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赵丽高考语法笔记


2009 高考英语语法
主讲:赵丽

第一课时
1、词法 如何背单词: 1、词根词缀 -spect inspect aspect expect 2、口诀法 规则的是位于、说谎,不规则的就是躺,躺过就下蛋,下蛋放一边 半饥饿状态、大脑皮层兴奋 背单词的环境一定要单纯 随时背 turn turn off / turn on / turn dow

n / turn in / turn back / turn over / turn around / turn into / turn up / turn to / turn out 15. I can hardly hear the radio. Would you please_________? A. turn it on B. turn it down C. turn it up D. turn it off 12. As we are entering the 21st century, a new page of history is turned ____. A. up B. over C. down D. to 头 - toe(脚趾) 屁 - pea(豌豆) pu ke - puke(呕吐) chou - chou(女朋友) glance / glimpse glance 快速的有意识的一瞥 glimpse 快速的无意识的一瞥 gape 吃惊的看

gaze 凝视,感兴趣的看 gazelle 瞪羚 题目讲解 1.—The room is so dirty. ____ we clean it? —Of course. A.Will B.Shall C.Would 2.—The boys are not doing a good job at all, are they? —________ . A.I guess not so B.I don't guess C.I don't guess so D.I guess not believe / think I believe so. I believe not. / I don't believe so. I think not. / I don't think so. 3.—I' m sorry I' m calling you so late. —______okay. A.This is B.You're

D.Do

C.That's

D.I' m

4.There's____ dictionary on_____ desk by your side. A.a; the B.a; a C.the; a

D.the; the

第二课时
定冠词: 特指双熟悉,上文已提及,世上独无二,序数最高级,某些专有名, 习语和乐器 5.—Are you still thinking about yesterday' s game? —Oh, that’s _______. A.what makes me feel excited B.whatever I feel excited about C.how I feel about it D.when I feel excited 情感动词: annoy / bore / move / touch / please 当主语有感情产生的时候用被动,当主语使别人产生感情用主动 The story is moving. I was moved. 15.Mr. Smith, _____of the speech, started to read a novel _____. A.tired; boring B.tiring; bored C.tired; bored D.tiring; boring

6.—When will you come to see me, Dad? —I will go to see you when you____ the training course. A.will have finished B.will finish C.are finishing 高考时态三大原则: 1、主将从现 2、背景动作原则 3、八大主考时态 7.—How long____ at this job? —Since 1990. A.were you employed C.had you been employed

D.finish

B.have you been employed D.will you be employed

8.The manager has got a good business _____so the company is doing well. A.idea B.sense C.thought D.thinking common sense 常识 nonsense 古怪;胡说八道;哪里(谦虚说法) 9.—Was his father very strict with him when he was at school? —Yes. He had never praised him ____he became one of the top students in his grade. A.after B.unless C.until D.when all-round student 10.—I was riding along the street and all of a sudden, a car cut in and knocked me down. —You can never be _____careful in the street. A.much B.very C.so D.too 否定词 + too + adj. 再......也不过分 11.We are living in an age____ many things are done on computer. A.which B.that C.whose D.when 12.The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to _____. A.make it out B.make it off C.make it up D.make it over make out 辨认,弄清楚 make off 离开,摆脱 nightmare 噩梦 make up 编造 far / a little / a bit / much / a lot / a great deal / any / even / slight

解题方法 一看句子分界点,二找谓语(谓语专一) ,三找主句(主句专一) 30. He is considered one of the most famous writers, ____ his books are not widely known. A. yet B. either C. too D. still 14. She heard a terrible noise, ___________ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. that 主从复合结构需要把握的原则:主从时态一致、从句使用陈述语序 例外:主将从现(在时间状语从句、条件状语从句之中不能使用将来时,只能用现在时表将 来) 祈使句相当于将来时,从句用现在时 情态动词相当于现在时态 If you have opportunity, you will go to Finland. 3. Can you make sure _________ the gold ring? A. where Alice had put B. where had Alice put C. where Alice has put D. where has Alice put 6. The new secretary is supposed to report to the manager as soon as she __________. A. will arrive B. arrives C. is going to arrive D. is arriving 21. If city noises _________ from increasing, people __________ shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now. A. are not kept; will have to B. are not kept; have to C. do not keep; will have to D. do not keep; have to 8. We were all surprised when he made it clear that he ________ office soon. A. leaves B. would leave C. left D. had left 5. -Can I join your club, Dad? -You can when you _________ a bit older. A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got 题目讲解 1. Kate and her sister went on holiday with a cousin of _________.

A. their C. her

B. theirs D. hers

代词: 人称代词、指示代词、疑问代词、连接代词、不定代词 人称代词: 带双宾语的动词:give / return Liu Wei killed himself. Liu Wei killed him.

第三课时
1. -Is your camera like Bill's and Ann's? -No, but it's almost the same as ________. A. her B. yours C. them D. their 7. Tom felt that he knew everybody's business better than they knew it ________. A. themselves B. oneself C. itself D. himself 18. We couldn't eat in a restaurant because __________ of us had __________ money on us. A. all; no B. any; no C. none; any D. no one; any 不定代词: any one some thing no body every 22. -Is __________ here? -No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave. A. anybody B. somebody

C. everybody

D. nobody

7. They were all very tired, but ________ of them would stop to take a rest. A. any B. some C. none D. neither 9. I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with ___________. A. everything B. anything

C. something

D. nothing

16. One of the sides of the board should be painted yellow, and ________. A. the other is white B. another white C. the other white D. another is white one ... the other one ... another one ... the others some ... others neither 两者都不 either 两个中任何一个都可 both 两者都 none 三者或三者以上都不 each + 单数 another + 单数 other + 复数 2. -When shall we meet again? -Make it _______ day you like; it's all the same to me. A. one B. any C. another D. some 1. -Can you come on Monday or Tuesday? -I'm afraid __________ day is possible. A. either B. neither C. some

D. any

6. If I had ___________, I'd visit Europe, stopping at all the small interesting places. A. a long enough holiday B. an enough long holiday C. a holiday enough long D. a long holiday enough enough 形容词后,名词前 1. - Do you want tea or coffee? - ________. I really don't mind. A. Both B. None

C. Either

D. Neither

12. -There's coffee and tea;you can have___. -Thanks A. either B. each C. one

D. it

1. I invited Joe and Linda to dinner , but _________ of them came. A. neither B. either C. none D. both

2. It's a fine day. Let's go fishing, _________? A. won't we B. will we C. don't we D. shall we 4. -Can I help you? -Well, I'm afraid the box is _____ heavy for you, but thank you all the same. A. so B. much C. very D. too 5. ____________ the days went on, the weather got worse. A. With B. Since C. While D. As 7. If we had followed his plan, we could have done the job better with _______ money and ______ people. A. less; less B. fewer; fewer C. less; fewer D. fewer; les 8. Beyond ________ stars, the astronaut saw nothing but ________ space. A. the; (不填) B. (不填); the C. (不填); (不填) D. the; the 9. Not until I began to work _______ how much time I had wasted. A. didn't I realize B. did I realize C. I didn't realize D. I realized 10. A library with five thousand books _________ to the nation as a gift. A. is offered B. has offered C. are offered D. have offered 11. I don't think _________ possible to master a foreign language without much memory work. A. this B. that C. its 12. Last summer I took a course on __________. A. how to make dresses B. how dresses be made C. how to be made dresses D. how dresses to be made 13. When I was at college I _________ three foreign languages, but I ___________ all except a few words of each. A. spoke; had forgotten B. spoke; have forgotten C. had spoken; had forgotten D. had spoken; have forgotten 14. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, most of __________

D. it

hadn't been cleaned for at least a year. A. these B. those C. that

D. which

15. He __________ you more help, even though he was very busy. A. might have given B. might give C. may have given D. may give 16. The horrible noise from the man's room simply ________ me mad. A. put B. caused C. drove D. turned 17. Tom kept quiet about the accident ________ lose his job. A. so not as to B. so as not to C. so as to not D. not so as to lose one's temper 18. Most of the artists ___________ to the party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited 19. -Do you mind my taking this seat? -__________. A. Yes, sit down please C. Yes, take it please I'm not a devil, am I? 20. His father died and _________ him a lot of money. A. gave B. left C. sent D. offered 21. After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced __________ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice many as ten times as big as 22. The police found that the house __________ and a lot of things ___________. A. has broken into ; has been stolen B. had broken into; had been stolen C. has been broken into; stolen D. had been broken into; stolen 23. ____________ more attention, the trees could have grown better.

B. No, of course not D. No, you can't take it

A. Given C. Giving

B. To give D. Having given

24. -Excuse me, is this Mr. Brown's office? -I'm sorry, but Mr. Brown ________ works here. He left about three weeks ago. A. not now B. no more C. not still D. no longer 27. -Will you give this message to Mr. White, please? -Sorry, I can't. He_________. A. doesn't any more work here B. doesn't any longer here work C. doesn't work any more here D. doesn't work here any longer 25. The pianos in the other shop will be ________, but __________. A. cheaper; not as better B. more cheap; not as better C. cheaper; not as good D. more cheap; not as good 26. -Come on in, Peter. I want to show you something. -Oh, how nice of you! I _________ you __________ to bring me a gift. A. never think; are going B. never thought; were going C. didn't think; were going D. hadn't thought; were going 27. __________ this book and tell me what you think of it. A. Look through B. Look on C. Look into D. Look up look on 旁观 look on as look into 调查 look up 查字典 28. ___________ of them knew about the plan because it was kept a secret. A. Each B. Any C. No one D. None 29. She reached the top of the hill and stopped __________ on a big rock by the side of the path. A. to have rested B. resting C. to rest D. rest forget regret / remember go on stop 10. Go on ____ the other exercise after you have finished this one.

A. to do

B. doing

C. with

D. to be doing

16. -You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. -Well, now I regret ______ that. A. to do B. to be doing C. to have done D. having done 11. The boy was criticized for forgetting ____ his textbooks to school. A. bringing B. to bring C. having brought D. to have brought 44. Don't you remember ____? (81) A. seeing the man before B. to see the man before C. saw the man before D. to have seen the man before

第四课时
46. I don't regret ____ even if it might have upset her. (88) A. to tell her what I thought B. to have told her that I thought C. telling what I thought D. telling her what I thought tell / persuade 用法完全相同 tell sb. to do / persuade sb. to do tell sb. sth. / persuade sb. sth. tell sb. that/what ... / persuade sb. that/what ... 45. Do you remember ____ me at a party last year? (84) A. meet B. to meet C. meeting D. met 30. Oh, John. _________ you gave us! A. How a pleasant surprise B. How pleasant surprise C. What a pleasant surprise D. What pleasant surprise 结构按照陈述句,感叹部分提句首,名词之前加 what,形容词副词在 how 后, 若要省略主谓语,只剩感叹部分在句首,前面若出现主谓宾,此时只用 however He is a clever boy. How clever a boy he is! What a clever boy he is! How clever a boy! / What a clever boy! 主谓宾 + however late he is! 1. ______________ from Beijing to London! A. How long way it is B. What a long way is it C. How long way is it D. What a long way it is

13. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty, ________ great it is. A. what B. how C. however D. whatever 16. ____________, mother will wait for him to have dinner together. A. However late is he B. However he is late C. However is he late D. However late he is 17. We'll have to finish the job, _________________. A. long it takes however B. it takes however long C. long however it takes D. however long it takes 1. Will you ________ me a favor, please? A. give B. make C. do favor 缘分 lottery 奖券;缘分 Effort is rewarding. 2. _________, I went to the railway station to see my friend off. A. After eating quickly my dinner B. After my quickly eating dinner C. After eating my dinner quickly D. After eating my quickly dinner after + n. after + 主谓宾 after + doing 3. I learned to __________ a bicycle as a small boy. A. drive B. ride C. operate

D. doing

D. run

4. Does ____________ matter if he can't finish the job on time? A. this B. that C. he D. it 5. A computer __________ think for itself; it must be told what to do. A. can't B. couldn't C. may not D. might not 表示“可能” can / may / might

可能性依次降低

11. Peter _______ come with us tonight, but he isn't very sure yet. A. must B. may C. can D. will 10. -Are you coming to Jeff's party?

-I'm not sure. I ________ go to the concert instead. A. must B. would C. should

D. might

5. -Is John coming by train? -He should, but he __________ not. He likes driving his car. A. must B. can C. need D. may 表示“不可能” can't / couldn't 表示“能力” can / be able to 19. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone _______ get out. A. had to B. would C. could D. was able to 表示“责备” should / ought to 6. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ________ for her. A. had to write it out B. must have written it out C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out 8. -When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. -They __________ be ready by 12:00. A. can B. should C. might D. need 表示“必要” need / must 表示“不必要” needn't / mustn't 13. -Shall I tell John about it? -No, you ________. I've told him already. A. needn't B. wouldn't C. mustn't D. shouldn't 3. Johnny, you ________ play with the knife, you ________ hurt yourself. A. won't; can't B. mustn't; may C. shouldn't; must D. can't; shouldn't 5. A computer __________ think for itself; it must be told what to do. A. can't B. couldn't

C. may not

D. might not

6. Don't smoke in the meeting room, __________? A. do you B. will you C. can you 7. -Have you moved into the new house? -Not yet. The rooms _________. A. are being painted B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painting

D. could you

8. Alexander Graham Bell invented ____________ telephone in 1876. A. (不填) B. a C. the D. one 10. ___________! There's a train coming. A. Look out B. Look around C. Look forward D. Look on 11. - Will somebody go and get Dr. White? - He's already been_________. A. asked for B. sent for

C. called for

D. looked for

第五课时
12. The murderer was brought in, with his hands _________ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied 小技巧: having done done(答案) 21. The computer center, _________ last year, is very popular among the students in this school. A. open B. opening C. having opened D. opened 18. _________ in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. losing B. having lost C. Lost D. To lose 12. ________ the general state of his health, it may take him a while to recover from the operation. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given

D. tied

14. The research is so designed that once __________ nothing can be done to change it. A. begins B. having begun C. beginning 13. - We haven't heard from Jane for a long time. - What do you suppose __________ to her? A. was happening B. to happen C. has happened D. having happened 14. She heard a terrible noise, ___________ brought her heart into her mouth. A. it B. which C. this D. that 15. Mrs. Smith warned her daughter __________ after drinking. A. never to drive B. to never drive C. never driving D. never drive 16. - Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother? - I don't know, __________. A. nor don't I care B. nor do I care C. I don't care neither D. I don't care also 17. -How did you find your visit to the museum? -I thoroughly enjoyed it. It was _________ than I expected. A. far more interesting B. even much interesting C. so more interesting D. a lot much interesting 18. We couldn't eat in a restaurant because __________ of us had __________ money on us. A. all; no B. any; no C. none; any

D. begun

D. no one; any

19. On Saturday afternoon, Mrs. Green went to the market, _____ some bananas and visited her cousin. A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. buy 20. These oranges taste __________. A. good B. well

C. to be good

D. to be well

21. The students ________ busily when Miss Brown went to get a book she ________ in the office. A. had written; left B. were writing; has left C. had written; had left D. were writing; had left 背景动作原则:

在过去发生两个动作,一个可延续性动作,一个瞬间动作,可延续性动作用过去进行时 做为本件事情发生的背景,一个是瞬间动作用一般过去时 I was reading when someone knocked at the door. 30. Tom _________ into the house when no one _________. A. slipped; was looking B. had slipped; looked C. slipped; had looked D. was slipping; looked go hiking 22. When and where to build the new factory _________ yet. A. is not decided B. are not decided C. has not decided D. have not decided 主谓一致: 1、定语从句主谓一致 He is one of the seven students who go abroad. He is the only one of the seven students who goes to Yale. 取决于所修饰的名词 2、随前一致原则 A with B 以 A 决定主谓 A dog with two cats comes in. together with / along with / accompanied by 3、随后一致原则 not ... but / not only ... but also 4、就近原则 以靠近的名词为准 Is he or I ... He or I am ... There is a book and two pens. There are two pens and a book. 5、and A and B 一般是复数 例外:A teacher and a lawyer 法律法规(law and order) 谓语动词是单数 bread and butter to love and to be loved war and peace 6、百分比结构的主谓宾 50% of the students 谓语动词复数 of 后面的名词决定谓语动词的单复数 PhD Permanent head Damage 7、不定式、动名词、从句做主语 谓语动词是单数

To see is to believe. Seeing is believing. What I said is right. 8. The teacher, with 6 girls and 8 boys of her class, ____ visiting a museum when the earthquake struck. A. was B. were C. had been D. would be 14. No one but Rose and Kate ____ a fine red coat. A. put on B. is wearing C. dresses

D. have on

10. A library with five thousand books _________ to the nation as a gift. A. is offered B. has offered C. are offered 55. Three-fourths of the surface of the earth ____ sea. (88) A. is B. are C. were D. have been the + adj. 表示一类人 谓语动词是复数 the + adj. 表示一组抽象概念 22. When and where to build the new factory _________ yet. A. is not decided B. are not decided C. has not decided D. have not decided 23. The secretary worked late into the night, _________ a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing

D. have offered

24. I can hardly imagine Peter ________ across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. A. sail B. to sail C. sailing D. to have sailed 26. The hero of the story is an artist in his _______. A. thirtieth B. thirty C. thirty's

D. thirties

27. No one can be sure ____________ in a million years. A. what man will look like B. what will man look like C. man will look like what D. what look will man like 28. Without electricity human life ________ quite different today. A. is B. will be C. would have been D. would be

29. John was made _________ the truck for a week as a punishment. A. to wash B. washing C. wash D. to be washing 1. Little Jim should love _________ to the theatre this evening. A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 2. -Could I borrow your dictionary? -Yes, of course you ________. A. might B. will 5. -Hello. May I speak to Zhao Hua? -Yes. _____________. A. My name's Zhao Hua C. This is Zhao Hua speaking

C. can

D. should

B. I'm Zhao Hua D. Zhao Hua's me

6. When Jack arrived he learned Mary __________ for almost an hour. A. had gone B. had set off C. had left D. had been away 7. I really don't want to go to the party, but I don't see how I can _______ it. A. get back from B. get out of C. get away D. get off 8. I would appreciate _________ back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you're calling 10. The doctor will be free ___________. A. 10 minutes later B. after 10 minutes C. in 10 minutes D. 10 minutes after 11. How _________ can you finish the drawing? A. often B. soon C. long D. rapid 13. Mr. Zhang gave the textbooks to all the pupils except ________ who had already taken them. A. the ones B. ones C. some D. the others 14. _____________ terrible weather we've been having these days! A. How a B. What a

C. How

D. What

15. There're so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can't make up my mind _______ to buy. A. what B. which C. how D. where 16. -We could have walked to the station; it was so near. -Yes. A taxi ________ at all necessary. A. wasn't B. hadn't been C. wouldn't be D. won't be 18. Which is ____________ country, Canada or Australia? A. a large B. larger C. a larger D. the larger 19. Shortly after the accident, two _______ police were sent to the spot to keep order. A. dozen of B. dozens C. dozen D. dozens of 20. It was not ________ she took off her dark glasses ________ I realized she was a famous film star. A. when; that B. until; that C. until; when D. when; then 22. ___________ the 2000 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet. A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That 24. John was so sleepy that he could hardly keep his eyes ___________. A. open B. to be opened C. to open D. opening 26. -Where's Jack? -I think he's still in ___ bed, but he might just be in _____ bathroom. A. (不填); (不填) B. the; the C. the; (不填) D. (不填); the 29. ________ a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received

第六课时
7. How about the two of us_________ a walk down the garden? A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking How about doing ... Why not do ... 9. Many people are still in _______ habit of writing silly things in _______ public places. A. the; the B. 不填; 不填 C. the; 不填 D. 不填, the 12. -What was the party like? -Wonderful. It's years ___________ I enjoyed myself so much. A. after B. before C. when D. since 14. __________ down the radio—the baby's asleep in the next room. A. Turning B. To turn C. Turned D. Turn 15. -If he ________, he ________ that food. -Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. Was warned; would not take B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken 16. Readers can ________ quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word. A. get over B. get in C. get along D. get through get along well with 跟......相处得很好 get over 克服 get in 收获 get through 经历困难而完成一件事情 17. Tom's mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but ______ didn't help. A. he B. which C. she D. it 23. We've missed the last bus. I'm afraid we have no _______ but to take a taxi.

A. way

B. choice

C. possibility

D. selection

24. Charles Babbage is generally considered _______ the first computer. A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented 25. Be sure to write to us, ___________? A. will you B. aren't you C. can you D. mustn't you 26. The pen I _______ I ______ is on my desk, right under my nose. A. think; lost B. thought; had lost C. think; had lost D. thought; have lost 27. I take a long time to go there by train; it's ________ by road. A. quick B. the quickest C. much quick D. quicker 28. He dropped the ________ and broke it. A. cup of coffee B. coffee's cup C. cup for coffee D. coffee cup 29. We offered him our congratulations _______ his passing the college entrance exams. A. at B. on C. for D. of 30. -How's the young man? -___________. A. He's twenty C. he's much better

B. He's doctor D. He's David

动名词 动名词,功能多,可做主,可做宾,主动形式 ing,被动形式 being done,可带主,可加宾, 主为宾格所有格,句首为主谓为单,前面加 not 是否定 fine 罚款 escape 逃避 + doing escaping being fined fine for parking I remember his / him / Liu Qiang / Liu Qiang's offering to help me. not coming His not coming made me angry.

22. He insisted on his ____ Dr. Turner instead of Mr. Turner. A. called B. calling C. being called 8. I would appreciate _________ back this afternoon. A. you to call B. you call C. your calling D. you're calling 要求接 doing 的词 soften smile open forward compare consider consider doing sth. be considered to do sth. object to object to doing miss miss doing permit don't permit smoking avoid resist

D. been called

touch

eye-contact

nod

3. -Do you think it's going to rain over the weekend? -_______________. A. I don't believe B. I don't believe it C. I believe not so D. I believe not I don't believe so. think guess(特殊) I guess not. I guess so. 12. -What was the party like? -Wonderful. It's years ___________ I enjoyed myself so much. A. after B. before C. when D. since 5. -Can I join your club, Dad? -You can when you _________ a bit older. A. get B. will get C. are getting D. will have got

6. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ________ for her. A. had to write it out B. must have written it out C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out 过去的条件得出过去的结论或过去的一种虚拟 if have done 答案选 would have done / could have done might / should 15. He __________ you more help, even though he was very busy. A. might have given B. might give C. may have given D. may give 15. -If he ________, he ________ that food. -Luckily he was sent to the hospital immediately. A. Was warned; would not take B. had been warned; would not have taken C. would be warned; had not taken D. would have been warned; had not taken 21. I didn't see your sister at the meeting. If she ________, she would have met my brother. A. has come B. did come C. came D. had come 14. You didn't let me drive. If we ______ in turn, you ________ so tired. A. drove; didn't get B. drove; wouldn't get C. were driving; wouldn't get D. had driven; wouldn't have got 8. She set out soon after dark ________ home an hour later. A. arriving B. to arrive C. having arrived D. and arrived 并列结构的引导词: and / or / but 形式上要对称 by scent or by color 连接词之间的混用 and 并列 or 选择 I stand here thinking.

but 转折

19. -I don't like chicken ________ fish. -I don't like chicken ________ I like fish very much. A. and; and B. and; but C. or; and D. or; but

26. Would you like a cup of coffee ______ shall we get down to business right away? A. and B. then C. or D. otherwise 13. ____________ it with me and I'll see what I can do. A. When left B. leaving C. If you leave D. Leave 18. ________ some of this juice - perhaps you'll like it. A. Trying B. Try C. To try 连字符相当于 and 11. -I must apologize for _________ ahead of time. -That's all right. A. letting you not know B. not letting you know C. letting you know not D. letting not you know 12. Rather than ____ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ___ a bicycle. A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride; riding 13. -Shall I tell John about it? -No, you ________. I've told him already. A. needn't B. wouldn't C. mustn't D. shouldn't 14. -How long has this bookshop been in business? -____________ 1982. A. After B. In C. From D. Since 16. Don't all speak at once! _________, please. A. Each at one time B. One by one time C. One for each time D. One at a time 17. -Do you like the material? -Yes, it __________ very soft. A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt 18. John plays football __________, if not better than, David. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as

D. Have tried

22. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, _____ that he had enjoyed his stay here. A. having added B. to add C. adding D. added 23. Here's my card. Let's keep in ________. A. touch B. relation relation to be concerned with be related to / with

C. connection

D. friendship

第七课时
26. I don't know the restaurant, but it's ___________ to be quite a good one. A. said B. told C. spoken D. talked be said to do sb. be told to do talk talk sb. into doing – persuade 27. Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially _________ Father was away in France. A. as B. that C. during D. if as = when 28. I need one more stamp before my collection __________. A. has completed B. completes C. had been completed D. is completed 30. We all write ___________, even when there's not much to say. A. now and then B. by and by C. step by step D. more or less by and by 不久以后 step by step 循序渐进 more or less 或多或少 3. She thought I was talking about her daughter, _________, in fact, I was

talking about my daughter. A. whom B. where while 在......期间 前后对比关系

C. which

D. while

4. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it _________. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken 5. -There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well. -It__________ a comfortable journey. A. can't be B. shouldn't be C. mustn't have been D. couldn't have been comfortable 舒适的 8. Can you believe that in ____ a rich country there should be ____ many poor people? A. such; such B. such; so C. so; so D. so; such so + few / many / little / much 9. We agreed __________ here but so far she hasn't turned up yet. A. having met B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met 12. I hope there are enough glasses for each guest to have ________. A. it B. those C. them D. one 17. -Have you finished your report yet? -No, I'll finish in _________ ten minutes. A. another B. other C. more D. less 19. -How was your recent visit to Qingdao? -It was great. We visited some friends, and spent the ______ days at the seaside. A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last sunny few D. few sunny last

the first two long old red French sports cars 1. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 6. The train leaves at 6:00 pm. So I have to be at the station ______ 5:40 pm at the latest. A. until B. after C. by D. around by be done by by doing 作品 by 作者 研究 by 研究人员 in in + 时间 / 地点 / 颜色 / 国籍 / 状态 In Guangzhou a teacher in green is teaching us grammar in English in a high voice in the afternoon. in a good state through through + 方法 通过 through + 地点 穿过 through a tunnel / through the earth throughout throughout + 时间 贯穿 throughout + 地点 遍及 of 小小的 of 常抓的点,of 前名词、形容词最高级 the tallest of the four teachers the head of the dog the secretary to ... 11. The ______ of the meeting is to elect a new captain. A. purpose B. meaning C. fact 目标、功能七个词 + is to do objective / aim / purpose / goal / function / effect / reason 18. Sarah has read lots of stories by American writers. Now she would like to read ________ stories by writers from _________ countries. A. some; any B. other; some C. some; other D. other; other

D. use

20. It was about 600 years ago __________ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. A. that B. until C. before D. whe it is unknown that you got ... To get ... is possible. -> It is possible to get ... it 可代替名词性从句、不定式、动名词 Remembering the story is worth. -> It is worth remembering the story. 16. - What do you think of the book? - Oh, excellent. It's worth ______ a second time. A. to read B. to be read C. reading D. being read 19. Is ____ necessary to complete the design before National Day? A. this B. that C. it D. he 11. I don't think ____ possible to master a foreign language without much memory work. A. this B. that C. its D. it 主语 + 及物动词 + it + 宾补 + 真主 允许的动词:make / take / think / consider / find / feel 形式宾语:it 宾补:形容词、名词 真主:名词、不定式、动名词 6-1-2-3 结构 25. It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray. A. while B. that C. if D. for it 引导强调句型 it is / was + A(被强调部分) + that(人可用 who) + B(剩余部分) 时态两个(is / was) ,连词两个(that / who) A + B = 完整句 A 可强调主语、宾语、表语、状语 It was you that / who got 800 in 2004. It was in 2004 that you got 800. It was 800 that you got in 2004. 20. It was not ________ she took off her dark glasses ________ I realized she was a famous film star. A. when; that B. until; that C. until; when

D. when; then

23. It was not until 1920__________ regular radio broadcasts began. A. while B. which C. that D. since 20. It was about 600 years ago ________ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. A. that B. until C. before D. when 17. It was only when I reread his poems recently _________ I began to appreciate their beauty. A. until B. that C. then D. so 14. -I stayed at a hotel while in New York. -Oh, did you? You _____________ with Barbara. A. could have stayed B. could stay C. would stay D. must have stayed 19. It is the ability to do the job _______matters where you come from or what you are. A. one B. that C. what D. it 11. It was not until 1920__________ regular radio broadcasts began. A. when B. which C. that D. since 独立主格: 独立主格要认清,名代之后形或副,不定式、分词和介短,位置结构要记牢,名代二词 是其主,千变万化做状语

第八课时
1. -Can you come on Monday or Tuesday? -I'm afraid __________ day is possible. A. either B. neither C. some D. any 2. -You haven't been to Beijing, have you? -_____________. How I wish to go there! A. Yes, I have B. Yes, I haven't C. No, I have D. No, I haven't 3. I hate _________ when people talk with their mouths full. A. it B. that C. these D. them

4. Dr. Black comes from either Oxford or Cambridge. I can't remember _____. A. where B. there C. which D. that 5. -Nancy is not coming tonight. -But she ___________. A. promises B. promised C. will promise D. had promised 6. If I had ___________, I'd visit Europe, stopping at all the small interesting places. A. a long enough holiday B. an enough long holiday C. a holiday enough long D. a long holiday enoug 7. Nobody noticed the thief slip into the house because the lights happened to __________. A. be put up B. give in C. be turned on D. go out give in 屈服,放弃 8. -When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. -They __________ be ready by 12:00. A. can B. should C. might D. need 9. Professor White has written some short stories, but he is ________ known for his plays. A. the best B. more C. better D. the most be known be known for 因为......而闻名 be know as 作为......而闻名 be known to do 因为做......而闻名 12. They ___________ the train until it disappeared in the distance. A. saw B. watched C. noticed D. observed watch 看东西注意的看

13. ____________ it with me and I'll see what I can do. A. When left B. leaving C. If you leave D. Leave 14. -I stayed at a hotel while in New York. -Oh, did you? You _____________ with Barbara. A. could have stayed B. could stay C. would stay D. must have stayed 16. You'll find this map of great __________ in helping you to get round London. A. price B. cost C. value D. usefulness valuable = of value 介词 + 抽象名词 = 相应的形容词 of interest = interesting useful = of use 抽象名词前不能加冠词,但可以加修饰语 of great value = very valuable of serious interest = very interesting 18. Cleaning women in big cities usually get __________ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 20. European football is played in 80 countries, ___________ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make 19. -Hi Tracy, you look tired. -I am tired. I ____________ living room all day. A. painted B. had painted C. have been painting D. have painted 2. -I'm going to the post office. -___________ you're there, can you get me some stamps? A. As B. While C. Because D. If as long as 只要 if only 要是......就好了 in case 万一

hardly ... when 一......就...... the moment Write to me the moment you arrive in Beijing. 9. —Was his father very strict with him when he was at school? —Yes. He had never praised him ____he became one of the top students in his grade. A. after B. unless C. until D. when 11. _____ I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it. A. Even though B. Unless C. As long as so that 后面加一句话,无情态动词,表结果 有情态动词或将来时,表目的 5. Roses need special care _____ they can live through winter. A. because B. so that C. even if

D. While

D. as

10. John shut everybody out of the kitchen __________ he could prepare his grand surprise for the party. A. which B. when C. so that D. as if in order that 19. John may phone tonight. I don't want to go out ______ he phones. A. as long as B. in order that C. in case 3. Paper money was in ________ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in _______ thirteenth century. A. the; 不填 B. the; the C. 不填; the D. 不填; 不填 4. -Are the new rules working? -Yes. ____________ books are stolen. A. Few B. More C. Some

D. so that

D. None

6. _________ you've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. A. Now that B. After C. Although D. As soon as now that 既然 7. ____________ him and then try to copy what he does.

A. Mind C. Stare at

B. Glance at D. Watch

12. Few pleasures can equal ___________ of a cool drink on a hot day. A. some B. any C. that D. those 11. Strangely enough, a pair of new trousers ______ among the rubbish. A. were found B. was found C. has found D. have found 12. Few pleasures can equal ___________ of a cool drink on a hot day. A. some B. any C. that D. those 16. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, _________ it more difficult. A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make 不定式: to 加动原不定式,非谓不做谓语用,功能如同名形副,疑问副代可连用,宾补有 to 分 两种,前面加 not 是否定 疑问代词:what / who / which + to do 疑问副词:whether / when / where / how + to do 疑问代词:what / who / which + to do(及物) (疑问代词做不定式的宾语) I don't know who to invite. 疑问副词:whether / when / where / how + to do I don't know how to invite her. what 和 which 的区别: 不知道具体什么东西时用 what 前面有个范围可供选择用 which,无范围用 what 39. There isn't any difference between the two. I really don't know ____ . A. where to choose B. which to choose C. to choose what D. to choose which 40. He doesn't know ____ to stay or not. A. whether B. if

C. either

D. if he will

15. There're so many kinds of tape-recorders on sale that I can't make up my mind _______ to buy.

A. what C. how

B. which D. where

14.I've worked with children before , so I know what ________ in my new job. A. expect ed B. to expect C. to be expecting 4. The mother didn't know __________ to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. A. who B. when C. how D. what

D. expects

不定式: to 加动原不定式,非谓不做谓语用,功能如同名形副,疑问副代可连用,宾补有 to 分 两种,前面加 not 是否定 to 省略 help help sb. do / help do / help to do / help sb. to do 使义动词 make sb. do / make sb. doing / make sth. done be made to do 感官动词 see sb. do / see sb. doing sb. be seen to do / sb. be seen doing

第九课时
15. The missing boys were last seen __________ near the river. A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play 一个感觉 feel like 两个听 hear / listen to 三个让 make / have / let 四个看 see / look / observe / watch help 半个 help 两均可,被动以后 to 还原 29. John was made _________ the truck for a week as a punishment. A. to wash B. washing C. wash D. to be washing to 与 do 不共存的省略: do but (but 后省略 to) I have no choice but to call the police. I have nothing to do but call the police.

主语中出现 do / did / does,表语的 to 要省略 What I want to do is go shopping. to 不省略的一种形式: warn sb. to do / wait to do / offer / order / lead / love / fail / hope / happen / expect / ask / allow / decide / manage / afford / permit / prefer / pretend / said 13. The patient was warned _______ oily food after the operation. A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eating 7. I would love _________ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. to have gone C. going D. having gone 29. He ____ the world record. A. failed to break C. failed breaking

B. failed to breaking D. failed broken

15. -Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls? -Yes. They have better players, so I __________ them to win. A. hope B. prefer C. expect D. want 1. The teacher asked us ______ so much noise. A. don't make B. not make C. not making 9. We agreed __________ here but so far she hasn't turned up yet. A. having met B. meeting C. to meet D. to have met 12. Rather than ____ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ___ a bicycle. A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride; riding 24. She pretended ____ me when I passed by. A. not to see B. not seeing C. to not see D. having not seen 25. Father will not ____ us to use his recorder. A. have B. let C. agree

D. not to make

D. allow

不定式一般式:to do(与谓语同时发生) I am glad to see you. 不定式完成式:to have done(发生在谓语之前) He seems to have read this book. 24. Charles Babbage is generally considered ______ the first computer. A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented 分词: 现在分词主动进行,过去分词被动状态 boiling point retired worker Standing by Liu Qiang, I am listening to the music.(主被动针对主语而言) I came in, singing. I came in, followed by two dogs. 分词做状语,看主语 分词做定语,在分词前看到名词,主被动取决于该名词;若无名词,主被动由主 语决定 The bird living in the nest is called Liu Qiang. The beach polluted by oil belongs to Japan. 分词做补语,在分词前看到名词,主被动取决于该名词;若无名词,主被动由主 语决定 Lao Yu keeps the boy crying. Lao Yu saw his donkeys tied at the tree. 18. Most of the artists ___________ to the party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited 23. ____________ more attention, the trees could have grown better. A. Given B. To give C. Giving D. Having given 12. The murderer was brought in, with his hands _____ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 23. The secretary worked late into the night, _____ a long speech for the president. A. to prepare B. preparing C. prepared D. was preparing 3. "Can't you read?" Mary said __________ to the notice. A. angrily pointing B. and point angrily C. angrily pointed D. and angrily pointing

倒装: 主倒从不倒 双重否定不倒装 倒装结构两大类,部分全倒主看谓,句首强调 there be,部分倒装分四种,否定副 词在句首,only 加状语在句首,so ... that 结构 so 提前,承前否定/肯定用 neither/ so Only at night does he feel panic. Ahead of us is Great Wall. There is a stone. not until Only when you get 800 will you feel better. so + adj. 全倒 so + adv. 部分倒 Monkey King is so handsome that Tieshangongzhu favored him. So handsome is Monkey King ... He studied so hard that he got 800. So hard did he study that he got 800. He can deal with this thing. So can I. Neither can I.


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