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【高考聚焦】2014届高三英语一轮复习综合训练 语法篇 第5节 名词与主谓一致 Word版含解析]


1.The students in our school each ______ an English dictionary. A. have B. has C. had D. are having 【解析】A 句意:我们学校的每个学生都有一本英语字典。主语为 the students, 所以 谓语动词要用复数。each 在本句中为同位语。比较:Each of the stude

nts in our school has an English dictionary. 2.Nobody in our office but Lily and Lisa ______ the conference to be held next Sunday. A. have attended B. has attended C. are to attend D. is to attend 【解析】D 句意:我们办公室里除了莉莉和利萨之外没有人要去参加在下周日举行的 会议。next Sunday 说明句子需要使用一般将来时态,故排除 A、B;由介词 but 连接两个名 词(短语)作主语时,后面的谓语动词的单复数取决于 but 前面的名词(短语)的单复数情况, 故本题的谓语动词用单数形式。 3.Large amounts of medicine ______ sent to the floodstricken area in the last few days. A. were B. was C. has been D. have been 【解析】D 句意:在过去的几天里,大量的药物已经被送到洪灾区。在使用了短句 in the last few days 的句子中常常用现在完成时态;短语 large (huge, good, great) amounts of 意 为“许多, 大量的”, 后接不可数名词, 修饰主语时, 谓语动词要用复数; “a large (great, good) amount of+不可数名词”作主语时,谓语动词一般用单数。 4.It is reported that many a new house ______ at present in the disaster area. A. are being built B. were being built C. was being built D. is being built 【解析】D 句意:据报道,现在许多新房屋正在灾区兴建。由 at present 可知本句要 用现在进行时态,而当“many a +可数名词单数”作主语时,表示复数意义,谓语动词要 用单数形式。 5.Listening to loud music at rock concerts ______ caused hearing loss in some teenagers. A. is B. are C. has D. have 【解析】C 句意:在摇滚音乐会上听嘈杂的音乐造成一些青少年听力受损。动名词短 语作主语时,谓语动词用单数。根据句法结构,此处应用主动语态。 6.The village is far away from here indeed. It's ______ walk. A. a four hour B. a four hour's C. a fourhours D. a four hours' 【解析】D 句意:那个村离这里确实远,步行要 4 个小时。four hours 后有名词,要 用名词所有格,作名词 walk 的定语。 7.—Where is your brother? —At ______. A. Mr. Green's B. Mr. Green C. the Mr. Green's D. the Mr. Green 【解析】 A 句意: ——你兄弟在哪里?——在格林先生家。 相当于 At Mr. Green's house。 8.It's said that an iron and steel works, with some big stores, ______ to be built here quite soon. A. was B. were C. is D. are

【解析】C 句意:据说一座钢铁厂连同一些大商店将很快在此建成。根据前面的冠词 an 可知该主语从句的主语是单数形式。with some big stores 只是介宾短语作修饰语,对谓语 动词的形式无影响,故谓语动词用单数形式。又根据 soon 可知用一般将来时。 9.Studying for six years in the middle school ______ greatly beneficial to you and all the subjects taught in class ______ basic tools for your future life. A. is;are B. is;is C. are;are D. are;is 【解析】A 句意:在中学学习 6 年对你来说是非常有益的;课堂上教授的所有科目对 你未来的生活来说都是基本的工具。前一个分句的主语 Studying for six years in the middle school 是一个动名词短语,视为单数,谓语动词要用单数;后一个分句的主语 all the subjects 是复数形式,后面的动词要用复数形式。 10.Some equipment as well as a number of maps and books ______ to the area since the earthquake occurred. A. has been offered B. have been offered C. is being offered D. are being offered 【解析】A 句意:自从地震发生以来,(人们)已经给这个地区提供了一些设备和大量 的地图、书籍。equipment 是一个不可数名词,故谓语动词使用单数形式。含有 since 的句子 要使用完成时态,故选择 A 项。 11.A single pipeline ______ all the houses with water. A. is served B. serves C. are serving D. serve 【解析】B 句意:只有一条管道给这里所有的房子供水。pipeline“管道”。主语是单 数,故后面动词要用单数形式;它与 serve 之间是主谓关系,要使用主动语态,故空格处填 serves。 12.To little Mike's surprise, lying on the desk ______ some of his favorite toy cars he had longed for. A. are B. was C. were D. is 【解析】C 句意:令小迈克惊讶的是,他一直希望得到的最喜欢的一些玩具汽车正摆 在这个桌子上。 本句正常的语序是: To little Mike's surprise, some of his favorite toy cars he had longed for were lying on the desk. “some of his favorite toy cars”是句子的主语;“he had longed for”是定语从句,修饰 cars;再根据句子意思可知,应该选 C 项。 13.Liu Wei is the only one of the pianists who ______ the piano without his hands in the world. A. plays B. have played C. play D. has played 【解析】A 句意:刘伟是世界上唯一不用双手弹奏钢琴的钢琴师。在“one of+复数 名词+定语从句”中如果 one 前有 the only /very /right 等修饰词, 定语从句中的谓语动词应 该用单数形式。因描述的是一般性事实,故选 A 项。 14.The police ______ for the wolf when it suddenly appeared in small farm yard. A. has been searching B. have been searching C. were searching D. was searching 【解析】C 句意:警察正在寻找那条狼,这时它突然出现在一个农家小院。police 是 复数集合名词,谓语动词用复数形式。本句是 sb. was doing sth. when…句型,表示“某人正

在做某事,这时……”。 15.So far so good. All ______ present and all ______ going on well. A. is;are B. is;is C. are;is D. are;are 【解析】C 句意:到目前为止一切很好。所有的人都在场,而且一切进展顺利。前一 个 all 指的是所有的人,所以谓语动词用复数形式;后一个 all 指的是一切事情,因此用单 数谓语动词。 16.More than one student, along with some parents, ______ quizzed for information on the reference book so far. A. was B. were C. have been D. has been 【解析】D 句意:到目前为止,不止一个学生,还有一些家长被问及有关参考书的信 息。句中时间状语 so far 表明用现在完成时态,排除 A、B。 “X+with/along with/together with/as well as/rather than/as much as/but/except+Y”作主语时,谓语与 X 在数上保持一致。 又 more than one 修饰单数可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式,故选 D。 17.Miss Smith is a friend of ______. A. Mary's mother's B. Mary's mother C. mother's of Mary D. Marys mother's 【解析】A 句意:史密斯小姐是玛丽母亲的一位朋友。根据题意,应用名词双重所有 格表达“部分”概念,即“玛丽母亲的朋友中的一个朋友。” 18.Buried in StratforduponAvon ______ the remains of Shakespeare, ______ in the center of England. A. was;locating B. was;located C. were;locating D. were;located 【解析】D 句意:莎士比亚的遗体就埋葬在坐落于英格兰中心的埃文河畔斯特拉特福 镇。 句子正常语序是: The remains of Shakespeare ______ buried in StratforduponAvon, ______ in the center of England. 句子的主语是 the remains, 用作复数;be located 是固定短语,表示 “坐落于……”。 19.Many a company ______ to help the peasant worker since his deeds were reported. A. has been offered B. have been offered C. has offered D. have offered 【解析】 C 句意: 自从那个农民工的事迹被报道后, 很多公司主动提出帮助他。 “many a +单数名词”表示“很多”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。company 与 offer 之间是 主谓关系,又由 since 从句可知应用现在完成时,故选 C 项。 20.Forty percent of the land in the village ______ been flooded and the majority of the villagers ______ moved to safe places. A. has;has B. have;has C. has;have D. have;have 【解析】C 句意:整个村庄 40%的土地被洪水淹没,大部分村民已经转移到安全的地 方。“分数/百分数+of+名词”作主语时,谓语动词的数与短语中 of 后的名词的数保持一 致,the land 是不可数名词,故谓语动词用单数形式。the majority of the villagers 表达复数意 义,故谓语动词用复数形式。所以选 C 项。 21.Some modern teaching equipment as well as hundreds of computers ______ to ten Hope Schools in South China. A. were sent B. was sent C. have sent D. had been sent

【解析】B 句意:一些现代化的教学设备连同成百上千台电脑被送到了华南的 10 所 希望学校。本句的主语是 equipment,是不可数名词,所以谓语动词用单数形式。过去完成 时表示动作发生在过去的过去,因此 D 项不恰当。 22.What the remote areas need most ______ education to children and what the children need ______ good textbooks at the moment. A. was;were B. are;is C. is;are D. were;was 【解析】C 句意:边远地区最需要的是孩子们的教育,而孩子们目前需要的是好的教 科书。本题考查主谓一致,首先根据题干可以判断出本句话的时态为一般现在时,第一空后 的 education 为不可数名词,故使用 is,第二空后 good textbooks 为可数名词复数,故使用 are。 23.The number of foreign friends visiting the Summer Palace ______ rising steadily since 2000. A. is B. were C. has been D. have been 【解析】C 句意:自从 2000 年以来,游览颐和园的外国友人的数量一直在稳步上升。 “a number of +可数名词复数”作主语时, 其后的谓语动词应该用复数; “the number of + 可数名词复数”作主语时,其后的谓语动词则应该用单数;since 从句用过去时,主句要使 用完成时态。 24.A study has found that 80% of the people who ______ to be constantly distracted ______ more “working memory”. A. appears;have B. appear;has C. appears;has D. appear;have 【解析】D 句意:一项研究表明 80%经常走神的人有更多的工作记忆。第一个空格处 的主语是代指 the people 的,而 people(人们)是集合名词,动词用复数;who 代指由百分数 修饰的名词作主语时, 要根据这个名词的单复数确定其后谓语动词的单复数。 第二空格处的 主语是“80% of the people”,故谓语动词用复数形式。 25.Either you or the headmaster ______ the prizes to those gifted students at the meeting. A. is handing out B. are to hand out C. are handing out D. is to hand out 【解析】D 句意:会上,要么是你,要么是校长将为那些有天资的学生发奖。表示将 来理应发生的事或计划,可用 be to do 结构。the headmaster 离谓语近,故选 D。


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