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名词性从句练习 二

第一部分:基础题 1. _______ makes his shop different is that it offers more personal services. A. What B. Who C. Whatever D. Whoever

2. —It’s thirty years since we last met. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m —But I still remember the story, believe it or not, _______ we got lost on a rainy night. A. which B. that C. what D. when

3. See the flags on top of the building? That was _______ we did this morning. A. when B. which C. where D. What

4. —Could you do me a favor? —It depends on _______ it is. A. which B. whichever C. what D. whatever

5. These shoes look very good. I wonder _______. A. how much cost they are C. how much they cost B. how much do they cost D. how much are they cost

6. Doris' success lies in the fact _______ she is co-operative and eager to learn from others. A. which B. that C. when D. why

7. Mary wrote an article on _______ the team had failed to win the game. A. why B. what C. who D. that

8. Do you have any idea _______ is actually going on in the classroom? A. that B. what C. as D. which

9. —Why does she always ask you for help? —There is no one else _______, is there? A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn

10. Elephants have their own way to tell the shape of an object and _______ it is rough or smooth. w.w. A. / B. whether C. how D. what

11. Danny left word with my secretary _______ he would call again in the afternoon. A. who B. that C. as D. which

12. Mum is coming. What present _______ for your birthday? B. you expect has she got C. do you expect she has got 13. The way he did it was different ________ we were used to. A. in which B. in what C. from what

A. you expect she has got D. do you expect has she got

D. from which

14. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer _______ it was 20 years ago, _______ it was so poorly equipped. A. what; when B. that; which C. what; which D. which; that

15. Some researchers believe that there is no doubt ________ a cure for AIDS will be found. A. which B. that C. what D. whether

第二部分:强化题 1. We haven’t settled the question of _______ it is necessary for him to study abroad. A. if B. where C. whether D. that

2. A warm thought suddenly came to me _______I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday. w.w.wA. if B. when C. that D. which

3. There is much chance _______ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race. A. that B. which C. until D. if

4. Please remind me _______ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. A. where B. when C. how D. what

5. We saw several natives advancing towards our party, and one of them came up to us. _______ we gave some bells and glasses. A. to which B. to whom C. with whom D. with which

6. With his work completed, the businessman stepped back to his seat, feeling pleased _______ he was a man of action. A. which B. that C. what D. whether

7. _______ team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what 8. I just wonder A. why it does B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever

that makes him so excited. B. what he does C. how it is D. what it is

9. _______ is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger , more prosperous economy. w.cA. As B. That C. This D. It

10. Nobody believed his reason for being absent form the class _______ he had to meet his uncle at the airport. A. why B. that C. where D. because

11. The shopkeeper did not want to sell for _______ he thought was not enough. A. where B. how C. what D. which

12. He noticed that the straight part of the dance was different in the afternoon from _______ it had been in the morning. A. that B. where C. what D. which

13. I’d like to work with _______ is honest and easy to get on with. (2006 年山东模拟题) A. who B. whoever C. whomever D. no matter who

14. When you are reading, make a note of _______ you think is of great importance. A. which B. that C. what D. when

15. —Can we get everything ready by the weekend? —It all depends on _______ we can get Mr. Green’s cooperation. A. that B. what C. whether D. if

一,It 在名词性从句中得用法: 1. It is time that…(虚拟语气) w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 2. It is the first time that…(现在完成时) 3. It is necessary (important) that…should do…(虚拟语气) 4. It is likely(possible, obvious, clear, natural, certain,…) that… 5. It is a pity(a fact, good news, no wonder, an honour, a shame, common sense, a common practice…) that… 6. It turned out that…; It happened that…; It occurred to sb. that…; 7. It is said(reported, believed, estimated, announced, expected…) that…; 8. It is suggested(required, ordered) that…(虚拟语气)… 二、 What 与 that 在名词性从句中用法比较:w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m That Tom fell off his chair by accident got the classmates laughing. What Tom learned in university helps him a lot in his job. 注:that 在从句中不作任何成分,what 在从句中必须担当主语或宾语。 We have reached what is called XinJie kou.

三、 宾语从句 1. 一个动词后跟多个宾语从句时,第二个开始的连词 that 不能省略。 He said (that) he didn’t attend the party and that he didn’t want to. 2. 否定转移 I don’t think he is fit for the job, is he? I never thought that he would come for the dinner party. 3. 有些不可直接跟宾语从句的动词。 I hate it when…; I dislike it when…; I’d appreciate it if… I will see to it that… 4. 与定语从句的转换 Jerry told us _______ he had seen abroad. A. what B. all that C. all what D. all 注:本题四个答案都正确。答案 C 可以看作 all 是前面的 us 的同位语。 四、 主语从句 a. 主语从句于定语从句的转换 What is needed has been bought. All that is needed has been bought. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m b. 几个特殊句型之间的转换 It is known to all that China has joined the WTO. As is known to all, China has joined the WTO. What is known to all is that China has joined the WTO. 五、 表语从句 a. 表语从句中的虚拟语气 My suggestion is that we should carry out the plan as soon as possible. b. 几个表语从句的切换 The reason why I came late is that my car broke down on the half way. He came late. That’s because his car broke down. His car broke down on the half way. That’s why he came late. 六、 同位语从句 a. 与定语从句的区别 It is a fact that he has done his best. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c. It is a fact that you can’t refuse. b. 同位语从句中的虚拟语气 The proposal that he put forward is to be discussed at the meeting. The proposal that we should import more equipment is to be discussed. c. have no idea 后面跟同位语从句 I have no idea where Green Park lies.

答案解析 基础题 1. A 此题考察 what 引导名词性从句的用法。在此题中 what 引导主语从句,同时在从句中充

当主语。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 2. B 通过对句子的分析可知, believe it or not 是插入语, 在此句中 that 引导的是 the story 的同

位语从句。 3. D 通过对句子的分析可知,此题需要选一词来引导表语从句,而从句中的明显缺少宾语,

故只能 what 用来充当。 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. C 介词 on 后面宾语从句不完整,同时从句缺少主语,故只能由 what 来充当。 C wonder 后面的从句是疑问句应用陈述语序。即:特殊疑问词+主语+谓语动词。

B 此句主句完整,从句也完整,故用 that 引导构成与 the fact 的同位语从句。 A B why 在它引导的从句中充当原因状语,从句在主句里充当介词 on 的宾语。 what 在它引导的从句中充当主语, 同时整个从句可看成是 idea 的同位语从句, 来说明 idea

的具体内容。 9. B 本题考查定语从句以及固定短语 turn to 的用法,关系代词因为在后面定语从句中做宾语

因此省略掉,turn to sb 求助于某人。 10. B 本题根据意思以及后面与 or 的搭配关系可判断该处是“是否”,whether 引导宾语从句。 w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 11. B 本题考查名词性从句中的同位语从句,根据下文可知 Danny 留下的口信的内容,that 引 导名词性从句。 12. C 本题考查双重疑问句,疑问词+do you think/believe/expect+句子的其他成分(句子用称 述句语序)。 13. C 本题考查固定短语 be different from 同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句,介词 from 后

是宾语从句,但从句中 be used to 后面少宾语,且根据上文是我们过去习惯的方法,这用 what 符合 语意。 14. A 本题考查的是名词性从句中的表语从句,后面表语从句不完整,it was 后面还缺少表语, 根据意思是“20 年前的 样子”,后面一个句子是对 20 年前的补充说明,是一个非限制性定语从句,20 年前学校设备条件不好,when 在定语从句中作时间状语。 15. B 本题考查名词性从句的同位语, doubt 后的同位语根据意思没有怀疑故选择 that 引导, that 在从句中不充当成分。

强化题 1. C whether 引导的从句构成与名词 the question 的同位语。(原答案似乎有误)

2.C 主句完整,同时从句也不缺成分。根据句意可看出 that 引导的从句构成与 a warm thought 的 同位语。 3.A that 引导同位语从句,具体说明 chance(可能性)的内容。 5.B 因先行词是 natives,故淘汰 A 和 D。又

4.B 句意:请提醒我他说他将什么时候走。

因 give sth. to sb.固定短语,所以选 B。介词 to 可放在关系代词 whom 的前面。w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 6.B pleased 后面缺少宾语从句,he was a man of action 句意完整,故用 that 引导。 7.D No matter what/which 只能引导让步状语从句, 排除 A 和 B。 C 和 D 的区别在于一个无范围, 一个有范围。 8.D wonder 后面的宾语从句本是 what makes him so excited:。但 what 需要被强调,故用强调 句型。9.D 本题考查 it 作形式主语, 后面的 that 引导真正的主句从句. 10.B 本题考查同位语从句, reason 后面有 for 引导的短语, 接着后面是 that 引导的句子来说明理 由的内容. 11.C 本题考查名词性从句的宾语从句,介词 for 后接宾语从句但宾语从句中缺少主

语, he thought 是插入语. 连词 what 引导宾语从句且在从句中充当主语,which 的意思不符合. 12.C 本题考查固定短语 be different from 同时也考查名词性从句中的宾语从句,介词 from 后是 宾语从句,但从句中 it had been 后面少表语,所以 what 符合语意。 13.B 本题考查名词性从句中的介词宾语从句, 根据下文意思以及在宾语从句中作主语 , D 不能 引导名词性从句, who 表达的意思不对. w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 14.C 本题考查名词性从句介词宾语, 宾语从句中 you think 是插入语, 故句中缺少主语,which 意 思不对,故选 what 15.C 本题考查介词宾语从句, 根据上下文意思 该处应该是”我们是否能得到 Green 先生的.


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