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2013届高三六校高考模拟考试英语试题


2013 届高三六校高考模拟考试
英语试题
命题学校:珠海一中 2013,5,18

本试卷共 8 页,三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1-15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和

D 项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In the middle 1800s, there were only a few white settlers in the southwestern United States. The Apache, a native Indian tribe, lived at 1 with the white settlers. In February 1861, Lieutenant Bascom, an American military officer, asked to speak with Cochise because a farm had been attacked and a white boy taken away. Cochise was an unusually powerful Apache leader. The whites who knew him both feared and 2 him. Friends as well as enemies considered him to be a(n) 3 man. He always told the truth and expected others to do the same. Lieutenant Bascom knew nothing about Cochise. The officer was 4 only with succeeding at his first command. Cochise was not 5 for the attack. So, the Apache chief believed the American soldiers had come in peace and he went to meet them with his family, which was a sign of 6 . But Lieutenant Bascom did not understand the sign. They met in Bascom's cloth tent. Cochise told the officer that his people were not 7 in the attack. Lieutenant Bascom, however, accused Cochise of 8 and told Cochise that he and his family would be held prisoner until the boy was returned. Cochise reacted 9 . He stood up, pulled out his knife and cut a hole in the 10 . He escaped through the hole. The soldiers waiting outside were taken by 11 . They shot at Cochise three times but missed. But the soldiers captured the other people. Cochise caught four Americans and left a message for Bascom about 12 prisoners. But Bascom did not find Cochise's message until two days later. By then, it was too late. The Americans had already 13 Cochise's family. Cochise immediately made plans to 14 the Americans and he had the prisoners killed. He decided that Americans could 15 be trusted. The incident led to years of violence and terror. 1. A. ease B. war C. peace D. will 2. A. loved B. respected C. hated D. envied 3. A. honest B. violent C. ambitious D. outspoken 4. A. busy B. concerned C. faced D. worried 5. A. eager B. prepared C. blamed D. responsible 6. A. strength B. bravery C. trust D. fear 7. A. involved B. interested C. guilty D. included 8. A. joking B. pretending C. murdering D. lying 9. A. quickly B. angrily C. fiercely D. hurriedly 10. A. door B. wall C. tent D. front
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11. A. amazement B. nervousness C. terror D. surprise 12. A. releasing B. returning C. killing D. exchanging 13. A. beaten B. caught C. hanged D. imprisoned 14. A. repay B. reward C. remove D. resist 15. A. rarely B. never C. merely D. seldom 第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题 ,每小题 1.5 分 ,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用 括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Our experience at the Children’s Medical Care Center was eye-opening. We saw a lot of children without hair due to their radioactive treatment. We played with them and taught them to draw pictures. The children, though 16. (suffer) such great pains, were so friendly that it was much easier to interact with them than we 17. (expect). One day, an incident deeply touched us. A girl suggested that she teach us how to fold paper. She taught us 18. great patience, explaining each step slowly and clearly. Though we could easily do that, we still pretended to know nothing about it. We followed her, step by step, doing everything she told us. Finally, _19. we finished our work successfully, she gave each of us 20. big hug. We could see the pride and happiness on her face. Her father was so thankful to us that he held our hands tightly, tears in his eyes. And it was not until then 21. we knew the girl would receive an operation the next day. Many stories happened at the center. It was really a 22. (value) experience to us all, enriching our life in a positive way. The children’s happy faces and 23. strong minds will stay with us forever. The days we spent at the Center inspired us boys 24. (reflect) on many things. We began to reflect on how to deal with the difficulties in life, because our “troubles” seem not worth mentioning at all compared with 25. these innocent kids are going through. II 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第—节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读—列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A A fellow speaker from California named Geri flew to Japan, in her favorite jeans and a casual jacket, to give her first speech. Fourteen hours later, four perfectly dressed Japanese gentlemen greeted her at Narita Airport. Smiling and bowing low, they handed her their business cards. With her bag in one hand, Geri took their cards with the other. She thanked them, glanced briefly at the cards, and put them into her jeans pocket quickly. When the five of them arrived at the hotel, they invited Geri to tea in the lobby (大厅). While sipping tea, the gentlemen presented her with a small gift which she eagerly opened. She was thrilled with the gift and shouted excitedly, “Oh, it’s beautiful!” At this point, the four Japanese gentlemen stood up and, bowing only very slightly, said “Sayonara” and left immediately. Poor Geri was left astonished. What did she do wrong? Everything! Her jeans were the first gaffe. Even if you’re coming off a bicycle in Japan, you do not meet c1ients (客人) casually dressed. The second mistake was Geri’s handling of their business cards rudely. In Japan, the business card is one of the most important communicative tools. It is always presented and accepted respectfully with both hands. However, Geri put their cards away much too quickly. In Japan, people use business cards as a conversation starter. You chat about each other’s cards and work and do not
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put theirs away until they gently and respectfully place yours in safekeeping. Putting it carelessly into her jeans pocket was the ultimate disrespect. Then, the fourth horror of horrors was that Geri should not have opened the gift in front of her clients. In a land where saving face is critical, it would be embarrassing to discover the gift they gave was not as nice as the one they received. What is worse, Geri hadn’t even given them a gift! 26. In the four Japanese gentlemen’s eyes, Geri took their cards _____________. A. excitedly B. embarrassingly C. politely D. disrespectfully 27. Why did the four Japanese gentlemen leave Geri suddenly? A. Because they couldn’t bear Geri’s behavior any longer. B. Because they had finished the task. C. Because Geri had something more important to do. D. Because Geri felt embarrassed. 28. What does the underlined word “gaffe” in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. ignorance B. sadness C. mistake D. carelessness 29. The third mistake Geri made was that she _____________. A. used her own card as a conversation starter B. took her clients’ cards with one hand C. kept her clients’ cards in a wrong place D. met her clients in jeans 30. What lesson can we draw from this story? A. Honesty is the best policy. B. Think twice before you take any action. C. When in Rome, do as the Romans do. D. Don't claim to know what you don't know. B Life is to be enjoyed. There’s no point in giving up something you enjoy unless you get something back that’s even better. When people eat more healthfully, exercise, quit smoking, and manage stress better, they find that they feel so much better that it reconstructs the reason for making these changes from fear of dying to joy of living. The latest studies show that when you exercise and eat right: YOUR BRAIN receives more blood flow and oxygen, so you become smarter, think more clearly, have more energy, and need less sleep. Two studies showed that just walking for three hours per week for only three months caused so many new neurons (神经细胞) to grow that it actually increased the size of people’s brains! YOUR FACE receives more blood flow, so your skin glows more and wrinkles less. You look younger and more attractive. In contrast, an unhealthy diet, chronic emotional stress and smoking reduce blood flow to your face so you age more quickly. Smoking accelerates aging because nicotine causes your arteries (动脉) to narrow down, which decreases blood flow to your face and makes it wrinkle earlier. This is why smokers look years older than they really are. YOUR GENES change. In May, a study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences showing that changing your lifestyle changes your genes. YOUR TELOMERES (染色体端粒) get longer. Telomeres are the ends of our chromosomes (染色体) that control how long we live. As telomeres become shorter, then cells age more quickly, thus shortening your life. Besides, one of the most interesting findings in the study was that the mothers’ awareness of stress was
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more important than what was really occurring in their lives. The researchers gave the women a questionnaire and asked them to rate on a three-point scale how stressed they felt each day, and how out of control their lives felt to them. The women who were aware that they were under heavy stress had significantly shortened and damaged telomeres compared with those who felt more relaxed. On the contrary, some of the women who felt relaxed despite raising a disabled child had more normal-appearing telomeres. In other words, if you feel stressed, you are stressed; if you feel fine, you are fine. 31. Which of the following are good for lengthening one’s life, according to the passage? ① eat healthy food ② drink plenty of water ③ take exercise ④ get up early

⑤ go to sleep early ⑥ release one’s stress A. ①③⑥ B. ①②③ C. ①⑤⑥ D. ③④⑥ 32. The underlined words “your skin glows” in Paragraph 3 are closest in meaning to _________. A. your skin becomes white as there is plenty of sunshine B. your skin becomes smooth as there is much blood in it C. your skin looks pink as you are healthy D. your skin becomes soft as you exercise enough 33. In the author’s opinion, when you exercise and eat right, you will experience some changes EXCEPT _________. A. brains becoming cleverer B. faces having fewer wrinkles C. arteries turning narrower D. genes being changed 34. From the last but one paragraph we learn that _________. A. mothers will have more damaged telomeres if they raise a disabled child B. mothers don’t know how to handle stress effectively C. some women were asked to fill out a questionnaire about educating children D. mothers’ positive attitudes are the key to managing their stress 35. The best title for the passage would be _________. A. Eat better, live better B. Feel better, live longer C. Less stress, fewer diseases D. Smoke more, age sooner C Child prodigies (神童) cause awe, wonder and sometimes jealousy: how can such young children display the kinds of musical or mathematical talents that most adults will never master, even with years of hard practice? It is widely acknowledged that prodigies are born, not made. Practice alone isn't going to turn out the next 6-year-old Mozart. So finds a recent study of eight famous young prodigies, which sought to make it easier to understand the causes of their talent. The study found a few key characteristics these youngsters had in common. For example, they all had exceptional working memories, far better than ordinary people. Surprisingly, however, the study found that not all of the prodigies had high IQs. Indeed, while they had higher-than-average intelligence, some didn't have IQs that were as remarkable as their early achievements would suggest. The authors also found that prodigies scored high in autistic (自闭症的) features, especially in their extreme attention to details. They scored even higher on this feature than people diagnosed (诊断) with Asperger's syndrome, a high-functioning form of autism (自闭症) that typically includes great enthusiasm about details. Three of the eight prodigies had a diagnosed autism disorder. Four of the eight families included in the
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study reported autism diagnoses in first-or-second-degree relatives, and three of these families reported a total of 11 close relatives with autism. In the general population, in comparison, about 1 in 88 people have either autism or Asperger's. Other unusual similarities between prodigies and those with autism: they're both more likely to be male and both are associated with difficult pregnancies, suggesting that what they had gone through before they were born may play a role in their development. Yet, very little research has been done on the connection between autism and extreme talent. As a matter of fact, prodigies appear to benefit from certain autistic tendencies. In other words, these children may have some genetic feature or learned skill that allows them to maintain intense focus, without damaging their social skills or suffering from other disabilities that typically accompany autism disorders. Comparing these children with those who have autism could therefore potentially help explain what goes wrong in those who develop disabling forms of autism and what goes right in others with similar features who simply benefit from the condition and are able to improve their abilities. 36. According to Paragraph 1, what is the common idea towards child prodigies? A. They are not created. B. Practice can create child prodigies. C. They must be created. D. Musical child prodigies are created within several years. 37. Which of the following is TRUE according to the recent study? A. All the child prodigies have limited working memories. B. All the child prodigies don’t have high IQs. C. All the child prodigies have autism at the same time. D. Child prodigies come into being after a good education. 38. What can we learn from Paragraph 4? A. All these eight prodigies are diagnosed with autism. B. Prodigies are more likely to suffer from autism than the ordinary people. C. Children diagnosed with autism are likely to become a prodigy. D. Child prodigies and those with autism have something in common. 39. What is the main idea of the passage? A. What talent and autism have in common? B. What are the characteristics of talent? C. What are the findings about a mental disease called autism? D. What is autism? 40. Such an article is most likely to be found in ____________. A. a business magazine B. a newspaper C. a sports program on TV D. the Science Column of a magazine D When Peng Liyuan stepped off the plane in Moscow, the whole world wanted to know who dressed the elegant first lady. The reporter released the secret—Ma Ke. Peng Liyuan has been wearing Ma Ke's designs for more than a decade, a fact that was only highlighted recently when she was on her first state visit, accompanying her husband President Xi Jinping. The elegant and attractive Peng, formerly a popular singer, has been compared with the US’ first lady Michelle Obama and France’s Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, since stepping off the airplane in Moscow on March 22. Suddenly, everyone was curious to know more about the first lady’s wardrobe.
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Even so, Ma prefers a low-key approach. “If you eat a tasty egg why would you want to see the hen?” she says of all the media attention. Ma’s relationship with Peng began 10 years ago after a concert in Guangzhou when a reporter told Peng she knew the designer behind the label Exception de Mixmind. Peng asked for an introduction because she was a fan of Ma’s designs and had been wearing them for years. The two naturally became friends. Ma says: “The painting reflects the painter, and clothes reflect both the designer and the wearer. Someone desires fame and wealth, or love and sympathy; what you have in your heart is reflected in the design. Those who don’t share my philosophy won’t buy my clothes. Peng is a caring person, devoted to charity and environmental protection, which is exactly what I’m doing now.” However, regardless of the brand, Peng’s support of Chinese labels has surprised millions of Chinese who favor foreign fashion brands. “Instead she presented a vision of Chinese fashion, desiring to bring Chinese designers to the world stage,” says a western designer. The first lady’s double-breasted coat and her black leather handbag aren’t available at any of Exception’s shops, though Exception’s physical stores do have seen a rising number of visitors. 41. The passage mainly discusses _________. A. the designer of the first lady Peng Liyuan’s dress, Ma Ke B. the friendship between Peng Liyuan and her designer C. Peng Liyuan’s clothes on her first state visit D. the reactions to Peng Liyuan’s first visit to Moscow 42. In the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 Ma Ke mentioned “an egg and the hen” to show _________. A. it is hard to explain “Which came first, the egg or the hen?” B. paying such great attention to her was unnecessary C. the outcome was more important than the process D. her dissatisfaction with the media attention on her dress 43. What can be inferred from the passage? A. First ladies compete with each other whenever they are together. B. Peng’s suits can be bought in Ma Ke’s clothes stores. C. Ma Ke offered to design the first lady’s clothes through her friends. D. Peng had liked Ma’s designs long before she got to know her in the flesh. 44. In the passage, Peng Liyuan _________. A. often reflects on what she has in her heart before choosing clothes B. is sympathetic and has a strong environmental consciousness C. always desires the exceptional charm of the brand D. is knowledgeable in philosophy 45. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Peng wears the dress designed by a Chinese designer probably to support Chinese brands. B. Many citizens found Peng Liyuan’s choice quite unexpected. C. Black leather handbags like Peng’s are widely sold in bag stores in big cities. D. After Peng Liyuan’s visit to Moscow Ma Ke’s clothes became more popular. 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息, 并按照要求匹配信息。 请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字母涂黑。 下面是房屋中介手头所具有的、同一个小区的房屋信息: A. This apartment is large with four bedrooms, two bathrooms, and a not very big living room. Its inner
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space is fully used and nothing seems to be a waste. It faces north and not high, which makes it economical. But its construction is just as good as any other. B. This apartment is one of the best in its building, which is mainly aimed at singles. It has a bedroom, a living room, a bathroom and of course the kitchen. It is on the shopping mall and close to stores, restaurants, bars and so on, which is a good condition for those who have no time to cook. C. This is one of the biggest and grandest apartments in this garden, with four bedrooms and a spacious living room. It is on the top floor, with free and convenient use of the top of the building. This apartment has every advantage you require, and the only disadvantage exists in its cost. D. This apartment is at the back of the garden with one bedroom, a living room, a bathroom and a kitchen. It faces west and looks into a small hill covered with trees. Though small, it is well equipped with whatever is required of an apartment. It’s on the fourth floor, so it will save quite some money for the buyer. E. This apartment is at the quiet back of the garden. It is not big, with only two bedrooms but a large balcony for sunshine. It faces south and looks onto the fountain in the garden. It is away from the road noise and is a good choice for anybody who prefers quiet. F. This apartment has three bedrooms and two bathrooms. It is at the back of the garden, away from the road. The seventh floor is neither too high nor too low, which makes it neither too expensive nor too cheap. The majority of average people are its potential buyers. 下面是五个想买房的人的信息和购房要求。读完后请匹配最符合他们需要的房子: 46. Mr. Yu and his wife both hold a high position in their companies. They are moving to a larger place to enjoy their life. They need an apartment with a large living room as they have frequent visitors and guests. Besides, they will give their son and daughter separate rooms. As money is no problem, they want comfort and space besides a shelter. 47. Miss Xie has entered a nice company and she hopes to move from her rented apartment to her own home, where she could not only feel more secure but also date with her boyfriend. Her home needn’t be large but has to be convenient to bars or coffee houses as she is very sociable. 48. Mr. Gu has to support both his own parents and his wife’s parents. They need a large enough apartment to provide enough beds for all of them. Though they have their former apartment to sell, it is still a big challenge to the working couple. Anyway, he plans to give his daughter a separate room. 49. Mr. Lin and his wife have both retired from work. They want to buy an apartment to live in while the price is not too high. They don’t need too many rooms but still have to consider a spare bedroom for his son, who may visit them occasionally. Besides, they require the new home to be quiet at night. 50. Mr. Fei works as a designer in a company while his wife keeps the home. As he has saved enough money, he wants to buy an apartment of his own. Besides a bedroom for his son, he plans to set aside a room as his studio, where he can continue his work at night. His new home doesn’t have to be big but does have to be quiet. III 写作 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题;满分 15 分) H7N9 禽流感是一种极其危险的病毒,正在国内流行,请用英语写一篇短文介绍“如何预防禽流 感” 。 [写作内容] 1. 现状:截至 2013 年 5 月 3 日,全国 128 人感染 H7N9 病毒,27 人死亡。 2. 目的:预防禽流感
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3. 措施:1. 保持良好的个人卫生习惯,如勤洗手、保持室内通风。 2. 多进行体育锻炼,加强营养,增强个人体质,提高抵抗力。 3. 避免接触和食用病死禽、畜。 4. 注意:一旦出现发热,尤其是高热,要及时就医。 [参考词汇] 禽流感:bird flu 营养:nutrition 抵抗力:resistance [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。 第二节 读写任务(共 1 小题;满分 25 分) 阅读下面的新闻,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 From security guard to top college student In Shandong Normal University, one student in particular has drawn much attention as he used to be a security guard at Qinghua University. During his spare time, he went to different classes at the top university as his goal was to get into college one day. Jia is from a poor rural family in Shandong province. Although he never finished high school, his college ambitions never stopped. He became a security guard at Qinghua University. Guarding the school and taking free classes at Qinghua during his spare time, self-taught Jia took the college entrance exam in June last year and he made the grade. His family is very proud of his achievement. They didn't know about his college dream. All they wanted from him was a decent marriage and grandchildren. Jia says he has made plans for his new college life and up to now everything has been fine. He wants to finish his degree in three years and then go to an even better graduate school. He says everyone should strive to improve their life and is confident about his future. [写作内容] 假设你看完上面这则新闻故事后深有感触,决定在班上英语课前活动中做一个英语演讲。演讲的 开头和结尾已为你写好,内容包括以下几点。 1.以约 30 词概括上面新闻故事的主要内容。 2.以约 120 词发表你的看法,内容包括: (1) 这则新闻故事带给你的感受。 (2) 你认为主人公的成功最重要的原因是什么?为什么? (3) 受到的启发并进行呼吁。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事.也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的 句子。 2. 写作中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

高三六校高考模拟考试

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