Unit 1 Cultural relics
(2012·天津高考 ) 假设你是李津 , 你的美国朋友 Chris 就读
于天津某国际学校。他热爱中国文化, 特别是戏曲文化。8月5 日下午2：00在新落成的天津大剧院将上演越剧《梁山伯与祝 英台》。请你根据以下提示 , 用英语给 Chris
☆提出观剧后活动建议(如参观附近的博物馆或美术馆等)； ☆请求对方回复。 参考词汇: 越剧Shaoxing Opera; 《梁山伯与祝英台》Butterfly Lovers; 天津大剧院Tianjin Grand Theater
Dear Chris, I have good news to tell you. I’d like to invite you to see Butterfly Lovers, a famous Chinese Shaoxing Opera, which is to be put on at the newly built Tianjin Grand Theater at 2: 00
p. m. on August 5th. As your close friend, I know you take a
great fancy to Chinese culture, especially opera culture. ①This opportunity will not only make you happy, but also satisfy your interest in Chinese operas.
Of course, besides going to the theater, ②we can visit the museum or the art gallery nearby, which can enrich your knowledge about Chinese traditional operas. I’m sure that we will have a good time. I’m looking forward to receiving your reply. Yours,
【尝试运用】 词汇翻译 上演
put on ______
newly built __________ take a great fancy to __________________ satisfy one’s interest __________________
非常喜欢 满足某人的兴趣 丰富某人的知识
enrich one’s knowledge _____________________
句型转换 (1)句①改为倒装句 Not only will this opportunity make you happy, but also satisfy _____________________________________________________ your interest in Chinese operas. ____________________________ (2)句②改为不定式作状语 We can visit the museum or the art gallery nearby to enrich ___________________________________________________
your knowledge about Chinese traditional operas. ___________________________________________
Ⅰ. 单词盘点 核心速记
rare (adj. ) 1._____ design (n. ) 2. ______ (vt. )
fancy (adj. ) 3. _____
remove (vt. ) 4. _______
former (adj. ) 5. _______ worth (prep. ) 6. ______
(adj. ) local adj. ) 7. _____( sink vi. ) 8. ____( debate (n. ) 9._______ (vi. )
［古］值钱的 本地的；当地的 下沉；沉下 争论；辩论 争论；辩论
联想串记 valuable adj. )贵重的；有价值的→_____( value n. &vt. )价值； 10. ________( invaluable adj. )极有用的；极宝贵的 重视→_________( survive vi. )幸免；幸存；生还→survival 11. _______( _______(n. )生存；幸存
survivor n. )幸存者 →________( amazing adj. )令人吃惊的 amaze vt. )使吃惊；惊讶→________( 12. ______(
amazed adj. )吃惊的→__________( amazement n. )惊奇 →_______( selection n. )选择；选拔 select vt. )挑选；选择→________( 13. _____(
decorate v. )装饰；装修→__________( decoration n. )装饰品 14. ________( doubt n. )怀疑；疑惑(vt. )怀疑；不信→________( doubtful adj. )怀 15. ______(
evidence n. )根据；证据→_______( evident adj. )明显的；清楚的 16. ________( explode vi. )爆炸→_________ explosion (n. )爆炸 17. _______( informal adj. )非正式的→______( formal 反义词)正式的 18. ________(
1. 属于 belong to ________ in return ________ at war ______ take apart _________ rather than __________
3. 处于交战状态 4. 拆开 5. 而不是
6. in search of 7. serve as
少于 _____ 看重；器重 ___________ 培养对??的兴趣 _________________
8. less than
9. think highly of 10. develop an interest in
1. could not/never have done
could never have Frederick William Ⅰ, the King of Prussia, _______________ imagined 绝不可能想到) that his greatest gift to the Russian ________( people would have such an amazing history. 2. There is no doubt that. . . There is no doubt that 毫无疑问) the boxes were then put on ____________________( a train for K?nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.
what happened 所发生的一切)to the Amber Room After that, ______________( remains a mystery.
4. which+不定式 which eyewitnesses to believe In a trial, a judge must decide _________________________ and which not to believe 哪些证人的话可信, 哪些不可信). _____________________(
Ⅳ. 语篇完形 The Amber Room, one of the greatest wonders of the took ten years to make. In world, was a great work that 1. ____ as 1716, the Amber Room was given to the Russian people 2. __ a gift of friendship by Frederick William Ⅰ, who loved best
itself In Russia, the soldiers more than the Amber Room 3. _____.
reception hall for important room first served as a small 4. _________
visitors. Unfortunately, the Amber Room disappeared when
at war and now nobody the Nazi army and Russia were 5. __ knows what happened to it. In 2003, however, a new Amber built by the Russians and Germans on the basis of Room, 6. _____
ready for the people of St Petersburg old photos, was 7. _____ to 8. celebrate ________ the 300th birthday of their city.
1. 选用框中词汇的适当形式完成句子 in search of, worth, be removed from, survive, belong to survive the ship accident because (1)Unluckily, the girl didn’t _______ of the serious injury. worth seeing a second (2)The film is so interesting that it is ______ time. be removed from school just because (3)Teenagers shouldn’t ________________ they fail to study their lessons well.
belonging to the cat family. (4)A tiger is a large fierce animal ___________ search of some (5)The two reporters were moving around in __________
2. 选用句型透视中的句式仿写句子 (1)没有艰辛的训练, 这位运动员根本不可能赢得这场比赛。 Without hard training, the player could never have won the ___________________________________________________ game ______.
(2)毫无疑问, 没有快乐生活将是空虚和毫无意义的。 There is no doubt that life will be empty and meaningless _________________________________________________ without happiness ________________. (3)他留给我们印象最深的是他的幽默。
What he has impressed us most is his humour ________________________________________. (4)还没有确定要选哪个城市来举办运动会。
It has not been decided which city to host the game ____________________________________________.
核 心 考 点
evidence in return
3年 3考 3年 2考
1. survive vt. 比??活得长；幸免于；从(困境中)挺过来
(1)A survive B (by. . . )A比B活得长?? survive sth. survive on survive from (2)survivor survival 幸免于；从??中挺过来/活过来 依靠??生存下来 从??中存活下来；流传下来 n. 幸存者 n. ［U］幸存；［C］残存物
①(2011·江西高考)The danger exists, but knowledge can help human beings to survive.
②Some strange customs have survived from earlier times.
survived ___ the ________, accident but nobody knew how ③The couple ________ survived Finally he ________ survived his wife ___ by ten years. they ________. 这对夫妇在这场事故中幸免于难, 但是没有人知道他们是如何 幸免于难的。最后他比他的妻子多活了10年。
The little girl was the only survivor who survived the strong
earthquake. She told the reporter that she had to survive on little food during the days when she was buried. I think her survival was a real wonder. 这个小女孩是这场大地震中唯一的幸存者。她告诉记者她在 被埋的日子里只能依靠很少的食物生存。我想她的幸存真是 一个奇迹。
2. remove vt. & vi. 移动；搬开；搬家；脱掉；摘掉；消除；
remove. . . from. . . remove from. . . to. . . remove sb. from school remove one’s doubt/trouble 把??从??移开 从??搬到?? 开除某人；勒令某人退学 消除某人的疑虑/烦恼
①Being busy in his garden has removed his trouble.
②Three children were removed from the school for bad behaviors. 三个孩子因为行为不检被学校开除。 removed the workers _____ from the ③The busy work has ________ homesickness. 繁忙的工作消除了工人们的思乡之情。
3. worth prep. 值得的；相当于??的价值 n. 价值；作用adj. ［古］值钱的 词条 搭 配 意 义
be worth+n. be worth doing
值得??, 值?? 值得被做 值得做??
It’s worthwhile doing/to do. . .
搭 配 be worthy of+n.
值得?? 值得被做 值得被做
be worthy of being worthy done
be worthy to be done
注意：worth一般只作表语, 可用程度词well修饰；而worthy 和worthwhile既可作表语又可作定语
①You may not succeed, but it is worth a try. 你可能不会成功, 但(这)值得一试。 ②The new car cost me a large sum of money, but it is really worth it.
His suggestion is worth considering.
consideration =His suggestion is worth ____________. consideration =His suggestion is worthy of ____________. being __________. considered =His suggestion is worthy of _____
to ___ be considered =His suggestion is worthy __ __________. considering ___ his _________. suggestion =It is worthwhile __________
to ________ consider ___ his _________. suggestion =It is worthwhile __
4. evidence n. 根据；证据
(1)There is some evidence that. . . 有证据证明……
in evidence (2)evident It’s evident that. . . 显眼, 显而易见 adj. 明显的, 明白的 很明显……
①There is some evidence that he was there on that night.
②The first signs of spring are in evidence. 春天的最初迹象已显然可见。 It __ is _______ evident ____ that Mo Yan is a genius in writing. ③__ 很显然莫言是个写作天才。
(2011·天津高考 )Modern science has given clear evidence
_______ smoking can lead to many diseases. A. what B. which C. that D. where
【解析】选C。考查名词性从句。句意：现代科学已给出了明 显的证据, 吸烟会导致许多疾病。smoking can lead to many diseases是evidence的内容, 从句是个完整的句子, 不缺成分, 是 evidence 的同位语从句。所以选引导词 that 。 what, which 和
5. in search of 寻找；搜寻；寻求
①(2011·福建高考)Twelve-year-old Roth becomes a friend of
Dr. Banting and his assistant, Mr. Best, who are in search of a
cure for diabetes. 12岁的罗斯成为班廷博士和他的助手百斯特先生的朋友, 他们 正在寻找治疗糖尿病的方法。
为介词短语, 表示“寻找”时, 在句中可作状语、 in search 定语、表语、宾语补足语等, 也可用in a/the/one’s of search for来替换
作及物动词表“搜查”, 宾语可以是人, 意为“对 某人进行搜身”, 如果宾语是表地点的名词, 则意 为“搜查某个地方”
意为“搜寻”, 常指花费很大的力气去寻找某个特 search for 定的人或物, 相当于look for search. . . 意为“为寻找??而搜查??” for. . .
searched the room for the file, but found nothing. ②He ________
search for job. Then he offered to take me to Royal Oak to _________a
searched his house. At that time some people broke into and ________
6. belong to 属于；为??的一员
(1)belong to 表 示 “ 是 ?? 的 财 产 ； 是 ?? 的 组 成 部 分 ；
是??的成员(属于)”。不用于被动语态和进行时态 (2)belong还可用于除to以外的其他介词或副词前面, 如in, on, among, under, with等, 表示“某人/某物处在适当的位置；在 这个地方正合适/有用”
①(2012·安徽高考)There is a wide variety of shoes and boots belonging to everyone from queens and presidents to pop stars and actors. 从女王、总统到流行歌星、著名演员等, 这儿都有属于他们的鞋 子和靴子。 ②This chair belongs in the living room.
③Professor Williams keeps telling his students that the future belongs __ to the well-educated. _______
7. in return 作为报答；回报
in return for
①An old man gave us some food and water but asked for return on the island. in ______ nothing __ 在那个岛上一位老人给了我们一些食物和水, 但没有要求任何 回报。
in ______ for his kindness. return ___ ②I invited him to dinner __
③He spends too much time on maths, and this in turn affects the progress of his other subjects. 他在数学上花的时间太多, 这反过来影响了他其他学科的进步。
(2010·江西高考) We give dogs time, space and love we can
spare, and _____, dogs give us their all. A. in all B. in fact C. in short D. in return
【解析】选D 。考查介词短语辨析。句意： 我们给狗我们所 能够抽出的时间、空间和爱, 作为回报, 狗给予我们它们的一 切。in all 总共； in fact 事实上；in short 简言之； in return 作为回报。
8. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for
K?nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the
Baltic Sea. 毫无疑问, 这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡, 当时德国 在波罗的海边的一个城市。 (1)There is no doubt that. . . 为固定句型 , 意为“毫无疑 问??”, that之后的从句为同位语从句, 说明doubt的内容。
no point(in) doing sth. 做某事没有意义
no need to do sth. 没有必要做某事 (2)There is+ a/no possibility that-clause有/没有可能?? a chance that有可能?? no hurry to do sth. 不急于做某事 (3)It is no use/no good doing sth. 做某事没有用处/好处 It is no wonder that-clause(=No wonder that-clause. . . )
There __ is ___ no ______ doubt _____we that ①______ did the right thing. 毫无疑问我们做得对。
② (2011·广 东 高考 )There can be little doubt that special
classes can help the gifted children to graduate earlier and take their place in life sooner. 毫无疑问, 特殊班级能够帮助这些有天赋的学生提前毕业, 更 早地在生活中找到他们的位置。
③There is no point (in) arguing with them about it. 和他们争论这事没有意义。 ④There is a possibility that the company will suffer a great
loss this month. 这个月公司有可能遭受巨大损失。
【想一想】doubt后从句中连词的选择是高考的重点。动脑想 一想, 在含有doubt的不同句式中如何选用连词？ 【参考答案】(1)当名词 doubt用在否定句中时 , 后面接 that引 导的同位语从句；用在肯定句中时 , 后面接 whether引导的同 位语从句。注意不可以用if替换whether。 (2)及物动词doubt后接名词、代词或宾语从句。在否定句和疑
问句中, doubt后面接that引导的宾语从句；在肯定句中, doubt
1. amazing adj. 令人吃惊的
①Our spacecraft succeeding in connecting Tiangong-Ⅰ space lab
is an amazing achievement.
②The girl is watching soldiers raising the national flag at the Tian’anmen Square in amazement. 女孩在天安门广场上正惊奇地观看士兵升起国旗。 were not _______ amazed __ at his ________ amazing To ___ his __________, amazement we _____ ③___ achievements. 让他感到吃惊的是, 他的令人吃惊的成绩没有使我们大为惊讶。
2. select vt. 挑选；选择 ①Nowadays many Chinese tourists like to select foreign countries for their holidays. 现在很多中国游客喜欢选择国外度假。 ②Daff was selected from the whole class to go on the trip.
【归纳】填写适当的介词 for . . select. . .____.
from . . select. . . _____.
Ⅰ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 amazed (amaze)at the number of people who visited 1. I am _______ the Forbidden City on Tuesday. designed 2. I arrived at the classroom with paper cards ________(design) in the shape of maple leaves. fancied (fancy) herself as a serious actress. 3. She _______ 4. Some drivers like to draw some special patterns as decorations (decorate) on their cars. __________
belonging (belong) 5. There is no doubt that these cultural relics _________
to the state should be returned.
removed (remove) the shelf out of the room. 6. They ________ evident 7. It is _______(evidence) that what he has said is true. exploded 8. Some firefighters put out the fire before the car ________ (explode). debated (debate) with each other about/on the 9. They _______ environment protection and economic growth. survived (survive) 10. His car fell into a deep valley. Luckily he ________ the accident.
1. Having searched for the ruined car for the victims, the
firefighters found that 14 people were killed in the car accident. 去掉第一个介词for。 ___________________ 2. Mother spent a long time in select a few hats for Mary, out of which Mary chose one she liked best. 把“select”改成“selecting”。 _____________________________
3. The project design to help the poor was a success. 把“design”改成“designed”。 _____________________________ 4. Decorated colorful ribbons and flowers, the classroom looked more charming and the students were ready to hold their party.
在Decorated 后加介词with。 __________________________
5. They eventually removed the new house they had looked forward to. 在removed 后加介词into。 ________________________
6. You doubted that such unselfish love would happen in today’s world. 把“ that”改成“whether/if” 。 _______________________ 7. Taken a radio apart, he didn’t know how to put it together again.
把“ Taken”改成“Having taken”。 _______________________________ 8. Having been attacked seriously by the storm, the ship slowly
sank the ocean. 在“ sank”后加“into”。 __________________
9. Mo Yan’s speech in Sweden was so wonderful that it was
worth being appreciated a second time.
把“being appreciated”改成“appreciating”。 ___________________________________________ 10. To be honest, I’m at a loss how to do next. 把“how”改成“what”。 ________________________
Ⅲ. 话题写作 先将下面几个句子翻译成英语, 然后连成一段小短文。 1. 众所周知, 文化遗产属于全人类而不是个人(individual)。 2. 为了寻找它们, 许多人付出了艰苦努力。 3. 其中一些文化遗产已遭破坏, 只有少数幸免于难。 4. 我们每一个人都应尽最大努力避免它们遭到破坏。
It’s well-known that cultural relics belong to the human
beings rather than individuals. A lot of people try their best to search for them. Some of them have been damaged while only a few survive. In order to avoid this, every one of us should make efforts, for there is no doubt that it is our duty to protect cultural relics.