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南京市金陵中学2013-2014学年度第一学期期中考试高一英语试卷


金陵中学 2013-2014 学年度第一学期期中考试

高一英语试卷
命题人:刘忠 审核:王光明

第一部分:单项选择(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 1. In the activity, a few hours of “disability” gave us only a taste of the _____

__ both physically and mentally the disabled people should overcome. A. weakness B. challenges C. anxieties D. illness

2. It’s an either-or situation ________ we can buy a new car this year or we can go on holiday but we can’t do _________. A. that; others B. which; either C. in which; another D. where; both

3. I was glad to meet Jerry again, ________ I couldn’t wait to spend all day with her. A. but B. and C. so D. or

4. I can’t thank him too much, ____________ I couldn’t have finished the project in time. A. without his help C. without whose help B. with his help D. with whose help

5. Every year, typhoons and losses ______ lead to are frightening though measures have been taken. A. which B. that C . they D. ones

6. 9. ---Do you get together with your old friends? ---Yes, from time to time, but not ___ ___. A. normally B. certainly C. regularly D. necessarily

7. ----- Do you think the Stars will beat the Bulls ? ----- Yes. They have better players, so I ______ them to win. A. hope B. prefer C. expect D. want

8. I refuse to accept the blame for something _____ was someone else’s fault. A. who A. allow B. that B. agree C. as C. prove D. what D. approve

9. His mother doesn’t ________ of her going to study in the United States alone.

10. We have ________ in your bill the cost of the teapot you broke just now. A. increased B. included C. contained D. charged

11 He has ______ lung cancer for several years and is never _______ pain.
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A. recovered from; away from C. recovered; free from

B. suffered; away from D. suffered from; free from

12. The lazy boy tried to get through the exam without hard work in the way ______ his friend suggested. A. in that B. in which C. which D. where

13. There are two thousand students in this college, ______ are from the countryside. A. one-third of them C. one-third of whom B. one-third of which D. one-third in which

14.To some degree, uncontrolled information from the Internet that many people turn ______ false. A. to turn out B. to turns out C. turn out D. turns out to a

15. Laughter, along with an active sense of humor, ______ protect you against a heart attack, according recent study. A. have helped B. helped C. help D. helps

第二部分:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 We often talk about ourselves as if we have permanent genetic defects(缺陷) that can never be changed. “I’m impatient.” “I’m always behind.” “I always put things used them to describe 17 . 18 for years—often from 19 16 !” You’ve surely heard them. Maybe you’ve

These comments may come from stories about us that have been childhood. These stories may have no 20

in fact. But they can set low expectations for us. As a child, my

mother said to me, “Marshall, you have no mechanical (操作机械的) skills, and you will never have any mechanical skills for the rest of your life. ” How did these expectations 22 to work on cars or be around 21 my development? I was never

23 . When I was 18, I took the US Army’s Mechanical Aptitude Test.

My scores were in the bottom for the entire nation! Six years later, 24 , I was at California University, working on my doctor’s degree. One of my

professors, Dr. Bob Tannbaum, asked me to write down things I did well and things I couldn’t do. For my strong points, I 25 down, “research, writing, analysis, and speaking. ” For the 26 , I wrote, “I have no

mechanical skills. ” Bob asked me how I knew I had no mechanical skills. I explained my life my 28 performance on the Army test. Bob then asked, “ 29 27 and told him about 30

is it that you can solve

mathematical problems, but you can’t solve easy mechanical problems?” Suddenly I realized that I didn’t 31 from some sort of genetic defect. I was just living out
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expectations that I had chosen to 33

32 . At that point, it wasn’t just my family and friends who had been

my belief that I was mechanically hopeless. And it wasn’t just the Army test, either. I was the one who

kept telling myself, “You can’t do this!” I realized that as long as I kept saying that, it was going to remain true. 34 , if we don’t treat ourselves as if we have genetic defects that we can never get over, we can do well in 35 we choose. B. off B. myself B. spoken B. as far back as B. wisdom B. improve B. demanded B. tools B. somehow B. turned B. other B. trips B. poor B. What B. advanced B. separate B. doubt B. strengthening B. At the same time B. something C. up C. yourself C. spread C. as well as C. cause C. affect C. hoped C. facilities C. instead C. took C. weak C. roads C. excellent C. How C. common C. suffer C. adopt C. questioning C. In addition C. nothing D. down D. others D. repeated D. as much as D. meaning D. change D. agreed D. hammers D. however D. got D. latter D. paths D. average D. Why D. normal D. come D. receive D. accepting D. Instead D. none

almost 16. A. away 17. A. them 18. A. said

19. A. as long as 20. A. evidence 21. A. lead 22. A. encouraged 23. A. means 24. A. therefore 25. A. settled 26. A. short 27. A. experiences 28. A. unexpected 29. A. When 30. A. challenging 31. A. handle 32. A. believe 33. A. weakening 34. A. As a result 35. A. everything

第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Is your family interested in buying a dog? A dog can be a pleasant companion(伙伴) to your family, but if you choose the wrong kind of dog,you will have a lot of troubles.
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Families should sit down and thoroughly discuss the possible problems before buying a dog. Even if the children in your family are the ones who want the dog, the parents are the ones who are really responsible for seeing that the animal is properly cared for. If you don’t know much about dogs, it is a good idea to go to the library for books about different kinds of dogs, as well as books about how to train a young dog. In reading about the different breeds(种类)you should know that a dog described(描述)as very alert(机敏灵活的)may be too active. When a book describes a dog as an excellent hunting dog, it probably means that the dog won’t be happy living in a small house. Dog breeds vary(变化)in popularity as the years go by. One of the most popular dogs these days is the German shepherd(牧羊犬). This is because it provides protection as well as companionship(陪伴). The family should be warned that these dogs grow up to be very big, and may be too powerful for children to control. If space is limited, a toy dog may be a good choice. These dogs are very small and easy to train. They don’t need to be walked daily, since they can exercise in the home. 36. According to the passage, one can get information about different kinds of dogs A. by going to the library B. by asking someone who has enough experience about different kinds of dogs C. by buying a dog and training it D. by reading books about dogs 37. The German shepherd is a popular dog A. because it is easy to train B. because it is big and strong C. because it is powerful and friendly D. because it is alert and active 38. Which is the best topic of the passage? A. The care and proper selection of dogs for families. B. Different breeds of dogs. C. Responsibility for seeing that dogs are properly cared for. D. Different kinds of books about dogs. B Pacing and Pausing Sara tried to befriend her old friend Steve's new wife, but Betty never seemed to have anything to say. While Sara felt Betty didn't hold up her end of the conversation, Betty complained to Steve that Sara never gave her a chance to talk. The problem had to do with expectations about pacing and pausing.
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.

.

Conversation is a turn-taking game. When our habits are similar, there's no problem. But if our habits are different, you may start to talk before I'm finished or fail to take your turn when I'm finished. That's what was happening with Betty and Sara. It may not be coincidental that Betty, who expected relatively longer pauses between turns, is British, and Sara, who expected relatively shorter pauses, is American. Betty often felt interrupted by Sara. But Betty herself became an interrupter and found herself doing most of the talking when she met a visitor from Finland. And Sara had a hard time cutting in on some speakers from Latin America or Israel. The general phenomenon, then, is that the small conversation techniques, like pacing and pausing, lead people to draw conclusions not about conversational style but about personality and abilities. These habitual differences are often the basis for dangerous stereotyping (思维定式). And these social phenomena can have very personal consequences. For example, a woman from the southwestern part of the US went to live in an eastern city to take up a job in personnel. When the Personnel Department got together for meetings, she kept searching for the right time to break in --- and never found it. Although back home she was considered outgoing and confident, in Washington she was viewed as shy and retiring. When she was evaluated at the end of the year, she was told to take a training course because of her inability to speak up. That's why slight differences in conversational style --- tiny little things like microseconds of pause --- can have a great effect on one's life. The result in this case was a judgment of psychological problems --- even in the mind of the woman herself, who really wondered what was wrong with her and registered for assertiveness training. 39. What did Sara think of Betty when talking with her? A. Betty was talkative. C. Betty did not take her turn. B. Betty was an interrupter. D. Betty paid no attention to Sara.

40. According to the passage, who are likely to expect the shortest pauses between turns? A. Americans. B. Israelis. C. The British. D. The Finns.

41. We can learn from the passage that ______. A. communication breakdown results from short pauses and fast pacing B. women are unfavorably stereotyped in eastern cities of the US C. one's inability to speak up is culturally determined sometimes D. one should receive training to build up one's confidence

C Israel has passed a law banning the use of underweight models in advertising. Known as the “Photoshop
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Law”, it also requires that agencies tell their audience if they’ve digitally changed pictures to make models look thinner. The new law forbids the use of models with a body mass index of 18.5 or less, a standard based on internationally accepted measures. The figure matches the set of fixed limits by the U. S. Department of Health. The law doesn’t set a money amount that can be gained in court from such a suit. Lawmakers realize that it may be a long and difficult process to prove in court that a company broke the new law, but they feel that simply having the law in place will accomplish what they want; stopping advertising companies from continuing to influence Israelis with images of unhealthy-looking models as the gold standard of beauty. Some modeling agencies in Israel aren’t happy. They say that the indexes on which the law is based are arbitrary (任意的)and are not suitable for every model. Many models who are totally healthy girls might be disqualified because of the law. Some models are naturally thin and unable to gain weight and the new law would unfairly prevent them from finding jobs. However, plus-size American supermodel Emme told CNN that she thinks the law will cause other countries to make similar measures against showing underweight models. “I think this is fantastic because so many young women and men are suffering to look in a way that is unrealistic and unhealthy,” she said. 42.What is “Photoshop Law” about? A. Banning the use of underweight models. B. Banning underweight models in advertising. C. Banning changing pictures digitally. D. Banning models in advertising. 43. The underlined word “suit” in Paragraph 3 means A . a set of clothing B. a group of rooms C. an action in court D. a performance in advertising 44. What can we know from the passage? A. All models are happy about the law. B. All advertising agencies are happy about the law. C. The law makes no sense. D. There are arguments over the beauty standard of models. .

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D When an ant dies, other ants take it out of the nest, often within an hour after its death. This behavior interests scientists and they wonder how ants know for sure—and so soon—that another ant is dead. One scientist recently came up with a way to explain this ant behavior. Dong-Hwan Choe is a biologist, a scientist who studies animals and plants. He found that ants have a chemical on the outside of their bodies that signals to other ants, “I'm dead—take me away” when it is dead. But there's a question to answer: As we know, if an ant is dead, it stops moving. But when an ant is sleeping or knocked unconscious, it is also not moving. However, other ants don't move the living ant out of the nest. How do they know this ant is not dead? Choe found that ants have another chemical on their bodies, which tells nearby ants something like, “Wait—I'm not dead yet” when it is not dead. Choe suspects that when an ant dies, the chemical that says, “Wait— I'm not dead yet” quickly goes away. When other ants detect the “dead” chemical without the “not dead yet” chemical, they move away the body. To test his theory, Choe and his team put different chemicals on ants. When the scientists used the “I'm dead” chemical, other ants quickly moved the treated ant away. When the scientists used the “Wait—I'm not dead yet” chemical, other ants left the treated ant alone. Choe believes this behavior shows that the “not dead yet” chemical overrides the “dead” chemical when picked up by other ants. And that when an ant dies, the “not dead yet” chemical dies away. Other nearby ants then notice the remaining “dead” chemical and remove the body from the nest. Understanding this behavior can help scientists figure out how to stop ants from invading new places and causing problems. 45. What is the function of the first paragraph? A. Leading the following paragraphs. C. Introducing the background of the passage. B. Showing the main idea of the passage. D. Giving a summary of the passage.

46. Which of the following has the closest meaning to the underlined word “overrides” in the fourth paragraph? A. is weaker than B. is stronger than C. is better than D. is worse than

47. What can we learn from the passage? A. Living ants can also be taken away when they are not moving. B. When an ant dies, it can tell others using a certain chemical. C. A living ant can pretend to be dead using a special chemical. D. Ants often use chemicals to communicate with each other.

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E Each time I see a balloon, my mind flies back to a memory of when I was a six-year-old girl. It was a rainy Sunday and my father had recently died. I asked my mom if Dad had gone to heaven. "Yes, honey. Of course." she said. "Can we write him a letter?" She paused, the longest pause of my short life, and answered, "Yes." My heart jumped. "How? Does the mailman go there?" I asked. "No, but I have an idea." Mom drove to a party store and returned with a red balloon. I asked her what it was for. "Just wait, honey. You'll see." Mom told me to write my letter. Eagerly, I got my favorite pen, and poured out my six-year-old heart in the form of blue ink. I wrote about my day, what I learned at school, how Mom was doing, and even about what happened in a story I had read. For a few minutes it was as if Dad were still alive. I gave the letter to Mom. She read it over, and a smile crossed her face. She made a hole in the corner of the letter where she looped the balloon string. We went outside and she gave me the balloon. It was still raining. "Okay, on the count of three, let go. One, two, three." The balloon, carrying my letter, darted upward against the rain. We watched until it was swallowed by the mass of clouds. Later I realized, like the balloon, that Dad had never let his sickness get him down. He was strong. No matter what he suffered, he'd persevere, dart up, and finally transcend this cold world and his sick body. He rose into sky and became something beautiful. I watched until the balloon disappeared into the gray and white and I prayed that his strength was hereditary. I prayed to be a balloon. 48.When the girl asked her mother if they could write to her father, her mother _________. A.felt it hard to answer C.believed it easy to do so B.thought her a creative girl D.found it easy to lie

49.When the girl was told that she could send a letter to her father, she _________. A.jumped with joy C.started writing immediately 50.In the eyes of the author, what was the rain like? A.An incurable disease. C.The hard time her father had. B.An unforgettable memory. D.The failures her father experienced.
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B.became excited D. was worried that it couldn't be delivered

第四部分:词汇(共 15 分) 一、新概念英语填空(每题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 1 Many villagers believe that the tree has already __________ a number of victims. 2 As the neighbors ________ ______ the noise, my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on he latch to let himself in. 3 After I had given her some money, she _______ ________ a crystal ball and said: “ A relation of yours is coming to see you….” 4 NASA is now going to ________ the telescope ______, so it will soon be sending up four astronauts to repair it. 5 _______ _______ ________ you read this, the Hubble’s eagle eye will have sent us thousands and thousands of wonderful pictures. 6 Winter was coming on and the hills threatened the surrounding villagers with ________. 7 The seed was sprayed over the ground _____ _________ __________ by aeroplanes. 8 By then, however, in many places the grass had already _______ _________. 9 In 1860, a better plan was ______ _________ by an Englishman, William Low. 10 It was officially opened on March 7, 1994,finally _________ Britain to European continent. 二、用括号内所给动词的正确形式填空(每题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 1. I can hardly wait for my daughter ___________ (return) from abroad. 2. Everyone is ________ (starve) for a peaceful and happy life. 3. Though they tried their best, the project was far from _____________ (satisfy). 4. To go to the talks, we are allowed to choose _________ (not have) Art, Class Meeting, PE or Self-study. 5. He’s the only one of his family who _________ (pass) the driving test so far, isn’t he? 6. Those who’d like to attend the lecture, __________ (sign) up here. 7. A big surprise to see you! I ________ (think) you were not supposed to come back until tomorrow. 8. Forty-two years later, a tunnel was actually begun.If, at the time, the British had not feared invasion, it______________(complete). 9. Firemen___________(fight) the forest fire for nearly three weeks before they could get it under control. 10.This would solve the problem of ventilation, for if a train ________(enter) this tunnel, it would draw in fresh air behind it. 三、完成句子(每题 0.5 分,满分 5 分) 1. After recovering from his illness, he’s always _________ to (努力) catch up with his classmates.

2. I am writing to ask for some _________(指导) about my 15-year-old son.
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3. Do you have anything to say to

_______ (辩护)your behavior?

4. He did it so well that he _________ _________(值得被表扬). 5. It’s _________ (要求)that students the teachers failed should have to take the classes again. 6. I’m at a loss what to ______ ________ (处理)the goods. 7 Our school club is a ___________(文学) club that was started by our English teacher Mr. Owen.. 8.Diets are useless __________(就长期而言),but many teenagers are still trying skipping meals to lose weight. 9.Along with the physical changes come many psychological changes. And boys and girls tend to different ___________(在这方面). 10.Since teenagers have difficulty ____________(平衡) these needs, they often question who they are and how they fit in society.

第五部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Teamwork is just as important in science as it is on the playing field or in the gym. Scientific investigations (调 查) are almost always carried out by teams of people working together. Ideas are shared, experiments are designed, data are analyzed, and results are evaluated and shared with other investigators. Group work is necessary, and is usually more productive than working alone. Several times throughout the year you may be asked to work with one or more of your classmates. Whatever the task your group is assigned, a few rules need to be followed to ensure a productive and successful experience. What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone’s ideas deserve consideration and each group member can make his or her own contribution. Secondly, it makes a job easier to divide the group task among all group members. Choose a role on the team that is best suited to your particular strengths. Thirdly, always work together, take turns, and encourage each other by listening, clarifying, and trusting one another. Mutual (相互的) support and trust often makes a great difference. Activities like investigations are most effective when done by small groups. Here are some more suggestions for effective team performance during these activities: Make sure each group member understands and agrees to the task given to him or her, and everyone knows exactly when , why and what to do; take turns doing various tasks during similar and repeated activities; be aware of where other group members are and what they are doing so as to ensure safety; be responsible for your own learning, though it is by no means unwise to compare your observations with those of other group members. When there is research to be done, divide the topic into several areas, and this can explore the issue in a very detailed way. You are encouraged to keep records of the sources used by each person, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems that may happen unexpectedly. A format for exchanging information (e.g., photocopies of notes , oral discussion, etc.) is also important, for a well-chosen method not only strengthens what you present but also makes yourself easily understood. When the time comes to make a decision and take a position on an issue, allow for the contributions of each member of the group. Most important of all, it is always wise to make decisions by compromise and agreement.
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After you’ve completed a task with your team, make an evaluation of the team’s effectiveness — the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and challenges. Title Theme Working Together Effective performance needs highly cooperated (1) __________. ● Keep an open mind to everyone’s (2)_________. General rules ● Divide the group task among group members. ● (3) __________ and trust each other. ● Understand and agree to the (5) __________ task of one’s own. ● Take turns doing various tasks. (4) _______ ● Show concern for others to ensure safety. ● Take (6) __________ for one’s own learning. ● Compare your own observations with those of others. ● Break the (7) ________ into several areas. ● (8) _________the sources just in case. Explore an issue ● (9) __________ your information with others via proper format. ● Make all decisions by compromise and agreement. (10)________ effectiveness ● Analyze the strengths and weaknesses. ● Find out the opportunities and challenges

第六部分:书面表达(共 1 小题;满分 10 分) 某英文报“阳光体育、健康人生”栏目正在讨论有关健康食品、体育锻炼与少年儿童肥胖的问题。下 面六幅图画是李明一年中的变化,请根据李明的情况写一篇短文,并谈谈你的看法。 注意: 1.词数:100 左右。 2.短文的开头已给出。 提示词语: junk food 好吃但不利于健康的食品 snacks 各种零食

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2012.7

2013.9

A healthy diet and regular exercise may help to prevent obesity(肥胖) ….

———————————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————————— ——

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参考答案 单项选择 1-5 BDBCC 6-10 CCBDB 11-15 DCCBD 完形填空 16-20 BCDBA 31-35 CABDA 阅读理解 36-41DCA CBC 42-44 BCD45-50 ABBABC 词汇 一、1 claimed 2 complained of 3 looked into 4 put right 5 By the time 6 destruction 7 in large quantities 8 taken root 9 put forward 10 connecting 二、 return 2 starving 3 satisfying/ satisfactory 4 not to have 1to 5 has passed 6 sign 7 thought 8 would have been completed 9 had been fighting 10 entered 三、1 struggling 2 guidance 3 defend 4 deserves praising 5 required 6 do with 7 literary 8 in the long term 9 in this regard 10 balancing 任务型阅读 1. teamwork 2. ideas/ opinions/ views/ thoughts Encourage / Back 4. Suggestions 5. given / assigned 6. responsibility 7. 3. Support / 21-25 CABDC 26-30 CABDA

topic/ subject/ issue
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8. Record 书面表达

9. Exchange /Share 10. Evaluate

One possible version: A healthy diet and regular exercise may help to prevent obesity(肥胖) among children. Take Li Ming for example. Li Ming used to be a healthy boy, but a year ago, he fell into the habit of eating a lot of junk food and snacks. Besides, he spent a lot of time lying on the sofa, watching TV, and did little exercise. As a result, he put on so much weight that he found it difficult to climb the stairs. What a terrible thing! Li Ming felt so sorry that he decided to change the unhealthy life style, which had done great damage to his health, though a bit difficult. He began to take up a balanced and healthy diet, containing fruit and vegetables. He also took part in various sports activities such as swimming, skating, running and playing basketball. Several months later, Li Ming became as fit as before. Luckily, Li Ming has broken away from his former way of life. His example shows that a healthy diet and regular exercise work to prevent obesity. Those who are facing the same problem, why not have a try?

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