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第一轮复习必修一 unit 3


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·必考话题3

语言学习(Ⅰ)

[写 作 必 备 ]
基础词汇 1.benefit v. 2.standard n. 3.master v. 受益 标准 精通;掌握

4.fluent adj.
5.expression n.

6.vital adj.

流利的
词语;表达 极重要的

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7.grasp v.
8.beneficial adj. 9.practise v. 10.be popular with 11.attitudes to learning

掌握
有益的 练习 受??欢迎 学习态度

12.develop one's interest

培养兴趣

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提分句型
1.It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.必须指出学习只能靠自己。 2.The more books we read,the more learned we become.我 们书读得越多,我们越有学问。 3.When speaking English I often feel nervous. 当讲英语时我常感到紧张。

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4.Only by doing so can you enlarge your vocabulary more easily. 只有这么做,你才能更容易地扩大你的词汇量。

5 . Having a good knowledge of Enghish can make our
dream come true.掌握好英语能使我们梦想成真。

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[美 文 赏 析 ]

素材示例

(2012·辽宁卷)假定你是某中学的学生李华。请用

英语给出版社的编辑写封信,表达你对现在使用的英语教材 的看法,内容主要包括: 优点:(1)话题广泛;(2)有助于提高学习兴趣。 建议:适当降低词汇难度。 注意: (1) 词数 100 左右; (2) 可以适当增加细节,以使行 文连贯;(3)开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。

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Dear Editor, As a student reader,I am writing to talk about the

English textbooks published by your
house._______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ Best regards,

Li Hua

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佳作播报 Dear Editor, As a student_reader , I am writing to talk about the English textbooks published by your house.

With more using of the English textbooks, we can find a
lot of benefits in them which are worth praising.Firstly there are a range of interesting topics chosen in them such as music, life,culture rather than① only boring science or politics.Moreover,you can also meet with a lot of colorful and meaningful pictures in the English textbooks which are very popular with us.
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Interested in the pictures,we are eager to learn the texts and
even do more work after class.We have collected some excellent pictures and are willing to share them with you if permitted.Nevertheless,well as the English textbooks were written②,we still find it difficult to master some words and

expressions.I urge that adaptations be made so that we can
have a better understanding of them.③ Best regards, Li Hua

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1.rather than而不是,通常用来连接并列结构。
[模拟] We will have a meeting in the classroom rather

than in the great hall. 我们是在教室里开会而不是在大厅里。 2....well as the English textbooks were written,...此句是as 引导的让步状语从句。 [模拟] Much as I admire him as a writer I don't like him

as a man.
他作为作家我虽然敬慕他,但作为人我不喜欢他。

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3 . urge 催促,力劝;后接宾语从句时,从句的谓语动词用

“(should)+动词原形”。
[模拟] He urged that the work(should)be done more carefully.他催促工作应该更加细心地完成。

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Ⅰ.核心单词 1.____________(n.& vt.)运送,运输 2.____________(vt.)说服,劝说 3.____________(n. & vt.)时间表,为某事安排时间

4.____________(n.)态度,看法
5. ________(vt.) 更喜欢;选择某事物 ( 而不选择其他事物 )→ ________(n.)偏爱;爱好

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6. ________(n.)不利条件;不便之处→ ________(反义词)有利条

件;优势
7. ________(vi.)毕业;(n.)大学毕业生→ ________(n.)毕业;毕业 典礼 8. ________(vt.)组织;成立→ ________(n.)组织者→ ________(n.) 组织→ ________(adj.)有组织的 有决心的→ ________(n.)决心

9. ________(vt.)决定;确定;下定决心 → ________(adj.)坚决的;

10. ________(adj.)可信赖的;可靠的→ ________(vi.)依靠;信赖

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答案

1.transport

2.persuade

3.schedule

4.atti-tude

5.prefer;preference 6.disadvantage;advantage
7 . graduate ; graduation organization ; organized determination 10.reliable;rely 8.organize ; organizer ; 9.determine ; determined ;

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—— 词不离句,句不离段 The journalist often says altitude relies on attitude.Since his graduation,he has turned many disadvantages into advantages for his being determined and even stubborn.It's

forecast that he will make a carefully organized journey to a
temple in a valley.All his parcels have been transported there ahead of schedule.

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Ⅱ.重点短语

1.改变主意
2.投降;屈服;让步 3.照常 4.张贴;搭建 5.在午夜

——————
—————— —————— —————— ——————

6.ever since
7.be fond of 8.care about 9.make up one's mind 10.at one point

——————
—————— —————— —————— ——————
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答案

1.change one's mind 5.at midnight

2.give in 6.从那以后

3.as usual 7.喜爱;喜欢

4.put up

8.关心;忧虑;惦念
时间;曾经

9.下决心;决定

10.在某处或某一

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—— 小试身手,聚焦短语 ①Emily is a nice girl.She does't care about money or fame. ②He went to study abroad after graduating from high

school last year.
③To keep the sheep out,the farmer had to put up a fence around the wheat field. ④My friend kept inviting me to stay for dinner,and finally I had to give in.

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Ⅲ.经典句式
1.强调句型(It was...who/that...“正是??”) __________________first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.(who)是 我的姐姐首先想到沿湄公河从源头到终点骑车旅游的。

2.insist+宾语从句(从句中谓语动词使用(should)do)“坚持??”
Although she didn't know the best way of getting to places, she ____________________________________.(organize) 尽管她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却坚持要把这 次旅游安排得尽善尽美。

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3.主语+be+adj.+不定式(主动形式表示被动意义)When I
told her ________________and it would be very cold, she said it would be an interesting experience.(breathe) 当我告诉她那里空气呼吸困难而且天气很冷时,她说这 将是一次有趣的经历。

4.no matter引导让步状语从句,“不管??”
A determined person always tries to finish the job , ____________________.(hard) 无论有多困难,意志坚定的人总是设法完成工作。

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5.so...that...如此??以至于?? At one point we __________________we found ourselves

cycling through clouds.(high)在某个时刻,我们发现自己
置身高处,仿佛骑车穿越云层。

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答案

1.It was my sister who

2.insisted that she organize the trip properly
3.the air would be hard to breathe 4.no matter how hard it is 5.were so high that

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—— 即时巩固,稳扎稳打 ①It was Hollande France.(become) who became the seventh president of

正是奥朗德成为法国第七任总统。
②The government insisted that plans (should)be made to

help people who are out of work.(insist) 政府坚持应该制订计划帮助失业的人。 ③The book is hard/difficult to understand;as a result,the

students lost interest.(understand)
这本书很难理解,结果学生们失去了兴趣。
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④ No matter how tired I am,I will insist on finishing the important task on time.(matter) 不管我有多累,我都会坚持按时完成这项重要任务。

⑤The mother walked so fast that her daughter couldn't keep
up with her.(walk) 妈妈走得太快,女儿都跟不上了。

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Ⅳ.必背句法——进行时表将来
用所给动词的适当形式补全下列句子 1.The Browns train next week. 2 . Some friends ________________(come)to Anne's ________________(go)to North China by

birthday party this evening. 3.My plane ________________(take off) at 9: 20, so I

must be at the airport by 8:30
答案 1.are going 2.are coming 3.is taking off/takes off

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—— 条分缕析,步步为营 ①They are moving to another city,so they are selling their

furniture.(move) 他们要搬家到另一个城市,所以他们正
在卖他们的家具。 ②My uncle is leaving for Beijing to attend a meeting.(leave) 我叔叔要到北京参加一个会议。

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[词 汇 精 解 ] prefer vt.更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物) (教材原句)Which kind of transport do you prefer to use:

bus or train?
你更愿意用哪种交通工具:汽车还是火车?

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prefer to do sth
prefer A to prefer doing sth to doing sth

宁愿干某事
B与B比更喜欢A,to是介词 比起做某事更喜欢做某事

prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿干某事而不干某事 prefer sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

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I prefer to read while my wife prefers singing to reading.

我喜欢读书,而我妻子喜欢唱歌不喜欢读书。
表示“宁愿做??而不愿做??”的句型还有: would do...rather than do... would rather do...than do...

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词语辨析

prefer...to,prefer...rather than 其中 to 为介词,prefer 和 to 的宾语均为 名词或动词ing 形式。 prefer 后跟带 to 的不定式, rather than 跟 不带 to 的不定式。

prefer...to prefer...rather than

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【一句辨异】
I prefer walking to cycling./I prefer to walk rather than cycle.I would rather walk than cycle. 我宁愿步行也不骑自行车。

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①I ________ live simply ________ waste the limited resources. 我宁愿过简单的生活也不愿去浪费有限的资源。

②I ________ my English classes ________ in English only.(句型
转换) = I prefer that my English classes English only. 我愿意我的英语课仅用英语来教授。 ________________ in

答案

①prefer to;rather than

②prefer;to be taught should

be taught
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persuade vt.说服,劝说

( 教 材 原 句 )Two years ago she bought an expensive
mountain bike and then she persuaded me to buy one. 两年前,她买了一辆昂贵的山地车,然后说服我也买了一 辆。

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persuade sb to do sth

说服某人做某事

persuade sb into doing sth
persuade sb out of doing sth persuade sb of sth

说服某人做某事
说服某人不做某事 使某人相信……

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①(2013·湖北·完成句子)Not having persuaded my parents, I failed to go to a drama school,where my interest lay.

由于没有说服我父母,我没能上戏剧学院,而那才是我的
兴趣所在。

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词语辨析

persuade,advise,convince 说服;劝服;使相信 劝说(不一定成功) try to persuade=advise

persuade advise convince

“使相信;信服;说服”,常用结构:convince sb of sth 或 convince sb that...

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【一句辨异】 Though I had advised her many times,I couldn't persuade her to go abroad with me because her life experience had

convinced/persuaded her that she could not live on without
her parents.

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②(2012·新课标卷,35)If she doesn't want to go,nothing you can say will ________her.

A.persuade
C.invite 答案 ②A

B.promise
D.support [考查动词辨析。句意:如果她不想去,你说

什么也不能说服她。persuade表示“说服”,后三项分别 表示“许诺”“邀请”“支持”,语义都不恰当。]

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determine vt.决定;确定;下定决心
(教材原句)She gave me a determine look—the kind that said she would not change her mind.她给了我一个坚决的 表情——那种表明她不会改变主意的表情。

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(1)determine on/upon determine(sb)to do sth (2)determined adj.

决定 (使某人)决定做某事 坚决的,有决心的

be determined to do sth
(3)determination n.

决心做某事
决心

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①I determined to see my first teacher that very afternoon.我

决定就在那天下午去看我的第一任老师。
【点津】 determine to do sth 表示动作,为非延续性动

词短语,不可与时间状语连用;be determined to do sth表 示状态,可与表示时间段的状语连用,类似的短语还有: prepare for/be prepared for ; worry about/be worried

about等。

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②The amount of rainfall __________________________. 降雨量决定着收成的好坏。

③Her encouragement ________________ the work.她的鼓励
使我决心把这项工作继续下去。 答案 ②determines the size of the crop ③determined me

to carry on with

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give in v.屈服,让步;投降;呈交

(教材原句)Finally,I had to give in.
最后,我只能让步了。

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give away give back

赠送,泄露,出卖,放弃(机会等) 归还

give up
give out give off

停止,放弃
送出,分发;用完,耗尽,精疲力竭 发出(光、热、气、味等)

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用give的相关短语填空
①Defeated by many failures,he finally ________. ②Jane tried to keep up a calm appearance , but her trembling voice ________her ________. ③The authorities have shown no signs of ________to the kidnappers' demand. ④Don't mention that at the beginning of the story,or it may

________the shocking ending.
⑤It is always the husband who ________first when a quarrel breaks out between the young couple.
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答案

①gave in/gave up ⑤gives in

②gave;away

③giving in

④give away

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make up one's mind 下决心;决定

(教材原句)Once she has made up her mind,nothing can
change it.一旦她下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。

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come to one's mind/head

突然想到

keep/bear sth in mind
change one's mind keep one's mind on sth out of one's mind

记住
改变主意 把注意力放在 不理智,发疯

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①After graduation,they made up their minds to go and settle in

the countryside.
毕业后他们决心到农村安家落户。 ② We shouldn't ______________ no matter what would happen. 无论会发生什么我们都不应该改变主意。 ③You must ______________that their customs are very different

from ours.
你必须记住,他们的风俗习惯跟我们的大不一样。 ④He ________what his father said ____________. 他牢牢记住了父亲的话。 答案 ②change our minds ③bear in mind ④kept;in mind
基础知识通关 考点归纳拓展

[句 式 诠 释 ] insist that从句“坚持??”

( 教材原句 )Although she didn‘t know the best way of
getting to places,she insisted that she organize the trip properly.虽然她对去某些地方的最佳路线并不清楚,她却 坚持要自己把这次旅游安排得尽善尽美。 (1)insist on/upon(doing)sth (2)insist on sb's doing sth 坚决要求(做)某事 坚持要求某人做某事

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【点津】insist后可加由that引导的宾语从句。当insist表示 “坚决认为??是对的”时,从句用陈述句语气;当insist表

示“坚决要求??,应该??”时,从句用虚拟语气,具体
结构用(should)+do。

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【一句辨异】

The boss insisted that the man had stolen the money and
insisted that he(should)leave the company at once. 老板坚持说那个人偷了钱并坚持要求他立刻离开公司。

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词语辨析 insist persist

insist,persist,stick to,insist on 强调坚持自己的主张或意见,通常用人作主语。 强调坚持某种行为,也可用物作主语,大多用于负面 的事。

stick to 多用于“坚持原则、计划、决定、诺言、理论”。 insist on 多用于“坚持意见、看法、主张”。

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①He insisted that we______________________________________. 他坚持让我们马上动身去上海。 ②Tom insisted that he ________________. 汤姆坚持说他从来没有偷过任何东西。

答案

①(should) leave for Shanghai at once

②had never stolen anything

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be+adj.+to do (教材原句 ) When I told her the air would be hard to

breathe and it would be very cold,she said it would be an
interesting experience. 当我告诉她那里空气稀薄,呼吸会很困难而且天气很冷时, 她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。 句中的不定式to breathe为主动形式表示被动意义。

用动词不定式的主动形式表示被动意义的几种情况:

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(1)主语+be+adj.+不定式 常 用 于 本 句 型 的 形 容 词 包 括 : easy , hard , difficuIt , interesting , heavy , pleasant , comfortable , safe , dangerous,impossible,strange等。 (2)主语+be+too+adj.+不定式

(3)主语+be+adj.+enough+不定式

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(4)have(give,show,get)sth to do 本句型中的不定式与前边的名词有动宾关系,又和句中另

一名词或代词构成主谓关系。
(5)It(This,That)+be+ a/an+ adj+ n.+to do在这种句型中, 不定式与前面的名词有动宾关系,动词不定式可改为动词 不定式复合结构。

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①They found the lecture of the professor ____________,so
they all felt sleepy. 他们觉得教授的讲座难以理解,于是他们都感到瞌睡。 ②The water in that river ________. 那条河中的水不宜饮用。

答案

①hard to understand

②is not fit to drink

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