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人教版新课标选修7第五单元精讲讲义(附练习答案)


选修 7 第 5 单元
Ⅰ. 要点导读
1. Xie Lei highly recommends the course. (P38) recommend v.“推荐” eg: Can you recommend me a good lawyer? “建议;劝告”eg: I recommend that you walk to work. recommend s

b to do sth“建议某人做某事” eg: The doctor recommended me to take a long rest. recommend for“推荐作某种用途 / 做某工作” eg: The pills are recommended for a cold. recommend sb/sth to“向??推荐某人/某物” eg: The teacher recommended some good books to the students. 2. Also, when I miss my family, it’s a great comfort to have a substitute family to come home to. (P38) comfort substitute n. [C]“使人得到安慰的事” (1) n.“代替品;代替者” eg: The son was a comfort to his old mother. eg: The manager was unable to attend but sent his deputy as a substitute. [U]“舒适;安逸” eg: He had saved enough money so that he could live in comfort. (2) v.“代替;取代” ,substitute sb / sth for sb / sth“用某人 / 某物代替另外的人 / 物” eg: We must substitute a new computer for the broken one. substitute for sb / sth“代替某人 / 某物” requirement eg: The secretary substituted for the manager at the meeting. 3. Xie Lei’s preparation course is helping her to get used to academic requirements of Western university. (P38) n.“要求;必要条件” ,meet / satisfy the requirements“符合 / 满足必备的条件” eg: The refugees’ main requirements are food and shelter. To our delight, our latest products meet all the requirements set by the company. require v.“需要;要求” ,后接名词、代词、动词-ing 形式(表示被动含义)或不定式被动形式及 that 从句,在 that 从句中 常用虚拟语气,即(should + )动词原形。 eg: I require two experienced workers to help me. Don’t you see the floor requires washing / to be washed? The situation requires that we (should) stay up tonight. 4. She deserves to succeed. (P39) succeed v.“获得成功” , succeed in (doing ) sth“(做)某事成功” eg: The astronauts succeeded in returning from the moon to the earth according to the plan. “接替;继任” ,succeed to“继承” eg: Do you know who will succeed him as president? He had no son to succeed to the throne. 5. I have been so occupied getting used to everything that I haven’t had time for social activities. (P39) occupy v.引申为“忙” ,本意为“占领;占有(职位);占用” eg: Enemy troops occupied the country. My sister occupied an important position in her company. Is anyone occupying the seat? be occupied with / in sth“忙于某事;正在做某事” occupy oneself in doing sth“忙着做某事” comment eg: I am fully occupied with my daily work. eg: He occupied himself with his garden after he’d retired.

6. Be prepared to share your comments with another group. (P40) (1) n.“评论” make comments on / upon sth“对某事做出评论” eg: He didn’t make any comments on my behavior. (2) v.“评论;发表意见” ,作不及物动词时,常和 on / upon 搭配。 eg: Our English teacher refused to comment on the examination results. Everyone commented on her new contribution to science. 7. Chinese student fitting in well (P38) fit in“相适应;相协调” eg: He tired to fit in with the others, but it was difficult. fit on“穿上;装上” fit up“安装;安放” fit with“符合;适合” eg: I can’t make the cover of the tin fit on. eg: Can we fit an extra cupboard up in the kitchen? eg: What he said doesn’t fit with the fact. 1

8. You have to get used to a whole new way of life, … (P38) get used to“对??适应;习惯于” ,还可用 be / become / grow used to 表达此意。to 后可接名词、代词或动词-ing 形式。 eg: After three weeks she got used to the extreme heat there. I’m not used to being treated like that. used to do sth“过去经常??(现在已不如此)” eg: Life here is much easier than it used to be. be used to do sth / for sth“被用来做某事” eg: The money is used to help the poor. 9. Besides, as far as he was concerned what other people thought was not the most important thing. (P38) as far as one is concerned“就某人而言” ,as far as …“就??而论;据??” eg: As far as I can see, you’ve done nothing wrong. They can go when they like, as far as I’m concerned. as long as“只要” eg: As long as you make your grandma happy I’m content. as well as“同(一样也),和,也” eg: The conflict spread everywhere, into little villages, as well as into the cities. 10. Xie Lei told me she feels much more at home in England now … (P39) feel at home“感到自在;无拘束” be (feel) at home“(在??方面或中间)熟悉;感到自如;(使用??)不费劲” eg: She always felt at home in her friend’s house. The boy didn’t feel quite at home in such a splendid house. He is becoming more and more at home with the language. make oneself at home“无拘束;随便;感到舒适” eg: If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home。 11. …you can do to help him / her settle in. (P45) settle in“(使)安顿下来;(帮??)适应新环境 / 新工作 eg: They are moving into their new flat tomorrow. Can you go and help them settle in? settle down“定居;(使)平静下来” eg: He was so angry that he couldn’t settle down. settle for“(无奈地)同意 / 接受”eg: He wants to make a quick sale, so he’ll settle for a low price. settle on / upon“就??达成协议;最后决定” 选词填空 translate, benefit, abroad, tutor, offer, content, get used to, lack, opportunity, take up Li Qiang, who is 21 years old, has just graduated form Shandong University. He is a top student and is Oxford University. It is a great It is the first time he has been 16 courses, which he thinks will be very to him. , so he felt nervous and was completely with the study at the beginning. He didn’t , John Smith, helped confidence in everything. His a grant to study in for him because he wants to get some international experience. In two years he will complete eg: Have they settled on a day for the picnic?

the new way of life there, and sometimes he was confused. He even in his subjects, which also

him analyze the problem and encouraged him to study hard. He accepted his tutor ’s recommendations. Soon he made greater progress himself. Finally he achieved success and won the doctor ’s degree. Now he is writing a book about into English. his experience in the UK. It is said that it will be

Ⅱ. 热点语法:非限制性定语从句
非限制性定语从句是对先行词的附加说明,它同主句的关系并不十分密切,如果没有它,不影响主句意义的完整性,在 形式上与主句之间用逗号隔开。我们从以下几个方面谈谈非限制性定语从句的用法。 一、引导非限制性定语从句的关系代词有 as,which,who,whom,whose 等,以及关系副词 when,where 等。关系代词和 关系副词在定语从句中一般不能省略。 eg: I met a boatman, who then took me across the river. The room, whose windows face east, is our dormitory. Sunday is a holiday, when people do not go to work. They will travel to Tibet, where they will stay for a week. 2

二、as,which 引导非限制性定语从句时,都可指代整个主句的内容。as 引导的非限制性定语从句,既可在主句前,又可在 主句后,有时还可插入主句中;而 which 引导的非限制性定语从句只能置于主句之后。 eg: As is known to all, smoking is harmful to one’s health. He studied hard at school when he was young, which led to his success in his later life. 三、非限制性定语从句通常不用 that 引导。 eg: I am fond of the novel, which you bought for me. 四、在非限制性定语从句中,指人的关系代词作宾语时,只能用 whom,不能用 who 替换,也不能省略。 eg: Lily, whom you met at the party, is my favorite friend. 五、非限制性定语从句不能用 why 引导,要用 for which 代替 why。 eg: I have told him the reason, for which I missed the early bus. 语法专练: 1. They have decided to finish their work, A. that A. then B. what B. there C. which C. while C. who D. whether they learn simple games and songs. D. where I think was her brother. D. / D. on which was beyond his wildest dream. can be very eye-opening and rewarding. , I think, is a wise choice.

2. Some pre-school children go to a day care center, 3. On my way home I met a man, A. whom B. that 4. That tree, A. whose A. which A. who A. that A. which A. it A. whom A. which A. where

branches are almost bare, is very old. B. of which B. that B. which B. which B. what B. what B. where B. when B. there C. in which C. where C. what C. who C. that C. which C. that C. whom C. which

5. His movie won several awards at the film festival, D. it D. that

6. By serving others, a person focuses on someone other than himself or herself, 7. Chan’s restaurant on Baker Street, 8. The Science Museum,

used to be poorly run, is now a successful business. D. where D. where was more than we could expect. D. that she bought a month ago. D. which I can be reached most evenings. D. where they plan to stay for two or three days. D. when

we visited during a recent trip to Britain, is one of London ’s tourist attractions.

9. The road conditions there turned out to be very good, 10. Yesterday she sold her car,

11. I’ll give you your friend’s home address, 12. They will fly to Washington,

Ⅲ. 综合训练
一、单项选择 1. If only he could A. take 2. A. As far as --it up, he would succeed at last. B. keep B. So far C. stick C. As far D. catch D. As far as that

He is concerned, things were going well.

3. ---My sister has been admitted as a volunteer for this meeting. . And we all feel proud of her, too. B. Congratulations to her C. It can ’t be true business matters. C. at D. with 3 D. No problem A. I can’t believe it A. in

4. Look, Jane is occupied B. on

5. We are happy that these apple trees are A. abundant A. set in 7. Chance often A. governs 8. China is generally A. concerned A. rely on B. responsible B. settled in B. arranges B. realized B. depend on 6. We moved to this district last week and we just

in fruits. D. around . D. set down D. commands D. commented living on his own. D. adjust to mine. D. fit in with D. informed D. preparation D. which was very reasonable. D. the price of whose has a great effect on my life. D. when; that

C. abundance C. settled down C. delivers

the outcome of the game. as the first country to grow, produce and drink tea. C. acknowledged C. bring up

9. After arriving in America, he found it rather hard to 10. ---I’d like to go to Beijing with you. ---If so, your holiday arrangement should A. catch up with A. announced A. recommendation 13. He loves his dog, A. when A. which price A. when; which 二、完形填空 I had my doubts. I thought that it was stares and confused frowns. Despite some Passages. They 19 classes and 25 hours a week with the most After a few weeks of 24 morning, teacher” had 26 16 17 21 B. come up with B. argued B. admission B. what 11. At the meeting, Mr Smith 12. Is going to college a good C. put up with C. recommended for your career? C. permission C. where C. its price is white and black.

that a new library be set up.

14. A month ago, I bought an ancient Chinese vase, B. the price of which B. that; which 15. I shall never forget the day

the Beijing Olympic Games opened, C. which; that

to teach Chinese kids because they are so quiet. I pictured a classroom of bland , I spent a summer teaching English in China. I 20 students I have ever taught. 23 25 to learn: I was an America. As an American, I could really the time I left, their customary (习惯的) greeting of “Good 27 them happy I was also 18 in a study program called me with accommodation, daily Mandarin (普通话)

me at Beijing’s Huijia Private School. The school 22 , I realized why my students were so

the language. I didn’t have an accent and I knew slangs (俚语).

“What’s up, kiddo?” They were happy talking like Americans, and by 28 for me, because there were not 29

teaching them a lot of English. All of them enjoyed playing games, which was a(n) Pictionary. Even more than playing games, Chinese kids love American pop use their they 34 16. A. easy 17. A. doubts 18. A. involved 19. A. absorbed 20. A. distributed 21. A. imaginative 22. A. teaching 23. A. eager 32 31 , from Disney movies to rap songs. As a teacher, you can to encourage class discussions. I used the video game Super Mario to teach my students action verbs: “What is Mario with my students and still keep in touch with them today. C. complicated C. delight C. participated C. interviewed C. donated C. creative C. speaking C. tired D. hard D. ambitions D. sang D. placed D. financed D. awesome D. learning D. frightened 4 to play games in their other 30 in classes. The trick is to play games that get them to practice English. One game I used is called Car Lot. Another game I

doing? He is jumping! Now he’s flying!” Contrary (相反的) to my 33 , Chinese students, like all kids, will take enthusiastically if the lesson. Soon I formed lasting 35 B. interesting B. confusion B. succeeded B. located B. provided B. enthusiastic B. playing B. unwilling

24. A. practice 25. A. After 26. A. grown 27. A. creating 28. A. encouragement 29. A. approved 30. A. relied on 31. A. technology 32. A. honesty 33. A. belief 34. A. attend 35. A habits 三、阅读理解

B. imitate B. During B. become B. allowing B. punishment B. allowed B. lived on B. concert B. beauty B. dream B. hate B. friendships

C. learn C. By C. improved C. setting C. disappointment C. forbidden C. kept on C. music C. curiosity C. emotion C. drop C. characters

D. speak D. Over D. transferred D. keeping D. embarrassment D. refused D. put on D. culture D. safety D. comment D. enjoy D. customs

People travel for a lot of reasons. Some tourists go to see battlefields or other historic remains. Others are looking for culture, or simply want to have their pictures taken in front of famous places. Most European tourists are looking for a sunny beach to lie on. Northern Europeans are willing to pay a lot of money for the sun because they have too little of it. People of cities like London, Copenhagen and Amsterdam spend much of their winter in the dark because the days are so short, and much of the rest of the year is in the rain. This is the reason why the Mediterranean has always attracted them. Every summer many people travel to Mediterranean resorts (度假胜地) and beaches for their vacation. They all come for the same reason: sun! The huge crowds mean lots of money for the economics of Mediterranean countries. Italy’s 30,000 hotels are all booked every summer. And 13 million people camp out on French beaches, parks, and roadsides. Spain ’s long sandy coastline attracts more people than anywhere else. 37 million tourists visit there yearly, or one tourist for each person living in Spain. But there are signs that the area is getting more tourists than it can deal with. The Mediterranean is already one of the most polluted seas on earth. None of these however, is ruining anyone’s fun. Obviously, they don’t go there for clean water. They allow traffic jams and seem to like crowded beaches. They don ’t even mind the pollution. No matter how dirty the water is, the coastline still looks beautiful. And as long as the sun shines, it’s still better than sitting in the cold rain in Berlin, London, or Oslo. 36. The writer seems to imply (暗示) that Europeans travel mostly for the reason that A. they want to see historic remains C. they would like to take pictures in front of famous places D. they are interested in different cultural and social customs 37. According to the passage, which of the following countries attracts more tourists than the others? A. Italy. B. Greece. C. France. D. Spain. . 38. The underlined part in the last sentence in the third paragraph means that A. all the 37 million people living in Spain are tourists B. every person living in Spain has to take care of a tourist C. every year almost as many tourists visit Spain as there are people living in that country D. every family in Spain is visited by a tourist every year 39. According to the passage, which of the following might ruin the tourists ’ fun at Mediterranean resorts and beaches? A. Polluted water. 四、书面表达 假如你是张伟,前几天收到你的美国笔友 Mike 的一封 E-mail(见表一) ,请根据邮件内容和你看到的广告(见表二)所 提供的信息,给 Mike 回一封电子邮件。 表一 Dear Zhang Wei, How are you getting on recently? I’m so glad to tell you that I plan to go to Beijing to study Chinese in my coming holiday. Would you please help me find a Chinese training school, and give me 表二 LET’S TALK IN CHINESE Course: Chinese for beginners Time: January 20—February 19 Place: No. 1 Lecture Hall 5 B. Crowded buses. C. Rainy weather. D. Traffic jams. . B. they wish to escape form cold, dark and rainy days

some information about it? Write back soon. Mike 注意:1、词数 120 词左右,开头已为你写好; 2、内容可适当发挥,以使行文连贯。 Dear Mike, I’m so glad to learn that

Tuition (学费): 2,000 RMB For more information: www. redstar. org Red Star Language School

Zhang Wei

选修 7 第 5 单元答案
选词填空:offered, opportunity, beneficial, abroad, taken up, get used to, lacked, tutor, contented, translated
语法专练:?

单项选择:1—5 BABDA 6—10 BACDD 11—15 CDDBA 完形填空:16—20 DACDB 21—25 BAADC 26—30 BDABA 31—35 DCADB 阅读理解:36—39 BDCC 书面表达: Dear Mike, I’m so glad to learn that you’re coming to Beijing to study Chinese. If you come, we will have a lot of things to do together. After receiving your e-mail, I have collected much information for you. Now I have got a lot of information about foreigners learning Chinese. Here I’d like to recommend you a famous language school—Red Star Language School. It happens to have such a Chinese training course that will satisfy your demands. It starts on January 20th and lasts a month till February 19th. It’s intended for beginners like you. Besides, the tuition is reasonable. It costs only RMB 2,000 (about $240). If you have any question, please let me know or just mail www. redstar. org. Hope to see you in Beijing soon. Zhang Wei

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