主句、从句、关系词 例句：This is the boy who won the first prize in the English Speech Competition. 主句： 在含有定语从句的复合句中， 除去定语从句后 的部分， 是句子的主句。 (例句中， This
is the boy. 是主句。) 定语从句： 相当于形容词， 修饰主句中的一个名词或 代词 （有时修饰整个主句， 相当于主句的一个定 语。 (例句中，who won the first prize in the ） English Speech Competition 是定语从句， 修饰 the boy。) 先行词： 先行词就是被定语从句修饰的名词等， 它总 是出现在定语从句的前面。 (例句中，the boy 是先行词。) 关系词： 关系词指用来引导定语从句的词， 分为关系 代词和关系副词。(例句中，who 是关系代词。) 关系词的三个作用 作定语从句的一个句子成分。 起着连接主句和从句的作用（参看 P. 错误！未定 义书签。错误！未找到引用源。）。 代指被修饰的先行词。 （例句中，who 作定语从句 的主语，同时起着连接作用，在意思上，指代的是前 面的先行词 the boy。） 关系代词 指人时可以用 who, 也可用 that。 Do you know the boy who/that is my desk mate? The man who/that was killed in the accident is Tom’s uncle. 指物时可以用 which, 也可用 that。 I like visiting places which/that are not far away. How do you like the film which/that was shown last Sunday. whose 可以指人也可以指物。 He was a painter whose pictures were not well- known in his life time. The tree whose leaves are red was planted last year. 关系代词作宾语时可以省略。 I like the meal that/which / ( ) we had last night. Do you know the boy who/whom/that/( ) we talked about just now? 注：（）表示关系代词省略 关系副词 关系副词在从句中只能作状语。when 指时间， where 指地点， why 指原因， how 不能作关系词。 如： We will put off the picnic until next week when the weather may be better. He has reached the point where a change is needed. That is no reason why you should leave. This is the way how I did it. (how 不能作关系词) 基础过关 1. 用合适的关系词完成句子。 The man ______ /______ was here yesterday is a painter. The man ______ /______ /______ /______ I saw is called Smith. A child ______ parents are dead is called an orphan. I’d like a room ______ window looks out over the sea. A letter ______ /______ is written in pencil is hard to read. The letter ______ / ______ /______ I received from him yesterday is very important. That is the boy ______ / ______ / ______ / ______ you are looking for. Do you know the reason ______ he was late for the meeting？ This is the school ______ I used to study. I still remember the day ______ we met for the first time. 2. 用符号标出下列句子的主句、定语从句、先行词和 关系词。 主句：______ 定语从句:（ 先行词：先行词 关系词： ）
例：This is the book (that I have been looking for). The movie that we saw last night is very exciting. Have you bought the book which we talked about？ I still remember the day which we spent together last week. He still lives in the house whose windows face south. The boy whose father is a policeman speaks English most fluently in our class. The girl who you met was John’s sister.
There is no reason why we shouldn’t be friends. They arrived in the early morning when the sky was still dark.
The days were gone when we had to travel on horses. Is this the hospital where you were born?
选用哪个关系词， 关键是看关系词在定语从句中作 ．．．． 什么成分 含有定语从句的复合句可以分为两部分：主句 和从句。关系词是定语从句的一个成分。 选用关系词，要看关系词在定语从句中作什么成分， 而不是看先行词是什么词性。 He worked in the factory which produces TV sets. He worked in the factory where his father had worked. I like the school which is near to my home. I like the school where my sister studies. 在句 1 和句 2 中，先行词前都有 in, 但关系词有用 which 也有用 where 的； 在句 3 和句 4 中，先行词都是 the school, 但关系词 有用 which 也有用 where 的。 因此，我们可以看出，对关系词起决定性作用的并 不是先行词。 在句 1 和句 3 中，关系词在定语从句中都是作主语， 因此用的都是关系代词 which； 在句 2 和句 4 中，关系词在定语从句中都是作状语， 因此都是用关系副词 where。 我们可以看出，用哪个关系词，主要看关系词在定 ．．．．．．．．．．．．．．． 语从句中作什么成分。 ．．．．．．．．． 选用关系词的方法：一“找”二“还”三“替换” 找：就是找出主句、从句、先行词和关系词。 （参 看本章第 1 讲） 还：根据先行词提示的意思，大胆地把定语从句还 原(答疑 qq 329950885)为完整的一句话。 （可以添词） 找： （略） 还原：根据先行词的提示，这三句话的定语从句还原 成完整的一句话后分别为： I once studied at the school. The school is the most famous in the city. My father teaches English at the school. 粗斜体部分为根据先行词的意思把关系词还原后的 部分。 替换：根据 “对画线部分提问”的规则，1.和 3.用 where, 2.本该用 what, 在定语从句中该用 what 的要 换为 which/that。 因此，答案为：1.where；2. that/which；3. where 关系词一般要位于定语从句的句首 【2009 江西】The house I grew up ______ has been taken down and replaced by an office building. A. in it B. in C. in that D. in which 答案与分析：A 没有关系词，不能连接两句话；C 介 词后不能用 that；D 关系词一般不位于句末；而 B 可 以看作是关系代词作宾语、 放在句首并且省略了。 因 此选 B。 利用一“找”二“还”三“替换”的方法选择关系词 Is this the reason ______ he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. that B. what C. how D. why Is this the reason ______ he was so careless in his work? A. that B. what C. how D. why The reason ______ he didn’t come was ______ he was ill. A. why; that B. that; why C. for that; that D. for which; what
替换：用关系词替换定语从句中还原后添加的部 He lives in a village ______ is not far from the city. 分， 作主语和宾语用关系代词， 作状语用关系副词。 （时 A. which B. where C. what D. whose 间状语用 when，地点状语用 where, 原因状语用 why） He lives in the village ______ he was born. （同初中时做的“对画线部分提问”相似，该用 what 的 A. which B. where 时候用 which/that 即可） C. what D. whose 例如： In an hour, we travel to places ______ could have taken our ancestors days to reach. This is the school ______ I once studied. A. where B. when This is the school ______ is the most famous in the C. which D. what city. In an hour, we travel to places ______ we can relax I am studying at a school ______ my father teaches and get refreshed. English.
A. where C. which B. when D. what This is the factory ______ produces color TV sets. A. where B. the one where C. that D. in which 【2010 天津】—Can you believe I had to pay 30 dollars for a haircut? —You should try the barber’s ______ I go. It’s only 15. A. as B. which C. where D. that 【2011 陕西】I walked up to the top of the hill with my friend, ______ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. A. which B. where C. who D. that 【2011 福建】She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ______ allows them to communicate freely with each other. A. which B. where C. what D. who 【2012 江西】By 16:30, ______ was almost closing time, nearly all the paintings had been sold. A. which B. when C. what D. that
The place ______ interested me most was the Children’s Palace. A. which B. where C. what D. in which The place ______ he had a good time last Sunday was the Children’s Palace. A. which B. where C. what D. in where I’ll never forget the days ______ we studied together. A. that B. / C. when D. A and B I’ll never forget the days ______ we spent together. A. that B. / C. when D. A and B If we want to have a bright future, we must learn to act in ways ______ do not do harm to other living things. A. in which B. / C. how D. that
Is this the factory ______ color TV sets are produced? 【2013 山东】Finally he reached a lonely island A. when B. the one where ______ was completely cut off from the outside world. C. that D. in which A. when B. where C. which D. whom Is this factory ______ color TV sets are produced? A. which B. the one where C. that D. in which
只能用 that 不能用 which 的情况
VI. 【2010 浙江】 ______ that’s important is that you are doing your best and moving in the right direction. A. One B. All C. Everything D. Anything VII. There is no difficulty ______ can’t be overcome in the world. A. that B. which C. who D. what VIII. All the apples ______ fell down were eaten by the pigs. A. that B. those C. which D. what IX. You can take any seat ______ is free. A. that B. / C. which D. it
先 行 词 是 anything, everything 等不定代词时
关系代词一般只用 that，不用 which。 I. He never reads anything ______ is not worth reading. A. which B. as C. who D. that II. Is there anything ______ to you? A. that is belonged B. that belongs C. that belong D. which belongs III. 【2010 全国 2】I refuse to accept the blame for something ______ was someone else’s fault. A. who B. that C. as D. what 先行词是 all, much，little, none 或先行词被 all, much, little, no, any 修饰时 关系词只能用 that, 不能用 which。 All the people that are present burst into tears. IV. These people once had fame and fortune; now ______ is left to them is utter poverty. A. all that B. all what C. all which D. that all V. There is not much ______ can be done. A. that B. which C. what D. how
先行词被最高级、序数词以及 the first, the last, the very, the only, the same 修饰时 被这类词修饰时，关系代词常用 that，不用 which。 X. The most important thing ______ we should pay attention to is the first thing ______ I have said. A. which; that B. that; which C. which; which D. that; that XI. My watch is not the only thing ______ is missing. A. that B. it C. which D. who
XII. The TV play I watched last night is the best one ______ I have watched this year. A. which B. what C. whose D. that XIII. This is the very film ______ I’ve long wished to see. A. which B. that C. who D. whom XIV. I like the second football match ______ was held last week. A. which B. who C. that D. / XV. This is the last time ______ I shall come here to help you. A. that B. which C. when D. what XVI. It’s the third time ______ late this month. A. that you arrived B. when you arrived C. that you’ve arrived D. when you’ve arrived 先行词有两个，一个指人，一个指物，关系代词用 that
XVII. We’re talking about the piano and the pianist ______ were in the concert we attended last night. A. which B. whom C. who D. that XVIII. Both the girl and her dog ______ were crossing the street were hit by a coming car. A. which B. who C. they D. that XIX. All the passengers and suitcases ______ were still waiting on the broken down bus had to be transferred to another long distance bus. A. they B. who C. which D. that XX. He talked a lot about things and persons ______ they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. whom D. what 注意：关系副词不受这些规则的影响 只是(答疑 qq 329950885)在选用关系代词时才使 用这些规则。如： XXI. 【2010 福建】Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet ______ life has developed gradually. A. that B. where C. which D. whose XXII. This is the same house ______ her grandfather was born. A. that B. where C. which D. whose
关系代词直接放在介词后面时，要用 which，不用 that；要用 whom，不用 who A. which B. them whom C. that D.
【2011 湖南】 Julie was good at German, French and Russian , all of ______ she spoke fluently. A. who B. whom C. which D. that 【2008 湖南】The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors, ______ are beyond our control. A. most of them B. most of which C. most of what D. most of that This is the museum ______ we saw an exhibition the other day. A. that B. which C. where D. in that 【2009 全国 I】She brought with her three friends, none of ______ I had ever met before. A. them B. who C. whom D. these 【2010 浙江】The settlement is home to nearly 1,000 people, many of ______ left their village homes for a better life in the city. A. whom B. which C. them D. those 【2012 上海】 Have you sent thank-you notes to the relatives from ______ you received gifts?
引导非限制性定语从句时， 要用 which, who, whom, 不用 that，也不能省略
【 2008 浙 江 】 Yesterday she sold her car, ______ she bought a month ago. A. whom B. where C. that D. which 【2010 全国 1】As a child, Jack studied in a village school, ______ is named after his grandfather. A. which B. where C. what D. that 【2012 全国Ⅱ】 That evening, ______ I will tell you more about later, I ended up working very late. A. that B. which C. what D. when
当先行词前面有 which，who 等疑问代词时，为避 免重复，用关系代词 that 同理，当先行词是 that, those 时，常用关系代词 which 或 who。如：
What’s that which is under the desk？ 在桌子底下的那些东西是什么？ Which is the T-shirt that fits me most? He still talks like the man （that） he was ten years ago. 他谈起话来仍像十年前一样。 The train is the fastest train （that） there has ever been. 这列火车是有史以来最快的火车。 My typewriter is not the machine (that) it was. 我的打字机已不是过去的机器了。
第10章 Who is the person ______ is standing at the
gate of Beijing Tourism Tower? A. who B. that C. which whom thing? A. which B. who D.
第13章 She was no longer the woman ______ she was.
A. that B. which C. what D. who D. that
第11章 Who ______ has common sense will do such a
第14章 She is no longer the sweet girl ______ she used
to be. A. what B. who C. when D. that
第12章 Those ______ not only from books but also
through practice will succeed. A. learn B. who C. that learns D. who learn 关系代词在从句中作表语或 there be 结构中的实 意主语时, that 可指人或物，且通常省略 (概括为：在从句中位于 be 后。此条仅作了解)
当先行词为 one, ones, anyone, everyone, none, all(指人)时，关系代词常用 who Anyone who is against us is our enemy. 任何反对我 们的人就是我们的敌人。 All who heard the story were amazed.所有听到这个故 事的人都很惊讶。
whose 作关系代词可以指人也可指物，用作定语。 若指物， 它还可以同 of which 互换; 若指人， 则不 可与 of whom 互换 He lives in a house. Its window faces south. →He lives in a house whose window faces south. He lives in a house. The window of it faces south. →He lives in a house, the window of which faces south. →He lives in a house, of which the window faces south. He is the farmer. His son is studying in Qinghua University. 由于(答疑 qq 329950885)我们一般说 his son，不说 the son of him; 说 my book, 不说 the book of me, 因 此我们只能说: He is the farmer whose son is studying in Qinghua University. 而不能说：He is the farmer, the son of whom is studying in Qinghua University. 名词前有冠词 the 时用 of which, 名词前没有冠词 时用 whose ① I saw some trees ______ the leaves were black with disease. A. where B. of which C. in which D. whose ② 【2010 陕西】The old temple, ______ roof was damaged in storm, is now under repair. A. where B. which C. its D. whose ③ 【2011 全国 I】The prize will go to the writer ______ story shows the most imagination. A. that B. which C. whose D. what ④ 【2008 陕西】The man pulled out a gold watch, ______ were made of small diamonds. A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of C. which the hands of D. the hands of which ⑤ 【2009 安徽】Many children, ______ parents are away working in big cities， taken good care of in are the village. A. their B. whose C. of them D. with whom ⑥ 【2012 天津】 I wish to thank Professor Smith, without ______ help I would never have got this far. A. who B. whose C. whom D. which ⑦ 【 2013 福 建 】 The book tells stories of the earthquake through the eyes of those ______ lives were affected. A. whose B. that C. who D. which
as, but, than 用作关系代词
as 引导限制性定语从句 例题：I had never heard such an interesting story ______ you told me yesterday. A. that B. which C. as D. that/which 有些同学可能选择 D，这说明有关定语从句的 基本知识学得不错，但知识还是有漏洞。 要记住： 如果先行词被 such, the same, so+形容词+a/an， as+形容词+a/an 修饰时，这时关系词我们要用 as。 此时，as 同 that, who, which, whom 一样，是关 系代词，代指 the same, so, such 和 as 引导的短语， 常译作“正如，像” ，在定语从句中通常作主语、宾 语和表语。 在限制性定语从句中要用关系代词 as 的， 常见 的有以下四种情况： 先行词被 such 修饰时，构成“such…as…” 。 It’s such a heavy stone as nobody can move. （as 作宾语）那是一块重得没人能移得动的石头。 Don’t trust such men as praise you to your face. (as 作主语) 不要相信那种当面吹捧你的人。 先行词被 the same 修饰时， “the same…as…” 构成 。 We have arrived at the same conclusion as they have. (as 作宾语) 我们已得出和他们同样的结论。 This is the same watch as I lost. (as 作宾语) 这与我丢的那块表一样。 在 “as…as…” 句型中， 第一个 as 后面跟名词时。 它可以看作是 “as+形容词+as” 的一种变化形式。 He is as good as his brother. 他和他弟弟一样好。 这句话还可以表达为： He is as good a boy as his brother. It’s as pleasant a film as I have ever seen. (as 作宾语) 这是一部和我以往看的同样好的电影。 （参看 P 错误！ 未定义书签。 错误！ 未找到引用源。 ） 在“so+形+冠+n. + as”句型中 (He is so good a student as every teacher likes.) 它可以看作是先行词被 such 修饰时关系代词用 as （第一种情况）的一种变化形式。 He is such a good student as every teacher likes. 他是一个每个老师都喜欢的这样一个好学生。 用 so 可以表达为： He is so good a student as every teacher likes. （参看 P.错误！ 未定义书签。 错误！ 未找到引用源。 ） the same…as 与 the same…that the same…as 指同一类，the same…that 指同一个。 I bought the same car as yours.
我买的那辆汽车和你的一模一样。 This is the same bag (the very bag) that I lost yesterday. 这就是我昨天丢失的那个包。 That is the same man that asked for help the day before yesterday. 那就是前天来求助的同一个人。 such…as 和 such….that 的区别（该用定语从句还 是用结果状语从句） such…as “像……样的” ，as 引导的是定语从句, as 作句子成分； such…that“如此……以至于” ，that 引导的是结果状 语从句, that 不作句子成分。 判断办法： 如果后面成分完整，用 that 来引导结果状语从句； 如果后面句子成分不完整， 则用 as 来引导定语从句。 It was so difficult a problem ______ no one worked it out. （成分完整，结果状语从句, 填 that）译为： 这道题如此难以至于没有人算得出来。 It was so difficult a problem ______ no one worked out. （成分不完整，定语从句, 填 as）译为： 这是一道没有人能算出来的难题。 练习 He is such a lazy man ______ nobody wants to work with ______. A. as; him B. that; / C. as; / D. whom; him It wasn’t such a good present ______ he had promised me. A. that B. as C. which D. what These houses are sold at such a low price ______ people expected. A. like B. as C. that D. which He isn’t such a man ______ he used to be. A. who B. whom C. that D. as He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done. A. that B. which C. who D. as We should read such books ______ will make us better and wiser. A. when B. as C. whose D. what This is such a heavy box ______ I can’t move it. A. as B. that C. which D. whose Pop music is such an important part of society ______ it has even influenced our language. A. as B. that C. which D. where Last term our English teacher set so difficult an examination problem ______ none of us worked out. A. as B. that C. which D. whose
The man showed us so heavy a stone ______ no one can lift. A. that B. as C. which D and I received ______ nice a gift ______ my mother promised. A. the same; as B. as; as C. such; as D. the same; that I want to use the same tools ______ used in your factory a few days ago. A. as was B. which was C. as were D. which I have bought the same dress ______ she is wearing. A. as B. that C. which D. what I found the book just ______ I borrowed yesterday so I got it back at once. A. the same that B. the same as C. such as D. such that Tom did not take away the camera because it was just the same camera ______ he lost last week. A. which B. that C. whom D. as but 用作关系代词（选学内容） but 既可指人，也可指物，常在定语从句中充当 主语。 本身含 but “否定” 的意思， 其作用相当于 “that ／which ／who．．not” ． 。它前面的主句通常有“否 定”的词（如：no，not， little，few，hardly 等） 。 (为了快速培养语感，也可把 but 意译为“除了”)。 There is no mother but loves her own children. （＝There is no mother that／who does not love her own children. ）没有不爱自己孩子的母亲。 There is no man but feels pity for the starving children. 没有人不为这些饥饿的孩子感到同情。 There are very few but admire his talents.（but = who don’t）很少有人不赞赏他的才干。 There is no rule but has exception. 凡规则都有例外。 than 用作关系代词 （选学内容） than 在定语从句中作关系代词，在从句中可以 充当主语、宾语、表语，但仍以充当主语为多。在 定语从句中，它与关系代词 that 所起的语法作用是 差不多的，只是在翻译或解释时，要比 that 多一层 比较的意味。另外，由 than 含有比较意味可知，该 类定语从句的先行词前通常要有形容词的比较级形 式。如： You make more money than is intended to make.(主 语)你挣得的钱比预计的要多。 There were more casualties than was reported. 伤亡人数比报道的要多。 Newspapers and other media do more than simply record what happens. 报纸和其他媒体做的不仅仅是记录发生的事情。
as 作关系代词很有用（P. 错误！未定义书签。 ）
关系副词在定语从句中作状语 【2008 北京】 give you my friend’s home address, I’ll ______ I can be reached most evenings. A. which B. when C. whom D. where 【2008 安徽】All the neighbors admire this family, ______ the parents are treating their child like a friend. A. why B. where C. which D. that 【2009 重庆】Life is like a long race ______ we compete with others to go beyond ourselves. A. why B. what C. that D. where 【2012 重庆】Sales director is a position ______ communication ability is just as important as sales ability. A. which B. that C. when D. where 【 2012 浙江 】 We live in an age ______ more information is available with great ease than ever before. A. why B. when C. to whom D. on which 【2013 四川】Nowadays people are more concerned about the environment ______ they live. A. what B. which C. when D. where the way 作先行词 首先要确定 the way 在定语从句中作什么成分。 如果 the way 在定语从句中作主语或宾语， 要选用关 系代词。如： I don’t like the way ______ will cost too much money. The way ______ he thought of to solve the problem was not practical. 在句 1 中，the way 在定语从句中作主语，因此要填 关系代词 that/which。 在句 2 中，the way 在定语从句中作宾语，因此也要 用关系代词：that/which/省略。 如果 the way 在定语从句中作状语(定语从句还原后 是 in the way)，关系词用下面三种情况的任一种： ①in which；②that；③省略。
The way ______ he answered the question was surprising. A. how C. in which B. that D. / E. B/C/D
【2004 湖南】I work in a business ______ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance. A. how B. which C. where D. that 【2009 福建】 helpful to put children in a situation It’s ______ they can see themselves differently. A. that B. when C. which D. where In experiments ______ young teens are allowed to sleep as long as they want, they tend to sleep an average of hours. A. that B. which C. where D. when occasion(时机)作先行词时关系副词用 when It was a rare -indeed unique occasion when I was able to put Ritchie right. when 引导非限制性定语从句 It was an exciting moment for these football fans this year, ______ for the first time in years their team won the world cup. A. that B. while C. which D. when The rainbow can’t be seen at noon, ______ the sun is high in the sky. A. while B. when C. so D. that Christmas is the only time of the year, ______ men and women open their hearts freely and think of other people. A. while B. when C. so D. that We played in the garden till sunset, ______ it began to rain. A. when B. after C. while D. then
定语从句恢复为完整的一句话后为： answered the He question in the way. in the way 在定语从句中作状语，因此选 E。 The way ______ he looks at problems is wrong. A. which B. whose C. what D./ That is not the way ______ I do it. A. / B. which C. for which D. with which This is the only way ______ you can find. A. that B. / C. in which D. A, B and C E. A and B I don’t like the way ______ he spoke to his mother. A. that B. / C. in which D. A, B and C situation, case, point, business 等作先行词 【2007 江西】 After graduation she reached a point in her career ______ she needed to decide what to do. A. that B. what C. which D. where 【2009 浙江】 have reached a point in my life______ I I am supposed to make decisions of my own. A. which B. where C. how D. why 【2003 上海】I can think of many cases ______ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. why B. which C. as D. where 【2008 江西】Later in this chapter cases will be introduced to readers ______ consumer complaints have resulted in changes in the law. A. where B. when C. who D. which
关系代词的省略 关系代词作宾语时的省略 当关系代词在非限制性定语从句中用作动词 宾语或介词宾语，(答疑 qq 329950885)且关系 代词不直接位于介词后面时，可以省略。如： Is there anything (that) you want? 想要什么东西吗? Who is the man (that, who, whom) you were talking to? 刚才和你讲话的人是谁? 但是，如果是直接用于介词后作宾语或位于非限制 性定语从句中，则不可省略。如： This is the room in which I live. 这是我住的那间房间。 He met Mary at the party, whom he married a week later. 关系代词在从句中作表语或 there be 结构中作实 意主语时 用关系代词 that, that 可指人或物，且常省略。如： China is not the country (that) it was in the old times. 中国已不是旧时代的中国了。 The old man is not the man (that) he was. 这个老人 已不是以前那个样子了。 The wisdom she gave me has helped shape the person I am today. 她给我的智慧把我塑造成现在的样子。
This is the fastest computer （that） there has ever been.这是有史以来运算最快的计算机。 关系副词的省略 关系副词 when 的省略 用作时间状语的关系副词 when 通常不能省略， 但 若用于 day, year, time, the moment 等少数几个词后 时可以省略(也可换成 that)。如： That was the year (that) I first went abroad. 就是那一年我第一次出国了。 I’ll never forget the day (that) we met. 我永远也忘不了我们见面的那一天。 By the time (when) he was fourteen years old, Einstein had learnt advanced mathematics all by himself. 到 14 岁时，爱因斯坦已经自学了高等数学。 Do you still remember the day (when) we first met? 你还记得我们第一次见面的那一天吗？ 关系副词 where 的省略 用作地点状语的关系副词 where 通常不能省 略 ， 但 若 用 于 place, somewhere, anywhere, everywhere, nowhere 等几个词后时可以省略(也可 换成 that)。如： This is (答疑 qq 329950885)the place (where) we met for the first time. 这是我们第一次见面的地方。 Do you have anywhere (that) I can lie down for an hour? 你有没有一个什么地方可以让我躺一个小时？ 关系副词 why 的省略 关系副词 why 通常只用于 the reason 后引导定 语从句，且通常可换成 that 或 for which，均可省 略。如： That’s the reason (why, for which, that) he came. 这就是他来的原因。 Give me one reason (why) we should help you. 给 我举出一个我们应当帮助你的理由。
关系代词直接跟在介词后时，只可用 whom 或 which, 不可用 who, that (参看 P. 4) from where 为“介词＋关系副词”结构，可以引导 定语从句 如： We stood at the top of the hill, from where we can see the town. 1. China is the birthplace of kites, ______ kite flying spread to Japan, Korea, Thailand and India. A. from that B. from where C. from there D. from here 像 look after, look for 等固定短语动词 在定语从句中一般不宜将介词与动词分开。如： This is the boy whom she has taken care of. 2. This is the baby ______ tomorrow. A. after whom I shall look B. whom I shall look after C. whose I shall look after D. after whom I shall look after 部分与整体用 of some of us, many of them 3. The course normally attracts 20 students per year, ______ up to half will be from overseas. A. in which B. for which C. with which D. of whom 4. There are many books on science, ______ this is one example. A. which B. from which C. of which D. into which 5. 【2008 四川】For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread out further, ______ New York is an example. A. for which B. in which C. of which D. from which 6. 【2012 四川】In our class there are 46 students, ______ half wear glasses. A. in whom B. in them C. of whom D. of them 介词的选择：看前看后看意思 看与先行词的搭配 7. The bicycle ______ he often rides needs repairing. A. on which B. in which C. by which D. with which 8. Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree ______ they can be controlled on purpose. A. with which B. to which C. of which D. for which 9. 【2012 全国Ⅱ】100℃ is the temperature ______ which water will boil. A. for B. at C. on D. of
10. The world ______ is made up of matter. A. in that we live B. on which we live C. where we live in D. we live in 11. 【2008 上海】We went through a period ______ communications were very difficult in the rural areas. A. which B. whose C. in which D. with which 【2012 湖南】Care of the soul is a gradual process ______ even the small details of life should be considered. A. what B. in what C. which D. in which 看谓语的搭配 13. The two things ______ they felt very proud are Jim’s gold watch and Della’s hair. A. about which B. of which C. in which D. for which 14. Henry set up a club for football fans, ______ he invited all his friends. A. for whom B. to whom C. to which D. from which 15. 【2010 上海】Wind power is an ancient source of energy ______ we may return in the near future. A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which 16. Is this just the city ______ the foreign guests wish to pay a visit ______. A. which; in B. to which; / C. that; to D. to that; / 17. He is a man of great experience, ______ much can be learned. A. who B. that C. from which D. from whom 18. In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person ______ she could turn for help.
A. whom C. to whom
B. who D. form whom
19. The pen ______ he is writing is mine. A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which 20. Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______ Hangzhou is famous in the world. A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what 21. 【2009 陕西】Gun control is a subject ______ Americans have argued for a long time. A. of which B. with which C. about which D. into which 根据句子意思 22. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, ______ he could see ______ was going on inside the house. A. which; what B. through which; what C. through that; what D. what; that 23. In the office I never seem to have time until after 5:30 p.m., ______ many people have gone home. A. whose time B. that C. on which D. by which time 24. 【 2008 上海春】Villagers here depend on the fishing industry, ______ there won’t be much work. A. where B. that C. by which D. without which 25. 【2008 福建】By nine o’clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, ______ appeared a rare rainbow soon. A. of which B. on which C. from which D. above which
限制性定语从句 形式上 意义上 译法上 关系词的使用上 不用逗号和主句隔开 是先行词不可缺少的定语，起“指定是哪一 个”的作用，去掉后句意不完整 翻译成先行词的定语，“……的……” A. 作宾语时可省略; B.可用 that; who 代替 whom；D.可用 why C. 可用 非限制性定语从句 用逗号和主句隔开 是对先行词的补充说明， 删除后句子意思仍完整 通常翻译成主句的并列句 A. 不可省; B. 不用 that; C. 不用 who 代替 whom; D. why 要换为 for which
限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句的区别 限制性定语从句紧跟先行词， 与先行词之间一般不 加逗号，仅修饰先行词，可以由关系代词、关系副词
或 that 来引导。非限制性定语从句仅作补充或说明， 用逗号与主句隔开，既可修饰先行词，又可修饰整个 主句，不可用 that 引导。如： a) This is the house which we bought last month. 这是我们上个月买的那幢房子。 （限制性）
b) The house, which we bought last month, is very some time off to go travelling, ______ turned out to be a nice.这幢房子很漂亮，是我们上个月买的。 wise decision. A. that B. which C. when D. where （非限制性） Eric received training in computer for one year, I lost my money that day, for which I had to ______ he found a job in a big company. walk home.(非限制性，for which 不能换为 A. after that B. after which why) C. after it D. after this He met with a pretty girl in the park, whom he You were very impolite to him, for ______ you should fell in love at first sight. (非限制性，whom 不 make an apology to him, I think. 能换为 who) A. this B. which C. what D. that 【2011 北京】 Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, ______, of course, made all the others upset. A. who B. which C. what D. that His movie won several awards at the film festival, ______ was beyond his wildest dream. A. which B. that C. where D. it 【2009 全国 II】 My friend showed me round the town, ______ was very kind of him. A. which B. that C. where D. it 【2012 北京】 When deeply absorbed in work, ______ he often was， would forget all about eating or sleeping. he A. that B. which C. where D. when 【2013 安徽】Mo Yan was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2012, ______ made one of the Chinese people’s long-held dreams come true. A. it B. that C. what D. which 【2012 福建】The air quality in the city, ______ is shown in the report, has improved over the past two months. A. that B. it C. as D. what ______ might be expected, the response to the question was very mixed. A. As B. That C. It D. What 【2013 山东】There is no simple answer, ______ is often the case in science. A. as B. that C. when D. where 【2013 陕西】______ is often the case with children, Amy was better by the time the doctor arrived. A. It B. That C. What D. As The Beatles, ______ many of you are told enough to remember, came from Liverpool. A. what B. that C. how D. as
当先行词是专有名词或由物主代词和指示代词所 修饰时，其后的定语从句通常是非限制性的。如： Charles Smith, who was my former teacher, retired last year. 查理· 史密斯去年退休了，他曾经是我的老师。 My house, which I bought last year, has got a lovely garden. 我的房子，去年买的，带着个漂亮的花园。 This novel, which I have read three times, is very touching. 这本小说很动人，我已经读了三遍。 练习 翻译下列句子，注意体会限制性定语从句和非限制 性定语从句在表达意思上的区别。 He has a brother who is a physicist. He has a brother, who is a physicist. He returned all the books which are written in English. He returned all the books, which are written in English. The man who lives next door is a doctor. My sister, who lives next door, is a doctor. A student who studies hard will make good progress. The student, who lives far from school, is the captain of their football team. as, which 引导的非限制性定语从句 as 引导的非限制性定语从句位置较灵活， 可以位于 主句前面、(答疑 qq 329950885)中间或后面，一般用逗 号与主句隔开，但 which 所引导的非限制性定语从句 只能放在主句之后。 as 引导非限制性定语从句，常带有“正如” 。当从 句为否定时不能用 as。 as, which 可指代整个主句，也可指代主句的一部 分。 非限制性定语从句将整个主句作为先行词, 对其 进行修饰, 这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数。 as is often the case 是常用说法， “像往常那样； 意为 正如经常发生的那样” 。 He returned home safe and sound after a fierce battle, ______ was unexpected. A. which B. as C. that D. it 【2010 四川】After graduating from college，I took
as, which 引导非限制性定语从句 （P. 错误！未定义书签。 ） 使用非限制性定语从句， 是写出长的高级句子的最 常用的方法（P. 错误！未定义书签。 ）
例题： He told me the news this morning ______ his father had come back. A. which B. that C. which or that 答案是 B。那么 A 为什么不可以呢？ 要弄明白这个问题， 就要搞清楚定语从句和同位语 从句的区别。 同位语从句和定语从句很相似， 但还是有区别 的，区别主要在以下三方面： 1. 从词类上区别 同位语从句前面的名词只能是 idea, fact, news, hope, belief, suggestion, proposal, word, thought, doubt, truth, possibility, promise, order 等有一定内涵的名词； 而定语从句的先行词可以是名词、代词，主句的一 部分或是整个主句。如: We are now looking into the question whether he is worth trusting. 我们正在调查的问题不是他是否值得信赖的问题。同 （ 位语从句） Word came that he had been abroad. 据说他已经出国了。 （同位语从句） Our team has won the game, which made us very happy. 我们队赢了,这让我们很高兴。 （定语从句） The doctor whom you are looking for is in the room. 你找的那位医生在房间里面。 （定语从句） 2. 从性质上区别 定语从句对其先行词起修饰或限制作用，功能 上相当于形容词；而同位语从句是对前面抽象名词 的进一步的说明和解释，是名词的具体内容，属于 名词性从句的范畴。如: The news that our team has won the game was true. 我们队赢了那场比赛的消息是真的。 （同位语从句，说明 news 到底是一个什么消息） The news that he told me yesterday was true. 昨天他告诉我的那个消息是真的。 （定语从句, 指他告诉我的消息） I made a promise that if anyone set me free I would make him very rich. 我许诺如果谁让我自由,我就让他非常富有。 （同位语从句,补充说明 promise 的内容） The mother made a promise that pleased all her children. 妈妈做出了一个令她的孩子们高兴的许诺。 （定语从句, promise 在从句中作 pleased 的主语） 3. 引导词上的区别 引导词 that 引导词 that 引导定语从句时，作从句的一个成 分，有时可用 which 替换，作宾语时常常省略；而 that 在同(答疑 qq 329950885)位语从句中仅起连接 作用,不充当任何成分，并且不能省略，也不能用 which 来代替。 例：判断下列句子是同位语从句还是定语从句。 The order that we should send a few people to help the other groups was received yesterday. 我们应派几个人去帮别的小组的命令昨天收到了。 The order that we received yesterday was that we should send a few people to help the other groups. 我们昨天收到的命令是我们应该派几个人去帮助别的 几个小组。 解析： ①是同位语从句，是对 order 的具体解释，that 虽不作成分，不能换为 which, 也不能省略。 ②是定语从句，是名词 order 的修饰语，that 在从 句中作 received 的宾语，可以换为 which，也可 以省略。 how, whether, what 虽不能引导定语从句， 却可引 导同位语从句 who, whose, whom, which, when, where, why 除引导 定语从句外， 也可引导同位语从句。 （参看 P. 错误！ 未定义书签。错误！未找到引用源。 ） 定语从句的引导词在意思上反映的是先行词的意 思，而同位语从句的引导词在意思上和前面的词没有 联系。 The reason that he gave for his coming late was not true. The reason that his alarm clock was broken was not true. 在①中， 的意思是 reason, 在定语从句中作 give that 的宾语。在②句中，that 只起连接作用，不含有 the reason 的意思。 The suggestion where he stressed the importance of exercising was very practical. The suggestion where we should exercise regularly is very practical. 在句③中，where 意为“在这个建议中（in the suggestion），反映的是先行词的意思；在句④中， ” where 指的是锻炼身体的地方，和 the suggestion 没 有联系。 在定语从句中，关系副词可以换为“介词+关系代
词” ，而引导同位语从句的连接副词却不能换为“介 词+连接代词”的形式。 在上面的句③中， where 可以换为 in which； 在 句④中，where 不能换为 in which。 例：判断下列句子是同位语从句还是定语从句。 That question whether we need it has not been considered. I have no idea what has happened to him. I haven’t answered the question how I will deal with it. The school where Bob studies is in the middle of the city. The decision when we should get started hasn’t been made. 解析： ①、②、③是同位语从句，它们是在说明前面词的 内容, whether, what 和 how 不能引导定语从句。 ④是定语从句，where 反映的是先行词的意思，可 以换为 in which。 ⑤是同位语从句。从句是在说明 decision 的内容。 when 并没有反映 the decision 的意思。when 也不能 改为 at which time。 练习 【2004 上海春】Along with the letter was his promise ______ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether You can depend on whatever promise ______ he makes. A. / B. why C. when D. whose The news ______ he has been elected president of the United States is true. A. that B which C. what D. where The news ______ you told me yesterday is true. A. that B when C. what D. where 【2006 重庆】Nobody believed his reason for being absent from the class ______ he had to meet his uncle at the air port. A. why B. that C. where D. because Is this the reason ______ he explained at the meeting for his carelessness in his work? A. that B. what C. how D. why Galileo collected the facts ______ proved the earth and all the other planets move around the sun. A. that B. which C. / D. A and B Galileo discovered the fact ______ the earth and all the other planets move around the sun. A. that B. which C. / D. A and B 【2006 安徽】A warm thought suddenly came to me ______ I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s birthday. A. if B. when C. that D. which 【2012 上海】 There is much truth in the idea ______ kindness is usually served by frankness. A. why B. which C. that D. whether
I still remember the farm ______ my parents worked 知识准备：简单句、并列句和复合句 ten years ago. A. where B. on which （参看 P. 错误！未定义书签。错误！未找到引用源。 ） 本题 A， 两个答案都行， B 因为本句 where 引导 的是定语从句，先行词是 the farm。 定语从句与同位语从句 第9讲 Go and get your coat. It’s ______ you left it. （参看 P. 120） A. there B. where C. there where D. where there 定语从句与地点状语从句 第10讲 When you read the book, you’d better make a 例题： mark ______ you have any questions. Rice doesn’t grow well ______ there is not enough A. at which B. at where water. A. where B. in which C. the place D. where 有的同学认为两个答案都对，解释说 where 可 第11讲 The house stood ______ there had been a rock. A. which B. at which 以换为 in which。 C. when D. where 而正确答案只能是 A，因为在这里 where 引导 —Mom, what did your doctor say? 的是地点状语(答疑 qq 329950885)从句而不是定语 第12讲 【2006 四川】 —He advised me to live ______ the air is fresher. 从句。在定语从句中关系副词 where 可以换为“介 A. in where B. in which 词＋关系代词” ，而在状语从句中则不能这样换。 C. the place where D. where 辨别方法：定语从句有先行词而状语从句没有 第13讲 【2006 天津】If you are traveling ______ the 先行词。试比较： customs are really foreign to your own, please do as
the Romans do. A. in which C. when
B. what D. where
定语从句与结果状语从句 这里主要指 such．．as／that （参看 P. 60） ． 定语从句与并列句 例：A. them a) b) c) B. they C. whom
第24讲 They believed that the spirits are with the body of the dead person for three days; ______ there is always someone to stay with the dead person. A. during this time B. during which time C. during which D. during when 定语从句与独立主格结构 有关系词引导的定义从句要有完整的谓语，而独立 主格结构则没有完整的谓语，且不需要连接词。 （参看 P. 错误！ 未定义书签。 错误！ 未找到引用源。 ） 定语从句与强调句型 看下面两个题： It was on the National Day ______ she met with her separated sister. A. that B. where C. when D. which （选 C 可以吗？为什么？） —When did you get to know him? —It was on the morning of May 1st ______ I was playing in the park. A. that B. when C. where D. which （选 A 可以吗？为什么？） 在①中，如果选 C，把后面看作定语从句，语 法上也说得过去， “是在她遇到与她分别的妹妹的那 个国庆节” ，但什么是在这个国庆节？语义不完整。 如果把 when she met with her separated sister 看作时 间状语，把 it 看作表示时间，这样怎样？还是不行！ 需要把 on 去掉才行！ （参看 P. 错误！未定义书签。 错误！未找到引用源。 ）因此要选 A，她遇到她分别 的妹妹是在国庆节。这样语义就完整了。我们可以 看出： 该用强调句型的如果用定语从句，语义不完整。 在②中，如果选 A 的话，则译为“我在公园玩是 在五一的上午（而不是别的时间）”。这样，就是所 答非所问了。选 B 的话，译为“是在我在公园玩的那 个五一的上午”。因此答案为 B。这时可以看作句子 后面省略了 that I got to know him。我们可以看出： 该用定语从句的， 如果用按强调句型去理解， 所答 非所问。 第25讲 【2008 全国 II】It was in New Zealand ______ Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith. A. that B. how C. which D. when 第26讲 It was on the National Day ______ she met with her separated sister. A. that B. where C. when D. which 第27讲 It was evening ______ we reached the little town of Winchester. A. that B. until C. since D. before 第28讲 It is our parents ______ we depend on when we are in trouble. A. who B. whom C. that D. /
He has three daughters, none of ______ is an engineer. He has three daughters, but none of ______ is a dancer. He has three daughters; ______ are doctors.
并列句有像 and，but，so 等并列连词或分号连 接，这时就不必再用关系词了；而定语从句中，关 系词起着连接作用， 不必要再用 and, but， 等连词。 so （参看“两个主谓结构时”P.错误！未定义书签。错 误！未找到引用源。 ） 答案：① C ② A ③ B 第14讲 【2013 浙江】The children, ______ had played the whole day long, were worn out. A. all of what B. all of which C. all of them D. all of whom 第15讲 I have five friends, but none of ______ are business- men. A. that B. whom C. they D. them 第16讲 I have five friends, ______ are businessmen. A. that B. who C. they D. them 第17讲 【2012 山东】Maria has written two novels, both of ______ have been made into television series. A. them B. that C. which D. what 第18讲 _____ is reported in the newspaper, talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. What D. That 第19讲 ______ is reported in the newspaper that talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. What D. That 第20讲 ______ talks between the two countries are making progress is reported in the newspaper. A. It B. As C. What D. That 第21讲 ____ is reported in the newspaper is that talks between the two countries are making progress. A. It B. As C. What D. That 第22讲 The young mother saw her baby fall to the ground, ______ brought her heart to her mouth. A. it B. and that C. and which D. that 第23讲 He studied hard and later became a well-known writer, ______ his father expected. A. that was what B. what was that C. and which was D. which was what
第29讲 【2007 山东】—Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm ______ we worked. A. that B. there C. which D. where
分隔定语从句 定语从句一般紧跟在先行词之后，但定语从句与先行 词之间有时也会插入别的成分，构成先行词与定语从 句的隔离。如： This is the article written by him that I spoke to you about. He was the only person in this country who was invited. 在①中，定语从句与先行词被 written by him 分隔； 在②中，定语从句与先行词被 in this country 分隔。 I. 【 2011 福 建 】 She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students ______ allows them to communicate freely with each other. A. which B. where C. what D. who II. 【2011 上海】You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station ______ you can hire to reach your host family. A. which B. where C. when D. as III. 【2011 天津】The days are gone ______ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which IV. 【 2012 江 苏 】 After the flooding, people were suffering in that area, ______ urgently needed clean water, medicine and shelter to survive. A. which B. who C. where D. what V. 【2013 江苏】The president of the World Bank says he has a passion for China ______, he remembers starting as early as his childhood. A. where B. which C. what D. when one of, the one of, the only one of 例题：选用 is、are 填空 Tom is one of the students who ______ good at playing football. Tom is the only/very one of the students who ______ good at playing football. Tom is the one of the students who ______ good at playing football. 在①中， 定语从句的先行词是 the students, 这些 学生(答疑 qq 329950885)都擅长踢足球，而 Tom 是 他们中的一个, 因此 who 代指的是 the students, 因此 填 are。 在②中，Tom 就是那些学生中唯一擅长踢足球 的那一个。擅长踢足球的只有一人，因此，who 代 指一个人，后面填 is。此时，先行词是 the one。此 时，the one 有两个定语，of the students 和后面的定 语从句。 第③句同第②句差不多。擅长踢足球的还是只 有一人，因此，先行词是 the one，要填 is。 因此，我们可以发现这样的规律： one of 后跟名词复数时, 后面定语从句的先行词 是 of 后面的名词复数，从句谓语用复数； the one of/ the only one of 后跟名词复数时，后面定 语从句的先行词是 the one/the only one，从句谓语用单 数。 精品-高中英语语法通霸-7.定语从句语法常考点专项 总结归纳讲解与高考真题详细分类练习题及答案.doc VI. 【1994 上海】 is one of the few girls who ______ She in the kindergarten. A. is well paid B. are well paid C. is paying well D. are paying well VII. It is one of the best books ______. A. that have ever been written B. that has ever been written C. which have been written D. which has been written VIII. Jack was the one of my classmates who ______ invited to attend the contest. A. had B. have C. was D. were IX. This is the very one of the most interesting films ______ shown last week. A. which was B. that was C. which were D. that were X. 【2010 全国Ⅱ】 Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only one of the women who ______ evening dress. A. wear B. wears C. has worn D. have worn what 不能引导定语从句, one 作同位语 XI. Meeting my uncle after all these years was an unforgettable moment, ______ I will always treasure. A. that B. one C. it D. what XII. Her sister has become a lawyer, ______ he wanted to be. A. who B. that C. what D. which XIII. Miss Smith is a strict but good teacher, ______ often cares about our life and study at school.
A. one who C. the one
B. whoever D. the person
XIV. For Tim this was the beginning of a new life, ______ he thought he would never see. A. what B. that C. one D. it XV. 【2010 山东】Helping others is a habit, ______ you can learn even at an early age. A. it B. that C. what D. one is this school the one 与 is this the school 看下面两题： ① Is this school ______ we visited three years ago? A. the one B. which C. that D. where ② Is this the school ______ we visited three years ago? A. the one B. where C. in which D. / 要简化难题，可把疑问句恢复成陈述句。在第 一句中，恢复陈述句，is 要放到 school 的后面。如 果放到 this 的后面的话，就构成了 this is school, 而 school 作为可数名词单数是不能单独使用的， 前面要 用冠词或物主代词或指示代词。 （参看 P. 错误！未定 义书签。错误！未找到引用源。 ） 两题的答案：A D XVI. Is this photo ______ you took on the Great Wall that day? A. which B. what C. the one D. that XVII. Is this factory ______ some foreign friends visited last Friday? A. that B. where C. which D. the one XVIII. Is this the factory ______ he worked ten years ago? A. that B. where C. which XIX. Is this factory ______ color TV sets are produced. A. which B. the one where C. that D. in which XX. This is the factory ______ produces color TV sets. A. where B. the one where C. that D. in which
综合运用本章所学定语从句内容（P. 错误！未定 义书签。 ）
相关概念 1.① ③ ⑤ ⑦ ⑨ who/that ② whose ④ that /which ⑥ who /whom /that /不填 ⑧ where ⑩ who /whom /that /不填 whose that /which /不填 why when
2. ① The movie (that we saw last night) is very exciting. ② Have you bought the book (which we talked about)? ③ I still remember the day (which we spent together last week). ④ He still lives in the house (whose windows face south). ⑤ The boy (whose father is a policeman ) speaks English most fluently in our class. ⑥ The girl (who you met) was John’s sister. ⑦ There is no reason (why we shouldn’t be friends). ⑧ They arrived in the early morning (when the sky was still dark). ⑨ The days were gone (when we had to travel on horses ). ⑩ Is this the hospital (where you were born)? 关系词的选择 1. 6. 11. 16. A C D C 2. 7. 12. 17. D A D B 3. 8. 13. 18. A A D A 4. 9. 14. 19. A B B A 5. 10. 15. 20. B C C C
只能用 that 不能用 which 的情况 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 其他有关关系词选择的规则 1. 6. 11. whose 可指人也可指物 1. 6. as, but, than 用作关系代词 1. 6. C B 2. 7. B B 3. 8. B B 4. 9. D A 5. 10. D B B B 2. 7. D A 3. C 4. D 5. B C D D 2. 7. 12. B D D 3. 8. 13. C A A 4. 9. 14. C B D 5. 10. A B D B A C B 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. B A D D B 3. 8. 13. 18. B A B D 4. 9. 14. 19. A A C D 5. 10. 15. 20. A D A B
11. 关系副词 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 介词﹢关系代词 1. 6. 11. 16. 21.
D D D D A
2. 7. 12. 17.
B D B C
3. 8. 13. 18.
D A D D
4. 9. 14. 19.
D E A B
5. 10. 15. 20.
B D C B
B C C B C
2. 7. 12. 17. 22.
B A D D B
3. 8. 13. 18. 23.
D B B C D
4. 9. 14. 19. 24.
C B C A D
5. 10. 15. 20. 25.
C D C A D
限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句 练习 他有一个当医生的兄弟。 （不止一个兄弟，其中一个是医生。 ） 他有一个弟弟，是个医生。 （只有一个弟弟。 ） 他把所有的英文书都归还了。 （还有别的书没归还） 他把所有的书都归还了；这些书都是英文书。 住在我隔壁的那个人是个医生。 我姐姐是个医生，住在我的隔壁。 努力学习的学生会取得进步。 这个学生是他们校足球队的队长，他住得离学校很远。 1. 6. 11. 同位语从句和定语从句 1. 6. 定语从句与易混句型 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 定语从句的其他常见考点 1. 6. 11. 16. A B B C 2. 7. 12. 17. A A D D 3. 8. 13. 18. A C A B 4. 9. 14. 19. B B C B 5. 10. 15. 20. B B D C B D A A D 2. 7. 12. 17. D D D A 3. 8. 13. 18. D B C A 4. 9. 14. 19. D C B D 5. 10. 15. 20. D B D C B A 2. 7. A D 3. 8. A A 4. 9. A C 5. 10. B C A A A 2. 7. 12. B A A 3. 8. 13. B B D 4. 9. 14. B D D 5. 10. B C