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高二英语必修五第一单元导学案


高二英语必修五导学案 Unit 1
语言要点
单元要点预览(旨在让同学整体了解本单元要点)

Great

Scientists

词语
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[来源:学科网

1. character / characteristic 4. blame /

scold

2. examine / check / test 3. cure / treat
[来源:Z。xx。k.Com]

[来源:学,科,网 Z,X,X,K]

5. reject / refuse

辨析 1. scientific adj.科学的 2. valuable adj.有价值的 词形 词 汇
[来源:学#

science n.科学 value n. 价值 instruction n. 指示, 用 法说明

scientist n.科学家 value v. 估价, 评价 instructive adj.有益的,教育性 的 enthusiast n.热心家,狂热者

3. instruct v. 教导,命令

变化 4. enthusiastic adj. 热 心 的,热情的 1. 2. 3. 重点 4. 单词 5. 6. 7. 重点 词组

enthusiasm n.狂热,热 心

科#网]

conclude v. 断定, 得出结论; 结束(正式) ; attend v. vt. 出席, 参加, 照顾, 护理, 注意 vi.专心, 留意 expose vt. 使暴露, 受到, 使曝光 v 揭露 absorb vt. 吸收;使(精神)贯注;吞并 blame n 过失, 责备 vt.责备, 谴责 instruct vt .教, 教导, 命令, 指示, 通知 contribute vi.& vt.捐助,捐献,贡献;投稿 in addition/ apart from 除……之外;另外

部 分

put forward 提出:提议以供考虑 make sense 有意义

1. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak. 2. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make 重点句子 sense. 3. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it ….. 重点语法 过去分词做表语和定语 (见语法专题)

I.词语辨析
1). character/characteristic n. 【解释】 character 性格,品质 (本身具有的) ;角色,人物;字体,字符 characteristic 特点,特征(区别于其他事物) 【练习】选择 character 或 characteristic 并用其适当的形式填空 1) He proved himself true gentleman and the beauty of his _______ was seen at its best when he worked with others. 2) People living in the city are different from those in the countryside in _________ . 3) What are the __________that distinguish the Chinese from the Japanese? 4) Chinese __________ attract a great number of foreigners all over the world. 5) The main purpose of a play is to let the ________ speak for themselves as much as possible. Keys: 1) character 2) character 3) characteristics 4) character 5) character 2). examine/ check /test 检查 【解释】 examine 仔细察看或观察(以了解情况或是否有问题或毛病) check 检查 (含有“校对”或“找错”的意思) test 检查,检测(以某种手段来试一试某人或某物是否达到了一定的标准) 【练习】选择 check , examine 或 test,并用其适当的形式填空 1)I was being _______ for a driving license for the third time. 2)The doctor _________ him carefully. 3)The interviewer always _______ her facts before sending them to the editor. Keys: 1) tested 2) examined 3) checks 3) cure/ treat 治疗, 【解释】 cure 表示治愈的结果 treat 表示治疗的过程 【练习】选择 cure 或 treat 并用其适当的形式填空 1) After being ________ for such a long time, the wound ___________ at last.

Keys: 1) treated; cured 4) blame/scold 责备 【解释】 blame 责备;谴责; 归咎于强调对某种可以解释的失误或不良行为的谴责或惩罚: scold 斥责” 、 “责骂”指大声呵斥,责备,唠唠叨叨地说,常用于长辈对晚辈

【练习】 1)Don't _______ it on him, but on me. 2)The parents ______ the naughty boy and asked him to leave the home at once. Keys: 1) blame 2) scolded 5) reject /refuse 拒绝 【解释】 reject 后接名词, (含对被抛弃的东西不屑一顾) refuse 后接名词,动名词 ,可表“谢绝” 【练习】选择 refuse 或 reject 并用其适当的形式填空 1)The Christian Church ________ his theory, saying it was against God‘s idea. 2) I can‘t stand working with Jane in the same office. She just ________to stop talking while she works. Keys: 1) rejected 2) refuses

II. 词形变化
science n,科学 announce v.宣布 instruct v..指导,命令 enthusiastic adj.热心的,热 情的 valuable adj.有价值的 value n. 价值 value v. 估价, 评价 scientific adj.科学的 announcement n.宣布 instruction n.指导,指示 enthusiasm n.狂热,热心 scientist n.科学家 announcer n,广播员,告知者 instructive adj.有益的,教育性的 enthusiast n.热心家,狂热者

【练习】根据句子结构,用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空 1) The _________ took a very ________ approach to _________.(science) 2) The ______ make a(n) ________ that all the details should _______ through the broadcast.(announce) 3) It is ______ and easy for the children to read some masterpieces with the _______ at the bottom of each page.(instruct) 4) ―You don‘t seem very ______ about the idea.‖ ―I don‘t mind,‖ she said, without much ______.(enthusiasm) 5) There is no any criterion to ______ whether it is _______ information. (value) keys: 1) scientist; scientific; science 2) announcer; announcement; be announced 3)

instructive;instructions 4) enthusiastic; enthusiasm 5) value;valuable

Ⅲ.重点词汇
1. conclude vi.终结; 结束; 推断; 决定 [典例] 1)The meeting concluded at ten o'clock. 会议于十点钟结束。 2)It is hard to conclude. 这很难断定。 [重点用法] conclusion n. 结束,结论 make/draw/reach/come to/arrive at a conclusion 下结论,得出结论; bring sth. to a conclusion 使…结束; in conclusion 作为结论,最后; [练习] 汉译英 1. 我们推定蓝队无法按时抵达目的地。

______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2. 我们认定他并没有告诉我们实情,也就是他在撒谎。

______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys:1) We concluded that the blue team could not reach the destination on time. 2) We concluded that he

didn‘t tell us the truth. That is, he was lying.

2. attend v. 1)注意;留意;处理(与 to 连用)=do with 2) 出席;到场: 3)照看;照料:=take care; look after [典例] 1)We'll attend to the problem later. 稍后我们将关注那个问题。 2)Which doctor is attending you? 哪一个医生为你看病? [重点用法] attendance n. 出席,出席的人数,伺候,照料 attend school 上学 attend a lecture/meeting 听讲座/出席会议 attend a wedding/ceremony 出席婚礼?/参加典礼 [练习] 汉译英 1) 他们在我们不在时管理事务。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 他在这个领域很出名,今晚会有成千上万的敬仰者参加他的讲座。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) They attended our affairs during our absence. 2) He is famous in this field, and tens of thousands of fans will attend his lecture this evening. 3. expose vt. 1)使暴露, 显露 [重点用法] exposure n.(在日光、风雨、危险中)暴露,暴晒(后接 to + n.);(摄影的)曝光 be exposed to ….置身于……;暴露于… [典例] 1)A real artist can always expose his students to good art and music 称职的艺术家总能使学生接触美好的艺术和音乐 2)This film has been exposed. 这片子已经感光。 3)He exposed the plan to the newspapers.他向几家报纸透露了这个计划。 2)曝光 3)揭露

4)Exposure to the cold wind left my lips feeling dry.我暴露在寒风中,觉得嘴唇干裂。 5)As a journalist in the war, she was exposed to many dangers.作为战地记者,她置身于多种危险中. [练习]用 expose 的恰当形式填空。 1)The soil was washed away by the flood,_____________bare rock. 2)The baby was left ____________the wind and rain. 3)The _____________of the plot against the President probably saved his life. Keys: 1) exposing 2) exposed to 3) exposure

4. absorb 1) 吸收 2)使(精神)贯注 3)占用(时间) [重点用法] be absorbed in 全神贯注于;热衷于; absorb one‘s attention 吸引某人注意力 [典例] 1)The equipment can absorb moisture from the air 这一设备能从空中吸收水分 2)He is abso rbed in study. 他专心读书。 3)This job absorbs all of my time. 这件工作占用了我的全部时间。 [练习] 汉译英 1.颜色丰富的东西总能轻易地吸引孩子们的注意力。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2.这双新鞋特别设计了吸收能量的作用。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) Things in colour can often absorb children‘s attention easily. 2) The new shoes are specially designed to absorb the energy.

5. blame vt.责备;谴责;归咎于; n.责怪;(过失、过错等)责任 [典例] 1)The careless driver is to blame for the traffic accident happening yesterday.

那个粗心的司机该为昨天发生的交通事故负责。 2) Who is to blame for the failure? 谁该为这次的失败负责?

3) The student blamed the teacher for his failure.学生因失败而怪老师。 [重点用法] blame sb.for(doing)sth. 因(做)某事而指责某人 blame sth.on sb. 因某事而指责某人 sb.be to blame for(doing)sth. 因(做)某事某人应该受到谴责; 注意: be to blame 应负责 (无被动形式)。 [练习] 汉译英 1)看来霍乱的流行要归罪于饮用水了. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2)这件事谁也不能怨. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 3)他指责你玩忽职守. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) It seemed that the water was to blame. 2) Nobody is to blame for it. 3) He blames you for neglect of duty.

6. instruct vt 教导; 指示 [典例] 1)Miss Liu instructed a class in math last year. 刘老师去年给一个班学生上数学课. 2)The volunteers often go to an orphan home to instruct orphans. in English 这些志愿者经常去孤儿之家去教他们英语. 3)He was instructed when to start through the email. 他从邮件中得到出发时间的通知 4)He was instructed to sail for New York. 他奉命前往纽约。 [重点用法] instruct sb.( in sth.) 教, 教导,传授技能 instruct sb. to do; instruct wh-命令, 指示,

instruct that-clause 通知 [练习] 汉译英 1)老职工对青年职工言传身教. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2)同时要求孩子们放学后留在教室里. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) The old workers instruct the young workers not only in words, but by deeds. 2)The children were also instructed not to leave the classroom after class.

7. contribute vi.&vt.捐助,捐献,贡献;投稿 [典例] 1)He contributed to the church.他向教会捐款。 2)He often contributes to this newspaper.他经常向这家报社投稿。 3)Cigarette smoking is a major factor contributing to cancer.吸烟是导致癌症的主要因素。 [重点用法] contribution. n. 捐献,贡献;投稿 contribute…to …向……捐献(投稿) contribute to…促成,起作用,有助于 make a contribution to/towards 向……捐赠;对…作出贡献 注意: 以上短语中 to 为介词; [练习]用 contribute 的恰当形式或短语填空。 1) Everyone is encouraged to ___________ the discussion. 2) Her work has ___________ our understanding of this difficult subject.

3) She has __________ poems to literary magazines.
Keys: 1) contribute to 2) contributed to 3) contributed

Ⅳ重点词组

(旨在提供综合运用所需材料)

1.put forward 提出(建议等);推荐某人或自己任职位;提名 [典例]

1)He put forward a new plan yesterday.他昨天提出一个新计划。 2)May I put your name forward as a possible chairman of the committee? 我能否提名你当委员会主席? [短语归纳] put on 穿上;增加 put an end to 结束;终止 put one's heart into 全神贯注于 put out 生产;扑灭 put up 举起;张贴 [练习]用 put 构成的短语填空: 1)You can take anything from the shelf,but please _______ the books when you've finished with them. 2)He often _______ some useful advice. Keys: 1) put back 2) puts forward put on performances 演出 put off 推迟;延期; put down 写下 put back 放回;送回

2.apart from 除……之外;另外 [典例] 1)Apart from a few faults,he is a perfect teacher.除了几个缺点之外,他是一个很好的老师。 2)Apart from the cost,the dress doesn't suit me.姑且不论价格,这件礼服也不适合我穿。 [短语归纳] in addition to 除……之外(还有,包括在内) besides 除……之外(还有,包括在内) except (for)除……之外除……之外(还有,不包括在内) except that 除了…除……之外(还有,不包括在内) [练习]选择以上短语填空。 1) 2) As a senior student, we study other subjects _________ English. Your article is well written ________ some spelling mistakes.

Keys: 1) besides/ in addition to/apart from 2) except for

66. make sense 讲得通;有意义 [典例] What he says makes sense.他说的有道理。 Can you make sense of this poem? 你能明白这首诗的含义吗?

What you say is true in a sense.你所说的在某种意义上是真实的。 [短语归纳] make no sense 讲不通;无意义 make sense of 了解,明白

in a sense 就某种意义而言;在某种意义上 [练习] 汉译英 1) 老师试了许多次,但这个长句依然讲不通。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 从某种意义上说,这部影片富含意义。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) The teacher tried many times, but the long sentence still could not make sense. 2) The film is full of meaning in a sense.

V 重点句子 (旨在提供句子结构等所需材料)
1. So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak. 每次瘟疫爆发,数以千计的人们在恐惧中死去. [解释] every time 可作连词使用,引导时间状语从句,意为―每次,每当”immediately,the moment, directly,instantly 等都可以作连词引导时间状语从句,意为“一??就??‖ [典例] 1)Every time I meet him,I always think of the things happened between us. 每次见到他,我就想起发生在我们之间的事情。 2)Immediately he saw the message, he knew he misunderstood his best friend. 一见到纸条,他就知道他误会了他最好的朋友。 [练习] 汉译英 1)每次我去找他,他都在专心看书. ___________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ____ 2)我一见到她就把这本书给了她。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 3)我一见到他就把这封信给他。

______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 4)我一接到你的信就来了。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) Every time I went to see him, he was absorbed in reading. 2) I gave the book to her the moment I saw her. 3) I will give the letter to him immediately I see him.4) I came directly I got the letter. .

2. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense.只有当你把 太阳放在中心位置上,天空中其他行星的运动才能说的清楚. [解释]Only 引导的状语放在句首,句子需用半倒装. [练习]汉译英 1) 只有用这种方法,你才能轻松地解决这个问题. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ 2) 就在你失去它的时候,你才会懂得时间的宝贵. ______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) Only in this way, can you deal with the problem easily. 2) Only when you lost it, will you understand how valuable the time is.

3. He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it ….. 他把太阳固定在太阳系的中心位置上,而行星则围绕着太阳转. [解释]with + 宾语+ v. –ing / v. –ed / to do / adj. / adv. / prep. phrases 构成的复合结构在句中通常作为状 语,表示背景情况,为方式,原因或条件等. [典例] 1)With the old man leading the way, we started towards the forest. 在老者的带路下,我们向森林进发。 2)She ran and ran with beads of sweat running down her face. 她不停地奔跑,汗珠顺着脸颊流下来。 [练习] 汉译英 1. 老师微笑地走进教室,身后还跟着一群小朋友.

______________________________________________________________________________________

____ 2. 随着考试的结束,我们的假期开始了.

______________________________________________________________________________________ ____ Keys: 1) With a group of children following, the teacher came into the classroom with smile. 2) With the test finished, we began our holiday.

课文要点(模块)
Ⅰ课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)
根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: In the times of Queen Victoria, so-called "King Cholera" hit Londoners, which often 致)large numbers of 2 (dead). Thanks to John Snow, a then well known 4 3 1 (导

, this deadly 5 the 7 . So he (受

disease finally got controlled. John Snow thought

most important was to find its 6

began to gather the information, for which he made a map, on which he marked 害者)had lived. As a result, he found out that the suggested that the source of all water supplies 10 (defeat). resulted in 2. deaths 3. doctor 4. the 5. cause 9 8

(污染) water was the cause of cholera and (检查)immediately. Finally "King Cholera"

答案:1.

6. where 7. victims

8. polluted

9. be examined 10.

was defeated

Ⅱ课文大意概括 (旨在训练用 30 个单词概括大意的能力)
阅读课文,试着用 30 来个单词概括课文大意或将下面的短文译成英语 这篇短文的主要意思是说斯诺找到了一种叫做霍乱疾病的起因, 这是 19 世纪发生在伦敦的一种 致命的疾病。在斯诺的努力,该疾病终于得到控制。 The main idea of this passage is that

_____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ _________ 答案:The main idea of this passage is that John Snow found out the cause of the disease called cholera which was a deadly disease in London in the 19th century. With Snow' s great efforts, the disease was finally under control.

Ⅲ课文佳句背诵与仿写 (旨在培养对难句的理解和运用能力)

1【原句】John Snow was a well-known doctor in Landon-( and he was) so famous, indeed (插入语), that he attended Queen Victoria to ease the birth of her babies. [模仿要点]两个简单句合并成一句,很好地运用了插入语和符号来压缩句子。 【模仿 1】. 张老师是个热心的老师,他那么善良我想当他的学生生病时他一定乐意帮助他们的。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Mr. Zhang is a warm-hearted teacher in our school—so kind, I think/ I believe/ I suppose/ I dare say (插入语), that he is sure to help his students when they are ill. 【模仿 2】李平是我们班一位用功的学生。他那么勤奋我想晚上不到 11 点他不会上床睡觉的。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Li Ping is a hard-working boy in my class-so diligent, I suppose, that he never goes to bed until 11 at night. 2 【原句】 Although he had tried to ignore them, all his mathematical calculations led to the same conclusion: that the earth was not the centre of the solar system. [模仿要点] 冒号加 that 从句 【模仿 1】虽然她不相信别人说的话,可她所收集的证据得出这样的结论:她的男朋友骗了她。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Though she didn‘t believe what other people said, the evidences that she collected led to the conclusion: that her boy friend cheated her. 【模仿 2】尽管他很聪明,但他不勤奋。他这学期所经历的失败得出这样的结论:不劳不获 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Though he was very clever,he didn‘t work hard and all his failure ( that she experienced) this term led to the conclusion: that no pains no gains.

3 【原句】 He placed a fixed sun at the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it and only the moon still going round the earth. [模仿要点] 句子结构:with 的复合结构作定语修饰前面的名词。 【模仿 1】当你步入校园,在你面前是一个种着各种花草的大花坛。在花坛的两边是两个高大的楼 房:左边是教学楼,右边是图书馆。 __________________________________________________________________________________ 答案: When you enter the school, you can see in front of you a big flower bed with various kinds of flowers and grass growing in it and with two large buildings standing on both sides— the library on your right and

the teaching building on your left. 【模仿 2】 井底之蛙,永远看不到天空的广阔, “好男儿志在四方” ,让我们踏歌而行,看高高的

灯塔照亮我们远航的路。 (with 结构作状语) __________________________________________________________________________________ The frog at the bottom of the well is always blind to the e xtension of the sky. “Ambitious men aims far.” Let's get started, with the tall lighthouse guiding our long voyage, and with the voice of singing accompanying.

单元自测 (模块)
1. 完形填空
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 21—30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Lang Lang went to a piano school in Beijing when he was just eight. ―You need said. ―But if you don‘t work hard, no fortune will come.‖ What made him sad was that his piano teacher in Beijing didn‘t like him. As a nine -year-old boy Lang Lang was badly 2 . He decided that he didn‘t want to be a 4 , his father didn‘t push, but waited. 3 any more. For the next two weeks 1 ,‖ his father

he didn‘t touch the piano.

Luckily, the day came when his teacher asked him to play some holiday songs. He didn‘t want to, but as he placed his fingers on the piano key, he 5 that he could show others that he had talent after all. 6 that Lang Lang had won,

In the 1994 International Young Pianists Competition, when it was he was too 7

to hold back his tears. Soon it was clear that he couldn‘t stay in China forever—he had 8 . In 1997 Lang Lang 10 9 again, this time to Philadelphia, U. S. There

to play on the world‘s big

he spent Two years practicing. After his

performance at Chicago‘s Ravinia Festival, gigs(特邀演

出) in Lincoln Center and Carnegie Hall started pouring in. Lang Lang finally worked to reach the place where fortune spots him, and lets him shine. 1. A. exercise 2. A. hurt 3. A. singer 4. A. Hopefully 5. A. seemed 6. A. told B. fortune B. weakened B. pianist B. Patiently B. admitted B. mentioned C. knowledge C. ruined C. conductor C. Wisely C. noticed C. announced D. wealth D. frightened D. player D. Painfully D. realized D. recognized

7. A. excited 8. A. conceits 9. A. started 10. A. successful 答案:

B. encouraged B. tours B. left B. cheerful

C. s hocked C. competitions C. moved C. respectful

D. satisfied D. stages D. performed D. meaningful

本文主要讲述了一位钢琴家成功之路的感人故事。 1. B 下文说“如果你不努力,幸运就不会到来” ,因此上文是“你需要幸运” 。 2. A 上文老师的话伤了朗朗, hurt 表示伤了感情或身体, weaken 意为减弱, ruin 意为毁坏, frighten 吓倒,都不符合语境。 23. B 受到伤害的直接做法就是不再想做钢琴家了。 4. C 朗朗两个星期没练琴,而爸爸没有督促,只是等。下文中讲到了爸爸终于等到了要听的话,所 以爸爸的做法是明智的(wisely)。 5. D 老师的话伤害了他,使他不再练琴,但当他的手再放在琴键上时,他就意识到(realize)他有能 力向别人展示他最终还是有天赋的。 26. C 当宣布(announced)朗朗获胜时,他太激动(excited)忍不住流出泪水。 27. A 见第 26 题解析。 28. D 他不能永远呆在中国,他要到世界的大舞台(stage)上演奏。 29. C 1997 年,朗朗又搬家了,这次是去了美国。 30. A 由下文的 Lincoln Center 和 Carnegie Hall 特邀演出接踵而至,说明他的演出很成功。

2. 语法填空
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使 用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31-40 的相应位置上。 In the past, there lived a foolish man in a small kingdom called Zheng. One day he wanted to buy 31 a pair of new shoes. He measured his feet with a ruler first and wrote down his size. 33 34 he left it at home. shoe shop, he felt in the pocket only 35 (find) that it was not there. 32 he was

in such a hurry to set out When he arrived at

So he said apologetically, "I have left the measurement at home and don't know the size. I'll fetch it in one minute." 36 these words, he hurried off as fast as his legs could carry him. 37 took him quite a while and

He ran back home, found it and then to the shop again. But still the shop was already shoes. 38

(close) then. He had gone to all this trouble for nothing and did not get his

Then someone asked him with 40

39

(curious), ―Did you buy the shoes for yourself or someone

?‖ ― For myself, of course." he answered. "Then why don't you try the shoes on by yourself?‖

答案: 31. himself。 反身代词作间接宾语,从后文知道是给他自己买一双新鞋。 32. But。根据上下文逻辑关系这里应该用表示转折的连词。 33. that。引出结果状语从句,与前面 such 搭配连用。 34. a。第一次提到该鞋店应该用不定冠词。 35. to find。only 与不定式连用,用作结果状语。意为“结果发现” 。 36. With。with these words:说完这些话。 37. it。指代前面他回家取 measurement(先前所量脚的尺寸)这件事。 38. closed。过去分词作表语。 39. curiosity。 词形转化,此处应该用名词作介词 with 的宾语。 40. else。考查 else 的用法。

3. 信息匹配
阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。 以下是世界各地一些大学的简介: A. John Douglas University-- Located in the United States, this small university is well known for it's low cost and excellent science education. B. Oxford University--Located in England, this is one of the world's oldest and most famous universities. The rich history and beautiful scene ry comes at a high cost, but the quality of the classes is excellent. C. Brown College-- This three year technical school is located in Australia. It' s a very modem campus, which opened only t wo years ago. The courses focus mainly on computers and multimedia. D. Saint Francis University-- This religious university is located in the United States, and asks that all students have a good knowledge of religion and American history. The school isn't the but it offers scholarships to poor students who wish to study but can't pay. E. Concordia University--This comprehensive university is popular with students who wish to pursue further studies after having completed their undergraduate work. The campus has more than 25,000 students. F. Delta College-- This online school offers many degree programs through correspondence, so students can work at home on their free time for their degree. The cost is moderate, but the convenience is worthwhile for many. most modern,

以下是一些学生的情况和求学想法的简介:请匹配学生所感兴趣的学校。 41. Michael is a young student who has always received excellent grades, but his family may not be able to pay for his studies, they are hoping he can receive financial aid somehow. 42. Sarah comes from a wealthy family, so money isn't a problem. She loves history and hopes to get the best education possible. 43. David is married, and must work to support his family. He hopes to get a higher education to improve his salary. 44. Rachel loves computers and hopes to find a job in the information technology field. She lives in London and would love to travel abroad for her studies. 45. Johnson has completed a bachelor degree in economics, and wants to continue his studies so that he can someday teach at a famous university. c

答案: 41.D 42.B [解析]从 Michael 的家庭情况来看,他需要奖学金的资助,因此 D 项符合他的需求。 [解析]Sarah 家庭富裕喜欢历史,追求最好的教育,故选 B 项。

43.F [解析]David 已婚,他要养活一家人,不能去上大学,但是可以通过网络来接受教育。Delta College 刚好能满足他的要求。 44. C [解析]生活在伦敦的 Rachel 喜欢电脑想找到一份与信息技术有关的工作, 他还想出 你 45. E [解析]Concordia University 是一所多层次大学,录取想进修深造的学生继续他们的学业,这刚好符合 Johnson 的要求。

4. 基础写作
假设你是李华,你所在学校拟在下周开一个“如何高效地学习英语”的讲座。请你根据以下要 点给史密斯教授写一封信,邀请他给学生做这次讲座。信的内容包括: 讲座目的:让学生了解英语学习策略; 讲座内容:如何高效学习英语,如何提高学习英语的兴趣,如何自主学习; 讲座时间:1 小时 30 分钟左右。 [写作要求) 1.必须使用 5 个句子介绍全部所给的内容。 2.将 5 个句子组织成连贯的一篇短文,使用必要的连接词。 3.开头语与结束语已给出,不计入句子总数。 4.参考词汇:策略 strategy。

Dear Professor Smith, ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________ [答案]

Dear Professor Smith, Our school is planning to have a lecture on how to learn English effectively for middle school students next week and I'm writing to ask you to come and give a talk on English learning strategies. It will help us understand how to learn English in effective ways and also increase our interest in learning it, thus making us learn it actively. Do you think one and a half hours will be enough for such a lecture? Please let me know as soon as possible so that I can make arrangement. Looking forward to seeing you and enjoying the talk. With best wishes . Yours, Li Hua

同步测试
英 语 试 卷
考试时间 120 分钟,满分 150 分,本试卷分为第一卷选择题和第二卷非选择题两部分

温馨提示: 1 答卷前先将姓名、班级、考室、考号等相关信息清楚地填写/涂在答案卷和答题卡上。 2 答题卡填涂要求:考试科目 英语;准考证号前两位填涂考室,第三位第四位填涂考号,剩余的不 填,如第一考室第一考号,填涂/写不规范的以零分计算。 0 1 0 1

第一卷(选择题部分,共 115 分) 第一部分 听力,共两节,满分 30 分 略 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出最佳选项填入空白处,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑 21. Don‘t be upset. I think Tom, rather than you, _______. A is to blame C is to blamed B are to blame D are to blamed

22. I‘m considering buying a new car, because my old car _____ a lot. A breaks into pieces C breaks through B breaks down D breaks up

23. He suggested that the source of all the water supplies ______. A were examined C must examine B was examined D be examined

24. He got _____ when he thought about helping people _____ to cholera. A inspiring / exposing C inspiring / exposed B inspired / exposing D inspired / exposed

25. Entering the room, I found the children _____ on the floor, ______ chess happily. A sitting / played C seated / playing B seated / to play D sitting / to play

26. Welcome to visit our city whenever _______. A you are convenient C it‘s convenient to you B you are convenience D it‘s convenience for you

27. _____ no need to worry about the problem. The government has promised to have clean water _____ to us from door to door. A It is / delivered C There‘s / delivered B It is / delivering D There‘s / to deliver

28 It seems that time hasn‘t had any effect ____ your father; he still ______ so young and active. A on / is remained C to / is remaining B on / remains D to / is remained

29 Mother often _____me to be careful not to _____ any important information in class. A reminds / leave out B reminding / leave out B reminded / leave off D reminds / leave off

30 It‘s said that he lives in England in a _______ house with all modern ______. A furnishing / convenience C furnished / convenience B furnishing / conveniences D furnished / conveniences

31 He ______ the conclusion with the _______ evidence and presented it at the conference. A draws / supporting C came to / supported B drew / supporting D reached / supported

32 ______ the four countries work together in some areas, but still have very different institutions. A To one‘s credit C To their credit B For their credit D For one‘s credit

33 Keep your eyes ______ and you‘ll make your trip to UK ______ and worthwhile. A opened / enjoyable C opening / enjoyable B opening / enjoy D open / enjoyable

34 All these scientific enquires ______ __ the success of the project. A contributed to C are absorbed in B caused to D are consisted in

35 Electric trains _____ steam trains in England several decades ago. A took the place of C took place of B instead of D took the place

第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握大意,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A friend of mine met with an accident driving in darkness. His legs were so hurt that he couldn‘t move. What was the 36 was he found himself unable to ask for help—his mobile phone went out of a result of exhausted battery. Nothing could be done but to hours later that day broke, and then the 39 of the rescue. It is almost 40 that he could stand the horror in the darkness for so long. Even more surprising was conditions and found myself not in fatal (致命的) danger. 37 as

38 in the cold wilderness(野外). It was 8

his 41 : ―First of all, I checked up my 42 As there was no 43

to call for help, I leaned back in my seat trying my best to keep the wound from

44 . In this way I dozed(打盹) off. His story put an end to my regret for the group of young men 46 45 of an exploration adventure that happened last year. A

to explore a mountain cave and got lost. 47 to find a way out in the dark cave 48 . Finally they fell dead in fear and

they were frightened and ran anxiously without a sense of exhaustion. According to the 10 meters away from the

49 people that found them, the place where they got lost was only about

50 of the cave. If they stayed on the spot when they lost their way and tried to

51 themselves, they would probably sense a faint(昏暗的) light glimmering not far away. Don‘t you think that you can compare it with life and work, you are lost in darkness. It seems to be negative attitude, 55 courage in the place. 36. A hopeless 37. A service 38. A cry 39. A delay 40. A untrue 41. A plan 42. A physical 43. A energy 44. A exposing 45. A loss B worst B way B lie B success B unimaginable B decision B mental B way B spreading B failure C more C method C wait C team C true C explanation C working C tool C hurting D best D work D sleep D arrival D imaginable D excuse D medical D strength D breeding 53 52 itself? When you meet with obstacles(障碍) in

you it‘s unclear yet and you needn‘t put up struggle 54 .

a person who can afford to do so must foresight as well as a great

C disappointment D sadness

46. A had 47. A Willing 48. A hearing 49. A rescue 50. A end 51. A save 52. A adventure 53. A Mind 54. A really 55. A and

B managed B Unable B sight B village B top B help B work B Watch B immediately B so

C tried C Determined C feeling C local C opening C stop C life C Imagine C carefully C but

D planned D Deciding D direction D brave D side D calm D mankind D Warn D hopefully D while

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A The Original London Sightseeing Tour—Hop On Hop Off ―When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life, for there is in London all that life can afford.‖—Dr Samuel Johnson (1709-1784) Duration: 24 Hours pass Welcome to London and welcome to The Original Tour. Providing more than just a great way to travel around the capital, founded nearly 60 years ago at the time of The Festival of Britain, The Original Tour is now the largest and most popular sightseeing operator in the world. The Original Tour has been regarded as the basic introduction to London. You are invited to expe rience all the magical sights and sounds of London in a comfortable and safe environment. There is a full commentary (讲解) in English and a choice of six other languages on selected routes. Live English-speaking guides appear on the yellow route service. Your tour tickets are completely unlimited. Each route makes frequent stops—simply hop off where you want to and return to the same stop to continue your tour. You can relax and enjoy the tour while your children are entertained and informed by the highly praised ―Kids‘ Club‖ commentary (讲解)and their free London activity packs. ―Kids‘ Club‖ is featured on the red route service. Your ticket includes a free Thames River cruise (巡游). You can choose between a 24-hour river

cruise hopper pass and a 50-minute circular tour (环程旅行) depending on the time you have. 56. Dr Samuel Johnson‘s words are put at the beginning of the advertisement to ______. A. show the excellence of The Original London Tour B. draw the readers‘ attention C. tell the readers about the bright side of London D. prove the writer ‘s opinion 57. According to the text, The Original Tour is _______. A. a tourist guides organization B. a travel magazine C a public transport system D a bus tour company 58. Which of the following can replace the underlined phrase ―hop off‖ ? A. get off B. take off C. put off D. turn off

59. Which of the following descriptions is correct about The Original Tour? A. There is commentary in 7 languages on all the routes offered. B. Tourists with children had better choose the yellow route. C. A ticket holder can choose a 24-hour or 50-minute cruise for free. D. There are not English-speaking guides on all the routes

B A four-year-old boy has become a pen-pal(笔友) of Britain‘s Queen Elizabeth. Tom started exchanging letters with the queen after he set frè re a balloon, carrying his name and address, at a school party and it landed to the grounds of Windsor Castle. The queen noticed the balloon and asked her personal assistant, Angela, to write a letter on her behalf. She wrote, ―The queen was delighted to find that your balloon had travelled all the way to the garden at Windsor Castle.‖ Tom, who proudly put the letter on his wall, wrote back to say that his great, great grandfather, the artist Johannes, had been commissioned(委托) to copy Dutch masters works on display at Windsor Castle and Buckingham Palace. Angela at once replied that she would contact the Royal Collection to find out what had happened to the art works. She kept her word and two days later wrote to Tom to tell him what had happened to the

etchings, explaining they now form part of the print collection in the print library. Angela then asked a favor of Tom, writing, ―Would you be able to ask your Mummy and Daddy for me if they know anything more about your great, great grandfather? Royal Collection would love to know more about him.‖ Along with his parents, Tom wrote back to fill in all the gaps about Johannes. Tom‘s parents were touched that the queen had taken time to contact them, saying, ―It‘s unbelievable they bothered replying at all.‖ 60 Which of the following statements is true? A Windsor Castle is a playing ground. B Windsor Castle is the queen‘s home. C Windsor Castle is a famous post office D Windsor Castle is a beautiful rose garden. 61 How did the queen get to know Tom? A By chance B By exchanging letters C By Tom‘ s grandfather D By the queen‘s secretary 62 What does the word “etchings” in Para 4 mean? A Photos B Cartoons C Postcards D Paintings

63 Which would be the best title? A A Boy‘s Good Luck B Tom‘s Special Balloon C A Story at Windsor Castle D Four-year-old Boy Became the Queen‘s Pen Pal C Hundreds of people from across Huddersfield turned out to celebrate World Mental Health Day at a Festival of Wellbeing at Huddersfield University on Friday. The festival, which aimed to deal with the stigma(污名) that surrounds mental illness, included laughter therapy(治疗) workshops, a performance from the Hoot guitar orchestra and some street theatre by some of the university‘s drama students. Visitors also enjoyed arts and crafts sessions, free therapies, an art exhibition, music from DJ Alix Brains,

head and hand massages(按摩) and yoga. Stalls(展位) and displays helped people learn how to look after their own mental wellbeing(健康) and there was information for families of people with mental health problems. David Henry who went along to the event said, ―The day has helped to build up people‘s self confidence and has been a really nice event. I wish I could do this every year.‖ Alex Feather who helped to organize the event said, ―There has been something here for everyone. We hope every person who came along has taken something positive away with them.‖ Steven Michael, chief executive (主管) of the South West Yorkshire Mental Health NHS Trust, which organized the event, said, ― The fact that so many people, including members of our organization have turned up, shows their commitment to an enthusiasm for the mental health agenda(议程). There has been such a lively and heated atmosphere and it is a great approach to dealing with the stigma(污名).‖ 64. According to the text, visitors to the festival can ________. A cure their mental illnesses B join college students in all activities C learn how to look after their own mental wellbeing D know much about Huddersfield University 65. From the text we can conclude that the festival is ________. A popular B fun C laughable D surprising 66 Who was in charge of the organization of the festival? A Huddersfield University B David Henry C Alex feather D Steven Michael 67 What can we infer from the passage? A some people suffer from the mental illness. B Modern people usually lead a busy life. C Nowadays, people enjoy good health care. D Mental wellbeing is of the first importance in life.

D Nine-year-old Barack Obama was looking through a magazine and he was shocked by a series of photos. The pictures were of a black man who destroyed his skin with chemicals that promised to make him white. For the first time, the African-American boy began to doubt who he was. However, now the boy who used to struggle with his identity doesn‘t see it as a problem any more, but an advantage for his successful career. Last week Obama made history by being elected as the first black president of the United States. He defeated John McCain in a landside victory(压倒多数的绝对胜利). Obama‘s story starts in opposite corners of the world. His white mother was born in the heartland of the US. His black father grew up in a tiny village in Kenya. They met during college in Hawaii, but his father left the family when Obama was just two years old and his mother moved to Indonesia. At 10, Obama moved back to live with his white grandparents in Hawaii. At his class, a white boy asked Obama if his father ate people. Out of embarrassment, Obama lied to his classmates that his father was a prince. ―I kept asking who am I and I ended up trying drugs and drinking,‖ Obama recalled. Things came to change after the young men made friends with those with a similar background at college. Their experiences back in Africa helped Obama to finally face up to his African origin. He worked hard to become a star at Harvard Law School and the third black senator(参议员) in US history. At the beginning of his campaign for the White House, few people viewed Obama favorably. Many doubted his unusual background, which left him neither ―black‖ enough nor ―white‖ enough. But Obama turned his pain of growing up into a tool to make Americans believ e: ― There‘s not a black America and a white America, a Latino American, an Asian America. There‘s the United States of America.‖ Barack Obama‘s victory is ― a historic victory that promised change and overcame centuries prejudice (偏见). His success accomplished Martin Luther King‘s dream that a man be judged not by the color of his skin, but by the content of his character‖, wrote ABC news. 68. The underlined word ―it‖ in Paragraph 3 refers to _______. A who he was B Obama‘s successful career C making him white D defeating John McCain 69. We can learn from the passage that ________. A Obama‘s parents come from the same country B the black man who destroyed his skin was Obama himself

C Obama was once troubled by his identity D Africa is where Obama was born 70. Which of the following is the correct order? a. being elected the first black president of the US b. returning to live with his grandparents c. becoming the third black senator in US history d. going to college e. going to Africa for his origin f. joining in the campaign for the White House A. b-e-d-c-f-a B. f-a-b-e-d-c C. a-b-e-f-c-d D. c-f-d-b-e-a

71. The best title of the passage would be _____. A The first president of the US B Martin Luther King‘s dream C A historic victory D. The history of African Americans D BEIJING, CHINA ( Reuters)—China and Russia will make a joint effort to explore Mars and one of its moons in 2009, Chinese media reported on Wednesday following an agreement to strengthen cooperation between the two ambitious(雄心勃勃的) space powers. A Russian rocket will lift a Chinese satellite and Russian exploration spaceship to survey Mars and Phobos, the biggest of the red planet‘s moons, China Daily reported, declared by China‘s National Space Administration. The announcement fol lowed an agreement signed on Monday in Moscow, which Chinese President Hu Jintao has been visiting. A Chinese space official said the agreement would strengthen cooperation between China and Russia, both eager to expand their presence in space as the United States seeks to keep its lead. ―It shows the two sides have taken a key step forward to working on a large space program,‘ said the official, according to China Daily.The small Chinese satellite will explore Mars while the Russian spaceship will land on Phobos to explore the environment and dig soil samples(样品). In 2003, China put a man in space, becoming only the third county to achieve the feat (功绩) after the United States and the Soviet Union(前苏联). It launched a second manned space flight last year and plans

to land a person on the moon. The United States has announced its own plans to expand exploration of Mars and send a manned spaceship there. Washington scolded Beijing in January for testing an anti-satellite missile (导弹、 飞弹)that destroyed an old Chinese satellite, scattering(散落) debris(碎片) that could damage other satellites. 72. The underlined word ―Phobos‖ in the passage refers to _____. A. a Chinese satellite B. a Russian spaceship C. a moon of Mars D. the biggest planet in space 73. When was the news reported according to the passage? A. Two days after the agreement was signed. B. On Monday when President Hu was visiting Russia C. On the date of agreement being signed in Moscow D. In 2003 when a Chinese spaceman was put in space. 74. The cooperation program in space tells us that ____ in 2009. A. China and Russia will jointly send up a spaceship to explore Mars B. a Chinese satellite will be sent up by a Russian rocket to explore Mars C. a Chinese satellite and a Russian spaceship will be sent up to land on Mars D. a Russian spaceship will be sent up to land on Phobos and explore its moon 75. The last paragraph implies that the United States _____. A. opposed the cooperation n space between China and Russia B. fears that China will be a threat to it in space exploration C. feels that it has fallen behind China in space exploration D. expands exploration of Mars to prevent China developing missiles

第二卷(共两节,满分 35 分) 第四部分:写作 (共三节,满分 35 分) 1. 短文填词(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示 2)首字母提示 3)语境提示,在每个空格内填入

一个适当的英语单词,并将该词完整的写右边相对应的横线上,所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。 Dear Sir, I‘m a senior high school student. I was caught _______(作弊) in the exam and got __________(惩罚).I know I was totally wrong and now I f__________ so ashamed. To my teachers, I was once an outstanding student. I did well ______ my school work most of time. In __________, I worked hard in the student union. Before the exam, I had a strong d__________ to get a good mark to please my teachers. Now I regret ________ I have done, though I know the result can‘t be __________(改变). Recently I‘m t___________ by the disturbing problem. I just dare not tell my parents about it and I‘m worried about my ________(将来) What should I do? Jimmy 2. 句子翻译 (共 10 个空格,满分 10) 1_____________ 2______________ 3__________ 4_____________ 5_____________ 6_____________ 7____________ 8____________ 9____________ 10_____________

1 英格兰大至分为三个区。England is __________ roughly _______ three zones. 2 哥白尼 1543 年临终才出版了他的理论。 Copernicus published his theory as he _________ __________ in 1543. 3 这家博物馆每年都以其奇妙的珍宝吸引了众多游客。 This museum _________ many visitors _________ its wonderful treasures every year 4 只有把太阳放置在太阳系的中心位置,其它行星的运动才解释得通。 Only if you put the sun at the centre of the solar system did the movements of the other planets in the sky __________ _________. 5 英国由英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰和北爱尔兰组成。 The UK __________ ________ England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. 3. 书面表达(满分 15 分) 学校举办看图征文,请以 How to Protect Your Eyesight 为题写一篇 110 词左右的英语短文, 指出图中所反映 的现象;简单分析成因;从阅读时间长短、光线是否 充足、眼保健操、睡眠等方面提出四条保护视力的建

议和方法。

注意: 1 语句通顺,意思连贯,符合英语表达习惯,

字迹工整。 2 每段开头已给出,不计入总词数。
参考词汇:near-sighted 近视

faint light 昏暗的光线 How to Protect Your Eyesight

As we can see from the picture, most of the students… Some students spend too much time… Here are some suggestions on how to protect your eyesight. …

参考答案
单选 15%:21-35 ABDDC CCBAD BCDAA 完形 30%:36-55 BDCDB CABDB CBDAC DCABC 阅读 40%:56-75 BDAD BADD CADA ACAC CABB 第一节 10% 1 cheating 6 desire 第二节 10% 1 divided, into 2 lay dying 3 attracts, with 第三节 15% Possible version How to Protect Your eyesight 4 make sense 5 consists of 2 punished 7 what 3 feel 4 in 5 addition

8 changed 9 troubled 10 future

As we can see from the picture, most of the students have to wear thick glasses because they are near-sighted. Some students spend too much time watching TV or playing computer games. Sometimes there are so many exercises to do that they have to keep writing for long hours. As a result, the poor eyesight is becoming a serious problem. Here are some suggestions on how to protect our eyesight. First of all, don‘t keep reading or writing for too long. Take a break from time to time while doing your homework. Secondly, remember not to read in faint light, which will do harm to your eyes. Thirdly, doing eye exercises every day is a good way to relax your eyes. Finally, keep in mind that having a good sleep is help ful if you want to keep good eyesight. 书面表达评分标准: 1 要点是否全面:现象 1 分,成因 2 分, ,四条建议共 8 分(每条建议 2 分) 2 语篇及词汇:准确性、连贯性、得体性共 3 分 3 书写是否工整,卷面是否整洁 1 分


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