听力材料 一、听对话回答问题 1. W: Here comes the bus! M: Don’t rush, boys and girls! It’s dangerous. 2. W :Do you like British weather M: No, it’s too wet. 3.W: Would you like to go fishing w
ith us? M: Sorry, that’s not my cup of tea. I’d like to see a friend. 4.W: Where is your homework? M: Sorry, my uncle came to see me yesterday. Can I hand it in tomorrow. 5.W: As a ten-year-old boy, your English is very good.. W: Thank you. But I have learned English for only three years. 二、听较长对话，回答问题。 第一段： W: Wow, you are wet all over! Didn’t you know there’s a heavy rain today? M: I knew there would be a shower, but I didn’t realize it would rain cats and dogs today. W: well, you’d better take a hot shower right now, or you’ll catch a cold. M: I know. I don’t want to get sick, especially when the exams are coming. W: Yes. You should get ready for that. And then you can go to a better university. 第二段 M: Ann, you look pale. What’s the matter? W: My notebook PC was stolen last night. M: What time was your notebook PC stolen? W: It was about 10’clock.I left at 8:00pm and when I came back at eleven o ’clock, it was gone. M: Did you report it to the police? W: Yes ,the police came and wrote down something, and then told me to wait for the news. M: Hope the police can catch the thief and find your PC back W: Hope so. 三、听独白，回答问题。 Hello! Tom. I am glad you are coming to college next Wednesday. I planned to meet you at the train station, but unfortunately I will have to go out for an important meeting. So I e-mailed you a map of our town. Now I have to say sorry to you that I forgot to mark the way to our college from the train station. Do you mind if I tell you now and you mark the way on the map? Can you find the train station on the map? Yes, it’d in the northwest of the town. When you come out of the station, you can see Greshman Street. Turn left and walk along Greshman Street. At the second crossing, turn right, and you come to King Street. Go along this street about five minutes. You will see a crossing again. There’s a supermarket there. Turn left, and you come to Cheapside Poultry. Walk along, and you can see a bank and a post office on the right. Between them is Addison Road. Our college is on Addison Road. I think you won’t miss it. If you don’t want to do the walking, you can also take a taxi. And the driver will bring you directly to our college. I’m looking forward to seeing you. Goodbye!
作文范文： The underground train is playing more and more important role in our daily life. People can take the underground train to go to most places in the city. It’s very convenient for them. Taking the underground train is good for the environment and it helps save energy. What interests people most is that it’s very fast. You don’t need to worry about staying for long on the way. However, it has some disadvantages. Usually there are too many people on the train and it’s really crowded. Because of it, something may be easily stolen. Sometimes people talk loudly and it’s very noisy. All these make people uncomfortable on the train. In my opinion, I think it is a good way to travel if we take the underground train. It’s much safer than the bus, and cheaper than the taxi. When I go downtown, the underground train will be the first choice. 完型填空 Several weeks ago, our headmaster, Mr. Gaudi, told us that our school had been chosen to compete （v. 竞争）on Smart Aleck—a game show which my best friend Carla and I both love. Carla has a good imagination (n.想象力), and I know a lot of history, so we thought we’d be good choices (n. 被选上之 人)for the team. A few days later, Mr. Gaudi held a meeting with everyone interested in the show . He told us that Smart Aleck uses a five-member team. He also said that three more people would be needed as backup （替 补）. Unluckily four times that many students were at the meeting. So Mr. Gaudi said we would have a competition and the top eight scorers(n.得分者) would become the team and the backup. Everybody agreed that this was a fair (adj.公平的)way to decide. Yesterday, all of the hopeful students went to the dining hall after school. We would have to decide the starting line-up（阵容）.Mr. Gaudi acted as the host. After several hours, all the places on the team were set(v.布置；安排) except one. Carla and I tied for(不分胜负；平手) that last position(n.位置). We had to hold a one-on-one competition between the two of us. The winner would be on the team and the loser(n.输家) would be the backup. Midway(adv.在中途) through our two-person competition, I was starting to pull ahead(领先). Then I saw the look on Carla's face. I waited for a second and knew what I had to do. As much as I wanted to be on Smart Aleck, Carla wanted it even more. So, starting with my next question, I held back(犹豫；踌躇) and let Carla win just by a little bit. When she realized she would be on the show, she felt sorry for my not being on the team. And since I will go as backup, I'll still have the fun of seeing the show up close. Was I cheating(作弊) by not trying as hard as I could? I don't think so. No one noticed, and Carla and
I didn't plan it. It won't hurt the team because Carla will be a very good competitor(n.竞争者) on the real show.﹡ I think that making my best friend happy was the right thing to do. 参考译文 几周以前，校长高迪先生告诉我们，我们学校被选中参加一个游戏表演比赛，我和我最好的朋友 卡拉都十分喜欢这个比赛。卡拉想象力丰富，我的历史知识很好，我们都认为自己是参赛的最佳队 员。几天后，校长高迪召集对这个比赛感兴趣的同学开会，告诉我们参赛队员五人，另外还有三名 候补队员。遗憾的是，有兴趣参赛的学生数是这个数字的四倍多。大家一致同意通过比赛决定最终 的参赛选手。昨天，高迪先生主持了比赛，一小会儿后，剩下我和好朋友卡拉竞争最后一个职位了。 比赛进行到一半时，我观察卡拉的表情，意识到她比我更想赢这场比赛。我故意落后一点，让卡拉 赢了比赛。卡拉得知我不能参加比赛感到遗憾。由于我是候补队员，我依然能享受近距离观赛的乐 趣。卡拉将是一位十分优秀的选手，我认为让我最好的朋友高兴是一件正确的事。 阅读理解 A This is a true story in Guyana. One day, a child took some silver paper from a cigarette box. He rolled (v.卷)it into a tiny(adj.小的) ball and pushed it up his nose. He couldn’t get it out again. He ran crying to his mother. His mother couldn’t get the paper out, either. A week later the paper was still in his nose. His nose began to have a bad smell. So his mother took his child to the hospital. The doctor looked up his nose. She put a tiny steel rod（钢 棒） into his nose and felt the paper. She said she would have to cut his nose to get the paper out. The child’s mother came home looking sad. She didn’t want her child to have his nose cut. He was a handsome boy and the cut would make him ugly. Next day, the child’s mother took him to her friend Sidney. Sidney lived in a house with an old woman called May. She asked to see the child, so the child let her look up his nose. He closed his eyes. “Yes, I can see it,” May said. “It will be out soon!” As she spoke, she shook black pepper(n.胡椒粉) on the child’s nose. He gave a mighty sneeze and the paper flew out. His mother was surprised. May told her to take the boy to the sea for a swim. She said the salt water would go up his nose and stop the bad smell. So the child didn’t have to go to the hospital and have his nose cut. B ﹡ Scientists have found a new use for children’s imaginations(想象力)—to make stomachaches go away.
The BBC reports a new study that shows: “Children can be taught to use their imaginations to deal with stomachaches.” This may be very good news for parents who need a quick cure(n.治愈) for their sick children. Any mother or father understands the stomach problem is one of the most frequent(时常发生的) things their children complain about. Around twenty percent of children suffer from(遭受……的痛苦) stomachaches that doctors cannot find a reason for. This new research is especially good for kids with active imaginations. Researchers found that the more creative the child is, the better he or she is at imagining the pain away. The researchers used a relaxing CD with children. A voice guided them through different fantasy(幻 想) situations. One of these was pretending to be floating (v.漂浮)on a cloud. Thirty children took part in the tests. Half of them used the “guided imagery” method(n.方法) , and the other half received normal medicines. Researchers found 73.3 percent of the CD users reported a reduction in pain(疼痛的减少). This compared to only 26.7 percent of kids who got normal treatment. Study leader(研究的带头人) Dr Miranda Tilburg was very excited about her findings. She believed that it was a very cheap and easy way to stop children’s stomachaches. She said it would not work as well with adults. 词语填空 Good afternoon, everybody and welcome to this class on English words. I’m Professor Morris. I’ll be your teacher for the next two weeks. As you can probably tell, this is one of the most popular classes . Indeed(adv.确实), every time these lessons are given , this room is very full. Why? Well, in order to(为了) use the English language, ﹡it’s very important to have at least a basic understanding(基本的了解) of how words are formed(v.构成). If you are an English learner, you might wonder how you can possibly remember all of these words. Well, in fact you don’t have to. No native(adj.本族的) speaker knows all of the English words. If you know how words are formed by using parts of words(部分词语) from other languages, you’ll understand a good number of (= a lot of 大量的)English words when you first come across 遇到） （ them. Let me put it in this way(让我这么说吧)—﹡knowing the rules(n.规律) will help you master（v.掌握）a large number of words. This is probably the No. 1 reason why this class is so popular.
基础语言： 16. The underlined part in the word “fixed” is pronounced as /t/ . 辅音包括清辅音和浊辅音两大类。记住这 10 对清浊音： （1）清辅音[p] [t] [k] [f] [s] [?] [θ] [t?] [tr] [ts] （2）浊辅音[b] [d] [g] [v] [z] [?] [? [d?] [dr] [dz] ] 记住清辅音，对名词变复数、动词变第三人称单数、动词的过去式的读音规则有极好的分辨作用。 名词复数发音规则： 1、大多数动词在词尾加“s ”在清辅音后发音为[s] 如： chicks \ maps\ cups 2、在浊辅音及元音后发音为 [z] 如：windows \ doors\ computers \centers eggs 3、以字母 t 结尾的发/ts/音 如：mats \ cats\ aunts 4、以字母 d 结尾的发/dz/音 如： birds \ words\ hands 5、特殊变化的词根据变化后结尾音变化同上如：butterfly-butterflies 变化后结尾音/ai/为元音，所 以发/z/音。 动词原形变第三人称单数的规则与发音规律： 同名词单数变复数大致相同，请认真观察： 1、大多数动词在词尾加“s ”在清辅音后发音为[s]，在浊辅音及元音后发音为 [z]。如： ①stop－stops [s] ; make－makes [s] ②read－reads [z] ; play－plays [z] 2、以辅音字母加“y”结尾的，要先将“y”变为“i”，然后在加“es”读[iz] 如： fly－flies [z]； carry－carries [z] study－studies [z]; worry－worries 3、以“s, x, ch, sh”结尾的，在词尾加“es”，发音为[iz] 如：teach－teaches [iz]; watch－watches [iz] 4、以“o”结尾的动词，加“es”，读[z] 如： go－goes [z] do－does [z] 下面几个动词变为单数时，原词的元音部分的发音发生了较大的变化，请注意记忆。 如： 1、do [du:]－does [dz] 2、say [sei]－says [sez] 动词过去式的读音规则： 1. 在轻辅音后加 ed 读轻辅音/t/ 如：asked watched passed jumped surfed 2.在浊辅音及元音后加 ed 读浊辅音/d/ 如： lived listened closed stayed watered played 3. 在/t/ /d/ 之后读 /Id/ 如：add --- added need --- needed shout --- shouted
18. ---Tom is ill. Do you know what’s wrong with him. ---Poor boy. His illness is the result of eating unhealthy food. 名词短语：________________ 20. ---Excuse me, I want to buy some food. Where can I find a supermarket？ ---I know one not far from here. You can easily find it. 讲解：one 表示泛指，与所指名词为同类，但不是同一个，而 it 与所指名词为同一个。 I can’t find my hat. I think I must buy one. (不定) 我找不到我的帽子了。我想我该去买一顶。 I can’t find my hat. I don’ t know where I put it.(同一物) 我找不到我的帽子。我不知道我把它放在哪了。 练习： ①----You are learning typing. The computer is very useful. ----I hope to have a computer, but I can't afford to buy________ . A .one B. it C. that D. this ②This computer is so expensive that I cannot afford to buy________. Can you bring the price down a little. A. one B. that C. it D. this 22. Jack. Your hair is too long. Would you mind having it cut? 句型：Would you mind doing…? 表示请求，意思是“请你做……你是否介意？、请你做……好吗？” “Would you mind my doing…？表示想要对方允许自己做某事, “你介意我……吗？” 短语：have sth done 表示“主语请别人做某事”。 23. ---Would you like some milk tea or lemon tea ,Mike? ---I prefer some tea with milk, it’s my favorite. 24.---Hello, Mike. Long time no see. Where are you?
---Oh, not only my father but also I have been in Wuhan for a month.. 讲解：have been to 意为“曾经去过某地”，现在已不在那里了，后可接次数，如 once，twice，three times 等，表示“去过某地几次”，也可和 just，never，ever 等连用。如： ① My father has been to Beijing twice．我父亲去过北京两次。 ② I have never been to the Great Wall．我从未去过长城。 have been in 表示“在某地呆了多少时间”，常与时间段状语连用。如： ① I have been in Shanghai for three years．我到上海已有三年了。 ② He has been in London for half a month．他来伦敦已有半个月了。 have gone to 意为“到某地去”，说话时该人不在现场，一般用第三人称代词作句子的主 语。如： ①—Where is Jim？吉姆在哪里？ —He has gone to England．他去英国了。（尚未回来） ② Mr Wang isn't here．He has gone to Qingdao．王先生不在这里。他去青岛了。 练习：① Miss Green isn't in the office. She _______ to the library. A. has gone B. went C. will go D. has been ② My parents ______ Shandong for ten years . A. have been in B. have been to C. have gone to D. have been 26. This shop is the one _______ sells men’s clothes. A. what B. where C. which D. in which 讲解：这句话中关系代词 which 指物，在定语从句中作主语。这句话的意思是： ______________________________________________________________________ ① I like to read books which can help me reach success. ____________________________________ ② Football is a game which is liked by most boys. __________________________________________ 28. Over the years I have collected five hundred foreign stamps, two hundred of them are from the USA. 讲解：用作基数词单位的 hundred, thousand, million, billion 通常不带复数词尾-s，但若用于表示数 百、 数千、 数百万这样的泛指， 则用复数。 如：About two thousand people died in the earthquake. 大约有两千人在地震中丧生。 Thousands of people go to the seaside every year. 每年成千上万 的人到海滨去。 30. ---Could you be so kind as to close the door? --- With pleasure. 讲解：你能够行行好，把窗子关上吗？这里的 so...as to 结构在交际用语中是一个常用的恳求结构。 Pleasure 用在交际用语中： ① It’s a pleasure to do …意为“很高兴做…”，相当于 Pleased \ Nice \ Glad to do. ② It’s a/my pleasure. = A pleasure. =My pleasure. 意为“不用谢；没关系；这是我乐意做的”，通常是 对 thank you 的回答. ③ With pleasure=Yes\Certainly，意为“当然可以；愿意效劳”。类似的答语还有：All right；OK；No problem；I’d like to 等，主要用于对别人的请求表示乐意去做的场合。 练习： ①-----Could you do me a favor and take these books to my office？-----Yes，_______ A． for pleasure B．I could C．my pleasure D．with pleasure ② -----It’s been a wonderful evening. Thank you very much..-----_______！ A．My pleasure B．I’m glad to hear that C．No, thanks D．It’s OK. Go ahead。表示鼓励对方做某事，意为“请吧；请说吧；请开始吧；请尽管用”。注意：在回答 May I use…？或 I wonder if I can use…？时， 如借用的东西可以拿走， 就用 Here you are， 反之用 Go ahead。 .Yes, please。 That’s OK。也表示同意、鼓励对方做某事。 72. There is a strange smell in the house .Perhaps something goes bad.
①变坏 ②腐败 ③变酸
78.It is reported that a famous basketball player will come to Hangzhou next week. 据报道有个致命的篮球运动员下周将来杭州。 “It is+过去分词+that?”结构 ① It was said that he found in music the peace. 据说他从音乐里找到了和平 。 ② It is believed that people in China used to keep records by putting a number of stones together. 人们认为，中国人常把石块放在一起来记事。