昌乐一中 2011 级高二英语学案
Book unit1 Art Reading I Learning aims: 1. To comprehend the text and understand the history of the western art. 2. To train the skills of reading by scanning and skimming 3. To develop their interest in art. 【课前预习】 I. Memorize the words and phrases
1. faith n. 信任；信心；信念 → adj. 忠实的________ adv.忠实地 ____________
II. Read the text and do the True or False questions （ ）1.Western art has changed very little over the last seventeen centuries . （ ）2. Paintings in the Middle Ages did not use perspective . （ ）3.Impressionists painted landscapes. （ ）4.You can not recognize any object in abstract modern art . （ ）5.In the Renaissance most artists painted indoors . （ ）6.Abstract art is still an art style today . III. Read the passage and do the following questions. 1. Which of the following statements is true?_______ A. Paintings in Middle Ages were very realistic. B. Western art has changed a lot since the 5th century. C. Impressionist paintings were painted mainly indoors. D. Modern art began in the Renaissance. 2. At first most people hated the impressionists’ style of painting, because _____. A. their painting were very abstract. B. their painting were very realistic. C. They broke away from the traditional style of painting. D. their paintings were very ridiculous. 3. In the Renaissance, painters________. A. Painted religious scenes in a more realistic style. B. focused more on religion than on humans. C. began to paint outdoors. D. returned to classical Roman and Greek ideas about art. 4. _______discovered how to make paintings look more real by using perspective. A. Giotto di Bondone. B. Masaccio. C. Claude Monet. D. Pablo Picasso Ⅳ. Listening While you are listening, pay attention to the pronunciation, intonation and stress. 【能力提升】 Read the text aloud and fill in the blanks. A SHORT HISTORY OF WESTERN PAINTING Art is__________ (影响) by the___________(习俗和信念) of a________(民 族).Styles in Western art have changed many times.__________(因为)there are so many different styles of Western art, it would be impossible to describe all of them in such a short text. _______________(因此), this text will describe only the most important ones,
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
evident adj. 明显的， 明白的→ n. 证据 _____________ possess vt. 拥有； 具有 → n. 所有，财产（尤作复数）_____________ attempt n./ vt. 努力；尝试；企图 → adj. 有企图的 ___________________ critic n. 批评家；评论家 → vt. 批评 __________________ effectively adv. 有效地→adj.有效的__________ → n. 影响 ___________ exhibition n. 展览；陈列 → vt. 展览__________________ preference n. 喜爱；偏爱→ vt. 更喜欢__________________ impressionist n. 印象派艺术家→ n. 印象派_______________
→ vt. 使某人印象深刻 ______________ 10. signature n. 署名；签字→ vt. 签字；署名_________________ 11. technique n. 技术；方法；技能→ adj. 技术上的；技巧方面的 _______________ 12. conventional adj. 常规的；传统的→ n. 惯例；习俗 _________________ 13. consequent adj. 必然的；理所当然的→ adv. ____________________ 14. 集中注意力于________________________ 15. 巧合地 _____________________________ 16. 大量 _____________________________ 17.(可是)另一方面 _____________________ 18. 活着的；本人 ______________________ 【课内探究】 I. Read the text and finish the following questions. 1. What’s the main idea of the text ?
2. How many styles of Western painting are mentioned in the text? What are they?
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____________(开始)from the sixth century AD. The Middle Ages (5th to the 15th century AD) During the Middle Ages, the main aim of painters was to__________(展示，描绘) religious themes . A _____________(传统的) artist of this period was not interested in showing nature and people ______(像) they really were. A _______(典型的) picture at this time was full of religious symbols, which created feeling of respect and love for God. But it was __________(明显的)that ideas were changing in the 13th century when painters like Giotto di Bondone began to paint religious scenes ________________(用更加现实的 方式). TheRenaissance(文艺复兴)(15th to 16th century) During the Renaissance, new ideas and values gradually replaced those held in the Middle Ages. People began to ___________( 集 中 )less on religious themes and ________(采取)a more humanistic attitude to life. At the same time painters returned to classical Roman and Greek ideas about art. They tried to paint people and nature _____(连 词) they really were. Rich people wanted to __________(拥有)their own paintings, so they could decorate their_________(杰出的) palaces and great houses. They paid famous artists to paint pictures of themselves, their houses and ___________(财产) as well as their activities and achievements.. One of the most important discoveries during this period was how to draw things__________(用透视画法). This_________(技巧) was first used by Masaccio in 1428. When people first saw his paintings, they_______________(坚信)they were looking through a hole in a wall at a real scene. If the roles of perspective________________(没被 发现), no one_____________(将能)paint such realistic pictures._____________(巧合地), oil paints were also developed at this time, which made the colours _________(use) in paintings look richer and deeper. Without the new paints and the new technique, we would not be able to see the many great __________(著作) for which this period is famous. Impressionism(印象主义) (late 19th to early 20th century) In the late 19th century, Europe changed ____________(很大).，from a agricultural society to a mostly industrial one. Many people moved from the countryside to the new cities. There were many new inventions and_____________( 社 会 的 ) changes. __________(自然而然地), these changes also ______________(使产生)new painting styles. Among the painters who ________________(脱离) the traditional style of painting were the Impressionists, who lived and worked in Paris. The Impressionists were the first painters to work outdoors. They_____________( 急 于 ) show how light and shadow fell on________ ( 物 体 )at different times of day. However, because natural light changes so quickly, the Impressionists had to paint quickly. Their paintings were not as_________ (详细的)as those of earlier painters. At first , many people disliked this style of painting and became very angry about it. They said that the painters were careless and their paintings were__________(荒谬的). Modern Art (20th century to today)
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At the time they were created, the Impressionist paintings were controversial, but today they ____________________(被认为是) the beginning of _______ we call "modem art". This is because the Impressionists encourage artists to look at their environment in new ways. There are __________(数十) modern art styles, but without the Impressionists, many of these painting styles might not_________(存在). _____________(一方面), some modem art is abstract; __________(也就是说), the painter does not attempt to paint objects _____(像) we see them with our eyes, but instead ___________(集中注意力 于 )certain qualities of the object, using colour, line and shape to represent them. ___________(另一方面), some paintings of modern art are so realistic that they look like photographs. These styles are so different. Who can predict what painting styles there will be in the future? 【课后延伸】 Read the text carefully and pick out the most important sentences and write them down on the paper. ____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________
昌乐一中 2011 级高二英语学案
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