated C. shower

53. A. discovered B. invented 54. A. knowing 55. A. information 57. A. tired 59. A. step B. talking

C. noticed C. enjoying

B. attitude C. strong

C. material D. cold

56. A. talking B. listening B. sensitive B. stop 58. A. leg B. direction 60. A. incredible 62. A. last 63. A. made

C. responding D. appealing

C. hand D. advice C. aid D. cry D. dreadful

B. angry C. relaxed C. best D. most

61. A. in reward for B. first

B. in reply to C. in place of D. in spite of C. earned D. found D. with patience

B. started

64. A. with mercy B. with care

C. with excuse

E组 Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. contributions AC. determine B. essentially AD. extent C. indicate BC. limitations D. raised BD. undeveloped AB. physical CD. eventually

What factors make you more or less bold, intelligent, or able to read a map? All of these are influenced by the interaction of your genes and the environment in which you were __41__. The study of how genes and environment interact to influence psychological activity is known as behavioral genetics. Behavioral genetics has made important __42__ to the biological revolution,

providing information about the __43__ to which biology influences mind, brain and behavior. However, who wants to be told that there are __44__ to what you can achieve based on something that is beyond your control? It is easy to accept that genes control __45__ characteristics such as sex, race and eye color. But can genes also __46__ whether people will get divorced, how smart they are, or what career they are likely to choose? Increasingly, researches __47__ that genes lay the groundwork for many human traits( 特征 ). From this viewpoint, people are born like __48__ photographs: The image is already captured, but the way it __49__ appears can vary based on the development process. However, the basic picture is there from the beginning. Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. “Congratulations, Mr. Smith! It's a girl.” Fatherhood is going to have a different meaning and __50__ a different response from every man who hears these words. Some feel __51__ when they receive the news, while others worry, wondering whether they will be good fathers. Although some men like children and may have had __52__ experience with them, others do not particularly __53__ children and spend little time with them. Many fathers and mothers have been planning and looking forward to children for some time. __54__ other couples, pregnancy was an accident that both husband and wife have accepted willingly or __55__. Whatever the __56__ to the birth of a child, it is obvious the shift from the role of husband to __57__ of a father is a difficult task. Yet, unfortunately, few attempts have been __58__ to educate fathers in this resocialization __59__. Although numerous books have been written about mothers, __60__ recently has literature focused on the __61__ of a father. It is argued that the transition to the father's role, though difficult, is not __62__ as great as the transition the wife must make to the mother's role, which seems to require a complete __63__ in daily routine. __64__, the father's role is less demanding and immediate. 50. A. bring down 51. A. emotional 52. A. considerate 53. A. care about 54. A. For 55. A. gladly 56. A. reply 57. A. what 58. A. taken 59. A. step 60. A. / 61. A. role 62. A. a little 63. A. transformation 64. A. In addition B. bring forth B. sentimental B. considerable B. care of B. Of B. cheerfully B. reaction B. this B. tried B. process B. just B. work B. just B. realization B. Above all C. bring off C. embarrassed C. considering C. care with C. From C. reluctantly C. readiness C. one C. made C. point C. quite C. career C. nearly C. socialization C. Generally D. bring in D. proud D. considered D. care for D. Upon D. resistantly D. reality D. that D. given D. time D. only D. position D. almost D. reception D. However


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