How do you study for a test?
学习目标： 1.knowing words and phrases.
2.Grasp the important sentences.
Learn the new words:
? Fill in the b
flashcards 1.Do you have any _________( 单词卡） ？ vocabulary 2.I learn English by making___________(词汇） list. aloud 3.Please read _____ (大声地）,I can’t hear you. pronunciation 4.Your ______________（发音） sounds good.
Do you like English? Yes No
How is your English study?
A: Do you like English? B:
A: How is your English study?
There’s an English test on Monday. Can you tell me how you study for a test?
How do they study? By working with friends
How does she study? By making flashcards.
How does she study? By reading the textbook.
By asking the teacher for help. She was very happy.
How does he study?
By making vocabulary lists.
Do you know “by”?
? 2.by: ①通过…..方式（途径）。eg：I learn English by listening to tapes. ? ②在…..旁边。eg：by the window/the door ? ③乘坐交通工具 eg：by bus/car ? ④在……之前，到……为止。eg：by October 在10月前 ? ⑤被 eg：English is spoken by many people.
1a Check the ways you study for an English test. Then add other ways you use sometimes.
_____ by working with friends _____ by making flashcards
_____ by reading the textbooks
_____ by making vocabulary lists
_____ by listening to tapes
_____ by asking the teacher for help _____ ____________________________________
I learn English …
? by having the English class carefully . by taking notes carefully . by finishing my homework seriously . by taking part in English classes after school . by watching English programs on TV. by enjoying English songs.
I learn English …
I learn English by listening to the tapes. by asking the teacher for help. by reading English magazines and newspapers . by getting an English tutor. by studying with a group.
1b Listen. How do these students study for a test?
1. Mei studies for a test by ____________________. making flashcards 2. Antonio studies for a test by _________________. listening to tapes
3. Pierre studies for a test by ___________________. help asking the teacher for
2a Listen and check the questions you hear.
1. _____ Do you learn English by watching √ English-language videos? 2. _____ Do you ever practice conversations with √ friends? 3. _____ What about listening to tapes? ???
Section A 2b.mp3
4. _____ What about reading aloud to practice √ pronunciation?
5. _____ Have you ever studied with a group? √
2b Listen and match the questions with their answers.
1. _____ Do you learn English by √ watching English-language videos?
2. _____ Do you ever practice √ conversations with friends? 3. _____ What about listening to ??? tapes? 4. _____ What about reading aloud √ to practice pronunciation? a. Yes, I have. I’ve learned a lot that way. b. Oh, yes. It improves my speaking skills.
Section A 2b.mp3
c. I do sometimes. I think it helps. d. No. It’s too hard to understand the voices.
5. _____ Have you ever studied √ with a group?
? 一般现在时定义:表示经常或习惯性发生的 Fill in the blanks: 动作或存在的状态. 1.They like playing basketball very much.(like) 2.The sun sends out light and heat.(send)
3.Hepracticesspeaking English everyday.(practice)
4.She really Doesn’t want to go fishing.(not want) 5. Does Lindy go to movies every week?(do) 6.Sometimes,we talk with each other in English. (talk)
How do you study for a test? I study by listening to tapes. How do you learn English? I learn by studying with a group. Do you learn English by reading aloud? Yes, I do.
Do you ever practice Oh,yes. It improves my conversations with friends? speaking skills. Have you ever studied with Yes, I have.I’ve learned a a group? lot that way.
１. 你是怎么为考试作准备的? How study for a test _____ do you ____ ____ ____ ____ ? 2.他是怎么学习英语的? does study How ____ he ______ English?
3.我骑车上学． by bike I go to school _____ ______. 4. 这些声音太难听懂. too to It’s ____ hard ___ understand the voices
５．你有没有通过听英文歌来学英语？ __ you learn English ___ ____ to English songs? ６．他通过制作词汇清单来学习西班牙语． He learns Spanish by ____ ______ ____. ７. 你曾经和小组成员一起学习吗？ ___ you ever ____ ___ a group?
８. 他是怎样练习打篮球的？ How ___ he practice ______ basketball?
3a Read the article and complete the chart. Ways of learning English Not successful OK Successful reading English magazines studying grammar joining the English club
studying grammar sometimes the people speak too quickly having conversations with friends
memorizing the words of pop songs
watching English movies
请根据课文内容判断下列句子的正(T)误(F): ( T )1. Many students thought the best way to learn English is to use it. ( F )2. Lilian Li thought the best way to learn new words was by memorizing them. ( T )3. Lilian Li never studied grammar. ( T )4. Wei Ming has learned English for seventy-two months. ( F )5. Wei Ming thought watching English movies and studying grammar are great ways to learn a language. ( T )6. Joining the English club at school was Liu Chang’s best way to improve her English. ( T )7. The students in the club could get lots of practice. ( F )8. Liu Chang thought having conversations with friends was helpful.
How do you learn best?
This week we asked students at New Star High School about the best ways to learn more English. Many said they learnt by using English. Some students had more specific suggestions. Lillian Li, for example, said the best way to learn new words was by reading English magazines. She said that memorizing the words of pop songs also helped a little. When we asked about studying grammar, she said, “I never study grammar. It’s too boring.” specific adj. 明确的;详细而精确的 memorize(memorizing) v. 记忆;背诵 grammar n.语法;语法规则
Wei Ming feels differently. He’s been learning English for six years and really loves it. He thinks studying grammar is a great way to learn a language. He also thinks that watching English movies isn’t a bad way because he can watch the actors say the words. Sometimes, however, he finds watching movies frustrating because the people speak too quickly. differently adv.不同地;有区别地 frustrate v.使失望;使沮丧;使厌烦
frustrating adj.令人沮丧的;令人失望的 quickly adv.快地;迅速地
Liu Chang said that joining the English club at school was the best way to improve her English. Students get lots of practice and they also have fun. She added that having conversations with friends was not helpful at all. “We get excited about something and then end up speaking in Chinese,” she said.
not at all 根本(不); 全然(不) add v.又说;继续说
get excited about end up结束;告终 对…感到兴奋
1. ask sb. about sth. 问某人某件事情 about 后面加名词或动名词。 e.g. Ask students about the best way of learning. 问学生们最好的学习方法。 ask sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事，请某人 做某事，to后面加动词原形。
e.g. He asked his mother to buy him a new bicycle. 他请求母亲给他买一辆新自行车。 2. Many said they learnt by using English. 许多学生说他们通过使用英语来学 习英语。
many 在这里是代词，而不是形容 词，意为many students. e.g. We can put away many of these plates. We don’t need this many. 我们可以把许多盘子收起来，用 不着这么多。 3. frustrating a. 令人灰心的，令人沮 丧的。 （修饰物，事件）
e.g. Watching movies to learn English is frustrating because the people speak too quickly. 通过看电影来学英语是让人灰心 的, 因为剧中人物说话太快了。 frustrated a.灰心的, 沮丧的(修饰人）
e.g. I felt frustrated at that time. 那时我觉得很沮丧。 类似的还有：
令人感兴趣的 boring disappointing 令人失望的 excited interesting interested disappointed 感兴趣的 失望的
无聊的 兴奋的 exciting 令人兴奋的 bored 感到无聊的
5. end up doing sth. 终止做某事, 结 束做某事, 后面加动名词短语, 相当于 finish doing sth., 表示结束做某事,事 情已完成。 e.g. When we practice speaking English, we often end up speaking in Chinese.
但要注意与stop doing sth. 的区 别: stop doing sth.指停止做某事，有可 能是暂时的，不久还会继续下去。 e.g. We had to stop singing because somebody knocked at the door. 另外，end up with… 以…而告终， 后面加名词或动名词。
e.g. The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌唱而告终。 6. 在本单元中，出现了大量的动名词。 我们有必要了解动名词的结构和用法。 动名词即动词的-ing形式，相当于名 词。在句子中可做主语, 宾语, 表语等。
1). I think that doing lots of
listening practice is one of the
secrets of learning. doing lots of listening practice 为动名词短语，做从句中的主语。 listening做定语, 修饰 practice.
2）I am enjoying learning English. 动名词短语做宾语。 3）Seeing is believing. 眼见为实。 （seeing做主语，believing做表语）
After reading 3a ,complete the conversation in pairs.
A: I’m glad to hear that you got an A in English this term. B: Thanks a lot. A: Did you have any difficulties in learning English last year? B: Yes. To begin with, 1________________.
B: Later on, I realized 2_________________. A: Can’t you speak in class? B: No. and I couldn’t always make complete sentences. A: How did you improve it? B: 3___________________. It helped a lot. A: How did you learn English grammar? B: 4__________________________.
We can learn English by … writing vocabulary lists reading English books/magazines/newspapers studying grammar memorizing the words of pop songs keeping an English notebook listening to tapes asking the teacher questions watching English-language TV/videos reading aloud to practice pronunciation practicing conversation with friends looking up words in a dictionary surfing the Internet keeping a diary in English joining the English club ……
1.Do you have any difficulties in learning English? 2.What’s your difficulties?
I can’t pronounce some of the words. pronounce (v). 发音; 正确/清晰地吐字/音
I can’t get the pronunciation right. What should I do? Well, listening can help. Why don`t you borrow the teacher`s tapes and listen to them ?
I can’t understand spoken English. spoken (adj.) 口语的；口说的；口头的 written (adj.) 笔头的；书面的 What should I do?
Why don`t you join an English language club to practice speaking English ?
make mistakes in grammar. /mis`teik/ n. 错误
I don’t know how to use commas. /`k?m?/ n. 逗号
What should I do? You should take lots of notes in class and ask your teacher for help and do lots of exercises.
What should I do?
I read very
You should do lots of reading practice.
words in magazines.
You should guess their meanings from the context or look them up in a dictionary.
the new words
You should write them in your notebook and study them whenever you are free.
much writing practice.
Maybe you should find a pen pal.
challenges /`??l?n? / n. 挑战 solutions /s?`lu:??n/ n.解决, 解答 the solution to sth = the answer to sth solve /s?lv/ v. 解决, 解答
1a Learning English can be difficult. What things are difficult for you? Read the list. Check (?) the statements that are true for you.
I can’t pronounce some of the words. I can’t understand spoken English.
I read very slowly. I can’t spell some English words. I make mistakes in grammar.
1b What other things are difficult for you? Make a list.
1. I don’t know how to use commas.
2a Paul is learning English. Listen and check (?)the learning challenges he talks about.
1. ? can’t get the pronunciation right 2. forget a lot of new words 3. ? can’t always understand when people talk to me
can’t understand the words in magazines
don’t get much writing practice
2b Listen again. Match the challenges in 2a with the solutions. Solutions
2 You can always write the new words in a.
your notebook and study them at home.
You should find a pen pal.
c. 1 Listening can help. d. 3 Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English?
3a Read the article. Then read the statements about the article. Write “T”(for true) or “F”(for false).
True or false
The writer found learning English difficult because…
1.The teacher’s pronunciation was poor. F 2. People always laughed at her when she spoke. F 3. She had trouble making complete sentences. T 4. English grammar was difficult. T 5. Going out with English speaking friends. F 6. Lots of listening practice. T 7. Using grammar in original sentences. T
表示顺序或承接的连词或词组: first of all 首先 to begin with 一开始 later on 后来，随后 also 也，而且（用于肯定句） either 也（用于否定句） so 因此 then 然后
How I learned to learn English Last year my English class was difficult for me. First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to the class. To begin with, she spoke too quickly, and I couldn’t understand every word. Later on, I realized that it doesn’t matter if you don’t understand every word. Also I was afraid to speak in class, because I thought my classmate might laugh at me.I couldn’t always make complete sentences, either. first of all 首先;第一 laugh at sb笑话;取笑(某人) later on 以后;随后 complete adj. 完整的;完全的 be afraid to do sth害怕去做… sentence n. 句子 be afraid of sth/doing sth make a sentence 造句 be afraid+that引导的从句
Then I started to watch English language TV. It helped a lot. I think that doing lots of listening practice is one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. Another thing that I found very difficult was English Grammar. So I decided to take lots of grammar notes in every class. Then I started to write my own original sentences using the grammar I was learning. It’s amazing how much this helped. Now I am enjoying learning English and I got an A this term. My teacher is very impressed. secret n.秘密;机密 take notes 做笔记;做记录 learner n.学习者 enjoy doing 喜欢做…乐于 term n.学期
做… impress v. 使感动…;给…深刻印象 impress sth on sb /impress sb with sth 使某人铭记某事
(3b, 3c: P6)
Dear Li Lei, I know it isn’t easy to learn English well, but I have some ideas that may help. You said you couldn’t understand people who talked fast. Well, you can try to listen for the most important words, not every word. You can also do lots of
listening practice. I think it’s one of the secrets of becoming a good language learner. Another thing that I think important is English grammar. In order to learn it well, you have to take a lot of grammar notes in every class. You can write English sentences using the grammar you
are learning. You can also read more English books. Reading is as important as listening for us to learn English well. If you do so, I believe that you can learn English very well later on. Yours, Meimei
1 Fill in each blank with the correct word given.Change the form of the word if necessary. feel spell write down join
1. You should write down new English words in a vocabulary list.
2. If you don’t know how to them up in a dictionary. spell new words, look
3. The best way to improve your English is to join an English club. 4. Another thing that he English grammar. found very difficult was
5. This kind of paper
2 Xu Zheng won the English prize at his school. Later, a reporter of the school magazine interviewed him. Here are the reporter’s notes on Xu Zheng and his essay on why English is important. Use them to write an article about Xu Zheng. Note on Xu Zheng Likes: writing notes/watching movies/listening to pop songs Finds difficult: pronunciation/native speakers talking too fast Learns by: making up conversations/speaking to friends in English
Thinks: most people speak English as a second language/English is used around the world for computers. /English is often used in science. /English can help us understand many new books and movies.
A sample version:
Xu Zheng is a good student. He
likes watching English movies and
listening to pop songs. He finds pronunciation difficult. Sometimes he learns English by speaking to friends in English. He wrote an essay on why
English is important. In his
essay he told us that most people speak English as a second language and some other things about English. He said that English could help us understand many new books and
How do we deal with our problems?
what’s his name? When was he born?
Where is he from? What’s the matter with him?
It’s not a problem – it’s a challenge. Enjoy facing it.
Who is this? It is Stephen Hawking – a great scientist.
What’s wrong with him?
He can’t walk or even speak.
Oh! It is a big problem to him.
Answer these questions: 1.Does everyone have their problems? Yes, they do. 2.How do we deal with our problems? By learning to forget, by regarding problems as challenges, by thinking of something worse.
3.How does Stephen Hawking deal with his problems?
He regards his many physical problems as unimportant.
List the ways of dealing with problems mentioned in it. 1. By learning to forget:
My friend and I often quarreled about some maths problems, and sometimes both of us decided not to talk to each other any more. But we will be friend again after a day
or two. Both of us agree that we should learn to forget the unhappy moment. 2. By regarding problems as challenges: When I was in the primary school, my maths was very poor. Whenever I met a difficult problem, I would ask my mother or my
a middle school student, I decide to change my way of studying maths. I will try all my best to learn it well by changing problems into challenges. 3. By thinking of something worse: You know, I’m a little fat and not very tall. Once in a PE class, we were
asked to do high jump. I was very afraid to do that. After several times’ efforts, I felt disappointed. But later, I found some others couldn’t finish the task, either. It encouraged me a lot and I finished my task eventually.