一、动词类： “看” 1 look 看的动作/ see 看的结果; watch 观察/observe 为了研究进行的观察; Notice 注意 catch sight of 看见/ stare 好奇地看/ glare 瞪着看 see a film watch TV talk with sb about sth 强调说话者之间的交流 Say sth
Glance 瞅见/glimpse 瞥见
2“说” telll sth to sb.=tell sb sth 告诉的内容 诉说的内容
speak in English 说的语言 whisper sth to sb 耳语
Inform sb of sth 通知某 chat 聊天
人某事 reason /talk/persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 Bargain 讨价还价 repeat 重复
explain 解释 warn 警告 remind 提醒 Discuss 讨论 debate 辩论 figure 指出 admit 承认 deny 否绝 describe 描述 announce 公布
declare 宣布 claim 自称 mention 提起 introduce 介绍 complain 抱怨 3“叫” cry 哭叫 call 叫
shout 大喊 scream 尖叫
sigh 叹气 quarrel 大吵
4“问” ask 询问 interview 采访 express 表达 question 审问 5“答” answer 回答 respond 回应(用其他方式回应) reply 回复 hear 听的结果 pick up 收听 overhear 无意听到 drop a line 写信 draw 画
6 “听” listen to 听的动作
7“写” dictate 听写 write sth 写 describe 描写 take down/write down 写下，记下 8“拿/放” take 拿走 bring 拿来 hold 举着
carry 扛，挑 （无方向性） fetch 拿来拿去
lift 举 Put
放 lay 铺/放置 pull 拉/push 推 9“抓” take hold of 抓着 seize 紧抓 grasp 握住 scratch 抠 beat 不间断的打击 strike 突然的击打/突然想到 blow 吹刮
10“打” hit 一次性的打击 attack 攻击 11“扔” throw 扔 12“送” send 寄送
drop 掉 放弃 错过 fall 倒下无意掉下来 wave 招手 shake 摇 deliver 递送 give 给 offer 主动给予 see off 给某人送行 in one’s arms
13“摸/抱” touch 摸 /fold 折叠
/embrace 拥抱 / hug 抱/hold 握
14“踢/碰” kick 踢/knock 敲/ tip 轻敲 15 “行” walk run climb jump skip 单腿跳 slip 溜 come/go enter 进入 move 搬迁 drive 开车 ride 骑 fly crawl 匍匐前进
16“坐” sit down be seated seat oneself take a seat/ stand 站，耸立/ lean 斜靠 17“睡/休息” lie /on one’s back/ on one side/ on one’s stomach stay in bed have a rest 打盹 be asleep bend turn over 翻身 rest take a nap
18“笑” smile 微笑（不出声） laugh burst into laughter burst out laughing
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19“哭” cry shed tears 留泪 weep 呜咽地哭 sob 抽泣 20“找/查” find 找到 look for 正在找过程 find out 查明
burst into tears /burst out crying discover/explore 发现/探索 Search sb 搜身 search sp.
hunt for search for seek / seek for for sth 为某物而搜寻某地 Check 检查，核实 21“穿”
in search of 寻找
examine 考察发现问题/体检 test 检测，检验 inspect 视察 be dressed in 穿的状态 make-up 化装
put on 动作 wear 穿戴 have on 试穿 get changed 换衣服 be in red
Take off 脱 remove 去除
22“吃/喝” eat/drink sip 吮吸 have a meal have supper toast taste treat sb to 请某人吃 help oneself to 随便吃
23“得” get obtain acquire 获得知识和技能 gain possess 24 “失” lose 丢了 be lost /be missing 人错过失踪， 不见 相继死去 25“有” have 有 die away 逐渐消失 own 是自己的 conquer 征服 occupy 占有=possess the remaining thing disappear be missing /gone gone 不见 （物） great loss die die off
26“无” nothing left 27“增/减”
rise / go up /drop
人主动抬价 raise /bring down /reduce increase/decrease 28“买/卖” buy purchase afford pay Bill / cheque / pay off pay for sell on sale bargain
cash/ credit card notes/ coins discounts live show turn up
29“存在/消失”come into being exist appear survive Disappear die die out
pass away be out of sight go+ bad /wrong/ sour /without（ negative adj.） turn +
30“变化” develop improve become grow colour change /change into
31“认识的过程”feel sense guess suppose wonder doubt know /learn realize Understand 32“成功/失败”make it Lose remember be familiar with recall recite apply to
succeed make progress come true realize one’s dream win failure defeat suffer loss beat turn sth. Into reality
fail to do
33“努力” try /manage make efforts attempt do ones best do as much as one can to do 34 祝贺 congratulations on sb celebrate observe 庆祝 get together 聚会 35 赞美/批评 praise think highly of / criticize /scold sb. for sth. 36 喜/恶 blame sb for sth/ sb is to blame have a low opinion of sb Speak ill of
like love be fond of be keen on be crazy about adore be into prefer enjoy in favor of hate be awful/disgusting ignore turn off
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37 判断 think believe consider 38 到达 arrive at reach
find feel conclude infer doubt get to stay in sp visit leave leave for
on one’s way to
upon one’s arrival on doing sth
39 受伤 hurt injured wound cut kill drown bleed get burnt suffer from suffer a loss 40 损坏 damage destroy ruin break down be broken crash
41 修复 repair rebuild restore fix 42 支持/反对 agree disagree be against elect
recover oneself refuse turn down
accept receive vote for/ against
43 做饭 cook wash cut chop boil fry steam make mix clean brush cover uncover cooker 44 建议 advise suggest recommend urge propose demand 45 花费 sth/doing sth+cost sb+spend+ in doing sth persuade 说服
Sb+afford +n/to do sth
It +take some time/ money/energy +to do sth 46 省/存钱 47 参加 save /save up set aside put away join /join in charge sb. With
sb+ pay+$ for sth. at one’s expense spare no effort/ time
take part in
attend compete in/ for/against
48 控告 accuse sb. of 49 救治 help /help out
save /rescue sb from sth. Treat 过程 / cure 结果 sb. Of sth
Aid sb in doing sth / to do sth help sb with sth assist sb in doing sth 50 敬佩 admire respect show respect for/to 51 逃避 ran away escape from adore envy /be jealousy in honor of
flee hide forbid doing sth. Ban prohibit solve settle
52 阻止/禁止 prevent / keep/ stop sb. From doing sth
53 对付/处理 handle / do with / deal with /tackle /overcome sth 54 效仿 copy imitate learn from learn
54 爆发/发生 come about happen to take place break out burst out go off 55 安装/装备 explosion
fasten fix set equip be equipped with 装备有
be armed with 用什么武装
56 追求 pursuit ran after seek after chase catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上 57 想/考虑 think of 考虑/+as 把什么看成 think about 想起 think over 仔细考虑 58 打算 be concerned 担心 be consider towards sb.
plan / intend / design to do be going to do /be about to do /will do seem appear look like as if as though
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60 开办/关闭 open start set up close/close up end close down 二、名词类“ 1 假期 vacation holiday spring break ask for leave be on holiday have two days off 2 旅游 trip journey tour voyage travel tourist passenger go camping/picnicking/hiking
3 职务人员 clerk secretary passer-by friend minister manager waitress guest host hostess Assistant customer adult neighbor relative patient /vet staff crew nurse teacher Conductor tailor sailor inventor gardener guard bill order tip tray napkin take medicine/pills have a fever/flu/headache fork and knife reserve /book table
4 餐馆/定餐/就餐 inn restaurant kitchen menu Taste delicious salad dash vegetables fruit
5 诊所/看病/服药 clinic hospital take one’s temperature doctor physician 6 车站/机场 airport on board
surgeon specialist patient miss the train/bus catch a train meet sb.
7 身体部位 arm head hair brain waist back shoulder pulse wrist 8 意志 will courage patience determination faith effort confidence ambition energy
9 才能/品质 talent gift ability potential intelligent promising smart stupid careful proud Strict honest cold serious easy-going learned strength weakness knowledgeable
10 优缺点 advantage disadvantage 11 目标
aim goal intention purpose belief faith approach
12 方式 means method way manner
13 身体素质 strong weak pale sick ill be well keep slim/ fit cut weight/put on weight 14 图表 photo picture graph drawing table line/bar graph pie chart draw a sketch 划草图 15 文章 reading translation essay poem paper novel/fiction diary 日记 Files form make a list of article magazine newspaper journal 日志
16 课堂 class course lecture example reason message notes words phrase scholarship degree Subject question trouble difficulty grades read comment marks 17 学校活动 match game activity hold a meeting /debate /speech/ ceremony idea proposal view recommandation
18 建议/观点 advice suggestion
19 气候/天气 climate weather storm windy cloudy rainy snow hot/cold/freezing/heat/warmth 20 交通 by train/bus /boat bike on the train/bus /a bike drive a car ride a bike give sb. a lift/ride 21 习惯 habit custom get used to regular 有规律的（形容词） practice 惯例（名词）
22 感觉 sight hearing touch smell sense
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23 情感 feeling emotion
delight sadness sorrow be rich/well-off
24 财富 money possessions wealth belongings fortunes treasure diamond 25 运动比赛 on the playground Coach on the track and filed
pitch event game match sports player
judge jogging weightlifting
clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指各种衣服，谓语动词永远是复数， cloth 指布， 为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称，指一件衣服用 a piece of, an article of
27 事件 incident, accident
三、形容词类 1 人的各种感受
incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故
乐 happy delighted to one’s joy pleased amused 悲 sad unhappy painful bitter 平静 calm quiet silent/still peaceful 烦 bother bored be fed up with 震惊 surprised astonished shocked /amazed 怕 in fear be frightened /scared /afraid hopeless be depressed
失望 desperate disappointed
满意 be satisfied with /be content to do 生气 Annoyed angry disgusting burst into rage 2 表程度的副词类 narrowly/ Nearly/ almost Accidently/ once in a while Farther/ further …. 四、易考的近义词组 Run/ manage Hit/ beat/strike grow/ plant meet/ satisfy leave/remain touch /feel fit/ suit/ match play /performer hardly/ hard occasionaly/ once be well/ good extremely/ very far / by far however/ therefore/so/thus very/ quite
Contain/ hold /seat/ fill Fall/ sink/ drop Cause/ reason Last/ continue
lie/sit/locate matter/ problem /trouble/
help/work/ do money/ account because/ since,as/ for separate/ divide
that’s why/ that’s because keep/ stay/
treat/ cure/ operate
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一．高级词汇 1．occur 替换 think of Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. 2．devote 替换 spend He spends all his spare time in reading. → He devotes all his spare time to reading. 3．seek 替换 want / look for They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees. 4．average 替换 ordinary I’m an average ( ordinary ) student. 5．but 替换 very The film we saw last night was very interesting. → The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting. The film we saw last night was anything but boring. 6．seat 替换 sit On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried. 7．suppose 替换 should He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly. 8．appreciate 替换 thank Thank you very much for you help. → We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated. 9．the case 替换 true I don’t think it is the case ( true ). 10．on 替换 as soon as As soon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began his research.. 11．due to 替换 because of He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm. 12．cover 替换 walk/read After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired. 13．contribute to 替换 be helpful/useful Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. → Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study. 14．round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby ①The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ②Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby). 15．come to light 替换 discover The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. → The family were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light. 16．have a ball 替换 have a good time/ enjoy oneself After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( had a good time ). 17．come up with 替换 think of Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas. 18．set aside 替换 save Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. (2004 天津 卷) 19．be of + n. 替换 adj.
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The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China. 20．refer to 替换 talk about/of, mention The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous. 21．can not but / can not help but 替换 have to do I could not but (had to) go home. 22．more often than not 替换 usually More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed. 23．lest 替换 so that /in order that I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. → I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it. 24．be long for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换 want to do sth./wish for I want to see you very much. → I am long to see you. 25．be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to 替换 be interested in He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps. 26．more than 替换 very ①I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September. ( NMET 2003 ) ②If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.(2004 全国卷) 27．perfect (ly) 替换 good/ very well He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ). 28．do sb a/the favor 替换 help Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio? 29．the other day 替换 a few days ago The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. ( NMET 1997 ) 30．in the course of 替换 during In the course of (During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety. 31．the majority of 替换 most The majority of (Most of ) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema. 32．consist of 替换 be made up of Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students. 33．be worn out 替换 be tired / broken ①After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out (tired). ②My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair. 34．become of 替换 happen What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ? 35．attend to 替换 look after 36．on condition that 替换 as long as 37．nevertheless 替换 however 38．express one’s satisfaction with 替换 be satisfied with 39．spare no efforts to do 替换 try one’s best to do 40．many a 替换 many 41．be rushed off one’s feet 替换 be busy in doing 42．a handful of 替换 a little / some 43．meanwhile 替换 at the same time 44．get to one’s feet 替换 stand up 45．beneath 替换 under 46．occasionally 替换 sometimes /once in while 47．for instance 替换 for example 48．seldom 替换 not often 49．wealthy 替换 rich 50．amazing 替换 surprising
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51．as a matter of fact 替换 in fact 二．高级句型结构 ◆It 句型 ①It will be + some time + before… It won’t be long before humans visit the Mars. ②It is + adj./n.+ for sb to do sth. It is very important for us to learn computer well, because it has changed our life so much. He said since it was a new model in China, it was impossible to fix it without the right spare parts. （2008 年湖北卷） ③It is + 被强调部分 + that… 1) It is what Yang Liwei has done that encourages us a lot. 2) Those who like reading extensively say it is through reading that we get our knowledge. ◆more …than any other 表示最高级 Among the optional courses, spoken English and computer study are more popular than any one else. ◆ 名词从句 ①It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn what is covered in the talk. ( 2004 全国卷 Ⅲ) ②My hometown is no longer what it used to be. ◆ （非限制性）定语从句 ①The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street. It is not far from Jianxin Chinese School.→ The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. (NMET 2003) ② It was quite an experience for us both, which I’ll never forget for the rest of my life. (2002 北京 卷) ◆ 分词结构 ① I don’t know about others, but I used to have to work even at weekends doing endless homework and attending classes as well. (NMET 2001) ② We’ll mostly stay at home in the evening watching TV, playing games, and meeting people. (2004 全国卷Ⅱ ) ③Hearing this, a few people began to run after him.（2004 辽宁卷） ④ Born in American, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and inventor.（2008 年湖南卷） ◆with 结构 ①A terrible accident happened yesterday, with nine people killed and almost eighty injured. ②He was carrying a bedroll and a large bag on his shoulder, with a large suitcase in his left hand. ◆ 倒装句 ①The library is to the east of the teaching building. → East of the teaching building is the library. ②Although we are tired, we are happy.→ Tired as we are, we are happy. ③Only in this way can he grow to be a useful man. (2002 上海卷) ④ May all your dreams come true! May our friendship last till the end of the universe.!（2007 年湖 南卷） ◆ 被动语态 ①Opinions are divided on the question. (NMET 2002) ② All classes are taught by teachers with rich experience in teaching foreign students. (2004 全国卷 Ⅳ ) ③New factories, houses and roads have been built.(2004 江苏卷) ◆ 巧妙的改写
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（1）．Only 改成 no one but Only Tom passed the exam last week. → No one but Tom passed the exam. （2）．as soon as …改成 No sooner…than…/Hardly…when…/Immediately…/The moment No sooner had we arrived at the cinema than the film started. （3）．have sb/sth do/done The girl was knocked off her bicycle and had her leg broken (her leg was broken.). （4）．变换插入语的位置 ①However, they suggest fees should be charged low. → They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. (NMET 2002) ② I think this is a good chance for you to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. → This is a good chance for you, I think, to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. (2004 全国卷Ⅰ ) (5). 用同位语代替非限制性定语从句 Meimei, who is seven years old, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days.→ Meimei, a girl of thirteen, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days. (2002 上 海卷) Shakespeare, a son from a poor family, a man of little education, wrote plays and poems that are read all over the world.（2008 年湖南卷） ◆ 其它 （1）注重句子的开头 ① 用 with 复合结构开头 With the sun setting in the west, we had to wave goodbye to the workers. With his help, we've learned how to analyze and settle problems.（2006 年湖南卷） With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we want.（2009 年江苏卷） ② 用非谓语动词形式开头 ⅰ ）In order to improve our English, our school held an English contest. ⅱ ）Walking towards the cinema, he met a foreigner. （2）长短句交错使用（注意：应突出主题句；长句子并非越长越好） ◆ ◆ 相关过渡语 1). 表示时间顺序: first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, later，first of all, finally, at last… 2). 表示空间顺序: near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side… 3). 表示比较、对照 : like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary, nevertheless, otherwise… 4). 表示因果关系: because, for, as a result, therefore, thus… 5). 表示递进关系: besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, on top of… 6). 表示并列关系: and, as well as, also… 7). 表示总结性 : in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief, to conclude…
◆强调句：可以轻松地将时间、地点、原因、方式等类型的状语从句转变为强调句。 It was not until I arrived home that I realized I had left the bag on the shop counter. It was then that I realized the importance of English.
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◆倒装句：只要句中有介词短语或状语从句，便可将其提前，变成倒装句。 Only when I turned right at the crossing did that car crack towards me. Only by this means can he escape from the big fire. ◆with 引导的伴随结构：可以将状语从句或并列句中的其中一个分句变成 with 结构。 With the sun lighting brightly and the birds singing clearly, I went to school in high spirits He always likes to sleep with the windows open. ◆巧妙地使用非谓语动词：可以将状语从句或并列的动词简化为非谓语动词。 Hearing that, the driver’s wife quickly added that her husband often talked nonsense after drinking. (低级 形式：When he heard that, ……) ◆恰到好处的被动句：适合应用于较简短的句子，这样显得语言简洁生动，宾语一般是 nothing、anything、 everything 等不定代词。 Searched all my pockets, but nothing was found。 ◆感叹句：通常用于开头结尾活跃文章气氛，凡是“I feel ……”之类表达感情的句子皆可如此改造。 How terrible I felt today! I failed again in the math exam. ◆高级定语从句：若定语从句中的动词带有介词，只需将介词移至先行词后。 We came to a place to which they had never paid a visit before. ◆进行时态：有时会含有一定情绪，尤其要使用 always 这样的富含感情色彩的副词。 I am always feeling terrible when I take a bus. ◆婉转表达：需要使用幽默的技巧，主要用于漫画型作文题。 I could find nothing but bad luck when I returned the shop after learning that my handbag had been left on the counter. ◆what 引导的名词性从句：将动宾结构转化为此结构。 What he gave me, which I knew, were not only a Christmas present but also a heart full of love and a mind of my existence in it.
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◆“数词+名词”变为“as many as+数词+名词”。 As many as ten years ago, my hometown used to be covered by forests ◆适当加一些不关痛痒的插入语：一些连词、副词可以放到句子中间充当语气较弱的插入语，如 I guess、 however、in a way、certainly、in my opinion、probably、briefly, generally speaking, believe it or not, besides, what’s more 等，有时可以考虑几个插入语连用，就更像英美人士的文章了。 ◆独立主格：将主从句去掉连词，前句动词变为分词即可。 The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills. ◆把简单句改成复合句：适当的时候把两个简单句改成“too….to…”或者“so…that…”等高级一点的复合句。 例如： I was very tired. I couldn’t keep up with them.我们可以改成：I was so tired that I couldn’t keep up with them.或：I was too tired to keep up with them. 这样一来，英语基础不是很好的学生只要能够写出最基本的句子，然后再对这些句子进行加工、改造、润 色，慢慢的，就会让句子靓起来，在高考中就可以得到比较满意的成绩。
一、the+ 最高级 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen(known/heard/had/read, etc) 例句：Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen. 海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。 二、Nothing is +比较级 than to + do 例句：Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教育更重要的事。 三、cannot emphasize the importance of …too much.（再怎么强调...的重要性也不为过。） 例句： We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的
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重要性也不为过。 四、There is no denying that + S + V ...（不可否认的...） 例句：There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.不可否认的，我们 的生活品质已经每况愈下。 五、It is universally acknowledged that+句子（全世界都知道...） 例句：It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.全世界都知道树木对我们是不可 或缺的。 六、There is no doubt that + 句子（毫无疑问的...） 例句：There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.毫无疑问的我们的 教育制度令人不满意。 七、An advantage of … is that + 句子 （...的优点是...） 例句：An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.使用太阳能 的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 八、The reason why + 句子 … is that +句子（...的原因是...） 例句：The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. / The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us. 我们必须种树的原因是它 们能供应我们新鲜的空气。 九、 So + 形容词 + be + 主语 + that +句子 （如此...以致于...） 例句： So precious is time that we can’t afford to waste it. 时间是如此珍贵，我们经不起浪费它。 十、Adj + as + Subject（主语）+ be, 主语 +谓语（虽然...） 例句：Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不虽然我们的国家富有，我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。 十一、The more…, the more…（愈...愈...） 例句：The harder you work, the more progress you make.你愈努力，你愈进步。
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The more books we read, the more learned we become.我们书读愈多，我们愈有学问。 十二、By +doing , sb can do… （借着...，..能够..） 例句：By taking exercise, we 十三、… enable + sb+ to 例句：Listening 十四、On 例句：On 值。 十五、It is time 例 句 ： It problems. 该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。 十六、Those who … （...的人...） 例句：Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished. is time + sb did sth the authorities （该是...的时候了） concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic no no can always stay （..使..能够..） feel relaxed.听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。 healthy.借着做运动，我们能够始终保持健康。
to music enable us to
account can we + do （我们绝对不能...） account can we ignore the value of knowledge.我们绝对不能忽略知识的价
违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。 十七、There is no 例句：There is no 十八、be one one but … （没有人不...） but longs to go to college.没有人不渴望上大学。
+ forced/compelled/obliged + to
+ V （不得不...） to give up doing
例句： Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled sports. 既然考试迫在眉睫，我不得不放弃做运动。 十九、Itis conceivable that + 句子 （可想而知的）It is obvious
that + 句子
It is apparent that + 句子 （显然的） 例句：It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.
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可想而知，知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 二十、That is the reason why … （那就是...的原因） reason why I don’t like it.
例句：Summer is sultry. That is the 夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。 二十一、For the past+ 时间，Sb 例句： For the past two
+ 现在完成式...（过去...年来，...一直...） busy preparing for the examination.过去两
years, I have been
年来，我一直忙着准备考试。 二十二、Since 例句：Since + 主语 + 过去式 ， 主语 he went to senior high + 现在完成式。 he has worked very hard.自从他上高中，
他一直很用功。 二十三、It pays 例句：It pays to to + do … （...是值得的。） help others.帮助别人是值得的。
二十四、be based on （以...为基础） 例句：The progress of thee society is based 二十五、Spare no effort to 例句：We should spare on harmony.社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。
+ do （不遗余力的） beautify our environment.
no effort to
高考英语作文写作之精选 50 佳句 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. More and more people come to realize the importance of regular physical exercise. We must struggle against our own laziness and stay with our training, rain or shine.（风雨无阻） Maintaining our health is very important. No one should trifle with his health. Physical exercise increases the appetite and favors digestion. It increases the circulation of the blood. Physical exercise can develop one’s self-confidence, judgment, and a strong will. Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. (Benjamin Franklin) A sound mind is in a sound body. Taking part in sports and games will keep us fit and healthy. Proper sports activities help us strengthen our physical body and build our sense of competition and cooperation.
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Research shows that getting plenty of exercise makes heart beat faster and lung work harder, thus strengthening the heart and reducing the chance of heart attack, and helping to lower blood pressure.
10. For those who work with their brains most of the day, the practice of sport is especially useful. 11. Once a habit is formed, it is difficult and sometimes impossible to shake it off. 12. It is easier to fall into bad habits than to get into good ones. 13. Many successful men declare that they own much of their prosperity to the formation of certain good habits in early life, such as punctuality, early rising, honesty, and thoroughness. 14. The eating habits of Chinese people have changed dramatically in the past decade. 15. People begin to eat less grain, but more fruit and vegetables. Fresh fruit and vegetables are rich in carbohydrate（碳水化合物）, vitamins and minerals. 16. People now pay much attention to nutrition, so they choose to eat meat and drink milk. 17. Fish and chicken contain more protein and less fat. 18. The issue of re-employment is of vital importance to the country’s reform, development and stability. 19. Some statistics indicate that trained workers are three times as likely to be re-employed as those who haven’t participated in any training programs. 20. A re-employment-oriented training network should be formed immediately to cover as many laid-off workers as possible to enhance their abilities to face challenges. 21. Its no shame to earn bread with one’s own hands no matter what kind of work he does, but it’s a disgrace to idle along with folded arms and wait until financial aid arrives. 22. China is undergoing a period of transition from a socialist planned economy to a socialist market economy. 23. The government is supposed to issue more beneficial policies to help the lay-offs out of difficulty. 24. Everyone desires and pursues happiness. But happiness means different things to different people. 25. I’ll be happy if I can realize my value in my future career and make some contribution to the development of our country. 26. Happiness also means being on good term with my colleagues and friends. 27. The only ones who will be really happy are those who will have sought and found how to serve the people. 28. Happiness lies first of all in health. 29. Happiness is always abounded from hard work. 30. Happiness consists in contentment. 31. Every generation has its own view of life and value system, which results from its living circumstances. 32. As long as different generations can understand each other and avoid foisting their own views and values on others, there will be fewer conflicts and more harmony between the generations. 33. The old assume that they know best, but it is only a matter of experience. 34. The young know how to enjoy work and leisure and not to be inhibited.（约束） 35. Children often complain that their parents cannot understand them, while parents feel sorry that their children seldom show them proper respect and obedience. 36. Children should respect their parents and be aware that what their parents do is for their good. 37. As reformation goes deeper in China, civil servants no longer have “iron rice bowls”as they used to have in many places. 38. Whatever we do, we should do in our power.（尽力而为） 39. To make a wise choice of occupations, two important things should be taken into consid-eration. One is the interest, the other, the demand of the people and society. 40. It is definitely true that behind every daily activity lies a motive. As a matter of fact, we can achieve nothing without a realistic goal.
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41. Everybody should have a goal in his life, because aimless life wastes our energy and time. 42. Whatever goal you might have, the primarily important thing you should have in life is health. 43. It is universally true that everyone needs good health. With our society becoming more competitive, it is important to stay healthy. 44. For one thing, people with good health can do work with full energy and their excellence in work in turn contributes to their health and happiness. For another, an unhealthy person is seldom able to show interest in everything around him and therefore he loses many opportunities to achieve success. 45. Generally speaking, those who have good motives do their duties well. For example, parents work hard from early morning till late at night because they want to support their families. Students study diligently either to rank top in their class or to be prepared for their future success. 46. On the other hand, people do things evil because they have evil goals. For instance, the motive for getting money without hard work makes a pickpocket steal a purse. To fulfill his evil desire, a robber grab others’ belongings, and a murderer can kill an innocent person. These wicked motives are the kind that people need to get rid of because they hurt others. 47. It is often easier to have ideals than to carry them out. 48. Effort and persistence are necessary for the realization of ideals. 49. Once the goal is determined, we must create opportunities to reach it. Work hard and be patient after your goal is set. Try your best to make your life happen in the way you wish to see it. It is those who set the right goal and stick to it long enough will finally achieve it. 50. Living without an aim is like sailing without a compass. When ideals are gone you may still exist, but you have ceased to live.（虽生犹死） 一、根据衔接词本身在文章中起到的作用，主要分为以下四类，即“起”、“承”、“转”、“合”。 (一)表示“起”的词/词组：用于开篇引出扩展句。 at first 最初 for one thing…(for another) at present 现在;当今 首先…(其次)… currently 目前;最后 recently 最近 first(ly)第一 in general 一般说来 in the beginning 起初 one the one hand…(on the other hand) to begin with 首先;第一 一方面…(另一方面) first of all 首先;第一 generally speaking 一般地说 in the first place 首先;第一 on the whole 总起来说 lately 最近 to start with 首先;第一 presently 现在;此刻 now 现在
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(二)有关“承”的常用词语：用来承接上文。 after/after that/afterwards 此后 by this time 此时 after a few days 几天以后 certainly 无疑地;当然地 after a while 过了一会儿 therefore 因此;结果 also/too 并且;又 for example 例如 at the same time 同时 for instance 例如 beside 此外 for this purpose 为了这个目的 Besides/what,s more 而且;此外 from now on 从此 in addition 此外 second 第二;第二点 in addition to… 除…之外 secondly 第二 in fact 事实上 similarly 同样地 in other words 换句话说 so 所以 in particular 特别(地) soon 不久 in the same way 同样地 still 仍然 by the way 顺便提一句 then 然后 indeed 的确 third 第三;第三点 meanwhile 与此同时 thirdly 第三 moreover 而且，此外 for another 其次 no doubt 无疑地 such as 正如 obviously 明显地 later 后来 of course 当然 truly 事实上;真实地 particularly 特别地 unlike …不像……;和……不同 what is more 而且;此外 (三)有关“转”的常用词语：用来表示不同或相反的意见。
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after all 毕竟 fortunately 幸运地 all the same 依然;照样 however 然而;无论如何 anyway 无论如何 in spite of 尽管……;虽然…… at the same time 同时;然而 luckily 幸运地 but 但是 by this time 此时 though/although 尽管 no doubt 无疑地 in/by contrast 对比之下 on the contrary 相反地 even though 即使 otherwise 否则 still 仍然 unfortunately 不幸地 in fact 事实上 unlike 不像……;和……不同 as a matter of fact 事实上 yet 仍;然而;但是 especially 特别地 (四)有关“合”的常用词语：用于小结上文或结束本段落的内容。 above all 最重要的是 accordingly 于是 as a result 结果 in sum 总之，简而言之 as has been noted 如前所述 in summary 简要地说 as I have said 如我所述 on the whole 总体来说;整个看来 at last 最后 therefore 因此 by and large 一般说来 thus 因此 briefly 简单扼要地 to speak frankly 坦白地说 by doing so 如此 to sum up 总而言之 eventually 最后 surely 无疑 finally 最后 to conclude 总而言之 in brief 简言之 no doubt 毫无疑问
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in conclusion 总之，最后 undoubtedly 无疑 in short 简而言之 truly 的确 in a word 总之 so 所以 certainly 当然地;无疑地 obviously 显然 all in all 总之 二、根据衔接词本身的意思和文章连接所需要的逻辑意义，可分为以下 14 类。 (一)表示因果关系
as a result
He never studied hard, and as a result he failed in the last examination.
as a result of
He is late for work as a result of traffic accident.
He wanted to buy a radio for study English, and accordingly her mother bought it for him.
We are delayed because of a traffic jam.
His success is due to his excellent work.
Owing to his absence, our meeting is not held.
Thanks to a good teacher, she passed the examination.
Now that you have grown up, you must earn for yourself.
so long as
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You could realize your dream so long as you try it again and again.
Since you are here now, you,d better give a hand.
The policy is harmful in that it may encourage people to give up.
The office speaks at the top of his voice so that every soldier could hear him.
There is a calculating mistakes there, therefore, the answer is wrong. (二)表示解释关系 as a matter of fact I will go there this morning, as a matter of fact, I am only 10 minutes, drive from you. as well I will go there. My friend will go with me as well. frankly speaking Frankly speaking, I am not very satisfactory with your words. in this case In this case, I will go there as soon as possible. (三)表示推理关系 or else Hurry up, or else you,ll be late. otherwise You must carry this passport, otherwise you will be stopped by the guard. if so
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If so, it will make a great difference. (四)表示递进关系 in addition I need your help. In addition, I also need her support. besides First, we must work hard. Besides, we must work with a creative mind. and moreover The hat is the right size for you, and moreover, it goes well with your skin. that is to say The stock price is declining, that is to say, I am losing money. in other words I am not hungry, in other words, I really dislike the food in this canteen. equally important You should read more news from newspapers, and equally important, keep an eye on the news from the radio. what,s more It is harmful to my health, and what,s more, it is no good to my work. last but not least Last but bot least, my thanks should go to every member of my class. (五)表示比较关系 equally As a teacher, I should teach well, but equally, I should study well. in the same way It is such a coincidence that we figure it out in the same way.
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in contrast to In contrast to your belief, I quite disagree with you. instead If you don’t go, I,ll go instead. on the contrary You thought I like it. On the contrary, I dislike it. in contrast It is hot in the daytime, but in contrast it,s very cold at night. while We are happy in China, while most Africans live unhappily.
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