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英语(二)-阶段测评2(2012年版)


英语(二)-阶段测评 2(2012 年版)

1.阅读判断
1.150.0 下面的短文后列出了 10 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断:如果该句提供的 是正确信息, 选择 A; 如果该句提供的是错误信息, 选择 B; 如果该句的信息文中没有提及, 选择 C,并在答题卡相应位置上将答案选项涂黑。 Job or Money? Would

you quit your job if you didn’t need the money?In a 1990 poll by the Gallop Organization,many people said quitting work was an important reason to be rich.Yet researchers find that work is one of life’s chief satisfactions for people. Consider W.Berry Fowler.In 1979,Fowler started a tutoring company that became so successful he was able to sell out and retire in 1988 一 a multimillionaire at 40. He bought a 50-foot cabin cruiser(可住宿的游艇)and a house in Hawaii,and busied himself vacationing. But after five years of perpetual vacation, Fowler began to miss the challenges of work.So in 1992,he bought a fitness chain for children and now spends 75 hours a week immersed in balance sheets and staff meetings.“My best days on the golf course weren’t half as much fun as a good day at the office.”he says. A job,studies show,is more than a paycheck(薪水支票).Doing something well can increase confidence and self-worth.When sociologist H.Ray Kaplan surveyed 139 lottery(彩票)millionaires,he discovered 60 percent continued working at least a year after they’d won. If jobs are so important,wouldn’t salary size be a gauge(标准尺)of job satisfaction?Americans think so.A survey conducted last year by Roper Starch WorldwideInc.,found that almost 70 percent of the respondents said they would be happier if their families had twice as much household income.Yet studies show that job satisfaction comes less from how much people earn than from the challenge of their jobs and the control they are able to exert.Work that doesn’t engage a person will never seem rewarding,no matter how lucrative(有利可图的)it becomes. 1.1.15.0 A 1990 Gallop shows that many people quit work in order to be rich. 您没有作答
?

a True

?

b

False
?

c Not Given 根据 1990 和 Gallop 可以很容易定位在第一段的第二句话 In a 1990 poll by the Gallop Organization,many people said quitting work was an important reason to be rich. 该句意为“Gallop 组织在 1990 年进行的民意测评表明,很多人说辞掉工作是变得富有的一 个重要原因”,与题干所表明的含义“很多人辞掉工作的目的是为了致富”是一致的。 1.1.25.0 Researchers find that work is the only source from which people can derive satisfaction. 您没有作答

?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given 根据 researchers 可以定位在第一段的最后一句话 Yet researchers find that work is one of life’s chief satisfactions for people.本句中讲到“研究人员发现工作是人们得到 满足感的主要原因之一”,意即还有其他因素令人们有满足感,故该说法错误。另外需要注 意的是:本句中含有过于绝对的词 only,可以判断错误的可能性较大。 1.1.35.0 Fowler was a tutor in 1979. 您没有作答

?

a True

?

b

False
?

c Not Given 根据 1979 可以很容易定位在第二段,根据第二段的第二句话 In 1979,Fowler started a tutoring company?可知“1979 年 Fowler 开办了一家家教公司”,但他是否做过家庭教师 文章并未提到,由此可知该句应该判断为“未提及”。 1.1.45.0 After his retirement in 1988, Fowler spent a lot of time travelling. 您没有作答

?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given 根据 1988 可以定位在第二段, 根据第二段的二、 三句话 In 1979,Fowler started a tutoring company that became so successful he was able to sell out and retire in 1988 一 a multimillionaire at 40. He bought a 50-foot cabin cruiser(可住宿的游艇)and a house in Hawaii,and busied himself vacationing.可知“1988 年 Fowler 退休后在夏威夷买了 游艇和别墅,整日忙于旅行度假”,故该说法正确。 1.1.55.0 After his retirement at the age of 40, Fowler didn’t return to work any more. 您没有作答

?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given 根据同一顺序的原则定位在第三段。根据第三段的内容可知 Fowler 在退休后 5 年又开始了 工作,其中 spend 75 hours a week, immersed in balance sheets(资产负债表)和 staff meetings(员工会议)都表明了 Fowler 又回到了工作岗位,故该说法错误。 1.1.65.0 As far as Fowler was concerned, playing golf wasn’t as funny as working in the office. 您没有作答

?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given 根据第三段的最后一句话“My best days on the golf course weren’t half as much fun as a good day at the office.”he says.可知该说法正确。 1.1.75.0 Work is important in that it can boost one’s self-confidence and self-worth. 您没有作答

?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given

根据同一顺序的原则定位在第四段,根据第四段的第二句话 Doing something well can increase confidence and self-worth.可知该说法正确。 1.1.85.0 Sociologist H.Ray Kaplan found that 60 percent of 139 lottery winners continued to work many years after they had won. 您没有作答
?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given 根据 H.Ray Kaplan 以及数词 139, 60 可以很容易定位在第四段的第三句话 When sociologist H.Ray Kaplan surveyed 139 lottery(彩票)millionaires,he discovered 60 percent continued working at least a year after they’d won.由此可知“社会学家 H.Ray Kaplan 发现他说调查的 139 个中了大奖的彩民中有 60%的人在中彩票后至少又继续工作了一年” 但 不能推出“这些人又继续工作了很多年”,故该说法应判断为“未提及”。 1.1.95.0 Americans don’t attach any importance to how much money they can earn at all when they work. 您没有作答

?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given

根据同一顺序的原则定位在第五段,根据第五段的第一、二句话 If jobs are so important,wouldn’t salary size be a gauge(标准尺)of job satisfaction?Americans think so.可知“美国人对于工作满意度的一个衡量标准是薪水的多少”,故该说法错误。 另外需要注意的是:本句中含有过于绝对的词 not?any?at all,可以判断错误的可能性 较大。 1.1.105.0 A job that a person doesn’t show any interest in is not worthwhile regardless of its salary size 您没有作答
?

a True

?

b False

?

c Not Given 根据第五段的最后一句话 Work that doesn’t engage a person will never seem rewarding,no matter how lucrativeit becomes.可知该说法正确。需要注意的是该句中的 engage 意为“引起某人的兴趣”,题干中换成了 show interest in;rewarding 意为“值 得的,有意义的”,题干中换成了 worthwhile;no matter how lucrative it becomes 换 成了题干中的 regardless of its salary size。原文最后一句话的意思是“不管一份工作 薪水有多高,如果这个人对这份工作没有任何兴趣那这份工作也是毫无意义的”,和题干表 达的意思完全相符。

2.阅读选择
2.125.0 阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的 4 个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出 1 个最佳选项,并在答 题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。 There is a measurable relation between how much a person learns and his attitude toward the subject to be learned. When faced with a difficult learning task, one path to success is to concentrate on the positive aspects of the subject matter. If a student has a boring teacher, one solution is to look for the positive aspects of completing the course, regardless of how boring the teacher happens to be. To

accomplish this might require a private tutor or some independent reading, but with the right attitude, success is possible. Over-achievers—students who do better than their test scores show—usually have a positive interest toward learning. They may learn some things more slowly, and they may make more efforts, but, to compensate (补偿), they are often better at applying what they have learned. As long as they do not have emotional problems, they are successful. Under-achievers—those whofunction below their ability shown by test scores—often tend to allow a few negative factors to affect them. Because of their negative attitudes, they sometimes become unfairly critical of teachers. They allow themselves to get bored when it is not necessary. In short, their attitudes often cause them to learn less than over-achievers. If you learn to replace a negative attitude toward learning with something more positive, you are on the road to achieving almost any goal you desire. For example, if you realize a personal computer with a word processor would improve your performance, but have an attitude that keeps telling you that a computer is difficult to operate, you tend to make all kinds of excuses. In short, you resist making full use of a terrific tool, simply because your negative attitude prevents you from learning. 2.1.15.0 What does the author think a student should do if he has a boring teacher? 您没有作答
?

a Look for a new course.

?

b Be critical of the teacher.

?

c Complete the course with a good score.

?

d Have a right attitude toward thecourse.

细节判断题。第一段第三句为对应信息,只不过题目把文中的条件关系转述为因果关系,正 确理解 one solution is to look for the positive aspects of completing the course (一个解决方案就是寻找完成该课程的积极方面) 对选择正确答案有至关重要的关系, 该句 指出,即使老师比较无聊,也要以积极的态度学习这门课程,故 D 为正确答案。 2.1.25.0 The writer thinks that over-achievers and under-achievers mainly differ in __________. 您没有作答
?

a their test scores

?

b their judgment of others

?

c their attitudes toward learning

?

d their skills in using computers 推理判断题。 文章第二段和第三段分别分析了超级成功者的特征做法和低能力者的特征和做 法,并指出二者区别在于对待学习的态度不同: over-achievers?has apositiveinterest towardlearning,而 under-achievers?often tend toallowa few negativefactorsto affect them,becauseoftheirnegativeattitudes?,故 C 正确。 2.1.35.0 The underlined phrase“function below their ability shown by test scores”means the under-achievers__________. 您没有作答

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a often get low scores in tests

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b do worse in actual learning than in tests

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c usually do better in tests than the over-achievers

?

d are always slow in learning and have to make more efforts 单词释义题。选择正确答案要求正确理解该句,该句中的动词 function 的理解很重要,其 意为:“正常工作,起作用”。所以该句的意思为:(他们)学习起来要比测试成绩表现的 能力差。故 B 正确。 2.1.45.0 The example of the personal computer shows that __________. 您没有作答

?

a finding excuses helps in learning

?

b to react negatively can be harmful

?

c hard-working is the key to success

?

d making use of the computer is important 推理判断题。 根据题干中的关键词 computer 定位在第四段。 计算机的事只是个反面的例子, 以证明它之前的中心句即第四段的第一句话: 要想成功必须有积极的学习态度, 消极的态度 和反应是成功的绊脚石。故 B 正确。 2.1.55.0 What is the main idea of the passage? 您没有作答

?

a Attitudes play an important role in learning.

?

b Students should learn how to use personal computers.

?

c Teachers are not so important in the learning process.

?

d There are many differences between over-and under-achievers. 主旨大意题。文章第一段第一句提出全文主题:学习成果和学习态度息息相关,接着比较持 有不同学习态度的学习者,进而得出结论:积极态度有助于成功,消极态度有碍于成功。故 A 态度在学习中有重要作用正确。 2.225.0 阅读下面短文,请从短文后所给各题的 4 个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出 1 个最佳选项,并在答 题卡相应位置上将该项涂黑。 Most cell phones hate water. Get a few drops under the case, and that horrible little wetness indicator next to the battery goes red. Next thing you know, your phone doesn’ t work, and your carrier won’t replace it. So bringing your phone to the beach can be a bad idea. The good news is that there are three types of cell phones built specifically for active fun. The Casio Exilim C721 on Verizon Wireless is the ultimate summer phone. That is because it also doubles as a waterproof, 5-megapixel camera—so you can leave your old digital camera at home, too. The Exilim is covered by a protective coating so you can shoot underwater. It’s also proven as being against shock. If you spend a lot of time at the beach, this phone will be your best friend. Outdoors sportsmen should consider the unlocked Sonim XP3.20 Quest, which is the world’s toughest phone--a claim I have tested. It can be tossed around violently, frozen, put into water, hit with a chisel, and used to hammer nails. Even if it does break, it comes with a no-questions-asked replacement promise. The Nextel i580 is the way to go if you’re worried about durability. Bear in mind: It isn’t waterproof, it’s water-resistant--it’ll survive a quick dunk or splash, but you can’t submerge it. In my tests, it survived freezing, washing, dropping from a second-story window, and getting run over by a sports car. The i580 also has great call quality and a built-in MP3 player. 2.2.15.0 According to the author, why is bringing your phone to the beach a bad idea? 您没有作答

?

a Because your carrier does not permit the use of cell phones at the beach.

?

b Because cell phones would not work if there is water inside.

?

c Because the wetness indicator would go red at the beach.

?

d Because few people bring their cell phones to the beach. 细节判断题。首段提到手机怕水,哪怕手机壳沾了点水,手机就会坏掉。因此绝对不该带到 海边,那里到处都是水。选 B。 2.2.25.0 What makes the Casio Exilim C721 the ultimate summer phone? 您没有作答

?

a Its stylish design.

?

b Its protective coating.

?

c Its resistance to shock.

?

d Its waterproof, 5-megapixel camera. 细节判断题。对应题干的 ultimate summer phone,很容易定位于第二段,然后我们可以看 到 That is because it also doubles as a waterproof, 5-megapixel camera。本句对应 答案 D。 2.2.35.0

What would happen if you want to replace your broken Sonim XP 3.10? 您没有作答
?

a It would be replaced without question.

?

b It would be replaced by a locked XP 3.10.

?

c You would be questioned about how you broke it.

?

d You have to pay a minimum amount of fees for repairing it. 细节判断题。本题问如果你的 Sonim XP 3.10 损毁需要更换的话,你需要做什么。可以快速 定语在第三段最后一句 Even if it does break, it comes with a no-questions-asked replacement promise.本句与 A 相符。 2.2.45.0 What qualities does the Nextel i580 have? 您没有作答

?

a It can be submerged, frozen and washed.

?

b It can be submerged, washed, and run over by a sports car.

?

c It can be frozen, washed, and dropped from a second-story window.

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d It can be broken, frozen and dropped from a second-story window.

细节判断题。文章最后一句是介绍作者对该款手机所做过的测试,内容与选项 C 相符。其它 选项都不准确。 2.2.55.0 The main purpose of the passage is to __________. 您没有作答
?

a explain how cell phones work

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b introduce three types of cell phones

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c discuss the fun of using mobile phones

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d describe the harm of water to cell phones 主旨题。本题难度不大,文章首段就指出要介绍 3 种手机,因此选 B。


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